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OF 


THE  INDIAN  FLORA; 

BEING  A  GUIDE  TO  ALL  THE 

FLOWERING  PLANTS 

HITHERTO  DESCRIBED  AS  INDIGENOUS  TO  THE 
CONTINENT  OF  INDIA. 


BY 


AUTHOR  OF  THE 
USEFUL  PLANTS  OF  INDIA. 


VOL.  I. 


BY  MR.  J.  HIGGINBOTHAM,  MOUNT  ROAD,  MADRA&. 


1864 


To 
HIS  HIGHNESS 

EAMAII  VUEMAH 

MAIIAEAJAH  OF  TRAVANCORE 
A   PRINCE 

WHO 

WITH  A  MIND  ENLIGHTENED  BY  EDUCATION 

AND 

GUIDED  BY  TASTE  AND  FEELING 

HAS  ALWAYS  EVINCED  A  DESIRE 

FOR  THE  DIFFUSION  OF  KNOWLEDGE 

BOTH  IN  AND  BEYOND  THE  LIMITS  OF  HIS  OWN 

jBEilJTIFUL  COUNTRY 


W*  W 

WITH  PERMISSION 


BY  HIS  HIGHNESS'  FAITHFUL  AND 

OBEDIENT  SERVANT 


THE  AUTHOR, 


PREFACE. 


THE  increasing  interest  taken  in  Botanical  pursuits  in  this 
country  will,  it  is  hoped,  be  a  sufficient  guarantee  for  the 
favourable  reception  of  the  present  \\ork.  It  is  intended  to  offer 
to  the  student  a  manual  of  the  Flora  of  the  Continent  of  India 
south  of  the  Himalayas,  including  the  countries  of  Silhet,  Assam 
and  Chittagong  to  the  eastward.  A  work  of  *o  comprehensive 
a  character  is  at  preterit  a  gieat  desideratum,  though  we  possess 
several  local  Floras  of  much  value;  and  however  premature  it 
might  be  considered,  even  now,  to  announce  a  complete  descrip- 
tive catalogue  of  plants  growing  over  so  extensive  an  area  as 
thab  contemplated,  yet  certainly  theie  exi^t  ample  materials, 
which  when  carefully  sifted  and  brought  together,  will  make  up 
a  very  considerable  collection. 

The  descriptions  are  limited  to  those  Plants  which  are  purely 
Indigenous  to  the  country,  all  those  which  have  been  introduced 
and  naturalized,  being  purposely  omitted.  In  all  cases  the 
synonyms  have  been  included,  though  it  has  not  been  deemed 
necessary  to  give  more  than  one  or  two  references  of  identi- 
fication, and  the  selection  whenever  practicable,  both  in  this 
as  in  the  case  of  the  engravings,  has  been  from  the  works  of 
writers  on  Indian  Botany. 

As  the  work  is  intended  to  be  practically  useful  to  all  classes 
and  localities,  an  index  of  vernacular  synonyms  in  five  different 
languages  is  added,  since  the  identification  of  a  plant  by  the 
method  of  first  ascertaining  its  native  name,  if  not  invariably 
successful  in  practice,  will  in  most  cases  be  so,  and  thus  afford 
the  greatest  assistance  to  beginners. 

Every  one  must  be  aware  how  great  are  the  disadvantages  of 
a  remote  station  in  India  where  no  libraries  are  available  for 


II 

reference,  and  where  rarely  one  can  enjoy  any  personal  commu- 
nication with  those  whose  pursuits  are  congenial  to  his  own. 
Under  these  circumstances  the  Author  would  here  claim  indul- 
gence for  the  faults  and  omissions  which  must  necessarily  be 
discovered  in  a  work  of  this  character. 

H.  B, 


Trevandrum, 

18G4, 


PKINCIPAL  ABBREVIATIONS  USED  IN 
THIS  VOLUME. 


Andr.  lot.  rep.  —  The  Botanist's  lit  pository,  by  Henry  Andrews. 

Benth.  —  Bcntham's  elaboration  of  Dr.  Wallicb's  Melastomaceee  and 
other  orders. 

Blume.  —  The  author  of  the  Flora  Java  and  Bijdragen.  tot.  ded.  Flo- 
ra. van  Nederlandbche  Indie. 

Bot.  May.  —  Curtis's  Botanical  Magazine. 

Bot.  reg.  —  Ker's  Botanical  register. 

Br.  or  R.  Br.  —  Robert  Brown,  the  famous  English  Botanist. 

Burm.  Jnd.  —  Burmann's  Flora  Indica. 

Burm.  Zeyl  —  Burmann's  Thesaurus  Zeylanicus. 

Cav.  diss.  —  Monadelphiae  classis  dissertationes  decem.  by  A.  J. 
t'.ivamlles. 

Cham.  #  Sclileclii  —  A.  v.  Chnmisso  and  Dietr.  v.  Srhlechreiidal 
\\ho  published  conjointly  some  Botanical  papers  in  a  Journal 
called  the  LinnoM. 

Cliois  —  J.  D.  Choisy  who  elaborated  several  orders  in  De  Candolle's 
Prodromus. 

Colebr.  —  H.  T.  Colebrooke,  who  published  several  Memoir*  in  the 
Linnsean  Society's  Transactions  and  in  the  Asiatic  Researches. 

Coult  —  Thomas  Coulter,  who  elaborated  the  Dips.icea4  for  De  Can- 
dolle's Prodromiib. 

Dalz.  Bomb,  for.—  The  Bombay  Flora,  by  N.  A.  Dalzell,  and   A. 

Gibson. 
Dec.  —  Prof.    Aug.    Pyr.   De  Candolle,    author  of   the   Prodromus 

Sytttcmatis  Naturahs  Hegm  VegetabiUs  and  other  works. 
Desr,  —  Desrousseaux,  a  writer  in  Lamarck's  Encyclopodie. 
Desv.  —  N.  A.  Desvaux,  author  of  the  Journal  do  Botamque,  &c. 
Don.  prod.  for.  Nep.  —  D.   Don,   author  of  the   Prodromus  Flora? 

Nepaulonsis. 
Dons  IV  ill  —  G.  Don,  antbor  of  an  edition  of  Miller's  Dictionary. 

Dun.  —  M.  F.  Duual,  author  of  a  Monograph  of  the  Family  of 
Anonas  and  other  Memoirs. 

Gtertn.  ft.  —  Jos.  Gaortner,  who  wrote  a  work  De  Fiuctibus  et  Se- 
mnnbufc.  Plantar  um,  in  2  vols.  4  to, 


SV  PRINCIPAL  ABBREVIATIONS 

Grah.  —  Dr.  Robert  Graham,   who   described  Dr.  Wallich's  Legu- 

mmosie. 
Hum.  —  Dr.  Fiawis  Hamilton   (formerly  Buchanan)  who  published 

papers  in  the  Linnucan  Society's   'I  transactions   and   elsewhere, 

besides  a  Journey  to  M\sore. 

Jflerb.    Ranis.  ~\          Tliese  allude  to  th<»  names  given 

Khin.  (or  Madras)  \  to  the  plant  in  the  Herbaria  of  the  re- 
lloltlcr.  (  spcctive  Botanists  mentioned  or  to  the 

them. 


(  spcctive  Botanists 
j  species  named  by 


Hook   hot.  7!/7sr.  —  TTookrr's    Bot.micil    Miscellany,    .3  vols.,   after- 
wards continued  und«'r  (lie  title   of  Journal  of  Botany. 

II.  F.  <$•  T.  —  Dr.  .1.  D    Hooker  and  T.   Thomson,   authors   of  the 

Flora  Inched  and  Prdecnr  sores  ad  Fl'>ram  liidicam  in  the  Journal 

oi  the  Proceedings  of  the  Linnaean  Society. 
Jack  —  Di.  \V.  Jack,  author  ot  \aluable  papers  in  the  L.  S.  Trans- 

actions. 
Jacq.  —  Piofpssnr  N.  V.  von  Jacquin,  author  of  leones  Plantaruni 

Hanoi  um  and  oiher  works. 
Ass  —  Bi  inard  do  Jussieu,  author  of  Genera  Plantarum  and  Adrian 

de  Jussieu,  who  elaborated  several  Natural  Orders. 
Koen  —  J.  (*    Kocnia;,  one  of  the  earliest  of  Indian  scientific  Botanists, 

who  w.ts  F  hy.ieian  to  the  Tranquebai  Missions. 
Lam  —  J.  Ji.  M    (]e  T^imarck,  Editor  of  the  Botanical  spchon  of  the 

Kncvclopedie    Methodique.       The    Plates    ciccoinpan\ins   that 

work  are  usually  stykd  Illustrations  dc  Genres  (Law    ill.} 
JSllcr.—  ('.   L.    I/Hentier,   author   of  Stirpes    No\a-    aut    Minus 

Cognitar1. 

/oz/7.  —  J.  dc  Lourk'io,  author  of  the  Vloia  (4<>i  Lindnncnsis. 
yVr.?.  s?/??.  —  C.  H.  Pcisoon,  authoi  of  S\uopsis  Pl,»ntaium. 
Plul  —  Leonard  Plukenet.  whose  works  arc,   PhUo^raphia,  Alma- 

i^estuii)  Iiotani'Mnn,  Manlissi,  and  Ainalthouni. 
Pnir.  —  J.  f-.  M    Poiret,   one  of  the  piincip.ti  writers  in  Lamarck's 

Encyclopedic. 
7>YAr.  Ob*.  —  A.  J.  Retz,    author  of  Fasciculus  Obscivaliunum  Bo- 

tame  arum. 

Rhecdr  Mai—  Rheede's  llortus  Malabancus,  12  \ols.  folio, 
Rocw.  $  Sclinlt  ---.r    J.  Hocn^cr  and  J    A.  Schultcs,  authors  of  the 

Linmri  Sy&tcma  Vepetdbilnirn. 
Roth.nor.  sp.-~\.  \V.  Hoth,    No\aj  Pluntnrum  Species,   Pr;oscr4im 

Indue  Orientals. 
/,\M/>.—  Hoxbuigb,  (Dr.  \V.)  Plants   of  tlic   Coast  of  ToromamH 

Floia  ludica  and  Hortus  Ucngaleubis,  a  (Catalogue  of  the  Cal- 

cutta (irarden. 


USED  IN  THIS  VOLUMK  v 

Humph.  Amb. — Runiplin  Herbarium  Amboynense,  6  vols.  folio. 
y/».  in  Recs*  Cycl.— Sir  James  Edward  Smith,  who  published  some 
valuable  notes  on  Indian  Plants  in  Rees'  Cyclopaedia. 

Spr. — Sprengcl's  Sy sterna  Vegetabilium. 

VahL — Professor  Martin  Vahl,  author  of  Symbolic  Botanicte  and 
Enumeratio  Plantarum. 

Voigt. — C.  J.  Voigt's  Hortus  Suburbanus  Calcuttensis,  8vo. 

Wall. — Walhch,  (Dr.  N.)  late  Superintendent  of  the  Botanic  Gar- 
den of  Calcutta.  His  works  are  Plantae  Asiatics  Rariorea 
and  List  of  East  India  Plants. 

Watp.  Rep.  fy  Ann. — G.  G.  Walper's  Repertorium  Botanicae  Sys- 
tematicae  and  Annales  Botanices  Systematicae,  xi,  vols.,  8vo. 

W,  fy  A. — ^Wight  and  Arnott's  Prodromus  Florae  Peninsula  ladies 
Qrientahs,  8vo.,  vol.  I.  all  published. 

WilU. — Professor  C.  L.  Willdenow,  author  of  Linnaei  Species  Plan- 
tarum  and  other  works. 


ORDER  I.    RANTJNCULACEJE. 

HERBACEOUS,  rarely  shrubby  plants :  leaves  alternate,  or  op- 
posite, usually  divided :  petiole  dilated,  forming  a  sheath  half- 
clasping  the  stem :  sepals  distinct,  usually  5,  generally  imbri- 
cate in  aestivation,  sometimes  valvate:  petals  3-15,  distinct, 
sometimes  wanting:  stamens  indefinite,  distinct,  hypogynous: 
anthers  adnate :  carpels  numerous,  consisting  of  achenia  some- 
times baccate  or  follicular,  1-2-valved :  seeds  albuminous. 

GENUS  I.     CLEMATIS. 
Polyattdri*  Polygynl*.    Sex:  Sy»t: 

Deriv.  From  Klema,  a  vine  branch,  because  most  of  the  specie* 
have  a  climbing  habit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Perennial  plants  with  opposite  simple  or  tri folio- 
late  leaves,  with  a  terminal  leaflet :  involucre  none,  or  calyciform  : 
sepals  4-8,  vdlvate  in  aestivation,  coloured  and  petal-like  :  petals 
\vanting  :  stamens  numerous,  1 -seeded,  terminated  by  a  long  feathery 
tail ;  flowers  pauicled. 

(1)  C,  GOURIANA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  3. — lioxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  670. — W.  & 
A.  prod.  I.  p.  "2. 

Syn.     C.  Indica,  lleyne. 

tingrao.     \Vight' s  Icon.  t.  933-4. — Spicil.  I.  t.  1-2. 

Sphr.  CHAR.  Stem  climbing :  leaves  pinnate  or  bipinnate :  leaf- 
lets ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated,  cordate  at  the  base,  entire  or 
coarsely  serrated :  peduncles  and  achenia  pubescent :  flowers  small- 
ish, white. 

Neilgherries  and  other  mountain  ranges  throughout  India^  My- 
sore. Flowering  towards  the  end  of  the  year. 

(2)  C.  TRILOBA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  8.— W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  2.— Roth, 
nov.  sp.  p.  251. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  climbing :  lower  leaves  simple,  middle  ones 
3-lobed,  upper  of  3  leaflets:  segments  ovate-lanceolate:  young 
branches  and  peduncles  covered  with  silky  down :  sepals  oblong- 
lanceolate  :  flowers  largish,  white. 

Mountains  of  the  Deccan  iu  the  Mawul  district,  flowering  in  Sep- 
tember. 


(3)  C.  WIGHTIANA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  2. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  935.— Spicil.  I.  t  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  climbing,  pubescent :  leaflets  softly  villous 
on  both  sides,  coarsely  serrated,  cordate  at  the  base,  3-lobed,  middle 
one  the  largest,  or  again  divided  into  lanceolate  segments  :  achenia 
very  pubescent,  compressed :  sepals  very  pubescent  on  the  outside : 
filaments  hairy :  flowers  greenish. 

Neilgherries.  Mahableshwur.  Low  hills  in  the  Northern  Cir- 
cars. 

(4)  C.  SMIIACIFOUA.     (Wall) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I,  p.  10.— Wall,  in  As.  Res.  XIII.  p.  414. 
Syn.    C.  Munroiana,    Wight.  —  C.  affinis,  do. — C.  subpeltata, 
Wall. — C.  smilacina,  Blume.— C.  glandulo^a,  Blume. 

Engrav.  Wight's  111.  I.  t.  5.— Wall.  pL  As.  Rar.  t.  20.— Blume 
Bidjr.  I.— Hook.  Bot.  Mag.  No.  4259. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing,  glabrous  :  leaves  simple  or  ternate, 
cordate-ovate,  entire,  purple  beneath  :  panicles  axillary,  many- 
flowered  :  sepals  oblong,  acute*  spreading  or  reflexed,  rusty  brown 
externally  :  styles  long,  feathery :  flowers  largish,  white. 

Khasia  mountains.  Neilgherries.  Travancore  Hills  and  Western 
ghauts.  Flowering  in  September. 

(5)  C.  CADMIA.     (Ham.) 

Ident.    Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  5. 

Syn.    Thalictrum  bracteaturn,  Roxb.fi.  Ind.  II,  p.  671. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing:  leaves  opposite,  2~3-ternate :  leaflets 
cordate,  ovate,  entire :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  1 -flowered,  with 
two  opposite  cordate  bracts  above  the  base :  sepals  5-6,  oblong, 
acutish :  petals  lanceolate,  expanding :  seeds  with  a  sharp  stiff  back : 
stamens  much  shorter  than  the  sepals :  flowers  pale  blue. 

Bengal  and  Assam,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(6)   C.  ACUTANGULA.      ( H.  F.  ty  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches  sparingly  clothed  with  bristly  hairs, 
deeply  furrowed,  ribs  very  acute :  leaves  pinnately  decompound : 
segments  ovate -lanceolate,  rounded  at  the  base  or  cuneate,  coarsely 
serrated :  pedicels  shorter  than  the  leaves,  bibracteate  at  the  base : 
bracts  somewhat  leafy,  3-partite  or  simple :  sepals  oblong,  acutish, 
pubescent  outside,  glabrous  within :  filaments  membranaceous, 
strongly  1 -nerved,  hairy  at  the  back :  hairs  forming  a  thick  fascicle 


above  the  linear  introrse  anthers :  connect! vum  not  dilated  i  achenia 
compressed,  oval,  clothed  with  silky  hairs. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  in  August. 

(7)  C.  MONTANA.     (Ram.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  6.— Dec.  prod.  L  p.  9. 

Syn.     C.  anemoniflora,  Don.  prod.  192. 

Engrttv.    Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  III.  t.  217. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches  glabrous,  rarely  silky :  leaves  long-pe- 
tioled,  tripartite  5  leaflets  ovate,  acute  or  acuminated*  coarsely  toothed 
or  lobed  :  sepals  elliptic  or  ovate,  white,  glahrous  or  hairy  outside : 
pedicels  equalling  or  longer  than  the  leaves  :  stamens  shorter  than 
the  sepals :  filaments  smooth,  narrow-ligulate,  glabrous :  achenia 
silky,  with  long  tails :  flowers  largish,  fragrant. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 
(8)  C.  NUTANS.     (Rvyh.) 

Idcnl.     ftoyle's  111.  p.  51.— Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  tnd.  I.  p.  10. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches  angled,  silky  :  leaves  pinnately  decom- 
pound :  segments  ovate,  oblong  or  lanceolate,  quite  entire,  toothed 
or  variously  lobed :  panicles  many-flowered,  branched,  with  small 
bracts :  sepals  oblong-acute>  pubescent  outside :  filaments  somewhat 
hairy  at  the  base,  filiform  above  the  middle :  achenia  ovate>  com- 
pressed, silky.  * 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  from  July  to  September. 

GENUS  II.     NABAVELIA. 
PolyandHa  Polygynla*    Sex:  sy*t: 

Deriv.     From  Narawatl,  the  Singhalese  name. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Perennial  climbing  plants  with  opposite  leaves 
consisting  of  two  leaflets  with  an  intermediate  tendril :  involucre 
none:  sepals  4-5,  valvate  in  aestivation:  petals  6-12,  linear,  longer 
than  the  calyx :  achenia  several  in  each  flower,  thick  stalked :  seed 
erect. 

N.  ZEYLANJCA.     (.Dec.) 

Ident.    Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  10.— W.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  2. 
Syn.    Atragene  Zeylanica,  Linn.  Roxb*Jl.  Ind*  II.  p.  670. 
Engrav.    Roxb.  Cor,  II.  t.  188.— Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  52. 
SPEC.  CHAR.    Leaflets  broadly. ovate,  shortly  acuminated :  ache- 
nia spirally  twisted,  hairy,  with  a  long  feathery  tail :  leaves  usually 


densely  pubescent  on  the  under  side:  flowers  middle  sized,  yel- 
lowish. 

Southern    Ghauts.      Travancore.      Assam.      Silhet.      Bengal. 
Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  III.     THALICTRtJM. 

Polyjynla.    Sex-  Syih 


Dcriv.  From  Thallo,  to  grow  green,  alluding  to  the  bright 
colour  of  the  young  shoots. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  never  climbing  :  leaves  alternate, 
generally  much  divided  :  petiole  dilated  at  the  base  :  sepals  4-5, 
imbricated  in  aestivation  :  petals  none:  achenia  several,  without  a 
tail,  stalked,  sometimes  furrowed  :  seed  pendulous. 

(1)   T.  GLYPHOCARFUM.       (  W.  $  A.} 

Jdent.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  2. 
Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  48. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Flowers  bisexual  :  leaves  triternate,  fringed  at  the 
base  :  leaflets  wedge-shaped,  glabrous  coarsely  toothed  :  panicles 
few-flowered  :  achenia  stalked,  deeply  furrowed,  terminated  by  the 
hooked  style. 

Neilgherries.  Kbasia  mountains.  Flowering  from  July  to 
September. 

(2)  T.  DALZELLII.     (Hook.) 

Idcnt.     Dnlz.  "Bomb.  ilor.  p.  2. 
fingrav.     Hook.  Ic.  PI.  t.  8;>G. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Height  one  foot  :  leaves  ternately  divided  :  leaf- 
lets large,  rounded,  kidney-shaped,  deeply  cordate,  crenato-lobate  : 
panicle  small,  flowers  in  clusters  :  seeds  oblong,  furrowed. 

East  side  of  Hurry  chunder,  Bombay. 

(3)  T.  CHELIDONII.     (Dec.) 

Idcnt.  Dec.  prod.  t.  p.  11.—  Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Tnd.  I. 
p.  13. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  :  leaves  ternately  decompound  :  leaf- 
lets roundish,  crenato-lobate,  cordate  at  the  base,  glaucous  beneath  : 
sepals  elliptic,  obtuse:  filaments  filiform,  scarcely  dilated  at  the 
apex  :  anthers  mucronate  :  panicles  large,  terminal,  branches  at 
length  elongated,  racemiform,  almost  leafless  :  stipules  of  the  lower 
leaves  large,  adhering  to  the  petioles  :  flowers  long-pedicelled, 
largish,  purplish,  or  often  a  beautiful  purple  :  achenia  numerous, 
dolabriform  long-stalked,  3  -nerved  on  either  side,  and  apiculated 
with  the  straight  or  incurved  style. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  in  July  and  August, 


5 

(4)  T.  FOLIOLOSUM.     (Dec.} 

Ident.  Dec  prod.  I.  p.  12.— Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  tnd.  I,  p, 
16.— Don.  prod.  192.— Royle's  111.  51* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Pol\  gamo-dioecious :  erect,  branched  :  leaver  large, 
supra-decompound  ;  leaflets  very  numerous,  small,  ov.il,  cut  and 
lobed :  petioles  auricled  at  the  base :  sepals  oblong,  obtuse,  5-7- 
nerved,  pale  qreen,  or  brownish- purple  :  stamens  numerous :  fila- 
ments filiform  :  anthers  mucronate :  panicles  much  branched,  leaf- 
less :  bracts  small :  achenia  few,  oval-oblong,  acute  at  both  ends, 
narrowly  ribbed. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  in  August  and  September. 

(,r>)  T.  PUNDUANUM.     (ITall.) 

Idrnt.  Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  II.  p.  26.— Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor. 
Tnd.  I.  p.  18. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect :  leaves  biternate,  lower  ones 
Jong-petioled,  middle  ones  often  irregularly  divided  :  leaflets  larije, 
roundish,  cren  <ted,  somewhat  5-lobed :  petioles  auricled  at  the 
base:  sepals  4,  elliptic-oblong:  filaments  filiform  :  anthers  scarcely 
apiculated :  panicles  terminal,  divaricately  branched,  almost  leaf- 
less :  achenia  numerous,  oblong,  sessile,  furrowed,  with  glandular 
hairs  or  quite  glabrous  and  beaked  with  the  straight  or  hooked  style. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  in  August  and  September. 

GENUS  IV.      ANEMONE. 
Polyanilrla  Polygynla.    SM-.-  Sy*t  - 

Dcriv.  From  Anemos>  the  wind,  as  many  species  are  said  to  in- 
habit open  and  windy  localities. 

GENT.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  with  perennial  root:  loaves  radical, 
more  or  less  cut  or  divided:  scape  when  branched  bearing  involu- 
cres at  each  division  :  involucre  3-leaved,  distant  from  the  flower : 
sepals  5-1 5  :  petals  none:  seed  pendulous. 

(1)  A.  RIVULARIS.     (Ham.) 

Idcnt.     Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  23. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  21. 
Syn.     A.  \Vigbtiana,  Wall.  W.  $•  A.  prod.  I.  p.  13. 
Engrav.     Hook.  Ic.  t.  176. — Wight's  Icon.  t.  936. — Spicil.  I. 
t.  4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Clothed  with  silky  hairs :  leaves  lonp-petioled, 
tripartite:  divisions  deeply  3-cleft  :  segments  deeply  «'Mobed  : 
lobes  irregularly  cut  and  serrated  :  involucral  leaves  deeply  3-cleft: 
divibions  3-cleit :  segments  linear-oblong,  cut  and  serrated :  sepals 


G 

6-8:  achenia  glabrous:   style  hooked,  persistent:  flowers  white, 
purple  outside. 

Khasia  mountains.  Neilgherries.  Flowering  from  May  to 
August. 

(2)   A.  ELONfiAf  A.       (Don.) 

Ident.     Don.  prod.  194. — Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor.  tnd»  I.  p.  25» 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  erect,  glabrous  or  slightly  pubescent :  leaves 
tripartite,  long-petioled :  middle  segment  3-lobed,  lateral  ones  2* 
lobed,  coarsely  cut  and  serrated :  involucres  small,  3-leaved :  pedun- 
cles dichotomous  or  imperfectly  umbellate,  the  terminal  one  without 
involucels>  the  lateral  ones  with  a  small  l-3*-leaved  involucel, 
simple  or  umbellate :  achenia  few,  oval  or  orbiculate*  somewhat 
oblique,  narrow-winged  and  beaked  with  the  short  straight  style. 

Khasia  mountains* 

GENUS  V.     RANUNCULUS. 
Polyaitdrla  Polygynla.    Sex .-  St/sf  .- 

Deriv.  From  Rana,  a  frog,  many  species  being  found  in  moist 
places  where  those  reptiles  live. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  plants,  with  annual  or  perennial  roots  : 
leaves  mostly  radical,  cauline  ones  seated  at  the  base  of  the  branches 
or  peduncles :  sepals  5,  not  free  at  the  base,  deciduous :  petals  5, 
rarely  10:  achenia  ovate,  pointed,  somewhat  compressed:  seed 
erect. 

(1)  R.  RENIFORMIS.     (WalL} 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  3. — Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor.  Ind. 
I.  p.  30. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Ic.  t.  75.— 111.  L  t.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  hairy:  radical  leaves  roundish-ovate,  coarse- 
ly crenated :  lower  scape-leaf  toothed,  narrowed  at  the  base  into 
a  petiole,  upper  ones  nearly  linear :  petals  10-13,  twice  as  long  as 
the  calyx  :  heads  of  fruit  globose :  achenia  oblong,  tumid :  style 
nearly  straight :  flowers  yellow, 

Pulney  Hills.     Neilgherries.     Flowering  in  September. 

(2)   R.  SUBPINNATUS.       (W.  ty  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  4. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Ic.  t.  49. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse,  branched,  hairy  :  radical  leaves  tripartite  i 
lateral  divisions,  sessile,  middle  one  stalked,  all  deeply  3-cleft: 
segments  cut  and  serrated :  petals  twice  as  long  as  the  villous  calyx  i 


heads  of  fruit  globose  :   achenia  roundish,  lenticular :  style  short, 
straight :  flowers  yellow. 

Neilgherries. 

(3)  R.  WALLICHTANUS.    (W.  £  A.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  4. 
Syn.     II.  pinna tus,  Wights  IlL  T.  p.  6. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Ic.  t.  937.— Spicil.  I.  t.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial,  glabrous,  prostrate,  with  a  tendency  to 
root  at  the  joints :  leaves  and  petioles  hairy  :  radical  leaves  trifo- 
liate :  leaflets  3-cleft :  segments  cut  and  serrated  :  peduncles  hairy, 
scarcely  longer  than  the  petioles  :  petals  as  long  as  the  calyx  :  heads 
of  fruit  globose :  achenia  roundish,  compressed-lenticular,  tubercu- 
lated :  style  hooked :  flowers  yellow. 

Moist  woods  on  the  Neilgherries,  flowering  in  May  and  June. 
(4)  R.  SCELERATUS.     (Linn.J 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  34. 

Syn.  Hecatonia  palustris,  Lour.  fi.  Cock.  p.  371. — R.  Indicus, 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  671. 

Enyrav.     Curt.  Lond.  II.  f.  45.— Engl.  Bot.  X.  f.  681. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  1-2  feet :  stem  erect,  very  ramous  above  : 
leaves  glabrous,  radical  ones  petioled,  3 -partite :  leaflets  3-lobed, 
obtusely  cut  :  upper  ones  3-partite:  lobes  oblong-linear,  entire, 
floral  ones  oblong  :  calyx  glabrous  :  carpels  minute,  arranged  on  an 
oblong  spike  :  achenia  oval,  compressed  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Moist  places  in  Bengal,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(5)  R.  AQUATIUS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  26. — Don.  in  Royle  111.  54. 

Syn.  R.  divaricatus  et  fluitans,  Ledeb.  Fl.  Ross.—R.  Pantothrix 
tt  fluviatilis,  A  net. 

Engrav.     Engl.  Bot.  II.  f.  101. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  floating :  submerged  leayes  many-cleft, 
emerged  ones  3-partite :  lobes  wedge-shaped  toothed  at  the  apex : 
petals  obovate,  larger  than  the  calyx  :  flowers  white. 

A  variety  of  this  species  has  been  found  about  Saharunpoor. 

GENUS  VI.    DELPHINIUM. 
Polyandrla  Trlgynia.    Sex:  Systt 

Deriv.  From  Dclphin,  a  dolphin,  from  a  gupposed  resemblance 
to  that  animal  in  the  nectary. 


GKN.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous :  leaves  alternate,  palmately* 
multifid  :  flowers  racemose,  each  pedicel  with  one  bract  at  its  base, 
and  two  between  that  and  the  flower :  calyx  irregular,  the  upper 
sepal  produced  downwards  into  a  kind  of  spur  :  petals  4,  sometimes 
United:  capsules  ibllicular,  1-5  in  each  flower,  distinct,  1-valvcd  : 
seeds  several. 

(1)  1).  ALTISSIMUM.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     Hook  &  Thorns,  flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  51. 
£ngrav.     Wall.  pi.  As,  Bar.  II.  t.  128. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  slender,  hirsute  with  hairs,  branched,  few- 
leaved,  rarely  glabrescent  at  the  base :  radical  leaves  very  long- 
petioled,  sparingly  pubescent  or  somewhat  glabrous  on  both  sides, 
5-7-lobed ;  lobes  broudly-cuneate,  3-lobed  and  sharply  toothed  : 
floral  leaves  subsessile,  3-lobed,  upper  ones  linear  bracteaeform  : 
sepals  oval,  hairy  outside :  posterior  petals  with  a  subulate  spur 
obliquely  angular,  2-toothed,  dark-purple,  anterior  ones  2-lobed, 
hairy  :  racemes  lax,  few-flowered :  flowers  large,  long-pedicelled  : 
follicles  3,  pubescent. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  in  the  autumn.  The  flowers  which 
are  violet-coloured  are  very  icetid. 

(2)  D.  DASYCAULON.     (Frcscn.) 

Idrnt.  Fresen.  Mus,  senkenb.  II.  p.  272. — Dalz.  Bomb.  flor. 
p.  2. 

Srtc.  CHAR.  Stem  branched:  radical  leaves  large,  kidney- 
shaped,  5  lobed :  segments  3-lobed  and  deeply  cut,  caulinc  leaves 
0-oleft:  racemes  lax,  elongated  :  flowers  blue. 

Jooneer,  Bombay.     Floweiing  in  August  and  September. 


ORDER  II.     DILLENIACEJE. 

Trees,  shrubs,  or  under- shrubs,  with  alternate  rarely  oppo- 
site, ex-stipulate  leaves :  sepals  5,  persistent,  2  exterior,  3  in- 
terior :  petals  4,  hypogynous,  in  a  single  row :  stamens  5-10,  or 
numerous,  hypogynous :  filaments  dilated  either  at  the  base  or 
apex :  anthers  adnate,  bursting  lengthwise,  or  by  two  terminal 
pores :  ovaries  definite,  with  a  terminal  style,  and  simple  stigma : 
fruit  of  1-5  distinct  carpels,  or  of  a  similar  number  cohering 
together,  cither  baccate,  or  capsular  and  surmounted  by  the 


9 

style:  seeds  several  in  each  carpel,  or  solitary  by  abortion-,  sur* 
rounded  by  an  aril :  testa  hard :  embryo  minute  situated  at  tfte 
base  of  fleshy  albumen. 

GENUS  I.    TETRACEKA. 
Polygamla  Diceela.    Se*  .-  %/• 

Deriv.  From  Tetras,  four,  and  Keras,  a  horn,  from  the  fourfold 
capsules  resembling  horns. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs,  or  small  trees:  leaves  entire, 
alternate  or  toothed:  flowers  panicled:  stamens  numerous:  fila- 
ments dilated  at  the  apex :  cells  of  the  anther  distinct,  roundish  r 
capsules  3-5,  surrounded  by  the  sepals :  seeds  1-5,  shining,  arillate* 

(1)  T.  RIIEEDII.     (Dec.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  5.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  68. 

Syn.  Calophyllum  Akara,  Burnt.  2nd.  p.  121.— T.  la»vis,  VahL 
— T.  Malabarica,  Lam. 

Engrav.    Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  8.— Wight's  Ic.  t.  70. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  :  leaves  oblong,  quite  entire,  or  with  a 
few  distant  teeth,  glabrous,  smooth  :  nerves  and  veins  rather  pro- 
minent beneath  :  panicle  somewhat  corymbose  :  sepals  4,  glabrous, 
outside,  silky  within,  ciliated  :  capsules  shining,  1 -seeded  by  abor- 
tion :  flowers  whitish,  fragrant. 

Travancore.     South  Ooncans.     Flowering  in  July. 
(2)  T.  ASSA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.    Dec.  prod.  T.  p.  68.— Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  03. 

Syn.  T.  dichotoma,  Blume. — T.  trigyna,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II. 
645. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Scandent :  young  branches  clothed  with  rigid 
hairs,  rarely  glabrescent :  leaves  oblong,  acute  at  both  ends,  remotely 
dentato-serrate :  panicles  3-12-flowered  covered  with  rigid  hairs: 
seeds  black,  shining  :  aril  fimbrieated  with  filiform  segments  cover- 
ing the  seeds. 

Chittagong. 

GENUS  IT.    DILLENIA. 
Poljrandrla  Polyffynia.    Sett  Sytt  • 

Dcriv.  Named  after  Dillenius,  Professor  of  Botany  at  Oxford, 
and  Author  of  the  "Hortus  Klthaniinsis." 


10 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  with  oblong  leaves  :  lateral  nerves  parallel* 
usually  forming  sharp  serratures  at  the  margin  :  petioles  broad  at 
the  base,  half  stem-clasping  ;  stipules  none  :  stamens  numerous  : 
anthers  adnate,  elongated  :  carpels  5-20,  crowned  by  the  styles  and 
stigmas  :  seeds  immersed  in  pulp. 


(1)    D.  PEKTAGYNA. 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  5.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  652. 

Syn.  Oolbertia  Coromandeliana,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  75.—  Wormia 
Coromandeliana,  Spr.  syst.  II.  p.  631.—  D.  augusta  and  pilosa, 
Koxb. 

Enyrav.    Roxb.  Cor.  1.  1.  20. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broadly  lanceolate,  sharply  toothed,  ap- 
pearing after  the  flowers  :  peduncles  from  the  axils  of  the  scars  of* 
the  former  year's  leaves,  several  together,  1  -flowered  :  inner  row  of 
stamens  longer  than  the  others  :  styles  5  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Malabar.    Mahratta  Country.     Assam.     Flowering  in  April. 

(2)  D.  SPECIOSA.    (Thunb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  5.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  76.—  Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  It.  p.  650, 

Syn.    B,  Indica,  Linn.—  D.  elliptica,  Thunb.  Dec  L  c. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  Ill  t.  38,  39.—  Wight's  Icon.  t.  823.— 
Rumph.  Amb.  II.  45.—  Sm.  Ex.  Bot.  t.  2,  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middling-sized  tree  :  leaves  oblong,  serrated,' 
glabrous,  appearing  with  the  flowers  :  peduncles  solitary,  terminal, 
1-flowered  ;  flowers  6-9  inches  iu  diameter  :  styles  and  carpels 
about  20  :  fruit  large,  round,  smooth,  size  of  a  cocoanut  :  seeds 
hairy  :  petals  white  :  anthers  yellow. 

Concans.     Silhet,    Bengal.    Chittagong.     Flowering  in  July. 


(8)   D.  SCABRELLA. 

Ident.    Roxh.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  653. 

Syn.  D.  pilosa,  Ham.  in  Im».  fran*.  XV.  p.  102.—  Colbertia 
jscabrella,  D<w.  prod.  Nep.  226. 

Engrav.    Wai.  pi.  As.  Bar,  J,  t.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  pedaled,  wedge-shaped,  lanceolate,  acutely 
temted,  ribbed,  rigid  with  hairs  on  botfc  sides  ;  flowers  goM*colour<. 
*d,  fragrant  :  carpels  5-7,  verticilled  round  a  fleshy  axis  ;  seeds  few* 

Mountains  eastward  of  Pepgal,  flowering  iu  January. 


11 

GENUS  III.     ACROTREMA, 
Polyandrla  Trigynla.     Sex.  Systr 

beriv,  From  Akros,  summit,  and  Trema,  a  hole,  alluding  to  the 
terminal  pores  of  the  anthers. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  low  plants:  leaves  radical,  oblong- 
ovate,  toothed,  with  rough  hairs  on  both  sides :  petioles  dilated  at 
the  margin:  peduncles  radical,  hairy,  8-12-flowered:  flowers  pedi- 
cellate, racemose :  stamens  15 :  anthers  adnate,  opening  by  pores 
at  the  summit :  ovaries  3,  distinct,  each  terminated  with  a  style  and 
stigma :  ovules  2  in  eadi  cell :  carpels  3,  capsular, 

(1)   A.  COSTATtJM.       (Jack.) 

Ident.  Jack.  Mai.  Misc.— Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  II.  82,-^-Hook.  Sc 
Thorns,  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  63. 

Syn.     A.  Wightianum,  W.  fy  A.  prod.  I.  p.  6. — III.  I.  p.  9. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  sprinkled  with  rigid  hairs,  otherwise  gla- 
brous, dentato-serrate,  pale  beneath  :  petioles  very  short,  auricled, 
sheathing :  scapes  (with  the  pedicels  and  calyxes)  hairy,  flower- 
bearing  above  the  middle  :  flowers  yellow. 

Padenaveram,  in  Travancore, 

(2)  A.  ARNOTTIANUM.     (#.  W.) 

Ident.    Wight's  111.  p.  9.— Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  64, 
Engrav.     Wight's  111.  t.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR*  Leaves  sprinkled  with  rigid  hairs,  obovate,  sharply 
toothed,  cordate  at  the  base,  long-ciliated  and  covered  with  lax  hairs 
on  both  sides  especially  above  the  nerves,  otherwise  glabrous :  pe- 
tioles broad-winged,  sheathing :  racemes  axillary  or  in  the  axils  of 
the  fallen  leaf:  bracts  ovate,  entire  or  2-lobed,  membranaceous, 
brown,  with  lax  hairs,  at  length  nearly  glabrous :  pedicels  with  the 
calyxes  slightly  hirsute  :  flowers  yellow. 

Malabar  and  Co  ur  tall  urn,  flowering  in  August* 

GENtS  IV.     DELIMA. 
PoiyandrlA  Jfttoiftoarnf**    Set:  sy*t. 

DenV,  From  Delimo,  to  file.  The  leaves  are  used  for  polishing 
vyood, 

GEN.  CHAR*  Flowm  hermaphrodite:  eepaU  5:  petals  4-5: 
ovary  solitary,  somewhat  globose,  depressed,  attenuated  into  a  subu- 
late style :  ovules  2-3>  ascending  from  the  base :  follicle  oral,  de- 
hiscing from  the  inner  angle :  seed  solitary,  surrounded  with  a  den-. 
ticulate  clip-shaped  aril. 


12 

(1)  D.  SARMENTOSA.     (Linn.) 

Kent.  Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  61,— Dec.  prod.  I.  p. 
69. 

Syn.  D.  intermedia,  Blume. — Actaea  aspera,  Lour. — Tetracera 
sarmentosa,  Willd.  Roxb.  ft.  Ind.  II.  p.  645.— Trachytella  actsea, 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  70. — Leontoglossum  scabrura,  Hance.  in  Walp. 
Ann.  II.  p.  18  and  III.  p.  812, 

Engrav.    Burm.  Flor.  Ind.  t.  37.  f.  1. — Bot.  Mag.  t.  3058. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  :  leaves  obovate,  oval-oblong  or 
broad-lanceolate,  obtuse  or  acute  with  somewhat  prominent  parallel 
numerous  nerves,  very  scabrous  and  on  both  sides  together  with  the 
branches  sparingly  covered  with  adpressed  hairs,  entire,  somewhat 
crenated  or  serrated :  serratures  mucronate :  sepals  reflexed :  pani- 
cles divaricately  branched,  hairy  or  tomentose,  many-flowered. 

Chittagong.     Silhet  and  Assam. 


GENUS  V.     WORMIA. 
Polyandria  Pentagynia*    Sex:  Syst*. 

Deriv.  Named  after  Olaus  Wormius,  a  famous  Danish  Philoso- 
pher and  Naturalist. 

OEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  coriaceous :  petals  5  :  anthers  adhering 
by  the  base,  linear,  dehiscing  by  pores  at  the  apex,  all  equal  in  size, 
or  the  inner  ones  elongated,  recurved  :  ovaries  5-10,  many-ovuled, 
scarcely  cohering  at  the  axis,  terminated  by  the  long  subulate 
styles:  carpels  at  length  dehiscing  at  the  ventral  suture;  seeds 
arillate, 

(1)  W.  BRACTEATA.       ( H.  F.  fy  T.) 

Ident.    Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor.  Ind.  p.  68. 
t$yn.     Dillenia  bracteata,  Wight. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  358. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  branchlets  and  young  parts  silky :  leaves 
collected  at  the  ends  of  the  branches,  with  frequent  oblique  parallel 
nerves,  glabrous  and  shining  above,  pale  beneath,  pubescent  and  at 
length  almost  glabrous :  racemes  leaf-opposed :  bracts  obovate- 
s path ul ate :  sepals  oval,  silky  at  the  back  :  petals  obovate :  ovaries 
.5 :  follicles  5,  membranaceous :  seeds  obovate :  aril  small,  fleshy ; 
flowers  yellow. 

Balaghaut  mountains,  in  Mysore. 


18 


ORDER  III.    MAGNOLIACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs  with  alternate  coriaceous  leaves:  stipules 
deciduous:  sepals  3-6,  deciduous:  petals  hypogynous,  3-27, 
in  several  rows :  stamens  hypogynous,  distinct :  anthers  adnate, 
bursting  lengthwise:  flowers  solitary,  usually  very  fragrant: 
carpels  several :  ovules  one  or  more,  ascending  or  suspended : 
fruit  consisting  of  several  carpels,  dry  or  succulent,  dehiscent 
or  indehiscent,  collected  upon  a  lengthened  axis,  and  sometimes 
ending  in  a  wing :  seeds  solitary,  often  with  an  aril,  and  occa- 
sionally suspended  by  a  slender  cord :  embryo  minute :  albumea 
fleshy. 

GENUS  I.     MICHELIA. 
Pol} andrla  Polygy nia.     Sex:  Sytt: 

Deriv.     From  Mickeli,  a  Florentine  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  with  entire  petioled  leaves  and  axillary 
flowers :  carpels  arranged  on  a  loose  spike,  2-valved,  opening  down- 
ivards  from  the  apex ;  seeds  several,  externally  fleshy. 

(1)  M.  NILAGIRICA.     (Zenker.) 
Ident.    Wight's  111.  I.  p.  14.— Zenker.  pi.  Ind.  p.  20. 

Syn.  M,  Pulneyensis,  Wight.  III.  I.  p.  14.— M.  ovalitblia, 
Wight.  I.  c.p.  13. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  6.— Ic.  t.  938.— 111.  I.  t.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  elliptic,  glabrous,  acuminated :  stipules 
and  spathes  silky  :  petals  8,  in  two  rows :  stamens  shorter  than  the 
column  of  fructification  :  carpels  1  -seeded,  warty :  ovaries  numerous, 
1-ovuled :  flowers  white,  sometimes  with  a  tinge  of  yellow. 

Neilgherry  Hills,  flowering  during  the  rains. 
(2)  M.  EXCELSA.     (Blume.) 

Ident.  Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  80.— -Wight's  111.  I.  p. 
14. 

Syn.     Magnolia  excelsa,  Wall.  tent.  Flor.  Nep,  p.  5. 
Engrav.    Wall.  1.  c.  t  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree :  branchlets  wrinkled  and  scattered 
with  callous  points :  leaf-buds  brown-pubescent :  leaves  coriaceous, 
acute  or  acuminate,  shining  above,  covered  with  silky  reddish  to- 


H 

mentum  below :  stipulary  areola?  extended  a  little  beyond  the 
of  the  petiole:  flower-buds  subsessile,  densely  covered  with  browrt 
tomentum,  involute  with  many  deciduous  spathes :  sepals  3,  obo- 
vate,  coriaceous :  petals  9-10,  narrow-obovate,  inrter  ones  by  de- 
grees narrower  and  shorter :  carpels  loosely  disposed  towards  the 
rachis,  subsessile  :  seeds  1-4 :  (lowers  white* 

Khasia  hills,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

(3)    M.  LANtJGlNOSA.       (Wall.) 

IdenL  Wall  tent.  Flor.  Nep.  p.  8.— Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind. 
I.  p.  80. 

Syn*     M.  velutina,  Dec.  prod.  T.  p.  79. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Younger  brandilets  tomentose*  new  ottes  with  the 
leaf-buds  and  petioles  densely  straw  or  ashy-tomentose :  leaves  lan- 
ceolate or  oblong:  peduncles  short,  densely  tomentose:  exterior 
sepals  and  petals  narrow  obovate-oblong,  obtuse,  inner  ones  some- 
what narrower,  mucronate  or  acute :  ovary  densely  tomentose  :  style 
filiform :  carpels  arranged  oh  a  spike*  pedicelledj  obovate,  verru- 
cose:  seeds  1-3:  flowers  white. 

Khasia  lulls*  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

(4)    M.  OBLONfGA.,     (Wall.) 

Idcnt.     Hook.  &.  ThomS.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  81. 
Syn*     M.  lactea,  Ham.  Mss> 

SPFC.  CHAR.  Branchlets  minutely  tuberded :  leave's  obovate- 
oblong,  narrowed  at  the  base,  obtusely  acuminated  at  the  apex, 
quite  glabrous  on  both  sides,  shining  above,  pale  or  glaucescent 
below :  flowers  axillary,  very  shortly  ^pedicel  led*  involute  with  many 
spathes:  flower-buds  oblong*  elongated,  glabrous,  brown:  sepals 
and  petals  12,  exterior  ones  narrow-obovate,  interior  ones  lanceolate. 

In  woods  towards  the  base  of  the  tthasia  hills. 

(5)  M.  PDNDUANA.     (H.  P.  %  t.) 

Idenl.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  81* 

Sgn.     Liriodendron  liliiferum,  Roxb.Jt.  Ind.  II.  p.  564. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Lofty  tree)  leaves  oblong,  obtuse  of  acute  at  tile 
base,  abruptly  acuminated  at  the  apex,  glabrous,  paler  beneath  i 
stipulary  cicatrix  almost  as  long  as  the  petiole :  flower-Buds  ovate* 
short-peduncled,  brown-silky :  spathes  2,  mtohicrate,  outer  one 
very  deciduous,  deeply  2*cleft,  apiculated  at  the  fork,  never  leaf- 
besting.:  catpels  loosely  collected  on  an  oblong  spike^  compress*^ 
roundish :  seeds  1-2. 

Khasia  hills,  flowering  in  November, 


GJ3NUS  II.    1LLIC1UM. 
Polyandrfta  Polygynla.    Sea-  Syitt 

Deriv.  From  Illicio,  to  allure,  on  account  of  the  agreeable  aro* 
rnatic  smell  and  taste  of  the  species. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  hermaphrodite:  sepals  and  petals  12-36 
in  many  rows:  stamens  numerous,  anthers'  adnate  :  ovaries  6-15 
apiculated'  with  the  subulate  style  :  ovules  solitary,  ascending  from, 
the  base  of  the  cell. 

(I)  I.  GRIFFITHH.     (ft.  F.  $  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  74. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  10-15  feet:  younger  branches  angled  :  leaf- 
buds  involute  with  numerous  imbricated  scales  :  leaves  elliptic  or 
lanceolate,  acute  at  both  ends,  shining  :  sepals  suhciliated  :  exterior 
petals  broad-ovate,  larger  than  the  sepals,  inner  ones  gradually 
lesser  and  narrower  :  anthers  oval-oblong,  introrse  :  carpels  fleshy, 
12-15  with  an  erect  or  somewhat  curved  beak  :  seed  solitary. 

Khusia  hills,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

GENUS  III.      TALATJMA. 
Poly  andrla  Poly  gynia.    Sex:  Syst- 

Deriv.     The  native  name  in  Guadaloupe  of  one  of  the  species. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  3  :  petals  6  or  more  :  gynophore  sessile  : 
ovaries  2-ovuled  :  carpels  woody  combined  into  a  cone-shaped  fruit, 
irregularly  dehiscing  ;  seeds  pendulous  in  the  cells  of  the  central 
persistent  receptacle. 

(1)   t.  RABANtANA.       (H.  F.  f   T.} 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  75. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  lanceolate,  coriaceous,  quite 
glabrous  :  stipulary  areola  shorter  than  the  petiole  :  peduncles  ter- 
minal, solitary,  1  -2-annulate  :  fruit  oval  :  carpels  irregularly  obo- 
vate,  tuberculated  with  small  pustules  at  the  back,  obtusely  beaked  : 
flowers  unknown* 

Khasju  hill*. 


GENUS  IV. 
tyftntfrift  Poly*ynla.   &*.•  s^t.- 

Jmneat  name  latinized. 

GEN.  CHAR*    Sepali  ft  :  petals  6  or  more  :   gynophore  sessile  : 
or  manyrovuled  :  carpels  somewhat  woody  cohering  among 


themselves  into  an  oval  or  oblong  fruit,  afterwards  looming,  an<J 
longitudinally  dehiscing  in  the  middle  of  the  back* 

(1)  M,  INSIGNIS.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     Blume.  fl.  Nep.—  Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  76. 
Syn.     Magnolia  insignis,  Wall.  tent.  Fl.  Nep. 
Engrav.     Wall*  1.  c.  t.  I.—  PI.  As.  Rar.  II.  t.  182. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  branches  glabrous  :  leaves  lanceolate,  cori- 
aceous, acute  or  acuminated,  glabrous,  paler  beneath  :  stipulary 
areola  equalling  the  petiole  :  peduncle  terminal,  short,  thick  :  flower- 
buds  ovate-oblong  :  sepals  reddish,  oblong,  obtuse  :  petals  9,  of 
various  shapes,  inner  ones  gradually  less  :  carpels  purple,  densely 
compacted  into  an  oblong  shape,  cuneate  towards  the  axis,  tubercu- 
lately  wrinkled  at  the  back  •  seeds  3-6. 

Khasia  hills,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

(2)  M.  CAVEANA.     (H.  F.  ty  T.) 

Tdent.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  76. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  approximated  towards  the  ends 
of  the  branches,  oblong,  rounded  at  the  apex  and  produced  into  a 
short  acute  or  obtuse  acumen,  glaucous  beneath  :  peduncle  terminal, 
solitary,  glabrous  :  carpels  coalescing  in  fruit,  rounded  at  the  back, 
warty  when  dry  with  small  white  tubercles. 

Khasia  hills. 

GENUS  V.    MAGNOLIA. 
Poljnuidrla  Polyf  ynla.    Sex  .-  Syst  .- 

Deriv.    In  honor  of  Pierre  Magnol,  a  French  Botanical  Author, 
GEN.  CHAR.    Sepals  3  :  petals  6-12  :  gyijopbore  sessile  :  ova* 

ries  2-ovuled  :  carpels  coriaceous,  free,  imbricately  spiked,  longitu- 

dinally dehiscing  at  the  back. 


(1)   M.  SFHENOCARPA. 

Ident.    Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  79. 

Syn.  Liriodendron  grandiftorum,  Roxb.  flor.  Ind.  II.  p.  65.— 
Michelia  macrophylla,  Don.,  prod.  Nep.  p.  226.  —  Talauma  Roxbur- 
ghii,  G.  Don.  Gen.  Syst.  I.  85. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  266. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Midding  sized  tree-:  adult  ,  Branches  glabrous, 
younger  ones  ashy-  white  or  tomentose  :  leaves  oblong,  obtuse  or 
scarcely  acute,  coriaceous,  glabrous  <w  slightly  puberulous  beneath  : 
peduncles  terminal,  solitary,  hoary-tomento&e,  'marked  with  many 
approximated  rings  :  sepals  herbaceous  externally  :  petals  thick  4 


ir 

fiesity,  undulated  on  the  margins  :  ovaries  several,  imbricated  into  a 
cone,  beak  ensiform  villous :  carpels  densely  imbricated  into  a  cylin- 
dric  cone,  tubercled  externally,  beak  wrinkled,  laterally  compressed  : 
flowers  large  white,  fragrant,  wrapped  in  several  very  deciduous 
spathes. 

Hills  near  Chittagong.    Khasia.  hills.     Flowering  in  April  anc? 
May. 


ORDER  IT.     ANONACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs  with  alternate  simple,  almost  always  entire 
exstipulate  leaves :  sepals  3-4,  persistent,  generally  partly  co- 
hering :  petals  6,  hypogynous,  in  two  series,  occasionally  united, 
and  forming  a  monopetalous  corolla :  aestivation  valvate :  star 
mens  indefinite,  or  very  rarely  definite,  closely  packed  together 
on  a  torus :  anthers  adnate,  extrorse,  with  a  large  4-angled  con- 
nective :  fruit  consisting  of  numerous  carpels,  succulent  or  dry, 
1  or  many-seeded,  distinct,  or  concrete  into  a  fleshy  mass: 
ovules  solitary:  seeds  sometimes  arillate:  testa  brittle:  embryo 
situated  at  the  base  of  hard  fleshy  ruminated  albumen :  flowers 
green  or  brown,  axillary,  solitary  or  2-3  together,  shorter  than 
the  leaves. 

GENUS  L     LOBOCARPUS. 
Polyandria  Polygynl*.    Sex:  Syit: 

Dew.    From  Lobos,  a  lobe,  or  division,  and  Carpos,  fruit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  tubular,  3-cleft,  persistent,  enclosing  the 
fruit:  carpels  5,  1 -celled,  united  into  a  5 -celled  oblong  cartila- 
ginous fruit,  shortly  5-lobed  at  the  apex :  cells  2<-seeded. 

L.  CANDOLLEANUS.    (W.  %  A.) 

Jdent.  .  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  7. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  short-petioled,  lanceolate,  acuminated,  gla- 
brous :  flowers  1-3-together,  small,  nearly  sessile  in  the  axils  of  the 
leaves:  persistent  floral-covering  externally  pubescent  with  2~dt 
lanceolate  bracts  at  Us  base. 

Peninsula* 


18 

GENUS  H.     UVA&IA, 
Polygynla.    Stx: 


Dcriv.  From  Uva>  a  bunch  of  grapes,  as  the  fruit  grows  in 
cluster*. 

GEN,  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  :  stems  erect  or  climbing  :  pe- 
duncles 1  -flowered,  solitary,  or  several  together  :  sepals  3,  united 
at  the  base  :  petals  6,  in  a  double  row,  distinct  or  else  joined  quite 
at  the  base:  stamens  distinct:  ovaries  distinct:  ovules  arranged 
in  two  rows  :  carpels  baccate,  more  or  less  stalked,  ovate,  oblong 
or  elongated,  indehiscent,  even,  or  very  slightly  torulose,  pulpy 
within  :  seeds  several,  without  aril. 

(1)  U.  ZEYLANICA.     (Linn.) 

.  Idtnt.    Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  88. 

Syn.  U,  Heyneana,  W.  ty  A.  prod.  I.  p.  «.—  -U.  loriaoea,  VahL 
—Guatteria  montana,  Dec.  —  G.  Malabarica,  Dun. 

Engrav.    Bheede  Mai,  V.  t.  17. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  almost  sessile,  oblong-lanceolate,  coria- 
ceous: flower-bearing  shoots  lateral,  leafy:  peduncles  terminal, 
solitary  :  sepals  oblong,  nearly  the  length  of  the  corolla  :  carpels 
aubglobose,  very  shortly  stalked,  pubescent  :  seeds  about  4,  sur- 
rounded by  pulp. 

Malabar  and  Travancore. 

(2)  U.  NARUM.     (Wall) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  9. 

Syn.  U.  Zeylaoica,  Xawh—  Unana  BTamaj,  Dun.  Dec.  prod.  I. 
p.  89. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  II.  t.  10.  —Wight's  111.  I.  t.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub:  leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  gla- 
brous: flower-bearing  shoots  lateral,  leafy:  peduncles  solitary, 
terminal  :  sepals  roundish-ovate  :  petals  equal,  roundish-ovate, 
concaves,  incurved  :  carpels  numerous,  between  ovoid  and  globose, 
glabrous,  slightly  torulose,  long-stalked:  seeds  about  4,  smooth* 
shining,  separated  by  membranous  dissepiments:  flowers  dullish- 
red. 

Malabar.     Travancore. 


(3)  U.  mta»«i«.    (Roxb.) 

Tdtnl.    Roib.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  660.-— Hook.  &  Thorns,  flor, 
I.  p.  100. 

Syn*    V.  Gomtziani,  Atyh>  Dec.  Mem.  p.  27» 


S»BO.  CHARV  Climbing:  young  shtttti  downy.  tart* 
petioled,  from  lanceolate  to  oblong,  downy :  peduncles  lateral,  be* 
tween  the  leaves,  very  downy,  2*flowered :  bracts  large,  downy : 
sepals  3,  downv  :  petals  6,  much  larger  than  the  calyx,  oval,  con* 
cave:  stigma  bidentate :  carpels  few,  pendulous,  smooth,  yellow 
when  ripe :  flowers  small,  drooping,  yellowish*white. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  May. 

(4)  U.  IfACtOJPHYtlA.      (ttoitb.) 

Ident.  Roxb.  ft.  Ind.  II.  p.  668.— Hook.  &  Thorns  Flor,  In<t 
I.  p.  91. 

Syn.  U.  rufescens,  AlpK.  Dec.  Mem.  26. — Guatteria  cordat% 
Dun.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  93. 

Engrav.     Wall.  pi.  As.  Bar.  II.  t.  122. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby :  leaves  oblong,  cordate  at  the  base,  ob- 
tusely acuminate,  often  a  foot  long,  villous  beneath:  branchlett 
clothed  with  rusty  pubescence  :  peduncles  short,  few-flowered  t 
flowers  an  inch  and  a  half  in  diameter,  dullish-red. 

Silhet.     Chittagong.    Flowering  in  July  and  August. 

(6)  U.  HAMUTOIHI,    (H.  F.  $  T.) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  96. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing:  leaves obovate-oblong, narrowed  above 
and  produced  into  a  slender  acumen,  iBembranaceous,  pubescent 
on  both  sides :  peduncles  leaf-opposed,  1-2-flowered  :  bracteoles 
small  in  the  middle  of  the  pedicel :  petals  broad-obovate :  carpel* 
long-pedicelled,  oval-subglobose,  tomentose. 

Behar  mountains  near  Monghyr.     Assam. 

(7)  U.  tURiDA.     (Nook.) 

Ident.  Hook.  &  Thorns.  Fl.  Ind.  1.  p.  101.— Dal z,  Bomb.  Flor, 
p.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub :  leaves  6-9  inched  lobg,  obldng- 
lanceolate,  shining  above,  paler  beneath :  flowers  at  the  tope,  of  thift 
branchless  solitary  or  twin,  luridly  purple,  2  inch.es  in  diameter. 

>    Southern  Ghauts,, flowering, in  Novetnber. 

GBNUS  III.      UNONA. 
Polrandria  Ptolrffmt*.    s*f  Sytt* 

Deriv.  From  tfnot  to  unite,  because  the  stamens  are  united  with, 
the  germen. 

GtK.  C»AR.  Trees  or  shrubs :  peduncles  1 -flowered,  solitary, 
springing  from  a  leafy  or  leafitss  extremity:  sepals  3,  ubited  at  t& 


20 

>ase :  petals  6,  in  two  rows,  or  3,  increasing  after  expansion :  *ta* 
mens  numerous,  distinct:  carpels  elongated,  usually  moAiUforro* 
many-celled,  indehiscents  seeds  numerous,  usually  solitary  in  each 
articulation,  shining*  without  an  aril. 

(1)  U.  DISCOLOR.    (Vahl.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  9.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  669, 

Syn.  U.  Lessertiana,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p ,  90, — U.  Chinensis,  Dec. 
*•— Uvaria  monilifera,  Gaertn. — U.  Amherstiana,  Dec. — U.  biglan- 
<Julosa,  Blume.—U.  undulata,  JFaW.— Desmos  Chinensis,  Lour. 

Engrav.  Lam.  Euc.  t.  495  — Dun.  Anon.  t.  26. — Vahl.Symb. 
II.  t.  36.— Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  t.  265. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  ovate,  or  lanceolate,  somewhat  cor- 
date  at  the  base,  glabrous  above,  slightly  hairy  and  glaucous  belaw : 
flower-bearing  shoots  short,  with  a  small  bract-like  leaf  at  the  apex  : 
sepals  lanceolate,  long-acuminated :  petals  6,  lanceolate,  inner  ones 
smaller  :  carpels  regularly  monilifonn :  flowers  large,  yellowish, 
very  fragrant. 

Circars.     Chittagong.     Western  Ghauts. 

^      (2)    U.  tONGIFLORA.      (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  66.— Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind. 

1.  p.  134, 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  t.  290. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  or  small  tree:  leaves  linear-oblong,  glau- 
cous "beneath,  6-12  inches  long  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary > 
1-flowered:  sepals  3,  reniform,  cordate,  very  minute,  hairy:  petals 

2,  rarely  3,  ensiform,  thick  and  fleshy,  6-8  inches  long :  Carpels 
2-4,  moniliform  :  flowers  pendulous,  yellow- orange. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  April  and  May, 

(3)  U.  DUMOSA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  670.— Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  IndL 
I.  p.  131. 

SPEC.  CtaAR.  Climbing:  leaves  ovate  or  oval,  cordate  at  th& 
base,  downy  beneath :  petals  6,  very  large :  carpels  2-3  jointed : 
flowers  pendulous. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

(4)  U.  DUNALH.     (Wall) 

Ident.  Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  131.— Dalz.  Bomb, 
Flor.  p.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing:  leaves  oblong  or  oblong-lanceolate, 
smooth  on  both  sides  or  slightly  pubescent  beneath:  peduncle* 


21 

tffcittary  and  terminal^  sepals  broad-ovate :  petals  lanceolate,  broad 
*t  the  base :  carpels  1-3 -articulated :  flowers  pale  yellow. 

Conoans.    Chittagong. 

<5)  U.  LAWII.    (H.  F.  $  T.) 

I  dent.  Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind,  I.  p.  132, —Dal  2.  Bomb. 
Flor.  p.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  thinly  coriaceous,  pu- 
beral ous  or  smooth  above,  glaucous  and  pubescent  beneath :  pe- 
duncles slender,  nearly  opposite  to  the  leaves :  outer  petals  long, 
pubescent,  linear. 

Concans.     Malabar. 

(6)  U.  PANNOSA.    (Dais.) 

fdent.    Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  135. — Dalz.  Bomb. 
Flor.  p.  3.— Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  207. 
ifyn.     Uvaria  mollis,  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  2-4  inches  long,  ovate,  lanceolate, 
coriaceous,  sparingly  pubescent  beneath :  flowers  axillary,  subses- 
•ile :  petals  oblong-lanceolate,  villous,  feeling  like  woollen  cloth : 
carpels  5-6,  oval,  obtuse. 

Parwar  Ghaut.    Tullawaree.     Flowering  in  August. 
(7)  U.  PRJECOX.    (H.  F.  f  T.) 

Ident.    Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  136. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  lanceolate  acuminated :  flow- 
ers in  the  axils  of  the  fallen  leaves,  solitary,  lonpish-pedioelled,  nod- 
ding :  petals  linear,  elongated,  somewhat  glabrous, 

Assam,  flowering  in  February. 

CffitfUS  IV-     AftTABOTRYS. 
Polyandrla  Polyfynift.    &*.-  Sytt: 

fim'0.  From  Artato,  to  suspend,  and  Botrys,  a  bunch  of  grapes, 
Alluding  to  the  cirrhiferous  peduncle  which  serves  to  support  the 
fruit. 

GE».  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs :  peduncles  1-flowered,  arranged 
en  one  side  of  short  hooked  branchlets :  sepals  3,  united  at  the 
base :  petals  6,  slightly  contracted  above  the  base :  ovaries  3,  or 
numerous,  distinct :  stigmas  united :  carpels  few,  baccate,  indebift* 
cent,  2-*eeded :  seeds  erect,  without  an  aril. 


22 

(1)   A.  tATOATWL      (Watt.) 

Idenl.     Hook.  &  Thorn*.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  129. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing:  leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  acute  at  the1 
base,  abruptly  acuminated  into  a  long  obtuse  acumen,  quite  glabrous 
on  both  sides :  peduncles  many-flowered :  petals  covered  with  brown 
strig*. 

Silhet  mountains. 

(2)  A.  stiAVEoiKNs.     (Blum*.) 

Ident.  Bl.  Flor;  Jav*  Anon.  p.  68.— Hook.  &  Thorns,  Flor. 
Tnd.  I.  p.  129. 

Syn.     Anona  suaveolens,  BL  Bidjr.  p.  17* 

Engrav.     Bumph.  Arab.  V.  t,  14. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing :  leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  acuminated, 
acute  at  the  base,  glabrous :  peduncles  many-flowered  s  flowt  rs  fas* 
cicled ;  yellow,  fragrant; 

Silhet. 

GENITS  V.      GUATTERIA. 
Polyaitdria  Polygrnia*    #**••  Syti: 

Deriv.     From  Guatteri,  an  Italian  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs :  peduncles  1-flbwered,  springing 
from  an  axillary  or  lateral  leafy  or  leafless  branchlet :  sepals  3, 
united  at  their  base :  petals  6  :  anthers  numerous*  nearly  sessile : 
carpels  distinct,  numerous,  somewhat  baccate,  ovate  or  globose, 
stalked,  1 -seeded* 

(1)    G.  LONGIFOLIA.       (Wall) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  10. 

Syn.  Uvaria  Jongifolia,  Lam*  Roxb.  ft*  Ind.  U.  p.  664.— Unona 
longifolia,  Dun.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  90. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  linear-lanceolate,  acuminated,  undu- 
lated at  the  margin,  glabrous :  peduncles  long  and  slender,  fascicled 
along;  the  lateral  leafless  shoots :  petals  equal,  narrow-lanceolate, 
acuminated,  undulated:  carpels  ovoid :  flowers  small,  green. 

Patna.    Tanjore.    Travancore.     Flowering  in  February. 

(2)    G.  CERASOIDES.       (2>»W.) 

Ident.     W.  8t  A.  prod*  I.  p.  10.— Dec.  prod.  L-p.  93, 
Syn.    Uvaria  cerasoides,  Roxb.Jl.  Ink  II.  p.  666. 
Ertgrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  33, 


23 

STBC.  CNA*.  Tree :  leaves  oblong  or  fcneeolate,  acute,  pubes- 
cent beneath :  flower-bearing  ehoots  almost  abortive,  leafless :  pe- 
duncles solitary,  terminal,  with  cue  or  fcwo  bracts  at  the  base: 
sepals  nearly  as  long  as  the  corolla:  petals  eojia),  oval-oblong, 
thick :  carpels  globose,  on  stalks  nearly  twice  their  length. 

Behar.    Circars.    Tutt  Ghaut,  Bombay.     Flowering  in  February, 

(3)  G.  SUBEROSA.     (Dun.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  10. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  93. 
Syn.     Uvaria  subezosa,  &oxb.Jt.  lud.  U.  p.  6*67. 
Enyrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  1. 1.  34. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  nearly  sessile,  oblong  or  elliptic- 
oblong,  glabrous,  undulated  at ''the  margin  :  flower-bearing  shoots 
leafy :  peduncles  solitary,  drooping :  outer  petals  ovate,  resembling 
the  calyx:  inner  ones  twice  as  long,  oWoog-lanceokte :  carpels 
globose,  mucronate,  on  stalks  about  twice  their  length:  flowers 
small,  greenish- white. 

Bengal.    Assam.    Peninsula.    Flowering  throughout  the  year. 
(4)  G.  KORINTI.    (£>**,) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  10.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  94. 

Syn.    G.  acutiflora,  Wg,U. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  14.— -Wight's  Ic.  t.  398. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub :  leaves  ovate-oblong,  glabrous* 
shining  above :  tower-bearing  shoots  leafy,  s«veraU6tf*ere4 :  pe- 
duncles axillary,  solitary,  pubescent :  petals  equal,  twice  as  long  as 
the  calyx,  with  recurved  margins:  carpels  6-12,  globose* 

Malabar.    Tanjore.    Courtallum. 

(5)    G.  FftAGRANS.       (D<tU.) 

Ident.  Date,  in  Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  206.— Bomb.  flor. 
p,4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  oblong- lanceolate  or  obovate,  4-9 
inches  long,  strongly-nerved :  peduncles  short,  much  branched, 
many-flowered :  petals  narrow -linear,  yellow,  very  fragrant :  carpels 
ovoid,  hoary,  ash-coloured,  long  stalked* 

Jungles  at  Sivapppe,  Warree  country.    Malabar, 

(6)  G.  JBNXINSII.    (ff.  F.  fr  T.) 

Ident.    Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  141. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  much  branched:  leaves  oWong-lanceoIate,. 
quite  glabrous,  acnte  or  acuminate,  rounded  at  the  base,  paler  be- 
neath :  pedicels  axillary,  usually  solitary,  tawny-tomentose,  with  2- 
3-  email  scale-like  bract*  at  the  base  and  bearing  in  the  middle  and 


24 

near  the  apex  a  round  or  oblong  deciduous  bracteole :  sepals  tomen- 
lose  outside :  petals  narrowed  at  the  base :  dink  globose,  tomentose  ? 
carpels  numerous,  oblong,  apiculated,  glabrous,  minutely  granular, 

Assam.    Silhet. 

(7)  G.  SIMIAEUM.    (Ham.) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  142. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  oval  or  ovate,  strongly  ribbed,  quite 
glabrous :  pedicels  axillary,  2-3-fascicled,  naked,  hoary -pubescent  t 
petals  linear-oblong,  obtuse,  inner  ones  longer. 

Silhet.    Assam. 

GKNUS  VI.     SAGERJKA. 
Polyandrla  Polygynla.    &*:  8y*i 

Deriv.     From  Sageeree,  the  native  name. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  3  :  petals  6,  hypogynous,  distinct,  in  two 
series,  thick,  fleshy,  concave,  imbricate  in  aestivation :  stamens  12, 
in  two  rows :  filaments  none :  anthers  2-celled :  cells  linear,  dehis- 
cing lengthwise :  ovaries  3-5,  linear,  sessile  at  the  apex  of  a  convex 
receptacle,  1 -eel led:  ovules  10,  in  two  rows  :  stigmas  sessile :  car- 
pels globose,  glabrous,  6-seeded,  size  of  a  cherry. 

(1)  8.  LAURINA.    (Dale.) 

'  Ident.    Dalz.  in  Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  207. — Bomb.  Flor.  p.  2. 

Syn.     Guatteria  laurifplia,  J.  Grah,  Cat. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middling- sized  tree  :  leaves  5-7  inches  long* 
linear-oblong,  shining  above:  peduncles  axillary,  3-5-fascicled ; 
carpels  globose  :  flowers  white. 

Concans.     Flowering  in  October  and  November. 

GENUS  VII.     GONIOTHALAMUS. 

PoljfUldrUl  Polyffyilla.     Sex:  Sytt: 

Deriv.  From  Gonia,  an  angle,  and  Thalamos,  a  receptacle,  in 
allusion  to  the  structure  of  that  part  of  the  flower* 

GEN.  CHAR.  Small  trees  or  shrubs :  leaves  with  the  veins  con* 
npicuously  connected  by  loops  near  the  margin :  peduncles  axillary 
or  supra-axillary,  1 -flowered :  sepals  3 :  petals  6,  valvate  in  aestiva- 
tion, outer  ones  thickly  coriaceous,  inner  ones  with  broad  claws, 
thickly  coriaceous,  with  th*  lamina  incurved  and  cohering  into  a 
conical  mitre :  connect!  vuna  produced  beyond  the  2-celled  linear- 
oblong  anthers  into  an  oval  or  capitate  process :  disk  slightly  elevat-* 


25 

eel,  truncated,  often  excavated  in  the  middle :  ovaries  indefinite! 
linear-oblong,  strigose,  2-ovuled  :  ovules  nestling  in  mucilage  :  style 
often  elongated,  furrowed  within  :  carpels  oblong  :  seed  solitary. 

(1)0.  WIOHTXI.     (H.  F.  f  T.) 

Idf.nt.     Hook,  8c  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  106. 

SPKC.  CHAR.  Tr*e(?)  young  branehlets  brown-pubescent:  leaves 
lanceolate,  pale  beneath,  glabrous,  very  minutely  pellucid-dotted ; 
peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  furnished  at  the  base  with  several  ob- 
long bracts  and  a  small  round  bracteole  above  the  middle  :  sepals 
scarcely  acute,  puberulous  outside :  petals  oval  or  ovate,  obtuse, 
shortly  and  broadly  clawed,  marked  at  the  base  within  with  an  ob- 
long areola,  brownish-silky  on  both  sides  :  inner  ones  ovate,  broadly 
unguiculate,  coalescing  into  a  mitre,  the  laminae  broadly  trapeznid, 
brownish-silky  without,  silky  within  towards  the  apex,  otherwise 
glabrous :  disk  truncated :  ovaries  densely  clothed  with  golden  stri- 
gae,  longer  by  halt'  than  the  oblong  style  which  is  dilated  at  the 
apex  :  carpels  crowned  with  the  persistent  calyx,  dark-brown,  gla- 
brous. 

Courtallum  mountains. 

(2)  G.  TIIWAITESII.     (//.  F.  $-  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  106. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  oblong,  shortly  and  obtusely  acuminated: 
peduncles  axillary,  with  many  small  scale-like  bracts  at  the  base : 
sepals  broad-ovate,  persistent  in  fruit ;  outer  petals  ovate-lanceo- 
late, narrowed  at  the  base  into  a  short  broad  claw,  inner  ones  form- 
ing an  ovate  acute  mitre :  ovaries  linear-oblong,  strigose  :  style  sub- 
ulate, disk  smooth:  carpels  numerous  or  few  by  abortion,  very 
shortly-pedicelled,  oval,  obtuse  at  both  ends. 

Courtallum  mountains. 

(3)    G.  CARDIOPETALCS.       (H.  F.  «§•    T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  8c  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  107. 
Syn.     Polyalthia  cardiopetala,  Dalx.  in  Hook.  Journ.  Sot.  If.  p. 
39. — Uvaria  obovata,  Hcyne. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree:  leaves  ovate-oblong  or  linear-oblong, 
acute  at  the  base,  abruptly  acuminated  at  the  apex,  waved  at  the 
margin :  peduncles  supra-axillary,  1-3,  shorter  than  the  petiole  : 
sepals  reniform-rounded,  very  short,  velvety-puberulous :  outer 
petals  oval,  tomentose  on  both  sides,  inner  ones  combining  into  an 
oval  mitre:  ovaries  linear-oblong,  with  a  style  of  equal  length. 

Mountains  in  Canara,  flowering  in  April. 

(4)   G.  SESQUIPEDAIIS.       (H.  F.  &  T .) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  108. 

Syn.  Guatteria  sesquipedalis,  Wall.  PL  As.  Ear.  vol.  II I*-— * 
G,  macrophylla,  Alph.  Dec.  Mem.  p.  42.  (not  Blume.) 


26 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  2-4-feet:  leaves  lanceolate  or  linear-ob- 
long, abruptly  and  obtusely  acuminated,  quite  glabrous  :  peduncles 
supra-axillary,  shorter  than  the  petiole  ;  outer  petals  oblong,  long- 
acuminated,  obscurely  keeled  within  and  marked  with  an  oblong 
tomentose  scar  at  the  base,  inner  ones  combined  into  an  elongated 
mitre,  pubescent  outside  and  densely  silky  within  :  disk  truncated  ; 
ovaries  linear,  densely  clothed  with  golden  strigae,  furrowed  within : 
style  cylindrical,  recurved :  carpels  8-10,  or  less  by  abortion,  oval, 
mucronate  at  the  apex,  minutely  granulated. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

(5)  G.  SIMONSII.     (//.  F.  $  T.) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  108. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  erect  tree  :  young  branchlets  rusty-tomen- 
tose  :  leaves  linear-oblong  or  narrow  obovate-oblong,  paler  beneath 
and  with  the  petiole  and  nerves  rusty- tomentose  :  peduncles  axil- 
lary, shorter  than  the  petiole,  furnished  with  oblong  bracteoles  at 
the  base :  sepals  pubescent :  outer  petals  oblong-lanceolate,  densely 
pubescent,  inner  ones  combined  into  a  tall  densely  tomentose  mitre : 
disk  of  the  fruit  dilated,  depresso-globose. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  in  June. 


GENUS  VIII.      SACCOPETALUM. 
Polyandria  Polygynia.     Sex:  Syst: 

Dcriv.     From  Saccus,  a  bag,  and  Petalon,  a  petal. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  3,  small :  petals  6,  outtr  ones  nearly  agree** 
ing  with  the  sepals,  inner  ones  much  larger,  velvety,  cohering  by  the 
margins,  afterwards  free,  saccate  at  the  base :  disk  somewhat  glo- 
bose :  stamens  in  many  rows :  anthers  subse&sile,  dorsal,  2-celled, 
apical  a  ted  with  a  counectivum  :  ovaries  oval-oblong :  ovules  6  or 
more  in  two  rows. 

(1)    Sf  LONGIFLORUM.       (H.  F.   $   T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  151. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  branchlets  wrinkled,  young  parts  pubes- 
cent :  leaves  oval-oblong,  acuminated,  glabrous  above,  puberulous 
beneath :  sepals  oblong :  inner  petals  oblong-lanceolate,  obtuse,  pu- 
berulous, somewhat  saccate  at  the  base  :  disk  densely  covered  with 
white  villi:  ovaries  numerous,  strigose:  ovules  about  10:  styles 
nearly  twice  as  long  as  the  ovary,  exuding  gum :  carpels  inserted  on 
the  globose  disk,*  subglobose,  slightly  granular,  dark-brown :  flowers 
solitary  in  the  axils  of  the  fallen  leaves. 

At  Purneah  in  TTpper  Bengal, 


ar 

(2)    S.  TOMENTOSUM.       ( H.  F.  f   T.) 

Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  152. 

Syn.  Uvaria  toraentosa,  Roxb.Jt.  Ind.  II.  p.  667. — Dec.  prodt 
I.  p.  88.—  W.  $  A.  prod.  I.  p.  8. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  35. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  oblong,  acute,  pubescent  on  both 
sides :  dower-bearing  shoots  usually  leafy,  1-2-flowered  :  peduncles 
'opposite  the  leaves  and  half  as  long,  very  pubescent :  sepals  trian- 
gular, acute ;  3  exterior  petals  very  small,  torn  en  lose  inside  :  car* 
pels  16-15,  subglobose,  one  inch  long,  fulvous,  tomentose  :  seeds 
about  4,  nestling  in  pulp. 

Circar  and  Western  Ghauts.  Orissa.  Behar.  Flowering  in 
April  and  May. 

GENUS  IX.     AfcPHONSEA. 
Polyandria  Polygynta*    Sex .-  Sytt: 

Deni\     Named  after  Mons.  Alphonse  de  Candolle. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  3,  roundish  :  petals  0,  nearly  equal,  valvate 
in  aestivation  in  two  rows,  ovate  :  disk  deeply  hemispherical  :  sta- 
mens in  many  rows  :  ovaries  1-10  (very  rarely  solitary),  usually 
iforming  a  cone  stretching  beyond  the  stamen,  linear-oblong,  some- 
what angled,  strigosely  pubescent :  ovules  indefinite  >  in  2  rows  : 
style  oblong  or  depressed. 

(1)  A.  LU«:A.     (H.  F.  $•  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  trid.  I.  p.  153. 

Syn.  Uvaria  lutea,  Roxb.  fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  066. — Dec.  prod.  I. 
p.  88. 

Enrjr&v.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  30, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  oblong  or  ovate,  coriaceous  :  flower- 
bearing  shoots  opposite  the  leaves,  leafless,  very  short :  peduncles 
short,  terminal :  petals  much  longer  than  the  Calyx  :  carpels  4-6, 
ovoid,  pubescent :  seeds  3-6,  nestling  in  pulp. 

Circar  mountains.     Silhet.     Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 
(2)  A.  VENTRICOSA.     ( H.  F.  f  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &.  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  152. 

Syn.     Uvaria  ventricosa,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  658. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  ovate-lanceolate,  shining  :  peduncles 
solitary,  nearly  leaf-opposed,  very  short,  bearing  10-15  long-pedi- 
celled  pitcher- shaped  flowers :  bracts  solitary  at  the  base  of  each 
pedicel,  with  a  smaller  one  near  the  middle  :  sepals  triangular  :  ex- 
terior 3  petals  revolute,  inner  3  convergent,  villous  on  the  outside  : 
carpels  4-8,  smooth,  yellow :  seeds  surrounded  by  pulp  :  nWer* 
greenish-white,  fragrant. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  the  hot  season* 


28 

(3)  A.  ZEYLANICA.     (H.  F.  $  T.) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  153. 


fyn.  Uvaria  lutea,  W.  f  A.  prod.  I.  p.  8.  (Excl.  Syn.)—  Guat- 
ieria  acutifloru,  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  lanceolate  or  elliptiolanceolate,  often 
long-acuminated,  coriaceous,  glabrous,  shining  above  :  petiole  and 
rib  pubescent  beneath  :  peduncles  sometimes  leaf-opposed,  tomen- 
tose  :  pedicels  1-3,  pubescent,  with  a  minute  ovate  bract  at  the  base  : 
ovaries  5  :  style  depressed  :  disk  of  the  fruit  large,  globose  :  carpels 
Bubglobose  :  seeds  4-6,  in  one  series  :  flowers  heaped  in  few-flower- 
ed fascicles. 

Cuurtallum,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  X.     OROPHEA. 
Polyatidrla  Ufonoffynta.     Stfs  Sytt: 

Deriv.  From  Orophe,  the  top  of  anything,  alluding  to  the  cohe- 
sion of  the  petals  at  the  apex* 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs,  with  axillary,  fascicled  or  cymoso 
flowers  :  sepals  3  :  petals  6,  valvate  in  aestivation,  outer  ones  oval, 
inner  ones  clawed  j  laminae  cohering  into  a  mitfe  :  stamens  6-12, 
fleshy,  oval,  bearing  a  2-cell?d  anther:  disk  scarcely  convex:  ova- 
rres  3-15,  oblong  or  obovate  :  ovules  2-4  :  stigma  sessile,  capitate 
or  oblong. 

(1)  O.  HEYXBANA.     (H.  P.  $  TV) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  fnd.  I.  p.  110. 

Syn.  iJvaria  Ileyneana,  Wall.  —  U.  lutea,  Wight.  Cat.  —  U.  lutea, 
var.  W.  4-  A.  prod.  I.  p.  8. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  younger  brauchlcts  pubescent  with 
brown  tomentum  :  leaves  ovate-lanceolate,  obtuse,  often  long  and 
narrow  at  the  apex,  quite  glabrous,  pale  beneath  :  peduncles  leaf-op- 
posed, 1-2  -flowered,  slightly  tomentose,  with  small  alternate  bracts: 
sepals  deciduous  in  fruit:  outer  petals  cuneate-lanceolate,  long-acu- 
minated at  the  apex,  puberulous  on  both  sides,  parallel-nerved, 
inner  ones  trapezoid,  acute,  long-clawed,  densely  villous  within  : 
disk  densely  strigose  :  stamens  broad-cuneate  :  carpels  4-8,  furnish- 
ed with  a  very  short  pedicel,  ovoid  or  subglobose,  obtuse  at  both 
ends:  seeds  1-3. 

,     Courtallum. 

(2)    0.  UWJFLQRA.       (H.  F.  $    T.) 

Jdent.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  111. 
SPEC.   CHAR.     Leaves  slightly  coriaceous,  elliptic  or  oblong-Ian- 
sedate,  glabrous,  short-pefiolcd  :    peduncles  axillary,   l.flo\veredr 


29 

jrlender,  bracteated  with  many  scales  at  the  base :  sepals  ciliated  i 
outer  petals  roundish,  inner  ones  trapezoid,  with  the  claw  as  long 
as  the  outer  petal  :  stamens  12,  in  2  rows,  nearly  round :  stigmas 
linear-oblong,  longer  thud  the  ovaries  :  carpels  6,  globose,  davk, 
brown,  glabrous. 

Courtallum  mountains. 

(3)  O.  £EYLANICA.    (H.  F.  f  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  111. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  oval-oblong,  obtusely  acuminated,  younger 
ones  ciliated  with  white  hairs,  afterwards  glabrous  :  peduncles  vari- 
ous in  length,  slender,  often  many-flowered,  solitary  or  fascicled, 
with  minute  bracts  at  the  base  of  the  pedicels  :  sepals  orbicular*, 
tomentose ;  outer  petals  roundish,  pubescent,  hoary  at  the  margin, 
inner  ones  trapezoid,  thickened  at  the  apex,  pubescent  at  the  margin  : 
8tamens6:  ovaries  about  15,  glabrous,  obovate  :  stiema  capitate: 
carpels  globose,  baccate,  smooth,  glabrous,  short-pediceiled. 

Canara. 

GENUS  XL    MITRBPHOBA. 
I*olyandri»  Poly^ynia.    Sex:  Sytt.- 

fieriv.     From  Mitra,  a  mitre,  and  f  horeo,  to  bear. 

GKN.  CHAR.  Trees:  sepals  3,  roundish  :  petals  6,  in  two  rows, 
valvate  in  aestivation,  outer  ones  ovate,  with  some*  hat  conspicuous  ' 
nerves,  inner  ones  clawed  :  laminae  vaulted  :  disk  depressed-conical, 
somewhat  truncated,  slightly  excavated  in  the  middle,  hairy :  sta- 
mens numerous,  oblong-cuneate  :  anthers  dorsal,  remotely  2 -eel led  ; 
connectivum  truncately  capitate :  ovaries  oblong,  glabrous  :  ovules 
numerous  :  sU  le  oblong,  furrowed  within. 

(1)    M.  TOMBNTOSA.       (H.  F.   $    T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorn*.  Flor.  Ind.  1.  p.  113. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  ovate  or  oblong-lanceolate,  acute  or  acu- 
minated, rounded  at  the  base,  partly  hairy  above,  below  with  the 
petiole  tomentose  with  rough  tawny  hairs :  peduncles  leaf-opposed, 
tomentose,  2-4-flowered :  bracta  stem- clasping,  thick,  tomentose, 
deciduous  :  pedicels  bracteolate  above  the  middle  ;  flower- buds  taw- 
ny tomentose  :  sepals  broud-ovale,  acute  :  outer  petals  ovate,  acute, 
inner  ones  broadly  clawed  :  ovaries  glabrous :  disk  tomentoae  :  car-' 
pels  10-20,  broad-ovoid  or  subglobose  with  granular  tubercles. 

Assam  and  Chittagong. 

GEXUS  xn.  MELODOEUM. 

Poly  andrf »  Poly*}  nla.     Sex .  Syit  .- 

Deriv.  From  Mel,  honey,  and  Odort  smell,  alluding  to  the  to- 
grancc  of  some  of  the  species. 


.  CHAR.  Shrubs,  usually  climbing :  inflorescence  terminal 
tot  'teaF-opposed :  flower-buds  triquetrous,  tomentose :  sepals  3t 
more  or  less  combined  at  the  base :  petals  6,  in  two  rows,  valvate 
In  Aestivation,  outer  ones  convex,  inner  ones  triquetrous  above  :  sta- 
mens in  many  rows  :  connectivum  produced  into  an  oval  dr  oblong 
fleshy  process  beyond  the  linear  extrorse  cells  of  the  anthers  :  disk 
con  vex -conical :  ovaries  numerous,  oblong,  many-ovuled  :  styles 
oblong. 

(1)    M.  RUBIGINOSUM.  /  (11.  F.  $  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  116. 
Syn.     Uvaria  rubiginosa,   Alph*  Dec.  Mem.   25. — U'.  nervosa^ 
Wall. 

SPEC.  CttAK.  Climbing :  young  parts  densely  tarwny-tomentose  : 
leaves  oblong,  obtuse^  acute  at  the  apex,  sometimes  narrowed  into' 
*i  short  subulate  acumen,  sparingly  puberUlous  above,  viiloUs  beneath, 
with  minute  tawny  pubescence :  flowers  axillary,  solitary  or  gene- 
rally collected  into  a  5-6- flowered  terminal  panicle,  densely  tawny- 
tomentose :  pedicels  with  1-2  small  ovate  bracteoles  below  the  mid- 
dle :  outer  petals  oval-oblong,  tomentose  outside,  inner  ones  shorter, 
narrower,  concave  from  an  oval  base,  produced  into  a  long  trique- 
trous beak,  ash-prey  at  the  back  :  disk  densely  strigose  between 
the  ovaries :  ovaries  densely  strigose:  carpels  5-10  or  more,  tawny- 
tomcntose  :  seeds  in  two  rows,  separated  by  thin  partitions. 

Silhet.     Chittagong. 

(2)  M.  WALLICIIH.     (//.  F.  b  T.) 

Idenl.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Plor.  Ind.  I.  p.  118. 

Syn.     TTvaria  bicolor,  Wall,   (not  Hoxb.) 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  r  leaves  narrow,  oblong-lanceo- 
late, usually  long-acuminated,  round  ed  at  the  base,  glabrous  above, 
somewhat  puberulous  beneath:  peduncles  leaf-opposed,  very  short: 
pedicels  tomentose,  furnished  with  small  ovate  bracteoles  at  the 
l>ase:  sepals  tomentose  outside:  petals  ovate-lanceolate,  outer  ones 
tawny-tomentose  outside  *  carpels  densely  tomentose  when  unripe^ 
seated  on  a  globose  torus. 

Silhet.     Khasia  hills. 

(3)    M.  VERRtCOSUM.       (H.  F.   £    T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  IIP. 

SPEC.  C«AR.  Climbing :  leaves  oblong  or  lanceolate,  much 
nerved,  shining  above,  somewhat  tomentose  towards  the  rib,  covered 
beneath  with  tawny-pubescence  and  silky-villous  on  the  nerves : 
flowers  1-6  at  the  tops  of  the  branchlets,  lower  ones  leaf-opposed : 
pedicels  tawny-tomentose,  with  many  bracts  at  the  baae  and  1-2 
oval  bracteoles  towards  the  middle  :  flower-buds  broad  :  sepals  broad- 
ovate,  ribbed:  outer  petals  broad-ovate,  densely-tomentose  outside, 
ash-grey  inside,  obscurely  keeled  in  the  middle,  inner  one* 


80* 

triangular-oblong,  marked  with  the  impressions  of  the  stamens* 
triquetrous  above  :  ovaries  covered  with  brown  hairs :  disk  globose : 
carpels  somewhat  globose,  oblique,  irregularly  covered  with  warty 
tubercles  :  seeds  separated  by  cellulose  partitions,  transversely 
wrinkled  and  surrounded  on  the  margin  with  a  prominently- tuber ded 
broad  ring. 

Khasia  hills,  flowering  in  July. 

(4)  M.  BICOLOR.     (H.  F.  fy  T.) 
Idtnt.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor,  Ind.  L  p.  119. 
.   Syn.     Uvaria  bicolor,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  602. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing:  leaves  oblong,  obtuse  or  acute  or  long* 
acuminate  at  the  apex,  tawnj-pubescent  above  and  covered  below 
with  ash-grey  or  tawny  silky  hairs  :  flowers  fascicled :  sepals  ovate; 
outer  petals  ovate-lanceolate,  inner  ones  glabrous  on  both  sides  ^ 
carpels  globose,  short-pedicel  led,  tomentose. 

Silhet.     Assam. 

(5)   M.  POLYANTHUS.      (//.  F.  &  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns,  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  121. 
Syn.     Uvaria  polyantha,  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing,(?)  :  leaves  broad-lanceolate  or  oblong- 
lanceolate  or  linear-oblong,  slightly  pubescent  below  :  petioles  deeply 
furrowed  above  :  cymes  numerous,  leaf-opposed :  flowers  3-7  :  pe- 
dicels very  short,  with  one  bracteole  at  the  middle  and  small  bracts 
at  the  base  :  outer  petals  oval,  inner  ones  shortly  triquetrous  at  the 
apex :  ovary  strigose :  stamens  apiculated  with  the  cuneate-oblong 
process  of  the  connect! vum. 

Silhet.    Assam. 

(6)  M.  RTJFINERVE.     (H.  F.  $•  T.) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  121. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing :  leaves  oblong,  acute  or  obtuse* at  the 
apex,  quite  glabrous,  rufescent  below  in  drying :  flowers  leaf-oppos- 
ed, fascicled,  2-7-together :  pedicels  with  a  scale-shaped  bracteole 
below  the  middle :  sepals  united  at  the  base,  pubescent  outside : 
flower-buds  small,  triquetrous,  silky:  ovaries  many-ovuled:  disk 
convex-conical. 

Silhet. 

GElSTtfS  XIH.     OXYMITBA. 
Polyandrla  Polygynla.     Sex,  Syst: 
Dcriv.    From  Oxys,  sharp,  and  Mitra,  a  mitre. 


30f 

Gzx.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs  :  sepals  3  :  petals  G,  valvate  Ir* 
two  series,  outer  ones  larger,  elongated,  smooth,  thin,  inner  ones 
ovate  or  oblong,  connivent,  sometimes  narrowed  at  the  base  :  sta- 
mens linear-oblong,  truncato-capitate  at  the  apex  :  cells  of  the  an- 
thers  linear,  dorsal  :  disk  deeply  conicai  or  somewhat  truncate  : 
ovaries  oblong,  densely  strigose:  ovules  1-2,  ascending,  with  an 
elongated  cord  :  style  obovate  ;  carpels  1-  seeded. 

(1  )    O.  FORNICATA.       (  H.  F.  f  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  146. 

fly*.  Uvaria  fornicata,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  662.—  U.  Rox* 
burghiana,  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  :  leaves  lanceolate  or  oblong-lanceolate* 
glaucous  above  and  ashy-pubescent  :  nerves  conspicuous  beneath  : 
peduncles  brown-tomentose,  bractented  at  tbe  middle  :  sepals  ovate-' 
lanceolate,  thin,  pubescent  :  outer  petals  pubescent,  inner  ones* 
ovate,  acute,  connivent,  the  margins  broad  and  smooth  above  :  car* 
pels  tawny-tomentose,  narrow-oblong,  mucronate. 

Silhet.     Assam.     Flowering  in  May. 

GENUS  XIV.     MILIUSA. 


GF.N.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary  or 
fascicled  :  flowers  dioecious  or  hermaphrodite  :  sepals  3,  minute  : 
petals  6,  outer  ones  minute,  nearly  agreeing  with  the  sepals,  inner 
ones  -much  greater,  slightly  coriaceous,  valvate  in  aestivation,  after- 
wards cohering:  stamens  inserted  on  a  cyiindric  disk,  covering  the 
whole  disk  in  the  dioecious  flowers  and  imbricated  round  the  ovaries 
in  many  rows  in  the  hermaphrodite  ones  :  anthers  extrorse,  oval, 
somewhat  didymous,  2-celled,  scarcely  apiculated  with  the  connec- 
tivum  :  ovaries  linear-oblong,  terminated  by  the  oblong  style  :  ovules 
1-2,  rdrely  more,  attached  to  the  ventral  suture. 

(1)  M.  MONTANA.     (Gardn.) 

Ident.     Hook,  #  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  14$. 
Syn.     Guatteria  Montana,  Moon.  Cat. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  leaves  ovate,  various  in  size  and  shape  : 
petiole  very  short  :  peduncles  solitary,  with  many  bracts  at  the  base  : 
sepals  acute,  a  half  shorter  than  the  outer  petals,  ciliated  :  petals 
acute,  somewhat  glabrous  :  ovaries  broad  -oval:  disk  covered  with 
white  hairs  round  the  base  of  the  ovaries  :  ovules  2  :  stigma  oval  ; 
carpels  globose,  sessile,  dark-brown,  minutely  granulated,  the  size 
jot  a  pea. 

Malabar.     Mysore, 


so 

(*)  M.  INDICA.     (letch.) 

Ident.  Hook.  &  Tboms.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  148.-— »F.  u.  /i.  piuu. 
I.  p.  10. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  with  tomeritose  branches :  leaves  elliptic* 
shining  above,  pubescent  below  :  flowers,  Ijermaphfodite:  sepals  and 
outer  petals  hoary,  inner  petals  ovate,  pubescent :  ditfk  densely  stri- 
guse:  ovaries  covered  with  white  hairs,  linear- oblong,  usually  2* 
&vuled  :  carpels  numerous,  snbglobosc,  size  of  a  pea,  apiculated^ 
densely  covered  with  grey  ashy  tomentum :  stigmas  oblong. 

Courtallum  hills,  flowering  in  April. 

(3)    M.  WlGHTIANA.       (IL  F,  $    T.) 

'  tdent.     Hook.  &  Thems.  Flor.  Ind..  I.  p,  H9. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree:  leaves  narrow,  oblong- lanceolate  or 
linear-oblong,  obtusely  acuminated,  acute  at  the  base,  glabrous  on 
both  sides:  peduncles-slender,  twice  avlong^  the  fr»*'ery,  furnish- 
ed  at  the  base  with  a  few  remote  scales :  st-pula  and  outer  petals 
remote,  reflexed :  disk  glabrous :  stamens  in  one  row,  longer  a^d 
greater  than  in  other  species  :  o vanes  numerous,  glabrous,  oval-ob- 
long: oVule  1 ,  attached  to  the  ventral  suture:  style  oblong:  car- 
pels globose,  granulated,  glabrous. 

Courtallum  hills,  flowering  in  July  and  August. 

(4)  M.  WAILICIIIANA.     (//.  F.  &  T.) 

Tdent.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  149. 

•SPEC.  CiUn.  Small  tree:  leaves  elongatecf-oblong,  Jong-ncumi- 
Tinted,  glabrous,  shining  :  peduncles  elongated,  furnished  with  many 
linear- subulate  bracts:  flowers  pol \gamo-dicecious:  sepals  and  ou^er 
petals  somewhat  equal,  long-linear,  pubescent :  fruit-bearing  disk 
bearing  the  carpels  at  the  apex,  strigobe  :  carpels  numerous,  trans- 
versely oval,  size  of  a  small  bean  :  seeds  1-2. 

Assam.     Silhet.     Knasia  hills.     Flowering  from  September  to 

November. 

(5)   M.  ROXBURGHIANA.      ( H.  F.  &  T.) 

Idertf.     Hook.  Sc  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  150. 
Syn,     Hyalostemma  Roxburgh ianum,  Wall. — Guatteria  globosa, 
Dec.  mem.  43. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree:  leaves  oblong  or  oblong-lanceolate, 
abruptly  acuminated,  softly  tomentose  below :  peduncles  pubescent, 
furnished  with  2-3  Htiear-iubuUtc  bracts:  flowers 'dioecious,  axilla- 
ry, often  fascicled :  carpels  quite  covering  the  ,ova],  Jomenjtpse  ,dihkf 
furnished  with  long  pedicels,  somewhat  ool'ique  :  seeds'  1-12. 

Assam.     Khasia,     Silhet.     Chittagtng. 


39 

(6)  M,  YEimrrNA.    (H.  F.  fy  T.) 
Tdent.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  151. 

Syn.  Uvaria  velutina,  Dun.  Anon.  91. — Dec.  prod.  l.p.  88.-r» 
U.  villosa,  Roxb.  for.  2nd.  I.  p.  664. — Guatteria  velutina,  Alph. 
Dec.  mem.  42. 

Spec.  CHAR.  Tree,  with  densely  tomentose  branches  :  leaves, 
email,  ovate  or  oblong,  acuminated,  cordate  at  the  base,  densely  vel- 
vety beneath:  peduncles  branched :  pedicels  3-6,  slender,  elongated, 
densely  tomentose,  without  bracts :  sepals  tomentose  :  outer  petals, 
resembling  the  sepals,  inner  ones  broad-ovate,  tomentose  without, 
dark- brown  and  somewhat  glabrous  within :  ovaries  velvety  :  car- 
pels pubescent,  short-pedicel  led,  baccate,  blaek  :  seeds  1-2. 

Western  Bengal  and  Bebar,  towards  tbe  base  of  the  mountains, 
flowering  in  March  and  April. 


ORDER  V.    MENISPERMACES;. 

Climbing  shrubs,  with  alternate  entire  leaves  :  flowers  dioe- 
cious, very  small.  MALE.  Sepals  and  petals  in  several  rows, 
each  being  composed  of  3  or  4  parts,  hypogynous,  deciduous  : 
stamens  monadelphous,  occasionally  distinct,  sometimes  opposite 
the  petals,  and  equal  to  them  in  number,  or  3-4  as  many  :  an* 
thers  adnate.  FEMALE.  Sepals  and  petals  as  in  the  male,  or 
merely  one  sepal  and  one  petal  on  the  same  side  of  the  carpels  : 
carpels  solitary  or  in  whorls  :  styles  simple  or  3-cleft  :  ovule 
solitary  :  drupe  baccate,  1-seeded,  oblique  :  embryo  curved  : 
albumen  fleshy. 

GENUS  I.    ANAMIRTA. 
Dirndl*  monadelpHla,    Sex:  Sy*t.- 

Deriv.    Meaning  unknown. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Twining  shrubs  :  calyx  of  6  sepals  in  two  rows, 
bibracteolate  :  corolla  wanting.  MALE.  Stamens  united  into  a 
cohimn,  dilated  at  the  apex  :  anthers  numerous,  covering  the  apex 
of  the  column.  FEMALE.  Flowers  unknown  :  drupes  1-3,  1-celled, 
1-seeded. 


(1)  A.  COCCULUS. 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  446. 

Sijn.     Cocculus  suberosus,  W.  fy  A.  prod.  I.  j).  11.—  Dec.  prod. 
L  j>.  97.  —  C.  orbiculatus,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  98.  —  C.  lacunosus,  Dec, 


30, 

&.  T.  p.  97. — C.  flavescens,  do.— Menispermam  cocculus,  Linn) 
— M.  orbiculatum,  Zinn. — M.  lacunosum,  Zaro.— -M.  hcteroclitum^ 
#ox&.  HTor*.  #en<7.  />•  105.— Anamirta  paniculata,  Col&r.  in  Linn. 
£  Trans.  XIII.  p.  52. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  1.,  and  XL  t.  62.— Humph.  Arab, 
V.  t.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub  with  a  corky  bark  :  leaves  broadly 
ovate,  somewhat  cordate  at  the  base,  younger  ones  more  "or  less  pu- 
bescent :  flowers  in  lateral  compound  racemes :  drupes  2-3,  glo- 
bose :  seed  globose,  deeply  excavated  at  the  hilum  :  flowers  small! 
greenish. 

Peninsula.     Assam*     Orissa.     Khasia. 

GENUS  II.    COCCULUS. 
Dloeel*  Hexandria.    &*•.•  $y*t: 

Derlv.  From  Coccus,  cochineal,  alluding  to  the  scarlet  colour  of 
the  berries  of  most  species. 

GEM.  CHAR.  Calyx  6 :  sepals  in  two  rows*  with  2-3  braoteoles : 
petals  6.  MALE*  Stamens  0,  opposite  the  petals,  distinct.  FE-, 
AJALP.  Ovaries  3-6' or  numerous  :  drupes  1-6  or  many,  1- celled, 
1- seeded:  peduncles  usually  axillary:  males  many-flowered:  fe- 
males generally  few- flowered,  without  bracts,  or  very  small  ones,  if 
present. 

(1)   C.  MACROCARPUS.      (W.  ty  A.) 

Went.     W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  13.— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  5. 

Syn.  Diplociisia  maerocarpa,  Miers.  in  Taylor's  Ann.  /S«r.  U* 
VII.  42. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  7.— Rheede  Mai".  XI.  t.  62. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  climbing :  bark  wrinkled  :  leaves  round- 
ed or  kidney-shaped,  cordate,  or  truncate  at  the  base,  shining,  quite 
smooth,  glaucous  beneath :  panicles  many-flowered :  drupes  obo- 
vute-oblong,  almost  sessile,  an  inch  ia  length. 

Concan  jangles.    Malabar* 

(2)    C.  VILLOSUS.      (Z>«rt.) 

IdenL    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  13.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  98. 

Syn.  C.  sepium,  Cofe&r.— Memspermum  villo/sum,  Zam.— M^ 
hirsutum,  Roxb.fi.  /n<L  p.  814. — M.  myosotoidts,  Linn^U.  ha$ta«* 
tus,  Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  98. 

Enqrav.     Huk.  U  3S4.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Twining :  leaves  oval-oblong,  villous :  male  pa« 
tiicles  axillary i  not  half  the  length  of  the  leaves,  Branched:  femuleg 


simple,  KD* flowered  :  petals  cuneate-obl&nfr  ernarpinnte-:  mitt  of 
the  drupes  winform,  compressed  5  drupes  dark-purple  when  ripe: 
flowers  small /grtejwfeh-j  el)ov?i 

Peninsula.  Hurdwar.  Behar.  Malabar.  Flooring  hi  the  rairiy 
WMison.. 

(3)(C.  LBABA,    (Dec.) 

Jdmt.  Dec.  prod,  J,  p.  09. — Hook.  &  Thorns,  Flor,  Jnd<  L 
p.  19-2. 

Syn,  C.  Sebatha,  Dec. — C.  cllipticus,  «fo.-~C.  epibateriipm,  <fo. 
— C.  levis,  Wall— C.  tfdber,  W.  #  -*•  prorf.  I.  p.  18.— Menfepejvi 
n^um  Leaba,  Del  p.  AZff.'—M.  edule,  Vahl.-^W.  eNipticuin,  /*<>»>. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining,  glnbrous:  br.mches  tvvi^y,  pendulous: 
leaves  ovnte,  mucronate  ;  male  flowers  rtiunerous,  axillary,  sessile, 
shorter  than  the  petiole,  forming  a  spike  by  the  falling  °i'  the 
leaves:  female  pedicels  usually  solitary,  l^flowetttd,1  as  long  as  the 
petiole  :  petals  roundish-ovate,  concave  :  huts  kidney-shaped,  com* 
pressed. 

Alpine  valleys  In  the  Madura  district.  Coimbatore.  Flowering 
all  the  jear. 

(4)  C.  Mottis.     (Wall) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  193. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  :  leaves  ovate,  actate  or  acuminat- 
ed, coidateor  truncate  tit  the  base,  pubescent  \*ith  scattered  hairs 
above,  soltly  tomentose  below :  peduncles  axillary,  the  males  irre- 
gularly Qymosc,  4-7-flowereiU  with  a  few,filiform  bracts,  the  females 
1-3-flowert-d :  calycine  bracts  2  :  sepals  oval:  petals  emarginates 
drapes  compressed^  pea-shaped :  putamen  keeled  at  the  back. 

Khasia  mountains. 

GENUS  lit     CISSAMPELOS. 
Btceela  Monadelptiia.    Sex:  Syttt 

Dcrh.  From  Kissw,  ivy,  and  Ampeh*,  the  vin^.  The  specie* 
climbing  like  ivy,  with  clusters  of  grape-like  fruit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Twining  bhrubs  with  peltate  or  cordate  leaves  : 
T;>ceit>es  axillary,  of  thg  males  trich,otorriously  branched,  of  the 
female*  hinipie,  hearing  broad  leafy  bracts  with  1  -flowered  pedicels 
in  their  tixil.  MAIK.  Sepals,  4,  in  a  double  h erics,;  corolla  cup* 
shaped :  petals  4  :  stamens  united  into  a  column,,  dilated  at  the 
apex  :  cells  forming  a  4-lobed  ring  round  the  top.  FEMALE. 
Cal\x  of  one  lateral  sepal:  corolla  of  one  petal  in'  front  of  the 
•Bepal:  fcti^niaa  3  :f  drlipe  robli(Jtiely  kidney- shaped:  nut  compress- 
ed: *eed  solitary.-  .  : 


(I)*e.  PARKIRA.    (Knn.) 

Linn.  Sp.  pi.  1473,  —  Hook.  &  Thorn*.  Fior.  Ind.  L  p« 
198.—  Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  100. 

Syn.  C.  orbicuiata,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  101.-—  C,  liirsuta,  do.—* 
0.  C'uapeba,  Linn.  Roxb.Jl  Ind.  III.  ;?.  842.  /Jec.  prod.~+C.  coC* 
culus,  /'oir  —  C.  convolvuiHcea,  TfsZJd.'  JP.  #  A.  prod.  Roxb.  I.  c.-*- 
C.  Mauritiana,  Pet,  'J  houars.  —  G.  tomentobti,  Dec.  —  &.  mierocatpa, 
do.  —  C.  acuminuta,  ftenth*  —  Memtpermum  orbicufetum,  Linn.*- 
Cocculus  orbicuUtus,  Dec. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  pubescent:  leaves  cordite,  more  or  less  ^u* 
Descent  :  male  racemes  3-4,  shorter  than  the  petiole  :  sepals  orbi* 
cular,  clawed  :  corolla  hairy  externally  :  female  racemes  usually  irt 
pairs,  sometimes  solitary  and  forked,  in  flower  scarcely  as  lonp  as 
the  petiole,  in  fruit  often  longer  than  the  leaf:  diupes  hairy  :  flowed 
Very  smaH,  frreenidh. 

Everywhere  throughout  India,  flowering  all  the  year* 

GENUS1  IT.    COSCINIUMi 

Hexandrla*    Sex.-  Syttt 


Deriv.  From  Kodcinon,  a  little  sieve,  in  allusion  to  the  seeds 
being  pierced. 

GtN.  CHAR.  Sepals  6,  roundish,  with  one  br,»ct  of  the  same 
farm:  petals  3,  larger  than  the  sepals,  patent,  elliptic,  slightly  im> 
bricated  in  aestivation.  MALE.  Stamens  6,  outer  ones  free,  innet- 
ones  monadelphous  to  the  middle:  anthers  adnate,  oval,  outer  onee 
1  -celled,  inner  ones  didymous,  2  -eel  led.  FI:M.  Stamens  6,  abor- 
tive: ovaries  3-6,  suhglobose  :  styles  subulate,  reilexed:  drupel 
globose,  fleshy  :  pntnmen  thick,  bonv  :  seed  externally  appearing 
subglobf)se^  within  hollow  and  convolute  round  a  condyliform  pro- 
cess :  albumen  oily,  fleshy,  irregularly  ruminated  :  embryo  neatly 
erect:  ladical  small,  superior  :  cotyledons  very  thin,  round,  irregular 
at  the  margin,  divaricate,  undulated/  ' 

(1)   C.  FENESTRATUM.      (Colebr.) 

Ident.  Colebr.  in  Linn.  Trans.  XIII.  p.  03.  —  Hook.  &  Thorns. 
Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  178. 

Syn.  C.  Wallicbianum,  Miers.  in  Tayl.  Ann.  Ser.  II.  VII.  p, 
&7«  —  Menispermum  tenestratum,  Gaerth'.  /r,'  I.  t.  46;  j.  5.—  Z)ec. 
trod.  I  p.  W&.—Roxb.  ft.  Ind.  III.  p.  809. 

SPEC.  CH  A  R.  Climbing  shrub  :  younger  braneh?ets  densely  hoary* 
;omet)tose  :  leaves  somewhat  cordate  at  the  base,  roundish,  7-9* 
^rved,  hoary  beneath,  younger  ones  oblong-deltoid,  acuminated* 
aeltutc  ;  petiulcs  houry,  twisted  and  diiati-d-at.the  baee:  oapitulfia 


3G 

fascicled  in  the  axils,-  of  the  fallen  leaves ;  flowers  subsestile,  greenf 
yellow-tomentose :  petals  round,  acute,  patent:  drupes  1-3,  sur- 
Wvmded  By  the  calyx  and  persistent  petals,  subglobose,  villous. 

Courfallum  bills,  flowering  in  November. 

GENUS  V.     PARAB.ENA. 
Bioeela  Hexandrla.    Stx:  sy*tt 

GBH.  CHAR.  Sepals  6,  oblong,  nearly  equal :  petals  6,  shorter 
tfran  the  sepals,  cuneately  3-lohed  or  obovate.  MALE.  Stamens 
Uionadelphous :  anthers  6,  combined  into  a  sub^lobose  head,  trans- 
versely dehiscing.  FKM.  Stamens  sterile,  6 :  ovaries  3  :  styles  re-* 
curved:  drupes  oval:  putamen  beaked  above,  ioti#h  at  the  back 
•with  tubercles,  deeply  excavated  in  front:  seed  peltate,  involute 
round  the  internal  process  of  the  putamen  :  albumen  copious,  fleshy  : 
embryo  curved;  radicul,  superior,  long :  cotyledons  ovate,  divaricate. 

(1)  P.  SAGITTATA.     (Miers.) 

Ident.  Miers.  in  Tayl.  Ann.  Ser.  II.  VII.  p.  39.— Hook.  & 
Thorns.  Flor.  In'd.  1.  p.  181. 

Syn.  P.  oleracea,  heterophylla  et  ferruginea,  Mien.  I.  c. — Cis- 
gampelos  sagittut.i,  Ham.  in  Wall.  Cat  — C.  oleracea.  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  :  leaves. at  first  sharply  sinuately* 
toothed,  afterwards  quite  entire,  deeply  cordate  or  sagittate,  5-7- 
nerved  at  the  base,  glabrous  or  slightly  pubescent  on  both  sides  or 
loosely  and  softly  tomentose  below :  cymes  axillary,  usually  twin, 
equalling  or  shorter  th»n  the  petioles,  many  times  dichotomous, 
many- flowered,  with  filiform  biacts  at  the  lamifications:  flowers 
minute,  pale,  pubescent:  petals  obovate-cuneate,  3-lobed  above, 
middle  lobe  eniHr^inate,  lateral  ones  infixed,  sometimes  scarcely 
lobed:  drupes, pulpy,  becoiping  green,  filled  with  viscid  juice,  oval, 
smooth. 

Assam.     Khasia.     Chittagong.     Flowering  in  June  and  July. 

GENUS  VI.     TDTOSPORA. 
Dtocia  Hexaiidria.    Sex:  Syst: 

Duriv.  From  Tino,  to  extend,  and  Spora,  a  seed,  alluding  to  thq 
elongated  seeds. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs,  with  axillary  or  terminal  ra- 
cemes; sepa>  3,  in  two  rows,  the  inner  ones  larger:  petals  6, 
^mailer  tfaun  the  inner  sepals.  MALE.  Stumeus  0 :  filaments  thick, 
club-shaped  at  the  apex  :  authors  2-cellcd ;  cells  obliquely 


36 

FEW.  S  tarn  en  a  sterile,  elavate:  ovaries  3,  seated  cm  a 
Convex  s?yno|>hore :  stigmsis  irreuuturly  cleft ;  drupes  1-S,  convey 
at  the  buck,  fleshy:  putamen  wrinkled,  keeled  at  the  back,  lightly 
excavated  in  the  front :  pudosperm  projected  into  the  hollow,  slightly 
2-lobed,  hollow  within  ;  seed  convolute  round  the  podoaperm  :  albu* 
men  fleshy,  oily,  ruminated:  embryo  somewhat  corHtt:  radical 
superior :  cotyledons  ovate. 

(1)  T.  TOMEXTOSA.    (Micra.) 

tdent.  Miers.  in  Tayl.  Ann.  Ser.  II.  YIL  p.  38.— fiook.  &. 
Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  183. 

Syn.  Cocculus  tomentosus,  CoMr.  in  Linn.  Trans.  XIII*  £>• 
59.— 'Melilspermiim  tonientcuuim,  Roxb.  Jt.  hid.  III.  p.  813. 

Srrc.  CHAR.  Leaves  round-cordate,  repand  or  more  or  less  3« 
lobed,  tomeutose  on  both  sidrs,  especially  beneatl} :  petioles  nearly 
as  long  us  the  leaves,  tomentose :  racemes  solitary  or  fascicled, 
usually  simple:  flcnyers  fascicled  in  the  axils  of  minute  deciduous 
bracts:  tmthers  2-loi>ed :  drupes  1-3,  bize  of  a  large  pea,  subglo* 
bose,  smooth,  orange-coloured. 

In  thiokets  in  Bengal,  flo\\ering  in  February  and  March. 
(2)  T.  MALABARICA.     (Miers.) 

Ident.  Micr5?.  in  Tuyl.  Ann.  Ser.  II.  VII.  p.  38.— Hook.  & 
Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  183. 

Syn.  Menispprmum  Malabaricum,  Wtlld. — Cocculus  Malabo* 
ricus,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  97. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  19. 

SPKC.  CHAR,  Climbing:  young  pnrts  beset  with  whitish  hairs; 
petioles  terete,  thickened  at  the  base,  hairy :  leaves  heart-shaped, 
acuminated,  downy  beneath,  r cubbish  with  hairs  above,  7-nerved : 
racemes  as  long  as  the  leaf:  flowers  green :  ripe  drupes  coral-red. 

Malabar.     Khubia  hills.     Chittagong. 

(3)  T.  CRISPA.     (Miers.) 

Uent.  Miers.  in  Tayl.  Ann.  Ser.  II.  VII.  p.  38.— Hook.  & 
Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  183. 

Syn.  Menispermum  rrispum,  Linn. — M.  verrucosum,  Roxb.  fi. 
Ind.  III.  p.  803. — Coccnlus  crispus,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  97. — C.  co« 
riaceus,  Blume. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing:  young  parts  glabrous:  leaves  oval- 
oblong,  acuminated,  slightly  cordate  at  the  base,  quite  entire  or  ie« 
pand,  glabrous  on  both  sides :  lobes  sometimes  subsagittate :  racemes 
solitary  or  fascicled  at  the  axils  of  the  fallen  leaves,  elongated : 


30 

2-S,  in  the  rtxik  of  a  fleshy  ovate  bratt,  ffcdieelTed,  gteefy 
campanulas  :  Drupes  pale-orange  or  yellow,  sue  of  an  olive. 
Silhet. 

(4)  T.  CORDIFOUA.    (Mien.) 

fdent.  Miers.  in  Tayl.  Ann.  Ser.  II.  VII.  p.  38.— Hook.  & 
Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  184. 

$yn.  Menispermnm  Malabftticttm,  var.  Zrtw.— M.  coTdifolinm, 
Wttld.  Roxb.fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  811. — Cocculuscordifolius,  Dec.  prod. 
I.  p.  97. — JF.  <Jf-  //.  prod.  I.  />.  12. — C.  convolvulaceus,  Dec.  L  c. 

£ngrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  485  and  486. 

.SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing:  bark  corky  and  slightly  warty:  young 
parts  glabrous:  leaves  broad-cordate.,  acute,  or  terminating  in  a 
slender  acumen :  racemes  axillary,  rarely  terminal,  or  solitary  from 
the  axils  of  the  fdllen  leaves,  often  mttch  longer  than  the  leaves, 
simple  or  somewhat  compound  at  the  base:  bracts  subulate,  lower 
ones  rarely  somewhat  leafy:  flowers  yellow,  males  fascicled,  females 
usually  solitary :  petals  cuneate,  triquetrous  or  somewhat  3-lohed, 
afterwards  reflexed  :  drupes  the  size  of  a  small  cherry,  red,  filled 
with  glutinous  pulp. 

Common  in  most  parts  of  India,  flowering  all  the  year. 

GENUS  VII.     TILIACORA. 

Dtoecia  ]Ie*nntli»ia.    Sex:  %/* 

Dcriv.    The  Bengalee  name  l«timzed, 

GEN.  CHAa.  Sepals  6;  in  two  rows  ;  otiter  onea  much  smalttfri 
inner  ones  ov*l ;  cestivotiou  scarcely  unbricattd :  petals  6,  minute, 
cuneate.  M^K*  FilamrnU  cyUndric:  anther*  n dim te  mtrorse,  2- 
celled.  PEM-  0 varies  (M2,  apioulated  with  a  short  subulate  style 
and  seated  on  a  shore  gynophore  :  drupes  pedipelled,  obovate,  LUe- 
tally  subco  in  pressed :  putamen  thin,  woody,  obscurely  ribbed,  fur- 
rowed on  both  sides :  seed  curved  like  a  hook  :-  albumen  oily,  rumi* 
Hated :  cotyledons  fleshy. 

(1)   T.  ACUMINATA.      (JtftVr*.) 

Ident.  Mien.  inTijl.  Ann.  Ser;  H.  VII.  p.  39.— Hook.  & 
Tltoms,  Flor.  Intl.  J.  p.  187. 

Syn.  T.  racemnsa,  Colebr.  in  Jtinn.  Trans* — Menispermum 
aoumiaatntri  et  radi;»tum,  Lann—~M.  poiycarpuml  lioxb.  f,  lqd. 
IJ-i,  fk  816. — Cf>ecuhi8  acjtminattts,  Oe£.  prtod.  J.  j».  99.— W.  $ 
A±  prod  I.  p.  12, — C.  rndmtus,  Dec.  I.  c. 

Elheede  Ma{.  VII.  t.  3.— Delets.  Icon.  sel.  I.  t.  95. 


30 

SPFC.  CHAR.  ,  Climbing  slmib  •  leaves  ovaje,  acuminated,  some 
times  acute  but  more  often  truncated  at  the  base,  rounded  or  sliglitl 
cordate,  undulating  at  the  margin,  glabrous  on  both  sides  :  panicle 
axillary,  scarcely  equalling  or  much  longer  than  the  leaves,  hoar 
or  at  length  glabrescent:  females  somewhat  simple,  1  -flowered 
males  3-7  -flowered  at  the  apex  :  bracts  oblong  or  subulate  •  flower 
yellow  :  drupes  reddish. 

Throughout  India. 

GENUS  TUT.      LIMATIA. 

Dioeria  IIc*.aii«lriu.     .sv.y     fyv/  • 

Deriv.  From  Limav,  a  snail-shell,  alliulinq;  to  the  form  of  th 
nut. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  6,  in  two  rows,  outer  ones  smaller:  petal 
6,  much  less  than  the  inner  sepals,  auricled,  embracing  the  stamen* 
MALE.  Stamens  3-9,  with  cylindric  or  club-shaped  filaments  :  aii 
thers  2-celled  :  cells  adnate,  dehiscing  lengthwise.  FEM.  Stamen 
6,  sterile,  club-shaped  :  ovaries  3  :  styles  short,  compressed  •  drupe 
obovate  or  reniform  :  seed  elongated;  putamen  convex  at  the  side* 
containing  within,  besides  a  seed-bearing  cavity,  2  lateral  empt; 
cells  ;  cotyledons  semi-cyhndric. 

(1)  L.  ruspiDATA.     (H.  F.  b  T.) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Tnd.  J.  p.  189. 

Syn.  Cocculus  cuspidatus,  MW/.-^Hypserpa.  cuspidate,  Mi?r* 
in  Tayl.  Ann.  Ser.  II..  VIL  p<  \0. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  :  leaves  Ov'ate-lahceotate,  acnmi 
nated,  rounded  at  the  base,  ybunger  ones  pubescent  beneath  :  pe 
tioles  thickened  above,  pubescent,  afterwards  glabrous  :•  pamele- 
pubescent,  axillary  or  supra-axillary,  solitary  or  twin,  inserted  on  a 
tomentose  tubercle  ;  males  twice  as  long  as  the  petioles,  sparingly 
branched,  females  simple,  scarcely  equalling  the  petfole,,  ievy^flpwer 
ed  :  drupes  subglobose. 

Silhet.     Khasia. 


GENUS  IX. 

H^xandria, 


Deriv.     From  Peria  around,  and  Kampvlost  twisted. 

(TEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  6,  imbricated  in  two  rows  ;  outer  ones  [ess 
petals  6.  MALE.  Stamrns  6:  anfhers  adnate,  oval,  2-celled  :  cell 
laterally  dehiscing.  FEM.  Stamens  sterile,  6  :  ovaries  3  :  styl 
bipartite  to  the  base,  the  segments  re  flexed  :  drupes 


30? 

Jmtamen  horse-shoe-shaped,  crested  on  the  hack,  laterally  excavated 
on  hoth  sides,  imperforated  •  cotyledons  elongated. 

(1)  P.  INC  ANUS.     (Mters.) 

Ident.  Miers.  in  Tayl.  Ann.  Ser.  II.  VII.  p.  40.— Hook.  & 
Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  194. 

Syn.  Cocculus  incanus,  Colebr.  in  Linn.  Trans.  XHi.  p.  57« 
• — Clypea  corymhosa,  Blume. — Cissampelos  Mauritian  a,  Wall,  (not 
Dec.) — Menispermum  villosum,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  812. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub :  leaves  very  broad,  slightly  cor- 
date at  the  base,  subpeltate,  rnucronated,  sometimes  retuse,  glabrous 
above,  ashy-tomento&e  or  hoary  below,  5-nerved  :  cymes  bi-tricho- 
tomous,  shorter  than  the  leaf,  bracts  bubulate  at  the  ramifications; 
sepals  villous  on  the  back  :  petals  trapezoid,  indexed  at  the  mar- 
gins :  drupes  red :  putamen  marked  at  the  back  with  3  rows  of 
obtuse  tubercles. 

Assam.     Khasia.     Silhet.     Chittagong. 


GK.N'US  X.      STEPHAN1A. 
Dioecia  Jloiiandria.     Sw  Syst  • 

Deriv.  From  Stephane,  a  crown,  alluding  to  the  anthers  sur- 
founding  the  tops  of  the  tilamcnts  in  the  form  of  a  golden  crown. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub.  MALE.  Sepals  6-10,  in  two 
Jrows,  oval  or  obovate  :  petals  3-5,  obovate,  fleshy.  FEM.  Sepals 
3-5  :  petals  as  many  :  drupe  solitary  putamen  compressed,  horse- 
shoe-shaped, tubercled  at  the  back,  excavated  at  the  sides  and  per- 
forated with  a  circular  hole. 

(1)  S.  ELEGANS.     (//.  F.  $  T.) 

*  Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  1.  p.  195. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  deltoid,  acuminated,  truncated  or  cordate 
fit  the  babe,  quite  glabrous :  peduncles  very  slender,  usually  longer 
than  the  petioles :  umbels  many-rayed,  sometimes  twice-divided  : 
gepals  broad-ovate,  acuminated :  drupes  subglobose,  red :  iiowers 
purple  or  green. 

Khasia.    Assam.     Flowering  in  June  and  July. 

(2)   S.  HERNANDiroLIA.       (Walp.) 

Ident.    Walp.  Rep.  I.  p.  96,~-Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Tnd.  I.  p. 
196. 
Syn.     Cissampelos  hernandifolia,    Willd. — Clypea  hernaDdifolia, 


W".  Sf  A.  prod.  I.  p.  14.  —  Cissampelos  discolor,  Dec.  prod.  I*  pJ 
101.-—  C.  hexandra,  jftoo?fc.  /.  /wrf.  III.  p.  842.—  0.  hernandifoliat 
Roxb.  I.  c. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  939.—  Spicil.  I.  t.  7. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  ovate  or  somewhat  deltoid,  acute  or  obtuse, 
paler  and  sometimes  pubescent  below  :  peduncles  axillary,  umbelled 
at  the  apex:  rays  various  in  length,  beset  with-  subulate  bracts,  8^ 
1  2  or  many-flowered  :  sepals  obovate  :  petals  3-4. 

Malabar.  South  Carnatic.  Chittagong.  Assam.  Bengal, 
Flowering  all  the  year. 

(3)  S.  ROTUNDA.     (Lour.) 

Ident.  Lour.  fl.  Coch.  Chin.  p.  747.—  Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor. 
hid.  I.  p.  197. 

Syn.  Cocculus  Roxburghianus,  Wall.  W.  $•  A.  prod.  I.  p.  450, 
annot.  —  Cissampelos  glabra,  Roxb.  fl.  Jnd.  HI.  p.  840.  —  Clypea 
Wightii,  Arn.  in  Wight's  111.  I.  p.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broad-ovate,  obtuse  or  acute,  irregularly 
sinnately-lobed  or  repand,  glabrous,  long-petioled  :  peduncles  various 
in  length,  axillary,  very  slender  :  rays  of  the  umbel  short  or  elon- 
gated, cymose,  beset  with  subulate  bracteolcs  at  the  base  :  sepals  in 
male  flowers  narrow-cuneate,  scurfy  or  puberulous  at  the  back  : 
petals  broad-cuneate,  shorter  than  the  sepals  :  drupes  glabrous  ; 
flowers  largish,  yellow,  fleshy. 

Khasia  hills.  Assam.  Courtallum.  Flowering  from  April  to 
June. 


GENUS  YT.      CYCLEA. 
Ulcecia  jttonaniiria.     -ffcr-  Sy*t: 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs,  -with  panicled  inflorescence. 
MALE.  Sepals  4-8,  combined  into  a  campamilate  calyx  :  petals  as 
many,  more  or  less  combined  :  anthers  horizontal,  equal  in  number 
to  the  sepals,  1  -celled,  transversely  dehiscing.  FJEM.  Sepals  2, 
lateral,  furnished  with  an  anterior  bract  :  ovary  solitary  :  stigma 
deft  into  3-5  subulate  segments,  radiately  diverging  :  drupes  sub* 
globose  :  putamen  horse-shoe-shaped,  variously  tuberrled  at  the 
back,  convex  at  the  sides. 

(1)  C.  BLRMANNI.     (fliers.) 

Ident.     Uook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  201. 
Syn.     Cocculus  Burmanni,  Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  96.  —  Clypea  BurJ 
jnanni,  W.  fy  A.  prod.  I.  p.  14. 


30* 

TSngrav.    Burm.  Zcyl.  t.  lOl'.—Pluk.  t.  24,  f,  6. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  furrowed,  slightly  hairy  or  glabreic'ettt  ; 
leaves  peltate,  long-deltoid,  acuminated,  cordate  at  the  base,  sagit- 
tately-lobed,  densely  pubescent  beneath  :  calyx  inflated,  subglobose, 
ti-8-Iobed  :  corolla  urceolate,  scarcely  lobed  :  panicles  equaling  or 
longer  than  the  leaves,  loosely  branched,  many  -flowered,  pubescent  : 
lowers  somewhat  globose,  slightly  hispid. 

Ooncans,  flowering  in  January. 

(2)  C.  FKI/I  ATA.     (//.  F.  $  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  £  Thorns.  Plor.  Ind.  L  p.  201. 

Syn.  Menispermum  peltatum,  Lam.  —  Oocculus  peltatus,  Dec. 
prod.  I.  p.  06.  —  C.  barbdtd,  \\  'all.—  Cly  pea  JJurmanni,  fF.  $*  A. 
prod,  (ex  patte.) 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VJ1.  t.  49. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Leaves  broad-deltoid,  somewhat  reparrd  at  the 
margin,  nmcronate,  glabrous  tfbove  or  with  a  very  few  scattered 
hairs,  pubescent  beneath  :  calyx  campanulate,  4-lobed  :  petals 
shorter  than  the  sepals  and  combined  into  an  irregularly  4-lobed 
cup  :  panicles  somewhat  supra-axillary,  puberulous  .  males  usually 
longer,  slender,  many-ftowered  ;  females  straighter,  scarcely  equal- 
ling the  leaves,  drupes  renifoini,  laterally  compressed,  hairy. 

Malabar  and  South  Oarnalic.  Assam.  Khasia.  Chittagong. 
JKJoweniig  in  January. 

(3)  C.  roruLiFuLiA.     (H.  l<\  Sf  T.) 
Ident.     Hook.  &  Thoms.  Flor,  Ind.  I.  p.  202. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broad-cordate,  7-9-nerved,  glabrous  above, 
pubescent  with  stiffish  hairs  beneath  :  petiole  pubescent,  thickened 
at  the  base  and  apex  :  panicles  axillary,  tornentose,  many  from  the 
uame  axil:  males  decompound,  many-flowered:  calyx  campanu- 
hte,  4-lobed  :  anthers  peltate,  disk-shaped,  4-celled  ;  sepals  2, 
glabrous,  lateral,  somewhat  cucullate. 


GENUS  XII.     FAOHYGONK. 
Biteeia  lle^audria.    Sex.  Syttt 

Denv.     From  Pachys,  thick,  and  Gone,  a  seed. 

GtN.  CHAR.     Sepals  6,  in  two  rows,  outer  ones  lesser:   petals  (\ 
aunclcd,  a  halt  bhortei   than   the  sepals,  embracing  the  btdmens, 


so. 

Filaiuents  incurved  at  the  apex  •  anthers  subglobose,  didy- 
"nums,  2-celled ,  rudimentary  ovaries  3,  very  small.  FKM  Stamens 
t),  without  anthers,  shortly  clavate :  ovaries  3 :  styles  thick,  hori- 
zontal ;  drupes  reniform,  slightly  excavated  at  the  sides :  seed  horse- 
shoe-shaped. 

(1)  P.  OVATA.     (Mierx.) 

Ident.     Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  203. 

Syn.  Cissampelos  ovata,  Poir.  Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  102. — Cocculus 
leptostachyus,  Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  99. — C.  Plukenetii,  Dec.  prod.  \. 
p.  97.— Jf.  #  A.  prod.  I.  p.  14. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  824  and  825. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub,  much  branched  :  branchlets 
covered  with  yellowish  tomentum  :  leaves  ovate-oblong,  cuneate  or 
rounded  at  the  base,  obtuse  at  the  apex  or  retuse  with  a  mucro,  3- 
5-nerved,  glabrous  on  both  sides,  thickly  coriaceous  :  petiole  white- 
pubescent,  thickened  at  the  apex  and  somewhat  jointed :  petioles 
and  racemes  surrounded  at  the  base  with  a  bundle  of  hairs :  racemes 
slender,  pubescent  or  tomentose,  the  males  longer  than  the  leaves, 
the  females  scarcely  equalling  them  or  shorter:  flowers  minute, 
the  males  fascicled  in  the  axils  of  bracts,  females  solitary  .  inner 
s>epals  oval  or  obovate  petals  acutely  or  obtusely  2-toothed  :  drupes 
somewhat  compressed,  the  size  of  a  pea,  smoothish :  putamen 
wrinkled. 

la  sandy  parts  of  the  Carnntic  near  the  sea. 


ORDER  VI.    BERBERIDACEJE. 

Shrubs  or  herbaceous  plants,  often  spiny :  leaves  alternate, 
•without  stipules :  flowers  racemose  or  panicled :  sepals  3-6,  in  a 
double  row,  surrounded  by  scales :  petals  hypogynous,  either 
equal  in  number  to  the  sepals  and  opposite  them,  or  double  the 
number,  sometimes  furnished  with  an  appendage  in  the  inside 
at  the  base :  stamens  hypogynous,  equal  in  number  to  the  petals 
and  opposite  them :  anthers  2-celled :  carpel  solitary,  1-celled : 
style  somewhat  lateral :  stigma  orbicular :  fruit  baccate  or  cap- 
Sular,  indehiscciit  •  albumen  fleshy  or  horny. 


30 

S  [.     BJBRBKRIS. 
Hexandria  Jflonogynla.    Sex    Syst: 

Deriv.     From  Berbery s,  the  Arabic  name. 

GKN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  .  the  primary  leaves  abortive  and  generally 
changed  into  thorns,  the  secondary  ones  fascicled  in  the  axils  of  the 
others :  sepals  6,  trihacteate :  petals  6 :  stigma  depressed,  sessile, 
or  very  rarely  with  a  style  :  berry  1-9-seeded. 

(1)  B.  riNcioRiA.     (Lesch.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  16. 

Sqn.  B.  aristata,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  106.  Hook,  fy  Thorns.  Flor. 
Ind.  I.  p.  '222. — B,  chitria,  Ham.  Mss.  Don.  prod.  p.  204. — B, 
angustifolia,  Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p*  87- 

Engrav.  Deless.  Ic.  II.  p.  1.  t.  2. — Wight's  111.  I.  t.  8.— -Bot. 
Reg.  t.  729.— Hook.  Ex.  flor.  t.  98. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Spines  deeply  divided  into  three  sharp  segments : 
leaves  oboval,  quite  entire,  or  with  distant,  small,  spiny  teeth, 
p laucous :  nerves  and  veins  prominent  beneath  :  racemes  stalked, 
longer  than  the  leaves  :  petals  distinctly  biglandular  :  flowers 
yellow. 

Neilgherrics.  Pulney  Mountains,  Flowering  from  January  to 
April. 

(2)  B.  LtscntN  vuL'iii.     (Wall.) 

IdenL     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  16. 

Syn.  Mahonia  Nepaulensis,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  109.  Hook.  Sr 
Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  219. — Berberis  pinnata,  Roxb.  ft.  Ind,  II. 
p%  184. — B.  miccia,  Don.  prod.  205,— B.  acanthifolia,  Wall^  Mss. 
Dons  Mill.  I.  p.  118. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  9.  40.— Spicil.  I.  t.  8, — Deless,  Ic. 
seL  II.  t.  4. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  about  six  pair,  ovate, 
slightly  cordate  at  the  base  with  6-8  thorny  teeth  at  each  side  : 
lower  pair  of  leaflets  close  to  the  stem :  racemes  elongated,  slender  : 
petals  with  two  distinct  glands  :  berry  globose,  crowned  with  the 
style  and  stigma  :  flowers  smallish,  bright-yellow. 

Neilgherries.  Khasia  hills.  Travancore  mountains.  Flowering 
from  October  to  March. 


30 

(3)  B.  WALUCHIANA,     (Dec.) 

Jdent.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  107. — Hook.  &  Thorns.  FJor.   Ind.   1. 
p.  225.— Don.  prod.  204. 

Engrav.     Wall.  PI  As.  Bar.  III.   t.  243.— Paxt.  fl.  Gard.  I.  f. 
58. 

SPFC.  CHAR.  Spines  slender  3-5-cleft :  branches  angled  or  deep- 
ly furrowed :  leaves  fascicled,  broadly-orbicular  or  oblong-elliptic 
or  lanceolate,  acuminated  at  both  ends,  variously  and  coarsely  ser- 
rated with  spines  or  sometimes  quite  entire,  shining  on  both  sides 
pedicels  many  aggregated,  short  :  berries  sm.ill,  elliptic-oblong, 
scarcely  pulpv,  terminated  by  the  short  style  and  small  stigma. 

Khas>ia  hills,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 


ORDER  VII.     NYMPK2EACE£!. 

Aquatic  herbs,  with  peltate  or  cordate  leaves :  sepals  4  -f> . 
petals  and  stamens  numerous,  arranged  in  several  rows :  an- 
thers adnate,  opening  lengthwise  :  torus  large,  bearing  numerous 
ovaries  and  carpels,  or  enclosing  them :  carpel*  1-2,  or  many- 
seeded. 

OKXUS  1.      NELUMB1TJM. 
Polyaiidria  Polyyynla.    s*v    Syst  - 

Deriv.     From  Nelumbo,  the  Singhalese  name  of  the  plant. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Torus  containing  within  itself  the  separate  ova- 
ries ;  each  of  the  latter  have  H  simple  style  and  stigma :  nuts  loose 
in  the  cavities  of  the  torus,  ]  -2 -Deeded. 

(I)  N.  SPECIOSUM.     (Witld.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  16.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  113.—  Roxb, 
fl.  Jnd.  Jl.p.  647. 

Syn.     Nelumbo  nucifera,  Gaertn. — Nymphaea  Nelumbo,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  XL  t.  30,  31.— Rumph.  Amb,  VI.  t.  73. 
— Wight's  III.  I.  t,  9. — Bot.  Mag.  t.  903. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  orbicular,  1-2  feet  in  diameter,  peltate, 
paler  beneath,  margins  slightly  waved :  anthers  drawn  out  beyond 
the  cells  into  a  club-shaped  appendage  fruit  turbinate,  flattened 


30- 

at  the  top,  containing  se?e"ial  nuts:   flowers  whi'A  or  rose-col  onrpJ,, 
\(MV  large 

Common  everywhere  in  tanks.     JKlowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GUN  US  IT.     XYMPR/EA. 
Polyaiidria  Polygynla.    Sex:  Sysl: 

Derir.  From  the  Greek  term  for  a  water-nymph,  in  allusion  to 
the  habitat  of  the  plants. 

GEN.  Cut R.  Floating  plants  with  cordate  or  peltate  leaves: 
sepals  usually  4  •  petals  numerous :  stamens  numerous,  inserted 
with  the  petals  on  the  torus,  hut  above  them:  toius  bottle-shaped, 
surrounding  the  ovaries:  carpels  16-20,  many-seeded, 

(1)    N.   STELLATA.       (  Willd.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  17. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  115.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  579.— Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Jnd.  1.  p.  243. 

Syn.  N.  cyanea,  Hoxb.fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  577  — N.  versicolor,  Royb. 
1.  c. — N.  punctata,  Edgew.  in  Linn.  Trans. — N.  Hookeriana,  Leh- 
mann* 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  XI.  t.  27  —Wight's  Icon.  t.  178.— Bot, 
Mag.'t.  2058. — Sim's  Bot.  \Fa^.  t.  1189. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial:  leaves  quite  entire,  margins  waved: 
lobes  diverging  at  the  base :  petiole  attached  within  the  margin : 
stigma  8- 12- rayed:  flowers  blue. 

Throughout  India,  flowering  all  the  year. 

(2)  N.  RUBRA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  17.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  115.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  576. 

Syn.  N.  Lotus,  Linn.  Hook,  fy  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  241, — 
N.  Devoniensis,  Hook.  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4665.— N.  edulis,  Uoxh.  I  c.  p. 
r^s.^N.  puhescens,  Willd.  Dec.  1.  c.—W.  #  A.  prod.  L  c.— N, 
sagittata,  Edgew.  in  Linn.  Trans. 

Engrav.  Wight's  111.  I.  t.  10.— Bot.  Mag.  t.  1189,  1280  and 
1364.'— Rheede  Mai.  XI.  t.  26. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial :  leaves  sharply  toothed,  downy  be- 
neath :  lobes*  diverging:  petiole  within  the  margin-  conncctivum 
not  prolonged  into  an  appendage :  stigma  10-20-rayed  flower* 
large,  intensely  red  or  rose-coloured. 

Throughout  Imlu,  flowering  all  the-  year. 


so 

(3)  N.  PtGMjEA.      (Alt,) 

Ident.  Ait.  Hort.  Kew.  Ill,  293.— Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor,  lad. 
I.  p.  244.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  U6. 

Engrav.     Bot.  Mag,  t.  1525. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Rhizome  woolly  with  white  hairs :  leaves  oblong* 
orbiculate,  quite  entire :  lobes  acute,  diverging ;  sepals  linear-ob- 
JdHg ;  petals  somewhat  longer :  stamens  in  3-4  rows :  filaments 
broadly  dilated  t  rays  of  the  stigma  short,  obtuse,  broad-ovate,  shell-* 
shaped :  flowers  white,  not  fragrant* 

Assam.     Jthasia  hills.     Flowering  in  August. 

GENUS  IH.     EURYALE. 
Polyandria  Poljfynia.    Sex-.  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Euryale,  one  of  the  Gorgons,  alluding  to  th* 
thorny  and  formidable  appearance  of  the  plant. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Leaves  peltate :  sepals  4,  inserted  in  the  torus ; 
petals  numerous,  in  several  rows :  carpels  16-20 :  fruit  appearing 
half  inferior,  from  the  sepals  and  petals  adhering  half-way  up. 

(1)  E.  f  EROX.     (Salisb.) 

Ident.    Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  114.— Salisb.  Ann.  Bot.  II.  p.  73. 

Syn.     Anneslea  spinosa,  Andr.  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  573. 

Engrav.     Bot.  Rep.  t*  618. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem! ess,  floating  plant :  leaves  about  a  foot  in 
diameter,  from  orbicular  to  oval,  entire,  dark-green  above,  with 
rusty-coloured  veins,  armed  with  few  slender  prickles  above,  spi- 
nous  beneath  :  petioles  and  calyx  hispid  with  stiff  prickles  :  carpel 
the  si?e  of  a  pea,  inclosed  within  the  torus ;  flowers  bluish -purple, 
small. 

Chittagong.    Luoknow.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year; 

GBNtTS  IV.     BltASENIA. 
Po|yandrl»  Poljfynla,    Sex;  Syst, 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  3 ;  petals  3,  sessile,  linear,  alternate'  with 
the  Sepals:  stamens  12-T8:  anthers  linear,  laterally  dehiscing: 
ovaries  6-18,  cylindric,  shortly  narrowed  at  the  apex,  afterwards 
somewhat  dilated  into  stigmas  which  are  villous  within. 

(1)    B.  PELTATA.       (Pursh.) 

Ident.    Pursh,  fl.  Bor.  Ann,  II.  p.  389.— Hook,  &  Thorns.  Flor, 
I.  p.  246, 


30 

Syn.    Hydropeltis  purpurea,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  112. 

Engrav.     Bot,  Mag.  t.  1147. 

,  SPEC.  CHAR.  Aquatic  herb :  peduncle  pubescent,  thickened  at 
the  apex  below  the  flower :  sepals  linear-oblong,  pubescent  at  the 
back  with  fleshy  bristles,  concave :  petals  4,  longer  than  the  sepals, 
rose- col  cured,  narrow  linear-oblong,  incurved  at  the  apex  :  stamens 
about  12,  obscurely  2-rowed,  hypogynous:  anthers  linear :  carpels 
10,  2-rowed,  sessile,  linear,  puberulous:  ovules  2,  pendulous:  seed 
targe,  ovoid :  leaves  alternate,  peltate,  elliptic-oblong. 

Khasia  hills,  flowering  in  July  and  August. 


ORDER  VIII 

Herbaceous  plants  with  a  watery  juice :  leaves  usually  alter- 
nate, many-cleft  and  often  ftfrnishe(d  with  a  tendril :  sepals  2, 
deciduous :  petals  4,  craciate,  very  irregular :  stamens  hypogy- 
nous,  opposite  the  outer  petals,  diadelphous,  very  seldom  sepa- 
rate :  ovary  1-celted :  stigma  with  two  or  more  points :  fruit 
either  a  1 -seeded  utricle,  a  2-valved,  2-seeded,  indehiscent  cap- 
sule, or  a  2-valved,  many-seeded  pod ;  seeds  with  an  aril :  albu- 
men fleshy. 

GENUS  I.     FUMARIA. 
Diadtlphia  Hexamtria.    Sex,  Syst* 

Deriv*  From  Fztmus,  smoke,  alluding  to  the  peculiar  odour  of 
the  plants. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Smooth,  branched  herbs:  flowers  racemose:  pe- 
duncles terminal  or  leaf-opposed :  lower  petal  distinct,  linear,  the 
three  upper  united,  the  middle  one  spurred  downwards :  fruit  glo- 
bose, 1 -seeded. 

(1)  F.  PARVIFLORA.      (Lctm.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  18.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  130.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  217. 

Syn.    F.  Vaillantii,  Loisel.  Dec.  Syst.  II.  137. 
Engrav.    Wight's  111.  I.  t.  ll.-*-Engl.  Bot.  IX.  t.  590, 


30 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  1-2  feet  high  :  leavefc  much  divided, 
linear,  channelled:  sepals  minute:  fruit  slightly  pointed:  flowers 
very  small,  pale  rose-coloured,  tipped  with  dark-purple. 

Neilgherries.     Xleccan.     Flowering  in  the  cold  weather. 

GENUS  tt.     CORYDALIS. 
IHadelphla  HexanArla.     Sex  .-  Syst  .• 

Derlv.  Prom  Koryddlos,  a  lark,  because  the  srjmr  of  the  flower 
fesembles  the  spur  of  that  bird. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  2,  deciduous:  petals  4,  the  front  ones 
smodth  o'r  concave,  posterior  ones  gibbous  or  spurred  at  the  base, 
two  lateral  inner  ones  slightly  agreeing  with  the  front  ones  :  the 
posterior  staminal  column  increased  by  a  spur-  shaped  process: 
ovules  many  :  stigma  2-lobed  :  capsules  siliquose,  2-valved  :  seed* 
lenticular,  rostellate,  with  fleshy  aril  or  none. 

(1)  C.  SIBIRICA.     (Pen.) 

Ident.  Pers.  it.  p.  70.—  Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p.  268. 
•—Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  128. 

&yn.  C.  impatiens,  Dec.  1.  c.  —  C.  longipes,  Dec.  I.  r.  —  C.  fili- 
formis,  Royle.  III.  65. 

Engrav.     Watt.  tent.  ftor.  Nep.  t.  42* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  diffuse  :  stem  divaricately  branched  : 
leaves  long-petioled,  variously  cut  :  segments  broad-linear,  or  cune- 
ate-obovate,  3-5-cleft  :  lobes  obtuse  or  apiculated,  quite  entire  or 
2J3-crenated  :  bracts  lobate  or  cut  :  spur  slowly  or  abruptly  ascend- 
ing, with  a  short  or  elongated  appendage  2  silicles  narrow-linear, 
with  shining  seeds. 

Khasia  hills,  flowering  in  June  and  July. 


III.     DICENTRA, 
Hiadefphla  Hexandrla.    Sex:  Syst: 

From  Dis,  double,  and  Kentron,  a  spur. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  2,  deciduous:  petals  4,  free,  saccate  or 
Spurred  at  the  base  :  filaments  free  or  distinct  at  the  base,  cohering 
above  :  the  stamina)  column  increased  at  the  base  by  a  spur-shaped 
process  :  ovules  several  :  stigma  2-lobed  :  capsules  siliquose  or  bac* 
tate  :  valves  linear,  membranaceous,  or  ovate  and  fleshy* 


30 

(I)  Di  TomuiosA.    (fft  F.  £  T.) 
Idtnt.    Hook.  &  Thorns.  Flor.  Lad.  I.  p.  272. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Herbaceous:  stems  climbing,  angled:  leaves 
pinnatisect  i  primary  pinnae  long-petioled,  divaricate ;  pinnul®  few, 
remote,  elliptic,  acute ;  petiqle  often  divided  at  the  ape*  dichoto- 
mously  into  tend  rilled  capillary  branches :  peduncles  leaf-opposed, 
somewhat  umbellately  corymbose :  flowers  pendulous,  golden- 
coloured. 

Khasia  bills,  flowering  in  August. 

(3)  D.  ROTLEI.    (B.  F.  $  T.) 

Ident.     Hook.  8s  Thorns.  Flor.  Ind.  I.  p,  273, 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  decumbent  or  somewhat  climbing; 
corymbs  2-3-flowered :  sepals  ovate-subulate ;  outer  petals  broad* 
•with  a  short  spur,  very  shortly  acuminated  ;  stigma  lunate :  teed* 
in  two  rows,  black  shining. 

Khasia  hills,  flowering  from  May  to  July, 


ORDER  IX,    C&VGIFERJE. 

Annual,  biennial,  or  perennial,  herbaceous  plants,  rarely 
under  shrubs :  leaves  alternate :  sepals  4,  two  narrower  than 
the  others :  petals  4,  cruciform,  alternate  with  the  sepals  j 
stamens  6,  hypogynous,  two  of  which  are  shorter,  solitary,  and 
opposite  the  sepals,  sometimes  toothed ;  the  four  longer  ones 
are  in  pairs,  and  sometimes  furnished  with  a  tooth  inside; 
flowers  in  terminal  racemes,  lengthening  out  after  expansion* 
usually  yellow  or  white,  seldom  purple,  without  bracts  3  anthers 
introrse,  2-celled:  receptacle  furnished  with  glands  between 
the  stamens  and  petals :  ovary  superior,  usually  2-celled ;  fruit 
a  siliqua  or  silicule,  1  or  2-celled,  1  or  many-seeded,  rarely 
indehiscent :  seeds  attached  by  a  funiculus  to  each  side  alter- 
nately of  the  partitions ;  albumen  none ;  radicle  folded  up  oa 
the  cotyledons, 

GENUS  I.     NASTURTIUM. 
Ttfradynamta  Slliquosa.    &#.•  Syttt 
Deriv.    From  Nasus,  the  nose,  and  Tortu$,  twisted,  the  acrid  test* 


31 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  generally  aquatic  plants  :  leaves  often 
pinnate  :  calyx  equal  at  the  base  :  petals  entire,  obovate  :  stamens 
not  toothed :  stigma  2-lobed :  siliqua  sessile,  dehiscing  lengthwise 
usually  curved  upwards,  valves  convex  on  the  outside  :  seeds  seve- 
ral, irregular,  in  a  double  series,  without  a  border :  radicle  applied 
to  the  edge  of  the  cotyledons  :  flowers  yellow  or  white. 

(1)  N.  MADAGASCARIENSE.     (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  19.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  138. 
Syn.     N.  montanum,  Wall. — N.  Gangeticum,  Wall  in  Ham. — N. 
micranthum,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  138. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  13. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  branched :  leaves  lyrate-pinnatjfid,  un- 
equally toothed  :  pedicels  short,  very  patent :  petals  scarcely  longer 
than  the  calyx :  siliqua  much  longer  than  the  pedicel :  flowers 
yellow. 

Neilgherries. 

(2)  N.  BENGALENSK.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  139. 

Syn.     Sinapis  Bengalensis,  Roxb.  in  Herb*  Lamb. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  obovate,  cuneate,  dentate  at  the  apex  : 
siliqua  somewhat  swelling  ;  pedicels  bracteated,  a  little  shorter  than 
the  pod. 

Bengal. 

GENUS  TI.    CARDAMINE. 

Tetradynamla  alliquoaa.    Sex .  Syst  • 

Deriv.  From  Kardia,  the  heart,  and  damao,  to  subdue,  alluding 
to  the  stomachic  quality  of  the  species,  or  else  from  Kardamon, 
a  watercress. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  connivent,  or  slightly  patent,  equal  at  the 
base  :  petals  clawed  :  stamens  without  teeth  :  siliqua  sessile,  linear 
elongated,  compressed,  valves  flat :  style  short,  or  wanting  :  stigma 
nearly  simple :  seeds  in  a  single  series  :  radicle  applied  to  the  edge 
of  the  cotyledons :  leaves  entire,  petioled,  lobed,  or  variously  di- 
vided, often  different  on  the  same  plant.  Flowers  white  or  rose- 
coloured. 

(1)  C.  BORBONICA.     (Pers.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  20.— -Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  150. 
Syn.     C.  Wightiana,  Wall. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  t.  9, — Ic.  t.  941, 


SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  leaves  trifoliolate  :  leaflets  hairy  on 
both  sides,  ovate-acuminated,  unequal  at  the  base,  sharply  toothed, 
terminal  one  sometimes  3-lobed  or  divided  into  3  leaflets :  siliqua 
erect :  flowers  white. 

Neilgherries,  in  moist  marshy  places. 

(2)  C.  HIRSUTA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  152.— W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  20. 
Engrav.     Curt.  Lond.  IT.  t.  37. — Bot.  VII.  t.  492. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  leaves  pinnated,  upper  leaves  of  the 
stem  oblong,  nearly  sessile :  stamens  4-6,  equal  in  length  to  the 
petals ;  petals  as  long  as,  occasionally  longer  than  the  calyx  :  stigma 
nearly  sessile  :  flowers  yellow. 

Neilgherries.  Found  all  over  the  world,  and  varying  according 
to  soil,  moisture,  and  exposure.  A  variety  is-  found  on  hills  in 
Belgaum.  Flowering  in  July. 


ORDER  X.    CAPPARIDACE2E. 

Herbaceous  plants,  shrubs,  or  even  trees,  sometimes  spines- 
cent  :  leaves  alternate,  undivided,  or  palmate :  flowers  solitary 
or  racemose :  sepals  4 :  petals  4,  cruciate,  usually  clawed,  and 
unequal :  stamens  hypogynous,  almost  perigynous,  definite,  or  in- 
definite, but  generally  some  high  multiple  of  four :  receptacles 
often  glandular :  ovary  stalked  or  sessile,  1-celled:  style  1,  or 
wanting :  anthers  introrse,  opening  lengthwise  :  fruit  pod-shap- 
ed, or  baccate,  dehiscent  or  indehiscent,  1-celled,  rarely  1-seeded, 
usually  with  two  many-seeded  placentae  :  seeds  generally  kidney- 
shaped,  exalbuminous,  with  a  tumid  testa  :  embryo  curved 
inwards :  cotyledons  foliaceous,  flattish. 

GENUS  I.    GYNANDROPSIS. 
Itfoimdelpltia  Hexjmdrla.    Sex:  Syst; 

Deriv.  From  Gyne,  female,  Aner  Andros,  male,  and  Opsis,  re- 
semblance, the  stamens  appearing  as  if  inserted  on  the  ovary. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  4,  spreading :  petals  4  :  torus  elongated, 
linear :  filaments  united  with  athe  torus  at  their  extremities,  free 
above  :  siliqua  stalked, 


33 

(1)  0.  PE\TAPHYLL\.   (Dec.) 

Jdent.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  21. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  238. 

Syn.  G.  affinis,  Blame. — Cleome  pentaphylla,  Linn. — Roxb  ft 
fnd.  Ill,  p.  12G. 

Engrav.  Rhcede  Mai.  IX.  t.  24.— Humph.  Amb.  V.  t.  90,  f. 
3.— Bot.  Mag.  XL.  t.  1681. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  erect :  stem  more  or  less  covered  with 
glandular  pubescence  or  hairs  :  middle  leaves  5-foliolate,  lower  and 
floral  leaves  trifoliolate :  leaflets  obovate,  quite  entire,  or  slightly 
serrulated  :  flowers  white  with  crimson  filaments. 

Common  weed  in  waste  places.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GENUS  II.    CLEOME. 
Tetraclyiiamia  0lllc|uosa.    Sex    Syst 

Deriv.     From  Klcio,  to  close,  alluding  to  the  flowers. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  4,  spreading,  petals  4  :  torus  short,  nearly 
hemispherical  :  stamens  6,  or  rarely  4  :  siliqua  stalked  or  almost 
sessile. 

(1)  C.  MONOPHYLLA,     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  21. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  239. 

Syn.     C.  cordata,  Burch. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  239. 

Engrav.     Uheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  34.— Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  100.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  pubescent:  leaves  simple,  lanceo- 
late :  peduncles  solitary :  siliqua  puberulous,  striated,  almost  quilt* 
sessile  :  flowers  small,  pale  rose-coloured. 

A  common  weed,  in  waste  places.    P'lowering  nearly  all  the  year, 

(2)   C.  TENELLA.       (Ltnn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  21.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  240. 
Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  224.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  glabrous :  leaves  trifoliolate  :  leaf- 
lets linear,  twice  the  length  of  the  petiole:  flowers  hexandious . 
siliqua  sessile. 

Courtallum. 

(3)  C.  ASPFUA.     (Koen.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  211. 

Syn.     C.  aspera,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  22. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Ic.  t.  287. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Herbaceous,  rough  with  pricklea  on  both  stem 


and  leaves :   leaves  trifoliolate :    leaflets  oblong,  longer  than  the 
petiole :  stamens  G ;  siliqua  glabrous,  attenuated  at  the  base,  but 
quite  sessile. 
In  cultivated  soil  in  the  Peninsula,  but  not  very  common. 

(4)  C.  BURMANNI.     (W.  $>  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  22. 

Syn.  C.  dodecandra,  Herb.  Banks. — Polaniaia  dodecandra,  Dec. 
prod.  I.  p.  42. 

Enyrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  100.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Herbaceous :  stem  prickly :  leaves  trifoliolate  : 
leaflets  obovate,  much  longer  than  the  petiole  :  stamens  6  :  siliqua 
terete,  glabrous,  attenuated  at  the  base. 

Common  weed  in  cultivated  soil. 

GENUS  III,    POLANISIA. 
Polyandrl*  Monogynta.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Polys,  many,  and  anisos,  unequal,  the  stamens 
being  numerous,  and  of  various  lengths. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  4,  spreading :  filaments  dilated  below  the 
anthers,  or  filiform :  torus  minute :  siliqua  sessile,  within  the  calyx. 

(1)  P.  CHELIDONII.     (Dec.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  22. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  242. 

Syn.  P.  Schraderi,  Dec. — P.  Leschenaultii,  Dec.— Cleome  cheli- 
donii,  Linn. — Corynandra  pulchella,  Schrad. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Ic.  t.  319. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  hispid  with  prickly  hairs  :  leaves  7-9  folio- 
late:  leaflets  obovate  or  oblong,  wedge-shaped,  rigidly  pubescent, 
upper  floral  leaves  minute :  filaments  club-shaped :  siliqua  terete, 
sessile :  flowers  rose-coloured. 

Moist  soil  by  the  borders  of  rice-fields.  Flowering  in  the  rainy 
season. 

(2)  P.  ICOSANDRA.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  22.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  128. 
Syn.    P.  viscosa,    Dec.  prod.  I,  p.  242. — Cleome  icosandra, 
Linn. — C.  dodecandra,  Linn. — C.  viscosa,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Eumph  Amb.  V.  t.  96.  f.  2.— Burm.  Zeyl,  t.  99.— 
Wight's  Ic.  t.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  covered  with  viscid  hairs:  leaves  3-5  folio- 
late :  leaflets  obovate,  cuneate  or  oblong,  pubescent ;  siliquii 


35 

terete,    rough  with  hairs,  sessile :    acuminate^    dowers   smallish* 
yellow. 

A  common  weed  among  rubbish.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 

(3)  P.  FELINA.    (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  22.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  242* 
Syn.    Cleome  felina,  Linn. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  23. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Thickly  covered  with  prickly  hairs  :  leaves  trifo- 
liolate,  hairy  :  leaflets  broadly  obovate,  wedge-shaped,  shorter  than 
the  petiole  :  siliqua  compressed,  glabrous,  sessile,  about  the  length 
of  the  peduncle. 

Courtallum. 

(4)  P.  SIMPLICIFOLIA.     (Camb.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  8. — Camb.  in  Jacq.  Voy.  IV.  p.  20. 
Engrav.     Jacq.  Voy.  IV.  t.  20. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches  spreading,  covered  with  rough  hairs  r 
leaves  obovate,  simple :  siliqua  subcylindric,  glabrous,  acuminated 
with  the  style :  flowers  axillary,  solitary,  purple. 

Foona,  flowering  in  July  and  August. 

(5)  P.  BHURTPORENSIS.     (Monro.) 

Ident.     Monro  Hort.  Agrensis,  p.  35.— Wight's  Ic.  III.  p.  5. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Ic.  t.  1072. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  and  leaves  covered  with  prickly  hairs :  leaves 
simple,  oblong-lanceolate,  acuminated,  radical  ones  attenuated  into 
a  petiole,  cauline  ones  sessile :  stamens  10-12:  siliqua  linear,  not 
compressed,  about  the  length  of  the  peduncle :  flowers  rose-coloured. 

Plains  of  Roobass,  near  Bhurtpore,  flowering  in  September. 

GENUS  IV.    CRAT^VA. 
Polyandrla  Rlonogynta.    Sex-  Syst: 
Deriv.    From  Cratcevus,  an  early  Greek  Botanist. 
GEN.  CHAR.     Shrubs,  without  thorns :  leaves  trifoliolate :  sepals 
4 :  petals  4,  unguiculate,  larger  than  the  calyx :  torus  elongated  ; 
berry  stalked,  pulpy  within. 

(1)  C.  ROXBURGHII.    (Br.) 

Jdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  23. 

Syn.    C»  odora,  Ham.  in  Linn.  Soc.  TVvws.— C,  Tapia, 
Symb.  III.  p.  61.— Capparis  trifolia,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II,  p.  571. 


30 

JEngrav.     Hook.  Ic.  II.  t.  178. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  leaflets  ovate,  tapering  at  the  base,  tfifo- 
holate,  lateral  ones  unequal  at  the  base:  berry  globose,  scuity; 
flowers  large,  \vhite,  becoming  cream-coloured,  with  purple  fila- 
ments. 

Coromandcl  Coast.  Banks  of  the  Nerbudda.  Malabar.  Flow- 
ering in  February  and  March. 

(2)  C.  NURVALA.     (Ham.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  23.— Ham.  in  Linn.  Soc.  Trans, 

>Vj/?2.     C.  Tapia,  Burm. — C.  Inermis,  Linn. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  III.  t.  42. 

SPI-C.  CHAR.  Shrub,  or  small  tree:  leaflets  ovato,  lanceolate, 
acuminated,  lateral  ones  unequal  at  the  base  :  berry  ovoid  :  flowers 
•whitish,  or  cream-coloured. 

Malabar  Coast.     Mysore.     Flowering  in  February, 

GENUS  V.    NIEBUHRIA, 
Polyaiiclrfta  Ufonogyiila.    Sex.  Syvt 
l)env.     From  Niebuhrt  the  African  traveller. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Unarmed  shrubs  :  sepals  4,  valvate  in  aestivation  ; 
petals  none,  or  4,  alternate  with,  and  shorter  than  the  segments  of 
the  calyx  :  torus  cylindrical,  very  short :  filaments  below,  united 
•with  the  torus,  free  above :  berry  ovate,  stalked.  The  apetalous 
species  have  trifoliolate  leaves,  the  tetrapetalous,  simple  ones. 

(1)  N.  IINEARIS.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  23.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  244. 
Syn.     Capparis  apetala,  Roth.   Nov.  Sp.   p.  238. — C.  linifolia, 
lioxb,  Hort.  Beng.  p.  41. — Crataeva  apetala,  Spr.  Syst.  II.  p.  448. 

Engrav.     Hook.  Ic.  t.  124.— Wight's  Ic.  t.  174. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Leaves  trifoliolate :  leaflets  ovate,  oblong  01 
linear,  with  a  recurved  mucro,  wrinkled,  shorter  than  the  petiole . 
racemes  terminal  :  calyx  tube  campanulate :  petals  none,  ovar) 
and  fruit  ovoid  :  flowers  small,  greenish-dark  purple. 

Various  parts  of  the  Peninsula,  flowering  in  April. 

(2)   N.  OBLONGIFOLIA,       (DC.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  23. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  244. 

Syn.  N.  arenaria,  Dec.  prod>  I.  p.  244. — Capparis  heteroclita 
Jioxb.  fl.  Ind,  II.  p.  570. — Cratoeva  oblongiibliu,  Spr,  Syst.  II.  n 
418. 

Enjiai\     Hook,  Ic,  II,  t,  127, 


ar 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  :  leaves  simple,  oval-oblong:  pe- 
tals equal,  lanceolate,  \vaved,  acute,  scarcely  half  the  length  of  the 
divisions  of  the  calyx  :  fruits  constricted  between  the  seeds,  re- 
sembling a  necklace  :  flowers  small,  pale-green. 

Courtallum.  Cuddalore.  In  hedges  in  Guzerat  and  the  Deccan. 
Flowering  from  December  to  February.  The  leaves  vary  on  the 
soinc  individual. 

GENUS  VI.    CADABA. 
I'ctrandria  UKonogynia.    Sea  .  Syst. 

Deriv.     From  Kadhab,  the  Arabic  name  of  one  of  the  species. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  with  simple,  or  rarely  trifoliolate  leaves, 
usually  without  thorns:  sepals  4,  two  interior  ones  smaller,  and 
more  coloured  than  the  others :  petals  4,  or  2,  with  long  claws,  or 
none  :  torus  erect,  bearing  the  fruit-stalk  at  its  base  on  the  opposite 
fiide  from  the  two  middle  petals  :  filaments  united  below,  cohering 
with  the  fruit-stalk  for  nearly  half  its  length  :  berry  many-seeded. 

(1)  C.  INDICA.     (Lam.} 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  24. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  244. 

St/n.  Cleome  fruticosa,  Linn. — Stroemia  tetrandra,  Vahl. — Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  78. 

Engrav.     Burm.  flor.  Ind.  t.  46.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  without  thorns  :  leaves  elliptic-oblong,  or 
broad  lanceolate :  petals  4,  immersed  in  firm  pulp :  siliqua  linear  : 
flowers  terminal,  whitish. 

Common  in  dry  soil.  Guzerat  and  the  Deccan.  Flowering  near- 
ly all  the  year. 

(2)    C.    TRIFOLIATA.       (W.  $  A.) 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  24. 

Syn.  C.  triphylla,  Wight*— Strtemia  trifoliata,  Rcxb.fi.  Ind.  lL 
p.  79. 

Engrat.     Wight  in  Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  t.  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  without  thorns:  leaves  trifoliolate:  leaf- 
lets ovate-oblong,  glabrous  :  calyx  of  two  opposite  pairs  of  ovate- 
oblong  veined  leaflets,  the  outer  pair  larger,  the  inner  more  deeply 
coloured :  petals  2,  large,  round,  pure  white,  beautifully  veined, 
and  elevated  on  claws,  which  ascend  opposite  the  pedicel  of  fructi- 
fication :  torus  horn-shaped,  curving,  with  a  perforated  apex,  border 
reflected,  the  whole  of  a  bright-yellow  colour  :  stamens  6,  elevated 
on  a  long  pedicel,  opposite  the  petals. 

Courtallum,  fluttering  in  July  and  August, 


38 

GENUS  VH.    CAPPAR1S. 
Polyandria  Hlonogynlfi.    Sex.-  Sy»{: 

Deriv.  From  Kalir,  the  Arabic  name  of  the  species  producing 
the  capers  of  commerce* 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs,  with  simple,  entire  leaves :  sepals  4  :  pe« 
tills  4,  sessile:  stamens  distinct:  siliqua  more  or  less  baccate, 
stalked. 

(1)  C,  BRBVimNA.    (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod  I.  p.  24.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  246. 

Syn.  C.  acuminata,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  566.— C.  Rheedif, 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  246.— C.  Wightiana,  Wall. — C.  rotundifolia, 
Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  245. 

Engrav.     Hook.  Ic.  t.  126. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  armed  with  thorny  stipules  :  leaves  short- 
petioled,  from  broad*lanceolate  to  oval,  more  or  less  acute,  mucro- 
nate,  paler  beneath:  pedicels  axillary,  solitary,  1 -flowered,  nearly 
as  long  as  the  leaves :  ovary  oblong,  densely  pubescent :  flowers 
largish,  the  two  upper  petals  tinged  yellow  :  anthers  blue :  berry 
smooth,  red  when  ripe. 

Malabar.  Common  on  dry  rocky  ground,  flowering  about  the 
end  of  the  cold  season. 

(2)  C.  PYRIFOUA.    {Lam.} 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  25.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  246. 

Syn.     C.  grandiflora,   Wall. 

Engrav.     Deless.  Ic.  III.  t.  11.— Wight's  Ic.  t.  1047. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stipules  thorny,  hooked :  leaves  ovate,  or  oval* 
lanceolate,  mucronate,  glabrous,  young  ones  densely  pubescent: 
pedicels  short,  axillary,  solitary,  1 -flowered,  2-3  times  longer  than 
the  petiole :  ovary  narrow-oblong,  glabrous,  furrowed. 

Mountainous  districts  in  the  Peninsula.  Base  of  the  Neilgher- 
ries.  This  is  a  low,  thorny  shrub,  with  large  and  handsome  flowers. 

(3)  C.  STYLOSA.    (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  25. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  246. 

Syn.     C.  horrida,  Herb.  Banks. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Ic.  t.  889. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Ramous  shrub,  sometimes  attaining  the  size  of  a 
small  tree  :  stipules  thorny,  short,  curved  J  leaves  from  linear-lan- 
ceolate to  elliptical,  mucronate :  pedicels  short,  axillary,  solitary, 
1 -flowered,  2-3  times  longer  than  the  petiole:  ovary  smooth,  fur- 
rowed t  berry  globose,  warted,  with  6  ridges,  scarlet :  flowers  red, 

Coimbatore,     Common  all  over  the  Deccan, 


39 

(4)  C,  WALLICHIANA.     (W.  $.  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  25. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stipules  thorny,  straight:  leaves  elliptic-oblong, 
glabrous,  young  ones  tomentose  beneath :  pedicels  axillary,  soli- 
tary, 1 -flowered,  much  longer  than  the  petiole:  ovary  oblong, 
densely  pubescent. 

Peninsula. 

(5)  C.  HEYNEANA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  25. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VI,  t.  57. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stipules  very  minute,  straight,  thorny :  leaves 
ovate,  or  obovate,  lanceolate,  3-nerved  at  the  base  :  pedicels  axil- 
lary or  terminal,  solitary,  1-3-flowered,  longer  than  the  petiole: 
ovary  oblong,  densely  pubescent :  flowers  white  or  pale-lilac. 

Trichore,  in  Cochin,  Trevandrum.  Courtallum,  Flowering  in 
the  hot  season. 

(6)  C.  ZEYLANICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  25.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  247. 

Syn,     C.  acuminata,  Willd. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  247. 

Engrav.     Bot.  Reg.  XVI.  t.  1320. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stipules  thorny,  straight:  leaves  broadly-oval, 
acuminated  at  each  end,  glabrous,  young  ones  tomentose  beneath  : 
pedicels  supra-axillary,  2-4  in  a  line  one  above  the  other,  about 
half  the  length  of  the  leaf. 

Peninsula. 

(7)  C.  IIORRIDA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  26.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  246. 
Syn.     C.  terniflora,   Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  247. — C.  quadriflora,   do. 
— C.  Zeylanica,  Roxb.fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  567. 

Engray.    Wight's  Ic.  t.  173. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  climbing,  armed  with  stipulary,  recurved 
thorns :  leaves  from  elliptic-oblong  to  broadly-ovate,  glabrous  : 
young  shoots,  leaves  and  sepals  covered  with  much  rusty  pubes- 
cence :  pedicels  2-4  in  a  vertical  line,  upper  ones  longest :  ovary 
globose,  pointed :  flowers,  largish,  white,  afterwards  rose-coloured. 

Common  in  hedges  in  the  Peninsula.  Flowering  in  February 
and  March, 

(8)  C.  BISPERMA.    (Roxb.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  26.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  568. 
SPEC,  CHAR.    Arboreous :  stipules  thorny,  recurved,  wauling  on 


the  younger  shoots  :  leaves  owl-oblong  :  peduncles  racemose,  lower 
ones  axillary,  about  half  the  length  of  the  leaf,  upper  ones  with 
bracts  :  berry  nearly  globose,  2-seeded. 

Coromamlel  forests,  in  mountainous  districts. 

(9)  C.  ROXBURGHII.     ( Dec.) 

Idenl.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  20.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  247. 
Syn.     C.  corymbosa,  Roxb.Jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  5<>9. 
Enyrav.     Wight's  Ic.  t.  1048. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub:  branches  diffuse :  stipules  thor- 
ny, recurved :  leaves  elliptic-oblong,  obtuse,  glabrous :  racemes 
terminal,  corymhiform  :  berry  globose,  dark-reddish  purple  when 
ripe,  many-seeded  :  flowers  large,  white,  slightly  tinged  with  yellow. 

Hedges  and  forests  in  the  Peninsula.  Western  Ghauts.  Flow- 
ering in  February  and  March. 

(10)  C.  SEPIAUIA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  ZG,— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  247.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  508. 

Enyrav.    Jacq.  Voy.  Ind.  t.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby :  stipules  thorny,  recurved  :  leaves 
roundish-ovate,  emarginate,  glabrous,  young  ones  pubescent  be- 
neath :  branches  pubescent :  corymbs  many-flowered,  almost  um- 
bel liform  :  petals  oblong  :  ovary  globose  :  berry  globose,  1 -seeded  : 
flowers  small,  white. 

Coromandel,  common  in  hedges.     Flowering  in  April  and  May. 

(11)    C.    PEDUNCULOSA.       (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  27. 
Enyrav.     Hook.  Ic.  t.  128. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stipules  thorny,  hooked  :  leaves  roundish-ovate, 
cordate  at  the  base,  nearly  sessile :  umbels  sessile,  terminal,  2-5- 
flowered  :  pedicels  and  calyx  glabrous  :  fruit  globose,  with  several 
seeds. 

Near  Point  Calamere,  in  Tanjore.  In  dense  jungles  fft  Maha- 
bleshwur. 

(12)  C.  GRANDIS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  27.— Dec,  prod.  I.  p.  248. 

Syn.  C.  racemifera,  Dec. — C.  obovata,  Spr.  Syst.  II.  p.  574. — 
C.  maxima,  Heyne  in  Roth.  Nov.  Spr.  p.  237. — Dec.  prod.  I.  c. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Ic.  t.  21. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  or  small  tree,  covered  all  over  with  greyish 
pubescence :  stipules  very  short,  and  wart- like,  wanting  on  the 
younger  branches :  leaves  roundish-ovate,  glabrous  above,  pubes- 


41 

cent  beneath  :  corymbs  terminal,  almost  umbelliform,  many-flower* 
ed :  ovary  and  berry  globose,  the  latter  2-seeded. 

Mysore  and  Travancore.     Fort  at  Sholapore,     Flowering  in  May* 

(13)    C.  DIVERSIFOL1A.       (  W.  $  A,) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  27. 
Engrav.     Hook  Ic.  t.  181. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby  :  stipules  short,  hooked  •  leaves  linear, 
on  the  younger  branches  oblong-lanceolate,  acuminated,  mucronate,. 
glabrous  :  corymbs  umbelliform,  sessile  at  the  extremities  of  the 
branches  :  pedicels  and  calyx  somewhat  downy  :  flowers  largish, 
purple  rose-colour. 

Peninsula. 

(14)    C.    APHYLLA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  27.— Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  41.—* 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  246. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stipules  thorny,  nearly  straight:  leaves  on  tha 
young  shoots  only,  linear-subulate,  mucronate  :  flowers  nearly  ses- 
sile from  the  axils  of  the  stipules  :  fruit  globular  :  flowers  red. 

This  is  a  large  straggling  shrub  or  small  tree,  common  in  waste 
places  in  the  Deccan.  Guzerat.  Banks  of  the  Jumna.  Flowering 
in  the  rainy  season. 

(15)    C.    PLORIBUNDA.       (R.    W.} 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  35. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  t.  14. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  unarmed  :  leaves  ovate-oblong  :  glabrous  J 
umbels  axillary,  numerous  near  the  ends  of  the  branches  :  calyx 
and  petals  ciliate,  on  the  margins  :  stamens  8,  much  longer  than  the) 
petals,  very  few-seeded  :  flowers  white. 

Peninsula. 

(16)  C.  MURRAYANA.     (J.  Grah.) 

Ident.     J.  Grah.  Cat.  Bomb,  pk 
Etiyrav.     Wight's  Ic.  t.  379. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  prostrate  shrub,  with  short,  recurved, 
orange-coloured  thorns :  leaves  small,  roundish  :  upper  sepal  long- 
er :  berry  oblong,  many-seeded :  flowers  white,  suffused  with  red, 
large  and  showy  :  anthers  purple. 

Ravines  at  Mahableshwur. 

(17)  C.  FORMOSA.     (Dalz.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  9.— Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II,  p,  40, 
Synt     C.  caorulea,  Heyne. 


42 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  erect,  unarmed  :  leaves  ovate,  oblopg, 
pr  lanceolate,  younger  ones  covered  with  tomentum,  older  ones 
glabrous:  lacemes  corymbiform,  few-flowered:  flowers  large,  pale 
blue,  with  a  round  yellow  spot  in  the  middle. 

(jhorla  Ghaut;  in  Canara.    Flowering  in  April. 
(18)  C.  TENEtt.     (Dah.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  9. — Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  41. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  branched,  glabrous :  stipules  thorny, 
hooked  :  leaves  ovate-lanceolate,  short-petioled,  glabrous,  transpa- 
rent :  pedicels  axillary,  solitary,  filiform,  1-flowered,  shorter  thai* 
the  leaf  i  flowers  small. 

Syhadree  mountains,  Bombay. 


ORDER  XI,    FLACOURTIACE.E. 

Shrubs,  or  small  trees,  with  alternate,  entire,  simple  exstipu- 
late  leaves  :  sepals  4-7,  slightly  adherent  at  the  base  :  petals 
equal  to,  and  alternate  with  the  segments  of  the  calyx,  or  none  ; 
stamens  hypogynous,  usually  numerous  :  ovary  sessile,  or  stalk- 
ed, 1-celled  :  ovules  attached  to  the  surface,  or  sides  of  the  pla- 
centa :  stigmas  more  or  less  distinct  :  fruit  1-celled,  fleshy  and 
indehiscent,  or  a  4-5-valved  capsule  ;  seeds  indefinite, 
$d  by  pulp  :  albumen  fleshy. 

GE1STUS  I.    FLACOURTIA. 

olytutiflrla.    &>#.>  Syst: 


Derh.  From  Etienne  de  Flacourt,  formerly  one  of  the  Directors 
of  the  French  E.  I.  C.  and  one  of  the  earliest  investigators  of  the 
Natural  History  of  Madagascar. 

GEN,  CHAR,  Shrubs,  usually  with  thorns  :  leaves  occasionally 
serrated,  toothed  or  crenated  on  the  same  individual:  peduncles 
axillary,  many-flowered  :  flowers  apetalous,  MA^E.  Stamens  ar- 
/anged  closely  on  the  torus,  not  surrounded  by  a  gland  at  the  base  ; 
anthers  nearly  globose.  FEM.  Calyx  deciduous  ;  stigmas  4-9,  ra« 
gating,  linear,  furrowed  above,  dilated  at  the  apex. 

(1)  F.  RAMONTCHI.     (L'Her.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prdd.  I.  p.  29.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  256.—  Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  834.—  Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  10. 

$yn.     F.  sapida,  Roxb*  —  Stigmarota  Africana,  Lour, 


43 

tingrav.  Wight's  Jc.  I.  t.  85.— Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  69.— L'Herit, 
Stirp.  Nov.  t.  30. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  tfrorns  few,  naked :  leaves  roundish-ovate 
or  oblong :  flowers  diaecious :  stigmas  5-9  :  racemes  terminal : 
flowers  minute,  greenish. 

Peninsula.  Western  Ghauts.  Northern  India.  Flowering  in 
the  cold  season, 

(2)  F.  SEPIARIA.     (ftoxl.) 

Ideni.    W.  ,&  A.  prod.  I.  p.  29.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  256. 

Engrav.    Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  68.— Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  39. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby  :  thorns  numerous,  bearing  leaves  and 
flowers :  leaves  obovate-oblong  :  flowers  diaecious :  stigmas  3-4  : 
flowers  small,  greenish. 

Peninsula.  Bengal.  Common  in  the  Deccan,  towards  the 
Ghauts.  Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(3)  F.  INERMIS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  29.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  833.—' 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  256. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor  III.  t.  222. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  thorns  none  :  leaves  ovate :  flowers  bisexu* 
al :  stigmas  4-5  :  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Peninsula.  Silhet.  Flowering  in  February  and  March.  The 
fruit  is  too  sour  to  be  eaten  raw,  but  makes  very  good  tarts. 

(4)    F.  CATAPHRACTA,       (  WHld. ) 

Ident.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  834. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  256,— < 
Dalz.  Bpmb.  flor.  p.  10. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  38. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  armed  with  large  multiple  thorns  :  berry 
size  of  a  small  plum,  purple,  with  very  hard,  sharp-edged  seed  ; 
flowers  small,  greenish. 

Warrce  country,  on  the  banks  of  rivers.  Assam*  Flowering 
in  the  cold  season.  Fruit  eatable. 

(5)  T.  MONTANA.     (J.  Grab.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  10. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middle-sized  tree,  armed :  young  shoots  with 
axillary  thorns  :  leaves  ovate-oblong,  crenate  :  fruit  scarlet,  siz$ 
of  a  cherry. 

Western  Ghauts,  flowering  in  the  cold  season.  The  fruit  has  a# 
agreeable  acid  taste* 


44 

GENUS  II.    PHOBEfeOS. 
leosandrla  AlonogytiUi.    Sex- 


l)eriv.  From  the  Greek  term  meaning  formidable,  alluding  tti 
the  prickles  on  the  stem. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  without  petals,  bisexual  :  leaves  alter- 
nate, crenato-serrate,  with  glands  at  the  serratures  :  calyx  10-12- 
parted,  persistent  ;  segments  in  2  series,  inner  ones  unequal  :  anth- 
ers 2-celled,  opening  by  clefts  at  the  base  :  stigmas  capitate,  angled, 
furrowed  above  :  berry  3-4-seeded. 

(1)  P.  CRENATCS.    (Wight.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  29. 
Syn.     Flacourtia  crenata,  Wall* 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Thorny  shrub  :  leaves  elliptic  -oblong,  lanceolate^ 
acute,  obtusely  serrated. 

Neilgherries.     Western  Ghauts. 

(2)  P.  LANCEOLATUS,     (Wight.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  30. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  without  thorns  (  ?  ).  Leaves  oblong-lanceo-* 
late,  acuminated,  slightly-serrated,  without  glands  at  the  base,  paler 
beneath. 

Neilgherries, 

(3)  P,  WIGHTIANUS.     (W.  %A) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  30. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Very  thorny  shrub  :  leaves  roundish-ovate,  with* 
out  glands  at  the  base,  scarcely  serrate,  very  coriaceous. 
Probably  from  the  Neilgherries. 


ORDER  XII.    PANGflACE-ffi, 

Trees,  with  alternate,  entire,  somewhat  lobed  leaves :  sepals 
5 :  petals  5,  rarely  6 :  flowers  axillary,  solitary,  or  fascicled,  or 
racemose :  female  flowers  with  scales  in  the  throat,  opposite  the 
petals  and  equal  to  them  in  numbers:  ovary  free,  1-celled:' 
ovules  numerous:  placentae  parietal:  capsules  indehiscent,  1« 
d,  succulent :  seeds  numerous,  with  copious  albumen. 


45 

.    HYDNOCARPUS. 
IMreela  Pentandrla.    Sex:  Sy*t: 

Deriv.     frrom  Hydnos,  a  tuber,  and  Karpo3,  a  fruit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  with  poisonous  fruit :  sepals  5,  three  inner 
ones  larger :  aestivation  twisted :  petals  5  :  scales  densely  hairy. 
MALE.  Stamens  5,  in  the  centre  of  the  flower:  filaments  hairy  at 
the  base.  FEM,  Stamens  as  in  male  :  style  none  :  stigmas  peltate, 
flat,  5-cleft :  berry  globose,  crowned  with  the  stigmas, 

(1)  H.  INEBRIANS.     (Vahl.) 

'    Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  30.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  257. 

JBnyrav.  Wight's  111.  I.  t.  16.— Wight's  Ic<  t.  942.— Rheede 
Mai.  I.  t.  36. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  crenately-serrated,  glabrous :  inner 
sepals  concave :  petals  fringed  with  soft  white  hairs :  fruit  globose, 
very  hard  :  flowers  small,  white, 

Malabar.  South  Concans.  Flowering  in  October  and  Novem- 
ber. 

(2)  II.  ALPINUS.     (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Spicil.  p.  9. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  t.  10. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree :  leaves  entire :  sepals  all  equal,  re- 
flexed  :  petals  glabrous,  ovate-lanceolate  :  scales  as  long  as  the 
petals,  ciliated  towards  the  apex  :  male  stamens  5  :  filaments  much 
shorter  than  the  petals.  FEM.  Calyx  corolla  and  stamens  as  in  the 
male :  stigma  peltate,  5-cleft,  crowning  the  ovary  :  fruit  globose : 
clothed  with  short  brown  tomentum  :  seeds  enclosed  in  white  fleshy 
pulp :  flowers  whitish-green. 

Neilgherries,  near  Coonoor  and  Kotagherry,  usually  growing  on 
the  banks  Of  streams.  Flowering  in  July  and  August. 

(3)  H.  ODORATUS.     (Lindl.) 

Ident.    Wight's  111,  I.  p.  37. 

Syn.  Gynocardia  odorata,  Roxb. — Chaulmoogra  odorata,  Roxlt 
Jl.  Lid.  Ill  p.  836. 

Engrtiv.     Roxb.  Cor.  t.  291). 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree:  leaves  lanceolate,  entire,  acuminate : 
petals  oblong :  scales  ciliated.  MALE.  Calyx  4-5  cleft.  FERT.  Pe- 
duncles 1 -flowered,  flowers  larger  than  the  males  :  styles  5  :  stigmas 
large,  sagittate-cordate :  berry  globular,  size  of  a  shaddock :  seeds 
numerous,  immersed  in  pulp ;  flowers  large,  pale -yellow,  fragrant, 

Assam.     Silhet, 


VIOLACE^E; 

Ilerbaceous  plants,  or  shrubs :  leaves  alternate,  rarely  oppo- 
site, stipulate :  vernation  involute :  sepals  5,  persistent,  imbri- 
cated in  aestivation :  petals  5,  usually  unequal,  hypogynous, 
withering :  stamens  alternate  with  the  petals,  occasionally  oppo- 
site :  anthers  2-celled  bursting  inwardly :  filaments  dilated,  and 
elongated  beyond  the  anthers,  two,  where  the  flowers  are  irre- 
gular, bearing  an  appendage  at  their  base :  ovary  1  -celled,  many- 
seeded,  with  three  parietal  placentae:  style  with  an  oblique^ 
hooded  stigma :  capsule  3-valved :  seeds  definite  or  indefinite, 
Jroundish,  or  winged :  embryo  straight,  erect,  albuminous. 

GENUS  I.    VIOLA. 
Pentanclria  REonogynla.    Sex:  Syat: 

Deriv.     The  Latin  name  for  the  flowers. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Low  annual  or  perennial  plants  with  alternate, 
•withering  leaves:  peduncles  solitary,  1 -flowered,  with  2  recurved, 
afterwards  erect,  bracteoles  at  the  apex  :  sepals  more  or  less  auricled 
at  the  base  :  corolla  irregular,  the  lowest  petal  produced  into  a  spur 
at  the  base :  stamens  approximate,  with  very  short  and  distinct 
filaments  which  are  dilated  at  the  base  and  bear  the  anthers  low 
down  in  their  inner  side,  the  two  lower  ones  produced  into  a  spur 
at  the  base  :  capsule  3-valved  :  the  valves  elastic  and  scattering  the 
ripe  seeds. 

(1)  V.  PATRINII.     (Dec.) 
ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  32.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  293. 

Syn.  V.  Chinensis,  G.  Don. — V.  prim nlse folia,  Linn. — Lour.  fl. 
Cochin.  II.  p.  628. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Root  woody,  with  a  hardish  trunk :  leaves  oblong- 
lanceolate,  cremated,  truncate  at  the  base  :  petioles  winged,  longer 
than  the  leaf:  stipules  adhering  to  the  petiole  for  half  their  length  : 
sepals  lanceolate:  stigma  rostrate,  triangular:  valves  of -the  fruit 
straightish :  flowers  yellow. 

Neilgherries. 

(2)   V.  WjGItTiANA.      (Wall) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  32. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Spicil,  t.  11,— Wight's  Ic.  t,  94£ 


47 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stoloniferous,  slightly  hairy  :  leaves  cordate-ovate* 
crenated :  sepals  lanceolate ;  spur  short  and  very  blunt ;  stigma 
rostrate,  convex  but  not  hooked  s  flowers  purple. 

Neilgherries,  flowering  all  the  year, 

GENUS  H.    IONIDIUM. 
Peittaiidrla  HEonogynia.    Sex:  Syst> 

Deriv.     From  low,  a  violet,  and  Eidos>  like. 

GEN,  CHAR.  Low  herbaceous  plants  or  under-shrubs  :  pe« 
duncles  solitary,  l^flowered,  jointed,  with  2  bracteoles  above  the 
middle :  sepals  and  petals  unequal,  lower  petal  longer  than  the  rest ; 
stamens  close  together :  filaments  with  the  anthers  low  down,  not 
terminated  by  bristles  :  capsule  valves  not  elastic. 

(1)    I.  SUFFKUTICOSUM.       (Gin$.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  32.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  311. 

Syn.  1.  frutescens,  Ging. — Dec.  prod.  I.  c. — Solea  enneasperma4 
Spr.  Syst.  I.  p.  804. 

Enyrav.    Wight's  Ic.  t.  308.— Rheede  Mai.  9.  t.  60. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  pubescent,  branched  near  the  base  :  upper 
leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  more  or  less  pubescent,  toothed  or  serraU 
ed,  lower  ones  broader  :  sepals  strongly  keeled  :  lower  petal  obtuse, 
orbicular,  with  a  long  claw  ;  seeds  9,  longitudinally  furrowed  ;  flow- 
0rs  small,  pinkish. 

Peninsula.    Bengal.    Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)    I.  ENNEASPERMUM.       (Vetltn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  33. 

Syn.  I.  heterophyllum,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  308. — T.  capense,  da. 
Viola  enneasperma,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  650. — V.  suffruticosa,  Roxb. 
/.  Ind.  I.  p.  649. — V.  frutescens,  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  166. — 
Solea  erecta,  Spr.  Syst.  I.  p.  804. 

Engrav,  Wight's  HI.  I.  t.  19.— Pluk.  t.  120.  f.  8.— Burm. 
Keyl.  t.  85. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  SufrVutescent :  spreading,  or  half  erect,  with  sim- 
ple branches :  upper  leaves  linear-lanceolate  :  sepals  slightly  keeled : 
lower  petal  nearly  orbicular,  acute  at  each  end  :  seeds  9,  furrowed : 
(lowers  pink. 

South  Concans.     Peninsula.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(3   I.  HEXASPERMUM.      (Ddlz.) 

Ident.    Hook,  Jour.  Bot.  IV.  p.  342. 

Syn.  Viola  erecta,  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  165,—L  erectum,  Dec, 
prod.  I.  p.  311, 


48 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Height  half  a  foot:  stem  simple,  pubescent: 
leaves  linear,  attenuated  at  both  ends,  roughish,  remotely  toothed  i 
stipules  ciliated  :  capsule  6*seeded :  flowers  deep  orange-red. 

Hills  near  Belgaum. 

GENUS  HI.    ALSODEIA. 

Pentaiidria  ftfonogynla.    &*.  Syst* 

Deriv.  From  Alsodes,  leafy,  alluding  to  the  plant  being  thickly 
set  with  leaves. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  trees  :  leaves  often  alternate,  stipulate : 
flowers  racemose  :  racemes  axillary  and  terminal :  pedicels  bracteate, 
jointed :  sepals  5,  three  exterior,  two  interior :  petals  longer  than 
the  calyx,  twisted  in  aestivation  :  stamens  alternate  with  the  petals  : 
filaments  dilated  into  ligulae  and  bearing  tha  anthers  at  the  base  of 
each  ligula :  lobes  of  the  anthers  often  produced  at  the  apex  into- 
bristly  appendages:  style  clavate;  capsule  turbinate,  obtusely  5^ 
cornered :  seeds  1-2  at  each  valve. 

A.  ROXBURGHII.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  648.— Ed.  Car.  II.  p.  446. 
Syn.     Vareca  heteroclita,  Roxb. — Pentaloba  Roxburghii,  Wall. 
Cat. 

SFEC.  CHAR.  Small  shrub  :  leaves  alternate,  sessile,  broad-lan- 
ceolate, crenate,  with  a  hollow  gland  in  the  axil  of  each  vein  on  the 
under  side  :  sepals  5,  unequal,  woolly  :  petals  lanceolate,  revolute 
above :  filaments  projecting  beyond  the  bell-shaped  part  of  the  co-» 
rolla,  and  enlarged  with  bearded  appendages  at  the  base :  flower* 
crowded,  sessile,  small,  white. 

Lucknow,  flowering  in  October* 


ORDER  XIV.    DROSERACE£L 

Herbaceous  plants,  often  covered  with  glandular  hairs :  leavesr 
alternate,  with  stipulary  fringes :  peduncles  circinate  when 
young :  sepals  5,  equal,  imbricated  in  aestivation :  petals  5,  hy- 
pogynous:  stamens  hypogynous,  distinct,  either  equal  to  and 
alternate  with  the  petals,  or  twice  the  number :  anthers  2-cell- 
ed,  bursting  lengthwise :  ovary  single :  styles  3-5,  distinct  or 
slightly  cohering  at  the  base,  2-cleft,  or  branched :  capsule  3-5 
valved  with  the  placentae  either  in  the  middle  or  at  the  base ; 
with  or  without  an  aril :  embryo  erect,  albuminous, 


49 

GENUS  I.    DROSEEA, 
Pentaiidria  Pentagyiifta*    Sex-  Syst: 

D&riv.  From  Drosos,  dew,  alluding  to  the  glands  on  the  leaves 
resembling  dew-drops. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  plants  :  leaves  furnished  with  glandu- 
liferous  hairs :  styles  2-3-parted  or  multifid :  capsule  globose, 
opening  by  valves  at  the  apex  :  seeds  numerous. 

(1)  D.  BURMANNI.     (Pahl.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  34.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  318.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  113. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Ic.  t.  914.— Spicil.  t.  12.— 111.  t.  20.— Burm. 
Zeyl.  t.  94. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stemless :  leaves  all  radical,  obovate-cuneate, 
sessile :  scapes  erect :  seed-coat  not  arilliform  :  flowers  small, 
white, 

Bengal.  Silhet.  Neilgherries.  Madras.  Mountains  and  plains 
of  the  Peninsula.  Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(2)  D.  INDICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  319.— W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  34,— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  IL  p.  113. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  X.  t.  20.— "Wight's  111.  t.  20.  f.  3,— 
Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  94.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  branched :  leaves  linear,  short  petioled : 
racemes  and  calyx  puberulous  :  seed-coat  not  arilliform. 

Common  in  pastures  in  Canara,  and  various  parts  of  the  Penin- 
sula. 

(3)  D.  PELT  AT  A.     (Sm.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  34.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  319. 

Syn.     D.  lunata,  Ham. — 'Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  319. 

Engrav.     Smith's  Ex.  Bot.  t.  41. — Wight's  111.  t.  20. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  erect,  glabrous  :  leaves  scattered,  petioled, 
broadly  lunate,  peltate  with  two  longish  horns  pointing  upwards  ; 
styles  many-cleft :  testa  not  arilliform  :  flowers  white. 

Neilgherries. 

GENUS  II.    ALDROVANDA. 
Pcntandrla  Peiitagjiiia.    Sex.  Syst . 

Deriv.  Named  after  Ulysses  Aldrovandus,  an  early  Italian 
Botanist. 


50 

GEN.  CHAR.  Styles  filiform  :  stigmas  obtuse :  capsule  globose, 
5-valved:  seeds  10,  large. 

(1)  A.  VESICUIOSA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  34.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  319. 
Syn.     A.  verticillata,  Roxl.fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  112. 
Engrav.    Pluk.  t.  41.  f.  6, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Floating:  leaves  verticelled :  petioles  wedge- 
shaped,  ending  in  4-5  long  bristly  horns,  the  limb  being  folded  into 
a  winged  bladder :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  1 -flowered,  about 
twice  as  long  as  the  petioles :  flowers  small,  white, 

Bengal.     Peninsula. 

GENUS  III.    PARNASSIA. 
Pentaiiclria  Trtgyiiia.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  The  plants  are  feigned  to  have  first  sprung  up  on  Mount 
Parnassus. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  marshy  plants,  with  radical,  petioled 
leaves :  scape  with  one  sessile  foliaceous  bract  dilated  under  the 
flower  :  capsule  4-valved :  stigmas  sessile. 

(1)  P.  MYSORENSIS.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  35. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  t.  21. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  cordate,  somewhat  reniform  :  lobes  over- 
lapping :  bract  cordate,  embracing  the  scape  :  5  fertile  and  5  sterile 
stamens  :  sepals  broadly-oval :  petals  oval-oblong,  entire  or  slight- 
ly toothed  on  the  margin,  unguiculate,  longer  than  the  sepals  : 
sterile  stamens  about  half  the  length  of  the  fertile  ones,  cleft  up- 
wards into  three  thickish  segments  :  stigmas  3  :  flowers  yellow. 

Mysore. 

(2)  P.  WlGIITIANA.      (Wall) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  35. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil,  t.  13.— 111.  t.  21.— Ic.  t.  945. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Leaves  cordate-ovate :  bract  leaf-like,  embrac- 
ing the  scape :  lower  half  of  the  petals  cut  into  linear,  simple  or 
forked  segments  resembling  a  fringe  :  claw  very  short  and  broad  : 
sterile  stamens  as  long  as  the  fertile  ones,  cleft  upwards  into  3-5 
horn-like  glanduliferous  segments :  flowers  large. 

Swampy  places  in  the  Neilgherries,  Flowering  in  the  rainy 
•cason, 


ORDER  XV.    POLYGALACm 

Shrubs  or  herbaceous  plants :  leaves  generally  alternate  or 
opposite,  exstipulate :  flowers  usually  in  racemes :  pedicels  tri- 
bracteolate:  sepals  5,  irregular,  distinct,  2  interior  (wings) 
usually  petaloid  and  alternate  with  the  upper  and  lower  ones, 
imbricated  in  aestivation :  petals  hypogynous,  unequal,  usually 
free,  one  being  inferior  and  larger  than  the  rest,  the  others 
being  alternate  with  the  upper  and  lateral  sepals^  occasionally 
there  are  5,  in  which  case  the  two  additional  ones  are  very  small 
and  situated  between  the  wings  and  lower  sepals  t  the  keel  is 
sometimes  entire  and  crested,  or  else  3-lobed  and  without  a 
crest :  stamens  hypogynous,  usually  united  into  a  tube,  unequal 
and  ascending,  occasionally  4,  distinct :  anthers  1-celled,  open- 
ing by  a  terminal  pore :  ovary  usually  2-celled,  with  axile  pla* 
centae :  style  sometimes  curved,  sometimes  hooded  at  the  apex : 
fruit  occasionally  indehiscent,  fleshy,  drupaceous,  winged  or  wing- 
less :  seeds  naked,  or  enveloped  with  hairs :  embryo  straight, 
surrounded  with  copious,  fleshy  albumen. 

GENUS  I*    POLYGALA. 
Honadelpltla  Octaiidria.    Sex.  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  polys,  much,  and  gala,  milk  ;  the  plants  are  said 
to  yield  much  nourishment  to  cattle. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  or  shrubby  plants  :  racemes  terminal 
or  axillary  :  sepals  5,  persistent :  wings  large,  petal -like :  petals  3, 
their  claws  united  with  the  staminiferous  tube,  the  lower  one  keel- 
shaped  :  stamens  united  into  a  tube  at  the  base :  anthers  opening 
by  a  pore :  ovary  2-celled :  ovules  solitary  :  capsule  2-celled,  com- 
pressed :  seeds  pubescent,  furnished  with  a  carunculate  aril. 

(1)    P.  TELEPHIOIDES.       (Willd.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  36. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  332* 
Syn.    P.  serpyllifolia,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  326. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous,  diffuse,  pubescent:  leaves  sue* 
culent,  glabrous,  oval-oblong,  narrow  at  the  base :  racemes  4-5« 
flowered,  scarcely  half  as  long  as  the  leaves ;  wings  leafy,  oval, 


52 

very  sharp,  a  little  longer  than  the  capsule  :  keel  crested  :  capsule 
nearly  orbicular :  flowers  very  small,  greenish. 

Peninsula.     Bengal.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 
(2)  P.  ARVENSIS,     (mild.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  36.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  326. 

Syn.     P.  procumbens,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  326. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  61. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous,  procumbent,  pubescent,  angled 
upwards  :  leaves  glabrous  or  slightly  hairy,  ciliated  on  the  margin, 
paler  beneath,  obovate,  narrower  towards  the  base :  racemes  4-8- 
flowered,  about  half  the  length  of  the  leaves :  wings  leafy,  oblong : 
keel  crested :  capsule  roundish,  oblique,  ciliated,  not  margined : 
flowers  yellow. 

Deccan,     Peninsula.     Flowering  in  July  and  August. 

(3)  P.  VAIILIANA.     (Dec.) 
Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  36.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  326. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous,  procumbent,  angled :  leaves 
softly  hairy  on  both  sides,  oblong,  veiy  shoitly  pctiplcd  :  lucernes 
3-5-fiowered,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  lateral  or  leaf-opposed  : 
•wings  nearly  membranaceous,  elliptical,  villous  :  keel  crested  :  cap- 
sule oval,  softly  villous  on  the  edge,  not  margined :  flowers  yellow. 

Peninsula  and  Guzerat. 

(4)  P,  ROTIIIANA.     (W.  $.  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  37. 

Syn.  P.  procumbens,  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  329. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p. 
326.— P.  glaucoides,  mild.  tip.  III.  p.  896. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous,  pubescent,  branched  from  the 
base,  erect,  angled  towards  the  top :  leaves  glabrous,  ciliated,  nar- 
row-oblong or  linear,  upper  ones  distinctly  3-5-nerved :  racemes 
nearly  capitate,  4-6-flowered,  axillary  or  lateral,  much  shorter  than 
the  leaves :  wings  ovate,  longer  than  the  capsule :  keel  crested : 
capsule  roundish,  oblique,  glabrous,  ciliated,  margined. 

Island  of  Bombay. 

(5)  P.  TRANQUEBARICA.     (Mart.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  37. 

Syn.    P.  brachystachya,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  326. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous,  procumbent,  branched  from  the 
base,  pubescent,  angled :  leaves  glabrous,  pubescent  along  tire  mar- 
gin, upper  ones  oblong-linear,  narrow,  lower  ones  oblong,  or  nar- 
row-obovate :  racemes  3-5-flowered,  about  half  as  long  as  the 


53 

leaves:  wings  with  a  membranaceous  margin,  ovate,  glabrous,  cili- 
ated below  the  length  of  the  capsule  :  keel  created  :  capsule  round- 
ish, oblique,  gUbrous,  ciliated,  not  margined. 

Peninsula. 

(G)    P,   ROSMARINIFOLIA.       (W.  $  A.} 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  suifrutescent  or  herbaceous,  branched,  pu- 
bescent:  branches  long,  twiggy,  angled  towards  the  top :  leaves 
oblong-linear,  glabrous  or  slightly  pubescent  on  the  margin  :  ra- 
cemes axillary,  1— 3-ftowered,  about  half  as  long  as  the  leaves: 
wings  ovate,  scarcely  longer  than  the  capsule  •  keel  created :  cap- 
sule roundish,  oblique,  densely  ciliated,  not  margined. 
Dindigul  Hills. 

(7)  P.  TRIPLORA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod  I.  p,  37.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  333. 
Syn.     P.  linaiifoliti,  Roth. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual:  stems  erect,  roughly  pubescent-  leaves 
glabrous,  linear:  racemes  usually  3-floweied,  axillary  or  above  the 
axils,  about  half  as  long  as  the  leaves  :  wings  membranaceous,  pu- 
bescent, ciliated  :  keel  crested :  capsule  oblong,  pubescent,  ciliat- 
ed, scarcely  margined. 

Sholaporc.     Common  in  Scinde. 

(8)  P.  WIGHTIANA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  38. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  67. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  glabrous,  slightly  glaucous  :  stems  branch- 
ed, diffuse  :  leaves  linear,  tapering  downwards,  acute,  with  a  long 
mucro :  racemes  many-flowered,  3-4  times  longer  than  the  leaves, 
and  opposite  to  them  :  wings  oblong,  somewhat  leafy,  a  little  longer 
than  the  capsule :  keel  crested  :  capsule  oblong,  nearly  even,  gla- 
brous, not  ciliated,  scarcely  margined. 

Dindigul  Hills. 

(9)  P.  ELONGATA.     (Klein.} 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  38.— Dec.  prod.  I,  p.  332. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  stems  branched  from  the  base,  pubes- 
cent, lateral  branches  procumbent :  leaves  oblong-linear,  tapering 
downwards,  with  a  few  hairs  on  the  midrib  below,  and  on  the  mar- 
gins :  racemes  many-flowered,  supra-axillary  or  leaf-opposed,  much 
longer  than  the  leaves  :  wings  oblong  :  keel  crested  :  capsule  round- 
ish, oblique,  not  ciliated,  slightly  margined  :  flowers  purple,  with 
greenish-yellow  wings. 

Mysore, 


64 

(10)  P.  CILIATA.     (Linn.) 

tdent.     W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  38. 

Syn.     P.  prostrata,  Willd.—Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  333. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  stems  branched,  diffuse,  angled,  and 
covered  with  rigid  hairs  :  leaves  oblong,  glabrous,  ciliated  below 
with  rigid  hairs :  racemes  hairy,  many-flowered,  twice  as  long  as 
the  leaves  :  wings  membranaceous  at  the  margins,  glabrous,  ovate  : 
keel  crested  :  capsule  roundish,  slightly  oblique,  not  margined,  rigid- 
ly ciliated  :  flowers  greenish-white,  with  a  tinge  of  rose. 

Peninsula.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(11)  P.  HEYNEANA.     (Wall.) 

tdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  38. 

Syi.     P,  venosa,  Heyne. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffrutescent :  branches  procumbent,  pubescent  J 
leaves  linear-oblong,  slightly  pubescent :  racemes  lax,  5-8-flower- 
ed,  twice  the  length  of  the  leaves,  supra-axillary,  or  leaf-opposed  : 
wings  leafy,  ovate  :  keel  crested :  capsule  nearly  equal,  margined. 

Neilgherries. 

(12)  P.  JAVANA.     (Dec.) 

IdenL    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  38.— Dec.  prod.  L  p,  327* 

Engrav.     Comp,  Bot.  Mag.  I.  t.  7. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffrutescent,  softly  villous  or  tomentose,  branches 
diffuse :  leaves  obovate  or  oblong,  cuneate  at  the  base :  racemes 
many-flowered,  leaf-opposed,  nearly  twice  as  long  as  the  leaves  i 
wings  ovate-orbicular,  membranaceous,  softly  pubescent :  keel  crest- 
ed :  capsule  orbicular,  softly  pubescent,  especially  on  the  edge, 
slightly  margined :  flowers  pinkish,  with  greenish-yellow  wings. 

Peninsula. 

(13)  P.  ARILLATA.     (Ham.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  39.— Don  fl.  Nep.  p.  199. 

Engrav.     Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  t.  100.— Wight's  Icon.  t.  946. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  erect:  branches  pubescent:  leaves  ob- 
long, on  longish  petioles,  a  little  downy  beneath  :  racemes  many- 
flowered,  lax,  terminal,  or  leaf-opposed,  drooping :  bracteoles  deci- 
duous :  wings  obovate,  glabrous :  keel  crested  :  capsule  kidney* 
shaped,  coriaceous  :  seeds  globose. 

Neilgherries. 

(14)    P.   PERSICAR1.EFOLIA.       (Dec.} 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  326.— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  13* 
Syn.     P.  Wallichiana,  R.  W. 
Engrav.     Wight's  III.  I.  t.  22. 


55 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  erect,  bifid  at  the  apex  :  leaves  oblong,  acu- 
minated at  both  ends,  paler  beneath :  racemes  10-15-flowered, 
rising  from  the  divisions  of  the  stem  :  wings  obovate  :  capsule  ob* 
cordate,  ciliate,  shorter  than  the  wings :  flowers  rose-coloured. 

Ghauts  east  of  Bombay.     Flowering  in  August. 

(15)  P.  CAMPESTRIS.     (Dalz.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  in  Hook.  Jour.  II.  p,  40. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  4-5  inches  high  :  stem  erect,  pubescent, 
sparingly  branched  below  :  leaves  linear,  subsessile,  glabrous,  mar- 
gins recurved  :  racemes  supra-axillary  or  leaf-opposed,  much  long- 
er than  the  leaf:  lower  flowers  1-2,  outside  the  axils,  upper  ones 
racemed,  numerous :  wings  obliquely  ovate,  longer  than  the  cap- 
sule :  capsule  nearly  round,  ciliated  on  the  margin  :  flowers  yellow. 

Malwan.     Flowering  in  June  and  July. 

(16)  P.  VARIANS.     (Mart.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  332. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  herbaceous,  branched,  procumbent :  lower 
leaves  obcordate  or  ovate,  upper  ones  lanceolate  :  racemes  axillary  : 
keel  crested. 

Bengal. 

(17)  P.  UMBROSA.     (Mart.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  T.  p.  332. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Leaves  oblong,  attenuated  at  the  base     racemes 
axillary :  keel  crested. 
Bengal. 

GENUS  II.     SALOMONIA. 
IfloBiatlelptiia  Tetraiidrla.    Se.i    Syxt 

Deriv.  Called  after  Solomon,  king  of  the  Hebrews,  one  of  the 
first  Botanists. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Small,  herbaceous  plants :  sepals  5,  somewhat 
equal :  petals  3,  united  below  into  a  tube,  cleft  longitudinally  on 
one  side :  filaments  united  their  whole  length  :  capsule  2-lobed, 
compressed,  bristle-toothed  on  the  margin. 

(1)  S.  CORDATA.     (Arnott.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  49. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  22. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Small  plant,  3-4  inches  high,  branched :  leaves 
alternate,  sessile,  cordate,  ovate,  glabrous,  ciliate  on  the  margin ; 
spikes  elongated  :  capsules  crested,  pectinate  :  flowers  red, 

Vingorla.     North  Concan. 


55 

(2)    S.   OBOVATA.       (R.    W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  III.  I.  p,  49. 

Enqrav,     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  herbaceous  plant,  erect,  branched  :  leaves 
alternate,  subsessile,  glabrous,  obovate-obtuse,  above  from  subor- 
bicular  to  cordate  :  racemes  terminal,  elongated  :  capsules  bristle- 
toothed  on  the  margins  :  flowers  small,  red. 

Malabar  Coast. 

GENUS  III.    XANTHOPHYLLUM. 

Octanilrla  Moiiogyiiia.    Sex    Syst 

Deriv.  From  Xanthvs,  yellow,  and  Phyllon,  a  leaf.  The  leaves 
of  several  species  turn  yellow  in  drying. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  with  coriaceous,  shining  leaves  :  racemes 
axillary  or  terminal  :  sepals  5,  2  interior  ones  a  little  longer  than 
the  others  :  petals  5,  distinct  :  keel  boat-shaped,  the  2  additional 
ones  as  large  as  the  2  upper  :  two  lower  filaments  united  with  the 
claw  of  the  keel,  two  distinct  and  inserted  opposite  the  inner  sepals, 
the  others  attached  one  to  each  of  the  claws  of  the  upper  and  late- 
ral petals  :  anthers  opening  by  pores  :  ovary  1  -celled,  each  bear- 
ing 2-6  ovules  :  fruit  fleshy,  globose,  1  -celled  :  seed  solitary,  with- 
out a  carunculus  :  albumen  none. 


(1)    X.   FLAVESCENS. 

Idenl.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  S9.  —  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  IJ.  p.  222. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  23. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Large  tree:  leaves  elliptic-oblong,  shortly  and 
bluntly  acuminated,  under  side  with  two  pores  near  the  base  : 
racemes  axillary  and  terminal  :  ovules  8-12  :  flowers  small  yel- 
lowish-rose-coloured. 

Hilly  parts  of  Chittagong.     Malabar  Coast.     Flowering  in  May. 

(2)  X.  VIRENS.     (Roxb.J 
Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  221. 
Engrav.     Rox,  Cor.  t.  284. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree:  leaves  from  oblong  to  lanceolate: 
racemes  terminal  and  axillary  :  flowers  small,  numerous,  on  longish 
pedicels,  yellowish  -rose-coloured. 

Silhet  and  Assam.     Flowering  in  March. 

(3)    X.  ANGUSTIFOLIUM.       (/?.    W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  50. 

SPEC.   CHAR,     Tree:    leaves   narrow-lanceolate^  glabrous:    ra- 


57 

«cmes  terminal  and  axillary,  shorter  than  the  leaves:  ovary  1* 
celled,  4-ovuled :  flowers  yellow. 
Courtallum. 

(4)   X.  UNDULATUM,       (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  50. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  elliptic,  oblong,  undulated  on  the  margin, 
acuminated:  ovary  1 -celled,  4-ovuled, 

Courtallum. 

(5)   X.  ROXBURGIIIANUM.      (R,  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  50. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broadly  elliptical,  acuminated :  racemes 
axillary  and  terminal,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  subsecund :  ovary 
I  -celled,  4-ovuled. 

Courtallum  and  Shevagherry  Hills,  in  woods  and  thickets, 


ORDER  XVI,    TAMARICACEJE. 

Shrubs  or  herbs :  leaves  alternate,  scale-like,  entire :  flowers 
racemose,  or  in  dense  spikes :  calyx  4-5-parted,  persistent,  im- 
bricated in  aestivation :  petals  4-5,  withering,  attached  to  the 
base  of  the  calyx :  stamens  hypogynous,  equal  to  or  twice  the 
number  of  the  petals,  distinct  or  monadelphous :  ovary  1 -celled : 
stigmas  distinct  or  united :  anthers  turned  inwards,  opening 
lengthwise ;  capsule  3-valved,  1-celled,  many-seeded :  placentae 
3,  either  at  the  base  of  the  capsule,  or  along  the  middle  of  the 
valves :  seeds  erect,  comose :  albumen  none. 

GENUS  I.    TAMARIX. 
Peiitaiulrla  Trigynla.    Sex:  Syat 

Deriv.  From  the  river  Tamaris,  in  the  Pyrenees,  where  the 
species  are  abundant. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  distinct :  petals  4-5  :  stamens  distinct, 
without  any  intermediate  gland :  torus  fleshy,  with  twice  as  many 
teeth  on  the  margin  as  there  are  stamens :  seeds  not  beaked,  co- 
mose at  the  extremity  :  flower-bearing  branchlets  usually  panicled, 

(1)  T.  GALLICA.     (Linn.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  40, 


58 

Syn.  T.  indica,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  100. — Dec.  prod.  III.  p. 
96. — T.  epacroides,  SOT.— T.  articulata,  Wall. 

Engrav.  Wight's  111.  1. 1.  24.— Hook.  Jour.  1841,  t.  15.-~Eng. 
Bot.  XIX.  t.  1318. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  shrub :  young  branches  glabrous :  leaves 
stem-clasping:  torus  10- toothed  :  flowers  very  small,  rose-coloured. 

Coromandel.  Banks  of  the  Indus  and  Ganges.  Flowering  in  the 
rainy  season. 

(2)  T.  DIOICA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  40.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  101.— 
Dec.  prod.  III.  p.  96. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  under-shrub :  young  branchlcts  glabrous : 
leaves  sheathing :  flower-bearing  branchlets  about  as  long  as  the 
terminal  spikes :  flowers  diaecious :  styles  elongated  beyond  the 
corolla :  flowers  very  small,  rose-coloured. 

Soonderbunds.  Beds  of  the  Concan  and  Deccan  rivers.  Upper 
India.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GENUS  II.     TBICHAURUS. 
Beeandria  Trlgyiila.    Sex    Syst 

Deriv.  From  Thrix,  hair,  and  Owros,  a  tail,  alluding  to  the 
feathery  tails  of  the  seeds. 

GEN,  CHAR.  Sepals  5 :  petals  5,  slightly  unequal :  stamens 
inserted  between  and  alternating  with  the  teeth  of  the  torus  :  fila- 
ments distinct :  torus  fleshy,  surrounding  the  base  of  the  ovary, 
its  teeth  equal  in  number  to  the  stamens :  seeds  beaked  :  beak 
straight,  covered  \\ith  long  spreading  hairs. 

(1)  T.  ERICOIDES.     (Arn,) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  40. 

Syn.  Tamarix  ericoides,  Rottl.  fy  Willd. — Dec.  prod.  III.  p. 
97. — T.  mucronata,  Sm. — Myricaria  vaginata,  Desv. — Dec.  prod. 
III.jp.  98. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  24.— Icon,  t.  22.— Jacq.  Ind.  t.  70. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  oblong,  stem-clasping :  spikea 
terminal :  bracts  equalling  the  pedicel ;  flowers  largish,  rose-co- 
loured. 

Concan  and  Deccan  rivers. 


ORDER  XVII.    ELATINACE^. 

Annual,  marshy  plants  with  opposite  leaves  and  minute  sti- 
pules: sepals  3-5,  distinct  or  slightly  connate  below:  petals 
hypogynous,  alternating  with  the  sepals :  ovary  3-5-celled : 
styles  3-5 :  stigmas  capitate :  placentae  axillary :  capsules  3-5- 
celled,  3-5-valved :  seeds  numerous :  albumen  none. 

GENUS  I.    ELATINB. 
Oetandrla  Trlgynla.    &>,?  •  Syst  • 

Deriv.  From  Elate,  a  fir-tree,  to  which  the  leaves  of  the  specie* 
have  been  compared. 

GEN.  CHAR.     Styles  distinct  at  the  base,  very  short  or  wanting. 
(1)  E.  AMBIGUA.     (Wight.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  41. 

Engrav.     Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  vol.  II.  t.  5. — Wight's  111.  I.  t,  25. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  diffuse,  rooting  :  leaves  oblong,  attenuat- 
ed towards  the  base  :  flowers  pedicellate,  axillary,  opposite  or 
alternate,  with  3  sepals,  petals  and  stamens  :  stigmas  sessile. 

Peninsula. 

(2)  E.  VERTICILLATA.      (W.  fy  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  41. 

Syn.  E.  luxurians,  Delile. — Bergia  verticillata,  Willd. — Dec. 
prod.  I.  p.  390. — Roxb.  fi.  2nd.  II.  p.  456. — B.  aquatica,  Roxb. 
Cor. — B.  capensis,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  142.-— Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  78.— 
Pluk.  t.  132.  f.  6. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  stems  branched,  rooting  from  the  lower 
joints :  leaves  lanceolate,  attenuated  below  into  a  longish  petiole 
and  serrated,  particularly  towards  the  point :  flowers  densely  capi- 
tate, sessile,  axillary  :  sepals  and  petals  5 :  stamens  10 :  styles 
short :  flowers  very  small,  white. 

Banks  of  rivers  and  rice  fields  all  over  India,  flowering  in  the 
rainy  season. 

(3)  E.  AMMANNOIDES.      (  W.  fy  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  41. 

Syn.     Bergia  ammannoides,   Roxb.  f.  Ind.  II.  p.  457. — Dec* 
prod.  I.  p.  390.— B.  pentandra,  Camb.-— Lechea  verticillata, 
—Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  286, 


60 

Engrav.    Wight's  111.  I.  t.  25.— Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  III.  t.  28. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  steins  branched,  erect,  or  with  the  lower 
branches  procumbent,  usually  rough  with  hairs,  but  sometimes  gla- 
brous :  leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  acute,  sharply  serrated :  flowers 
pedicellate,  aggregate  in  the  axils  of  the  leaves :  sepals,  petals  and 
stamens  equal  in  number :  flowers  very  small,  rose-coloured. 

Banks  of  rivers  and  rice  fields  all  over  India,  flowering  in  the 
rainy  season. 

(4)  E.  JESTIVOSA.     (W.  fyA.) 

IdenL    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  41. 

Syn.     Spergula  cestivosa,  Koen. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  222. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  much  branched,  glabrous :  leaves  obovate 
or  oblong,  those  on  the  flower-bearing  branches  almost  linear: 
flowers  pedicellate,  axillary,  opposite,  solitary ;  sepals  and  petals 
5 :  stamens  10. 

Peninsula, 

(5)  E.  ODORATA.     (Edge.) 

Ident.  Edgeworth  in  Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  283,— Dak. 
Bomb.  flor.  p.  14, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Pubescent :  branches  decumbent :  leaves  oblong, 
sessile,  serrated :  cymes  axillary,  few-flowered :  petals  and  sepals 
5  :  stamens  10 :  flowers  pink, 

Guzerat. 


ORDER  XVIII.    CARYQPHYLLACEJE, 

Herbaceous  plants,  occasionally  becoming  suffrutescent :  leaves 
opposite,  entire,  often  connate  at  the  base :  sepals  4-5,  distinct, 
or  cohering  in  a  tube,  persistent :  petals  4-5,  unguiculate,  often 
•split  into  two  parts,  occasionally  deficient:  stamens  usually 
twice  as  many  as  the  petals,  or  if  equal,  alternate  with  them, 
hypogynous :  filaments  sometimes  monadelphous,  subulate :  an- 
thers 2-celled,  erect,  opening  lengthwise :  ovary  single,  consist- 
ing of  2-5  united  carpels,  often  stalked :  stigmas  2-5,  sessile, 
filiform,  papillose  inside :  capsule  2-5-valved,  1-celled :  placen- 
te  axillary :  seeds  indefinite :  albumen  mealy. 


61 

GENUS  I.    GYPSOPHILA. 
Decamlrt*  Digynf  a.    Sex    Syst  • 

Deriv.  From  Gypsos,  chalk,  and  PJiilco,  to  love,  referring  to 
the  habitat  of  the  plants. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  tubular,  5-toothed,  angled:  petals  5  :  sti- 
pules none. 

(1)  G.  VACCARIA.     (Smith.} 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  42. — Spr.  Syst.  IT.  p.  371. 

Syn.  Saponaria  vaccaria,  Linn. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  365. — S. 
perfoliata,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  445. 

Engrav.     Bot.  Mag.  vol.  XLIX.  t.  2290. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  glabrous  :  leaves  ovate  and  oblong-lan- 
ceolate, sessile,  connate  at  the  base  :  flowers  bisexual,  panicled  : 
calyx  smooth,  pyramidal :  petals  with  long  claws,  erose  at  the 
apex  :  flowers  largish,  rose-coloured. 

Peninsula.     Bengal.     Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

GENUS  II.     SILENE. 
Deeaitilria  Trl&ynla.    Sex.  Syst> 

Deriv.  From  Sialon,  saliva,  alluding  to  the  viscid  moisture  on 
the  stems. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  tubular,  5-toothed,  not  angled :  petals  5, 
with  long  claws :  claw  often  scaly  at  the  top :  limb  2-cleft :  cap- 
sule 3-celled  at  the  base,  opening  at  the  top  by  six  teeth. 

(1)    S.  INTRU6A.       (W.  $  A.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  42. 
Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  26. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Viscidiy  pubescent :  stems  dichotomously  branch- 
ed: upper  leaves  broadly  lanceolate:  pedicels  alternate,  1 -flower- 
ed, much  longer  than  the  floral  leaf:  calyx  long,  club-shaped,  with 
longish  teeth,  truncate  and  slightly  hollow  at  the  insertion  of  the 
pedicel,  with  ten  connected  ribs :  petals  deeply  2- cleft :  flowers 
cream-coloured,  tinged  with  red. 

Neilgherries. 

GENUS  III.    STELLARIA. 
Deoamlria  Trlgyiiia.    Sex    Syst 

Deriv.  From  Stella,  a  star,  alluding  to  the  appearance  of  tho 
flowers, 


62 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-parted  :  petals  5,  2-cleft :  capsule  1-cell* 
ed,  opening  at  the  apex  by  six  valves,  many-seeded. 

(1)  S.  MEDIA.     (Smith.} 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  42.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  396. 

Syn.     S.  monogyna,  Don. 

Engrav.     Engl.  Bot.  VIII.  t.  537.— Wight's  Ic.  t.  947. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  procumhent,  with  an  alternate  line  of  hairs 
on  one  side :  lower  leaves  ovate :  upper  ones  lanceolate :  petals 
deeply  divided  :  capsules  deeply  divided  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Neilgherries,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

GENUS  IV.    CEEASTIUM. 
Deeaiulria  Tetragyiiia.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Keras,  a  horn,  the  capsules  resembling  the  horns 
of  an  ox. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5  :  petals  5,  2-cl eft :  styles  5  :  capsule  1- 
celled,  cylindrical,  or  globose,  bursting  at  the  apex  with  10,  rarely 
5  teeth. 

(1)  C.  INDICUM.     (W.  $  A J 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  43. 
Engrav.     Wight's  111.  t.  26. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems,  leaves  and  calyx  covered  with  viscid  pu- 
bescence :  stems  angled :  leaves  ovate  or  oblong,  lanceolate :  flow- 
ers much  shorter  than  the  pedicels,  in  a  somewhat  dichotomous 
panicle :  petals  scarcely  longer  than  the  sepals  which  are  oblong- 
acute :  capsules  ovoid :  teeth  10,  rolled  backwards,  their  margins 
flat :  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula. 

(2)  C.  VULOATUM.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  43. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  415. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  948.— Engl.  Bot.  XI.  t.  789. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  hairy,  nearly  erect,  upper  parts  viscid : 
leaves  ovate,  obtuse  :  bracts  herbaceous :  flowers  longer  than  the 
pedicels  in  a  somewhat  capitate  panicle  :  petals  as  long  as  the  ob- 
long calyx  :  capsule  cylindrical,  curved  upwards  :  teeth  10,  straight, 
their  margins  rolled  backwards:  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  February  and  March. 

(3)  C.  CORDIFOLIUM.     (Roxb.) 
Ident.     Roxb,  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  458, 


83 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  flaccid,  branched :  upper  leaves  stem* 
clasping  :  peduncles  solitary,  1 -flowered,  hairy. 

Bengal,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

GENUS  V.    ARENARIA, 
Decantlria  Trlgynta.    Sex .-  Syst  • 

Deriv.     From  Arena,  sand,  alluding  to  the  habitat  of  the  species. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5  :  petals  5,  entire  :  styles  2-4  :  capsule 
3-valved  :  seeds  numerous,  roundish. 

(1)  A.  NEILGHERRENSE.     (  W.  $  A.) 
Ident.         W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  43. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  15. — Icon.  t.  940. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual:  stems  much  branched,  -with  an  alternate 
line  of  hairs  on  one  side :  leaves  distant,  obovate,  glabrous  :  mar- 
gins thickened,  ciliated  towards  the  petiole :  flowers  axillary,  or  in 
terminal  panicles  :  pedicels  slender,  viscidly  pubescent :  sepals  ob- 
long, acute,  with  one  dorsal,  hairy  nerve :  petals  longer  than  the 
calyx  :  capsules  ovate  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Neilgherries.     Belgaum  and  Dharwar. 

GENUS  VI.    MOLLUGO. 
Pcntaiitlria  Trfgynfa.    Sex:  Syst 

Deriv.  A  name  applied  by  Pliny  to  a  plant  to  which  these  have 
a  supposed  resemblance. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-parted  :  petals  usually  none  or  5  very 
small,  2-cleft  and  alternating  with  the  sepals :  leaves  opposite,  with 
a  verticillate  appearance :  capsule  3-valved,  3-celled,  many-seeded. 

(1)  M.  NUDICAULIS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  43.—- Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  391. 

Syn.  M.  bellidifolia,  Ser.  in  Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  391. — Pharnaceum 
spatimlatum,  Sw. — Spr.  Syst.  I.  p.  948. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  8.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  radical,  numerous  and  crowded,  obovate 
or  oblong,  obtuse  :  flowering  scapes  trichotomous,  decumbent,  leaf- 
less :  stamens  usually  3  :  petals  wanting  :  seeds  roughish,  minutely 
tubercled. 

Peninsula. 

(2)  M.  PENTAPHYLIA.  (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  44,— Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  391,— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  359. 


64 

Syn.     Pharnaceum  pentaphyllum,  Spr.  Syst.  I.  p.  949. 
Engrav.     Burm,  Zeyl.  t.  8.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  glabrous :  stems  decumbent,  leafy,  an- 
gled :  leaves  slightly  glaucous,  obovate,  obtuse,  tapering  at  the  base  : 
panicles  elongated,  many-flowered  :  stamens  usually  3  :  petals 
wanting  :  seeds  rough,  minutely  tubercled  :  flowers  small,  white, 

Peninsula.     Hindostan.     Flowering  in  February. 

(3)  M.  TRipiiYLi.A.     (Lour.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  44.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  392. — Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  360. 

Syn.  M.  Linkii,  Ser.  in  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  392. — M.  paniculata, 
Burm. — M.  radiata,  Ruiz.  $  Pav. — Pharnaceum  triphyllum,  Spr. 
Syst.  I.  p.  949. 

Engrav.  Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  VI.  f.  2.— Pluk.  t.  118.  f.  1.— Rheede 
Mai.  X.  t.  26. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  glabrous  :  stems  diffuse,  leafy,  angled  : 
leaves  green,  obovate  or  oblong,  tapering  at  the  base :  panicles 
elongated,  many-flowered :  stamens  3-5  :  petals  -wanting :  seeds 
rough,  minutely  tubercled :  flowers  small,  white. 

Hindostan.     Peninsula.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(4)  M,  STRICTA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  44.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  391. 

Syn.     Pharnaceum  strictum,  Spr.  Syst.  I.  pt  949. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Ind.  t.  5.  f.  3. — Pluk.  t.  257.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  glabrous  :  steins  diffuse  at  the  base, 
afterwards  erect,  angled  :  leaves  linear-lanceolate,  pointed :  pani- 
cles elongated,  many-flowered  :  stamens  3  :  petals  wanting :  seeds 
minutely  tubercled :  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula. 

(5)  M.  CERVIANA.     (Svr.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  44. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  392, 
Synt     Pharnaceum  cerviana,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Lam.  111.  t.  214.  f.  2.— Pluk.  t.  128.  f.  3.  and  t.  332. 
f.  9. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous:  stems  ascending,  leaves  linear,  very 
narrow,  bluntish,  glaucous  :  peduncles  elongated,  bearing  3  umbel- 
late flowers :  stamens  usually  5  :  petals  wanting  :  seeds  without 
tubercles. 

Peninsula, 


65 

(6)  M,  DISTICHA.     (Ser.) 

Utni.    W.  &  A,  prod.  L  p.  44.— Dec.  prod,  I.  p,  392* 

Syn.     Pharnaceum  distichum,  Linn. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  3.— Pluk.  t.  130.  f.  6.  &  t.  332.  f.0» 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Pubescent:  stems  diffuse,  angled:  leaves  thick* 
ish,  nearly  linear :  panicles  stiff,  slightly  branched  :  stamens  usual* 
ly  5  :  petals  wanting  :  seeds  inconspicuously  dotted* 

Peninsula,     Palaar, 

(7)  M.  SPERGULA,     (Linn.) 

Ident.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  44.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  391. 
Syn.     M.  verticellata,  Roxb.  /.  Ind.  I,  p.  360.— M.  parviflora* 

Dec.  prod.  I,  p.  39 L— Pharnaceum  mollugo,  Linn. — Roxb.  Jt* 

Ind.  II.  p.  102,— P.  parviflorum,  Roth. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai,  X.  t.  24.— Burm,  Zeyl.  t.  7.— Pluk.  t, 
130.  f.  5.— Burm.  Ind.  t.  5.  f.  4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  stems  straggling,  branched  :  leaves  ob- 
long, or  obovate,  more  or  less  succulent :  pedicels  1 -flowered, 
several  together,  forming  a  somewhat  sessile  umbel :  stamens  3-5, 
or  10 :  petals  narrow,  cleft  to  the  middle  or  wanting  :  seeds  rough, 
minutely  tubercled :  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year* 


ORDER  XIX. 

Herbs,  trees  or  shrubs :  leaves  alternate,  stipulate,  often  di* 
vided :  sepals  5,  rarely  less,  more  or  less  cohering  at  the  base* 
and  often  with  an  outer  calyx  or  involucel :  aestivation  valvate  i 
petals  5,  hypogynous,  twisted  in  the  bud,  either  distinct  or  co- 
hering to  the  staminiferous  tube :  stamens  numerous,  with  mo- 
hadelphous  filaments:  anthers  1-celled,  opening  transversely: 
ovaries  forming  a  ring  of  several  carpels  round  a  common  axis, 
distinct  or  united :  styles  free  or  united,  entire  or  divided,  as 
many  as  the  carpels:  fruit  capsular  or  baccate,  each  carpel 
being  1  or  many-seeded,  united  or  dehiscing  in  separate  folli* 
cles :  seeds  sometimes  hairy :  albumen  little  or  none :  embryo 
curved* 


66 

GENUS  I.    MALVA. 

Folyimdrla.    £*r.  Syti- 


Deriv.  From  Malasso,  to  soften,  alluding  to  the  mucilagmon* 
properties  of  the  plants. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  per-sistent,  tarrounded  by  an  invo- 
liicel  of  several  setaceous  bracteoles  :  ovary  many-celled  :  cells  1- 
seeded  :  carpels  eapsular,  indehiscent,  circularly  arra»g«d  round  th« 
axis. 

(1)  M.  MAURITIANA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  45.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  432. 
Syn.     M.  Mauritianica,  Spr.  Syst.  III.  p.  90. 
Engrav.     Cav.  Diss.  II.  t.  25.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual:  stems  erect:  leaves  cordate,  with  five 
ob  tuse"  lobes  :  petioles  somewhat  tomentose  on  their  upper  side: 
pedicels  several,  axillary,  1  -flowered  :  bracteoles  3,  ovate  ;  carpels 
wrinkled  on  the  back  :  flowers  largish,  dark  -purple. 

Peninsula. 

(2)  M.  ROTUNDIFOLIA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  45.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  433. 

Engrav.     Cav.  Diss.  II.  t.  26.  f.  3,—  Engl.  Bot.  XVI.  t.  1092. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  stems  herbaceous,  spreading  :  leave* 
cordate,  roundish,  shortly  and  obtusely  lobed,  crenated  :  petioles 
elongated,  sometimes  with  a  line  of  hairs  on  their  upper  side  :  pe- 
dicels several,  unequal,  axillary,  1  -flowered  :  bracteoles  3:  carpel* 
much  wrinkled  :  flowers  middle-sized,  pale-purple. 

Madura.     Mysore.     Flowering  in  February  and  March. 

(3)  M.  NEILGHERRENSIS.     (R.  W.) 
Ident.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  p.  15. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  16. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  covered  with  hairs  ;  branches  somewhat 
angular  :  leaves  long-petioled,  cordate,  5-lobed  :  lobes  ovate,  dou- 
bly serrated  :  flower*  numerous,  densely  aggregated  in  the  axils  ; 
bracteoles  3,  linear-lanceolate,  acute,  shorter  than  the  calyx  :  petals 
deeply  emarginate  :  carpels  10,  wrinkled,  pubescent  :  flowers  rose- 
coloured,  nearly  twice  the  length  of  the  calyx. 

Kotagherry.     Flowering  during  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  II.     URENA. 
nionadelplila  ^olyanilrla*    Sex.  Sysf: 
Deriv.     The  Malabar  name  Latinized. 
GEN,  CHAR.     Calyx  persistent,  surrounded  by  a  5-lO-cleftin- 


67 

volircel :  style  10-cleft  at  the  apex  :  carpels  5,  capsular,  connivcnt, 
indehiscent,  1 -seeded,  usually  prickly  externally,  the  prickles  being 
furnished  with  many  cleft,  reflexed  points  :  leaves  generally  having 
glandular  pores  at  the  base  of  the  nerves. 

(1)  U.  LOBATA.     (Linn.) 
Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  46. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  441. 

Engrav.  Dill.  Elth.  t.  319.  f.  412.— Humph.  Amb,  VI.  t.  25. 
f.  2.-— Bot.  Mag.  58.  t.  3043. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  :  leaves  roundish,  with  three  or  more 
short,  acute,  or  obtuse  lobes,  more  or  less  velvety,  1-3-glandular  : 
segments  of  the  involucel  5,  oblong-lanceolate,  equalling  the  calyx  : 
carpels  densely  pubescent,  echinate:  flowers  middle-sized,  rose- 
coloured. 

Peninsula.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(2)  U.  SCABRIUSCULA.     (Dec.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  46. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  441. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous:  leaves  roundish,  scarcely  lobed, 
harshly  pubescent  on  both  sides,  l~3-glandular  beneath  :  involucel 
segments  5,  linear,  acuminated :  carpels  pubescent,  echinated ; 
flowers  rose-coloured. 

Peninsula.     Phoonda  and  Ram  Ghauts. 

(3)  U.  REPANDA.     (Smith.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  46.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  441.— Roxb. 
H.  Ind.  III.  p.  182. 

%?i,     Pavonia  repanda,  Spr.  Syst.  III.  p.  98. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  :  stem  downy  :  leaves  broadly-ovate, 
waved,  serrated,  scarcely  lobed,  longer  than  the  petioles,  upper  side 
rough  with  stellate  hairs,  under,  with  a  solitary  gland  :  involucel 
segments  subulate,  the  tube  at  length  strongly  ribbed :  carpels  un- 
armed. 

Coromandel.     Goomsoor.     Flowering  in  September. 

(4)  U.  SINUATA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod  I.  p.  46.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  442.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  1S2. 

Sy n.  U.  morifolia,  Deo. — U.  murteata,  Z)ec. — U.  lappago,  Smith 
in  Dec.  prod. — U.  heterophylla,  do. 

Engrav.  Pluk.  t.  5.  f.  3.— Kheede  Mai.  X.  t.  2.— Rumph. 
Amb.  VI.  t.  25.  f.  2.— Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  69.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby  :  leaves  deeply  3-5-lobed,  serrated,  with 
1-3  glands  on  the  nerves  beneath  and  pale  with  hoary  pubescence : 
lobes  dilated  upwards :  sinuses  rounded  :  involucel  segments  linear- 


fiS 

oblong,  equalling  the  calyx  :  carpels  pubescent,  echinatcd  :  flowers 
rose-coloured. 

Common  in  the  Southern  parts  of  the  Peninsula,  flowering  in  tho 
rainy  season. 

GENUS  III.     PAVONIA. 
JHonadelplila  Polyandrla.    Se#-  Sy$t- 

Deriv.  In  honour  of  John  Joseph  Pavon,  a  traveller  in  Peru, 
and  associate  with  Ruiz,  in  the  publication  of  the  "  Flora  Peru- 
vians. " 

GEN.  CJJAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  persistent,  surrounded  by  a  5-15* 
leaved  involucel  :  ovary  5  -celled  :  cells  1-ovuled  :  style  8-10-cleft 
$t  the  apex  :  stigmas  8-10  :  carpels  5,  capsular,  2-valved,  1  -seeded, 


(1)  P.  ODORATA.     (i 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  47.—  Pec.  prod.  I.  p.  444.—  Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  214, 

Syn.  P.  sidoides,  Horn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  444.  —  Hibiscus  odoratus, 
Eoxb.  Hort.  Beny. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Perennial  :  stems  herbaceous,  viscidly  hairy  : 
leaves  cordate,  roundish-ovate,  upper  ones  shortly  3-lobcd,  toothed, 
more  or  less  hairy  and  viscid  :  pedicels  axillary,  1  -flowered  :  invo- 
lucel leaves  about  12,  ciliated,  longer  than  the  calyx  :  carpels  not 
prickly  :  flowers  middle-sized,  rose-coloured. 

Gingie  and  Dindigul  Hills.  Vendaloor.  Flowering  nearly  all 
the  year. 

(2)  P.  ZEYLANICA.     (CavJ 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  47.  —  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  444.  —  Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  214. 

Syn.     Hibiscus  Zeylanicus,  Linn. 

Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  125.  f.  3.  —  Burm.  Ind.  t.  48.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  lower  leaves  somewhat  roundish-cordate, 
crenated,  upper  ones  deeply  3-5-lobed,  coarsely  toothed  :  pedicels 
axillary,  Irflowered  :  involucel  leaves  10,  ciliated,  longer  than  the 
calyx  :  carpels  unarmed  :  flowers  middle-sized,  whitish. 

Trichinopoly,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season, 

GENUS  IV.     LEBRETON1A. 
IVIonailelpltia  Polyanclrla.    Sex  -  Syst  .- 

Deriv.     Called  after  Manuel  Le  Breton,  a  French  Botanist. 
GEN,  CHAR.     Calyx  5-partite,  surrounded  by  a  5-cleft  iuvolu- 


69 

eel:  petals  5,  protruding  beyond  the  calyx,  and  there  with  a  twist- 
ed aestivation:  styles  5,  each  2-cleft :  stigmas  10  :  carpels  5,  un- 
armed, 1 -seeded,  indehiscent. 

L.  PROCUMBENS.     (Wight.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  47. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  4.— Pluk.  t.  352.  f.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Procumbent,  more  or  less  pubescent :  leaves 
roundish,  cordate,  serrated,  3-lobed,  middle  one  the  longest :  pedi- 
cels axillary,  solitary,  1-flowered:  involucel  much  shorter  than  the- 
corolla:  carpels  wrinkled  :  flowers  yellow. 

Peninsula, 

GENUS  V.     HIBISCUS. 
Jttonadelitltia  Polyaiitlria.    Sex  •  Syst 

Deriv,     From  Hibiscos,  the  Greek  term  for  the  mallow. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  surrounded  by  an  involucel,  with 
its  leaves  usually  distinct,  and  sometimes  united  at  their  base,  or 
far  as  their  middle  :  petals  not  auriclcd  on  the  one  side  :  ovary  5- 
celled  :  cells  with  three  or  more  ovules  :  style  1,  5-cleft  at  the  apex  : 
stigmas  5  :  carpels  united  into  a  5-celled,  5-valved,  loculicidal  cap- 
sule :  ceils  usually  many-seeded. 

(1)  H.  VESICARIUS.     ( Cav.) 

Ident.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  48.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  453. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  leaves  toothed,  lower  ones  undivided, 
upper  ones  5-cleft :  lobes  oblong,  nearly  equal :  flowers  large, 
cream-coloured,  with  a  dark -purple  eye. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(2)  H.  TRIONUM.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I,  p.  453. 

Engrav.     Cav.  Diss.  III.  t.  64.  f.  1.— Dot.  Mag.  t.  209. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  leaves  toothed,  lower  ones  undivided, 
upper  ones  3-lobed :  lobes  lanceolate,  middle  one  the  longest : 
calyx  inflated :  flowers  cream-coloured,  with  dark-purple  eye. 

Cuddapah,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(3)  H.  SURATTENSIS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  48. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  449.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  205. 

Engrav.  Bheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  44.— Humph.  Amb.  IV.  t.  16.— 
Pluk.  t.  5.  f.  4.— -Cav.  Diss.  ill.  t.  33.  f.  L— Wight's  Icon.  t.  197. 
— Bot.  Mag.  XXXIII.  t.  1356. 


SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial :  stem  herbaceous  :  whole  plant  cover- 
ed with  small,  recurved  prickles  :  stipules  broad,  leafy  ;  leaves  3-5- 
Ibbed,  long-petioled  :  pedicels  shorter  than  the  petioles  :  involucel 
leaves  linear,  incurved,  furnished  on  their  back  about  the  middle 
with  a  leafy  appendage  :  flowers  large,  pale-sulphur,  with  a  dark- 
purple  eye. 

Peninsula.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(4)  H.  FURCATUS.     ( Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  48.-— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  204.— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  449. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Under-shrub  :  stem  erect,  softly  pubescent :  whole 
plant  covered  with  numerous,  recurved  prickles  :  stipules  oblong 
or  lanceolate  :  leaves  3-5-lobed,  very  pubescent  beneath,  and 
prickly  on  the  nerves:  involucel  leaves  about  10,  incurved,  with 
a  leafy  appendage  at  the  back  :  flowers  large,  dark-sulphur,  with  a 
dark-purple  eye. 

Interior  of  Bengal.  Southern  Provinces.  Flowering  nearly  all 
the  year. 

(5)  H.  SIDOIDES.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  49. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffrutescent :  without  prickles:  leaves  oblong, 
crenated,  somewhat  tomentose  :  peduncles  3-4-flowered,  leafless  : 
involucel  leaves  linear-lanceolate  :  fruit  globose  :  seeds  tubcrcledi 
glabrous. 

Madura. 

(6)    H.  LUNARIFOLIUS.       (WHU.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  49. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  451. 
Syn.     H.  pruriens,  Roxb.  ft.  Ind.  III.  p.  19C, 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t,  6. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Biennial:  stems  herbaceous,  hairy  :  leaves  round- 
ish-cordate, acutely  3-5-lobed,  serrated,  hairy  on  both  sides :  pedi- 
cels very  short,  very  hairy,  thickened  below  the  flower,  axillary  or 
racemose  by  the  absence  of  leaves :  involucel  leaves  about  10,  linear : 
segments  of  the  calyx  linear ;  corolla  tubular  below,  much  longer 
than  the  calyx :  capsule  nearly  globose :  seeds  glabrous,  slightly 
tubercled  :  flowers  large,  sulphur  with  a  dark -purple  eye. 

Dindigul.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(7)  H.  ROSA-SINENSIS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  49. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  448.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  194. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  II.  t.  16. — Rumph.  Ajnb*  IV.  t.  8.—* 
Bot.  Mag.  V.  t.  158.— Bot.  Reg.  XXI.  t.  1826, 


71 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Stem  arborescent :  leaves  ovate,  glabrous,  or 
slightly  sprinkled  with  a  few  hairs  on  the  nerves  beneath,  coarsely 
toothed  towards  the  apex,  entire  towards  the  base :  pedicels  axil- 
lary, jointed  above  their  middle :  involucel  leaves  6-7,  linear,  half 
as  long  as  the  calyx,  which  is  tubular  and  5-cleft :  flowers  large, 
crimson. 

Interior  of  Hindostan.  In  gardens  throughout  the  Peninsula. 
Flowering  all  the  year.  The  petals  are  astringent  and  are  used  for 
blackening  shoes,  whence  the  common  name  of  shoe-flower.  There 
are  several  varieties,  with  red,  yellow,  and  flesh-coloured  flowers. 

(8)  H.  CANESCENS.     (Heyne.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  49. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  shrubby :  leaves  roundish-cordate,  slightly 
and  acutely  lobed,  upper  ones  sometimes  entire,  repand,  distantly 
toothed,  harshly  tomentose  below  :  stipules  long,  bristly  :  pedicels 
short,  angled,  thickened  below  the  flower  :  involucel  leaves  5,  linear- 
subulate,  sharply  pointed,  striated  lengthwise :  calyx  5-cleft :  se- 
pals 3-nerved. 

Mysore.     Madura.     Gingie  Hills. 

(9)    H.  PANDURIFORMIS.       ( Burm.  ) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  50. — Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  445.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  196. 

Syn<     H.  tubulosus,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  447. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Ind.  t.  47.  f.  2.— Cav.  Diss.  III.  t.  68.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  stem  not  prickly,  pubescent  and  hairy  : 
leaves  cordate,  unequally  toothed,  upper  side  hispid,  under  softly 
tomentose,  lower  ones  slightly  5 -lobed  :  pedicels  axillary,  1 -flower- 
ed, very  short :  involucel  leaves  8,  linear,  slightly  spathulate, 
spreading  or  recurved  at  the  apex :  calyx  5-cleft ;  capsule  ovoid, 
pointed,  very  hairy  :  flowers  large,  sulphur,  with  a  dark -purple  eye. 

Southern  Provinces,  flowering  in  October  and  November. 
(10)  H.  CANNABINUS.     (Linn. ) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  50. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  450. — Roxb, 
fl.  Jnd.  III.  p.  208. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  JI.  t.  190. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  stem  prickly  :  leaves  5-partite,  segments 
narrow-lanceolate,  serrated,  with  a  gland  beneath  the  middle  nerve ; 
flowers  axillary,  nearly  sessile :  involucel  leaves  usually  9,  bristly  : 
calyx  divided  beyond  the  middle :  segments  covered  with  a  few 
prickles,  with  a  large  gland  about  the  middle  of  each  nerve :  fruit 
nearly  globose,  very  hairy :  flowers  large,  sulphur,  with  a  daik- 
brown  eye. 

Negapatam.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 


72 

(11)  H.  VITIFOLIUS.     (Linn.} 

Ident.  W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  50. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  450. — Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  200. 

Syn.     H.  obtusifolius,  Willd.— *H.  truncatus,  Roxb,  Hort.  Beng> 
Enfjrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  46. 

SPFC.  CHAR.  Biennial :  stem  with  very  few  prickles :  leaves 
roundish-cordate,  toothed  or  crenated,  acutely  5-lohed,  upper  side 
smooth  or  tomentose,  under  softly  tomentose :  involucel  leaves 
about  12,  subulate:  segments  of  the  calyx  triangular:  carpels 
hairy,  compressed  at  the  back  into  a  short  wing  :  seeds  slightly 
tubercled  :  flowers  large,  sulphur,  with  a  dark-purple  eye. 

Negapatam.     Malabar.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(12)  H.  ERIOCARPUS.     (Dec.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  51.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  452.— Hoxb. 
fl.  Jnd.  III.  p.  198. 

Syn.     II.  collinus,  Itoxb.  Hort.  Beng. — H.  simplex,  (7.  Don. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree,  without  prickles  :  leaves  glabrous  or 
slightly  hairy,  cordate,  3-lobed  :  lobes  toothed  or  entire :  involucel 
leaves  8-9,  oblong-acuminated,  waved,  slightly  toothed,  often  split 
down  the  middle,  corolla  very  spreading :  claws  witli  a  tuft  of  hair 
on  each  side  :  capsule  orbicular,  slightly  flattened,  and  very  hairy 
both  within  and  without :  flowers  very  large,  pale  rose,  with  a  dark 
blood-coloured  eye. 

Bengal.     Circars.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(13)  II,  IIIRTUS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  51. 

Syn.  II.  Rosa  Malabarica,  Kon. — H.  phoeniceus,  Willd.' — Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  194.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  452. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  X.  t.  1.— Pluk.  t.  254.  f.  3.— Cav.  Diss. 
III.  t.  67.  f.  2.— Wight's  Icon.  t.  41.— Bot.  Reg.  IV.  t.  337. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby  :  leaves  ovate,  acutely  3-lobed,  serrated, 
harsh,  slightly  hairy,  with  a  large  gland  beneath  on  the  middle  nerve: 
serratures  in  the  young  leaves  bristly  at  the  apex  :  petioles  hairy  : 
pedicels  axillary,  hairy,  longer  than  the  leaf,  jointed  a  little  below 
the  flowers :  involucel  leaves  5-7,  hairy,  shorter  than  the  calyx  : 
calyx  deeply  cleft :  segments  linear-lanceolate,  hairy  :  seeds  cover- 
ed with  soft  wool :  flowers  middle-sized,  scarlet. 

Coromandel  and  Malabar.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(14)  H.  MicRANTiius.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  51.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  453, 
Syn.     H.  rigidus,  Linn. — Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  195, 
Engrav.     Cav.  Diss.  III.  t.  66.  f.  1. 


73 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby:  leaves  ovate,  entire,  acutely  serrated^ 
rough  with  hairs  t  pedicels  axillary,  longer  than  the  leaf:  involu- 
cel  leaves  7,  bristly  :  corolla  reflexed,  seeds  woolly  :'  flowers  small) 
white. 

Peninsula.     Deccan.    Kattywar.    Flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 

(15)  H.  SCANDENS.     (Dalz.  MSS.) 
fdent.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  20. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  subscandent,  unbranched,  slender:  leaves 
palmately  7-lobed :  lobes  narrow,  acute,  dentate,  glabrous :  flowers 
axillary,  solitary,  small,  pale-yellow,  with  a  purple  eye. 

Coast  of  Kattywar. 

(16)  H.  PUNCTATUS.     (Dah.) 
fdent.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  20. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Under-shrub,  3-4  feet  high :  leaves  unequally  3* 
lobed,  middle  lobe  very  long,  crenate-dentate :  pedicels  solitary, 
axillary,  longer  than  the  petiole  :  calyx  divided  to  the  middle  :  seg- 
ments acuminate,  all  the  younger  parts  glutinous  and  pubescent : 
capsule  ovoid :  seeds  black,  muricated  :  flowers  very  small,  pale 
rose-coloured. 

Broach  Collectorate. 

(17)    H.  HEPTAPHYLLUS.       ( Ddl%.  fy  Gibs.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  20. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect,  4-5  feet  high,  covered  with 
prickly  hairs  :  leaves  long-petioled,  palmately  5-7-divided :  leaflets 
lanceolate,  serrate  :  pedicels  axillary,  solitary  :  involucel  leaves 
about  9,  linear,  subulate,  bristly,  rather  longer  than  the  segments 
of  the  calyx  :  capsule  ovoid,  pointed,  covered  with  bristles  :  flowers 
large,  yellow,  with  a  purple  eye. 

Mountain  valleys  in  Western  India. 

(18)  H.  SCANDENS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Tnd.  III.  p.  200. 

SPXC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  :  leaves  cordate,  3-lobed,  downy 
beneath :  stem  hairy :  involucel  leaves  6,  about  as  long  as  the 
calyx  :  flowers  large,  pale-sulphur,  with  dark-brown  eye. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  March. 

GENUS  VI.    PARITIUM. 
moiuutolphia  Polyandrla.    Sex  .•  Syst  j 

Deriv.     The  Malabar  name  Latinized. 

GEN,  CHAR.     Trees  or  shrubs,  with  entire,  crenated  or  lobed 


74 

leaves :  peduncles  l-flowerecf,  axillary  or  terminal,  and  famished 
•with  two  bracteoles :  involucel  10-14-toothed  or  cleft,  shorter  thart 
the  calyx  :  petals  not  auricled :  style  5-cleft :  stigmas  5,  exserted 
beyond  the  5-toothed  staminiferous  tube  :  capsules  5-celled,  5-valv- 
edr  appearing  10-celled  by  the  introflexiori  of  the  valves:  cells 
several-seeded. 

(1)    P.  TILIACEUM.       (St.  HH.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  52. 

Syn.  Hibiscus  tiliaceus,  Linn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  454. — Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  192. — H.  similis,  Blume. — H.  elatus,  circinnatus 
and  guineensis,  Dec.  I.  c. 

Enyrav.  Rumph.  Amb.  II.  t.  73. — Rheede  Mai.  I.  t.  30. — 
Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  7. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  crenulatedr  roundish-cordate, 
suddenly  acuminated,  hoary  on  the  under  side  :  stipules  broad, 
ovate  :  involucel  10-lobed  :  flowers  large,  sulphur,  with  a  dark 
blood-coloured  eye. 

Malabar  and  Travancore.     Rutnagherry.   Flowering  all  the  year. 

(2)    P.  MACROPIIYLLUM.       (G.  Don.) 

Ident.     Don's  Mill  I.  p.  485. 

Syn.  Hibiscus  Macrophyllus,  Roxb.  Hort.  Betig.  p.  51. — Dec. 
prod.  I.  p.  455. 

Engrav.     Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  I.  t.  51. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  40  feet:  leaves  roundish-cordate,  acuminat- 
ed, crenulated,  pale  and  glandular  beneath  :  petioles  and  peduncles 
tomentose  :  involucel  leaves  12-14  :  seeds  bearded  on  the  margins  : 
flowers  terminal  and  axillary,  solitary  or  twin,  large,  yellow,  with  a 
purple  eye. 

Bengal.     Chittagong.     Silhet. 

GENUS  VII.    DECASCHISTIA. 
IHonaclelplita  Pol j  anilria.    Sex .-  Syst 

Deriv.  From  DeJca,  ten,  and  Schizo,  to  split,  alluding  to  the 
10-valved  capsules. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft  r  involucel  leaves  10,  more  or  less 
unequally  united  below :  petals  not  auricled:  style  10-cieft:  stig- 
mas 10:  capsule  10-celled,  10-valved,  the  valves  attached  by  the 
base  to  a  10-angled  central  column. 

(1)   D.  CROTONIFOLIA.       (  W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  52. 
Syn.     Hibiscus  crotonifolius,  Wall. 

Pvtivrt*        Wto-V»t'«  Trnn.  f-  42. 


73 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Shrub  :  leaves  coriaceous,  ovate  entire  or  slightly 
lobed,  coarsely  toothed,  covered  on  both  sides  with  velvety  down, 
whitish  beneath :  middle  nerve  beneath  with  a  gland  near  its  base  : 
feeds  solitary  in  each  cell,  naked. 

Mysore  and  Madura,  on  high  hills. 

(2)  D.  TRILOBATA.     (Wight.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb,  flor  p.  21. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  88. 

*  SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial,  herbaceous,  tomentose :  leaves  deeply 
3-lobed :  lobes  narrow,  serrate  on  the  margin :  stipules  subulate, 
longer  than  the  petiole^. 

Common  on  the  Ram  Ghaut.     Belgaum.     Flowering  in  October. 

GENUS  VIII.    ABELMOSCHUS. 
Klonaflelplila  Poly  and  ria.    Sex.  Syst: 

Deriv.     From  Habb-el-misk,  the  Arabic  for  a  grain  of  musk. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed,  spathaceous,  surrounded  by  a 
5-10  leaved  involucel :  ovary  5-celled  :  cells  many-ovuled :  style 
1,  5-cleft  at  the  apex,  with  5  stigmas:  capsule  5-celled,  many- 
seeded. 

(1)    A.  ESCULENTUS.       (  W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  53. 

Syn.     Hibiscus  esculentus,  Linn.  Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  450. — H.  Ion- 
gifolius,  mild.  Roxb.Jl.  Lid.  III.  p.  210. 
Engrav.     Cav.  Diss.  III.  t.  61.  f.  2.  " 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Biennial :  stem  hairy,  but  without  prickles  :  leaves 
long-petioled,  cordate,  3— 5-lobed,  toothed,  scabrous  on  both  sides  : 
pedicels  very  short:  involucel  leaves  10,  deciduous:  capsule  pyra- 
midal, elongated :  flowers  large,  sulphur,  with  a  dark  blood-colour- 
ed eye. 

A  native  both  of  the  East  and  West  Indies.  The  capsule  which 
is  known  as  the  Bandikai,  is  a  most  nutritive  and  agreeable  vege- 
table, and  widely  distributed  throughout  this  country. 

(2)  A.  ANGULOSUS.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  53. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  951. — Spicil.  t.  17. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  stems  not  prickly  :  leaves  cordate,  5- 
lobed,  unequally  toothed,  upper  side  softly  pubescent,  under,  tomen- 
tose :  pedicels  about  as  long  as  the  petioles,  hairy  :  involucel  very 


caducous :    calyx  conical :    capsule  ovoid,  very  hispid :    floweri 
large,  sulphur,  with  a  dark  blood-coloured  eye. 

Neilgherries. 

(3)  A.  RUGOSUS.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  53. 

Syn.     Hibiscus  hirtus,  Burch.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  203. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  hispidly  hairy,  except  the  pedicels  :  stem 
not  prickly  :  leaves  5-lobed,  toothed,  tomentose  :  upper  lobes  lan- 
ceolate, acuminated,  lower  ones  oblong,  pointing  downwards :  pedi- 
cels arranged  in  a  terminal,  leafless  raceme :  involucel  leaves  10, 
bristly,  persistent :  capsule  ovoid,  hairy  :  flowers  large,  sulphur, 
with  a  dark  blood-coloured  eye. 

Madura  Hills,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(4)  A.  MOSCHATUS.     (Moench.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  53. 

Syn.     Hibiscus  moschatus,  Roxb.  —  H.  Abelmoschus,   Linn. 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  452. — Roxb.fi.  Ind.  III.  p.  202. 

Engrav.  Rheede  MaL  II.  t.  38.— Humph.  Amb.  IV.  t.  15. — 
Wight's  Icon.  t.  399. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  stem  rough  with  hairs,  not  prickly : 
leaves  hispid  with  rigid  hairs,  coarsely  toothed,  deeply  5-7-lobed  : 
lobes  oblong  or  lanceolate,  acuminated  :  pedicels  harshly  pubescent, 
axillary,  about  as  long  as  the  petioles :  involucel  leaves  6-10,  li- 
near, hairy,  somewhat  persistent :  capsule  oblong,  hairy :  flowers 
large,  sulphur,  with  a  dark  blood-coloured  eye. 

Madura  and  Courtallum.  Bengal,  extending  northwards  to  the 
foot  of  the  Himalayas.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(5)  A.  FICULNEUS.     (  W.  $  A>) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  53. 

Syn.  Hibiscus  ficulneus,  Linn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  448. — H. 
prostratus,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  208. — Lagunca  aculeata,  Cav. 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  474. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  154.— Cav.  Diss,  III.  t.  71.  f.  1.— 
Lam.  111.  t.  57Y. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  stem  prickly,  with  small,  sharp  tuber- 
cles :  leaves  hispidly  hairy,  palmately  5-lobed,  upper  ones  3-lobed : 
lobes  narrower  towards  the  base,  unequally  toothed  :  upper  pedicels 
arranged  in  a  leafless  raceme  :  involucel  leaves  5,  lanceolate,  very 
.caducous  :  calyx  oblong,  hispidly  tomentose :  fruit  ovoid,  covered 
with  harsh  tomentum  :  flowers  white,  with  a  rose-coloured  eye. 

Southern  provinces  of  the  Peninsula  and  the  Northern  Circari, 
Flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 


(6)   A.  TETRAPHYLLUS.       (Wall.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  19. 

Syn.  Hibiscus  tetrapbyllus,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  311. — D*c. 
prod .  I.  p.  448. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  erect :  stems  hairy :  leaves  long-petioled, 
palmately  lobed,  toothed  :  involucel  leaves  4 :  capsule  hairy :  flow- 
ers yellow,  with  a  dark-purple  eye. 

Woods  about  Calcutta.  Girgam  woods,  Bombay.  Meera  Hills, 
(Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(7)  A.  WARREENSIS.     (Dah.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  19.— Hook.  Journ.  Bot.  III.  p.  123. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  rough  with  bristles :  leaves  broadly  cordate, 
acuminate,  coarsely  crenated,  sprinkled  with  stiff  hairs  on  both 
sides  :  involucel  leaves  4,  persistent :  flowers  fascicled,  terminal,  or 
on  short  axillary  branches. 

Warree  country,  Bombay.  Flowers  yellow,  with  a  purple  eye, 
appearing  in  January. 

GENUS  IX.    THESPESIA. 
monadelplif a  Polyandrla.    Sex .  Syst  - 

Deriv.  From  Thespesios,  divine,  alluding  to  the  species  being 
planted  near  temples  or  sacred  buildings. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  with  cordate,  acuminated,  quite 
entire  leaves  :  calyx  truncated,  surrounded  by  a  caducous,  3-leaved 
involucel :  style  5-furrowed  towards  the  apex,  and  5-pointed :  car- 
pels 5,  united  into  a  5-celled  capsule  :  cells  about  4-seeded. 

(1)  T.  POPULNEA.  (Corr.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  54. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  456. 

Syn.  Hibiscus  populneus,  Linn.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III. 49.  190.— 
Maivaviscus  populneus,  Gaertn. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  1. 1.  8. — Rheede  Mai.  1. 1.29. — Humph. 
Amb.  II.  t.  74. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  roundish-cordate,  acuminated,  entire, 
smooth  :  pedicels  about  as  long  as  the  petioles  :  capsule  spherical, 
depressed,  indehiscent :  flowers  large,  yellow,  with  a  purple  eye. 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)  T.  LAMPAS.     (Dah.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  19. 

Syn.     Hibiscus  Lampas,  Cav.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  447, — Roxb.  Jtt 


Ind.  III.  p.  197. — W.  $  A.  prod.  I.  p.  48. — Paritium  Gangeticura, 
G.  Don. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t,  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  3-4  feet  high  :  leaves  cordate,  3-lobed  : 
lobes  spreading,  acuminated  :  upper  sides  slightly  hairy,  under  to- 
mentose :  peduncles  axillary,  3-flowered,  with  small  bracts  at  the 
base  of  the  pedicels ;  involucel  leaves  5—7,  springing  from  the 
thickened  apex  of  the  pedicel :  calyx  truncated,  with  5  small  teeth  : 
capsule  ovoid :  flowers  large,  sulphur,  with  a  purple  eye. 

Travancore,  Concans  and  Western  Ghauts,  flowering  nearly  all 
the  year.  This  species  is  also  found  in  Bengal  and  Upper  India, 
extending  to  the  foot  of  the  Himalayas. 

GENUS  X.     GOSSYPIUM. 
Ifloiiadelplila  Polyaiulrla.    Sex  -  Syst  - 

Deriv.  A  name  applied  by  Pliny  to  a  cotton-bearing  shrub 
growing  in  Egypt. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs:  calyx  cup-shaped,  obtusely  5-toothed: 
involucel  leaves  3  :  segments  united,  cordate  at  the  base,  deeply 
cut,  or  irregularly  toothed  :  style  3-5-furrowed  towards  the  apex  : 
stigmas  3-5  :  capsules  3-5-celled,  3-5-valved  at  the  apex,  loculi- 
cidal :  seeds  numerous,  imbedded  in  cotton. 

(1)  G,  ALBUM,     (flam.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  54. 

Syn.  G.  herbaceum,  Linn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  456. — G.  hirsu- 
tum,  do. — G.  tricuspidatum,  Lam. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  I.  t.  31.— Wight's  Icon,  t,  911, — Royle. 
111.  p.  98.  t.  23.  f.  1.— Rumph.  Amb.  IV.  t.  12. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  5-lobed  :  lobes  roundish,  mucronate :  in- 
volucel serrated  :  stem  smooth  :  flowers  yellow,  with  purple  spotted 
eye  :  seeds  and  cotton  both  white. 

Guzerat  and  the  Deccan.  Extensively  cultivated,  though  pro- 
bably not  indigenous  to  India. 

(2)  G.  OBTUSIPOLIUM.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p,  183.— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  21.— 
Royle's  111.  p.  98. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  branched,  diffuse  :  leaves  small,  with  3, 
rarely  5,  ovate,  entire  lobes :  stipules  falcate  :  exterior  calyx  with 
entire  divisions :  capsules  ovate :  cells  3-seeded  :  cotton  greenish- 
grey. 

Deccan,  on  dry  soils.  This  species  is  supposed  to  be  the  parent 
of  the  common  cultivated  cotton.  It  is  common  on  the  limestone 
rocks  of  the  Scinde  coast, 


79 

GENUS  XL    LAGUNEA, 
Monadelphia  Polyaiidrla.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  Named  after  Andreas  Laguna,  a  Spanish  Botanist  of  th* 
•ixteenth  century. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  persistent,  without  an  involucel : 
ovary  5-celled :  style  5-cleft  at  the  apex  :  capsule  5-celled,  5-valv- 
ed,  loculicidal :  cells  5-6- seeded. 

L.  LOB  AT  A.     (Willd.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  55.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  474. 

Syn.  Solandria  lobata,  Murr. — Triguera  acerifolia,  Cav.  Diss, 
I.  p.  41.  t.  11. — Hibiscue  solandra,  VHer. — Sida  diversifolia, 
Spreng.  Syst.  III.  p.  116. 

Engrav.     Lam.  111.  t.  580. — L'Her.  Stirp.  Nov.  t.  49. 

SPEC.  CHAH.  Annual :  lower  leaves  cordate,  upper  palmate, 
uppermost  trifid  :  pedicels  1 -flowered,  arranged  in  a  terminal,  leaf- 
less raceme  :  flowers  smallish,  white. 

Dindigul  and  Gingie  Hills.  Coromandel.  Monghur.  Flower- 
ing in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  XII.    ABUTILON. 
llonaflelpltla  Polyandrla.    Sex-  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  the  Greek  term  for  the  Mulberry,  owing  to  the 
resemblance  to  that  plant  in  the  leaves. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  persistent,  without  an  involucel  : 
ovary  5  or  many-celled  :  styles  5  or  more  :  stigmas  capitate  :  cap- 
sule composed  of  several-seeded,  2-valved  cocci :  peduncles  axil- 
lary, solitary,  rarely  in  pairs,  1  or  many-flowered,  sometimes  form- 
ing terminal  spikes  by  the  abortion  of  the  leaves. 

(1)    A.   POLYANDRUM,       (W.  fy  4.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  55. 

Syn.  Sida  polyandra,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  173. — S.  persica, 
Dec.  prod.  I.  473. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Ind.  t.  47.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  leaves  roundish-cordate,  with  a  sudden 
longish  acumination,  repand-toothed :  peduncles  arranged  in  ter- 
minal racemes:  carpels  5,  twice* as  long  as  the  calyx:  flowers 
largish,  yellow. 

Neilgherries,  Nundidroog.  Hills  about  Khandalla,  Flowet- 
ing  nearly  all  the  year. 


80 

(2)  A.  CRISPUM.     (0.  Don.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prc-d.  I.  p.  56. 

Syn.  Sida  crispa,  Linn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  469.—Roxb.  Jl.  Ind. 
III.  p.  177. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  1. 1.  68. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial,  leaves  cordate,  acuminated,  crenated, 
whitish  and  slightly  velvety,  upper  ones  nearly  sessile :  pedicels 
solitary :  calyx  reflexed :  fruit  globose,  inflated :  carpels  12-13, 
not  awned,  hairy  on  the  back  :  flowers  middle-sized,  yellow. 

Coromandel,  Gingie  Hills,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(3)  A.  INDICUM.     (G.  Dow.) 
Utnt.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  56. 

Syn.  Sida  Indica,  Linn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  471. — S.  populifolia, 
Lam.  Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  470. — A.  Asiaticum,  G.  Don. — S.  Asiatica, 
Linn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  470. — Roxb.fi.  Ind.  III.  p.  179. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  12.— Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  65.— 
Humph.  Amb.  IV.  t.  11. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial :  leaves  cordate,  somewhat  lobed,  to- 
mentose,  unequally  toothed :  stipules  reflexed :  pedicels  erect, 
jointed  near  the  flower :  calyx  segments  ovate,  acute :  capsule 
truncated,  hairy :  carpels  about  20,  acute,  not  awned :  flowers 
orange. 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(4)  A.  HIRTUM.     (  G.  Don.} 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  L  p.  56. 

Syn.     Sida  hirta,  Lam.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  470.— S,  pilosa,  7/jffer, 

Engrav.     L'Her.  Stirp.  Nov.  p.  130. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  branches  pubescent,  sprinkled  with  hairs : 
leaves  cordate,  acuminated,  toothed,  tomentose  beneath :  pedicels 
longer  than  the  petioles,  jointed  near  the  flower :  segments  of  the 
calyx  ovate,  pointed :  capsule  truncated,  very  hairy  :  carpels  15-20, 
acute :  flowers  pale  yellow. 

Peninsula)  flowering  in  July  and  August. 

(5)   A.  ORAVEOLENS.   (W.fyA.) 

Ident.    W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  56. 

Syn.     Sida  graveolens,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  473. 

Engrav.     Rumph.  Amb.  IV.  p.  29.  t.  10. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial :  branches  pubescent :  leaves  cordate, 
toothed,  velvety  on  both  sides  :  pedicels  jointed  near  the  flower : 
segments  of  the  calyx  ovate,  with  a  long  point ;  corolla  at  length 


81 

reflexed  :  capsule  hairy  :  carpels  25-30,  acute  :  flowers  large,  deep 
orange. 
Peninsula.     Bengal.     Hindosian.    Flowering  in  the  cold  season* 

(6)   A.  TOMENTOSITM.      (  W.  fy  A^ 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  56. 

Syn.     Sida  tomentosa,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  178. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  branches  pubescent  and  hairy  :  leaves 
round,  cordate,  tomentose,  toothed  :  pedicels  jointed  near  the  flower, 
thickish,  usually  aranged  in  an  axillary,  leafless  raceme :  calyx 
very  tomentose  :  segments  short  and  broad,  long-pointed  :  petals 
obliquely  obcordate :  capsule  globose,  depressed,  very  tomentose, 
shorter  than  the  calyx  :  carpels  kidney-shaped  :  flowers  large,  light 
orange. 

Peninsula.     Bengal.    Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 
(7)  A.  SIDOIDES.     (Dalz.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  18. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Fruticose,  erect :  leaves  round-cordate,  acutely  3- 
lobed,  coarsely  crenated,  slightly  ciliated  on  the  margin  :  peduncles 
axillary,  solitary,  bearing  2  pedicels  which  are  jointed  in  the  mid- 
dle :  calyx  cleft  to  the  middle  :  segments  suddenly  acuminated : 
carpels  5-7,  covered  with  glutinous  pubescence,  bicuspidate,  twice 
as  long  as  the  calyx,  3-seeded  :  seeds  tubercled  :  flowers  very  small, 
yellow. 

Cambay. 

GENUS  XIII.     SIDA. 

UI<maileli» Itia  Poly aittlria*    Sex:  Syst  • 

Deriv.     A  name  applied  by  Theophrastus  to  a  malvaceous  plant. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  persistent,  without  an  involucel : 
ovary  5,  or  many-celled,  with  one  ovule  in  each  cell :  styles  equal 
in  number  to  the  cells  :  stigmas  capitate  :  capsules  consisting  of  5 
or  more  I -seeded,  2-valved  cocci. 

(1)  S.  ACUTA.     (Burm.} 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  57.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  460. 

Syn.  S.  lanceolata,  Retz. — S.  Stauntoniana,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p, 
460. — S.  coparia,  Lour. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  95.— ftheede  Mai.  X.  t.  53.— 
Humph.  Amb.  VI.  t.  18. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby :  leaves  narrow-lanceolate,  acuminated, 
slightly  sprinkled  above  with  hairs,  coarsely  serrated  :  stipules 
linear,  acuminated,  ciliated,  often  longer  than  the  petiole ;  pedicels 


S2 

fcxillary,  solitary,  jointed  about  the  middle  :  carpels  5-9,  birostrate : 
flowers  smallish,  yellow. 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)  8.  SCABRIDA.     (W.SfA.} 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  57. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  The  whole  plant  sprinkled  with  hairs  :  leaves  ob- 
long-lanceolate, green  on  both  sides  :  stipules  subulate,  striated, 
ciliated,  longer  than  the  petiole  :  pedicels  axillary,  solitary,  3-4 
times  as  long  as  the  stipules,  jointed  at  the  base :  carpels  9-11, 
bicuspidate. 

Peninsula. 

(«'>)    S.  P.IIOMBOIDEA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  57.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  Ill,  p.  176.— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  462. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby  :  leaves  rhomboid-lanceolate,  serrated, 
under  side  tomentose :  stipules  subulate,  longer  than  the  petiole  : 
pedicels  jointed  at  the  base,  axillary,  solitary,  usually  collected  into 
leafy  corymbs  at  the  extremity  of  the  branches:  caipcls  8-11, 
slightly  bicuspidate  :  flowers  smallish,  pale,  yellow. 

Peninsula  and  Bengal,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 
(4)  S.  RETUSA,     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  58.— Roxb.  fl,  Ind.  III.  p.  175,— 
Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  462. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai,   X.  t.  18. — Rumph.  Amb.  VI.  t.  19. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  obovate,  retuse,  toothed  towards 
the  apex  :  tomentose  beneath  :  stipules  longer  than  the  petiole : 
pedicels  axillary,  1 -flowered,  jointed  about  the  middle  :  carpels  7- 
10,  birostrate:  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Peninsula  and  Malabar,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(5)  S.  PHILIPPICA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  58.— -Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  462. 
Syn.     S.  chinensis,  Retz. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  obovate,  rounded  and  toothed 
towards  the  apex,  cuneate  at  the  base  :  stipules  longer  than  the 
petiole :  pedicels  axillary,  solitary,  jointed  above  the  middle ;  car- 
pels 8-10,  obtuse. 

Negapatam.     Coromandel. 

(6)  S.  ALNIFOLIA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  58. — Dec,  prod.  I.  p.  461, 
Engrav.     Dill.  Elth,  t.  172,  !'.  211, 


83 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  lower  leaves  roundish-ovate,  toothed, 
slightly  cuneate  at  the  base  :  pedicels  axillary,  several  together, 
shorter  than  the  petiole  :  carpels  5-7,  bicuspidate. 

Coromandel. 

(7)  S.  ALBA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  58. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  460. — Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  174. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  branches  with  one  or  two  prickly  tuber- 
cles below  the  leaves  :  leaves  obovate,  bluntly  serrated,  hoary 
beneath  :  pedicels  solitary,  as  long  as  the  petioles,  or  several  together 
on  an  axillary,  leafless  branch,  jointed  near  the  flower  :  carpels  5, 
birostrate  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Coromandel.     Bengal.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(8)  S.  CORDIFOUA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  58.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  4G4.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  177. 

Syn,    S.  herbacea,  Cav. — S.  rotundifolla,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  464. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  X.  t.  54.— -Pluk.  t.  131.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby  :  perennial :  leaves  cordate,  bluntly  ser- 
rated, velvety  or  tomentose  :  pedicels  axillary,  solitary,  jointed 
near  the  flower,  occasionally  arranged  in  short  axillary,  leafless 
branches :  carpels  9-10,  with  two  hairy,  cetaceous  beaks,  pointing 
downwards  and  as  long  as  the  carpel :  flowers  middle-sized,  yellow* 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 

(9)  S.  MYSORENSIS.     (Herb.  Madr.) 
Ident.    W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  59. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  covered  with  glutinous  hairs :  leaves 
cordate-ovate,  acuminated,  coarsely  toothed,  velvety  or  tomentose 
beneath  :  pedicels  jointed  below  the  flower,  axillary,  shorter  than, 
the  petioles,  accompanied  by  an  axillary  raceme,  which  is  usually 
shorter  than  the  leaves  :  carpels  5,  bicuspidate,  somewhat  tubercled 
at  the  margins,  and  slightly  keeled  on  the  back. 

Coromandel.     Mysore. 

(10)  S.  HUMILIS.     (ITUM.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  59.— -Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  463. — Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  171. 

Syn.  S.  pilosa,  flete.— S.  unilocularis,  I7/cr.— S.  multicaulis, 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  463. 

Engrav.     L'Her.  Stirp.  Nov.  t.  56.— Pluk.  t.  132.  f.  3. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Perennial,  diffuse  :  leaves  roundish,  cordate, 
acute,  serrated,  hairy :  pedicels  jointed  above  the  middle,  hairy, 


84 

ixillary,  solitary,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  or  arranged  in  longisli 
•acemes  with  small  leaves  shorter  than  the  pedicels  :  calyx  hairy  : 
jarpels  5,  not  beaked  :  flowers  very  small,  yellow. 
Common  in  the  Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(11)   S.  MICROPHYLLA.      (CttV.) 

Ident.  Cav.  Diss.  I.  p.  22.— Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  461.— Roxb.  fl, 
End.  III.  p,  170. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Under-shrub  :  leaves  elliptic,  toothed :  pedicels 
ixillary,  solitary,  a  little  longer  than  the  petiole  :  carpels  7,  biros- 
-rate :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Bengal,  flowering  nearly  throughout  the  year. 

(12)    S.  URTIUEFOLIA,       (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  59. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  under-shrub,  covered  with  glutinous 
pubescence  and  otherwise  hairy  :  leaves  cordate,  acuminated,  ser- 
rated :  pedicels  arranged  in  an  axillary,  almost  leafless  corymb, 
rarely  as  long  as  the  petiole  :  calyx  hairy :  carpels  5,  bicuspidate. 

Trichinopoly. 


ORDER  XX.    STERCULIACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs :  leaves  alternate,  simple  or  compound,  occa- 
sionally digitate,  often  toothed :  stipules  deciduous :  flowers 
regular  or  irregular,  sometimes  unisexual  from  abortion :  calyx 
naked  or  with  an  involucre :  sepals  5,  more  or  less  united  a< 
the  base,  valvate  in  estivation :  petals  5,  hypogynous,  convolute 
in  aestivation:  stamens  indefinite,  monadelphous :  anthers  2- 
celled,  turning  outwards :  ovary  of  5,  rarely  3  carpels,  distinct 
or  otherwise :  styles  equal  in  number  to  the  carpels,  distinct  01 
united :  fruit  a  capsule,  drupe,  berry  or  follicle :  seeds  some- 
times in  wool,  or  covered  with  pulp :  albumen  fleshy,  or  none. 

GENUS  I.    HELICTERES. 
Monadelpltia  Decandrla.    Sex.  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Helix,  a  screw,  in  allusion  to  the  twisted  cap- 
sules. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  and  trees,  usually  tomentose  :  leaves  un- 
equally cordate  ;  peduncles  axillary,  few-flowered  :  calyx  somewhai 


85 

5-cleft:  petals  slightly  toothed  at  the  apex  :  stamens  united  into  a 
column  cleft  at  the  apex,  the  fertile  ones  mixed  with  sterile  fila- 
ments:  styles  5:  carpels  1-celled,  many-seeded,  dehiscing  on  the 
inside,  usually  twisted  together  spirally  :  albumen  none. 

(1)  H.  isoRA,     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p,  60.— Dec,  prod.  I.  p.  475.--Roxb, 
fl,  Ind,  III.p,  143. 

Syn.    Isora  corylifolia,  Schott.  fy  Endl. 

Enyrav.  Eheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  30.— Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  150,— 
Humph.  Amb.  VII.  t.  17.  f.  1.— Bot.  Mag.  XLVI.  t.  2061. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  small  tree  or  shrub :  leaves  slightly  cordate, 
roundish-obovate,  suddenly  acuminated,  toothed,  scabrous  above 
and  tomentose  below :  pedicels  2-4  together,  forming  an  almost 
sessile  corymb  :  petals  reflexed ;  fruit  spirally  twisted,  pubescent : 
flowers  red-brick-coloured. 

This  species  extends  from  one  end  of  India  to  the  other,  espe« 
dally  along  the  foot  of  the  Hills. 

GENUS  II.    SALMALIA. 

Moiiatlelfilila  Polyamfria.   Sex:  %/.» 

« 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  ebracteolate,  unequally  2-5-lobed:  petals 
5,  united  and  somewhat  connected  with  the  staminiferous  column : 
anthers  inserted  by  the  middle :  capsule  large,  woody,  5-celled,  5- 
valved:  seeds  albuminous,  embedded  in  silky  cotton:  flowers 
scarlet  or  white,  usually  springing  from  the  trunk  or  branches, 
either  singly  or  several  together, 

(1)  S.  MALABARICA.    (Schott.  $  Endl.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  61. 

Syn.  Bornbax  Malabaricum,  Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  479. — B.  hepta- 
phyllum,  Cav.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  167.— -B.  ceiba,  Burm.  ft. 
Ind. 

Engrav.  Wight's  111.  I,  t,  29.— Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  247  — 
Rheede  Ma.1.  Ill,  t.  52. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Large  tree:  trunk  prickly :  leaves  palmate :  leaf* 
lets  5-7,  quite  entire,  acuminated  at  both  ends:  fruit  oblong: 
flowers  very  large,  deep-red. 

This  species  extends  from  one  end  of  India  to  the  other,  flower- 
ing  in  February  and  March. 


86 

GENUS  III.    ERIODENDRON, 
JHoitadelpltia  Polyaitdrla.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Tliion,  wool,  and  Dendront  a  tree,  the  capsules 
being  filled  with  cotton. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  irregularly  5-lobed  :  lobes  usually  in  pairs: 
petals  united  at  the  base,  and  cohering  to  the  staininiferous  column  : 
filaments  jointed  at  the  base,  but  collected  upwards  into  5  slender 
bundles,  each  beaiing  2-3  bent  anthers:  style  crowned  by  a  5-6- 
cleft  stigma  :  capsule  and  seeds  as  in  Salmalia. 

(1)    E.   ANFRACTUOSUM.       (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  61.  —  Dec,  prod.  I.^p.  479. 

Syn.  Bombax  pentandrum,  Linn.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  165.—  • 
Coiba  pentandra,  Gaertn. 

Engraft.  Wight's  Icon,  II.  t.  400.—  Rbeede  Mai,  III.  t.  49,  51, 
—Humph.  Amb.  I.  t.  80. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Tree  :  trunk  prickly  at  the  base  :  leaves  palmate  : 
leaflets  5-8,  quite  entire  or  slightly  serrate  towards  the  apex,  lan- 
ceolate, mucronate  :  flowers  whitish. 

Peninsula.  Bengal.  Hindostan.  Flowering  in  February  and 
March, 

GENUS  TV.     STERCULIA. 
Moitweia  Hloiiafleliriila.    Sex:  Syst: 


Deriv.  From  the  Latin  word  Stercor,  in  allusion  to  the  fetid 
smell  of  the  flowers  of  some  of  the  specks. 

GEN,  CHAR.  Trees,  with  simple  or  compound  leaves  :  calyx  5- 
lobed  :  anthers  10-20,  in  one  or  two  rows,  solitary  or  in  threes  : 
ovary  stalked  or  sessile  :  follicles  5,  distinct,  1-celled,  1  or  many- 
seeded,  dehiscent  :  seeds  with  oily  albumen. 

(1)  S,  ALATA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.    Don's  Mill.  I.  p.  51G.—Roxb.  fl,  Ind.  III.  p.  182, 
Syn.     Pterygota  Roxburghii,  Schott.  $•  EndL 
Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  IE.  t.  287. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Tree  :  leaves  broad,  ovate,  acuminated,  quite  en- 
tire, cordate  at  the  base  :  sepals  reflexed,  long-lanceolate,  rusty  on 
the  outside  :  racemes  axillary,  solitary,  shorter  than  the  petioles  : 
fiowers  largish,  rusty-coloured,  streaked  with  crimson  and  yellow, 

Silhet.    Chittagong,    Flowering  in  February  and  March. 


87 

(2)  S,  BALANGHAS.     (Linn.} 

Ident.    W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  62,—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  482, 

Syn»     Southwellia  Balanghas,  Schott.  $  Endl. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  30.-—  Rhecde  Mai.  X.  t.  49. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  elliptic-oblong,  rounded  at  the  base,  en- 
tire :  flowers  panicled  :  calyx  campanulate  :  segments  long,  linear, 
cohering  at  the  apex  :  fruit  stalked  :  carpels  ovate,  many-seeded  : 
flowers  small,  flesh-coloured. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(3)  S.  FETIDA.     (Linn.} 

Ident.  W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  63.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  483,—  Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  154. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  181,  164.—  Rumph.  Amb.  III.  1.  107. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  compound,  peltate  :  leaflets  7-9,  oblong- 
lanceolate,  young  ones  slightly  pubescent  :  flowers  panicled  :  calyx 
deeply  divided  :  segments  patent,  lanceolate,  slightly  velvety  in- 
side :  anthers  15  :  carpels  oblong,  many-seeded  :  flowers  scarletish- 
sulphur,  very  fetid. 

Peninsula.     Bengal.     Flowering  in  March. 


(4)    S.   GUTTATA. 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  62.—Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  482.—  Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  148. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  487.—  Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  61. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broadly  ovate  or  oblong,  obtuse  or  sud- 
denly acuminated,  entire,  upper  side  shining,  young  leaves  densely 
pubescent  beneath  :  racemes  somewhat  fascicled  .  calyx  deeply  5- 
cleft,  tomentose  .  segments  lanceolate,  distinct  :  flowers  yellow, 
with  purple  glands  inside. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  December. 

(5)  S.  POPUIIFOLIA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  62.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  148, 

Syn.     Hildegardia  populifolia,  Schott.  $r  Endh 

Engrav.     Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  I.  t.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  roundish-cordate,  acuminated,  entire  : 
racemes  axillary,  branched,  shorter  than  the  leaves  :  sepals  linear, 
elongated,  revolute  :  ovules  numerous  :  carpels  ovate,  ventricose, 
terminated  by  a  wing  the  shape  of  a  pruning  knife,  long-stalked, 
villous  inside  :  flowers  large,  scarlet. 

Coromandel, 


(6)  S.  COLORATA. 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod  I,  p.  63.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  483.— Rox?>. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  146. 

Syn.     Erythropsis  Roxburghiana,  Lindl. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  23. — Hook.  Icon.  II.  t.  143. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  palmately  5-lobed :  segments  acuminated  : 
calyx  cylindrical,  clavate  :  carpels  oblong,  .glabrous,  long-stalked  r 
calyx  and  carpels  reddish-orange-coloured:  Sowers  large,  red. 

Hurdwar.  Circars  and  Courtallum.  Flowering  in  the  cold 
season. 

(7)  S.  URENS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  63.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  483.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  145. 

Syn.     CavalHum  urens,  Schott.  fy  EndL 
Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  1.  t.  24. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  palmately  5-lobed,  soft  and  velvety  be- 
neath, segments  acuminated  :  calyx  campanulate :  carpels  ovate,, 
hispid  with  bristly  hairs,  pubescent  within,  with  several  seeds  in 
each :  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Courtallum,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(8)  S.  VILLOSA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  63.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  153.— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  483. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  deeply  5-7-lobed,  soft  and  velvety  be- 
neath :  segments  acuminated,  deeply  toothed  :  calyx  patent :  car- 
pels rough  with  stellate  pubescence  :  racemes  of  flowers  yellow, 
very  long,  pendulous. 

Coromandel.  South  Concans,  Canara.  Forests  from  Hurdwar 
to  the  Jumna.  Flowering  in  December. 

(9)  S.  COCCINEA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  151. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  482. 
Syn.     Southwellia  coccinea,  Salisb. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  oblong,  lanceolate,  acuminat- 
ed :  racemes  axillary  and  lateral :  calyx  segments  linear,  patent : 
carpels  scarlet :  flowers  largish,  greenish-yellow,  tinged  with  rose. 

Silhet.    Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

GENUS  V.    CULLENIA. 
Monadelpliia  Folyandrla.    Sex:  Syst. 
Deriv.     In   honor  of  Major- General  Cullen,  Resident  of  Tra* 


*  GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed :  corolla  none :  involucre  3- 
toothed,  deciduous  :  filaments  long-exserted,  pentadelphous  above  : 
anthers  1 -celled,  echinate,  aggregated:  ovary  5-celled  :  cells  2-3- 
ovuled :  style  woolly :  stigma  capitate :  capsule  globose,  echinate, 
5-valved,  5-celled :  seeds  1-2  in  each  cell,  furnished  with  an  aril: 
testa  fleshy. 

C.    EXCELSA.       (R.    W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  V.  part  I.  p.  23. 

Syn.     Durio  ceylanicus,  Gardn.  in  Calc.  Jour.  Vol.  8. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  1761,  1762. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree,  nearly  a  hundred  feet  in  height: 
leaves  elliptic,  bright  green  above,  silvery  beneath  from  numerous 
adpressed  scales :  flowers  clustered  on  the  naked  branches :  pedi- 
cels jointed  at  the  base :  involucre  and  calyx  clothed  with  brown 
scales  :  fruit  the  size  of  a  large  orange,  covered  with  hard  prickles, 
dehiscent. 

lyamally  Hills  and  Malabar  in  dense  forests.  Flowering  in  Fe- 
bruary and  March,  and  ripening  its  fruit  in  October  and  November. 

GENUS  VI.     HERITIEBA. 
monreeia  Hloiiadelpltla.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.     Named  after  L'Heritier,  the  celebrated  French  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  with  alternate  entire  leaves,  the  under 
sides  of  which  are  covered  with  silvery  scales  :  flowers  panicled : 
calyx  5-toothed:  stamens  in  the  male  flowers  5-10,  with  the  fila- 
ments jointed  into  a  tube :  anthers  sessile  on  the  top  of  the  tube : 
in  the  bisexual  flowers,  anthers  10,  sessile,  2  between  each  carpel: 
carpels  5,  each  with  one  style  and  a  few  ovules,  at  length  becoming 
drupaceous,  indehiscent,  keeled  and  1 -seeded  by  abortion  :  albu- 
men none. 

(1)  H.  LITORALIS.     (Ait.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  63. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  484. — RoxK 
fl.  Tnd.  III.  p.  142. 

Syn.    Balanopteris  Tothila,  Gaertn. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  21.— Gaertn.  IV.  fr.  II.  t.  99. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  oval,  rounded  at  the  base :  panicles  axil- 
lary :  flowers  small,  red. 

Peninsula. 

(2)  H.  MINOR.     (Lam.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  484.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p,  142. 
Syn,     H,  Fomes,  Willd. — Balanopteris  minor,  Gaertn. 


90 

Engrav.    Gaertn.  fr.  II.  t.  08.  f.  2.— -Humph.  Amb.  III.  t.  63. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Carpels  with  a  longitudinal  furrow  above  :  flower* 
small,  dull  orange. 

Sunderbunds,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 


ORDER  XXI,   BYTTNERIACRffi. 

Trees  or  shrubs,  usually  covered  with  stellate  hairs  or  scurf: 
leaves  simple,  alternate  :  stipules  deciduous  :  flowers  clustered, 
spiked  or  panicled  :  calyx  4-5-cleft,  valvate  in  aestivation  : 
corolla  wanting,  or  else  of  petals  equal  in  number  to  the  seg- 
ments of  the  calyx,  twisted  in  aestivation,  often  adhering  to  the 
staminal  tube  :  stamens  hypogynous,  definite  and  opposite  the 
petals,  or  twice  as  many,  half  of  which  only  are  fertile,  or  in- 
definite, almost  always  cohering  in  a  tube:  anthers  2-celled, 
turned  inwards  and  opening  lengthwise  :  carpels  4-10,  arrang- 
ed round  a  central  column  :  styles  equal  in  number  to  the  car- 
pels :  fruit  a  capsule  :  seeds  sometimes  winged  :  albumen  fleshy 
or  mucilaginous. 

GENUS  I.    KLEINHOVIA. 
Monailelplila  Polyandria.    Sex.-  Syst: 

Deriv.  Called  after  Klienhoff,  formerly  Director  of  the  Botani- 
cal Garden  at  Batavia. 


CHAR.  Trees  :  petals  5,  one  much  broader  than  the 
others  :  stamens  pentadelphous  at  the  apex,  each  bundle  bearing 
three  anthers  on  the  outside  :  style  1  :  stigma  slightly  crenated  ; 
capsule  inflated,  turbinate,  5-angled,  5-seaded. 

K.  HOSPITA,    (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  64.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  488.—  Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  141. 

Engrav.    Eumph.  Amb.  Ill,  t.  113. 

SPEC.  CHAR.    Small  tree  :   leaves  broad-cordate,  acuminated, 
entire  :  panicles  terminal  :  flowers  small,  pale  rose-coloured* 
Peninsula.    South  Concans, 


91 

GENUS  II.    ABROMA. 
ftfoitailelphia  Deeaiitlria.    Sex.  Syst: 

Deriv.     Greek  term,  meaning  not  fit  for  food. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Small  trees,  with  stellate  pubescence :  calyx  5- 
cleft:  petals  5,  saccate  at  the  base,  with  a  large  clawed  appendage : 
sterile  stamens  5,  petaloid,  curved  outwards,  fertile  ones  united  into 
5-3-cleft  filaments,  each  with  3  anthers :  styles  5  :  capsule  5-cell- 
ed,  prominently  angled,  dehiscent,  many-seeded ;  seeds  with  an 
aril:  albumen  fleshy. 

A.  AUGUSTUM.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  65. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  485.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  156. 

Syn.     A.  angulata,  Lam. — A.  Wheeleri,  Koen* 

Engrav.  Lam.  111.  t.  636,  637.— Bot.  Reg.  VI.  518.— Rumph. 
Amb.  IV.  t.  14. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  branches  velvety  :  older  leaves  ovate- 
oblong,  acuminated,  serrulated,  under  side  tomentose  or  stellately 
pubescent  :  lower  leaves  roundish-cordate,  3-5-angled :  wings  of 
the  fruit  truncated  at  the  apex  :  flowers  middle-sized,  dark  purp- 
lish-brown. 

Interior  of  the  Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year.  This 
species,  known  as  the  Devil's  Cotton,  is  a  doubtful  native  of  the 
Indian  continent,  though  the  above  locality  is  given  on  the  autho- 
rity of  Roxburgh. 

GENUS  HI.     BYTTNERIA. 
Ufoiiadelphia  Deeaiiclria.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  Named  after  Byttner,  Professor  of  Botany  in  the  Uni- 
versity of  Gottingen. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs,  or  rarely  herbaceous  plants,  usually  prick- 
ly, leaves  entire  :  peduncles  1 -flowered,  axillary,  several  together: 
calyx  5-sepaled,  deciduous  :  petals  5,  concave  at  the  base,  produced 
upwards  into  a  kind  of  strap-like  appendage  :  anthers  5,  solitary, 
nearly  sessile  between  the  sterile  stamens :  ovary  5-celled  :  cells 
2-ovuled :  style  1  :  capsule  5-coccous,  muricated  and  slightly  echi- 
nated  ;  cocci  1- seeded,  dehiscent. 

(1)   B.  HERBACEA.      (Roxb.) 

Idcnt.  W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  65. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  486. — Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  619. 

Syn.    Commersonia  herbacea,  G,  Don. 

Engrav.    Roxb.  Cor,  I,  t.  29.— Wight's  Icon,  t,  II,  483* 


92 

SPEC.  CHAR*  Perennial  :  stem  herbaceous,  without  prickles  : 
leaves  ovate,  acuminated,  rounded  at  the  base,  tbothed  :  sepals  linear- 
lanceolate,  reflexed  :  the  ligulated  part  of  the  petals  erect,  as  long 
as  the  calyx  :  flowers  small,  yellowish-red. 

Circars.     Vellore.     Bombay. 

(2)  B.  PILOSA.     (Roxb.) 

Idenl.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  618. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub,  hairy  :  leaves  3-5-lobed,  dentate? 
posterior  lobes  large,  rounded  :  sepals  spreading,  lanceolate  :  lower 
part  of  the  petals  linear,  incurved  :  capsules  covered  with  rigid 
bristles  :  flowers  small,  yellowish-red. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  September. 

(3)  B.  ASPERA.     (CoMr.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  ed.  Car.  II.  p.  383. 

Syn.     B.  grandifolia,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  486. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  twining,  unarmed  :  leaves  broad-coi> 
date,  entire,  shortly  acuminated,  pubescent  underneath  :  petioles 
pubescent  :  corymbs  numerous  on  the  younger  branches,  axillary, 
villous  :  bracts  linear-en  siform  :  sepals  lanceolate,  dark-purple  at 
the  base  :  margins  of  the  petals  furnished  with  a  recurved  tooth  : 
claws  incurved  :  capsule  very  large,  pubescent,  armed  with  stout 
short  prickles  :  flowers  small,  yellowish  rose-coloured. 

Chittagong.     Silhet.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GENUS  IV.    RIEDLEIA. 
ftfonadelpliia  Pentaiidrla.    Sex-  Syat* 

Deriv.     In  honour  of  Mons.  Riedle,  a  French  Naturalist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbs,  or  shrubs,  with  alternate,  entire  or  ser- 
rated leaves  :  calyx  5-cleft  :  petals  5,  attached  by  staminal  tube  : 
stamens  united  at  the  base  :  ovary  5-celled  :  cells  2-ovuled  :  styles 
5,  distinct  or  united  at  the  base  :  capsule  5-coccous  :  cocci  1-2- 
seeded  :  seeds  not  winged. 


(1)  R.  TILLEFOLIA. 

Ident.    Dalz*  Bomb.  flor.  p.  24. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  long-petioled,  sub-cordate, 
serrate,  young  ones  soft  and  velvety  :  panicles  axillary  and  termi- 
nal, somewhat  corymbose  :  flowers  small,  pink. 

Khandalla  and  Bel  gaum. 

(2)  R.  TRUNCATA.      (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  66.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  491. 
Syn.    Melochia  truncata,  #Wd.-~  -Sida  cuneifolia,  Roxb*  Hortt 
Beng.  p.  50. 


93 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  wedge-shaped,  truncated,  toothed 
at  the  top,  under  side  hoary  with  pubescence  :  flowers  solitary,  or 
2-3  together,  at  the  extremity  of  the  branches :  fruit  flattened  at 
the  top. 

Coromandel. 

(3)  R.  SUPINA*     (Dec.) 

Ident.    W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  66. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  491, 

Syn.     Melochia  supina,  Linn. — Visenia  supina,  Spreng.  Syst. 

Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  132.  f.  4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  under-shrub  with  prostrate  stem  :  leaves 
broadly  ovate,  serrated  :  flowers  several  together  in  the  axils  of  the 
two  or  three  uppermost  leaves,  sessile  :  fruit  globose  :  flowers  deep 
rose-coloured. 

Coromandel,  flowering  throughout  the  year. 

(4)    R.   CORCHORIFOLIA.       D.    C.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  66. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  491. 
Syn.     Melochia  corchorifolia,  Linn.  Roxb.fl.  hd.  HI.  p.  139.—- 
Visenia  corchorifolia,  Spr.  Syst. — Mongeotia  corchorifolia,  Knnth. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  73.— Pluk.  t.  44.  f.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect :  leaves  ovate,  cordate  at  the 
base,  serrated :  flowers  terminal,  in  short,  dense  spikes  :  fruit  glo- 
bose :  flowers  deep  rose-coloured,  with  a  yellow  centre. 

Coromandel  and  Malabar.  Bengal,  extending  to  the  most  North- 
ern parts  of  India.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(5)    R.  CONCATENATA.      (D.  C.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  66.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  492. 

Syn.  R.  radiata,  Blume. — Melochia  concatenata,  £inn.— Vise- 
nia concatenata,  Spr.  Syst. 

Engrav.    Pluk.  t.  9.  f.  5, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect :  leaves  ovate-lanceolate,  ser- 
rated :  flowers  arranged  in  spikes,  which  usually  become  elongated 
in  fruit,  and  placed  several  together  at  the  extremity  of  the  branches ; 
fruit  globose. 

Coromandel. 

GENUS  V.    WALTHERIA. 
Honadelphla  Pentaiitlrla.    Sex.  Syst.- 

Deriv*  In  honour  of  Dr,  A,  F,  Walther,  of  Leipsic,  a  Botanical 
author, 


94 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  plants,  shrubs  or  small  trees :  calyx 
5-cleft :  involucel  3-leaved,  deciduous  :  petals  5,  attached  by  claws 
to  the  staminal  column :  filaments  united  into  an  entire  or  5-cleft 
tube:  ovary  oblique,  1 -celled:  ovules  2  :  style  1,  slightly  lateral: 
capsule  consisting  of  one  coccus,  1 -seeded,  2-valved, 

(1)  W.  INDICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  67.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  493. 

Sy».  W.  Americana,  Linn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  492. — W.  elliptica> 
and  W.  microphylla,  Ca».  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  493. 

Engrav.  Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  68. — Jacq.  Icon.  Rar.  1. 1. 130. — Pluk, 
t  150.  f.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  plant :  leaves  ovate  or  lanceolate* 
oblong,  serrated,  more  or  less  softly  tomentose  on  both  sides  :  heads 
of  flowers  terminal  or  axillary,  sessile  or  pedunculated,  sometimes 
elongated  into  an  almost  leafless,  axillary  spike  :  flowers  small, 
lemon-coloured. 

Peninsula.  Bengal.  South  Concans.  Flowering  in  the  cold 
season. 

GENUS  VI.     PENTAPETES. 
ffltonadelpltla  Polyandrla.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.     From  Pente,  five,  alluding  to  the  5-celled  fruit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite,  surrounded  by  a  3-leaved,  one- 
sided involucel :  petals  5,  deciduous  :  stamens  20,  five  of  which  are 
sterile  and  strap-shaped,  and  15  fertile,  arranged  in  threes  between 
each  of  the  sterile  ones  :  style  5-furrowed,  5-pointed :  capsule  5- 
celled,  5-valved,  many-seeded :  seeds  not  winged. 

P.  PHGENICEA.     (Linn.) 

Tdent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  67. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  498. — Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  157. 

Syn.     P.  angustifolia,  Blume. — Dombeya  Phcenicea,  Cav. 

Engrav.  Humph.  Amb.  V.  t.  100,  f.  1. — Rheede  Mai.  X.  t.  1. 
and  56.— Bot.  Reg.  VII.  p.  525. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  leaves  linear-lanceolate,  hostate,  serrat- 
ed :  peduncles  1-2-flowered,  axillary,  drooping,  red. 

Peninsula.    Bengal.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  VII.    MELHANIA. 
Xttonadelpliia  Pentandria.    Sex:  Syst> 

Deriv.  From  Mount  Melhan,  in  Arabia  Felix,  the  habitat  of 
one  of  the  species. 


95 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite,  surrounded  by  a  3-leaved  invo- 
lucel :  petals  5  :  stamens  united  into  an  urceolus  round  the  ovary, 
five  of  which  are  sterile,  alternating  with  5  filaments,  each  bearing 
1-2-anthers  :  style  5-cleft  at  the  apex  :  capsule  5-celIed,  5-valved  : 
seeds  angled,  but  not  winged. 

(1)  M.  INCANA.    (Heyne.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  68. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose :  leaves  elliptical  or  oblong-linear, 
slightly  serrated,  densely  pubescent  on  the  under  side :  involucel 
leaves  linear :  sepals  lanceolate :  petals  obovate,  longer  than  the 
calyx :  fertile  filaments  with  one  anther :  peduncles  1-2-flowered : 
capsule  hairy :  seeds  2-4  in  each  cell,  tubercled. 

Mysore.     Palamcottah. 

(2)  M.  ABUTILOIDES.     (Am.) 

Ident.    Wight's  111.  1.  p.  77. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  1. 1.  23. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  branches  villous:  leaves  broadly-ovate, 
pubescent  above,  tomentose  beneath,  crenately  serrated  :  peduncles 
axillary  and  terminal,  2-3-flowered:  involucel  leaves  broad-cor- 
date, closely  embracing  the  flower :  calyx  segments  nearly  twice 
the  length  of  the  involucel :  petals  oblong :  capsule  tomentose. 

Rocky  ravines  among  the  Balaghaut  Hills  and  in  the  beds  of 
mountain  streams. 

GENUS  VIII.    PTEROSPERMUM. 
HEonadelphia  Polyandrift.    Sex;  Syst.- 

Deriv.  From  Pteron,  a  wing,  and  sperma,  a  seed,  in  allusion  to 
the  winged  seeds. 

GEN,  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite,  somewhat  tubular  at  the  base : 
sepals  linear,  tomentose  outside,  hairy  within :  petals  5,  oblique, 
shorter  than  the  calyx  :  5  stamens  sterile  :  style  club-shaped,  slen- 
der :  capsule  5-celled,  5-valved :  seeds  with  a  broad,  membrana- 
ceous  wing. 

(1)  P.  RUBIGINOSUM.    (Heyne.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  68.— Don's  Mill.  I.  p.  538. 
SPEC.  CHAR.    Tree :  leaves  ovate,  quite  entire,  oblique,  very 

unequal  sided :  branches  calyx  and  leaves  covered  with  rusty  to- 

mentum  :  peduncles  longer  than  the  petioles. 
The  locality  of  this  species  is  unknown, 


(2)  P.  SUBERIFOIIUM.     (Lam.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  68. 

Syn.    P.  canescens,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  162,— Pentapetes 

suberifolia,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Lam.  HI.  t.  576.  f.  1,— Cav.  Diss.  III.  t.  43.  f.  2,— 
Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  t.  26. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  cuneate-oblong,  obliquely  cordate 
at  the  base,  coarsely  toothed,  densely  pubescent  beneath :  peduncles 
axillary,  3- flowered :  involucel  leaves  3,  linear,  entire,  very  cadu- 
cous :  capsule  obovoid,  acutish,  covered  on  the  outside  with  a 
dense,  scurfy  pubescence  :  flowers  large,  white,  fragrant. 

Southern  districts  of  the  Peninsula,  flowering  from  March  to 
May. 

(3)    P.    RETICULATUM.       (W.  ty  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  69. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  cuneate-oblong,  oblique,  coarsely 
toothed  towards  the  apex,  under  side  covered  with  white  mealy 
pubescence,  reticulated  with  prominent  veins :  peduncles  about 
3-flowered,  crowded  towards  the  extremity  of  the  branches :  invo- 
lucel leaves  palmatifid :  ovary  with  about  six  ovules  in  each  cell : 
flowers  large,  white. 

Peninsula. 

(4)  P.  HEYNEANUM.    (Wall.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  69. 

Syn.  P.  suberifolium,  Willd.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  500. — Roxb.  fi* 
Ind.  III.  p.  160. — Velago  xylocarpa,  Gaertn.fr.  t.  133. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  II.  t.  489.— Bot.  Mag.  XXXVII,  t. 
1526. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  cuneate-oblong,  slightly  cordate  at 
the  base,  coarsely  toothed  or  lobed  towards  the  apex,  slightly  to- 
mentose  on  the  under  side :  petioles  short,  attached  a  little  within 
the  margin :  peduncles  axillary,  very  short :  involucel  leaves  and 
bracteoles  imbricated  round  the  base  of  the  flower-bud,  palmatifld 
and  laciniated,  deciduous :  capsule  oblong,  acute,  covered  with 
scurfy  pubescence  on  the  outside :  seeds  8  in  each  cell :  flowers, 
large,  white,  fragrant. 

Gingie  Hills  and  Courtallum.    Flowering  nearly  all  the  year* 

(5)    P.  GLABRESCENS.      (W.  fy  A.) 

Jdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  69. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VI,  t.  58. 


w 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  cuneate-obovate,  entire  equal,  under  aide 
pubescent  :  petioles  short,  marginal  :  stipules  palmate,  persistent  : 
peduncles  axillary,  the  length  of  the  petiole  :  capsule  oblong,  5- 
angled  :  cells  10-12-seeded  :  flowers  white. 

Peninsula. 


(6)    P.  ACERIFOLIUM. 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  69.  —  Dec,  prod.  I.  p.  500.—  Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  158. 

Syn.     Pentapetes  acerifolia,  Cav.  Diss.  III.  t.  44. 
Engrav.     Bot.  Mag.  17.  t.  620.  —  Wight's  Icon.  t.  631. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  entire  or  coarsely  toothed,  usually 
more  or  less  peltate,  the  underside  covered  with  rough  tomentum  : 
pedicels  axillary,  much  shorter  than  the  petiole  :  involucel  leaves 
very  caducous  :  petals  linear-revolute  :  capsule  oblong,  5-ajigled, 
covered  with  scurfy  pubescence  on  the  outside  :  floweis  large,  white, 
fragrant. 

Peninsula.     Silhet  and  Assam.     Flowering  from  March  to  May. 

(7)    P.  SEMISAGITTATUM.       (Bucll.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  160.  —  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  500. 
Syn.     Eriolaena  Roxburghii,  Spr. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  oblong,  entire,  unequally  lobed,  one 
Short  and  obtuse,  the  other  elongated  to  a  point  :  stipules  palmate, 
fringed  :  flowers  large,  white,  fragrant. 

Assam,  flowering  from  March  to  May. 

(8)  P.  LANCEJEFOUUM.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  163.  —  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  500. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  unequal-sided,  oblong-lanceo- 
late, acuminated,  quite  entire,  tomentose  beneath  :  pedicels  much 
longer  than  the  petioles  :  flowers  large,  white,  fragrant. 

Assam,  flowering  in  May  and  June. 

(9)  P.  LAWIANUM.     (Nimmo.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  24. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  3-lobed,  cordate,  subpeltate,  tomentosei 
involucel  palmatifid. 

Dharwar  and  the  Southern  Ghauts. 

GENUS  IX.    KYDIA. 
lUonadelpltla  Polyaiidrla.    fite:  Syst. 

Deriv.  Named  in  honour  of  Colonel  Kyd,  founder  of  the  Bota* 
nical  Gardens  at  Calcutta. 


9S 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  with  alternate  leaves  :  calyx  carnpanulate, 
5-lobed,  surrounded  by  a  4-6-leaved  involucel  :  petals  5,  obliquely 
dbcordate,  attached  by  claws  to  the  base  of  the  staminal  column  : 
staminiferous  tube  5-cleft  to  about  the  middle  :  each  stamen  bearing 
4  anthers  :  ovary  single,  3-celled  :  ovules  2,  erect  at  the  base  of 
each  cell:  style  1,  3  -cleft:  stigma  dilated:  capsule  8-valved,  3* 
celled  :  cells  1  -seeded. 

(1)    K.  CALYCINA.      (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  70.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  500.—-  Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  188. 

Syn.    J£.  fraterna,  Roxb. 

Engrav.    Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t,  215.—  Wight's  Icon.  t.  879,  880. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middle-sized  tree  with  broad-  cordate,  angled 
leaves  :  involucel  at  first  shorter,  afterwards  much  longer  than  the 
calyx:  panicles  terminal:  flowers  smallish,  white. 

Coromandel.     Neilgherries.    Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)    K.  ROXBURGHIANA.       (  R.    W.) 

Ident.    Wight's  Icon.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  881. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  involucel  4-5-leaved  :  leaves  obovate,  ob- 
tuse, about  the  length  of  the  calyx,  afterwards  enlarging  and  becom- 
ing Barrow-spathulate  :  filaments  short,  united  at  the  base,  free 
above  :  style  exceeding  the  stamens  :  stigmas  large,  dilated  :  flowers 
small  :  tube  purple  :  limb  pale  rose-colour. 

No  habitat  given. 

GENUS  X.    ERIOCHLJiNA. 

Polyandria.    Sex:  Syst-. 


Deriv.  From  Erion,  wool,  and  chlaina,  covering,  alluding  to 
the  woolly  calyx. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  involucel  3-5-Ieaved  :  leaves  much  cut 
and  jagged  :  calyx  5-cleft  :  sepals  linear,  with  2  glands  at  the  base 
on  the  inside:  petals  5,  shorter  than  the  calyx:  claws  tomenteae  : 
stamens  in  several  rows,  outer  ones  gradually  shorter  :  ovary  ovate, 
10-celled  :  ovules  numerous,  in  a  double  row  in  each  cell  :  stigma 
10-lobed,  stellate  :  capsule  10-celled,  10-valved  :  seeds  terminated 
by  a  tapering  wing. 

(1)  E.  HOOKEBIANA.     (W.  $  A.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  70. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  roundish-cordate,  toothed,  pubescent 
en  the  under  side  ;  peduncles  axillary,  3-flowered,  scarcely  longer 


99 

than  the  petioles,  slightly  pubescent :  involucel  leaves  much  shorter 
than  the  calyx,    pubescent :    style    densely   pubescent :    capsule 
ovate. 
Columala, 

(2)  E.  CANDOLUI.     (Wall.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb,  flor  p.  24. 
Engrav.     Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  L  t.  64. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  ovate,  cordate,  toothed,  tomentose  beneath; 
capsule  cone-shaped,  pointed  :  flowers  yellow. 

Ram  Ghaut.    Western  Coast, 

(3)    E.  QUINQUELOCULA1U3.        (  W.  ty  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  71. 

Syn.     Microchlaena  quinquelocularis,  W.  $•  A» 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  882. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middling-sized  tree :  involucel  leaves  minute, 
caducous,  3-5-lobed :  ovary  5-celled :  stigma  5-lobed. 

Common  on  the  slopes  of  the  Neilgherries,  flowering  in  July 
and  August. 


ORDER  XXII.    TILIACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs,  seldom  herbaceous  plants :  leaves  alternate, 
Stipulate :  sepals  4-5,  valvate  in  aestivation :  petals  4-5,  hypo- 
gynous,  sometimes  wanting :  stamens  hypogynous,  usually  inde- 
finite, distinct :  anthers  2-celled*  opening  lengthwise :  disk  glan- 
dular at  the  base  of  the  petals :  ovary  single,  of  4-10  carpels : 
style  1 :  stigmas  equal  in  number  to  the  carpels :  fruit  dry  ot 
pulpy,  many-celled,  many-seeded,  often  prickly,  and  occasionally 
winged :  albumen  fleshy. 

GENUS  I.    CORCHORUS, 

Polyantlria  monogynia.    Sex:  %*.• 

i 
Deriv.    From  the  Greek  word  for  a  pot-herb,  which  is  from  Icert, 

a  pupil,  and  koreo,  to  purge,  in  allusion  to  the  laxative  qualities  of 

C.  olitorius. 
GEN.  CHAR.    Shrubs  or  herbaceous  plants,  with  serrated  leaves : 

the  lower  serratures  usually  terminated  by  a  long  bristle :  calyx 

deeply  4-5  partite,  deciduous ;  segments  unequal :  petals  4-5,  in* 


100 

fcetted  under  the  ovary,  shorter  than  the  calyx  :  ovary  sessile,  2-5-, 
Celled  :  ovules  in  a  double  row,  pendulous  :  style  very  short,  deci- 
duous :  stigmas  2-5  :  capsule  pod-like,  or  roundish,  loculicidal,  2'- 
5-celled :  seeds  numerous  in  each  cell, 

(1)  C.  FASCICULARIS.     (Lam.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  72.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  505. — Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  H.  p.  582. 

Engrat.     Pluk.  t.  439.  f.  6. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  leaves  oblong  or  larceolate,  serrated  : 
peduncles  3-5-flowered,  opposite  the  leaves :  capsules  linear-ob- 
long, many  times  longer  than  broad,  villous,  beaked,  with  3  ter- 
minal points,  3-celled,  3~valved  :  stamens  about  5  :  flowers  small, 
yellow. 

Peninsula.     Bengal  and  Surat.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)  C.  TRlLOCULARis.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  72.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  504. — ftoxb, 
if.  Ind.  II.  p.  582. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  leaves  oblong-lanceolate  :  peduncles  1— 
2-flowered,  opposite  the  leaves  :  capsules  equal,  slender,  3-4-an- 
gled,  covered  with  little  prickly  points,  much  longer  than  broad, 
rostrate  and  entire  at  the  point,  3-4-celled,  3-4-valved:  flowers 
email,  yellow. 

Southern  Provinces  of  the  Peninsula.  Sholapore  and  Guzerat, 
Flowering  in  August  and  September. 

(3)  C.  OLITORIUS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  73. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  504.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  581. 

Syn.     C.  decemangularis,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  582. 

JSngrav.  Gaertn.  fr.  t.  64.— Pluk.  t.  127.  f.  3.— Bot.  Mag. 
C5.  t.  2810. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  leaves  ovate-acuminated  :  peduncles 
1-2-flowered :  capsules  nearly  cylindrical,  10-ribbed,  many  times 
longer  than  broad,  rostrate,  with  sometimes  5  terminal  points,  5- 
celled,  5-valved  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Common  in  the  Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season.  Cul- 
tivated in  Bengal  for  the  fibres  of  its  bark,  which  arc  employed  in 
making  a  coarse  kind  of  cloth,  cordage  for  agricultural  purposes, 
J>oats,  and  Bengalee  paper. 

(4)  C.  TRIDENS.     (Linn.) 

*ident.    W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  73.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  505. 
Syn.     C.  Burmanni,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  505. 
•Bngrav.     Pluk,  t,  127.  f,  4,— Burm.  Ind,  t,  37.  f.  2, 


101 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  leaves  cuneate  :  oblong,  linear  or  Ian*. 
6eolate :  peduncles  1-4-flowered  :  capsules  slender,  20-30  times 
longer  than  broad,  rostrate,  the  beak  2-3-cleft,  with  patent  sag* 
ihents :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Peninsula,  not  uncommon. 

(5)  C.  ACUTANGULUS.     (Lam.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  73. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  505, 

Syn.  C.  fuscus,  Roxb.fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  582. — C.  aestuans,  Gaertn* 
fr.  t.  64. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t,  739.— Pluk.  t.  44.  f,  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  leaves  ovate  :  peduncles  1-2-flowered, 
opposite  the  leaves  :  capsules  prismatical,  about  10  times  longer 
than  broad,  6-angled,  2  or  3  of  the  angles  winged,  3-celled,  trun- 
cate, with  3-5  either  entire  or  2- cleft  horns  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Peninsula  and  Bengal.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 
(6)  C.  CAPSULARIS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  73, — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  50,r<£  "Soxb, 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  581.— Dairy's  Useful  Plants,  p.  158.  *  ^ 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  311.— Humph.  Amh  \  .  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  leaves  oblong,  acumina*  .  capsules 
globose,  truncated,  wrinkled  and  muricated,  5 -celled  :  flowers  small, 
yellow. 

Peninsula  and  Bengal,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season.  This 
species  is  extensively  cultivated  for  the  sake  of  its  fibres,  called 
Jute,  from  which  gunny,  or  rice  bags  are  made. 

(7)  C.  HUMILIS.     (Munro.) 

Ident.     Munro's  Hort.  Agr.  p.  35.— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  25. 

Syn*     Antichorus  depressus,  Linn. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1073. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby,  prostrate,  lying  flat  on  the  ground  ; 
leaves  small,  long-petioled,  ovate-crenate :  peduncles  2-flowered  : 
capsules  linear-oblong,  6-8  times  longer  than  broad,  4-5 -celled, 
4-5-valved  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Kattywar.     Guzerat  and  the  Deccan. 

GENUS  II.    TEIUMFFETTA. 
Polyntitlria  Honogynia.    Sex:  Syst- 

Deriv.     In  honor  of  Triumfetti,  an  Italian  Botanist  and  author 
who  died  in  1707* 
GEN,  CHAR.     Shrubs  or  herbaceous  plants,  with  alternate  leave*; 


102 

Sepals  5,  linear,  coloured :  petals  5,  shorter  than  the  calyx :  disk 
5-toothed,  dilated  at  the  apex :  glands  5,  attached  round  the  disk 
and  opposite  the  petals  :  ovary  2-4-celled :  style  1,  toothed  at  the 
apex  :  fruit  globose,  echinated,  with  hooked  prickles. 

N.  B.  In  this  genus  it  may  be  right  to  caution  to  place  little  or 
no  reliance  on  the  shape  of  the  leaves  or  their  pubescence  or  sup- 
pression of  the  parts  of  the  flower.  Linnaeus  characterized  two  species 
only,  while  modern  Botanists  swelled  this  number  almost  to  fifty: 
but  most  of  these  are  descriptions  of  so  many  individuals,  not 
species.  See  W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  74. 

(1)  T.  PJLOSA.     (Roth.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  74.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  506.— -Roth. 
Nov.  Sp.  p.  223. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  :  stem  hairy  or  tomentose t  uppe* 
leaves  ovate,  acuminated,  entire,  lower  ones  somewhat  3-lobed,  all 
unequally  serrated,  hairy,  under  side  tomentose  :  peduncles  several 
together,  axillary,  3-flowered  :  stamens  10  :  fruit  hairy,  about  the 
size  of  a  cherry,  4-celled,  8-seeded  :  prickles  ciliated  below  with 
hairs :  flowers  jjellow. 

Penip""'  L    X  Warree,  Bombay. 
Covered  \ 

-id  -         (2)  T.  ANGULATA.     (Lam*) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  74. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  507. 
Syn.     T.  Bartramia,  Linn.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  463. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  320,— Rumph.  Amb.  VI.  t.  25.  f.  2; 
— Pluk.  t.  41.  f.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous :  uppermost  leaves  ovate,  acu- 
minate, lower  ones  cuspidately  3-5-lobed,  hairy,  serrated,  peduncles 
2-3  together,  axillary,  3-flowered  :  stamens  10 :  fruit  pubescent, 
4-5-celled,  4-8  seeded  :  prickles  glabrous  :  flowers  yellow. 

Peninsula  and  Bengal,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year.  It  is  com- 
mon everywhere  ;  the  fruit  is  small,  about  the  size  of  a  vetch  seed. 

(3)  T.  ROTUNDIFOLIA.     (Lam,) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  75. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  506. 

Syn.     T.  suborbiculata,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  506. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial :  stems  pubescent :  leaves  roundish,  un- 
equally and  deeply  toothed,  underside  tomentose :  peduncles  race- 
mose by  the  abortion  of  the  leaves  :  stamens  numerous  :  fruit  dense- 
ly pubescent,  the  prickles  slightly  so  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Circars  and  Bengal,  flowering  about  September. 

(4)  T.  NEGLECTA.      (  W.  $  A .) 

W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  75. 


103 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  with  a  roughish  stem  :  leaves  roundish, 
§-5-lobed,  irregularly  toothed,  pubescent  on  both  sides :  upper  ones 
hairy  above,  tomentose  below  :  peduncles  with  several  flowers,  some- 
times racemose  by  the  abortion  of  the  leaves :  stamens  5-8 :  fruit 
hairy,  2-4-celled :  cells  1 -seeded :  prickles  ciliated  :  flowers  yellow. 

Peninsula. 

(5)  T.  ANNUA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  507.— Roxb.  Hort.  Beng,  p.  36. 

Engrav.     Bot.  Mag.  t.  2296. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  s  leaves  ovate,  toothed,  smooth  above, 
somewhat  hairy  on  the  nerves  beneath:  peduncles  axillary,  3- 
flowered :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Bengal,  flowering  about  January. 

(6)    T.  TRILOCULARIS.      (Roxl.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  462. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  508. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  roundish-ovate,  somewhat  3-lobed, 
coarsely  serrated,  covered  with  stellate  hairs  on  both  sides :  lower 
serratures  glandular :  calyx  pubescent :  prickles  hooked  :  peduncles 
aggregate,  2-4-flowered :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Bengal,  flowering  in  October. 

(7)  T.  VESTITA.     (Wall.) 
Ident.     Wall.  MSS.  in  Linn.  Soc.  Herb.— Don's  Mill.  I.  p.  547. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  villous  :  leaves  ovate,  undivided,  coarsely 
serrated,  villous,  pale  beneath :  peduncles  aggregate,  2-3-flowered, 
opposite  the  leaves  :  flowers  yellow. 

Silhet. 

GENUS  III.    GREWIA. 
Polyaitdrif*  Monogynia.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  In  honour  of  Dr.  Grew,  an  English  physician  and  vege- 
table physiologist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  trees :  sepals  5,  coriaceous,  coloured 
inside :  petals  5,  with  a  gland  at  the  base  on  the  inside,  sometimes 
very  small  or  none :  stigma  2-4-lobed :  ovary  of  3-4  carpels,  each 
carpel  with  2  erect  ovules :  drupe  with  1-4  stones :  nuts  2 -celled : 
cells  1 -seeded :  albumen  fleshy :  leaves  usually  serrated  and  often 
resembling  those  of  the  English  elm :  inflorescence  axillary  or  ter- 
minal. 

(1)  G.  ORIENTALIS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  76. — Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  510. — Roxb* 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  566.  ? 


104 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby :  leaves  3-nerved,  ovate  or  oblong-lan- 
ceolate, sometimes  slightly  cordate  at  the  base,  crenulated,  \vith  a 
few  scattered  rough  hairs  beneath  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary, 
about  3-flowered,  longer  than  the  petiole  :  bracts  much  shorter  than 
the  pedicels :  petals  lanceolate,  entire  :  sepals  linear,  covered  with 
tawny-ccloured  tomentum  :  disk  elongated  beyond  the  glands : 
style  scarcely  as  long  as  the  stamens  :  drupes  nearly  globose,  flat- 
tish  on  the  top,  slightly  4-lobed,  shortly  tomentose  and  hairy :  nuts 
4,  2-3-celled :  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula  and  Bengal.     Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

v  (2)    G.  BRACTEATA.       (Roth.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  76. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  508. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  ovate,  shortly  acuminated,  serru- 
lated, scabrous  on  the  nerves  beneath :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary 
or  paired,  as  short  as  the  petiole,  about  3-flowered  :  bracteoles 
longer  than  the  pedicels  :  sepals  linear,  covered  with  golden-colour- 
ed down,  much  longer  than  the  recurved  petals:  disk  elongated 
beyond  the  glands  :  style  longer  than  the  stamens  :  drupe  somewhat 
2-lobed,  tomentose :  nuts  solitary  in  each  lobe,  and  2-3-celled : 
stamens  of  deep  orange-colour, 

Peninsula  ? 

(3)  G.   COLT7MNAR1S.       (8m.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  p.  77.-— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  510. 

Syn.     G.  orientalis,  Void.  Symb*  I.  p.  34. 

Engrav.     Wight's   Icon.  I.  t.  44. — Pluk.  t.  50.  f.  4. 

SPEC.  CJIAR.  Shrub :  leaves  ovate,  oblong  or  lanceolate,  rigid, 
crenated,  scabrous  on  both  sides :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary, 
about  twice  as  long  as  the  petiole,  3-5 -flowered  :  bracteoles  half 
as  long  as  the  pedicels  :  sepals  linear,  covered  with  golden  down, 
longer  than  the  lanceolate,  straight  petals  :  disk  elongated  beyond 
the  glands  :  style  longer  than  the  stamens  :  drupes  turbinate, 
slightly  4-lobed,  covered  with  bristly  hairs :  nuts  4,  each  1-2- 
celled :  flowers  white. 

Peninsula.     Khassya  mountains,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(4)  G.  UEVIGATA.     (Fahl.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  77. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  510. 

Syn.  G.  didyma,  Roxb.fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  591. — G.  disperma,  RottL 
m  Spr.  Syst.  II.  p.  579. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  oval,  with  a  long  attenuation,  ser- 
rated, nearly  glabrous  on  both  sides :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary, 
or  several  together,  2-3-flowered,  longer  than  the  petioles  :  bracte- 
oles much  shorter  than  the  pedicels :  sepals  linear,  much  longer 
than  the  oblong,  blunt  petals  :  disk  a  little  longer  than  the  glands ; 


105 

style  filiform,  longer  than  the  stamens :  stigma  fringed :  drapd 
deeply  2-lobed,  glabrous ;  nuts  1-2  in  each  lobe,  1-2 -celled  ; 
flowers  smallish,  white. 

Peninsula.  Hindostan  and  Upper  Provinces.  Flowering  itt 
September,  The  leaves  are  used  as  fodder  for  cattle. 

(5)  G.  3ALVIFOLIA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  77.— Dec,  prod.  I.  p,  509. 

%ra.     Damine,  Gaertn. 

Engrav.     Gaertn.  fr.  t.  106.  f.  7. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  oblong,  oblique  at  the  base,  sharp- 
ly serrulated,  under  side  hairy  with  white  tomentum :  peduncles 
axillary,  solitary,  1-3-flowered :  pedicels  somewhat  longer  than 
the  peduncle :  sepals  linear-lanceolate,  longer  than  the  petals : 
drupe  globose,  2-lobed,  glabrous :  nuts  solitary  in  each  lobe,  4* 
celled. 

Peninsula. 

(6)  G.  ROTHII.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  78.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  509. 

Syn.  G.  bicolor,  Roth. — G.  levigata,  Heyne. — G.  salvifoliay 
ftoxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  587. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  leaves  ovate-oblong,  sharply  serrulated, 
under  side  hoary,  tomentose  :  peduncles  2-3,  much  longer  than  the 
petioles  :  sepals  linear,  twice  the  length  of  the  petals  :  style  fili- 
form :  stigma  dilated :  drupe  globose,  glabrous*,  with  two  1--2- 
cellcd  nuts. 

Coromandel,  flowering  during  the  rainy  season. 

(7)  G.  HIRSUTA.     (Vahl) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  78,— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  509.— Roxb. 
fl,  Ind.  II,  p.  587. 

Syn.     G.  pilosa,  Roxl.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  588. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t,  76. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  lanceolate,  obliquely  cordate  at 
the  base,  acutely  and  unequally  serrated,  upper  surface  slightly  to- 
mentose, under  densely  so :  peduncles  about  as  long  as  the  petioles, 
2-4-flowered  :  sepals  lanceolate,  longer  than  the  petals  >  the  lower 
half  of  the  petals  villous  on  the  back,  and  ciliated  on  the  margins  a 
style  filiform,  longer  than  the  stamens  :  stigma  large,  2-8-lobed : 
drupes*  hairy,  4-lobed :  nuts  4,  each  2-celled :  flowers  small,  white, 
becoming  yellow. 

Jungles  near  Madras,  and  the  interior  parts  of  Bengal.  Flower* 
ing  in  September. 


(8)  G.  PILOSA.     (Lam.) 

Ident.     \V,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  78.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  510. 
Syn.     G.  carpinifolia,  Roxb.fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  587. — G.  commutata, 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  511. — G.  flavescens,  Juss.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  510. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  short-petioled,  cuneate-oblong,  lan- 
ceolate, rounded  at  the  base,  unequally  serrated,  rough  with  hairs  : 
hairs  on  the  under  side  softer :  peduncles  1-3,  3-flowered  :  sepals 
linear :  petals  linear,  as  long  as  the  stamens  and  two-thirds  the 
length  of  the  calyx  :  style  filiform  :  stigma  4-partite,  the  segments 
filiform :  drupes  1 -4-lobed,  hairy  :  nuts  1-4,  1-3-celled  :  flowera 
email,  whitish. 

Circars,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(9)    G.  EMARG1NATA.       (  JF.  #  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  79. 

j$yn.     G.  carpinifolia,  Roth. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  roundish-obovate,  unequally  tooth- 
ed, upper  side  slightly  pubescent,  under  palely  tomentose :  pedun- 
cles solitary,  much  longer  than  the  petioles,  3-6-flowered :  bracte- 
oles  unequal :  sepals  lanceolate,  twice  as  long  as  the  petals :  style 
club-shaped  at  the  apex  :  stigma  4-lobed  :  drupes  at  first  hairy, 
afterwards  glabrous :  nuts  usually  4,  and  1 -celled. 

Peninsula. 

(10)    G.  ABUTI1IFOLIA.       (JuSS.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  79.~-Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  511. 

Syn.  G.  aspera,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  591. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p. 
611. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  irregularly  and  coarsely  toothed, 
roundish-cordate,  occasionally  lobed  :  peduncles  about  half  as  long 
as  the  petiole,  3-4-flowered  :  sepals  oblong,  longer  than  the  petals : 
drupes  4-lobed,  pubescent  and  hairy :  nuts  4,  1-2-celled  :  flowers 
greenish-white. 

Peninsula,  flowering  throughout  the  year. 

(11)  G.  VILLOSA.     (Herb.  Miss.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod  I.  p.  79. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  512. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  5-nerved,  roundish-cordate,  tooth- 
ed, the  teeth  terminated  by  a  tuft  of  hairs  :  upper  side  rough,  under 
tomentose  and<  villous :  inflorescence,  petioles  and  young  leaves 
very  villous  :  peduncles  scarcely  any  :  pedicels  umbellate,  5-6  in 
each  axil:  sepals  linear-lanceolate,  longer  than  the  petals:  style 
thickened  at  the  apex  :  lobes  of  the  stigma  toothed :  drupe  globose, 
hairy :  nuts  4,  each  1 -celled  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula  and  the  Deccan. 


107 

(12)  G.  ASIATICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  79.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  511.— l 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  586. 

Syn.     G.  subinequalis,  Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  511. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  5-nerved,  roundish-cordate,  un- 
equally serrated,  under  side  pubescent  or  hoary :  stipules  lanceo- 
late-subulate :  peduncles  2-4,  longer  than  the  petiole,  3-flowered : 
sepals  oblong-lanceolate,  longer  than  the  petals :  stigma  4.i0bed : 
drupes  globose  with  1-2,  1 -celled  nuts :  flowers  yellowish-orange. 

A  native  of  various  parts  of"  India,  and  often  cultivated  in  gar* 
dens.  The  berries  are  palatable  and  used  for  making  sherbet*  It 
flowers  about  the  end  of  the  cold  season. 

(13)  G.  TILLEFOLIA.     (VahL) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  80.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  511.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  587. 

Syn.     G.  arborea,  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  247. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  5-nerved,  roundish-cordate,  bluntly 
toothed,  usually  oblique  at  the  base,  under  side  sometimes  pubes- 
cent :  stipules  auricled  on  one  side  at  the  base :  peduncles  nume- 
rous, 3-5-flowered  :  sepals  twice  as  long  as  the  petals  :  stigma  4- 
lobed:  drupes  2-lobed:  each  lobe  with  2  hemispherical  3-celled 
nuts. 

Circar  mountains,  flowering  during  the  hot  season.  The  fruit  is 
eatable. 

(14)    G.  ROTUNDIFOL1A.       (JllSS.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  80.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  511. 

Syn.     G.  orbiculata,  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  246. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  45. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  5-6-nerved,  roundish-cordate,  or 
ovate,  hoary  and  softly  velvety  on  both  sides,  crenulated :  pedun- 
cles several  together,  3-flowered :  sepals  linear :  petals  slightly  2- 
toothed :  style  longer  than  the  stamens :  stigma  4-lobed,  crenulat- 
ed :  drupes  slightly  2-lobed,  with  1-2 -usually  2-celled  nuts  in  each ; 
flowers  purple. 

Coromandel  Coast. 

(15)  G.  POPULIFOLIA.    (Fahl.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  80.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  511, 

Syn.    G.  betulaefolia,  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  249. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  5-nerved,  roundish,  slightly  cor* 
date  at  the  base,  unequally  crenated,  pubescent  beneath  :  peduncles 
solitary,  1-flowered,  shorter  than  the  leaf,  with  2  opposite  bracteoles 


108 

the  middle :  sepals  linear :  petals  bifid,  narrow-linear :  stigma 
4-lobed :  drupes  deeply  2-lobed :  lobes  globose,  with  a  shining 
epicarp  and  one  1 -celled  nut  in  each. 

Peninsula, 

(16)  G.  MICROCOS.    (Linn.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  81.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  510, 

Syn.  G.  ulmifolia,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  591.—- Microcos  pani- 
fculata,  Linn. — Arsis  rugosa,  Lour.  fl.  Coch.  p.  409. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  84. — Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  74.— Rheede 
Mai.  I.  t.  56. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  ovate  or  obovate-lanceolate,  ser- 
rulated, under  side  of  the  young  ones  pubescent :  inflorescence 
panicled,  terminal,  pubescent :  flowers  2-3  together,  within  an  in- 
volucre :  petals  broad  oblong,  shorter  than  the  calyx,  emarginate 
at  the  apex :  petals  with  a  nectariferous  cavity  with  a  pubescent 
margin,  containing  a  small  gland  at  the  base :  drupe  with  a  single* 
hairy,  3-celled  nut :  flowers  whitish. 

Common  in  the  hilly  parts  of  the  Concans.  Silhet.  Flowering  in 
the  rainy  season.  In.  Silhet,  it  grows  to  be  a  tree :  the  fruit  is  the 
eize  of  a  gooseberry,  and  eatable. 

(17)   G.  POLYGAMA,      (Roxb,) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  588. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  lanceolate,  serrated,  3-nervedj 
hairy  on  both  sides  :  peduncles  longer  than  the  petioles,  2-6-flow* 
ered  :  drupes  2,  each  2-lobed :  each  lobe  containing  a  single  1- 
seeded  nut :  flowers  white,  polygamous. 

Western  Ghauts,  and  interior  parts  of  Bengal,  flowering  in  the 
rainy  season. 

(18)  G.     SCABROPHYLLA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.    Roxb.  fl,  Ind,  II.  p,  584. 

Syn.     G.  sclerophylla,  Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  42* 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  89. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  round-cordate,  serrated,  wrinkled^ 
scabrous  above,  downy  beneath  :  peduncles  2-3-flowered :  drupes 
round :  nuts  4,  1 -celled,  1  ^seeded  i  flowers  largish,  white, 

Upper  Provinces  of  India,  flowering  about  April, 

(19)  G.  SEPIARIA,    (Roxb,) 
Ident.    ftoxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  589. 
Syn<    G,  serrulata,  Dec.  prod.  I,  p.  510, 


109 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  obovate,  serrated :  peduncles  soli-* 
tary,  3-flowered :  berries  twin,  each  2-lobed,  with  one  seed  in  each 
lobe :  flowers  middle-sized,  white. 

Founfl  all  over  Bengal,  where  it  is  often  used  to  make  hedges* 
Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(20)  G.  SAPIDA.     ( Roxb.) 
Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  590. 

SPEC.  CHAR*  Suffruticose :  leaves  5-nerved,  oblong,  somewhat 
lobed,  scabrous :  peduncles  much  longer  than  the  petioles,  several 
together,  3-flowered :  petals  2-toothed :  drupes  containing  from  one 
to  three  1 -seeded  nuts. 

Bengal,  extending  from  Chittagong  to  the  foot  of  the  Himalayas^ 
flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  IV.    ERINOCARPUS. 
!*olyanflria  Ulonogynia.    Sex:  Sysi: 

Deriv.  From  Erinaceus,  a  hedgehog,  alluding  to  the  bristly 
fruit. 

(1)  E*  NIMMONII.     (/.  Grali.) 

Ident.     J.  Grah.  Cat.  p.  21,— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  27. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  long-petioled,  roundish-cor- 
date, strongly  nerved  beneath  :  fruit  triangular,  bristly  :  angles 
•winged  :  panieles  terminal :  flowers  yellow. 

Common  on  the  Concan  hills,  flowering  in  September,  The  bark 
is  used  for  making  ropes. 

GENUS  v.   EL;EOCARPUS. 

iPolyaiidria  Moitogynia.    Sex    Syst  ? 

l)eriv.  From  JSlaia,  aix  olive,  and  Carpos>  fruit,  from  the  fruit 
resembling  an  olive. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  large  shrubs  with  laneeolate  leaves :  se- 
pals 4-5  :  petals  4-5,  ciliated  below,  cleft  and  divided  towards  the 
apex :  ovary  surrounded  at  the  base  by  5  large  glands,  3-celJed : 
ovules  2  in  each  cell :  fruit  a  drupe :  nut  tubercled  :  seed  solitary 
in  each  cell. 

(1)  E«  SERRATUS.     (Linn.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  82. 
Syn.     E.  integrifolius,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  519, 
JEngrav.    Lam.  Ill*  t,  459, 


110 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  alternate,  elliptical,  bluntly  serrat- 
ed :  nerves  with  glands  in  the  axils  :  petioles  with  a  small  gland  on 
each  side  near  the  apex  :  racemes  axillary  :  anther-valves  bearded  : 
drupes  oblong:  nut  very  hard,  indehiscent,  tubercled:  flowers 
white. 

Malabar  and  Travancore. 

(2)  E,  OBLONGUS.     (Gaertn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  82.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  519. 
Syn.     E.  Perim-kara,  Dec. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  24.— Humph.  Amb.  III.  t.  102. 
— Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  40.-— Wight's  Icon.  t.  46. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  alternate,  elliptic-oblong,  pointed, 
with  blunt  serratures  :  nerves  with  glands  in  some  of  the  axils,  or 
none :  petioles  with  a  small  gland  on  each  side  near  the  apex  : 
racemes  simple,  short :  anther-valves  beardless :  drupes  oblong : 
nut  very  hard,  tubercled :  flowers  white,  beautifully  fringed. 

Neilgherries.     Western  Ghauts  and  Southern  Provinces. 
(3)  E.  GANITRUS.     (Rumph.) 

Ident.    Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  592.— Wight's  111.  I.  p.  83. 

Syn.     Ganitrus  sphericus,  Gaertn. 

Engrav.     Icon.  I.  t.  66. — Rumph.  Amb.  III.  t.  101. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  lanceolate,  serrulate :  ra- 
cemes simple,  drooping :  drupe  spherical,  smooth,  purple  :  nut  5- 
grooved,  tubercled  :  flowers  middle-sized,  white. 

Western  Ghauts  and  Assam,  flowering  about  February.  The 
hard  grooved  seeds  are  frequently  worn  as  beads  by  Brahmins  and 
Fakeers,  and  set  in  gold  are  sold  as  ornaments  in  England.  (Eoyle.) 

(4)    E.  CUNEATUS.      (JR.   W.) 

Ident.    Wight's  111.  I.  p.  83. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Leaves  cuneate-obovate,  obtusely  acuminated  : 
anthers  bearded :  stamens  bearded,  the  hairs  at  length  reflexed : 
ovary  3-celled,  elevated  on  a  dibk,  and,  with  it,  thickly  clothed  with 
white  hairs. 

Quilon,    Malabar  Coast. 

(5)  E.  PRINODES, 

Ident.    Roxb.  fl.  Ind,  II.  p.  596. 

Syn.     E.  serratus,  Roxb. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  broad-lanceolate,  serrate  :  ra- 
cemes solitary,  simple :  petals  beautifully  fringed :  anthers  bearded : 
drupe  oblong :  nut  very  hard,  smooth ;  flowers  very  numerous^ 
small,  white,  drooping. 


Ill 

Upper  Provinces  of  Bengal,  flowering  during  the  hot  season* 
The  fruit  is  /eaten  by  the  natives  in  their  curries,  and  as  pickles* 

(6)    E.  LANCE^FOLIUS.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  598. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  65. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middling-sized  tree  :  leaves  alternate,  serrated, 
smooth  on  both  sides  :  anthers  somewhat  bearded  :  stigma  3-tooth- 
ed  :  racemes  axillary  :  drupe  turbinate,  smooth,  greenish  -yellow  : 
nut  perforated  at  the  base,  3-valved  :  flowers  on  longish  pedicels, 
small,  white. 

Assam.     Silhet.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(7)  E.  ROBUSTUS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl,  Ind.  II.  p.  697. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  64. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  ovate-oblong,  serrated,  of  a  thickish 
texture  :  young  shoots  slightly  villous  :  racemes  simple,  diverging 
with  a  curve,  scarcely  so  long  as  the  leaves  :  sepals  hoary  :  anthers 
somewhat  bearded  :  drupe  oval  :  nut  oblong,  wrinkled,  very  hard, 
3-valved,  3-celled  :  flowers  large,  white,  drooping. 

Silhet  and  Assam,  flowering  in  June. 

(8)  E.  LUCIDUS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  600. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Tree  :  leaves  long-petioled,  broad-lanceolate,  re*' 
motely  serrate,  lucid,  with  2  minute  glands  at  the  base. 
Chittagong. 


VI.    MONOCERA. 
Polyandria  Ulonogyula.    Sex  .-  Syst  - 

Deriv.  From  Monos,  single,  and  Keras,  a  horn,  alluding  to  the 
anthers  being  terminated  by  a  single  bristle. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  sepals  5  :  petals  5,  usually  silky  on  the 
back,  cleft  and  divided  towards  the  apex  :  anther-valves  unequal, 
outer  one  much  longer  than  the  inner  one  :  ovary  2-celled,  surround- 
ed by  5  glands  at  the  base  :  ovules  in  double  rows  in  each  cell  : 
fruit  a  drupe  :  nut  smoothish  or  tubercled,  1-2-celled  :  seed  solitary 
in  each  eel). 

(1)  M.  TUBERCULATA.   (  W.  $"  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  83. 

Syn.  Elaeocarpus  tubefculatus,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  594.—  E. 
serrulatus,  Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  42. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  62.—  Wight's  111.  I.  t.  35, 


112 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  cuneate-obovate,*  remotely  serrulate! 
Tacemes  lax,  simple  :  pedicels  slender,  drooping :  filaments  hairy  : 
drupe  oval :  nut  compressed,  much  tubercled  on  each  side,  1-2- 
celled :  flowers  largish,  white. 

Neilgherries.  Travancore,  Flowering  in  February  and  March. 
The  nuts  of  this  sacred  tree  are  sold  by  holy  men  to  the  Hindoos^ 
set  in  gold,  and  worn  by  them  as  religious  ornaments. 

(2)  M.  RUGOSA.     (Wight.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  83. 

Syn.     Elaeocarpus  rugosus,  Eoxl.fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  596. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  61. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Large  tree :  leaves  subsessile,  obovate-oblong, 
serrated  :  racemes  numerous,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  spreading 
horizontally  :  drupe  obovate,  smooth  :  nut  oblong,  wrinkled,  thick- 
ish  at  the  margin  :  flowers  large,  long-pedicelled,  drooping,  white. 

Chittagong  and  Assam,  flowering  in  March. 

(3)     M.  ROXBURGHII.     (Wight.) 

Ident.    Wight's  111.  I.  p.  83. 

Syn.     Elseoearpus  aristatus,  lloxb.fi,  Ind.  II,  p.  599. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  63. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  obovate-cuneate,  obtusely  ser* 
rulate :  stamens  awned  :  racemes  axillary,  drooping,  somewhat 
hairy  :  petals  very  hairy,  particularly  on  the  outside  :  hairs  white, 
depressed  :  drupe  size  and  colour  of  a  large  olive  :  nut  oblong,, 
pointed  at  both  ends,  ribbed  on  each  of  the  flat  sides,  surface  slight- 
ly wrinkled  :  flowers  large,  yellow,  fragrant. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  April. 

(4)  M,  MUNROII,     ( R.  WJ 

Ident.    Wight's  Til.  I.  p.  84. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  18. 

SPEC.  CHAB.  Tree  :  leaves  ovate-lanceolate,  serrulate,  acumi- 
nated, without  glands  on  the  underside  :  racemes  about  the  length 
cf  the  leaves,  many-flowered :  flowers  drooping  :  anthers  glabrous  : 
ovary  elevated  on  a  disk,  very  hairy :  drupe  the  size  of  an  olive : 
flowers  white. 

Coorg  and  valleys  near  Coonoor,  flowering  in  November.  Ther 
fruit  is  eaten  by  the  natives. 

(5)  M.  TERRUGINEA.       (R.    W.) 

Ident.    Wight's  Icon.  vol.  I. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  205. 


113 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  oval,  acute,  at  first  villous,  after- 
wards glabrous  above,  tomentose,  rusty,  coloured  beneath  :  racemes 
axillary,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  many-flowered  :  flowers  drooping : 
sepals  lanceolate :  anthers  glabrous :  drupe  oval. 

Neilgherries. 


ORDER  XXIII.    DIPTERACEJE, 

Trees,  abounding  in  resinous  juice :  leaves  alternate :  stipules 
deciduous,  terminating  the  branches  with  a  tapering  point: 
calyx  tubular,  5-lobed,  usually  unequal,  afterwards  becoming 
enlarged,  imbricated  in  aestivation  :  petals  hypogynous,  sessile, 
often  combined  at  the  base,  twisted  in  aestivation :  stamens  in- 
definite, hypogynous :  filaments  dilated  at  the  base :  anthers  2- 
celled,  subulate,  opening  lengthwise  towards  the  apex :  ovary 
superior :  ovules  in  pairs,  pendulous :  style  and  stigma  simple : 
fruit  1-celled,  3-valved,  or  indehiscent,  surrounded  by  the  calyx: 
seed  solitary,  without  albumen, 

GENUS  I.    VATERTA. 
Polyandrla  Monogyiila.    Sex:  Syst- 

Dcriv.     From  Vater,   Professor  of  Botany  in  Wurtemberg. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees:  leaves  oblong:  panicles  axillary  or  termi- 
nal :  calyx  5-partite :  segments  sometimes  afterwards  enlarged, 
equal :  petals  5  :  ovary  3-celled. 

(1)  V.  INDICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  83.— Roxb.  fl,  Ind.  II.  p.  602, 
Syn.     Eloeocarpus  copalliferus,  Retz. 

Enqrav.  Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  288.— llheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  15.-— 
Wight's  111.  I.  t.  36. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree :  panicles  terminal  :  calyx  segments 
oblong,  not  enlarged  :  petals  oval,  emarginate,  scarcely  longer  than 
the  calyx  :  style  elongated :  filaments  produced  beyond  the  anthers : 
stigma'acute :  flowers  white. 

Malabar  and  Travancore,  flowering  in  the  hot  season.  This  is 
known  as  the  Piny  varnish,  or  dammer  tree,  and  produces  the 
resin  called  Indian  Copal.  When  recent,  it  is  found  from  pale- 
green  to  a  deeper  amber  colour,  with  all  the  intermediate  shade** 


114 

The  resin  Is  procured  by  cutting  a  notch  in  the  tree,  sloping  inwards 
and  downwards.  On  the  Malabar  Coast  it  is  made  into  candles, 
\vhich  give  a  fine  clear  light,  and  diffuse  an  agreeable  fragrance. 

(2)    V.   LANCE^EFOLIA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb,  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  601.— Wight's  111.  I.  p.  88. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree ;  leaves  lanceolate,  entire :  panicles  axil- 
lary :  calyx  segments  ovate,  acute,  much  increased  as  the  seeds 
ripen  :  petals  linear-falcate,  obtuse,  with  their  concave  bases  placed 
closely  together,  and  forming  a  kind  of  tube  round  the  ovary  and 
stamens;  filaments  produced  beyond  the  anther-cells,  arid  termi- 
nating in  an  ovate,  acute,  coloured,  glandular  point :  stigma  clavate, 
3-toothed :  flowers  largish,  white,  fragrant. 

Silhet  and  Chittagong,  flowering  in  May.  Wight  alludes  to 
another  species,  V.  Roxburghiana,  of  which  he  gives  no  description* 

GENUS  II.     VATICA. 
Polyandrla  Monogyiita.    Sex-  Syst: 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  with  entire  leaves  :  sepals  5,  afterwards  en- 
larging into  5  long  wings :  petals  5  :  filament  produced  beyond  the 
anther-cells  into  a  long  coloured  bristle  :  ovary  3-celled,  with  2 
pendulous  ovules  in  each  cell :  seed  solitary, 

(1)  V.  LACCI?ERA.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  84. 

St/n.  Shorea  Talura,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  618.-— S,  laccifcra, 
Heyne. — S.  robusta,  liot/i.  (not  Roxb.) 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  164, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  oblong,  obtuse,  often  emarginate  at 
the  base  :  stamens  15  :  anther-bristle  very  long  ;  punicles  numerous, 
springing  from  the  axils  of  the  fallen  leaves :  flowers  yellow, 

Nundidroog  and  Palghaut  Mountains. 

(2)  V.  TUMBUGAIA.      (W.&A.) 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  84. 

Syn.     Shorea  Tumbugaia,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  617. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  27. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  ovate-cordate,  long-petioled  : 
stamens  about  100,  with  bearded  anthers  :  panicles  terminal  : 
flowers  yellow. 

Palghaut  Mountains, 


115 

(3)    V.  HOBUSTA.       (W.  <MO 

tdenl.     Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  1 24. 

Syn.     Shorea  robusta,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  615. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  212. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  short-petioled,  cordate-oblong  l 
stipules  falcate  :  stamens  numerous  :  panicles  terminal  and  axillary  \ 
flowers  yellow. 

Morung,  flowering  in  the  hot  season, 

GENUS  III.     DIPTEROCARPUS. 
P61yan<lria  Monogynis*.    Sw  Syst: 

Dent).     Compounded  of  Greek  words,  meaning  two-winged  fruit* 
GEN.  CHAR.     Large  trees  :  calyx  of  one  piece,  5-cleft  t  2  sepals 

afterwards  expanding  into- long  ligulate  wings :  petals  5  :  anther? 

long,  linear:  ovary  Swelled,  with  two  pendulous  ovules  in  each 

cell. 

(1)  D,  L-rvis.     (Ham.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  85. 

Syn.     D.  turbinatus,  Roxb.fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  612. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  213. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  branches  compressed,  2-edged  :  leaves 
ovate  or  ovate-oblong,  acute,  shining  on  both  sides,  with  straight 
parallel  veins :  tube  of  the  enlarged  calyx  slightly  gibbous  t  capsule 
ovate,  even,  covered  with  soft  hairy  down  :  flowers  large,  whitet 
tinged  with  red. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  the  hot  season.  This  tree  yields  abun* 
dance  of  good  oil.  The  average  produce  of  the  best  trees  is  said  to 
be  sometimes  40  gallons  in  the  season. 

(2)  D.  TURBINATUS.     (Gaertn.) 

fdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  85. 
Engrav.     Gaertn.  fr.  III.  p.  51.  t.  188. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  branches  tapering  *  leaves  ovate,  acute^ 
pubescent  on  both  sides,  particularly  towards  the  margin  :  petioles 
pubescent :  tube  of  the  enlarged  calyx  turbinate,  much  contracted 
below  the  limb  :  capsule  ovate,  6-8-furrowed, 

Chittagong.     This  species  yields  scarcely  any  oil. 

(3)    D.  ANGUSTIFOLIUS.       (W.  fy  A.) 

Ident.     Voigt.  Hort.  Calc,  p.  125. 

Syn,     D,  costatus,  Roxb.  /,  Ind.  II,  p.  613* 


116 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Younger  parts  hairy  :  leaves  linear,  oblong,  actt» 
minute  at  the  base,  hairy  underneath  :  stipules  hirsute  :  calyx  5-fur- 
rowed  about  the  middle,  slightly  hairy  :  flowers  white,  tinged  with 
red. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  the  cold  season.  This  species  yields  a 
great  quantity  of  good  oil. 

(4)  D.  INCANUS.     (Roxl.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Tnd.  II.  p.  614. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  All  the  younger  parts  hairy  :  leaves  ovate,  some* 
what  tapering  at  the  base,  softly  villous :  racemes  axillary,  half 
the  length  of  the  leaves  :  calyx  5-angled  about  the  jniddle. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  November.  This  species  furnishes  the 
largest  proportion  of  the  best  sort  of  wood  oil.  Roxburgh  mentions 
another  species,  D.  tuberculatus,  also  a  native  of  Chittagong,  which 
blossoms  at  the  beginning  of  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  IV.    HOPEA. 
Polyamlria  OTonogynia.    Sex    Synt 

Deriv.  Called  after  Dr.  John  Hope,  Professor  of  Botany  in 
Edinburgh, 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  with  entire  leaves  :  flowers  secund  and 
nearly  sessile  on  the  branches  of  the  panicle  :  sepals  5,  two  or  three 
of  them  afterwards  enlarged  into  wings  :  corolla  of  one  piece,  with 
a  campanulate  tube  :  petals  oblique,  linear,  oblong,  spreading,  twist- 
ed :  filaments  10,  alternately  simple  and  bifid:  anthers  15,  with 
bristles  at  the  apex  :  ovary  3-celled,  with  2  pendulous  ovules  in 
each  cell. 

(1)  H.  WIGHTIANA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  85. 

Engrav.    Wight>  111.  I.  t.  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  ovate-oblong,  glabrous  :  2  sepals  expand- 
ing into  wings,  oblong,  obtuse  :  capsule  oblong-ovate,  acute  :  flow- 
ers small,  yellow,  fragrant. 

Peninsula.     Travancore. 

(2)  H.  ODORATA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb,  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  609. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  ovate-oblong,  with  a  hollow  gland  in  the 
axils  of  the  large  veins  :  two  sepals  enlarging  into  wings :  panicles 
terminal :  flowers  small,  pale  yellow,  fragrant, 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  March, 


117 

GfiNUS  V.    ANCISTROCLADQS. 
Decandrla  Trlgyula.    Sex    Sy»t 

Deriv.  From  Anlcistron,  a  hook,  and  Klados,  a  branch,  allud- 
ing to  the  hooked  tendrils  on  the  branches. 

(1)  A.  HEYNEANUS.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  VI.  p.  12. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1987-88.— Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  47. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub :  leaves  sessile,  oblong,  obovate- 
lanceolate,  glabrous :  panicles  towards  the  ends  of  the  hook- bear- 
ing branches,  dichotomous :  calyx  and  corolla  equal :  stamens 
alternately  long  and  short :  filaments  dilated  at  the  base :  style 
thick,  conical :  fruit  5-winged,  2  smaller :  seed  corrugated,  globose, 
somewhat  depressed  above  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Courtallum  and  Malabar  forests,  flowering  in  March. 

ORDER  XXIV.    TERNSTRCEMIACE^E, 

Trees  or  shrubs,  with  alternate  exstipulate  leaves :  petioles 
jointed  at  the  base:  peduncles  axillary  and  terminal i  sepals 
3-5,  the  inner  ones  often  largest,  imbricated  in  aestivation : 
petals  5,  often  combined  at  the  base :  stamens  indefinite,  hypo- 
gynous,  with  monadelphous  or  polyadelphous  filaments,  or  dis- 
tinct :  anthers  adnate,  opening  lengthwise :  ovary  superior,  many- 
celled,  ovate,  usually  sessile :  styles  3-7,  more  or  less  combined : 
capsule  2-5-celled,  dehiscent  or  indehiscent :  seeds  few,  large, 
sometimes  with  an  aril ;  albumen  none  or  in  very  small  quan- 
tities. 

GENUS  I.     EURVA. 
Polygamla  Ufoiiaecia.    Sex    Syati 

Deriv.     From  Eurys,  large,  alluding  to  the  large  flowers. 

GKN.  CHAR.  Shrubs :  flowers  polygamous  or  diaecious  :  calyx 
5-cleft,  with  two  bracteoles  at  the  base  :  petals  5,  more  or  less 
united  at  the  base  :  stamens  attached  to  the  base  of  the  corolla  in 
a  single  series  :  filaments  distinct :  styles  3-5,  distinct  almost  from 
the  base  or  united  to  near  the  apex  :  stigmas  2-5,  distinct :  berry 
2-5-celled,  many-seeded :  seeds  several  in  each  cell,  with  a  shining 
dotted  testa, 


118 

(1)    E.  WlGHTlANA.       (Wall.) 

Ident.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  86. 

Syn*    E.  fasciculata,  Wall. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  38. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  cuneate-obovate,  bluntly  pointed, 
entire  towards  the  base,  sharply  serrated  upwards  :  peduncles  axil- 
lary, 1-3  together,  very  short :  styles  3,  united  to  near  the  apex  i 
stigmas  3  t  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula.  Neilgherries.  E.  tristyla,  (W.  fy  A.)  is  believed 
by  Dr.  Wight  to  be  identical  with  the  above  species. 

GENUS  IT.    CLEYERA. 
Polyandria  Monogynia.    Sex-  Syst: 

Dent?.     Called  after  Andrew  Cleyer,  a  Dutch  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  of  5  sepals,  with  two  bracteolcs  at  the  base  : 
petals  distinct,  broad  at  the  base  :  stamens  distinct,  adhering  to  the 
base  of  the  petals  :  style  single,  crowned  with  2-3  stigmas  :  berry 
2-3-celled  :  seeds  2  in  each  cell. 

(1)   C.  GYMANTIIERA,      (W.  $•  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  87. 
Enyrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  19. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree:  leaves  cuneate-obovate,  entire:  pe- 
duncles axillary,  twice  as  long  as  the  petioles,  2-edged  :  anthers 
dotted  with  little  points  on  the  connectivum  :  flowers  yellow, 

Neilgherries,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GENUS  III.    GORDONIA. 
fflfonadelpltla  Octanclria.    Sex    Syst  - 

Deriv.  Called  after  Alexander  Gordon,  a  celebrated  London 
nurseryman. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  silky  outsided  :  petals  cohering  at  the 
base  :  filaments  united  at  the  base  :  anthcis  ovate,  oscillatory  : 
styles  combined  to  the  apex,  crowned  with  the  4-f>-lobed,  peltate 
stigma :  capsules  4-5-celled,  4-5-valved,  loculicidal :  seeds  2-4  in 
each  cell,  terminated  by  a  leafy  wing. 

G,  OBTUSA.     (Walt.} 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  87. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I,  t.  20,-— 111.  I.  t.  30« 


119 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  cuneate-oblong,  serrulated, 
glabrous  :  peduncles  shorter  than  tfce  petioles  :  petals  obcordate, 
slightly  united  at  the  base  :  flowers  white. 

Neilgherries,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  IV.     SARAUJA. 
Polyanclrla  Monogyitla.    Sex.  Syst.- 

Deriv.     From  Saraujo,  a  Portuguese  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-sepalled  :  petals  united  to  their  middle  : 
styles  3-5  :  berry  furrowed,  filled  with  shining  pulp,  with  as  many 
cells  as  there  are  styles,  many-seeded  :  seeds  angular. 

(1)  S.  ROXBURGHII.     (Wall.) 

Jdent.     Voigt's  Hort.  Calc.  p.  91 . 

Syn.     Ternstrcemia  serrata,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  521. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  lanceolate,  serrated,  acumi- 
nate :  peduncles  lateral,  aggregate,  trichotomous,  1 -flowered  on 
each  of  the  ultimate  divisions :  petals  nearly  round  cordate :  style 
5-grooved  :  berries  the  size  of  a  pea,  smooth,  5-celled  :  seeds  few 
in  each  cell,  pulpy :  flowers  small,  rose-coloured. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

GENUS  V.     COCHLOSPERMUM. 
Monadelpliia  Octamlrla.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Kochlo,  to  twist,  and  Sperma,  a  seed,  alluding  to 
the  somewhat  twisted  seeds. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  oval-oblong,  unequal,  the  2  exterior 
smaller  :  petals  5,  twisted  in  aestivation  :  anthers  linear-acuminate, 
attached  by  the  base,  and  opening  by  a  pore  at  the  apex  :  styles 
united  to  the  apex  :  capsules  3-5-cellud,  3-5-valved  :  seeds  numer- 
ous, covered  with  cotton  :  albumen  fleshy. 

(1)  C,  GOSSYPIUM.     (Dec.) 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  87. — Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  527. 

Syn.     Bombax  gossypium,  Linn.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  169. 

Engrav.     Hook.  Bot.Misc.  II.  Suppl.  1. 18. — Cav.  Diss.  V.  1. 157. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  sepals  at  length  reflexed :  petals  emargi- 
nate,  unequal-sided :  leaves  palmately  5-lobed  :  lobes  acuminated, 
quite  entire,  tomentose  beneath  :  flowers  panicled,  large,  yellow 
with  the  peduncles  jointed  at  the  base. 

Travancore.  Coromandel.  Hurdwar.  Flowering  in  March  and 
April.  This  tree  yields  the  gum  called  Kuteera,  which  in  the 
North  West  provinces  is  substituted  for  Tragacanth.  This  genus 
has  been  removed  by  modern  Botanists  to  the  natural  order 
Cibtucese, 


120 


ORDER  XXV.    OLACACEJB. 

Trees  or  shrubs,  often  with  spines :  leaves  simple,  alter- 
nate, without  stipules,  occasionally  wanting :  calyx  small,  entire 
or  slightly  toothed,  afterwards  becoming  enlarged :  petals  hypo- 
gynous,  3-6,  valvate  in  aestivation,  distinct  or  cohering  in  pairs : 
stamens  3-10,  hypogynous,  usually  cohering  with  the  petals, 
some  fertile,  some  sterile :  filaments  compressed :  anthers  erect, 
2-celled,  bursting  lengthwise :  ovary  1-4-celled :  cells  3-4-ovul- 
ed :  style  simple,  with  a  3-4-lobed  stigma :  fruit  a  drupe,  inde- 
hiscent,  often  surrounded  by  the  calyx,  1-celled,  1-seeded :  seed 
pendulous :  albumen  large  and  fleshy, 

GKNUS  I.    OLAX. 
Triaiulria  Ulonogyitia.    Ser    Syst- 

Deriv.  From  the  Greek  term  for  a  furrow,  alluding  to  the  split 
flowers. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs,  with  quite  entire  leaves  :  calyx 
entire  •  petals  5,  four  united  by  pairs  to  the  middle,  the  fifth  dis- 
tinct, or  six  and  all  in  pairs  :  ovary  1-celled,  with  3  pendulous 
ovules .  stigma  3-lobed. 

(I)  O.  ZEYLANJCA.     (Linn.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  88.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  532. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  young  branches  acutely  angled  :  leaves  gla- 
brous, ovate-acuminate  :  racemes  axillary,  few-flowered  :  pedicels 
short :  sterile  filaments  with  their  upper  part  bifid. 

Concans. 

(2)  O.  SCANDENS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &A.  prod.  I.  p.  89.—Roxb.  n.  Ind.  T.  p.  1G2.— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  532. 

Syn.     O,  obtusa,  Blume. — Roxburghia  baccata,  Koen. 
Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t,  102. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub,  thorny:  young  branches  pubes- 
cent :  leaves  oval,  more  or  less  pubescent  beneath  :  racemes  axiN 
lary,  solitary,  pubescent :  petals  5-6 :  sterile  stamens  with  the 
upper  part  bifid  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Coromandcl  forests,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 


121 

(3)    0.  \VlOIITI\NA.       (Wall) 

Icknt.     W,  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  89.— -Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  27. 
Syn.     0.  Psittacorum,  VaM. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Scandent  shrub  :  leaves  ovate  or  oblong,  quite 
glabrous,  upper  side  shining,  under  pale  :  racemes  axillary,  often 
several  together,  lax,  usually  compound  •  sterile  anthers  bifid  :  fruit 
smooth,  oblong,  more  than  half  covered  by  the  calyx :  flowers 
white. 

Southern  Provinces,  flowering  in  February. 

(4)    O.   IMBRICATA.        (Roxb.} 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  164. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  532. 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Climbing :    leaves  bifarious,  ovate-lanceolate,  oil 
bblong,  glossy  :  racemes  axillary  :  drupes  ovate  :  flowers  white. 
Chittagong,  flowering  in  July. 

GENUS  II.     XIMENIA. 
Oetaiiclria  Mo  it  05711  la.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  In  honour  of  Francis  Ximenes,  a  Spanish  Monk,  who 
published  4  books  on  the  plants  and  animals  of  New  Spain. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  :  calyx  4-cleft,  not  enlarging  * 
petals  as  many  as  the  segments  of  the  calyx,  very  hairy  on  the  In- 
side, connivent  at  the  base  :  stamens  all  fertile  :  filaments  distinct : 
anthers  linear,  elongated:  ovary  4-celled  :  cells  1-ovuled:  style 
elongated  :  drupe  1 -seeded. 

(1)  X.  AMERICANA.     (Linn.} 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  89. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  533. — Roxb/ 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  252. 

Engrav.     Lam.  111.  t.  257.  f.  1,  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  thorns  axillary,  or  at  the  ends  of  the 
branchlets,  bearing  occasionally  leaves  or  flowers,  and  sometimes 
Smaller  thorns  :  leaves  oval,  emarginate  :  peduncles  4-6-flowered  : 
drupe  oval :  nut  crustaceous  :  flowers  small,  whitish. 

Circars,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  III.     BALANITES. 
ilecandrla  Moiiogyiiia.    Sex-.  Syst: 

t)eriv.     Meaning  unknown. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft:  petals  5,  ovary  5-celIed,  5-seect4 
ed:  spines  axillary:  pedicels  1-flowered:  drupe  ovate,  1-celleefj 
1 -seeded  :  nut  woody,  pentagonal, 


122 

(1)  B.  EGYPTIACA. 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  708. — Drury's  Useful  Plants,  p.  50, 
Syn.    Ximenia  Egyptiaca,  Roxb.  fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  253. 
Enyrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  274. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  20  feet :  leaves  bifoliate :  thorns  single,  very 
sharp,  frequently  bearing  leaves  and  flowers :  petals  lanceolate  : 
flowers  aggregate,  small,  greenish-white. 

Circars.  Guzerat.  In  dry  barren  uncultivated  places.  Flower- 
ing in  May. 

GENUS  IV-    OPILIA. 
Pentandrla  Monogynia.    Sex:  Syst: 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  truncated,  5-toothed,  not  enlarging :  petals 
5,  inserted  into  the  margin  of  the  calyx,  at  first  cohering,  afterwards 
distinct:  stamens  opposite  the  petals,  distinct:  glands  5,  alternate 
with  the  stamens,  thick  and  fleshy,  about  as  long  as  the  ovary ; 
ovary  oblong  :  style  wanting :  stigma  of  3  blunt  points. 

(1)   0.  AMENTACEA.      (Roxb>) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  87. 

Syn.     Ximenia  olacioides,  W.  fy  A.  prod.  I.  p<  89. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  158.— Wight's  111.  I.  t.  40. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree:  leaves  ovate  or  oblong,  entire,  some* 
times  slightly  serrulate :  aments  axillary,  small,  erect,  closely  im- 
bricated with  kidney-shaped,  pointed,  ciliated,  caducous,  3~flowered 
scales:  petals  spreading:  drupe  globose,  juicy,  1 -seeded  :  flowera 
small,  greenish-white, 

Circar  Mountains.     Pulney  Hills. 

GENUS  V,    GOMPHANDRA. 
Dlaecla  Peiitaitdrla.    Sex .-  Syst 

Deriv.  From  Gomphos,  a  club,  and  Aner,  male,  alluding  to  the 
club-shaped  filaments. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  unisexual  by  abortion  :  calyx  small,  not 
enlarging :  petals  cohering  at  the  base  :  stamens  all  fertile,  as  many 
as  the  petals  and  alternate  with  them  :  filaments  club-shaped  : 
ovary  1 -celled,  uith  2  pendulous  ovules:  stigma  sessile,  lobed; 
fruit  a  drupe,  1- seeded. 


123 

(I)   G.  POLYMORPHA.       (R.    W.) 

Uent.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  p.  21. 

Syn.  Platea  axillaris,  Thwaites  enum. — Stemonurus  axillaris, 
Mien  in  Ann.  H.  //.  X.  p.  41. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Large  rambling  shrub  :  leaves  oblong,  or  obovate* 
lanceolate,  acuminated,  glaucous  beneath  :  cymes  axillary,  solitary, 
or  in  pairs,  about  the  length  of  the  petiole,  many-flowered  in  the 
male,  2-3-flowered  in  the  female  :  calyx  minutely  4-5-toothed : 
stamens  projecting  :  fruit  oblong,  crowned  with  the  stigma :  flowers 
whitish. 

Courtallum  and  Coonoor  jungles,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 
(2)  G.  CORIACEA.     (Wight.) 

Ident.    Wight's  TIL  p.  103. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  oval  or  obovate-cuneate,  attenuated  at 
both  ends :  male  cymes  axillary,  few-flowered  :  female  flowers  soli- 
tary, or  2-3-racemose :  fruit  oblong,  cylindrical :  flowers  tetran- 
drous. 

Pulney  Hills. 

GENUS  VI.    STEMONURUS. 
IMeeela  Peiitaiulrla.    Sex:  Syst- 

Deriv.    From  Stemon^  a  stamen,  and  Ouros,  a  tail  or  appendage. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  bisexual  or  diaecious  by  abortion  :  corolla 
5,  rarely  6-petalled,  cohering  at  the  base  :  anthers  introrse,  2-cell- 
ed  :  ovary  free,  1-celled,  with  two  ovules :  stigma  obtuse :  drupe 
1 -seeded. 

(1)  S.  FETIDUS.    (R.  W<) 

Jdent.    Wight's  Spicil.  I.  p.  21. 

Syn*     Mappia  oblonga,  Miers  1 — Dalz.  Bomb,  flor,  p>  28. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  955. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middle-sized  tree :  leaves  alternate,  entire,  ellip- 
tic, oblong,  acuminated,  pubescent  beneath  :  flowers  small,  terminal, 
cymosely  panicled,  everywhere  clothed  with  short  hairs,  yellowish- 
white,  very  fetid  :  drupe  succulent,  olive-shaped,  purple  when  ripe, 

Goa  Mountains,  Neilgherries.  Flowering  during  the  rainy  season* 


124 

GENUS  VII.    BURSINOPETALUM. 
Pentaiidrla  monogynla.    Set    Si/at. 

Deriv.  From  Bursinos,  leathery,  and  Petalan,  a  petal,  alluding 
^o  the  coriaceous  petals. 

(JEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  bisexual :  calyx  5-toothed :  petals  5, 
furnished  at  the  apex  with  an  inflexed,  bidentate  process :  ovary 
1 -celled,  1-ovuled  :  drupe  ovoid,  umbilicate,  1 -celled,  1 -seeded. 

(1)    B.  ARBOREUM.       ( R.    W. ) 

Ident.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  p.  22.— Dalz.  Bomb,  flor.  p.  28. 

Evprav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  24. — Icon.  t.  956. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree,  with  very  dark  green,  almost  pur- 
plish foliage  :  leaves  oblong-elliptic,  acuminated  :  flowers  terminal, 
cymosely  panicled :  calyx  conical,  adhering  to  the  ovary  :  petals 
ovate,  pointed,  very  coriaceous :  filaments  short,  compressed :  an- 
thers large :  style  short :  fruit  drupaceous,  about  the  size  of  a, 
Small  plum,  ovoid,  the  apex  marked  by  a  broad  scar  where  the 
flower  had  fallen  off :  flowers  white. 

Sispara  Ghaut  and  Parwar  Ghaut,  Bombay.  Flowering  in  Ap.nl 
and  May, 

GENUS  VIII.    APODYTES. 
Pentaiiflria  Moiiogynia.    Set    Syst 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  bisexual  :  calyx  small,  not  enlarged  : 
petals  4-5  :  stamens  alternate  with  the  petals  :  ovary  1 -celled  : 
fruit  ovate-reniform,  bearing  on  one  side  a  fleshy  appendage :  in* 
florescence  terminal. 

(1)  A.  BENTIIAMIANA.     (R.  W.} 

Ident.    Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III.  p.  14. 
Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1153. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Tree :  leaves  elliptic,  obtuse  at  both  ends :  pa- 
nicles terminal,  contracted,  rigid,  shorter  than  the  leaves :  petals 
elliptic,  inflexed  at  the  point :  stamens  the  length  of  the  petals  : 
qvary  ovate,  hairy  :  stigma  truncated  :  drupe  half  ovate,  crowned 
with  the  base  of  the  style  :  fleshy  appendage  scutelliform  :  flowers 
white. 

Neilgherries,  rare.  A  single  tree  was  found  in  the  woods  near 
the  top  of  the  hills  behind  the  Avalanche  Bungalow,  flowering  in 
.February. 


123 


ORDER  XXVI.    AURANTIACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs,  abounding  in  glands,  full  of  volatile  oil; 
leaves  alternate,  usually  compound,  jointed  with  the  petiole, 
which  is  often  winged :  calyx  urceolate,  or  campanulate,  3-5- 
toothed :  petals  3-5,  broad  at  the  base,  occasionally  distinct,  or 
slightly  combined,  inserted  outside  a  disk,  imbricated  in  xstiv^- 
tion  :  stamens  inserted  on  the  disk,  and  equal  in  number  to  (he 
petals,  or  some  multiple  of  them :  filaments  flattened  at  the  base, 
distinct  or  in  bundles :  anthers  bursting  inwards  :  ovary  many, 
polled :  style  1 :  stigma  slightly  divided :  fruit  pulpy,  surround* 
ed  by  a  thick  rind  full  of  oily  receptacles :  seeds  solitary  or  nu- 
jnerous,  usually  pendulous :  albumen  none, 

GENUS  I.     ATALANTIA. 
HEonaflelplftia  Octandria.    Sex:  Sysi- 

Deriv.  From  Atalanta,  daughter  of  Schsenus,  for  whose  story, 
eee  Ovid  Met.  VIII.  book  4. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Thorny  shrubs  with  simple  leaves,  and  axillary 
and  terminal  flowers  :  filaments  united  below  into  a  tube :  ovary 
globular,  usually  4-celled  :  cells  2-ovuled  :  style  as  long  as  the 
staminal  tube :  stigma  3-4-lobed,  very  globose,  3-4-celled,  3-4* 
seeded. 

(1)  A.  MONOPHYLLA.   (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  91.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  535. 

Syn.  Limonia  monophylla,  Linn.  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  II,  p.  378.— 
Turraea  virens,  Koen. — Trichilia  spinosa,  Willd.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p^ 
623. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  12. — Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  65.  f.  1.—* 
Rumph.  Amb.  II.  t.  31.— Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  82. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  thorns  small  :  leaves  ovate  or  ob- 
long :  racemes  short,  sessile :  pedicels  long,  blender  :  flowers, 
white. 

Malabar  and  Coromandel,  flowering  in  November, 

(2)    A.   FLORIPUNDA.       (R. 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  IV.  p.  1C. 
fnarav,     Wight's  Icon,  t.  1611. 


126 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  or  small  tree,  thorny  and  much  branched: 
thorns  straight,  axillary  :  leaves  oval  :  racemes  axillary,  short, 
many-flowered  :  ovary  stipulate,  4-celled,  with  1  ovule  in  each 
cell :  fruit  about  the  size  of  a  nutmeg :  pedicels  longish  :  flowers 
white. 

Coimbatore,  flowering  in  October. 

(3)    A.  PLATYSTIGMA.       (72.    W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  108. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Style  wanting:  stigma  large,  flat,  appressed  to 
the  apex  of  the  ovary. 

Peninsula. 

GEtfUS  II.     LIMONIA. 
Deeaiidria  Moiiogynla.    Sex:  Syst? 

Deriv.     From  Lymoun,  the  Arabic  name. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  trees :  with  simple,  trifoliate  or  pin- 
nate leaves :  filaments  distinct,  broader  below  :  disk  elevated,  and 
forming  a  short  stalk  to  the  ovary  :  ovary  obovate,  4-5-celled  with 
1-2  ovules  at  the  top  of  each  cell :  style  elongated  :  stigma  obtuse: 
fruit  baccate,  4-5-celled  :  seeds  solitary,  surrounded  with  mucilage. 

(1)  L.  ACIDISSIMA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  92. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  536. 

Syn.     L.  crenulata,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  381. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  14.— Lam.  111.  t.  353.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  ;  spines  solitary  :  leaves  pinnate,  with  2-3 
pair  of  leaflets  and  an  odd  one  :  leaflets  oblong,  crenated  :  petioles 
broadly  winged  :  corymbs  umbelliform,  2-3  together  from  the  axils 
of  the  fallen  leaves :  petals  4,  oblong :  stamens  8  :  cells  of  ovary 
with  one  ovule  :  fruit  1-4-celled,  globose  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Coromandel.  Padshapore.  Hurdwar.  Flowering  in  April  and 
May.  The  fiuit  is  much  used  as  a  tonic  in  Malabar,  where  it  forms 
an  article  of  commerce  with  the  Arabs. 

(2)  L.  ALATA.     (Herb.  Madr.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  92. 
Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  41. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  3-foliolate  :  leaflets  cuneatc- 
obovate,  quite  entire:  petioles  slightly  winged  :  petals  5,  broadly 
oval :  fruit  globose :  flowers  panicled,  white :  cells  of  ovary  2- 
ovuled. 

Foot  of  the  Neilgherries, 


127 

(3)  L.  MISSIONIS.     (7FaH.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  92.— Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  III.  p.  291, 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  175* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Spines  solitary  or  in  pairs:  leaves  simple,  elliptic- 
oblong,  short  petioled  :  racemes  in  the  axils  of  the  spines,  many- 
flowered,  much  shorter  than  the  leaves  :  fruit  4-5-celled. 

Tanjore. 

(4)  L.  OLIGANDRA.       (Ddlt.) 

Ident,    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  28. — Hook.  Journ.  Bot.  II.  p.  258. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub :  thorns  numerous,  short,  recurv- 
ed :  leaves  trifoliolate  :  leaflets  elliptic  :  obtusely  acuminated, 
slightly  crenated  :  racemes  panicled,  axillary,  about  as  long  as  the 
leaf:  petals  5,  linear-oblong :  stamens  5  :  filaments  free :  fruit  the 
size  of  a  pea,  5-celled* 

Ram  Ghaut,  flowering  in  November. 

GENUS  III.    GLYCOSMIS. 
Decandria  Moiiogyiifta.    Sex    Syst 

Deriv.  From  Glukus,  sweet,  and  Osma,  Smell,  alluding  to  the 
fragrant  flowers. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  trees  without  thorns  :  leaves  pinnate  : 
Calyx  4-5-cleft :  petals  4-5  :  stamens  8-10,  alternate  ones  shorter  : 
filaments  distinct,  broad  and  flat  below  :  disk  elevated  in  the  centre, 
and  forming  a  stalk  to  the  ovary :  ovary  4-5-celled,  with  one  pen- 
dulous ovule :  style  conical,  very  short  and  thick  :  stigma  some- 
what lobed :  fruit  globose,  baccate,  with  one  seed  in  each  cell. 

(1)  G.  ARBOREA,     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W«  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  92. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  538. 
Syn.     Limonia  arborea,  Roxb.fi.  2nd.  II.  p.  381. 
Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  85. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaflets  3-7,  alternate,  oblong-lanceo- 
late, serrated  or  entire  :  petals  oval :  panicles  large  :  seeds  occasion- 
ally mucilaginous :  flowers  white. 

Concan  jungles  and  Circars. 

(2)  G.  NITIDA.     (W.  <MO 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  93. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaflets  3-6,  oblong-lanceolate,  nearly  op* 
posite,  entire,  coriaceous,  shining  above  :  racemes  simple  or  com- 
pound, short :  petals  usually  4  :  filaments  linear  and  flat  to  near  th# 
apex  :  ovary  and  fruit  glabrous  ;  seeds  without  mucilage, 


128 

(3)  G.  PENTAFHYLLA.     (Der.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  93. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  538. 

Syn.  Limonia  pentaphylla,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  381.— GL 
fchylocarpa,  W.  $  A. 

JEngrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  84. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaflets  3-5,  oblong,  entire  or  toothed  i 
panicles  contracted  :  petals  broadly  oval :  filaments  broader  towards 
the  apex  and  suddenly  contracted  below  the  anther  :  flowers  small, 
white. 

Peninsula.    Concan  jungles, 

(4)  G.  TRIPHYLLA.     (Wiylit.} 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  93. — Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  III.  p« 
298. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1C7. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaflets  2-3,  rarely  4,  elliptical,  obtusely 
pointed,  entire  :  racemes  usually  compound  :  petals  oblong-lanceo- 
late :  filaments  subulate  from  the  base  :  ovary  on  a  longish  stalk  : 
fruit  glabrous. 

Tan j  ore. 

(5)    G.  ANGUSTIf  OLIA.       (Litldl.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  93. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaflets  2-5,  alternate  or  opposite,  nar* 
tow-lanceolate,  entire :  racemes  short,  compound :  petals  oval : 
filaments  subulate  from  the  base  :  fruit  glabrous. 

Peninsula. 

(6)    G.  MACROCARPA.       ( R.   W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  109. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaflets  3-5,  oblong-lanceolate,  acumi- 
nated, quite  entire  :  panicles  terminal,  corymbose,  small :  fiuit  glo- 
bose, about  the  size  of  a  cherry. 

Courtallum.  The  large  size  of  the  fruit  forms  the  best  distin- 
guishing mark  of  this  species. 

GENUS  IV.     SCLEROSTYLIS. 
Deeandria  If  oiiogynia.    Sex .-  Syat  - 

t)eriv.  From  Scleros,  hard,  and  Stylos,  a  style,  alluding  to  (he 
fetyle  being  thick  and  hard. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  with  simple  or  pinnate  leaves  and  unsym- 
metrical  flowers:  sepals  and  petals  4-5  :  alternate  stamens  shorten 


129 

filaments  broader  and  flat  below :  ovary  2-3-cellcd  :  ovules  1  Of  2 
in  each  cell :  style  scarcely  distinguishable  from  the  ovary :  fruit 
globose,  baccate,  1-2-celled,  1-2-seeded. 

(1)   S.  ATALANTIOIDES.      (  W.  ty  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  93. 

8yn.     Limonia  bilocularis,  ftoxb.Jl.  Tnd.  II.  p.  377. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  71. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  armed  with  solitary,  strong  spines  :  leaves 
simple,  elliptic,  emarginate,  crenulated :  racemes  small,  few-flow- 
ered, axillary  and  terminal :  petals  5,  oblong  :  ovary  rarely  3»cell- 
ed :  berries  succulent,  2-ce*lled  :  flowers  small,  white. 

CoromandeK     Baighur  Fort.     Flowering  in  May. 

(2)  S.  RACEMOSA.     (W.  8f  A.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  91. 
Syn.     Atalantia  racemosa,  W.  $•  A. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  thorns  large :  leaves  ovate  or  oblong, 
more  or  less  emarginate  :  racemes  longish,  stalked :  pedicels  short : 
flower-buds  globose:  flowers  villous,  subsessile:  filaments  united 
to  near  the  apex. 

Southern  Provinces. 

(S)  S.  PARVIFOLIA.    (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  III.  I.  p.  109. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  71. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  sparingly  armed  :  leaves  narrow,  elliptic, 
slightly  acuminated :  racemes  axillary,  solitary  or  paired,  about  as 
long  as  the  leaves  :  flowers  on  longish  pedicels  :  petals  reflexed  ; 
filaments  united  into  a  tube :  fruit  globose,  small :  flowers  white. 

Peninsula* 

GENUS  V.    BERGERA. 
Deeandrla  ffltonogynla.    Sex:  Sytt: 
Deriv.     From  Berger,  Professor  of  Botany  at  Kiel. 
GUN.  CHAR.     Calyx   5-cleft  :    petals  5,   spreading:    filaments 
distinct :   ovary  oval,  2-celled,  with  1  ovule  in  each  cell ;   style 
elongated,  thick  :  fruit  1-celled,  1-seeded:  seed  mucilaginous, 

B.  KOENIOII.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  94.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  537.— Roxb* 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  375. 

Syn.     Murraya  Koenigii,  Spr.  Syst.  II.  p.  315. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  53,— Roxb.  Cor$  II.  t,   112,-! 


130 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  alternate, 
ovate,  acuminated,  serrated,  pubescent :  panicles  corymbiform,  ter- 
minal, many-flowered  :  flowers  small,  white,  fragrant. 

Coromandel.  Western  Ghauts.  Assam.  Flowering  in  Febru- 
ary. The  fragrant  leaves  are  used  in  seasoning  curries,  whence  the 
English  name  of  the  curry-leaf  tree.  They  retain  their  stomachic 
and  tonic  qualities  when  dry,  and  in  this  state  are  sold  in  the 
bazaars. 

GENUS  VI.    MURRAYA. 
Deeandrfta  Monogynto.    Sex :  Syst: 

Deriv.  Called  after  John  Murray,  a  Swedish  Botanist,  and  Pro- 
fessor in  the  University  of  Gottingen. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Unarmed  shrubs  :  calyx  5-partite  :  petals  .5,  con- 
nivent  to  the  middle*  into  a  tube  :  filaments  distinct :  ovary  2-cell- 
ed :  ovules  2  in  each  cell :  style  elongated  :  fruit  a  fleshy  berry, 
2-celled  :  cells  full  of  coloured  fetid  liquid :  seeds  solitary  :  seed- 
coat  woolly. 

(1)  M.  EXOTICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  94.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  537.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  374. 

Syn.  Chalcas  Japonensis,  Lour.  Cock.  p.  332. — Marsana  buxi- 
folia,  Sonn.  Voy.  Ind.  III. 

Engrav.     Rumph.  Amb.  V.  t.  18.  f.  2. — Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  96. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  5-7,  cuneate-obovate, 
obtuse  or  bluntly  acuminated,  coriaceous  :  peduncles  many-flower- 
ed, corymbose:  berry  globose,  1 -seeded  :  flowers  middle-sized, 
•white,  fragrant. 

Monghyr.  Foot  of  the  Himalayas,  flowering  in  the  hot  and 
rainy  season. 

(2)  M.  PANICULATA.     (llerl.  8m.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  94. 

JSyn,     Chalcas  paniculata,  Linn.  Lour.  Cock.  p.  331. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  small  tree  with  pinnate  leaves  :  leaflets  about 
5,  elliptical-ovate,  tapering,  acute  at  the  base :  upper  leaflets  larger 
than  the  lower  ones :  peduncles  terminal,  several-flowered,  corym- 
bose :  berry  oblong,  usually  2-seeded :  flowers  white,  very  fragrant. 

Peninsula.  Goalpara.  Circars.  Western  Ghauts.  Flowering 
in  tht  hot  and  rainy  season. 


131 

GENUS  VII.    MICROMELUM. 
Deeandrl*  monogyiila.    Sex-  Sytt: 

Deriv.  From  Micros^  small,  and  Melon,  an  apple,  alluding  to 
the  small  fruit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Petals  5,  spreading :  stamens  distinct,  alternate 
ones  shorter :  calyx  urceolate,  entire :  ovary  5-celled :  cells  2-seed- 
ed :  style  thick :  berry  dry,  1-2-seeded. 

M.  INTEGERRIMUM.      (W.  fy  4.) 

Ident.     Voigt's  Hort.  Calc.  p.  140. 

Syn.  Bergera  integerrimum,  Buck,  Roxb»Jl.  Ind»  II.  p.  376.—* 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  537. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  pinnate :  leaflets  opposite,  ob- 
liquely lanceolate,  with  long  tapering  points,  somewhat  villous 
beneath  :  corymbs  terminal,  decompound,  villous  :  flowers  short- 
pedicel  led,  numerous,  greenish-white,  having  a  strong,  heavy,  offen- 
sive smell :  berry  oval,  yellow  wken  ripe  :  seed  solitary,  nearly  as 
large  as  the  berry. 

Banks  of  the  Megna,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

GENUS  VHI.    CLAUSENA. 
Oetanclria  2HUmogynift.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.     Meaning  unknown. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  trees,  with  terminal  or  axillary  panicles  : 
calyx  4-toothed :  petals  4,  oval,  concave :  filaments  distinct,  conni- 
vent  below  the  middle,  dilated  and  concave,  and  slightly  vaulted, 
receiving  the  angles  of  the  ovary :  ovary  4-celled  :  ovules  2  in  each 
cell :  style  cylindrical :  stigma  entire  or  4-lobed :  berry  dryish, 
1-seeded. 

(1)  C.  WILLDENOWII.    (W.  $  A.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  96. 

Syn.  Amyris  dentata,  Willd.  Spr.  II.  p.  337. — Icica  dentatat 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  78. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  14. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  5-11,  alternate, 
ovate-acuminated,  slightly  oblique  at  the  base,  crenulated,  upper 
ones  larger :  panicles  racemiform,  axillary :  stamens  twice  the 
length  of  the  ovary :  stigma  4-lobed :  fruit  oblong. 

Chingleput,  near  Madras, 


132 

(2)  C.  PUBESCJSNS.      (JF.  $•  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  96- 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Shrub  i  young  branches,  racemes  and  petioles 
lensely  pubescent :  leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  7-11,  alternate,  ovate, 
tcuminated,  slightly  oblique  at  the  base,  pubescent,  upper  ones 
arger :  panicles  axillary  :  stigma  4-lobed. 

Peninsula. 

(3)  C.  SIMP1ICIFOL1A.      (Dal*.) 

Ident.  Hook.  Jouro.  Bot  III.  p.  180.— Dala.  Bomb.  flor.  p. 
30. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  simple,  oval-oblong,  attenuated  to- 
wards the  base,  dotted  with  black,  glabrous  :  cymes  trichotomous, 
springing  from  the  upper  axils  :  sepals  rounded :  petals  linear,  silky 
ti  the  base  inside ;  stigma  4-lobed :  ovary  4-celled :  cells  2-seeded : 
Sruit  the  size  of  a  pea. 

Tulkut  Ghaut,  flowering  in  August. 

GENUS  IX.    FERONIA. 
Dee*n<iri»  JBonogynla*    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.    Named  after  Feronia,  the  goddess  of  forests. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees :  flowers  often  polygamous :  calyx  flat,  5- 
toothed :  petals  5,  patent :  filaments  united  at  the  base  :  anthers 
tetragonal :  ovary  seated  on  an  elevated  disk,  5-6-celled :  ovules 
numerous  in  each  cell :  stigma  oblong  :  fruit  with  a  hard  rind,  5- 
cdled,  many-seeded. 

F.  ELEPHANTUM.      (Corr.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  96. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  588.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  411.— Drury's  Useful  Plants,  p.  220. 

Syn.    Cratseva  vallanga,  Koen. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  15.— Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  141. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  pinnated  :  leaflets  5-7, 
almost;  sessile,  oboyate :  petioles  slightly  winged :  racemes  lax, 
axillary  and  terminal :  style  scarcely  any  :  flowers  small,  pale  pink, 
with  crimson  anthers  :  fruit  about  the  size  of  an  apple,  with  a  hard, 
greyish  rind :  seeds  immersed  in  fleshy  pulp. 

Coromandel.     Western  Coast.     Guzerat.     Flowering  in  March. 

A  transparent  gum  exudes  from  wounds  in  the  bark,  having  the 
property  of  Gum  Arabic.  The  young  leavea  are  considered  sto- 
machic and  carminative.  The  pulp  of  the  fruit  affords  a  very  plea- 
sant jelly,  closely  resembling  black-currant  jelly,  only  mow  astrin* 
gent.  The  timber  is  hard,  durable  and  fine-grained, 


133 

GENUS  X. 
Polyandrto  9fonogyiiftj».    Sex?  Syit: 

Name  of  one  of  the  Hesperides. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  with  simple  spines :  flowers  bisexual,  calyx 
4-5  -  toothed :  petals  4-5,  patent:  filaments  distinct :  ovary  8-15- 
celled :  ovules  numerous :  style  very  short  and  thick :  stigma 
capitate :  fruit  with  a  hard  rind :  seed-coat  woolly. 

]&.  MARMELOS.     (Corr.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  96*— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  538.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  579. 

Syn.  Feronia  pellucida,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  538. — Crataeva  Mar- 
melos,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  III.  t.  37.— Rumph.  Amb.  I.  t.  81,-" 
#oxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  143.— Wight's  Icon,  t,  16. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  with  pinnate  leaves  :  leaflets  3,  seldom  5i, 
middle  one  petiolate,  lateral  ones  almost  sessile,  oblong  or  broad- 
lanceolate,  crenulated,  the  terminal  one  the  largest :  peduncles 
axillary,  few-flowered :  pedicels  long :  seeds  covered  with  a  trans- 
parent, glutinous  matter :  flowers  large,  greenish-white. 

Malabar  and  Coromandel,  flowering  in  May.  Common  about 
pagodas,  as  the  natives  have  a  deep  reverence  for  the  tree.  The 
medicinal  properties  of  the  fruit,  especially  in  dysenteric  affections 
are  well  known*  It  is  the  Bel  or  Bael  tree.  The  astringent  rind 
of  the  fruit  is  used  in  dyeing  yellow,  and  the  glutinous  liquid 
which  surrounds  the  seeds  is  an  excellent  addition  to  mortar,  es- 
pecially in  building  wells. 

GENUS  XL    CITRUS. 
Poiyadelpkla  Polyandrta.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deviv.     Said  to  have  its  name  from  the  town  Citron  in  Judaea. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  wijth  solitary,  axillary  spines : 
calyx  urceolate,  3-5-cleft :  petals  5-8  :  ovary  many-celled  :  ovules 
4-8  in  each  cell,  one  above  the  other  in  a  double  row,  pendulous : 
style  terete :  stigma  hemispherical :  fruit  7-9-celled  :  cells  many- 
seeded,  filled  with  pulpy  baga  or  vesicles. 

(1)  C,  AURANTIUM.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  97.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  639,— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  392. 

Syn.    C.  nobilis,  Lour. 

Engrav.    Rumph.  Amb.  II.  t.  34,  35, 


134 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  oval,  elongated,  acute,  some- 
times slightly  toothed :  petiole  more  or  less  winged :  flowers  white, 
large :  fruit  orange-coloured,  roundish,  usually  depressed :  pulp 
sweet, 

Circars.  Aurungabad,  Khassya  Mountains.  This  is  the  sweet 
orange. 

(2)  C.  BERGAMIA.      (RlSSO.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  98. 

Syn.  C.  limetta,  Dec.  prod.  I.  pt  539. — C.  acida^  Roxb.  fl» 
Ind.  Ill,  p.  390. 

Engrav.     Rumph.  Amb.  II.  t.  26.  f.  1,3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  oblong,  acute  or  obtuse,  under 
side  somewhat  pale :  petiole  more  or  less  winged  :  flowers  small, 
white  :  fruit  pale-yellow,  pear-shaped,  or  depressed  :  pulp  more  or 
less  acid. 

Peninsula,  Bengal.  Assam.  This  is  the  Bergamot  or  acid 
lime. 

(3)  C.  LIMONUM.     (Risso.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  98.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  539. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  oval  or  oblong,  usually  tooth- 
ed :  petioles  simply  margined :  flowers  white,  tinged  with  red :  fruit 
yellow,  ovoid,  terminated  by  a  knob  :  pulp  acid, 

Garrow  Hills.  Foot  of  the  Himalayas,  flowering  in  the  hot  sea* 
son.  This  is  the  lemon. 

(4)  C.  MEDIC  A.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  98.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  539.— Roxb« 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  392. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  oblong,  pointed  :  petioles  sim- 
ple :  flowers  white,  tinged  with  red  :  fruit  obovoid,  deeply  furrowed 
and  wrinkled,  terminated  by  a  knob  :  pulp  slightly  acid. 

Foot  of  the  Himalayas  and  Garrow  Hills,  flowering  in  the  hot 
season.  This  is  the  common  citron. 

GENUS  XII.    PARAMIGNYA. 
Decanclrla  Moiiogynla.    Sex:  Sysi: 

GEN.  CHAR.  Scandent  shrubs  with  axillary  spines :  calyx  ur- 
ceolate,  5-cleft :  petals  5,  lanceolate  :  filaments  distinct :  ovary  5- 
celled  :  ovules  2  in  each  cell,  one  above  the  other:  style  thick,  the 
length  of  the  stamens  :  stigma  capitate,  somewhat  lobed  at  the 
apex :  fruit  5-angled,  between  coriaceous  and  fleshy,  clothed  with 
short  pubescence, 


135 

(1)   P.    MONOPIIYLLA.       (Wight.) 

Ident.    Wight's  111.  I.  p.  108. 

j&yn.     Micromelum  monophyllum,  22,  W. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  42, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Scandent  shrub:  spines  reflexed :  leaves  simple, 
ovate-oblong,  acuminated :  flowers  axillary,  solitary,  or  rarely  3-4 
together :  fruit  ovate,  size  of  an  apple,  4-celled  :  flowers  white,  very 
fragrant. 

Courtallum.      South  Concans. 

(2)  P.  CITRIFOLTA.     (Wight.) 

Ident.    Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  140. 

Syn.     Limonia  citrifolia,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  379. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  armed  with  recurved  spines :  leaves  al- 
ternate, elliptic,  entire,  somewhat  acuminated :  flowers  short-pe- 
dunoled,  axillary  :  style  thick  and  short :  fruit  ovate,  of  the  colour 
and  appearance  of  a  lime  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  XIII.     LUVUNGA. 
Decantlrla  ftfonogyiiia.    Sex:  Syst- 

Deriv.    The  Sanscrit  name. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Scandent  shrubs,  armed  with  spines :  calyx  1- 
leaved,  cut  into  4  short,  truncate  divisions  :  petals  4,  linear-oblong, 
recurved :  filaments  8,  united  below  :  ovary  3-celIed,  with  2  ovules 
in  each  cell :  style  cylindric :  stigma  entire,  roundish  :  fruit  oblong, 
somewhat  3-lobed,  3-celled,  filled  with  a  resinous,  odoriferous  pulp : 
seed  solitary. 

(1)    L.  SCANDENS.      (Buck.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  108. 

Syn.     Limonia  scandens,  Roxb.fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  379. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  scandent  shrub  :  leaves  alternate,  ternate  : 
leaflets  lanceolate,  entire :  petioles  channelled  :  peduncles  axillary 
or  from  the  naked  branchlets  below  the  leaves,  each  supporting  from 
4  to  12  pedicelled,  pretty  large,  white,  fragrant  flowers. 

Silhet  and  Chittagong,  flowering  in  March  and  April, 

(2)   L.  EtEUTHERANDRA.       (Dah.) 

Ident.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  258.— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  30. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub,  with  axillary,  reflexed  spines  r 
leaves  trifoliolate,  long-petioled  :  leaflets  broad- elliptic  or  obovate, 


136 

coriaceous,  entire  :  flowers  axillary,  spiked :  spikes  shorter  than 
the  petiole  :  stamens  free :  iruit  filled  with  fragrant  resin,  size  of  an 
olive. 

Common  on  the  Western  Ghauts,  flowering  in  January. 

GENUS  XIV.    PIPTOSTYLIS. 
Decandrla  Moiaogynia.    &*.-  £?«/.• 

Deriv.  From  [Pipto,  to  fall,  and  Stylos,  a  style,  alluding  to  the 
deciduous  style. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  4-5-cleft  :  petals  4-5  :  stamens  distinct : 
filaments  alternately  shorter,  dilated  at  the  base,  subulate  at  the 
apex :  anthers  oval,  2-celled,  dehiscing  lengthwise :  oVary  round- 
ish, placed  upon  a  stalked  disk,  3-celled  :  ovules  twin  in  each  cell, 
collateral,  pendulous :  style  short,  thick,  articulated  with  the  ovary, 
caducous:  stigma  not  thicker  than  the  style  :  berry  2-1 -celled  by 
abortion:  cells  1 -seeded  by  abortion. 

(1)  P.  INDICA.     (Dalz.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  29. 
Engrav.     Hook.  Journ.  Bot.  III.  t.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  unarmed  :  leaves  unequally  pinnate  : 
leaflets  alternate,  ovate,  obtusely  acuminate,  shining :  panicles  ter- 
minal, corymbiform,  as  long  as  the  leaf:  berry  small:  cells  1- 
seeded  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Parwar  Ghaut,  flowering  in  March. 

GENUS  XV.    POLYCYEMA. 
Ortandrla  Monogynla.    Sex:  Sy$t: 

Deriv.  From  Polys,  many,  and  Kuamos,  a  seed,  alluding  to  the 
numerous  ovules. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  4-toothed  :  petals  oblong,  dotted  with  glands 
on  the  outside :  ovary  ovate,  4-celled,  many  ovules  in  each  cell : 
style  very  short :  stigma  4-toothed. 

(1)   P.  PENTAPHYLLtfM. 

Ident.     Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  141. 

Syn.    Arayris  pentaphylla,  Roab.  ft.  Ind*  II.  p.  247. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  unequally  pinnate  :  leaflets  usually 
5,  short  petioled,  broad-lanceolate,  entire :  petals  much  larger  than 
the  calyx  :  ovary  hairy :  panicles  terminal,  erect,  2-3-dichotomous- 
ly  branched,  with  a  single  sbort-pedicelled  flower  in  the  fork  :  fruit 
pulpy,  pale  orange-colour,  warty,  the  size  of  a  small  cherry. 


137 
ORDER  XXVII.    H7PERICACEJB. 

Herbaceous  plants,  trees  or  shrubs,  with  resinous  juice : 
leaves  usually  opposite,  entire,  without  stipules :  sepals  4-53 
distinct  or  cohering,  often  unequal,  dotted  with  glands,  imbri- 
cated in  aestivation :  petals  hypogynous,  4-5,  often  dotted  with 
black  glands,  unequal  sided,  twisted  in  aestivation :  stamens 
hypogynous,  indefinite,  sometimes  distinct,  almost  always  poly- 
adelphous: anthers  2- celled,  opening  lengthwise:  ovary  solitary: 
styles  several,  occasionally  cohering  at  the  base  :  stigmas  capi- 
tate or  simple :  fruit  baccate  or  capsular,  with  several  valves 
and  many  cells,  sometimes  1-celled :  seeds  small,  numerous,  or 
1-3  in  each  cell :  albumen  none. 

GENUS  I.    NORYSCA. 
Polyadelphia  Polyaiidria.    Sea: .-  Syst  • 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  coriaceous,  nearly  equal,  erect  after  flow- 
ering :  petals  somewhat  knife-shaped,  obliquely  acuminated,  deci- 
duous :  ovary  5-celled  :  styles  5,  often  united  to  near  the  apex : 
capsule  5 -celled,  somewhat  coriaceous. 

(1)  N.  MYSORENSIS.     ( Arn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  99. 

Syn.     Hypericum  Mysorense,  Herb.  Madr. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t,  50. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  young  branches  4-angled  :  leaves  oppo- 
site, crowded,  oblong-lanceolate,  acute,  upper  ones  half-stem-clasp- 
ing :  lateral  veins  running  almost  straight  and  parallel  to  each  other, 
nearly  to  the  apex  of  the  leaf:  pellucid  dots  roundish,  oblong  and 
long-linear  :  black  dots  none  :  flowers  solitary  at  the  extremities  oi 
1-3  short,  leafy  branchlets  :  sepals  ovate,  unequal,  almost  quite  dis- 
tinct, without  black  dots  :  petals  not  dotted :  flowers  yellow. 

Neilgherries  and  mountainous  districts  in  the  Southern  Provinces. 
Mysore.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(2)    N.   HOOKERIANA.       (W.    $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  99. 

Syn.     Hypericum  Hookerianum,  W.  fy  A. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  939. 


138 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Diffuse  shrub :  leaves  opposite,  somewhat  distant, 
oblong,  nuicronate,  contracted  at  the  base  with  a  kind  of  short 
petiole :  lateral  veins  arching :  pellucid  dots  round  and  oblong  : 
•black  dots  none :  flowers  solitary  at  the  ends  of  the  branches : 
sepals  roundish-obovate,  without  black  dots :  petals  not  dotted-: 
flowers  yellow. 

Southern  Provinces. 

(3)  N.  CERNUA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.    Voigt,  Hort.  Gale,  p,  90. 

Syn.    Hypericum  cernuum,  Roxb.  fl.  hd.  III.  p.  400. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  branches  round :  leaves  elliptic-oblong, 
mucronate  :  peduncles  solitary  or  in  threes  :  sepals  elliptic,  acute  : 
petals  oblong :  branches  purplish,  suffused  with  glaucous  pollen  : 
flowers  large,  yellow. 

Hurdwar.    Shreenagur,    Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  II.    BBATHYS. 
Polyatlelpliia  Polyaiidria.    Sex   Syst: 

Deriv.  The  Greek  name  for  the  Savin  tree,  alluding  to  the  habit 
of  the  shrubs. 

GfiN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  unequal :  petals  hatchet-shaped,  cuspi- 
date, involute  after  flowering  :  ovary  1 -celled  :  styles  3,  rarely  4-6, 
straight  or  recurved,  distinct :  stigmas  thickish :  capsules  1 -celled, 
3-(rarely  4-6)-valved. 

B.  WIGHTIANA.    (Wight.) 

Ident.    Wight's  111.  I.  p.  111. 

Syn.  Hypericum  Wightianum,  Wall. — W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p, 
'99. 

Engrav.    Wight's  111.  1. 1.  43. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  decumbent :  leaves  opposite,  sessile, 
Elliptic,  fringed  at  the  base  and  the  floral  leaves  along  the  margins 
with  ciliary  processes  tipped  with  glands  :  pellucid  dots  roundish : 
black  dots  Done:  flowers  corymbose:  sepals  oblong-lanceolate, 
acute,  toothed,  fringed  with  bristles  tipped  with  glands:  petals 
twice  as  long  as  the  calyx,  with  a  few  black  dots  along  the  margin ; 
styles  3 :  capsule  3-celled :  flowers  yellow, 

Neilgherries, 


139 


ORDER  XXVIII,    CLUSIACEJE, 

Trees  or  shrubs :  sometimes  parasitical,  with  resinous  juioo : 
leaves  opposite,  without  stipules,  coriaceous,  with  a  strong  mid- 
rib and  oblique  parallel  veins :  sepals  2-6,  round,  often  unequal 
and  coloured,  imbricated  in  aestivation :  petals  hypogynous,  4- 
10,  or  equal  in  number  to  the  sepals :  stamens  hypogynous,  in- 
definite, distinct  or  united  at  the  base :  filaments  unequal :  an- 
thers adnate,  bursting  inwards,  occasionally  very  mmute,-!- 
celled  and  opening  by  a  pore :  disk  fleshy,  occasionally  5-lobed : 
ovary  solitary,  1  or  many-celled :  ovules  solitary  or  many  in 
each  cell,  erect,  or  numerous  and  attached  to  central  placentae  : 
style  none  or  very  short :  stigma  peltate  or  radiate  :  fruit  cap- 
sular,  fleshy  or  drupaceous,  1  or  many-celled,  1  or  many-seed- 
&d,  dehiscent  or  indehiscent :  seeds  immersed  in  pulp,  often  with 
E^n  aril :  albumen  none. 

GENUS  I.     GARCINIA. 
Polyaiiflrla  Ulonogynla.    Sex  -  St/st : 

Deriv.  Named  after  M.  Garcin,  a  French  Botanist  and  traveller 
to  the  East. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  monaecious  or  dioecious  :  sepals  4,  persis- 
tent :  petals  4,  deciduous.  MALE  :  Stamens  short,  inserted  on  a 
large,  fleshy,  4-lobed  disk.  FEMALE  :  Stamens  8-30,  imperfect : 
filaments  distinct  or  monadelphous  or  4-adelphous :  the  fascicles 
Alternate  with  the  petals  :  anthers  usually  glandular  :  ovary  4-10- 
celled :  ovules  solitary  :  style  very  short,  crowned  with  the  peltate 
stigma  :  fruit  fleshy  and  juicy,  indehiscent,  crowned  with  the  per- 
manent style. 

(!)  G.  CAMBOGIA.     {Dear.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  100. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  561.~« 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  621. 

Syn.    Cambogia  gutta,  Linn. — Mangostana  cambogia,  Gaertn. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  I.  t,  24. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  lanceolate  :  flowers  terminal,  nearly 
sessile,  solitary:  female  filaments  about  16,  distinct;  stigma  $•* 
10-lobed,  fruit  8-10-furrowed,  8-10-seeded. 

Travancore,  flowering  in  February  and  March, 


,140 

(2)    G.  PEDUNCULATA. 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p,  625. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  114,  115. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  obovate-oblong :  flowers  terminal, 
peduncled :  males  numerous,  forming  small  triehotomous  panicles  : 
females  solitary :  filaments  short,  collected  on  a  large  4-sided, 
fleshy  disk  :  stigma  about  10-lobed :  fruit  very  large,  round,  smooth: 
seeds  10,  enclosed  with  an  aril. 

Rungpoor,  flowering  from  January  to  March.  The  fleshy  part 
of  the  fruit  is  used  by  the  natives  in  their  curries,  and  for  acidulating 
water.  It  has  a  sharp,  pleasant,  acid  taste. 

(3)    G.  PAN1CULATA.       (R()xl)r) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  626. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  112. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  decussated,  oblong-lanceolate,  smooth 
and  shining  on  both  sides :  male  flowers  very  numerous,  collected 
on  large,  brachiate  panicles  :  female1  flowers  on  a  separate  tree  : 
spikes  terminal,  having  5-7-scssile  flowers  :  stigma  entire,  dotted 
with  glands  :  fruit  size  of  a  large  cherry,  4-seeded  :  seeds  immersed 
in  pulpy  aril :  flowers  small,  white. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(4)  G.  PURPUREA.     (RoxbS) 

Ident.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  624.— Drury's  Useful  Plants,  p, 
230. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  branches  drooping :  leaves  lanceolate,  red 
\vhen  young,  afterwards  dark-green :  fruit  spherical,  not  furrowed, 
deep  purple  throughout :  stigma  8-lobed. 

South  Concans.  Khandalla.  The  fruit  has  an  agreeable  acid 
flavour.  The  seeds  furnish  the  concrete  oil  called  Kokum,  so  much 
used  in  cases  of  chopped  skin.  Workers  in  Iron  use  the  acid  juice 
as  a  mordant. 

(5)    G.    LANCE^EFOLIA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  623. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  103. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  narrow-lanceolate,  acute  : 
flowers  terminal,  solitary  :  stigma  6-8-lobed  ;  fruit  turbinate,  about 
^-seeded. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  February. 


141 

(6)  G.  ROXBUROHII.     (Wight.) 

•  Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  125. 

Syn.  G.  Zeylanica,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  621.— G.  Cowa,  W. 
$  A.  prod.  I.  p.  101.— G.  aflinis,  Do. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  lanceolate:  flowers  axillary  and  ter- 
minal, 1-3  together :  male  on  longish,  female  on  shorter  peduncles : 
filaments  of  the  female  4-adclphous :  fascicles  5-10-cleft:  ovary 
globose  :  stigma  4-8-lobed,  papillose  with  glands :  fruit  4-8-fur- 
rowed,  4-8-sedeed,  globular-ovate  :  flowers  small,  sulphur-coloured. 

Travancore.     Malabar.     Chittagong.     Flowering  in  February. 

(7)  G.  PAPILLA.    (R.  JT.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  960. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  obovate :  flowers  axillary,  nearly 
sessile,  aggregated  in  the  male,  1-3  together  in  the  female  :  ovary 
globose,  8-celled  :  stigmas  8-lobed  :  fruit  ovate-oblong,  furrowed. 

On  the  banks  of  streams  near  Coonoor,  flowering  in  the  rainy 
season. 

(8)  G.  PICTORFA.     (Eoxl.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  627. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  102. 

SPEC.  CH\R.  Tree:  leaves  oblong,  slightly  acute:  hermaphro- 
dite flowers  axillary,  solitary,  sessile  :  fruit  oval,  size  of  a  large 
cherry,  smooth,  slightly  marked  with  4  lobes  and  crowned  with  the 
warty  stigma  :  flowers  yellow. 

Mysore.  Wynaad  forests,  flowering  in  February.  A  valuable 
kind  of  gamboge  is  procured  from  this  tree. 

GENUS  II.    XANTHOCHYMUS. 
Polyadelplila  Polyaiidrla.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Xanthos,  yellow,  and  Chymos,  juice,  the  fruit 
abounds  in  yellow  juice. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  flowers  polygamous  or  bisexual :  sepals  4- 
5,  persistent :  petals  5,  alternate  with  the  sepals  :  fascicles  of  sta- 
mens flat,  opposite  the  petals,  and  alternating  with  5  large  glands : 
anthers  2-celled :  ovary  in  the  bisexual  flowers  only  3-5-celled1, 
with  one  ovule  in  each  cell :  stigma  3-5-lobed. 


142 

(1)  X.  PICTORIUS.     ( Roxb,) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  102.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  633.^ 

q.  prod,  I.  p.  562. 

Syn.     Stalagmitis  pictorius,  G,  Dow. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  196. 

SPEC.  CHA«R.  Leaves  linear-lanceolate :  flowers  latera],  fascicled, 
all  bisexual :  anthers  5-9  to  each  bundle  :  ovary  5-celled :  fruit 
ovate,  pointed,  1-4-seeded, 

Circars.     Mountainous  districts,  flowering  in  the  hot  season, 

(2)  X.  OVALIFOLIUS.     (Roxb,) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  102.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  632. 

Syn.  Stalagmitis  ovalifqjius,  G.  Don. — S.  cambogioides,  Moon, 
Cat.  Zeyl.  pi  p.  73. 

SPEC.  CUAU.  Leaves  oval,  shining  :  flowers  lateral,  fnsciclcd, 
male  and  bisexual  mixed  :  anthers  about  G-8  to  each  bundle  :  ovary 
3-celled :  fruit  oval,  1 -seeded. 

Western  Ghauts,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  III.    MESUA, 
Polyandrla  Moiiogynla.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Mesues,  an  Arabian  Physician  of  Damascus,  of 
the  eighth  century. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees :  sepals  4,  persistent :  petals  4  :  stamena 
slightly  connected  at  the  base  :  filaments  filiform  :  ovary  2-celled  : 
ovules  2  in  each  cell :  style  longish  :  stigma  peltate,  entire  :  cap- 
eule  ovute,  acute,  1 -celled,  2-valved,  1-4-beeded, 

(l)  M.  FERREA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  102. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  562.— Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  605. 

Syn.     M.  speciosa,  Choisy  in  Dec.  prod. 

Enyrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  118  &  961.— Rheede  Mai.  III.  t.  53. 
— Rumph.  Amb.  VII.  t.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  oblongjanceolate,  acuminated,  glau* 
coiis  below :  midrib  and  margins  coloured :  fruit  the  size  of  a  small 
apple  :  flowers  large,  white. 

Courtailum  Hills,    South  Concans.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season* 


143 

GENUS  IV.    CALOPHYLLUM. 
Polyaitdrla  Mtanogyitla.    Sex:  Sysi: 

Deriv.  From  Kalon,  beautiful,  and  Phyllon,  a  leaf,  alluding  to 
the  elegantly  veined  leaves. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  leaves  furnished  with  parallel  vems  : 
flowers  often  polygamous  by  abortion  :  sepals  2-4,  petal-like  : 
petals  2-4  :  stamens  sometimes  definite,  more  or  less  4-adelphous 
at  the  base  or  distinct:  filaments  short:  ovary  1-celled:  ovule 
solitary  :  style  longish,  flexuose  :  stigma  large,  peltate,  irregularly 
lobed:  fruit  drupaceous,  1-celled,  1  -seeded. 

(1)   C.  INOPHYLLUM.       (Z/Wfl.) 

Rent.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p,  103.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  562.—  -Roxb. 
fl,  Ind.  II.  p.  606. 

Syn.     Balsamaria  inopbyllum,  Lour. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  38.—  Rumph,  Amb.  II.  t,  71.— 
Wight's  Icon.  t.  77. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  elliptical  or  oboval,  obtuse  :  racemca 
longer  than  the  leaves,  from  the  axils  of  the  upper  leaves,  or  dis- 
posed in  a  terminal  panicle  :  sepals  and  petals  4  :  drupe  spherical: 
flowers  white,  very  fragrant. 

Peninsula  and  Southern  Concans,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 
(2)  C.  SPURIUM.     (Cho'isy.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  103.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  563. 

Syn.    C.  apetalum,  Willd.  —  C.  calaba,  Linn.  Burm.  Ind*  p.  120. 

Enyrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  ,39.  —  Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  60. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  branches  square  :  leaves  cuneate-obovate  : 
racemes  lax,  about  as  long  as  the  leaves,  axillary  near  the  ends  of 
the  branches  :  sepals  and  petals  2  :  drupe  small,  oblong. 

Travancore.     Canara. 


(8)   C.  ANGUSTIFOLIUM. 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p,  608. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  short-petioled,  lanceolate,  somewhat  ob- 
tusely pointed  :  flowers  in  axillary  fascicles  :  pedicels  with  a  cup- 
shaped  apex. 

The  Ghauts  south  Dharwar.  This  is  the  Poon  tree  yielding  the 
Poon  spars  for  ship's  masts. 


144 

GENUS  V.    CALYSACCION. 
Dlieela  Poly  atidrla.    Sc* .-  Syst  - 

Deriv.  From  Kalyx,  calyx,  and  SakJceion,  a  small  bag,  in  allu- 
sion to  the  mode  of  growth  of  the  sepals. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  unisexual,  MALE:  sepals  united  in  aesti- 
vation, forming  a  closed  sack  :  sepals  4,  imbricated  :  filaments 
short,  slender  :  anthers  2-celled  :  cells  approximated  :  connectivum 
slightly  prolonged,  and  truncated  at  the  apex  :  pistil  wanting. 

(1)  C.  LONGIFOLIUM.     (Wight.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  130. 

Syn.     Calophyllum  longifolium,    W.  fy  A.  prod. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1999. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  opposite,  oblong,  coriaceous  : 
flowers  in  clusters  on  the  thick  branches  below  the  leaves,  small, 
white,  streaked  with  red. 

Concans.  Mysore.  Flowering  in  March.  The  flower-buds  are 
collected  and  sold  in  the  bazaars  for  dyeing  silk,  and  are  also  used 
as  a  perfume. 


ORDER  XXIX.    HIPPOCRATEACE-3E. 

Arborescent  or  climbing  shrubs,  with  opposite,  simple  leaves : 
sepals  5,  connected  to  their  middle,  persistent,  imbricated  in 
aestivation:  petals  hypogynous,  alternate  with  the  stamens: 
disk  fleshy,  cup-shaped :  stamens  distinct :  ovary  triangular,  3- 
celled,  with  2  or  more  erect  ovules  in  each  cell :  stigmas  1-3 : 
fruit  fleshy,  1-3-celled  or  of  3  wing-like  carpels  :  seeds  nume- 
rous or  solitary  by  abortion :  albumen  none. 

GENUS  I.     HIPPOCRATEA. 
Trlandrla  Hlonogyiiia.    Sex:  Syst; 

Deriv.     From  Hippocrates,  the  celebrated  Greek  Physician. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  climbing  shrubs  with  twisted  branches : 
calyx  5-cleft:  petals  5:  filaments  dilated  at  the  base:  anthers  1- 
€elled:  style  short:  stigmas  3  :  carpels  3,  or  t-2  by  abortion,  com- 
pressed, l-celled,  2-valved,  dehiscent :  seeds  oblong,  compressed, 
winged  downwards. 


H5 

(1)  II.  INDICA.     (Willd.) 

Tdent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  104.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  568.-^ 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  1.  p.  165. 

Syn.     H.  disperma,  Vahl. 
Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  TI.  t.  130. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  sbrub  :  leaves  elliptical,  obtuse  or  acute 
at  the  apex,  serrulated  :  panicles  dichotomous,  corymbiform,  short- 
er than  the  leaves,  axillary  and  terminal:  petals  linear-oblong: 
carpels  oblong,  striated,  each  2-seeded :  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Peninsula.     Western  Ghauts.     Bengal.     Flowering  in  April. 

(2)  H.  OBTUSIFOLIA.       (Roxl.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  104.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  166.— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  569. 

Syn.     Salacia  Izcvigata,  Wight  in  Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  III.  p.  295, 
Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  963. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub:  leaves  elliptical:  slightly  ser- 
rated, very  coriaceous :  panicles  axillary  and  terminal,  longer  than 
the  leaves,  terminal  ones  sometimes  much  elongated :  petals  lan- 
ceolate, much  longer  than  the  calyx  :  ovules  6  in  each  cell :  car- 
pels obovate,  striated,  each  4-6-seeded  :  flowers  largish,  green. 

Madura  and  Tanjore.     Flowering  in  February. 

(3)  H.  GRAHAMII.     (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  134.— Dalz.  Bomb.  nor.  p.  32. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  380. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub  :  leaves  broad-ovate,  entire,  coria* 
ceous  :  panicles  numerous,  large,  many-flowered,  terminal :  petals 
linear-spathulate,  obtuse  :  carpels  obovate,  obtuse,  emarginate. 

Common  on  the  Western  Ghauts. 

(4)  H.  ARNOTTIANA.     (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Til.  I.  p.  133. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  46. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub :  leaves  ovate,  oblong,  acuminat- 
ed, remotely  serrated :  panicles  small,  few-flowered,  axillary  and 
terminal :  petals  from  broadly-ovate,  obtuse,  to  subreniform,  claw- 
ed: carpels  linear,  spathulate,  broadly  emarginate  at  the  apex: 
flowers  large,  yellowish-white. 

Malabar. 

(5)   H.  ARBOREA.      (Ro±b.) 

Ident.    Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  167.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  569, 
JEngrav.    Roxb,  Cor,  III,  t,  205, 


us 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Tree:  20  feet :  leaves  elliptical,  serrulated,  acu- 
minated :  branches  somewhat  climbing  :  corymbs  axillary,  dichoto- 
mous  :  carpels  linear-oblong,  somewhat  cuneated  :  flowers  greenwh- 
yellow. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  May. 

GENUS  n.    SALACIA. 
Triandria  jHoitogynla*    Sex:  Syif: 

Deriv.     From  Salacia,  the  wife  of  Neptnne. 

GEN,  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  small  trees  :  calyx  5-cleft :  petals  5, 
inserted  between  the  disk  and  the  calyx  :  stamens  inserted  on  the 
top  of  the  disk,  or  between  the  disk  and  the  ovary  :  filaments  dis- 
tinct :  anther-lobes  divaricating  at  the  base,  2-celled,  dehiscing 
lengthwise :  ovary  3-celled,  with  2  or  more  ovules  in  each  cell : 
stigma  obsolete! y  3-lobed  :  fruit  indehiscent,  fleshy,  often  1 -celled 
By  abortion  :  seeds  solitary,  without  wings,  pulpy, 

(1)  S.  PRINOIDES.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  105.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  571. 
Syn.     Tonsella    prinoides,     Willd.  —  Jolmia   Coromandeliana, 
Roxb.Jt.  Ind.  I.  p.  169. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  321, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  oblong,  acuminate,  serrulated, 
coriaceous  :  pedicels  fascicled  on  an  axillary  tubercle,  1 -flowered  : 
calyx-lobes  round,  more  or  less  pubeiulous  and  ciliated:  petals 
broadly-ovate,  unguiculate,  quite  entire  :  disk  large,  cup-shaped, 
thick  and  fleshy :  ovules  2,  superposed :  fruit  nearly  globose,  1- 
celled,  1-seeded,  about  the  size  of  a  small  cherry  :  flowers  very 
small,  greenish. 

Malabar.  Coromandel.  Warree  country.  Flowering  in  Decem- 
ber. The  fruit  is  eatable. 

(2)  S.  ROXBURGHII.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  105. 

Syn.  Johnia  Salacioides,  Roxb.fi.  Ind.  1.  p.  1C8. — Dec.  prod. 
I.  p.  571. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  bluntly  acumi- 
nated, nearly  quite  entire,  coriaceous  :  pedicels  several  together  on  an 
axillary  tubercle,  1-flowered:  calyx-k>bes  round:  petals  orbicular, 
entire,  sessile  :  disk  cup-shaped,  thick  and  fleshy,  obscurely  3- 
toothed  at  the  apex  :  anthers  almost  sessile  on  the  teeth  of  the  disk  : 
ovules  2  in  each  cell :  fruit  globose,  2-3-seeded,  about  the  size  of 
a  crab-apple  :  flowers  small,  greenish-orange. 

Chittagong.     Ram  Ghaut.     Flowering  in  the  hot  season, 


147 

(3)  S.  BRUNONIANA.     (W.  $  J.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  105. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  oblong  or  elliptic,  obtusely  acuminated, 
serrulate  :  pedicels  few,  from  an  axillary  tubercle,  1  -flowered : 
calyx  with  5  short,  blunt  teeth  :  petals  broad-ovate,  sessile,  with 
incurved  margins  when  dry,  entire :  ovules  2  in  each  cell. 

Peninsula.     Ram  Ghaut. 

(4)  S.  POMIFERA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  105. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  55. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  elliptic-ovate,  bluntly  acuminated,  slightly 
serrulate  :  peduncles  axillary,  forked  :  branches  very  short,  bearing 
2-3  flowers  on  very  short,  umbellate  pedicels :  petals  round-ovate, 
sessile,  quite  entire:  ovules  2  in  each  cell:  fruit  globose,  1-celled, 
1 -seeded,  as  large  as  a  walnut. 

Peninsula. 

(5)  S.  OBLONGA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  106. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  97. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  elliptic-oblong,  slightly  serrated 
or  entire :  peduncle  axillary,  short,  about  3-flowered :  pedicels 
equal  to  the  peduncle  :  petals  broad-elliptic,  slightly  toothed  on  the 
margin  :  stamens  longish  :  filaments  much  dilated  at  the  base : 
ovules  4  in  each  cell :  fruit  the  size  of  a  small  orange,  8-seeded  : 
seed  large,  angular  :  flowers  greenish-yellow. 

Peninsula.     Chorla  Ghaut. 

(6)    S.  RETICULATA.       ( R.    W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  134. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  twining  :  leaves  oval,  bluntly  acuminated, 
serrulate,  reticulated  when  dry  with  numerous  prominent  veins : 
peduncles  few,  1 -flowered,  shorter  than  the  petioles  :  petals  ovate, 
broader  at  the  base,  without  a  claw  :  fruit  large,  globose. 

Malabar. 

(7)    S.  MAC'ROSPERMA.       (R.   W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  III. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  962.— Spicil.  I.  t.  32. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  shrub  :  leaves  oblong,  elliptic,  acuminat- 
ed :  flowers  numerous,  fascicled,  short-pedicel  led  :  calyx  5-lobed, 
fringed  with  rusty-coloured  hairs  :  petals  ovate,  broader  at  the  base  :, 
ovary  3-celled,  with  2  ovules  in  each  :  fruit  irregularly  ovate,  few- 
seeded. 

Sisparah  jungles,  flowering  in  April. 


ORDER  XXX.    ERYTHROXYLACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs,  with  alternate,  rarely  opposite  leaves :  sepals 
5,  connected  at  the  base,  imbricated  in  aestivation:  petals  5, 
hypogynous,  broad,  with  a  small  scale  at  the  base,  twisted  in 
aestivation :  stamens  hypogynous :  filaments  united  at  the  base 
into  a  cup :  anthers  erect,  2-celled,  dehiscing  lengthwise  and 
sideways :  ovary  3-celled :  ovule  solitary  in  each  perfect  cell, 
pendulous :  styles  3,  distinct  or  united :  stigmas  3 :  drupe  1- 
Beeded  :  seeds  angular :  albumen  horny. 

GENUS  I.    SETHIA. 
Decandria  Trigynia.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  Called  after  S.  Sethi,  author  of  a  work  on  culinary 
vegetables. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-lobed  or  5-parted  :  styles  3,  combined 
into  one :  stigmas  3,  distinct. 

(1)  S.  INDICA.     (Dec.) 

Uent.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  106.-— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  576. 

Syn.    Erythroxylon  monogynum,  Roxl.fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  449. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  48.— -Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  88. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  alternate,  oblong  or  obovate, 
cuneate  at  the  base,  paler  beneath  :  pedicels  axillary,  1-3,  1 -flower- 
ed :  styles  combined  nearly  to  the  apex,  longer  than  the  stamens : 
stigmas  clavate  :  drupes  oblong,  triangular,  3-celled,  2  of  the  cells 
abortive  and  without  seeds  :  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Circars.     Mysore.     Courtallum,     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)  S.  IANCEOLATA.   ( R.  W.) 

Uent.    Wight's  111.  I.  p.  136. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  lanceolate,  obtuse  :  peduncles  axillary, 
solitary  :  styles  longer  than  the  stamens,  united  to  about  two-thirds 
of  their  length,  recurved  at  the  apex  :  stigmas  globose. 

Courtallum,  in  thick  jungles. 

(3)    S.  ERYTHROXYLOIDES.      ( ' R,   W.) 

Idtnt,    Wight's  111.  J.  p.  136. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  slightly  retuse,  eubses- 
Bile :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  much  longer  than  the  petioles : 


149 

styles  shorter  than  the  stamens,  free  nearly  to  the  base :  stigmas 
recurved,  clavate. 

Courtallum,  in  thick  jungles. 


ORDER  XXXI.    MALPIGHIACEJE. 

Small  trees  or  shrubs,  occasionally  climbing,  with  simple,  op- 
posite, usually  stipulate  leaves :  sepals  5,  persistent,  imbricated 
in  aestivation :  petals  5,  hypogynous,  with  claws,  occasionally 
wanting :  stamens  hypogynous,  with  distinct  or  slightly  mona- 
delphous  filaments :  ovary  1,  usually  3-lobed,  consisting  of  3 
carpels,  more  or  less  combined :  ovules  solitary :  styles  3,  dis* 
tinct  or  united :  fruit  dry  or  fleshy,  of  3  distinct  carpels  or  3- 
celled :  seeds  solitary,  pendulous :  albumen  none. 

GENUS  I.    HIPTAGE. 
Deeandria  ]9f  otiogynia.    £?#  .-  Syst  .- 

Deriv.  From  Hipiamai,  to  fly,  alluding  either  to  the  shape  of 
the  petals,  or  the  fruit  which  is  winged. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs :  calyx  furnished  with  5  glands 
at  the  base  on  the  outside:  petals  unequal,  fringed:  one  stamen 
much  longer  than  the  others  :  styles  united:  carpels  dry,  unequally 
3-winged,  with  or  without  a  central  wing  between  the  two  lateral 
ones. 

(1)  H.  MADABLOTA.     ( Gaertn.) 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  107.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  583. 

Syn.  Molina  racemosa,  Cav.  Diss. — Gaertnera  racemosa,  Roxfr, 
ft.  Ind.  IT.  p.  368. — Banisteria  Bengalensis,  Linn. — B.  unicapsu* 
laris,  Lam. 

Enyrav.  Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  59. — Roxb.  Cor.  I,  t  18,— ' 
Wight's  111.  I.  t.  50. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  ovate  or  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated : 
fruit  with  the  additional  wing  somewhat  conspicuous  :  flowers  white 
with  a  tinge  of  sulphur,  fragrant. 

Coromandel.  Western  Ghauts.  Hindostan.  Flowering  nearly 
all  the  year. 

(2)  H.  PAIWFOLIA,    (W.  $  A.) 
Jdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  107. 


150 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  small,  elliptical,  obtuse  :  shoots  elongated, 
twiggy  :  fruit  without  the  additional  wing. 

Courtallum. 

GENUS  II.     HIR^EA. 
Deeandrla  Trigynia.    Sex    Syst: 

Deriv.     From  Nicholas  de  la  Hire,  a  French  Physician. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs  with  opposite  leaves:  calyx 
•with  or  without  glands :  petals  roundish,  clawed  :  filaments  awl- 
fihaped,  slightly  connected  at  the  base,  alternately  shorter :  styles 
3,  distinct:  carpels  samaroid,  1 -seeded,  crested  or  naked  on  the 
back,  surrounded  by  a  wing  which  is  usually  emarginate  at  the 
extremities. 

(1)  H.  INDICA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  108. — Roxb.  fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  448. — 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  585. 

Syn.  Triopteris  Indica,  Willd. — Aspidopterys  Roxburghiana, 
A.  de  Juss» 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  160.— Wight's  loon.  t.  381. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broadly-ovate,  glabrous  on  both  sides,  ax- 
illary and  terminal :  calyx  without  glands  :  each  carpel  surrounded 
with  an  oblong-linear,  entire  wing. 

Coromandel  Coast.     Circars.     Concans. 

(2)  H.  NUTANS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  108.— Roxb.  fl.  Lid.  II.  p.  390.— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  585. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broadly  ovate,  acuminated,  upper  side 
shining,  with  a  few  appressed  hairs,  under  paler  and  hairy,  the 
hairs  fixed  by  their  middle :  panicles  pendulous  :  calyx  without 
glands  :  carpels  surrounded  with  an  elliptical  ring  :  flowers  small, 
yellowish. 

Interior  of  Bengal,  flowering  in  July. 

(3)  H.  CORDATA.     (Heynt.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  108. 

Syn.     Aspidopterys  cordata,  A.  de  Juss. 

Engrav.     Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  t.  13. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  roundish,  cordate,  acuminated  :  upper 
side  not  shining,  very  slightly  hairy :  under  side,  as  well  as  the 
petioles  and  panicles,  tomentose  :  calyx  without  glands. 

Near  Penn,  Bombay  Presidency, 


151 

(4)    H.   ROTUNDIFOLIA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  448. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Leaves  orbicular,  villous  underneath :   panicles 
axillary,  villous :  carpels  orbicular,  with  a  small  wing  on  the  back, 
Chittagong,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 

GENUS  III.    ASPIDOPTERYS. 
Monatlelpliia  Derail clrla.    Sex:  Syit- 

Deriv.  From  Aspis,  a  shield,  and  Pteron,  a  wing,  alluding  to 
the  winged  carpels. 

(t)    A.  GLOMERATA.       (R,    W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  VI.  p.  11. 
Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1980. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  coriaceous,  slightly  unequal-sided,  quite 
entire :  flowers  glomerate,  axillary  :  glomerules  short,  clothed  with 
tawny  pubescence  :  pedicels  about  the  length  of  the  petioles  :  calyx- 
lobes  oval,  sparingly  ciliated  :  petals  linear,  somewhat  obovate, 
slightly  pubescent  within. 

Courtallum.     Malabar.     Mysore. 

(2)  A.  CANARENSE.     (Dalz.) 

Ident.  Dalz.  in  Hook.  Journ.  Bot.  III.  p.  37. — Walp.  Ann* 
IV.  p.  371. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broad-lanceolate,  acuminate,  roundish  at 
the  base,  coriaceous,  quite  glabrous  :  younger  ones  scattered  on  both 
sides  with  fusiform  reddish  hairs  attached  by  the  middle :  flowers 
axillary,  simply  racemed :  rachis  covered  with  rusty  down,  scarcely 
longer  than  the  petiole  :  pedicels  long,  slender,  glabrous  :  calycine 
segments  ovate,  obtuse,  covered  with  rusty  villi  on  the  back,  gla- 
brous at  the  margins  :  petals  oblong,  obtuse,  4  times  longer  than  the 
calyx  :  wings  of  the  fruit  orbicular,  scariose. 

Canara,  flowering  in  February. 


ORDER  XXXII.    SAPINDACEJE. 

Trees  or  twining  shrubs,  sometimes  climbing  herbaceous 
plants :  leaves  alternate,  usually  compound,  with  or  without  sti- 
pules :  flowers  polygamous :  sepals  4-5,  distinct  or  slightly 
coherent  at  the  base,  imbricated  in  aestivation :  petals  usually  as 
many  as  the  sepals,  alternating  with  them,  occasionally  absent, 


152 

hypogynous,  sometimes  naked,  or  hairy  or  glandular,  or  furnish- 
ed with  a  petaloid  scale,  imbricated  in  aestivation :  disk  some- 
times occupying  the  base  of  the  calyx  and  expanded  between 
the  petals  and  stamens,  sometimes  consisting  of  glands  between 
the  petals  and  stamens :  stamens  8-10,  rarely  20,  either  inserted 
on  the  disk,  or  on  the  receptacle  between  the  glands  and  the 
ovary :  filaments  free  or  slightly  combined  at  the  base  :  anthers 
bursting  lengthwise.  MALE  :  pistil  rudimentary  or  wanting. 
FEMALE:  Ovary. 3,  rarely  2-4-celled:  ovules  1-3  in  each  cell: 
style  undivided  or  2-3-clcft:  fruit  sometimes  capsular,  2-3- 
valved,  occasionally  extended  at  the  back  into  a  wing,  occasion- 
ally fleshy  and  indehiscent :  seeds  generally  with  an  aril :  albu- 
men none :  embryo  usually  curved  or  spirally  twisted. 

GENUS  I.    CARDIOSPERMUM. 
Octand**ia  Trigynia.    Sex-  Sy*t: 

Deriv.  From  Kardia,  the  heart,  and  Sperma,  a  seed,  alluding  to 
the  shape  of  the  seeds. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Twining  and  climbing  herbaceous  plants,  general- 
ly with  tendrils:  leaves  without  stipules  :  flowers  racemose :  com- 
mon peduncles  with  2  opposite  tendrils  under  the  racemes  :  sepals 
4,  two  exterior  ones  smaller :  petals  4,  the  two  lateral  ones  usually 
adhering  to  the  sepals,  each  with  a  scale  above  the  base,  the  two 
lower  ones  with  their  scales  furnished  with  a  crest  at  the  extremity 
and  with  an  inflexed  appendage  beneath  the  apex  :  glands  2,  situ- 
ated on  the  disk  opposite  the  lower  petals  :  the  4  stamens  that  are 
nearest  the  glands  shorter  than  the  others  :  style  3-cleft,  with  the 
stigmas  attached  to  the  segments  on  the  inside :  capsule  membra- 
nous, like  a  bladder,  3-celled,  3-valved,  loculicidal :  seeds  globose, 
ariilate. 

(1)  C.  HALICACABUM.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A  prod.  I.  p.  109.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  601. — Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  292. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  508.— Rheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  28,— 
Rumph.  Arab.  VI.  t.  24.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  climbing :  leaves  bitemate  :  leaflets  ob« 
long,  acuminated,  coarsely  cut  and  serrated  :  fruit  broadly  pear- 
shaped  :  seeds  black,  with  a  white  spot :  flowers  very  small,  whit6 
or  pale  rose-coloured. 

All  over  India>  flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 


153 

GENUS  n.     SCHMIDELIA. 
Oetandria  lloiiogyiiia.    Sex:  Syst: 

eriv.     Called  after  Professor  Christopher  Schmidel,  a  Botani- 
cal Author. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  or  shrubs :  sepals  4,  unequal :  petals  4, 
(the  fifth  deficient)  either  naked  or  with  a  scale  above  the  claw : 
disk  incomplete,  with  4  glands  opposite  the  petals :  ovary  2-3-lob- 
ed :  style  from  between  the  lobes  of  the  ovary,  2-3-cleft,  the  seg- 
ments recurved,  with  the  stigmas  inside :  fruit  indehiscent,  1-2, 
irarely  3-lobed  :  lobes  fleshy  or  dry,  1 -celled:  seeds  with  or  with- 
out an  aril. 

(1)  S.  COBBE.     (Dec.} 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  109. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  610. 

Syn.  Ornitrophe  Cobbe,  Willd.  Roxb.  fl.  Lid.  II.  p.  268.-— 
Toxicodendron  Cobbe,  Gacrtn. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  2.5. — Wight's  Icon  t.  964. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  trifoliate  :  leaflets  ovate  or  oblong, 
acute,  berrated,  young  ones  more  or  less  pubescent  above,  villoua 
beneath:  older  ones  slightly  pubescent  :  racemes  axillary,  solitary, 
simple  or  bifid  :  petals  wodge-shaped,  with  a  scale  bearing  a  tuft 
of  hairs  above  the  claw  :  ovary  hairy,  2-lobed  :  fruit  baccate  :  flow- 
ers small,  white. 

Malabar,     Courtallum. 

(2)    S.  SERRATA.       (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  110. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  610. 

Syn.     Ornitrophe  serrata,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  266. 

Encjrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  61. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  shrub  :  leaves  trifoliate  :  leaflets  ovate  or 
pblong,  acute,  serrated  :  younger  ones  pubescent  on  the  nerves 
beneath  :  older  ones  with  a  glandular  tuft  of  hairs  in  the  axils  of 
the  nerves  :  racemes  axillary,  solitary,  simple  :  petals  wedge-shaped, 
with  a  hairy  scale  above  the  claw  :  ovary  hairy,  2-lobed  ;  fruit 
baccate ;  flowers  small,  white. 
,  Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(3)  S,  RHEEDII.     (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  964. — Spicil.  t.  33. 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Diffuse  shrub  :  all  the  young  parts  densely  villoua 
or  tomentose  :    leaves   elliptic-oblong,  acute,  serrated,  pubescent 


154 

above :  racemes  axijlary,  solitary  or  paired,  often  longer  than  tfc* 
leaves  and  branched  :  petals  hairy,  with  4  fleshy  glands  at  the  base  : 
ovary  hairy  :  berry  2  pr  by  abortion,  Wolfed  :  flowers  small,  white, 

Malabar,  Eastern  slopes  of  the  Neilgherries  and  Coimbatora 
Hills. 

(4)  SI.  VILLOSA.     (Wight.) 

Ident.    Wight's  Icon.  vol.  II. 

Syn.     Ornitrophe  villosa,  Jlopb.fl.  Jnd,  II.  p.  265. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon,  t.  401. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  tomentose:  leaves  ternate:  leaflets  ob- 
long, ventricose,  remotely  serrulate  :  racemes  axillary  and  terminal, 
simple,  very  hairy  :  petals  wedge-shaped,  very  woolly  on  the  inside : 
flowers  numerous,  small,  hairy,  collected  into  little  fascicles  all  over 
the  raceme, 

Chittagong,     South  Concans. 

(5)  S.  APORETICA. 

Ident.     Voigt.  Hort.  Oalc.  p.  93. 

Syn.     Ornitrophe  aporetica,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  264. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Sbrub  :  leaves  ternate :  leaflets  sessile,  brpa<J- 
lanceolate,  acuminate,  acutely  serrate  :  racemes  axillary,  solitary, 
simple,  shorter  than  the  leaves :  petals  wedge-shaped,  very  woolly 
oh  the  inside  'above  the  middle,  with  a  small  pale-yellow  gland  at 
the  base  of  each  :  stigma  2-lobed  :  lobes  revolute  :  berries  2,  sue* 
culent,  red  when  ripe :  flowers  numerous,  small,  pale«-yello.w, 
fascicled. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  June. 

(6)  S.  GiAfcRA* 

Ident.     Voigt,  Hort.  Calc.  p.  93. 

Syq.     Ornitrpphe  glabra,  Ro$b.  $.  Ind.  II.  p.  267. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  ;  leaves  ternate  :  leaflets  oblong,  serrate, 
with  small  hairy  glands  in  the  axils  of  the  veins  underneath  :  ra- 
cemes axillary,  solitary,  simple,  twice  the  length  of  the  petioles : 
petals  ouneate,  with  a  tuft  of  wool  about  the  middle  on  the  inside  i 
gland  somewhat  crescent*shaped,  yellow,  between  the  petals  and 
stamens  i  flowers  numerous,  fascicled ;  berries  1-2*  red  ^bf n  rjpe, 
pulpy. 

Chittagong,   flowering  in  May. 

OiBBfUS  HI.    S£PJNDTJS, 
Octandrift  monogynl*.    Sex:  Sytt> 

J)eriv.  From  Sapq  Indiws,  Indian  soap,  in  allusion  to  the  ust 
tf  thf 


IS* 

Qtftf.  CrtAfe.  Treed  :  calyx  4-5*partite  :  petals  as  many  as  tua 
irepals,  naked  or  hairy  or  with  a  scale  above  the  claw  :  disk  entire  of 
cf  emulated  :  ovary  3,  rarely  2-celled  :  ovule  1,  erect  at  the  base  ,ol 
eatih  cell  t  fttyle  crowned  with  a  3-lobed  stigma  t  fruit  externally 
ftes/hy*  l-2-l6bed  t  lobes  1-  seeded  :  seeds  without  an  aril. 

(1)    S.  LAURIFOLIUS.      (Vdhl.) 

t&nl.  W.  &  A.  prbd.  L  p.  111.—  Dec*  prod.  I.  p»  608,—  fcoxb* 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  278. 

Syn,    9.  ttffoliata,  IIIM. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  19. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Small  tree  :  leaves  abfupftly  pinnate  :  leaflets  about 
3  pair,  ovate-lanceolate,  quite  entire  :  racemes  in  terminal  panicles  : 
petals  lanceolate,  woolly  all  over  the  inside,  without  any  gland  or 
scale  t  stamens  woolly  j  ovary  3-lobed,  very  hairy  i  stigma  3-tooth-* 
ed  t  fruit  of  3  combined  round  berries  :  dowers  small)  white. 

Malabar.  Peninsula.  Flowering  in  December.  Betry  sapo* 
naceoiis  and  tfced  by  washermen. 

(2)    S.  EMARGINATUS.       (Pahl.J 

Ident.     W*  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  lll.-^-Dec.  prod,  L  p.  608. 
Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  51. 

SP»C.  CHAR.  Tree  t  petiole  pubescent  i  leaves  abruptly  pinnate  i 
leaflets  2*^3  pair,  oblong,  retuse  or  emarginate,  entire  i  under  side 
Very  downy  J  panicles  terminal  :  petals  densely  hairy  on  the  outside*" 
the  margins  very  woolly,  with  a  small,  woolly  appendage  on  each 
side  about  the  middle  :  stamens  woolly,  ovary  densely  hairy  :  fruit 
Usually  3*lobed  :  lobes  very  hairy  on  the  inside  at  the  insertion  of 
Che  seeds  :  flowers  small,  white* 

Peninsula.  Bengal.  Flowering  in  October.  The  seeds  are 
Used  for  washing  the  finer  kinds  of  silk.  The  St  deter  gens  (Jioxb.) 
is  probably  identical  with  this  species,  and  only  differs  by  the  leaf* 
lets  being  glabrous  on  both  sides,  and  having  from  4-6  pair. 

(^    S.  OBOVAttS.      (W.  $  A.) 

fcteM.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  111. 

SPEC.  CHAR*  Leaves  abruptly  pinnate:  leaflets  about  4  pair* 
narrow,  cuneate-obovate,  suddenly  acuminated,  entire,  glabrous  on 
bbtHv  side's  :  raceme's  terminal  :  petals  glabrous  on  both  sfdes,  with 
a  woolly  scale  at  the  base  on  th6  inside  ;  ovary  densely  hairy,  ob« 
torig,  tf-'sidet!,  but  nbt  lotted* 

Penihaufa'. 


(4?)  S.  itvtfioitfostrs. 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  112.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind,  II.  p,  282«-4 
IW.  fcfcfcl.  I.  p.  608. 

^«/w.     S.  fraxinifolius,  Dec.  —  Moulinsia  rubiginosa,  G. 
Roxb,  Cor,  I,  t,  62» 


158 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  younger  parts  clothed  with  rusty  pubes- 
cence :  leaves  abruptly  pinnate :  leaflets  4-6  pair,  oblong-lanceo- 
late, acuminated,  entire,  slightly  hairy  beneath :  racemes  in  termi- 
nal panicles :  calyx  unequal :  petals  4,  (the  fifth  deficient)  glabrous, 
with  a  distinct  claw  :  limb  cordate-oblong  :  scale  attached  to  the 
petals  by  the  margin,  very  coolly,  "with  a  woolly  appendage  at  its 
back  overtopping  the  scale  :  stamens  on  one  side,  woolly  :  ovary 
deeply  3-lobcd,  hairy  :  style  longish  :  berries  1-2,  rarely  3,  nearly 
unconnected  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula.  Circars,  flowering  in  March.  The  timber  of  this  tree 
is  very  useful,  being^straight,  strong  and  durable. 

(5)  S.  DANURA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  274. 

Syn.     Scytalia  Danura,  Roxb.  I.  e. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  broad-lanceolate,  cordate  at  the 
base  :  panicles  terminal :  petals  \\itli  2  woolly  scales  at  their  base  ; 
style  shortish  :  flowers  numerous,  solitary,  pale  rose-coloured. 

The  Delta  of  the  Ganges,  flowciing  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  IV.    CUPANIA. 
ftecaitdria  If  oiiogyiiia.    Sex  •  Sysf: 

Deriv.  Called  after  Francis  Cupani,  author  of  several  Botanical 
works. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  with  abruptly  pinnated  leaves: 
calyx  .r>-cleft :  petals  5,  rarely  wanting,  each  usually  furnished  with 
a  scale  above  the  base  :  rt.imens  inseited  between  the  margin  of  the 
disk  and  the  ovary  :  ovary  3-cellcd,  with  one  erect  ovule  in  each 
cell :  style  simple  or  3-cbft  :  capsule  2-3-angled,  2-3-celled,  locu- 
licidal :  seeds  with  an  aril. 

(1)    C.  CANESCENS.       (Pers.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  113.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  613. 

Syn.  Molinrca  canescens,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  243. — Sapindus 
tetraphyllus,  Vuhl. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  608, 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  t.  60. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaflets  2  pair,  obovate  or  oblong,  quite 
entire,  glabi ous  :  racemes  simple  or  panicled,  from  the  old  leafless 
shoots  :  sepals  roundish  :  petals  4,  (fifth  deficient,)  flat,  the  claw 
silky  at  the  back  :  scale  woolly  in  front,  2-cleft,  with  a  crested  ap- 
pendnge  at  its  back  below  the  cleft:  stamens  8,  on  one  side,  oppo- 
site from  the  disk  :  ovary  ovate  :  style  simple,  elongated:  stigma  3* 
toothed  :  capsule  ovoid,  3-sided  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Circars.  Ham  Ghaut  and  Khandalla.  Flowering  in  February 
and  March. 


157 

(2)  C.  ROXBUROHII.     (IPight.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  IT. 

Syn.     Schleichera  pentapetala,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  275. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  402. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaflets  3-4  pair,  somewhat  alternate^ 
lanceolate  :  panicles  axillary,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  softly  pubes- 
cent :  petals  5,  lanceolate,  with  2  small  scales  at  the  base  :  flower* 
small,  numerous,  yellowish-green. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 

GENUS  V.    HAKPULIA. 
Pentaiidrla  REoiiogynfta.    £**••  Systi 

Deriv.     From  Harpulat  the  native  name. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5  :  petals  5,  alternating  with  the  stameng  J 
style  short :  stigma  24obed  :  lobes  reflexed  :  capsule  2-celled. 

H.  CUPANIOIDFS.     (Roxb,) 
Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p,  645. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  abruptly  pinnate  :  leaflets  4- 
6  pair,  ovate-lanceolate,  entire  :  panicles  axillary,  solitary  :  flowers 
small,  yellowish. 

Chittagongi  flowering  in  April. 

GENUS  VI.    NEPIIELIUM. 
Octaitclrla  Honogynia.    Sex  •  Syst 

Deriv.  An  ancient  name  of  the  Burdock,  applied  to  this  gentif 
on  account  of  the  rough  fruit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees:  with  abruptly  pinnate,  exstipulate  leaves  : 
calyx  4-6-cleft :  petals  4-6,  glabrous  or  densely  pilose  or  with  a 
scale  on  the  inside,  sometimes  wanting :  ovary  obcordate,  usually 
double  and  2-celled,  sometimes  3-lobed  and  3-celled,  with  one 
erect  ovule  in  each  cell:  stigma  2-lobed  or  2-cleft,  or  2-3  distinct ; 
fruit  indehiscent,  either  tubercled,  muricated  or  smooth :  seed*  co- 
vered by  a  fleshy  aril. 

(1)  N.  LONGANUM,     (Camb.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  113. 

Syn.  Dimocarpus  Longan,  Lour. — Euphoria  Longana,  Lain, 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  611. — Scytalia  Longan,  Roxb*  Jl,  Ind.  IL  p.  2*?G< 

Engrav.     Bot.  Reg.  XX.  t.  1729. 


158 

SP&C*  CHAR.  Leaflets  2-4  pair,  entire,  somewhat  glaucous 
beneath  :  panicles  lax,  terminal  :  calyx  deeply  5-partite  :  petals 
6,  narrow-oblong,  hairy,  without  a  scale  t  stamens  hairy  i  ovary 
2-3-lobed  :  sttgmas  2-8,  linear  •  berries  uatially  solitary  or  in  flairs, 
rarely  3,  globose,  slightly  scabrous  :  flowers  white. 

^  Peninsula.  Ram  Ghaut.  Flowering  in  February  and  March. 
The  fruit  which  is  the  size  of  a  cherry  id  eatable,  The  wood  if 
bard  and  close-grained. 

(2)  N.  RIMOSUM.     (W.  %  A.) 
Xdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  113.  Annot. 
Syn.    Scytalia  rimosa,  Rotib.fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  272. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaflets  3-4  pair,  lanceolate  :  panicles  ax* 
lllary  and  terminal  :  petals  wanting  :  berries  oblong,  rimose,  tuber* 
cled  :  flowers  small,  greenish, 

Silhet,  flowering  in  March  and  April.     Fruit  eatable. 

(3)  N.  RtiB*tw.     (Wight.) 
Ident.     Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  95. 
Syn.     Scytalia  rubra,  Roxb.  /.  Ind.  II.  p.  272. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  24,  25. 

SPE<J.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaflets  4-5  pair,  lanceolate  r  panicles  tetf* 
minal  and  axillary,  shorter  than  the  leaves  :  petals  5,  round,  com 
cave,  smooth  :  stigma  2-cleft  :  segments  recurved  :  fruit  oblong, 
smooth,  purple  :  flowers  small,  dark-purplish  red. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  March. 

GE?OJ&Vn.    SOHLE1CHEBA.   * 

Sex:  fyst: 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  leaves  abruptly  pinnate,  exstipulate  J 
calyx  5-toothed:  petals  Wanting:  ovary  3-celled,  with  one  erect 
ovule  in'  each  cell  :  style  crowned  by  a  3-cleft  stigma  :  drupe 
itfdehisceht,  1-2-celled  :  seeds  solitary,  covered  with  pulpy  aril. 


(1)   £  TRUttGA. 

tient.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  114.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  py  277- 

Syn.  Melicocca  trijuga,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  615.—  Stadmannia 
tnjuga,  Spteng. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Leaflets  about  3  paSr,  obTOhg  or  bWfedlf-lanceo- 
late>,  entire,  nearly  glubrOUs  :  racemes  axillary  or  below  the  fetfves, 
solitary,  simple  or  compound  :  drupe  globose,.  strnnoAnted>  wflh  « 
points  1  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Coromandel.  Western  Ghauts  and  Travaneore,  Flowering  in 
reoruary  and  March,  -  * 


159 

QfWUS  VIII.    DODON^EA, 

OIJQgyul*.     Sea::  Sy9t : 

Deriv.  In  honour  of  R.  Dodoens,  author  of  the  "  Histgria 
Flan  ta  rum.'* 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs,  with  exstipulate,  simple  or  pinnate  leaves : 
calyx  4,  rarely  5 -partite :  petals  wanting :  stamens  inserted  on  the 
disk  :  style  2-3-cleft,  with  the  stigmas  on  the  inside  of  the  seg- 
ments :  capsule  2-4-angled,  septicidal :  valves  keeled  and  winged 
on  the  hack :  seeds  without  an  aril :  ovary  with  2-3  ovules  in  each 
cell. 

(1)   D.  BURMANNIANA.      (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  114.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  616. 

Syn.  D.  angustifolia,  Roxb.fi.  2nd.  II.  p.  256. — Ptelea  viscosa, 
furw.  Ind,  p.  36. 

j£»i0raf?.  Burm,  Zeyl.  t.  23.— Humph.  Amh.  IV.  t.  50.— Wight** 
l\\.  I.  t.  $3. 

SPEC.  CRAB.  Leaves  simple,  quite  entire,  oblong-lanceolate, 
cuneate  at  the  base,  clammy  '  sepals  ovate  :  capsules  deeply  emar- 
ginate  at  both  ends  :  wings  2-3,  broad :  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Ooromandel  and  Malabar.  Concans.  Flowering  nearly  all  the 
year. 

(2)  D.  DI02CIA.     (Eoxb.) 

J&ot     Eoxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  256.— -Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  617* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  dioecious  shrub  :  leaves  broad-lanceolate,  taper- 
Ing  towards  the  b,ase,  entire  :  racemes  axillary  and  terminal,  short, 
corymbifprm :  flowers  on  longish  pedicels  :  stigma  3-pointed :  flow* 
e^ri  small,  greenish. 

Interior  parts  of  India,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

OBDER  XXXIII.   MILLINGTONIACEJE. 

Trees :  leaves  alternate,  exstipulate,  entire  or  rarely  pinnate : 
sepals  5,  unequal,  imbricated  in  aestivation :  petals  5,  deciduou^^ 
^ter»^ing  witt  tli9)  sepals,  3  outer  ones  orbicujar,  entire,  twa 
interior  ones  smaller,  acutely  2-oleft  and  resembling  scales: 
stamens  slightly  united  to  the  petals  at  the  base,  3  sterile  ones 
opposite  the  large*  petals,  2  fertile  ones  opposite  the  bifid  pe- 
tals: anther-cells  globose,  opening  transversely:  oy,ary  ova^te, 
2-celled,  w^ji  2  superposed  ovules  in  each  cell :  st$e  simple, 
ehort  and  thick:  stigma  slightly  2Jol>e<jh  drupe  l-c$lle4i  1- 
ieeded :  seed  with  a  small  cavity  on  one  side  near  the  base ; 
albumen  none* 


16<J 

GENUS  I.    MILLINGTONIA. 
Pentantlrla  Itloiiogyiila.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  Named  after  Sir  T.  Millington,  Professor  of  Botany  at 
Oxford. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Same  as  in  the  Order.  Inflorescence  in  panicles, 
terminal,  or  axillary  near  the  extremity  of  the  branches :  flowers 
nearly  sessile,  on  short  peduncles,  arranged  along  the  horizontal 
branches  of  the  panicles. 

(1)  M.  PUNGENS.     (Wall) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  115. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  34,  35. — Wight's  Icon.  t.  964-5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree :  leaves  simple,  lanceolate,  acute  at 
the  base,  quite  entire  :  nerves  beneath  with  a  rusty  pubescence ; 
panicle  densely  covered  with  a  rusty  pubescence  :  flowers  aggregate 
on  the  ultimate  branchlets  of  the  panicle :  calyx  with  3  bracteoles : 
sepals  ciliated :  fruit  the  size  of  a  pea,  nearly  black  when  ripe  I 
flowers  white. 

Ootacamund,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(2)  M.  SIMPLICIFOLIA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  115. — Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  103. 
Enyrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  254. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  simple,  oblong-lanceolate,  quite  entire, 
glabrous  on  both  sides :  panicles  slender,  lax,  pubescent :  calyx 
riot  bracteoled :  3  outer  sepals  larger,  ciliated ;  inner  petals  cleft 
almost  to  the  base  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Madura.     Silhet.     Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 
(3)  M.  PINNATA.     (Roxl.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  104. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  abruptly  pinnate:  leaflets  elliptic-lanceo* 
late,  glabrous  on  both  sides,  serrated,  the  teeth  incurved :  panicles 
lax,  puberulous  :  sepals  unequal,  two  of  them  bracteiform  :  interior 
petals  cleft  to  near  the  middle  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(4)  M.  ARNOTTIANA.     (Wight.) 

.Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  154. 

Syn.     Sapindus  microcarpus,  W.  fy  A.  prod.  I.  p.  1 12. 
JSngrav.     Wight'i  111.  I.  t.  55. 


161 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  unequally  pinnate :  pinnae  5-7  pairs : 
leaflets  ovate,  acuminate,  pubescent  beneath,  quite  entire  :  panicles 
axillary  and,  with  the  petioles,  thickly  covered  with  rusty-coloured 
hairs :  interior  petals  cleft  nearly  half  their  length,  with  the  points 
reflexed :  filaments  furnished  \vith  2  scales  below  the  middle : 
flowers  small,  yellowish. 

Neilgherries. 


ORDER  XXXIV.    MELIACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs :  leaves  without  stipules,  alternate  or  very 
rarely  opposite,  simple  and  entire,  sometimes  pinnated :  sepals 
3-5,  distinct  or  united,  imbricated  in  aestivation :  petals  alter- 
nating with  them,  distinct  or  rarely  united  at  the  base :  aestiva- 
tion valvular  or  imbricated :  stamens  usually  as  many  as  the 
petals,  very  rarely  numerous :  filaments  united  into  a  tube  : 
anthers  sessile  within  the  tube,  or  on  its  margin,  introrse:  ovary 
single :  ovules  usually  in  pairs,  rarely  4 :  styles  and  stigmas 
combined,  very  rarely  distinct:  fruit  baccate,  drupaceous  or 
capsular,  with  several  cells :  seeds  \\it\\  or  without  an  aril,  never 
xviriged  or  flat. 

GENUS  F.     NAREGAMIA. 
Deeandria  Ulonogynia.    Set .  Syst  - 

Deriv.     The  Malabar  name  Latinized. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  small,  cup-shaped-;  5-cleft :  petals  5,  very 
long,  strap-shaped,  distinct,  free  from  the  stamen  tube  :  filaments 
united  into  a  long  tube,  inflated  and  globular  at  the  apex  :  the 
mouth  with  10  anther-bearing  crenatures :  anthers  spreading  out- 
wards, with  a  small  appendage  at  the  apex  :  ovary  3-celled  :  cells 
2-ovuled :  style  filiform :  capsule  3-cornered,  3-valved :  valves  or- 
bicular :  seeds  2  in  each  cell,  curved. 

(1)  N.  ALATA.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  1 17.— Drury's  Useful  Plants,  p.  319. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  90. — llheede  Mai.  X.  t.  22. 
.    SPEC.  CHAR.     Glabrous  shrub:   leaves  trifoliolate  :  leaflets  cu- 
neate-obovate,  quite  entire,  sessile  :  petiole  margined :  pedunclea 
axillary,  solitary :  flowers  white. 

Travancore.     Vingorla,     Flowering  in  April  and  May, 


1G2 

GENUS  TT.     MBLIA. 
Decanclrla  Hoiiogyiiia.    Sex    Syst; 

Deriv.  From  the  Greek  name  of  the  Ash,  applied  to  this  genui 
on  account  of  the  resemblance  in  the  leaves. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  with  alternate,  bipinnate  leaves :  leaflets 
In  pairs  with  an  odd  one  :  calyx  5 -partite  :  petals  5,  patent :  sta- 
men-tube with  10  anthers  in  the  throat :  ovary  5-celled  :  cells  each 
"with  2  ovules  :  style  columnar,  breaking  off  from  the  top  of  the 
ovary  :  stigma  5-lobed  :  fruit  a  drupe,  with  one  5-celled,  bony 
jvut;  cells  1-seeded. 

(1)  M.  AZEDARACH.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  117.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  621.-* 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p,  395. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  160,-— Bot.  Mag.  XXVII.  t.  1066. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  deciduous :  leaflets  about  five  together, 
obliquely  ovatc-lanceolat",  sei rated,  finely  acuminated  :  petals 
nearly  glabious  :  peduncles  axillary,  panicled  above,  many-flow- 
ered:  flowers  smallish,  white,  externally  lilac  at  the  top,  fragrant. 

Northern  India.  Concansand  the  Deccan.  Flowering  in  March, 
This  is  the  common  Bead-tree,  or  Feisian  lilac.  The  root  is  bitter 
and  nauseous,  and  is  used  in  North  America  as  anthclmintic, 

(2)  M.  COMPOSITA.     (Willd.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T,  p.  117. 

Syn.  M.  superba,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  396.— M.  robusta,  Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  397. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  shoots,  petioles  and  panicles  very  mealy  : 
leaves  2  or  3  pinnate  :  leaflets  3-7  pair,  ovate,  acuminate,  creflu- 
lated  :  calyx  and  petals  mealy  :  flowers  small,  greenish-white,  fra* 
grant. 

Concan  Hills.     Mysore.     Flowering  in  the  hot  season, 

GENUS  III.    AZADIEACHTA. 
Decamlrla  JKenog?  ilia.    Sex    Syst 

Dem.    A  name  applied  by  Avicenna  to  a  poisonous  tree, 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite  :  petals  5  :  stamen-tube  bearing 
10  anthers  in  the  throat,  shortly  10-lobed:  lobes  roflexed :  anthers 
opposite  the  lobes  and  equal  to  them :  ovary  3-celled :  ovules  9 
in  each  cell,  collateral :  style  columnar :  stigma  3-cleft ;  drape  I* 
celled,  1-seeded. 


163 

(1)  A.  INDICA.     (Ad.  de  Jus*.) 
W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  118. 

Syn.  Melia  Azadiracta,  Linn.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  622. — Roxb» 
fl*  Ind.  II.  p.  394. 

Engrav*  Wight's  Icon,  k  17. — Rhoede  Mai.  IV.  t.  52.— Burm. 
2eyl.  t.  15. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  simply  pinnated :  leaflets  unequal- 
sided,  glabrous,  serrated :  panicles  axillary  :  flowers  small,  white, 
fragrant. 

Peninsula.  Hindostan.  Assam.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 
The  bark  is  used  as  a  good  substitute  for  Peruvian  bark.  This  is 
Well*known  as  the  Neem-tree. 

GENUS  IV.     MALLEA. 
Uloiiadclpliia  Decaiitlria.     Sex    Syst  - 

t)eriv.     From  the  supposed  vernacular  name,  Malle. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed  :  petals  5  :  stamen-tube  deeply 
10-cleft,  each  division  acutely  2-cleft :  anthers  seated  inside,  be- 
tween the  segments,  eiect,  cordate  :  ovary  .5- celled  :  ovules  2  in 
£ach  cell,  collateral :  style  short,  club-shaped :  stigma  hemisphe- 
rical, 5-lobed :  fruit  with  a  fleshy  epicarp,  containing  5  one-seeded 
nuts. 

(1)  M.  ROTJIII.     (Ad.  de  Juss.) 

Ident.     XV.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  118. 

Syn.  Melia  baccifera,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  622. — Ekebergia  Indica, 
Roxb.  /.  Ind.  II.  p.  392. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  unequally  pinnated  :  leaflets  oppo- 
site, unequal-sided,  quite  entire  or  &ci  rated  above  the  middle: 
peduncles  axillary,  corymbose  or  panided  abo\e:  flowers  small, 
white. 

Poonah.     Circars.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 

GENUS  V.     MILNEA. 
JXEonadelplila  Pentandria.    Sex    Sysi  • 

fieriv.  In  honor  of  Dr.  Milne,  author  of  a  Botanical  Dictionary, 
fcnd  other  works. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs:  young  parts  covered  with  scaly 
pubescence  :  calyx  5-cleft :  petals  5,  concave,  erect :  stamens  close- 
ly combined  into  a  globose,  slightly  5-toothed  cup  :  anthers  includ^ 
ed:  ovary  2-3-celled :  ovules  1-2  in  each  cell:  style  1,  short, 
thick :  stigma  truncated :  berry  dry,  1-seeded :  seed  covered  with 
a  fleshy  aril. 


164 

(1)    M.  ROXBURGHIANA.       (W.  <J'  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  x\.  prod.  I.  p.  119. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  166. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaflets  about  2  pair  with  an  odd  one, 
elliptic-oblong,  paler  beneath  :  panicles  axillary,  longer  than  the 
leaves:  petals  elliptical:  urceolus  of  stamens  sessile:  ovary  2~ 
celled  :  berry  ovoid. 

Southern  Provinces. 

(2)   M.  EDULIS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind,  T.  p.  C37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middle-sized  tree:  leaflets  3-6  pair:  panicles 
axillary:  flowers  \\hite. 

Silhet.     The  aiil  which  surrounds  the  seed  is  eatable. 

GENUS  VI.     AMOORA. 
Moiiatle!|tliia  lB>^aR«U*ia.     SVu-.  Syst 

Deriv.     From  the  vernacular  name. 

GLN.  CHAR.  Polygamous:  cahx  3-lea\ed,  with  2  or  more 
hracteoles  in  the  female  :  petals  ,'3,  concave,  patulous  :  stamen-tube 
6-lobed  at  the  apex,  \\ith  6  nntheis  on  tlie  inside  about  the  middle :• 
anthers  included,  3-sidcd,  attached  by  the  back  :  ovary  depressed, 
^-celled,  with  hiipci  posed  ovules  in  each  cell  :  stigma  nearly  sessile, 
pyramid. il,  3-correred  :  capsule  coiiaceous,  3-celledy  3-valved  i 
5>ccds>  solitary,  with  a  fleshy  aril. 

(1)  A.  ROHITUKA.     (W.  b  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  119. 

Syn.     Andersonia  Rohituka,  Roxb.fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  213. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  unequally  pinnate:  leaflets  oppo- 
site, about  6  pair,  obliquely  oblong :  petioles  when  young,  with 
a  few  hairs  on  their  lower  part :  panicles  of  male  flowers  shorter 
than  the  leaves  :  feitile  ones  numerous,  in  solitary,  erect  spikesr 
more  than  halt  the  length  of  the  leaves  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Travancore,  flowering  in  July  and  August.  The  natives  extract 
an  oil  from  the  seeds  which  they  use  for  various  economical  pur- 
poses. 

(2)  A.  CUCULLATA.     (Roxb.) 
Jdent.     Roxb.   fl.   Ind.  II.  p.  212. 
Syn.     Andersonia  cucullata,  Roxb. 
£nyrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  258. 


165 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  opposite,  2-4  pair,  obliquely  ovate- 
Ian  ceolate :  panicles  axillary,  solitary,  drooping,  about  as  long  as 
the  leaves  :  peduncles  in  female  tree  3— 6 -flowered  :  flowers  longer 
than  the  male  :  capsule  largish :  seeds  covered  with  fleshy  bright 
orange-coloured  aril :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Soonderbunds,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 
(3)  A.  FICIFORMIS.     (R.  W.} 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  M7. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  ovate,  oblique  at  the  base  :  female  flow* 
ers  axillary  or  from  the  scars  of  the  fallen  leaves,  subsessile :  frait 
fig-shaped,  subsessile. 

Shevagherry  Mountains,  near  Courtallum. 

GENUS  VTI.     SANDOUICUM. 
Decantlria  Uloiiogyiiia.     Sex    Syst 

Deriv.     From  Sanloor,  the  Malay  name  of  the  tree. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  obtusely  5-lobcd  :  petals  5,  distinct:  sta- 
men-tube cylindrical,  10- toothed,  bearing  10,  erect,  cordate  anthers 
on  the  inside  :  disk  expanding  into  a  tube,  sheathing  the  base  of 
the  style,  torn  and  5 -toothed  at  the  apex  :  ovary  half  hid  at 
the  bottom  of  the  calyx,  with  2  collateral  ovules  in  each  cell  :  style 
columnar  :  stigma  long,  globose  at  the  base,  5-lobed  above  :  fruit 
baccate,  like  an  apple,  5 -eel led :  seeds  solitary  in  each  cell,  arillate. 

(1)  S.  INDICUM.     (Cav.) 

Ident.  W.  £  A  prod.  I.  p.  120.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  621. — Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  392. 

Syn.  Trichilia  nervosa,  VahL  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  C23. — T.  ve-r 
ftosa,  Spreng. 

Engrav.     Humph.  Amb.  I.  t.  64. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  trifoliolate  :  panicles  axillary  * 
flowers  crowded  on  the  partial  peduncles,  small,  yellow. 

Mysore,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  VIII.     WALSUKA. 
Deeandria  OTonogynia.    Sex:  Sy»<: 

Deriv.     From  Wallursi,  its  Telugu  name. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  with  usually  trifoliate  leaves  :  panidev 
stalked,  axillary  or  terminal :  calyx  5-cleft :  petals  5,  distinct  £ 
stamen-tube  deeply  1 0-cleft :  divisions  2-cleft  at  the  apex,  with*  an? 
erect  anther  on  the  inside  between  each  segment :  ovary  immersed 
in  the  fleshy  disk,  2-3-celled,  with  2  collateral  ovules  in  each  celU 


166 

Style  sliort,  club-shaped  :  stigma  2-lobed  at  the  apex  :  fruit  baccate^ 
1 -celled  :  seeds  solitary,  with  an  aril. 

(1)  W.  PISCIDIA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  120.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  388. 
&'yn.     W.  ternata,  Roxb. 
Enyrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  55. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  oblong  :  panicles  nearly  quite  glabrous  : 
flowers  small,  yellowish. 

Circars.  The  bark  is  thrown  into  ponds  to  kill  fish,  which, 
coming  to  the  surface  are  easily  taken  and  not  considered  inju-» 
riouSj  if  eaten. 

GENUS  IX.    HEYNEA. 
Decaiiclria  Moitogynla.    Ser    Syst: 

Deriv.  In  honor  of  Dr.  B.  Heyne,  a  German  Botanist  and 
traveller  in  the  East  Indies. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  with  pinnate  leaves  :  calyx  5-cleft :  petals 
6,  distinct :  stamen-tube  deeply  10-cleft:  divisions  forked  at  the 
apex,  with  an  erect  anther  between  the  segments :  ovary  covered 
by  the  disk,  2-celled,  with  2  collateral  ovules  in  each  cell :  style 
short,  club-shaped  :  stigma  2-pointed :  fruit  fleshy,  but  capsular, 
1 -celled,  2-valved  :  seed  solitary,  with  an  aril. 

(1)  H.  AFFINIS.     (Juss*) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  121. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  in  3  pairs,  obliquely  ovate,  acuminated  i 
segments  of  the  calyx  with  a  callous  tip  :  each  forked  segment  of 
the  stamen-tube,  with  a  line  of  white  hairs  on  the  back,  running 
from  the  fork  downwards. 

Peninsula* 

(2)  H.  TRIJUGA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  390.— Dec.  prod.  I*  p.  624. 

Engrav.     Bot.  Mag.  XLII.  t.  1738. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  pinnated :  leaflets  3-4  pair, 
ovate-oblong,  acuminate,  entire  :  fruit  red,  fleshy,  opening  from  the 
apex  :  cymes  axillary,  long-peduncled :  flowers  small,  white. 

Western  Ghauts,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 

(3)  H.  CONNAROIDES.     (Wight.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  148. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  unequally  pinnated :  leaflets  3-4  pa5r< 
lateral  ones  ovate,  unequal-sided,  terminal  one  oblong,  all  qtiita 


167 

entire,  glabrous  above,  pubescent  beneath  :  cymes  dichotomous, 
axillary,  elongated :  capsule  solitary,  sessile,  gibbous  at  the  base, 
ovoid. 

Peninsula. 

GENUS  X.     XYLOCARPUS. 
Oetanrtria  Uloiiogynia.    Sex:  Syst- 

Deriv.  From  Xylon,  wood,  and  Karpos,  fruit,  alluding  to  the 
hard  pericarp. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  calyx  4-cleft :  petals  4,  distinct,  reflexed: 
stamen-tube  urceolate,  8-cleft  at  the  apex  :  the  segments  bipartite : 
anthers  included,  erect :  ovary  4-furrowed,  4-cclled :  cells  1-5- 
ovuled :  style  short,  with  a  broad  concave  stigma :  fruit  spherical, 
6- 12 ^seeded  :  the  pericarp  splitting  into  4  valves:  seeds  angled, 
with  a  spongy  integument. 

X.  GRANATUM.     (Koen.) 

Ident.     W.~&  A.  prod.  T.  p.  121.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  210. 
Syn.     Carapa  Moluccensis,  Lam. 
Engrav.     Rumph.  Amb.  III.  t.  61. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  abruptly  pinnated :  leaflets  2  pair,  ellip- 
tical,  obtuse,  entire  :  flowers  small,  yellowish. 

Soonderbunds,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  XI.    MUNRONIA. 
Decamlria  Hloiiogyiiia.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.     Named  after  Lieut.  Munro,  an  Indian  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs:  calyx  5-cleft:  petals  5,  cohering  at  the 
base,  with  the  staminal  tube :  stamen-tube  funnel-shaped,  with 
10  anthers  attached  to  its  apex  and  alternate  with  its  teeth  :  ovary 
5-celled :  cells  2-ovuled  :  style  filiform  :  stigma  capitate  :  capsule 
S'-valved  :  seeds  about  5. 

(1)  M.  NEILGHERRICA.     (R.  W.) 

Ident.    Wight's  111.  I.  p.  147. 
Engrav.    Wight's  111.  I.  t.  54. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  unequally  pinnate,  congested  to- 
wards the  summit,  about  3  pair :  leaflets  ovate,  acute  :  cymes  several, 
Biliary  and  terminal:  lobes  of  the  calyx  leafy,  hairy:  flowers 
white,  very  fragrant. 

Keilgherries  and  Coorg. 


168 

(2)    M.  WALLICHH.     (R.  W.) 
Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  147. 
Syn.     Turraea  pinnata,  Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  II.  t.  119. 

Engrav.  Horsf.  pi.  II.  p.  176.  t.  138.— Hot.  Reg.  XVII.  t, 
1413. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Shrub  :  leaves  unequally  pinnate  :  leaflets  about 
3  pair,  obliquely  cordate  at  the  base  :  flowers  largish,  rose-coloured. 
Silhet. 

GENUS  XII.     DYSOXYLUM. 
Hlonaflclpliia  Decaiitlria.    Sex:  Syat 

Deriv*  From  Dusodes,  fetid,  and  Xylon,  wood,  alluding  to  the 
unpleasant  odour  of  the  wood. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  calyx  4-5-cleft :  petals  4-5  :  anthers  8-10, 
inserted  in  the  throat  of  the  toothed  stamen-tiibc  :  ovary  3-4-celled  : 
cells  2-ovulcd  :  style  filifonn,  crowned  by  the  subpeltate  stigma: 
capsule  coriaceous,  3-4-valved,  3-i-cellcd:  seed  solitary,  without 
an  aril. 

(1)  D.  MUTIJUGUM.     (Arn.) 

Jdent.     Voigt's  Ilort.  Calc.  p.  135. 

Syn.     Guarea  paniculata,  Roxb.jl.  2nd.  II.  p.  242, 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  110. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  abiuptly  pinnate  :  leaflets  6-12  pair, 
ovate-lanceolate:  panicles  axillary,  solitary,  nearly  as  long  as  the 
leaves  :  calyx  obscurely  4- toothed  :  petals  4,  recurved  :  style 
hairy:  capsule  3-4-lobed,  furrowed,  of  a  daik  orange  colour: 
flowers  numerous,  largish,  pale-yellow,  expanding  in  the  evening, 
and  dropping  the  next  morning. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  May  and  June. 

GENUS  XIII.    EPICHARIS. 
Monaclelpliia  Deeaiiclria.    Sex    Syst: 

Deriv.  A  Greek  term  for  beautiful,  alluding  to  the  elegance  of 
the  trees. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  calyx  irregularly  5-6-cleft :  petals  4,  rare- 
ly 5  :  anthers  8-10,  adnate  to  the  throat  of  a  toothed  tube:  ovary 
4-celled :  cells  2-ovuled  :  style  filiform,  crowned  by  a  capitate  stig- 
ma: capsule  coriaceous,  2-4-valved,  2-4-celled:  seed  solitary, 
usually  almost  covered  by  fleshy  aril. 


169 

(1)    E.   EXARILLATA.       (Am.) 

tdent.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  37. 

Sgn.     Guarea  binectarifera,  Roxb.  Jt.  Ind.  II.  p.  240. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  pinnate :  leaflets  4-6  pair,  taper-pointed, 
entire,  smooth  on  both  sides  :  panicles  axillary,  short,  rigid  :  cap- 
sule globose,  size  of  an  apple,  smooth,  yellow  when  ripe :  seeds 
Mke  chestnuts,  polished,  dark-purple ;  flowers  small,  yellow :  seeds 
without  an  aril, 

Near  Khandalla  and  Vingorla.  Chittagong.  Flowering  in 
August. 

GENUS  XIV.    TURR.EA. 
UToiiaflelphia  Decandria*    Sex.-  Syst: 

fieriv.  Called  after  George  Turra,  an  Italian  Botanist  and 
Author. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft:  petals  5,  very  long,  strap-shaped ; 
staminiferous  tube  10-cleft  at  the  apex,  with  the  anthers  at  the 
base  of  the  lobes,  or  inserted  between  them :  stigma  thickish :  cap- 
sules 5-celled :  cells  2-seeded. 

(I)  T.  VIRENS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  620. — Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  36. 
JEngrav.     Smith.  Icon.  I.  t.  10. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  3-4  feet :  leaves  elliptic-lanceolate,  acu- 
minate, quite  smooth :  calyx  and  fruit  covered  with  silky  hairs ; 
flowers  few,  long  and  slender,  white. 

Khandalla  and  Parr  Ghaut. 

(2)  T.  VILLOSA.     (Bennett) 

Ident.    Bennet.  pi.  Jav.  Rar. — Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  IV. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1593. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  ovate,  somewhat  acuminated,  pubescent 
above,  rusty-villous  beneath  :  teeth  of  the  staminal  tube  obsolete  : 
stigma  crowned  with  a  broadish  disk,  long-exserted. 

Travancore  Mountains. 

GENUS  XV.    NEMEDRA. 
N.  NIMMONII.    (Dal*>) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p,  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  with  pinnate  leaves :  leaflets  2-3  pair  ; 
fruit  pear-shaded,  size  of  a  plum,  indehiscent,  filled  with  white 
resinous  juice  :  racemes  axillary  :  flowers  small,  white, 

Khandalla,     Hills  near  Nagotna, 


170 


ORDER  XXXV.    CEDRELACEJG. 

Trees  with  alternate,  exstipulate,  pinnated  leaves :  calyx  4-5- 
gepalled,  or  4-5-cleft :  petals  as  many  as,  and  alternate  with, 
the  segments  of  the  calyx,  distinct,  twisted  or  convolute  in  aes- 
tivation :  stamens  twice  as  many  as  the  petals,  those  opposite- 
the  petals  shorter  than  the  others,  or  sterile  or  deficient :  fila- 
ments inserted  on  a  hypogynous  disk,  sometimes  broad  and  2- 
toothed  at  the  apex  and  united  into  a  tube,  sometimes  distirict, 
each  1-anthered  at  the  apex :  anthers  fixed  by  the  back  at  their 
base  or  middle,  introrse,  2-celled,  dehiscing  lengthwise  :  ovary 
free :  ovules  4-12,  or  more,  in  each  cell,  in  a  double  row :  style 
simple :  stigma  5-angled,  or  lobed :  fruit  woody,  capsular,  3-5- 
celled,  3~5-valved :  seeds  without  an  aril,  flat  and  winged,  im- 
bricated :  albumen  thin  and  fleshy,  or  none. 

GENUS  I.    SOYMIDA. 
JHonadelphia  Decanclria.    Sex.  Syst: 

Deriv.     The  Telugu  name  latinised. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  imbricated :  petals  5,  shortly  clawed  : 
Stamen-tube  cup-shaped :  lobes  cohering  by  their  base,  bearing 
anthers  on  the  inside  of  the  tube :  ovary  5-celled,  with  12  ovules 
in  each  cell :  style  5-angled  :  capsule  5-celled,  5-valved,  dehiscing 
from  the  apex  :  seeds  pendulous,  expanding  on  all  sides  into  a 
wing :  embryo  straight. 

(1)   S.  FEBRIFUGA.      (JuSS.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A,  prod.  I,  p.  122. 

Syn.  Swietenia  febrifuga,  Roxb*  fl.  Lid.  II.  p.  398,— Dec< 
prod.  I.  p.  625. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  17. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  abruptly  pinnate  :  leaflets  opposite, 
usually  4  pair,  oval-oblong  :  racemes  axillary,  forming  a  panicle  by 
the  abortion  of  the  upper  leaves  :  flowers  small,  greenish-white. 

Central  and  Southern  Provinces.  Guzerat.  Flowering  in  March 
and  April.  The  bark  is  a  useful  tonic  in  intermittent  fevers  when 
quinine  cannot  be  procured. 


171 

GENUS  II.     CHICKRASSIA. 
Moiiailelphia  Dccaiiclrla.    Sex:  Si/st- 

Deriv.     The  native  name  latinised. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed  :  petals  5,  erect :  stamen-tube 
10-crenated,  each  crenature  bearing  1  exserted  terminal  anther: 
ovary  oblong,  3-celled  :  ovules  numerous  in  each  cell :  stigma  ca- 
pitate, 3-lobed :  capsule  ovoid,  3-celled,  3-valved,  dehiscing  from 
the  apex  :  seeds  numerous,  expanding  downwards  into  a  wing. 

(1)    C.   TABULARIS.       (JuSS.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  123. 

Syn.     Swietenia  chickrassa,  Roxb.Jl.  Tnd.  II.  p.  399. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  50. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  abruptly  pinnated :  leaflets  5-8  pair,  ob- 
liquely ovate-oblong,  unequal-sided,  quite  entire,  hairy  in  the  axils 
of  the  nerves  beneath :  panicles  terminal,  erect :  flowers  middle- 
sized,  greenish-white. 

Cunnawady  Hills,  near  Dindinul,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 
The  wood  is  close-grained  and  elegantly  veined,  and  is  employed 
by  cabinet-makers.  It  is  commonly  known  as  Chittagong-wood* 

(2)  C.  NIMMONII.     (J.  Grah.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  38. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  tomentose  ; 
capsule  4-5-valved. 

Jungles  at  Rohe,  Western  Coast,  flowering  in  January  and  Feb- 
ruary. 

GENUS  ITI.     CHLOROXYLON. 
Kloiiadelplftia  Decaiulria.    Sex:  Syst: 

Denv.     From  Chloros,  yellow,  and  Xylon,  wood. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite  :  petals  5,  patent  :  filaments 
distinct,  awl-shaped :  anthers  versatile,  cordate:  disk  10-sinuated, 
each  sinus  bearing  a  stamen  :  ovary  3-furrowed,  3-celled  :  ovules 
8  in  each  cell,  ascending:  capsule  3-celled,  3-valved,  dehiscing  from 
the  apex  :  seeds  about  4  in  each  cell,  extending  upwards  into  a 
wing. 

(1)  C.  SWIETENIA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  123.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  625.— Dm- 
ry's  Useful  Plants,  p.  132. 

Syn.     Swietenia  chloroxylon,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  400. 
Enyrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  57.— Hoxb,  Cor,  I,  t,  64, 


172 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  abruptly  pinnate:  leaflets  10-20 
pair,  pale- coloured,  unequal-sided,  with  pellucid  dots  :  panicle  ter« 
minal :  flowers  small,  greenish-white. 

Circars  and  near  Belgaum,  flowering  in  March  and  April*  The 
tree  yields  good  oil.  The  wood  is  close-grained,  yellow,  and  a 
good  substitute  for  box- wood.  This  is  known  as  the  satin-wood 
tree. 

GENUS  IV.    CEDRELA. 
Peittantlrla  Ulonogyiila.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Cedrus,  the  cedar-tree,  alluding  to  the  aromatic 
scent  of  the  wood. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft:  petals  5,  erect:  keeled  towards 
the  base  on  the  inside :  stamens  and  pistil  on  a  common  stalk  :  disk 
5-ribbed  and  5-lobed  at  the  apex  :  filaments  inserted  on  the  disk, 
£  antheriferous  and  5  sterile  or  wanting  :  ovary  5 -celled  :  ovules 
8-12  in  each  cell :  style  5 -angled,  deciduous :  stigma  5 -rayed 
above :  capsule  5 -eel led,  5-valved  :  seeds  produced  downwards 
into  a  wing  :  albumen  fleshy  :  embryo  nearly  erect. 

(1)  C.  TOONA.     (Roxb.) 

Uent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  124.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  635.— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  624. 

En$rav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  161.— Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  238.— 
Rumph.  Amb.  III.  t.  39. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree :  leaves  abruptly  pinnate  :  leaflets  6- 
12  pair,  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated,  entire  or  slightly  toothed : 
panicles  drooping  :  petals  ciliated  :  sterile  filaments  none :  ovules 
8  in  each  cell :  capsule  oblong :  flowers  small,  whitish,  fragrant. 

Peninsula.  Foot  of  the  Himalaya.  Ravines  at  Khandalla. 
Flowering  in  May  and  June.  The  wood  forms  the  Mahogany  of 
India,  and  is  much  used  in  Bengal  for  furniture  of  all  kinds. 


ORDER  XXXVI,    VITACEJS. 

Climbing  shrubs,  or  erect  bushes:  lower  leaves  opposite, 
upper  ones  alternate,  with  racemes  opposite  them,  sometimes  by 
•abortion  changing  into  tendrils :  calyx  nearly  entire :  petals  4-5, 
valvate  in  aestivation :  stamens  4-5,  opposite  the  petals :  fila- 
ments distinct,  or  slightly  cohering  at  the  base :  anthers  ovate, 
versatile:  ovary  2~6-celled:  ovules  erect:  style  very  short: 
stigma  simple ;  disk  annular,  bearing  the  petals  on  the  outside 


173 

and  the  stamens  on  the  surface :  berry  pulpy,  often  1-celled  by 
abortion :  seeds  1-6 :  albumen  hard :  embryo  erect. 

GENUS  I.    CISSUS. 
Tetrandria  INLonogyiila.    Sex:  Syst.- 

Deriv.  From  the  Greek  word  Kissos,  ivy,  alluding  to  the  climb-- 
ing habit  of  the  plants. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  almost  entire  :  petals  4,  usually  distinct  at 
the  apex  :  ovary  4 -eel led  :  berry  1-4-seeded  :  peduncles  wholly 
either  floriferous  or  changed  into  tendrils  :  climbing  plants  with 
simple,  trifoliate  or  digitate  leaves,  and  cymes  or  corymbs  of  small, 
greenish,  yellow,  or  purplish  flowers. 

(1)  C.  INEQUALIS.    (Herb.  Heyne.) 
Jdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  125. 

Syn.    Vitis  inequalis,  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  :  stems  4 -angled  :  stipules  ear-shaped : 
leaves  ovate,  acuminated,  obliquely  truncated  at  the  base,  with 
close-pressed,  bristly  serratures,  entire  :  umbels  sessile :  fruit  the 
size  of  a  peppercorn. 

Travancore. 

(2)  C.    QUADRANGULARIS.       (Zl'n«.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p,  125.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  628.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  407. 

Syn.    Vitis  quadrangular! s,  Wall, 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  5L—  Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  41.-* 
Rumph.  Amb.  V.  t.  44.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  :  stems  4-angled  and  winged  :  stipules 
lunate :  leaves  cordate-ovate,  serrulated  :  umbels  on  short  pedun- 
cles: petals  distinct :  fruit  1-celled,  1 -seeded:  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula.     Guzerat.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(3)  C.  REPANDA.     (Fahl.) 

Ident.     Vahl.  Symb.  III.  p.  18.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  627. 
Syn.     C.  Indica,  RottL — Dec,  prod.  I.  p.  628. — Vitis  repanda, 
W.\  A.  prod.  1.  p.  125. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  parts  tomentose :  stipules  oblong :  leaves 
cordate-roundish,  shortly  acuminated,  entire,  repand- toothed,  or 
serrated,  young  ones  tomentose,  particularly  beneath :  tendriU 
none  :  umbels  compound :  petals  deciduous,  cohering  at  the  apex* 

Peninsula.     Malabar  Hill,  Bombay. 


174 

(4)    C.   V1TIGIVEA.       (ROA'I.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  406. 

Syn.     Vitis Heyneana,  Wall—  V.  pallida,  W.fy A. prod.I.p.  125. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  50. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Nearly  glabrous,  or  with  the  young  parts  slightly 
pubescent,  pale  green  :  stipules  cordate  :  leaves  broadly  cordate, 
shortly  acuminated,  entire,  with  distant  incurved  serratures  :  cymes 
on  long  peduncles  :  ultimate  branches  umbellate,  recurved  in  fruit : 
petals  distinct :  fruit  about  1-2-seeded  :  flowers  reddish. 

Peninsula.  Travancore  and  the  Peccan.  Flowering  in  the  rainy 
season. 

(5)  C.  REPENS.     (Lam.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  628. 

Syn.     Vitis  repens,  W.  $•  A.  prod.  I.  p,  125. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  48. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Glabrous :  young  shoots  glaucous  :  stipules  cor- 
date, rounded  :  leaves  cordate-ovate,  acuminated,  with  sharp,  spini- 
form  teeth  :  umbels  peduncled  :  petals  distinct :  fruit  globose, 
about  1 -seeded. 

Peninsula. 

(6)  C.  GLAUCA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Uoxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  406.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  628. 

Syn.     Vitis  glauca,  W.  fy  A.  prod.  I.  p.  126. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  shoots  very  glaucous:  stipules  broadly 
reniform,  glaucous  :  leaves  broadly  cordate,  entire  or  the  large  ones 
angled,  with  small  bristly  serratures :  cymes  compound :  petals 
distinct:  fruit  globose,  about  1 -seeded. 

Travancore.  Concans.  Peninsula.  Flowering  in  the  hot 
season. 

(7)  C.  ADNATA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  405. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  627. 

Syn.  C.  latifolia,  VahL—  Vitis  adnata,  Wall.  W.  ty  A.  prod.  L 
p.  126. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  144. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  parts  densely  pubescent;  young  shoots 
4-angled :  stipules  oval,  adnate,  with  a  flat  gland  in  their  lower 
half:  leaves  broadly  cordate,  entire,  with  bristly  serratures,  under 
side  covered  with  dense,  rusty  tomentum  :  upper,  pubescent  at  first, 
afterwards  glabrous:  petals  distinct:  fruit  1 -celled :  seeds  usually 
solitary  :  flowers  small,  green. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  May  and  June, 


(8)  C.  viTfoiNEA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  126. 

Syn.  C.  angulata,  Lam.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  629.— Vitis  Linn&i, 
Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Every  part  covered  with  dense  tomentum  :  young 
shoots  and  peduncles  compressed  :  stipules  oval :  leaves  broadly 
cordate,  either  5 -angled,  or  deeply  5-lobed,  with  the  lobes  ovate 
and  the  sinus  rounded,  closely  serrated :  inflorescence  cymose,  pe- 
duncled,  about  as  long  as  the  leaves :  pedicels  recurved  in  fruit : 
fruit  oblong,  bluish  and  glaucous. 

Peninsula. 

(9)  C.  TRILOBATA,     (Lam.) 
Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  629. 

Syn.     Vitis  Rheedii,  W.  $  A.  prod.  L  p.  127. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  45. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous :  stipules  oval :  leaves  trifoliolate,  tipper 
ones  often  deeply  3-cleft :  leaflets  distantly  toothed,  oblong-lanceo- 
late, sharply  acuminated  in  the  lower  part  of  the  stem  :  lateral  ones 
unequal-sided :  umbels  compound,  about  equal  to  the  petiole  :  pe- 
tals distinct:  fruit  globose,  1 -seeded. 

Peninsula.     Concans. 

(10)  C.  SETOSUS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  410.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  630. 
Syn.     Vitis  setosa,  Wall. — W.  fy  A.  prod.  I.  p.  127. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  170. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Clothed  with  bristly  hairs :  stem  herbaceous  : 
stipules  ovate :  leaves  succulent,  trifoliolate,  without  a  common 
petiole  :  leaflets  roundish,  ovate,  obtuse,  bristly,  serrated  :  cymes 
divaricated :  petals  distinct :  disk  4-lobed :  berries  red,  ovoid, 
hairy,  1 -seeded  :  pedicels  recurved  in  fruit. 

Peninsula.     Jooneer. 

(11)  C.  CARNOSA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  409. 

Syn.  C.  cinerea,  Lam.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  631. — C.  carnosa,  Lam. 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  630. — C*  crenata,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p .  631. — C.  obtu- 
sifolia,  Lam. — Vitis  carnosa,  Wall.  W.  ty  A.  prod.  I.  p.  127. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  171. — Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  9.— 
Rumph.  Amb.  V.  t.  166. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  parts  densely  pubescent :  older,  glabrous  : 
stem  striated :  stipules  oblong  :  leaves  trifoliolate,  long-petiokd  ; 


176 

leaflets  ovate,  crenate-serrated  t  cymes  peduncled,  compound  :  pe- 
tals distinct  :  berries  black,  2-4-seeded  :  flowers  small,  green. 

Peninsula.  Western  Coast.  Plains  of  North  India.  Flowering 
ki  the  rainy  season  » 

(12)   C.  FEMINEA.      (Roxb.) 

Ident.    Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  410.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  630. 
Syn.    Vitis  Roxburghii,  W.  fy  A.  prod.  I.  p.  127. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  :  stems  woody  :  bark  shining  :  leaves" 
trifoliolate*  occasionally  with  4-5  leaflets  and  digitate  :  leaflets 
stalked)  slightly  repand»  lateral  ones  oblong-lanceolate  :  cymes  much 
shorter  than  the  petioles,  axillary,  dichotomous  :  petals  distinct  : 
disk  4-lobed  :  fruit  globose,  2-4*seeded. 

Peninsula. 


(13)   C.  ELONOATA. 

Ident.     Roxb»  fl.  Ind.  1.  p.  411.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  032. 
Syn.    Vitis  elongata,  Wall.  W.  $  A.  prod.  I.  p.  128. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  :  young  shoots  succulent  :  stipules  cor* 
date  :  leaves  digitate  :  leaflets  5,  oblong*lanceolote,  distantly  ser* 
rated,  glabrous  on  both  sides  :  peduncles  scarcely  as  long  as  the 
petiole  :  cymes  compound  :  petals  distinct  :  fruit  black,  size  of  a 
cherry,  turbinate-globose,  1-seeded  :  flowers  purplish  -green. 

Coromandel  mountains,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 
(14)  C.  MURICATA.     (Dah.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb,  flor,  p.  40. 

Syn.     Vitis  muricata,  Wall.  W*  $•  A.  prod.  I.  p.  128* 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  8* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Unisexual  :  glabrous,  except  the  inflorescence 
^vhich  is  densely  pubescent  :  stem  woody  :  branches  with  muricated 
bark  :  leaves  petioled,  trifoliolate  :  leaflets  stalked,  somewhat  co* 
reaceous,  serrated,  oblong-acuminate,  lateral  ones  unequal-sided  : 
Umbels  axillary,  with  bracts  at  the  base,  not  so  long  as  the  petiole 
twice  compound  :  petals  distinct  :  style  very  short  and  thick  :  stigma 
large,  somewhat  lobed  :  fruit  globose,  size  of  a  large  cherry,  white 
when  ripe,  2-4»seeded  :  flowers  greenish. 

Peninsula.  Southern  Ghauts.  Canara.  Flowering  in  the  hot 
•eason. 

(15)   C.  LANCEOLARIA.      (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  412,—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  632. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  28. 


177 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Unisexual :  glabrous  except  the  inflorescence  : 
stem  woody :  branches  with  muricated  bark :  leaves  petioled,  pe- 
date  :  leaflets  5,  stalked,  oblong-lanceolate,  serrated,  outer  ones  of 
each  of  the  lateral  pairs,  unequal  -sided :  umbels  axillary,  with 
bracts  at  the  base,  not  so  long  as  the  petiole,  twice  compound  : 
petals  distinct :  stigma  somewhat  lobed  :  fruit  2-4-seeded  :  flowers 
smalJ,  pale-yellow. 

Peninsula.    Silhet.    Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(16)  C.  PEDATA.     (Lam.) 
Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  413.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  632. 

Syn.  C.  heptaphylla,  Jte**.— Vitis  pedata,  Wall.  W.  %  A.  prod. 
I.  p.  128. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  10. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  parts  softly  pubescent :  stipules  cordate, 
acute:  leaves  petioled,  pedate :  leaflets  6-11,  3-5  placed  pedately 
on  each  of  the  lateral,  secondary  petioles,  and  one  on  the  terminal, 
•talked,  oblong-lanceolate,  acuminated,  serrated :  peduncles  with 
bract  about  the  middle,  axillary  or  leaf-opposed,  half  as  long  as 
the  petioles,  with  two  divaricating  branches,  each  bearing  a  com* 
pound  cyme  :  petals  distinct :  fruit  flattened  at  the  top,  usually 
4- lobed,  and  4-seeded  :  flowers  small,  green. 

Peninsula.  Concans.  Deccan.  Monghur.  Flowering  in  the 
rainy  season. 

(17)   C,  AURICULATA.      (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  1.  p.  411. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  632. 
Syn.     Vitis  auriculata,  Wall.  W.  fr  A.  prod.  I.  p.  129. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon,  t.  145. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  shoots  succulent :  petioles  and  inflorescence 
softly  pubescent :  stipules  large,  linear-oblong,  recurved :  leaves 
Iqng-petioled,  with  5  pedate  or  digitate  leaflets :  leaflets  oblong- 
obovate  or  rhomboid,  shortly  acuminated,  serrulated,  under  side 
softly  pubescent :  peduncles  as  long  as  the  petioles,  axillary  or  ter- 
minal :  cyme  much  branched :  petals  distinct :  fruit  red,  size  of  a 
cherry,  1 -seeded:  flowers  small,  green. 

Vingorla.    Southern  Provinces.    Flowering  throughout  the  year. 

(18)  C.  ARANEOSA.     (Dal*.) 
Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  41. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing,  floccose,  except  the  upper  surface  of  the 
leaves :  leaves  pater  below,  cordate,  acute,  simple  or  trifoliate ; 
leaflets  oblong,  acute,  unequal-sided  at  the  base :  peduncles  leaf- 
opposed,  many-flowered,  cirriferous  :  fruit  spherical,  size  of  a  pea, 
1-4 -seeded. 

On  the  highest  Ghauts  west  of  Jooneer. 


173' 

(19)  C.  DISCOLOR.     (  Dalz.) 

Ident.  Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  40.  —  Hook.  Journ.  Bot.  II.  p.  39* 
SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  :  stem  and  branches  acutely  angled* 
red  :  stipules  broadly  ovate  :  leaves  petioled,  ovate  or  oblong- 
lanceolate,  acuminated,  serrated,  purple  and  shining  beneath  :  um- 
bels leaf-opposed,  twice  the  length  of  the  petiole  :  petals  cohering  ; 
berries  black  :  flowers  red. 

Concan  jungles,   flowering  in  August. 

(20)  C.  PENTAGONA.       (R0xb.) 

Jdent.     Boxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  426. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  cordate,  rarely  somewhat  lobcd,  serrulated, 
acuminated,  glabrous  :  branches  pentagonal,  with  roundish  angles 
and  furrowed  sides. 

Chittagong  forests. 

(21)  C.  SERRULATA.     (Roxl.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  432.  —  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  632. 
Syn.     Vitis  serrulata,  Wall.  —  C.  glabrata,  Blume. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  :  leaflets  5,  oblong,  serrulate  :  stem, 
glabrous. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

GENUS  IT.     VITIS. 
jpeiilaiitlria  Ulonogyiila*    Sex.  Syst 

Deriv.  From  the  Celtic  word  Gwid,  meaning  the  best  of  trees, 
Wine  comes  from  the  Celtic  word  Gwm. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs  with  simple,  lobed,  toothed,. 
rarely  compound,  leaves,  and  thyrsoid  racemes  of  flowers  :  calyx 
usually  5-toothed  :  petals  5,  distinct  or  united  at  the  apex  :  style 
•wanting  or  very  inconspicuous  :  berry  2-celled,  4-seeded  :  flower- 
bearing  peduncles  sometimes  changed  partly  into  tendrils. 


(1)    V.    LAT1FOLIA. 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  130.—  Iloxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  661, 
Syn.     V.  glabrata,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  634. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  11. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  :  leaves  simple,  roundish-cordate,  3-7* 
lobed  or  angled,  sometimes  palmate,  serrated,  young  ones  tomen- 
lose,  older  ones  glabrous  :  racemes  pubescent  :  flower-bearing  pe- 
duncles partly  cirrhiferous  :  flowers  bisexual  :  petals  distinct  :  ovary 
10-furrowed  at  the  apex  :  fruit  about  the  size  of  a  black  currant^ 
globose  :  flowers  small,  reddish-brown. 


179 

Hills  of  Coromandel,  Kheree  jungles.  Flowering  in  May  and 
June. 

(2)  V.  ER10CLADA.       (W.   $  A.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  130. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  7. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches,  peduncles  and  pedicels  covered  with 
dense  wool :  leaves  simple,  roundish-cordate,  acutely  angled  or 
lobed,  sometimes  palmate,  repand  toothed :  the  teeth  tipped  with 
a  hard  gland :  racemes  compound  :  flowers  bisexual :  petals  dis- 
tinct:  fruit  oblong. 

Peninsula.     This  is  probably  merely  a  variety  of  the  former. 

(3)  V.  TOMENTOSA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  130. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  634. 

Syn.  V.  triloba,  Do. — V.  trifida,  Do. — Ampelopsis  ternata, 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  633. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  57. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems,  petioles  and  peduncles  woolly :  leaves 
roundish-cordate,  3-5-lobed :  lobes  toothed,  occasionally  obtuse, 
tinder  side  tomentose,  upper,  pubescent  or  floccose  :  racemes  corym- 
biform  :  peduncles  cirrhiferous  :  flowers  bisexual :  petals  distinct ; 
ovary  10-furrowed  at  the  apex  :  flowers  reddish. 

Peninsula. 

(4)  V.  LANATA.     (Ro,cb.) 
Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  661.— W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  131. 

Syn.  V.  cordifolia,  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  158.— V.  Ileyneana, 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  634. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems,  petioles  and  peduncles  woolly :  leaves 
cordate-ovate,  serrated,  under  side  tomentose  with  rusty-coloured 
wool :  racemes  elongated :  flower-bearing  peduncles  often  tendril- 
led  :  flowers  bisexual :  petals  united  at  the  apex :  stamens  much 
longer  than  the  ovary:  fruit  globose,  1  -seeded :  flowers  small, 
green. 

Circars.    Assam.     Travancore.     Flowering  in  April  and  May. 
(o)  V.  INDICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  131.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  634,—. 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  660. 

Engrav.    Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  6. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches,  petioles  and  peduncles  villous :  leaves 
cordate,  toothed,  the  teeth  tipped  with  a  gland,  tomentose  below, 
floccose  above :  racemes  cylindrical,  composed  of  lateral  umbels, 
nearly  sessile,  along  the  rachis :  peduncles  tendrilled :  flowers  bi* 


180 

4exual:   petals  distinct:   fruit  globose,  1-2-seeded  :   flowers  yel» 
lowish. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 

(6)   V.  NEILGHBRRENSIS.      (R.   W.) 

Ident.    Wight's  Neilg.  Plants  I.  p.  32. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  30. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  palmately  trifoliolate,  dentate,  middle  one 
broad  oval,  acuminated,  lateral  ones  unequal-sided,  with  a  longish 
"acumination  :  cymes  terminal  :  peduncles  longer  than  the  leaves  : 
petals  distinct  ;  flowers  greenish. 

Kotegherry, 

(7)    V,  BARBATA.      (Watt.) 

Ident.    Roxb.  fl.  Tnd.  II.  p.  478. 

S*EC.  CHAR.  Leaves  cordate,  sinuately  toothed,  slightly  3-loh- 
ed  :  stem,  branches  and  petioles  covered  with  Jong  bristles  :  clusters 
disposed  in  oval  bunches,  bearing  a  dichoto'mous  tendril. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  August. 

(8)  V.  PARVIPOUA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.    Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  662. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  angled,  cordate,  3-lobed,  crenato-serrate, 
smooth:  stipules  oval:  thyrse  few-flowered:  flowers  very  small, 
green. 

Eastern  parts  of  Bengal,  flowering  in  February, 

GENUS  IH.    LEEA. 
Pentamlrl* 


Dcriv.  In  honor  of  James  Lee,  a  famous  nursery  gardener  at 
Hammersmith. 

GEN.  CHA  R.  Herbaceous,  shrubby  or  slightly  arborescent  plants  : 
tendrils  none  :  leaves  usually  pinnate  :  calyx  5  -cleft  :  petals  5, 
combined  at  the  base  :  disk  bearing  the  corolla  and  stamen-tube  j 
the  tube  combined  with  the  corolla  at  the  base,  6-lobed  :  lobes 
alternate  with  the  petals  :  filaments  adnate  to  the  outside  between 
the  lobes  :  anthers  attached  by  their  middle,  usually  cohering  at 
their  edges  :  ovary  6-celled,  with  a  solitary,  erect  ovule  in  each 
cell  :  style  and  stigma  simple  :  berry  3-6~ce]led. 

(1)  L.  ROBUSTA.    (Roxb.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  132.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  655. 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Shrub  ;  young  shoots  coarsely  pubescent  :  leave* 
2-3-piiraate  ;  leaflets  ovate-lanceolate,  lateral  ones  broadly  cordatt 


181 

ttt  the  base,  serrated,  cuspidate,  hairy  underneath  :  stipules  villoui  : 
cymes  supra-decompound,  villous  :  stamen-tube  cup-shaped:  an* 
tiers  linear-oblong  :  dowers  small,  green. 

Circars,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 


(2)    L.  INtEGRlFOLlA. 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  659.—  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  1*2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  t  leaves  super-compound  ;  lower  pair 
of  pinnae  hi  pinnate  :  leaflets  lanceolate,  acuminated,  entire,  slightly 
downy  beneath  :  corymbs  supra-decompound  :  tube  of  the  corolla, 
shorter  than  the  calyx  :  stamen-tube  cylindrical,  with  grooves  run* 
ning  down  almost  to  the  line  of  union  with  the  corolla  :  anthers  oh* 
long,  pointed. 

Circar  valleys. 

(3)  L.  STAPHYLEA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  132.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  658. 
Syn.     L.  Ottilis,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  636. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  II.  t.  26.  —  Burm.  Ind.  t.  24.  f.  2.— 
Wight's  Icon.  t.  78.  111.  I.  t.  58. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  ;  leaves  from  compound  to  super-decom* 
pound  ;  leaflets  from  oblong  with  a  short  point  to  linear-lanceolate 
with  a  long  point,  coarsely  serrated,  glabrous  :  cymes  super-decom 
pound,  the  ultimate  branches  sometimes  roughly  pubescent  :  sta- 
men-tube urceolate,  the  grooves  disappearing  above  the  line  of 
union  with  the  corolla  :  anthers  broadly  oblong  :  flowers  pale-green. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season.  Grows  also  in  Upper 
India. 

(4)  L.  MACROPHYLLA.   (Roxb.J 

Ident.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  653.—  Dalz,  Bomb.  flor.  p.  41.  — 
Drury's  Useful  Plants,  p.  285. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  1154, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  herbaceous,  erect,  jointed  :  leaves  large,  sim- 
ple, broad-cordate,  toothed,  glabrous  :  cymes  terminal,  large  :  berry 
depressed,  smooth,  black  when  ripe  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Hills  in  the  Concans,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season.  The  tube* 
rous  root,  which  is  astringent  and  mucilaginous!  is  reputed  to  be  a 
remedy  for  the  Guinea-  worm. 

(5)  L.  CRISPA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  635.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  654. 
Syn.    L.  pinnata,  Andr.  Bot.  Rep.  V.  t.  355. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  :  stems  jointed  :  leaves  pinnate  :  leaf* 
lets  oblong,  serrated:  cymes  small,  slightly  hairy,  5-flowered; 


1S2 

anthers  free  :  berries  size  of  a  small  cherry,  smooth  and  black  when 
ripe  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Silhet  and  Lower  Bengal,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 
(6)  L.  IIIRTA.     (Banks.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  656. 

SfrEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  pinnate  or  bipinnate  :  leaflets  lan- 
ceolate, serrated,  hairy  :  stems  flexuous,  jointed:  cymes  terminal* 
3-parted:  anthers  connected:  berry  black,  6-seeded,  when  dry 
'*Mobed  :  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Lower  parts  of  Bengal,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season* 


ORDER  XXXVII.    GERANIACEJE. 

Herbaceous  plants  or  shrubs  with  opposite  or  alternate  leaves^ 
in  the  latter  case  opposite  the  peduncles :  sepals  5,  persistent, 
more  or  less  unequal :  one  sometimes  spurred  at  the  base,  im- 
bricated in  aestivation :  petals  5,  unguiculate,  twisted  in  aesti- 
vation, equal  or  unequal,  hypogynous  or  perigynous :  stamens 
usually  monadelphous  at  the  base,  hypogynous,  twice  or  three 
times  as  many  as  the  petals :  ovary  5-celled,  with  2  pendulous 
ovules  in  each  cell :  styles  5,  cohering  round  the  disk :  fruit 
composed  of  five  1-cellcd,  indehiscent  carpels,  cohering  round  a 
long,  beaked  disk,  each  terminated  by  the  style  which  after 
maturity  curls  back  from  the  base  to  the  apex  carrying  the  pe- 
ricarp along  with  it :  seeds  solitary  :  albumen  none :  embryo 
curved. 

GENUS  I.     GERANIUM. 
Monaflelphia  Decantlria.    Sex:  Syst 

Deriv.  From  Geranos,  a  crane,  alluding  to  the  long  beak  which 
terminates  the  carpels. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  equal :  stamens  all  fertile,  alternate  ones 
larger:  awns  of  the  carpels  glabrous  inside,  at  length  separating 
elastically  from  the  base  to  the  apex,  and  becoming  circinately 
revolute. 

(1)  G.  AFFINE.     (W.  $•  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  133. 
Engrae.     Wight's  III.  I.  t,  50, 


183 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous,  diffuse,  procumbent,  angled, 
hairy :  leaves  5-lobed,  slightly  hairy  above,  villous  beneath  :  lobes 
cuneate-ovate,  bluntly  toothed  :  stipules  lanceolate,  acuminate, 
ciliated :  peduncles  much  longer  than  the  leaves,  2-flowered :  se- 
pals 3-nerved,  with  a  longish  macro  :  petals  entire,  obovate,  nearly 
twice  as  long  as  the  calyx:  stamens  subulate,  broad  at  the  base, 
distinct,  in  a  double  series :  pistil  villous :  carpels  hairy :  flowers 
yellow. 

Hills  of  the  Peninsula. 

GENUS  II.     M0NSONIA. 
Polyadelpliia  Honogynla.    Sex    Syst . 

Deriv.  In  honor  of  Lady  Anne  Monson,  who  took  many  cu» 
rious  plants  to  England  from  India. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  equal,  with  an  armed  mucro  at  the  apex 
of  each:  petals  equal,  twice  the  size  of  the  calyx:  stamens  15, 
arranged  in  five  bundles,  containing  3  anthers  each. 

(1)  M.  SENEGALENSIS.     (Guill.  and  Per r.) 

Ident.  Guill.  and  Perr.  tent.  fl.  Scnegamb.  I.  p.  131.— -Dalz. 
JJomb.  flor.  p.  41. 

Syn.     Erodium  chumbulense,  Mun. — M.  Lawiana,  Stocks. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1074. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  .Annual;  leaves  ovate-cordate,  acute  or  lanceo- 
late, remotely  toothed,  pubescent  and  villous,  long-petioled  :  stipules 
villous:  peduncles  solitary,  1-flowered,  with  2  bracteas  at  the  base  : 
corolla  and  calyx  about  equal :  fruit  often  longer  than  the  whole 
plant :  flowers  pink. 

Pry  pastures  in  the  Deccan.     Chumbul,  near  Agra. 


ORDER  XXXVIII.    LINACEJE. 

Annual  or  perennial  plants,  with  entire,  alternate,  exstipulate 
leaves,  occasionally  biglandular  at  the  base :  sepals  4-5,  per-' 
sistent,  imbricated :  petals  hypogynous,  4-5,  unguiculate,  twist- 
ed in  aestivation :  stamens  hypogynous,  distinct,  equal  in  num- 
ber to  the  petals,  and  alternate  with  them,  united  at  the  base 
into  an  annular  disk,  from  which  arise  small  teeth  or  abortive 
stamens:  anthers  ovate,  erect:  ovary  with  as  many  cells  as 
stamens :  styles  3-5 :  stigmas  capitate :  capsule  generally  sur- 
mounted with  the  hard  base  of  the  styles,  many-celled ;  each 


184 

cell  dehiscing  with  2  valves  at  the  apex :  seeds  solitary,  com- 
pressed, pendulous :  albumen  thin,  fleshy  or  wanting :  embryo 
straight. 

GENUS  I.    LINUM. 
Pentandrla  Pentagynla.    Sex  -  Sy*t  .• 

Deriv.  From  the  Celtic  word  Llin,  a  thread,  whence  the  Greek 
Linon,  and  Latin  Linum. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  distinct,  entire  or  serrated:  petals  5 : 
styles  distinct  from  the  base,  or  combined  to  the  middle  or  apex. 

(1)  L.  MVSORENSE.     (Heyne.) 

Uent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  134. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Til.  I.  t.  60. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous,  erect :  leaves  oblong,  tapering  to  the 
base :  sepals  ovate,  somewhat  acute :  petals  scarcely  longer  than 
the  calyx  :  styles  connate  at  the  base  :  capsule  acutely  mucronate  : 
flowers  corymbose,  terminal,  yellow. 

Mysore.     Neilgherries.    Khandalla. 

(2)  L.  XRIGYNUM.     (JRoxb.) 

Uent.  Iloxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  110,— W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  134.— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  425. 

Syn.     Reinwardtia  trigyna,  Planch.—Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  16. 
Engrav.     Sims.  Bot.  Mag.  t.  1100. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  shrub  :  leaves  elliptical,  pointed,  serru- 
lated :  sepals  lanceolate  :  petals  obovate,  with  2  small  teeth  at  the 
top  of  the  claws  :  styles  3,  distinct :  capsule  globular,  obtuse  :  pe- 
duncles solitary,  bracteated  at  the  base  :  flowers  large,  yellow. 

Mountains  of  the  Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  cold  season.  It  is 
commonly  cultivated  in  gardens,  being  a  very  ornamental  plant. 

(3)  L.  USITATISSIMUM.    (Linn.) 

Idcnt.  W.  &A.  prod.  I.  p.  134.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  426.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  110.— Drury's  Useful  Plants,  p,  286. 

Engrav.     Eng.  Bot.  XIX.  t.  1357. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect,  glabrous  annual :  leaves  lanceolate, 
acute :  sepals  ovate,  with  membranaceous  margins,  3 -nerved :  pa- 
nicles terminal,  corymbose :  petals  slightly  crenated,  much  larger 
than  the  calyx  :  flowers  blue. 

Neilgherries,  flowering  in  the  cold  season.  This  is  the  common* 
flax  plant.  It  is  much  cultivated  in  Northern  India  for  the  seeds 
from  which  the  natives  extract  the  oil.  The  unripe  capsules  are 
eaten  by  the  natives. 


185 

ORDER  XXXIX.    BALSAMACEJE. 

Succulent  herbaceous  plants:  leaves  opposite  or  alternate* 
flowers  axillary:  sepals  5,  deciduous,  the  two  inner  or  upper 
ones  usually  connate,  the  lowest,  spurred :  aestivation  imbricat- 
ed :  petals  hypogynous,  usually  4,  and  united  by  pairs,  rarely  5, 
and  distinct:  stamens  hypogynous:  anthers  2-celled:  ovary 
solitary,  5-eelled :  ovules  numerous,  rarely  few:  stigmas  5, 
sessile,  distinct  or  united :  capsule  5-celled,  5-valved,  bursting 
ekstically,  or  a  5-celled  drupe  :  seeds  several :  albumen  none : 
embryo  straight. 

GENUS  I.     TMPATIENS. 
Peiitandria  Monogynla.    Se*>  Syst- 

»    Deriv.     So  called  in  allusion  to  the  elastic  force  with  which  the 
capsules  burst. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Sepals  5,  but  apparently  only  4,  the  two  upper 
ones  being  united  :  petals  4,  but  apparently  only  2,  the  lower  ones 
being  united  to  the  lateral  ones  :  filaments  more  or  leas  united  at 
the  apex :  anthers  opening  -lengthwise  or  transversely  i  capsule 
often  1-celled  by  the  disappearance  of  the  dissepiments. 

Note.  In  following  the  specific  descriptions  given  in  Wight  and 
Arnott's  Prodromus  (See  Vol.  I.  p.  135)  the  pair  of  combined  sepals 
is  called  a  posterior  sepal,  and  each  pair  of  combined  petals,  a 
single  2-lobed  petal. 

Section  I.  Leaves  alternate  :  pedicels  axillary,  solitary  or  se\  e«» 
ral  together,  1 -flowered. 

(1)  L  BALSAMINA.    (Linn.) 

Ident.    W,  &  A,  prod.  I,  p.  135.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind<  I.  p.  651. 

Syn.  Balsamina  hortensis,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  685. — I.  coccinea, 
Sim's  in  3ot.  Mag. — B.  cornuta,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  686. — B.  cocci* 
nea,  Do.  p.  685. 

Engrav.  Humph.  Amb.  V.  t.  90. — Rheede  Mai,  IX.  t.  52.— 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  1256.— Burra.  ZeyL  t*  16.  f.  1* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect ;  young  shoots  hairy :  leaves 
glabrous,  acutely  and  often  deeply  serrated  :  petioles  pubescent  or 
hairy,  with  glands :  pedicels  1-2,  or  more,  aggregate,  densely  pu- 
bescent, much  shorter  than  the  leaves :  lateral  sepals  minute,  Ian** 
ceolate,  anterior  one  pubescent,  infundibuliform,  with  a  slender 
apur,  longer  or  shorter  than  the  flower ;  capsule  oVatc,  tomentow 


186 

and  hairy  with  rigid,  yellow  bristles :  flowers  large,  scarlet,  crimson, 
purple  or  white,  variegated. 

Coromandel.  Bombay.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year.  I. 
arcuata,  (Wall.)  is  probably  only  a  variety  of  the  above. 

(2)  I.  LESCHENAULTII.     (Wall.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  136. 

Syn.     Balsamina  Leschenaultii,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  686. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  970.— Spicil.  t.  42. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  branched,  almost  glabrous :  leaves  short- 
petioled,  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated,  glabrous,  with  bristly  in- 
curved scrratures  :  petioles  without  glands  :  pedicels  solitary, 
shorter  than  the  leaves  :  lateral  sepals  minute  :  spur  slender,  curv- 
ed upwards :  capsule  small,  drooping,  glabrous,  ovate,  pointed : 
flowers  pale  rose-colour,  or  nearly  white. 

Common  on  the  Neilgherries. 

(3)  I.  SCABRIUSCULA.     (ffeync.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  136.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall.) 
II.  p.  464. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  V  Tct,  branched,  tomentose  ;  the  leaves  cuspidate- 
serrated,  upper  side  slightly  pubescent,  under,  hairy  :  pedicels  ag- 
gregate, pubescent,  much  shorter  than  the  leaves :  upper  and  lower 
sepals  covered  with  rusty  pubescence ;  lower  one  gibbous,  without 

a  spur. 

Peninsula.     South  Concans. 

(4)  I.  PENDULA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  136. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  branched ;  branches  with  a  line  of  hairt 
decurrent  from  the  sides  of  the  base  of  the  petioles:  leaves  round* 
ish-oval,  remotely  bristle-serrated,  upper  side  slightly  hairy,  under 
glaucous:  pedicels  axillary,  usually  solitary,  longer  than  the  pe- 
tioles, hairy,  deflexed  in  fruit :  flowers  small,  glabrous,  without 
spurs :  capsule  small,  ventricose. 

Peninsula. 

(5)  I.  MYSORENSIS.     (Roth.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  137.— Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  164. 

Syn.     Balsamina  Mysorensis,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  686. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  simple,  erect :  leaves  lanceolate,  acumr- 
natcjj,  glabrous  :  pedicels  axillary,  filiform,  in  pairs,  about  half  the 
length  of  the  leaves  :  flowers  small,  longer  than  the  straight  spur: 
capsule  densely  pubescent,  few-seeded  :  flowers  red, 

Mysore, 


187 

Section  II.     Leave*  alternate  :  peduncles  with  several  flowers. 
(6)  I.  UMBELLATA.     (Heyne). 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  137.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall.) 
II.  p.  464. 

Engrav.     Wight*s  Icon.  t.  745. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect :  leaves  crowded  towards  the  summit  of  the 
stem,  obovate,  obtuse,  remotely  crenate,  upper  side  slightly  hairy, 
glaucous  beneath  :  peduncles  about  as  long  as  the  leaves,  with  4-5, 
shortly  pedicellate  flowers  near  the  apex :  flowers  large,  with  a 
long  curved  spur. 

Courtalluui,  in  moist  jungles,  flowering  in  August  and  Sep- 
tember. 

(7)  I.  GRANDIS.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  137.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall.) 
II.  p.  464. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect :  nearly  glabrous  :  leaves  on  long  glandu- 
liferous  petioles,  broadly  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated,  with  incurv- 
(  '«,  hristle-serratures  :  peduncles  shorter  than  the  leaves,  3-4-flow- 
eicd  :  flowers  large,  with  a  very  long,  tapering,  conical  spur. 

Peninsula. 

(8)  T.  FRUTICOSA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  687.— W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  137. 

Syn.     Balsamina  fruticosa,  Lesch. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  966. — Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  branched  :  stems  glabrous  :  leaves  lon£- 
petioled,  upper  side  hairy,  under,  tomentose  :  petioles  villous,  with 
glands  :  peduncles  glabrous,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  dividing  into 
several  long,  1 -flowered  pedicels  :  lateral  sepals  concave,  roundish- 
ovate,  acuminated  :  filaments  united  at  the  apex  :  capsule  glabrous, 
tapering  at  both  ends  :  flowers  rose-coloured,  shorter  than  the  spur. 

Kotagherry  and  Coonoor,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(9)  I.  SCAPIFLORA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  137.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall.) 
II.  p.  464. 

Syn.     I.  bulbosa,  Moon.  Cat.  Ceyl.  pi.  p.  18. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  967. — Spicil.  I.  t.  38. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  :  root  tuberous  ;  leaves  radical,  orbicu- 
lar, deeply  sinuate-cordate  :  the  lobes  overlapping,  under  side  paler, 
with  the  nerves  coloured:- scape  bearing  a  many-flowered  raceme, 
bracteated  :  pedicels  alternate,  solitary  from  each  bractea  and  be- 
coming deflexed  in  fruit :  lateral  sepalb  ovate,  small :  spur  some- 


18ft 

times  tumid,  sometimes  much  elongated  :  petals  2-lobed  :  posterior 
lobe  small :  anterior  elongated,  and  projecting  forward :  flowers 
white. 

Common  on  the  Neilgherries,  especially  about  Dodabet,  flow* 
ering  from  July  to  October. 

Section  III.  Leaves  opposite:  pedicels  axillary,  solitary  or 
aggregate,  1 -flowered, 

(10)  I.  LATIFOLTA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  138, 

Syn.     Balsamina  latifolia,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  686. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  48, 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Erect,  glabrous  or  slightly  hairy  on  the  younger 
parts  :  leaves  oval^  acuminated  at  both  ends,  crenate-serrated, 
upper  ones  opposite,  lower  often  alternate  :  pedicels  usually  solitary, 
shorter  than  the  petiole  :  lateral  sepals  much  smaller  than  the  others, 
posterior  ones  petaloid,  larger  than  the  petals :  spur  about  the1 
length  of  the  flower :  petals  deeply  2^-lobed,  the  anterior  the  larg- 
est: capsule  oval,  tomentose  and  hairy* 

Peninsula, 

(11)  I.  FASCICULATA.     (Lam.) 

Ident.     Lam.  Enc.  Meth.  I.  p.  359.— W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  138. 

Syn.  I.  heterophylla,  Roxb.fi.  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall.)  II.  p.  458.— 
Balsamina  fascjculataj  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  686. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon,  t.  748.— Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  47. 

SPEC".  CHAR.  Erect,  glabrous  :  leaves  almost  sessile,  from  nar- 
row linear  to  lanceolate,  serrated,  upper  side  somewhat  hispid,  under 
glabrous,  whitish,  with  coloured  nerves  :  pedicels  usually  in  pairs* 
elongated  :  sepals  all  with  a  callous  point,  lateral  ones  linear,  falcate, 
posterior  roundish-ovate  :  lobes  of  the  petals  semiobovate,  anterior 
one  larger :  spur  as  long  as  the  pedicel :  capsule  oblong,  a  little 
ventricose,  tapering  at  both  ends  :  flowers  large,  showy,,  pink. 

Malabar  Coast.     Neilgherries,  at  8000  feet. 

(12)  J.  RVFESCENS,     (Benth.) 

Jdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  138. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  50. — Wight's  Icon.  t.  969.-*? 
Bpicil.  1. 1.  40, 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Erect,  branched :  stems  jointed  :  leaves  shortly 
petioled,  from  elliptic  to  obovate,  sharply  serrated,  upper  side  his- 
pid with  hairs,  under  whitish,  glabrous,  except  the  nerves  which 
are  hairy  :  pedicels  solitary  or  in  pairs,  villous,  about  as  long  a4 
the  leaves  :  posterior  sepals  much  smaller  than  the  petals,  anterior 
paccate,  without  a  spur :  anterior  lobes  of  the  petals  oblong,  pra« 


I89i 

truding,  much  longer  than  the  short  round  posterior  one :  capsule 
oval,  glabrous  :  flowers  rose-coloured. 

Frequent  in  swampy  grounds  and  marshy  sides  of  small  stteabi 
on  the  Neilgherries,  flowering  chiefly  in  the  rainy  season. 

(13)  I.  DIVERSIFOLIA.      (Wall.) 

fdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  139, 
Syn.     I.  Malabarica,  Klein, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse,  rooting  at  the  joints  :  leaves  from  nar- 
row linear  to  ovate,  acutely  serrated,  glabrous:  pedicels  solitary, 
or  several  together,  longer  than  the  leaves,  filiform  :  lateral  sepals 
linear-lanceolate,  half  the  length  of  the  corolla,  anterior  ovate, 
acuminated,  with  a  filiform  spur  nearly  as  long  as  the  flower :  pos- 
terior larger  than  the  small  posterior  lobes  of  the  petals,  but  much 
smaller  than  the  large  anterior  ones:  capsule  oblong,  glabrous.  , 

Malabar.     Peninsula. 

(14)  I.  TOMENTOSA.     ( Heyne.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  130. 

Syn.     I.  ramosissima,  Dalz.  in  Hook,  Jour.  Bot.  III.  ^>.  230. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  749. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  glabrous  :  leaves  sessile  or  short-petioled, 
oblong-lanceolate,  acutely  serrated,  slightly  hispid  above,  pale  and 
glabrous  beneath:  pedicels  axillary,  solitary  or  twin,  pubescent: 
anterior  sepal  cucullate,  with  a  short  spur  inflated  at  the  point : 
capsule  oblong,  glabrous. 

In  marshy  places  on  the  Neilgherries,  Pulney  Hills  and  Mysore, 
flowering  in  August  and  September.  Also  found  on  the  Phoouda 
Ghaut. 

(15)  I.  OPPOSITIFOLIA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod*  I.  p.  139. 

Syn.  I.  rosmarinifolia,  Retz. — Balsamina  oppositifolia,  Dec. 
prod.  I.  p.  686. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t.  883. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches  diffuse :  leaves  from  narrow  linear-lan- 
ceolate to  broad  obovate-lanceolate,  acute,  membranaceous,  slightly 
serrated  :  serratures  bristly  :  pedicels  axillary,  solitary  or- twin,  not 
half  the  length,  of  the  leaves,  very  slender :  lower  sepal  cucullate, 
with  a  very  short,  conical,  nearly  straight  spur:  capsule  glabrous, 
narrow,  tapering  at  both  ends,  with  about  2  seeds  towards  the  mid* 
die,  and  a  constriction  between  them. 

Malabar  and  Concans,  flowering  in  July.     Courtallum, 


1*0 

(16)  I.  INCONSPICUA.     (Btnth.) 

Idtnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  139. 

Syn.     I.  pusilla,  Heyne. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  970.—  Spicil.  t.  41, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branched,  glabrous  :  leaves  nearly  sessile,  from 
oval  to  linear-lanceolate;  serrated,  under  side  pale  :  pedicels  solitary 
or  several,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  pubescent  :  sepals  linear:  .lower 
one  gibbous,  without  a  spur  :  capsule  oval,  glabrous  :  flowers 
whitish,  tinged  with  purple  at  the  base. 

Rocky  exposed  places  on  the  Neilgherries,  flowering  in  Novem- 
ber. It  is  a  very  inconspicuous  and  variable  plant, 


(17)  I.  KUEJNIJ.     ( 

Idtnt.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  140. 

Syn.     Balsamina  minor,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  686. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  884.  —  Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  51. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  with  spreading  branches  :  leaves  from  oho* 
vate  and  obtuse  to  lanceolate  and  acute,  with  a  large  gland  on  each 
side  near  the  petiole,  upper  side  hairy  on  the  veins,  glaucous  be* 
neath  :  pedicels  solitary  or  twin,  reflexed  in  fruit  :  lateral  sepals 
linear,  posterior  one  hairy  concave,  lower  one  with  a  slender  spur 
nearly  twice  the  length  of  the  flower  :  capsule  narrow-oblong,  ta- 
pering at  both  ends. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  rains, 

(18)  I.  TIVILLA.     (Hiyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  140. 

SPIC.  CHAR.  Erect  :  leaves  lanceolate,  remotely  bristle-ser- 
rated :  young  leaves  hairy  above,  glaucous  underneath  :  pedicels 
solitary  or  twin,  pubescent  on  one  side,  horizontal  in  fruit  :  flowers 
small,  longer  than  the  straight  conical  spur  :  capsules  oval,  point- 
•d. 

Peninsula. 


(19)  I.  miFOftiiii.    (W. 

Idint.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  140.  , 

Syn.     I.  Mysorensis,  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Slender,  erect,  much  branched  :  leaves  approxi- 
mated towards  the  top  of  the  branches,  linear-lanceolate,  glabrous  : 
pedicels  solitary  in  the  upper  axils,  shorter  than  the  leaves  :  lower 
sepal  saccate,  without  a  spur  :  capsule  glabrous,  ovate,  pointed  at 
both  ends  :  seeds  oval,  shining  black  :  flowers  small, 

Peni&nulu, 


191 

(20)  I.  ACAUUS.     (^r»,) 

fdi*t.  Hook.  Comp.  Bot.  Mag.  I.  p.  325.-— Dali.  Bomb.  flor. 
p.  42. 

JSngrav.     Hook.  Bot.  Mag.  t.  3587. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  smooth,  orbicular  or  oblong,  rounded  or 
cordate  at  the  base :  bracts  ovate,  acute :  pedicels  elongated  :  sepals 
•mall,  ovate,  obtuse :  spur  very  slender,  elongated. 

Western  Ghauts. 

(21)  I.  miYAUi.     (R.  W.) 

/<****.    Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 

Engra*.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  751. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  :  root  tuberous  :  leaves  radical,  ovate- 
oblong,  somewhat  oblique  at  the  base,  serrated)  hairy  above,  pale 
and  glabrous  beneath :  scape  racemose,  many-flowered :  {lowers 
large,  long-pedicellcd,  drooping:  upper  sepal  obtuse,  gibbous,  la* 
teral  ones  minute,  lower  ovate,  ending  in  a  long,  slender,  curved 
spur,  twice  the  length  of  the  petals :  capsule  glabrous  :  seeds 
hispid. 

Western  Ghauts.  Courtallum.  Flowering  in  August  amd  Sep- 
tember. 

(22)  I.  STOCKSH.    (Hook.) 

Ident.  Hook.  &  Thorns,  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  119.— 
Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p,  42. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  and  quite  smooth  :  leaves  broadly  ovate, 
ttiembranaceous  :  bracts  ovate,  acute  :  sepals  broadly  ovate,  obtuse ; 
lip  saccate  at  the  base,  without  a  spur  :  wings  3-lobed. 

Southern  Ghauts. 

(23)  I.  LAWII.    (Hook.) 

Ident.  Hook.  &  Thorns.  1.  c.  p.  122. — Dalz.  Bomb.  flor. 
p.  43. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  erect,  branched,  quite  smooth :  leave* 
shortly  oblong,  obtuse  at  the  base,  sessile,  the  upper  ones  smaller, 
cordate,  stem-clasping,  remotely  serrated,  roughish  above  :  pedicels 
short:  sepals  linear,  falcate  :  vex  ilium  orbicular:  lip  small,  without 
a  spur. 

South  Concans. 

(24)  I.  DALZELLII.     (Hook.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  43. — Hook.  &  Thorns.  1.  e. 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Smooth,  branched :  leaves  ovate  or  oblong-Ian- 
etolate,  cordate  at  the  base,   acuminate,  bristly -serrulate,  slightly 


192 

hairy  above,  pale  beneath :  sepals  linear-lanceolate,  acuminate  :  lip 
saccate,  with  a  short  spur :  vexillura  broadly  cucullate,  winged  on 
the  back  :  flowers  middling-sized,  yeliow. 

South  Concans. 

(25)  I.  PULCHERRIMA.      ( Dak.) 

Ident.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  37. — Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  44. 
Engrav.     Hook.  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4615, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  glabrous :  leaves  alternate,  long-petioled, 
ovate-acuminate,  cren ate- serrated,  roughish  above,  glaucous  and 
smooth  beneath  :  petioles  glandular  towards  the  apex  :  pedijcels^x- 
illary,  2-3  together,  1 -flowered,  half  the  length  of  the  leaf:  petals 
cleft  to  near  the  base  :  fruit-bearing  pedicels  erect,  drooping  at  the 
spex  :  spur  filiform,  2  inches  long  :  flowers  large,  rose-»coloured. 

Shady  jungles  in  the  Warree  country,  flowering  in  August. 

(26)  I.   DASYSPERMA.       (R.    W.) 

Ident.     Wight  in  Madr.  Jour.  Sc, —Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  742. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect,  not  branched :  leaves  alter- 
nate, ovate-lanceolate,  acute,  hairy  above,  glabrous  beneath,  cref- 
nate-serrated  :  petioles  glanduliferous  :  pedicels  axillary,  solitary  or 
twin,  scarcely  half  as  long  as  the  leaves :  upper  sepal  obcordate, 
roneate,  'cuspidate  ;  lateral  ones  minute  :  lobes  of  the  petal's  nearly 
equal:  spur  slender,  curved,  hairy :  capsule  glabrous,  many-seed- 
ed :,  seeds  hairy  :  flowers  small. 

Courtallum  in  dense  jungles,  flowering  in  August  and  Sep- 
tember. 

(27)  I.  ALBIDA.     (R.  W.) 
Ident.     Wight's  Iton.  vol.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  743. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  erect :  branches  marked  with  the 
scars  of  fallen  leaves  :  leaves  ovate-lanceolate,  pointed,  slightly  ser- 
rated, tomentose :  pedicels  solitary,  as  long  as  the  leaves :  upper 
jepal  broadly  emarginate,  villous  above,  lower  one  tomentose  : 
lateral  sepals  cordate,  acuminated :  petals  deeply  2-lobed,  upper 
lobes  larger :  spur  slender,  curved,  nearly  twice  the  length  of  the 
flowers  :  ovary  hairy  :  flowers  pure  white. 

Courtallum  at  3000  feet,  in  rocky  places*     Putney  Hills. 

(28)   I.  CAMPANULATA.       (R.    W.) 

Ident.     Madr.  Jour.  Sc. — Wight's  Icon.  vol.  111. 
v,     Wight's  Icon.  t.  744. 


193 

Srtec.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect,  sparingly  branched,  glabrous  * 
leaves  alternate,  long-petioled,  broadly  ovate-lanceolate,  acute, 
bristly-serrated,  glaucous  beneath,  with  prominent  veins :  pedun- 
cles axillary,  erect,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  3-flowered :  upper 
sepal  keeled  above,  lower  ventricose,  with  a  short  incurved  spur* 
lateral  ones  large  :  upper  lobes  of  the  petals  mucronate,  lower  ones 
larger  than  the  upper  sepal :  capsule  ovate,  glabrous  :  seeds  echi- 
fiate  :  flowers  cream-coloured,  speckled  with  purple. 

Moist  woods  on  the  Pulney  Hills,  at  upwards  of  5000  feet. 
(29)  I.  VISCIDA.     (R.  W.) 

Idenl*     Maclr.  Jour.  Sc. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  746. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse,  rooting  at  the  lower  joints,  afterwards 
erect :  stem  angled,  slightly  hairy :  leaves  alternate,  long-petioled  * 
ovate,  serrated  :  veins  hairy :  peduncles  axillary,  erect,  viscid, 
2-4-floWered,  usually  shorter  than  the  leaf :  sepals  nearly  equal, 
lower  long-spurred,  nearly  twice  the  length  of  the  flowers :  late- 
ral ones  ovate-cordate :  upper  petal-lobes  larger  than  the  sepals  : 
capsule  glabrous:  seeds  pendulous,  hairy:  flowers  large,  light- 
purplish  or  deep-pink. 

Pulney  Hills  at  upwards  of  5000  feet  in  wet,  marshy  ground. 
(30)  I.  UNCINATA.     ( R,  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  III. 

fingrat.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  747. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect  :  leaves  ovate,  acuminated, 
serrated,  hairy  on  the  veins  above,  glabrous  beneath  :  petioles  with 
glands  at  the  apex  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  4-8-flowered  , 
lateral  sepals  about  half  the  length  of  the  upper  one,  lower  campa- 
nulate :  spur  shorter  than  the  flower,  hooked  at  the  point .  lower 
lobes  of  the  petals  larger  than  the  upper  ones  :  capsule  beaked 
above,  few-seeded. 

Courtallum,  in  dense  forests,  flowering  in  August  and  September, 

(31)   I.  CUSPIDATA.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  III.— Comp.  Bot.  Mag.  I.  p.  221. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  741. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  glabrous,  sparingly  branched :  leaves  al- 
ternate, membranaceous,  oblong-lanceolate,  tapering  at  both  ends, 
serrated,  slightly  hairy  on  the  nerves  beneath :  pedicels  axillary, 
shorter  than  the  leaves,  solitary  or  twin,  erect  in  fruit  :  lateral 
sepals  small,  subulate,  upper  one  deeply  obcordatc,  furnished  on 
the  back  with  a  horn-like  appendage,  lower  one  cuspidate  at  the 
apex,  terminating  in  a  long,  straight  spur,  gibbous  at  the  point ; 


IU4 

upper  lobes  of  the  petals  slightly  bifid  :  lower  veitical,  cuspidate  ! 
capsule  glabrous,  oblong. 

Neilgherries,  in  moist  woods  near  Kotagherry. 

(32)  I.  GARDNERIANA.     ( R.  W.) 

Idenl.     Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  III. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1050.— Spicil.  I.  t.  42. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Nearly  glabrous,  at  first  procumbent,  afterward:* 
ascending,  rooting  at  the  joints  :  leaves  verticelled  in  threes,  ovate- 
lanceolate,  acutely  serrated :  pedicels  solitary,  longer  than  the 
leaves :  lateral  sepals  shorter  than  the  petals,  anterior  one  with  a 
filiform  spur  as  long  as  the  flower,  slightly  gibbous  at  the  point, 
posterior  about  the  length  of  the  posterior  lobes  of  the  petals  :  the 
upper  lobes  of  the  petals  shorter  than  the  larger  anterior  ones  : 
capsule  oblong,  pointed,  glabrous:  flowers  pink. 

Western  slopes  of  the  Neilgherries,  in  moist  pastures,  flowering  in 
January  and  February. 

(33)  I.  GOUGIIII.     (R.  Ur.) 

Went.     Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  IV. 
fingrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1603. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  branched,  glabrous  :  leaves  ovate,  serrafed, 
aggregated  towards  the  ends  of  the  branches  :  peduncles  axillary, 
unibellately  4-6-flowered,  longer  than  the  leaves,  viscid  :  lateral 
sepals  subulate,  upper  one  obcordate,  mucronate,  lower  one  much 
shorter  than  the  petals,  acute,  furnished  with  a  short,  conical  spur  * 
anterior  lobes  of  the  petals  the  largest :  flowers  small,  pale  rose- 
colour. 

Pycarrah,  Neilgherries,  in  moist  shady  places  on  the  right  bank 
of  the  river. 

(34)    I.  JjbRDONII.       (R,    W.) 

Idcnl.     Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  IV. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  l()02. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Diffuse,  somewhat  piocumbent :  floriferous  branch- 
lets  ascending,  glabrous :  leaves  ovate,  acute,  bristle-serrated :  pe- 
duncles axillary,  erect,  2-3-flowered :  pedicels  longer  than  the 
peduncle  and  leaves :  lateral  sepals  lanceolate,  anterior  or  spurred 
one  saccate,  ventiicose,  contracted  at  the  apex  into  a  spur-like 
noint:  petals  deeply  2-lobed,  anterior  lobe  larger  :  posterior  petal 
helmet-shaped,  mucronate  :  flowers  yellow  and  green,  lower  sepal 
d<tik-rcd. 

On  trees  and  moist  rocks  on  the  Sisparah  Ghaut,  Neilghcrries, 


195 

(35)    I.  MODESTA.       (R. 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  III. 

Engiav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  968. — Spicil.  I.  t.  39. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  few,  radical,  broadly  cordate-ovate,  hairy 
above,  glabrous  and  glaucous  beneath  :  scape  erect,  racemose, 
many-flowered  :  pedicels  longish,  from  the  axil  of  a  small,  subu- 
late, bract :  upper  sepal  broadly  obovate,  lateral  ones  narrow-lan- 
ceolate, incumbent  on  the  upper ;  lower  shorter  than  the  petals, 
with  a  short  obtuse  spur :  petals  declining,  3-lobed,  upper  one 
entire,  lower  2-cleft,  hairy  near  the  attachment  :  capsule  glabrous, 
ovate  :  flowers  pale  rose-colour. 

Moist  woods  about  Pycarrah,  Neilgherries,  flowering  in  July  and 
August. 

(36)  I.  MUNRONII.     (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  Vol.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1049. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect:  leaves  crowded  towards  the  ends  of  the 
branches,  ovate,  slightly  serrated,  acute,  hairy  on  both  sides  :  pedicels 
axillary,  solitary,  1  -flowered,  about  the  length  of  the  leaves,  with  a 
small  bract  at  the  base  :  lateral  sepals  ovate,  toothed  at  the  apex  : 
posterior  concave,  helmet-shaped,  surmounted  by  a  membranous 
crest,  lower  one  terminating  in  a  conical,  hooked,  very  hairy  spur. 

Sisparah  jungles,  Neilgherries,  flowering  in  January  and  Fe- 
bruary. 

(37)  I.   TR1PETALA.        (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  18. —Don's  Mill.  I.  p.  730. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broad-lanceolate,  acuminated,  serrated  ,• 
lower  ones  opposite  and  in  threes  :  peduncles  short,  1-4-nowered, 
or  even  more  :  pedicels  much  shorter  than  the  petioles  :  corolla  3- 
petalled  :  spur  hooked  .  flowers  laige,  red  :  lower  sepal  tinged  with, 
yellow. 

Silhet  mountains,  flowering  from  July  to  September. 

(38)   I.  TRILOBATA.     (  Colebr.) 

Ident.     Don's  Mill.  I.  p.  750. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  serrated,  glabrous  •  pe- 
duncles usually  4- flowered,  spreading,  about  as  long  as  the  leaves  . 
spur  conical,  acuminated,  incurved  .  flowers  yellow. 

Silhet. 

(39)  I.  BRACTEATA.     (Colebr.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl,  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall,)  II.  p.  459. 
Syn.     I.  insignis,    Dec.  prod.  I,  p.  688. — I.  racemosa,   7).  Don» 
prod.  for.  Nep.  p.  203, — I.  fimbriata,  Hook,  Exot.flor,  146, 


19G 

SPFC.  CHAR.  Stem  jointed,  purplish  :  leaves  opposite  and  alter- 
nate, lanceolate,  serrulated :  racemes  terminal,  oblong,  many-flow* 
ered,  fringed  with  the  long  coloured  hairs  of  the  lanceolate  bracts  - 
lower  petal  very  large  flowers  numerous,  rose-coloured  •  spur  long, 
ascending. 

Silhet. 

(40)   I.  ELEGANS.     (Bedd.) 

Ident.     Beddome  in  Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p,  67. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Herbaceous,  erect,  often  throwing  out  roots  from 
the  joints,  somewhat  branched  :  leaves  alternate,  on  very  long  pe- 
tioles, ovate,  acuminate,  crenate  with  incurved  bristles,  above  a  few 
rigid  hairs  on  the  nerves,  beneath  pale  glabrous :  peduncles  axil- 
lary, shorter  than  the  petiole,  3-(rarely  4-5)-flowered  at  the  apex  : 
bracts  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminate  :  upper  sepals  broad,  ovate,  flat, 
with  a  green  ridge  at  their  back  ;  lateral  ones  ovate,  with  a  green 
ridge  ending  in  an  acumen  ;  lower  one  boat-shaped  without  a  spur  ; 
upper  of  compound  petals  very  small,  incurved,  and  vaulted  over 
the  staminal  crown  ;  lower  ones  large  spreading  ;  capsule  glabrous  ; 
seeds  hairy  :  flowers  pale-rose  with  a  dark  eye. 

Annamullay  Hills,     Banks  of  streams. 

(41)  I.  WIGHTIANA.     (Bedd.) 

Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  67. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  erect,  branched:  leaves  alternate, 
narrow-lanceolate,  acuminate,  incurved,  bristly-serrate,  above  a 
few  hairs  on  the  nerves,  below  glabrous :  petioles  very  long,  with 
long  pedicelled  glands  at  their  apex :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary, 
a  little  longer  than  the  petioles,  racemed  nearly  their  whole  length  : 
upper  sepals  with  a  green  ridge  at  their  back  ;  lateral  ones  small ; 
lower  one  ventricose  with  a  short  incurved  spur ;  upper  of  com- 
pound petals  very  small ;  lower  ones  very  long  and  narrow  :  pedi- 
cels in  fruit  horizontal :  bracts  small,  ovate :  capsule  with  about  5 
seeds :  seeds  slightly  hairy  :  flowers  white,  with  the  upper  sepala 
and  lateral  petals  speckled  with  pink. 

Banks  of  the  Toracadoo  River.     Annamullay  Hills, 

(42)  I.  LIGUIATA.     (Bedd.) 

Ident.     Madr,  Journ.  IV.  p.  67. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  herbaceous,  much  branched,  stems  gla- 
brous :  leaves  opposite,  linear,  lanceolate,  mucronate,  often  slightly 
cordate  at  the  base,  remotely  bristle-toothed,  above  clothed  with 
minute  harsh  pubescence,  below  glabrous  and  glaucous :  petioles 
very  short :  peduncles  1-3,  axillary,  about  half  the  length  of  the 
leaves,  pubescent  on  one  side,  reflexed  in  fruit  \  upper  sepals  small, 
lateral  ones  linear :  spur  curved,  gibbous,  inner  of  compound  petals 


197 

ligulate  and  completely  hid  in  the  spur,  lower  one  large,  spreading ! 
i-apsule  glabrous,  gibbous  at  the  centre,  containing  about  12  black, 
shining  seeds  :    flowers  pink  :  stems  red. 
Annamullay  Hills  at  3000  feet. 

(43)  I.  VISCOSA.    (Bedd.) 

Ident.    Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  68. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  branched :  leaves  opposite,  ovate,  long- 
petioled,  with  a  few  harsh  hairs  on  the  nerves  above,  pale  and  gla- 
brous beneath,  incurved  bristly-serrate  :  peduncles  as  long,  or  much 
longer  than  the  leaves,  viscid,  bearing  6-12-flowers  towards  the 
apex  :  lateral  sepals  ovate,  lower  one  with  a  curved  gibbous  spur  : 
lateral  of  compound  petals  very  small,  lower  one  large  with  a  ligulafe 
process  at  the  conjunction  of  the  petals,  which  is  hid  in  the  lower 
sepal  :  capsule  ovate :  seeds  numerous,  matted  with  hair  when  im- 
mature, when  ripe  echinate  :  flowers  small,  pink. 

Annamullay  Hills. 

(44)  I.  ANAMALLYENSIS.    (Bedd.) 

Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  68. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  with  sometimes  small  branches  from  the 
axils  of  the  lower  leaves:  leaves  opposite,  long-petioled,  ovate, 
above  a  few  hairs  on  the  nerves,  beneath  pale,  glabrous  :  leaves  of 
the  branches  alternate :  peduncles  axillary,  from  nearly  as  long,  to 
much  longer  than  the  leaves,  bearing  6-8-flowers  towards  the  apex, 
on  longish  pedicels,  lateral  of  compound  petals  small,  lower  one  deep- 
ly 2-lobed  with  a  claw  at  the  conjunction  of  the  petals  :  spur  very 
short,  straight :  capsule  ovate,  mucronate,  glabrous  :  seeds  very 
hairy  :  flowers  small,  pink. 

Streams  and  moist  places  on  the  Annamullay  Hills, 
(45)     I.  VERRUCOSA.     (Bedd,) 

Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  69. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Root  bulbous :  leaves  radical,  ovate  to  cordate, 
incurved  bristly-serrate,  above  a  few  hairs,  below  glabrous  :  scape 
longer  than  the  leaves,  5-6-flowered  at  the  apex  :  pedicels  long : 
upper  sepals  broad,  vaulted  over  the  staminal  column,  lateral  ones 
small  ovate  ;  upper  of  compound  petals  large  and  spreading,  lower 
deeply  2-lobed :  petals  with  a  batch  of  warts  on  their  upper  sur- 
face :  spur  nearly  twice  the  length  of  the  flowers,  curved :  capsule 
glabrous :  flowers  lilac. 

Beds  of  streams,  Annamullay  Hills. 

(46)  I.  CRENATA.     (Bedd.) 
Idevt.     Madr,  Journ,  IV.  p.  69. 


SPEC.  CHAR,  Bulbous  •  leaves  radical,  short  petioled,  round 
cordate,  very  obtusely  crenated,  with  a  bristle  on  each  crenature, 
and  shaggy  hairs  on  the  nerves  above,  beneath  glabrous  :  scape 
much  longer  than  the  leaves,  2-3-flowered  at  the  apex  :  pedicels 
short :  bracts  ovate-oblong :  lateral  sepals  small,  ovate,  upper  sepal 
vaulted  over  the  staminal  column,  margin  crenated :  lower  sepal 
with  a  short  obtuse  spur,  lower  of  compound  petals  deeply  2-lobed, 
a  dense  tuft  of  hairs  on  the  inner  surface  of  the  petals  :  capsule 
glabrous,  tapering  at  both  ends :  flowers  white,  with  the  tuft  of 
hairs  blue. 

On  rocks,  Annamullay  Hills. 

(47)     I.  AKKA.     (Bedd.) 
Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  69. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Bulbous :  leaves  radical,  orbicular-reniform,  with 
cordate  base,  distinctly  crenated  :  petioles  longer  than  the  leaves  : 
scapes  very  long,  5-6-flowered  at  the  apex :  bracts  boat-shaped : 
lateral  sepals  small,  ovate,  upper  ones  vaulted  over  the  stamina  : 
lateral  of  compound  petals  large  spreading,  lower  deeply  2-lobed, 
hairy  on  their  inner  surface  :  lower  sepal  boat-bhaped  with  a  small 
knot-like  spur :  capsule  oblong,  shining :  flowers  pure  white,  large. 

On  rocks  on  the  Annamullay  Hills. 

(18)  I.  TENUIS.     (Bedd.) 

Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  69. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Bulbous:  leaves  radical,  long-petioled,  cordate- 
ovate,  deeply  lobed  at  the  base,  bluntly  crenated,  long  weak  hairs 
on  the  nerves  above,  pale  and  glabrous  beneath  :  scapes  much 
longer  than  the  leaves,  5-6-flowered  :  bracts  ovate :  upper  sepals 
vaulted  over  the  stamina :  'petals  hairy  on  their  inner  surface,  lower 
one  deeply  2-lobed :  spur  short,  blunt  and  slightly  bent  back  : 
capsule  glabrous  :  flowers  small,  pink. 

Annamullay  Hills  in  rocky  places. 

(49)   I.  GRACIUS.     (Bedd.) 

Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  69. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Bulbous,  with  numerous  shoots  bearing  minute 
leaves :  leaves  radical,  oval  to  suborbicular  with  cordate  base,  7- 
nerved,  glabrous,  pale  beneath,  with  very  small  bristly  serratures  : 
petioles  very  long  :  scape  much  longer  than  leaves  :  flowers  nume- 
rous, long  pedicelled :  bracts  ovate,  acuminated :  upper  sepals 
vaulted  over  the  stamina,  lateral  ones  small :  lower  of  compound 
petals  broad-cuneate,  larger  than  the  lateral  one,  entire  :  spur 
curved,  tapering,  nearly  twice  the  length  of  the  flower:  flowers 
large,  pale-lilac. 

In  streams  on  the  Annamullay  Hills. 


19!) 

(50)  I.  PARVIFOLIA,     (Bedd.} 
Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  66. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  sub-erect,  branched,  glabrous  :  leaves 
alternate,  minute,  cuneate,  deeply  serrated  on  the  upper  half:  pe- 
duncles axillary,  solitary,  5-6  times  longer  than  the  leaves,  with  a 
small  bract  towards  the  apex,  erect  in  flower,  much  reflexed  in 
fruit :  upper  sepals  small  and  slightly  vaulted  over  the  staminal 
crown,  lateral  ones  small  and  pointing  upwards,  lower  one  boat- 
shaped  without  a  spur,  upper  of  compound  petals  small,  lower  large 
spreading :  flowers  white,  upper  petals  tinged  with  pink. 

Annamullay  Hills  at  8000  feet. 

(51)  1.  PARASITICA.     (Bcdd.) 

Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  66. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  Very  succulent,  often  moniliform,  throwing 
out  roots :  leaves  crowded  at  the  apex  of  the  stem,  glabrous,  long- 
petioled,  ovate,  acute,  crenate,  serrate  with  incurved  bristles  :  pe- 
duncles axillary,  short,  bearing  2  (rarely  1 )  very  long  pedicels  : 
upper  sepals  with  a  foliaceous  crest,  lateral  ones  linear,  acute,  lower 
one  saccate  with  a  spur-like  point ;  upper  of  compound  petals  much 
smaller  than  the  lower  one,  both  hid  in  the  saccate  sepal :  capsule 
glabrous,  ovate,  gibbous  :  seeds  numerous,  small :  upper  sepals  and 
petals  green  :  saccate  one,  dark-red. 

Annamullay  Hills  at  6000  feet. 

(52)  I.  TANGACHEE.     (Bedd.) 

Ident.     Madr.  Journ.  IV.  p.  66. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  sub-procumbent,  glabrous :  leaves 
alternate,  sub-verticelled,  acuminated,  deeply  serrated  :  peduncles 
axillary,  2-3  times  longer  than  the  leaves,  4-8-flowered  towards 
the  apex :  bracts  large,  boat-shaped :  pedicels  erect  in  flower, 
slightly  reflexed  in  fruit :  upper  sepals  large,  lateral  ones  ovate, 
pointed  :  spur  long,  tapering,  lateral  of  compound  petals  about  half 
the  size  of  the  lower  ones,  with  a  mucro  :  capsule  smooth,  gibbous ; 
seeds  numerous,  very  small  :  flowers  pink. 

Annamullay  Hills  in  beds  of  streams. 

(53)  I.  SETOSA.     (H.  f.  Sf  T.) 
Ident.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  IV.  p.  123. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  branched  ;  branches  opposite  :  leaves 
petioled,  bristly-stipulate,  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminate,  obscurely 
serrated,  distantly  long-bristled  at  the  margin  towards  the  base, 
somewhat  hairy  on  both  sides:  pedicels  slender;  larger  sepals  ob- 
liquely ovate:  spur  elongated,  filiform,  very  slender,  incurved; 
floweis  purple. 

Mountains  in  Malabar, 


200 

(54)  I.  TENELLA,     (Heyne  in  Wall.) 

Ident*     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc,  vol.  IV.  f>.  123. 
Syn.     I.  pusilla,  Heynes — I.  tenuicllla,  Steud. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Very  small,  erect,  somewhat  flaccid,  branched  i 
leaves  short-petioled,  linear-oblong  or  lanceolate,  serrated,  pale  be- 
low :  sepals  linear,  acuminated :  lip  boat -shaped,  attenuated  into  a 
short  spur  which  is  straight  or  incurved :  helmet  short :  wings  long- 
clawed,  scarcely  lobed,  semi-obovate,  falcate :  flowers  small,  gla- 
brous. 

Mountains  in  Malabar. 

(55)   SAL1CIFOUA.       (H.f.  ty   T.) 

Idcnt.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  IV.  p.  124. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  robust,  pubescent  or  tomentose :  leaves 
opposite  and  verticelled,  stipulate,  short-petioled,  lanceolate,  acu- 
minated, bristly -serrate :  pedicels  short,  fascicled  :  sepals  small, 
lanceolate-subulate :  lip  long-saccate,  terminated  at  the  base  with 
a  short  hooked  spur :  vexillum  obovate,  keeled  and  horned  at  the 
back  :  capsules  clavate,  quite  glabrous :  flowers  pubescent  or  gla- 
brous, purple. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  from  August  to  October. 

(56)    I.   MULTIFLORA.       (Wall.) 

Idcnt.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  IV,  p.  126. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tall,  branched  ;  leaves  opposite,  or  in  threes  or 
alternate,  stipulate,  long-petioled,  membranaceous,  ovate-lanceo- 
late, acuminated  at  both  ends,  crenate-serrated  and  bristly  towards 
the  base,  sparingly  puberulous,  or  quite  glabrous  on  both  sides : 
pedicels  slender,  shortish,  rarely  fascicled  into  a  short  peduncle : 
sepals  small,  subulate,  falcate :  lip  saccate,  terminated  by  a  short 
or  elongated,  hooked  spur:  vexillum  obovate,  helmeted,  horned  at 
the  back  :  wings  small :  flowers  purple. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  from  August  to  October. 

(57)  I.  RADICANS.     (Benth.) 
Ident.     Joum.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  IV.  p.  126. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  or  pubescent:  stem  upright,  quite  sim- 
ple, robust,  leafy  :  leaves  short-petioled,  narrow-linear  or  oblong- 
lanceolate,  roundish  at  the  base,  acute,  subserrate,  pubescent  on 
both  sides,  (rarely  glabrous) :  peduncles  1-3-flowered :  pedicels 
slender:  sepals  small :  lip  long-saccate,  terminated  at  the  base  by 
a  short  hooked  spur  :  vexillum  helmeted,  gibbous  and  somewhat 
horned  at  the  back  :  wings  small,  flowers  large,  purple. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhct,  flowering  from  July  to  September* 


201 

(5#)  I.  TRILOBATA.     (Coleb).) 
faent.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  126. 
Enyrav.     Hook.  Exot.  flor.  II.  t.  141. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tall,  branched,  glabrous :  leaves  opposite,  alter- 
nate, and  somewhat  verticilled,  petioled,  upper  ones  sessile,  ovate 
br  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated,  crenate-serrated,  very  frequently 
ciliolate,  membranaceous :  peduncles  solitary,  slender,  elongated, 
2-5-flowered  :  pedicels  slender,  sepals  small,  somewhat  setaceous : 
lip  long-saccate,  bag  conical,  abruptly  or  by  degrees  Harrowed  into 
a  short,  or  elongated  incurved  spur  :  vexillum  helmeted,  broadly 
obcordate,  horned  at  the  back :  wings  small,  2-lobed :  flowers 
violet. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  from  July  to  October. 
(59)  FLAVIDA.     (//.  /.  f  T.) 

Tdent.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  127. 
Syn.     1.  fruticosa,  Lesch. 

SPEC.  CHAK.  Stem  slender,  erect :  leaves  opposite  and  in  threes; 
long-petioled,  ovate-lanceolate,  narrowed  at  botli  ends,  quite  gla- 
brous, subserrate  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  longer  than  the 
petiole,  erect,  2-4-fioweied  :  bracts  recurved  :  sepals  small,  ovate 
br  oblong,  acuminate  :  lip  saccate,  subcampanulate  or  ventricose, 
terminated  by  a  hooked  spur :  vexillum  gibbous  at  the  back  :  flow- 
ers somewhat  umbelled,  yellow. 

Forests  east  of  Bengal.  Silhet.  Luckipore.  Flowering  in 
November. 

(00)    I.   VL11T1C1LLATA.        (Wujllt.) 

Ident.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  120. — Madr.  Journ.  Sc» 
V.  p.  15. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Quite  glabrous  :  leaves  opposite  and  verticilled, 
Very  rarely  alternate,  short-petioled,  lanceolate,  acuminate  at  both 
ends,  sharply  serrate,  the  lower  serratures  bristly  :  stipules  subu- 
late :  peduncles  elongated,  erect,  somewhat  umbellatcly  3-5-flow- 
ered  :  pedicels  slender  :  the  larger  sepals  oblong-lanceolate  :  vex- 
illum concave,  shortly  horned  :  lip  boat-shaped,  with  a  very  slender, 
long  spur. 

Shevaghcrry.  Travancorc  mountains,  flowering  from  August  to 
November. 

(61)  I.  AUGUTA,     (H.  f.  $  T.) 

Idcnt.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  137. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Quite  gLibrous  .  btem  slender,  branched:  leafrej 
stiort-pctioled  or  with  a  winged  petiole,  elliptic-lanceolate,  long* 
acuminate  at  both  ends,  sharply  bciiated  or  toothed,  bristly  at  ^ 


202 

base,  tipper  ones  often  with  a  glanduliferous  petiole  :  peduncle 
short,  1-2-flowered :  bracts  bristly,  elongated,  twisted :  pedicels 
elongated  :  sepals  obliquely  ovate,  cuspidate-acuminate  :  lip  long- 
saccate,  broadly  infundibuliform  or  campanulate,  with  a  bhortish 
hooked  spur :  vcxillum  subrostrate  at  the  back  :  flowers  large, 
bluish  or  lilac. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  from  June  to  October. 

(62)  I.  DISCOLOR.     (Dee.) 

Ident.  Dec.  prod.  I.  p,  687.~~Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV,  p, 
137. 

Syn.     I.  insignis,  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  erect,  somewhat  branched  :  leaves  petioled, 
ovate-acuminate,  without  glands,  thickly  crenate-serrated,  some- 
what hairy  above :  pedicels  shortish,  2-flowered  :  bracts  small, 
broadly  ovate,  remote  :  sepals  ovate-acuminate  :  lip  long-saccate, 
ventricose,  with  a  short,  incurved,  or  circinate  spur  .  vcxillum 
horned  at  the  back. 

In  moist  and  shady  places  in  the  Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flow- 
ering from  July  to  September. 

(63)  I.  PORRECTA.     (Watt.) 

Ident.     Joitrn.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  138. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Low  plant,  quite  glabrous:  stem  simple,  sudden- 
ly rooting  at  the  base,  afterwards  erect :  leaves  an  inch  long,  long- 
petioled,  ovate-elliptic,  acute,  serrulated,  with  2  glands  towards  the 
base  :  peduncles  small,  shorter  than  the  leaf,  2-3-flowered  :  bracts 
bristly  :  sepals  ovate,  acuminated  :  lip  subconieal,  saccate  :  spur 
gradually  attenuated,  hooked  at  the  apex  :  flowers  yellow. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  in  August. 

(64)  I.  BELLA.     (II.  f.  $-.  T.) 
Idenl.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soe.  IV.  p.  138. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Sparingly  puberulous,  1  rarely  2-fIowercd  :  steins 
quite  simple,  creeping  at  the  base,  afterwards  erect :  leaves  mcm- 
branaceous,  long-petioled,  broadly  ovate,  crenulatc :  pedicel  cicct, 
slender,  pubescent,  bractcolate  in  the  middle,  1-2-flowered  :  laiger 
sepals  oblong-lanceolate,  acuminate  :  lip  conically  saccate,  produc- 
ed into  a  slender,  twisted,  puberulous  spur :  vexillum  broadly  obn- 
vate,  horned  at  the  baek  :  wings  2-lobcd  :  the  basal  lobe  auriculi- 
form,  the  terminal  one  obovate,  elongated  :  flowers  orange  or  golden 
colour,  the  petals  and  lip  being  marked  with  purple  lines  within. 

Khabia  mountains,  Silhet,  floweiing  in  August. 

(65)  I.  BActMULo&A.     (Wall.) 
Journ.  Proc,  Linn,  Soc,  IV,  p.  138, 


203 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Quite  glabrous  :  stem  tliickisli,  simple  or  branch- 
ed at  the  base :  leaves  petioled,  ovate  or  lanceolate,  acuminated, 
obtusely  serrate,  without  glands :  racemes  shorter  than  the  leaf, 
6-8-flowered  :  peduncle  flexuose  :  bracts  oblong  :  pedicels  slender  : 
larger  sepals  obliquely  ovate,  acute:  lip  boat-shaped  :  spur  short- 
ish, incuived,  as  long  as  the  flower:  vexillum  small,  orbicular: 
posterior  lobe  of  the  wings  largest,  broadly  semi-orbicular,  obtuse  : 
flowers  deep  violet. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  from  June  to  October. 

(66)    I.   LATIFLORA,       (//.  /.  &  T.) 

Ident.    Journ.  Proc.  Linn,  Soc.  IV.  p.  139. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  low,  puberulous  :  leaves  petioled,  lanceo- 
late, acuminate,  crenate  serrated,  very  often  with  bristly  glands  at 
the  base,  glaucous  beneath  :  peduncles  eiect,  thick,  2-3-divided  or 
simple  :  bracts  remote,  lanceolate  :  sepals  broad-ovate,  acuminate  : 
lip  boat-shaped,  abruptly  contracted  into  a  straight,  or  slightly 
curved,  slender,  elongated  spur  :  vexillum  winged  at  the  back  : 
flowers  pale-rose  or  violet. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  in  October. 

(67)  I.  PULCHRA.     (//.  /.  £  T.) 

Ident.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  139. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Low  plant,  quite  glabrous  •  stem  simple:  leaves 
tliickisli,  petioled,  elliptic  or  narrow-lanceolate,  acuminate,  sei  rated, 
pale  beneath :  peduncles  erect,  2-3-divided  or  simple :  bracts  dis- 
tant, lanceolate  :  sepals  broad-ov.ite,  acuminated  :  lip  broad  infun- 
dibuliform  :  attenuated  into  a  conical  spur  which  is  circinate  at  the 
apex :  vexillum  winged  at  the  back  :  flowers  pale-rose  or  straw- 
coloured,  streaked  with  red. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  from  September  to  Novem- 
ber. 

(68)  I.  P^BERULA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  HI.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p. 
687. 

Syn.  I.  mollis,  11ralL—Jloxl>.JI.  Lid.  U.p.  461.— I.  hispidula, 
Benth. 

Engrav.     Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  II.  t.  193. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect ;  stem  elongated,  simple  or  branched  :  whole 
plant  more  or  less  pubescent  or  glabrous  •  leaves  attenuated  into 
the  petiole,  elliptic  or  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated  at  both  ends, 
crenated,  without  glands  :  pedicels  bracteolated,  1-4-flowered,  soli- 
tary or  twin,  slender,  erect,  axillary  and  somewhat  terminal,  pubes- 
cent :  larger  sepals  ovate-acuminate  :  border  of  the  lip  boat-shaped  ; 


204 

•pur  long,    slender,   curved  :  wings  patent :  capsule  linear  :  flower! 
Violet,  pubescent. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  floweiing  from  June  to  December. 
((59)  I.  AURICULATA.     (Wlglit.) 

Idcnt.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  141. — Madr.  Journ.  Sc. 
V.  p.  8. 

Engrav.     Madr.  Journ.  Sc.  V.  t.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Kpiph}tal,  quite  glabrous  ;  stem  short,  very  thick, 
knotty,  jointed  :  leaves  petioled,  ovate  or  elliptic,  acute,  subserrated  : 
peduncles  short,  2-flowered  .  pedicels  slender ;  largest  sepals  De- 
pendent :  vexillum  short,  concave,  deeply  2-cleft :  lip  long-saccate, 
shortly  spurred  at  the  apex. 

Hills  near  Courtullum. 

(70)  I.  VIRIDIFI.ORA.     (Wight.) 

Jdent.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  142. — Madr.  Journ.  Sc. 
V.  p.  9. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Quite  glabrous;  stem  short,  very  thick  :  branches 
knotty:  leaves  thick-petioled,  ovate-lanceolate,  acute,  serrated: 
peduncles  short,  2-fio\vered  :  pedicels  slender  :  sepals  linear  :  vexil- 
lum deeply  2-lobed,  and  deeply  keeled  at  the  back  :  lip  conically 
subsaccate,  narrowed  into  an  incurved  spur. 

Shevagherry  Hills. 

(71)  I.  BRACTKATA.     (Colebr.) 

Ident.  Colebr.  MSS. — Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  142.— 
Jloxb.  fl.  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall.)  II.  p.  458. 

f!yn,     I.  timbiiata,  Hook. 

Engrav.     Hook.  Exot.  nor.  II.  t.  146, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Quite  glabrous  ;  stem  erect,  sparingly  branched! 
leaves  long-petioled,  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated  at  both  ends,  sub- 
serrate,  ciliated  at  the  base  :  peduncle  terminal,  many-flowered  at 
tjae  apex  :  bracts  large,  recurved,  tufted  with  hairs  :  flowers  purple. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  from  June  to  August. 

(72)  I.  ACUMINATA.     ( Beiith. ) 

Ident.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p,  145. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Low  plant,  quite  glabrous ;  stem  thick,  simple  : 
kaves  approximated,  long-lanceolate,  narrowed  into  the  petiole, 
acuminated,  sinuate-crenated,  subcoriaceous,  glaucous  beneath  : 
peduncles  axillary,  thick ish  :  bracts  large,  broad-ovate,  obtuse  : 
ijarger  sepals  obliquely  ovate-cordate,  obtuse  or  acuminate  :  border 
of  the  lip  boat-shaped,  acuminate :  spur  elongated,  gradually  riar-i 


205 

rowed,  incurved !    vexillum  orbiculate :    wings  bipartite :    flowers 
large,  pale-red. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhct,  flowering  in  August  and  September, 

(73)    I.  L,EMGATA.       (Wall.) 

Ident.     Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  146. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  tall,  fruticose  :  leaves  short  or  long-petioled, 
oblong  or  obovate-lanceolate,  long-acuminated,  crenate-serrated, 
glandular  at  the  base  or  on  the  petiole  :  peduncles  axillary  and  ter- 
minal, short,  2-3-flowered :  bracts  opposite  and  with  the  sepal* 
broad-ovate,  acuminated  :  lip  conically  saccate,  ventricose,  termina.t- 
ed  by  a  shortish,  hooked  spur  :  flowers  yellow,  streaked  with  red, 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  from  July  to  October. 

(71)  I.  RACEMOSA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  147, — Edgw.  in  Linn, 
Trans.  XX.  p.  41. 

Syn.     I.  micrantha,  Don's  prod.  p.  205  ? 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Quite  glabrous:  stem  slender,  erect:  leaves  pe« 
tioled,  lanceolate,  acuminated  at  both  ends,  narrowed  at  the  apex, 
thickly  crenated  :  peduncles  elongated,  straight,  slender,  many- 
flowered  :  pedicels  verticillatc,  slender :  bracts  small,  ovate-subu* 
late  :  sepals  small :  lip  long-conically  saccate,  attenuated  into  a 
curved  spur :  vexillum  orbicular  :  terminal  lobe  of  the  wings  short 
or  elongated,  ligulate  or  caudate :  capsule  linear :  flowers  pale-* 
yellow,  or  pale  dirty  lilac. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  from  July  to  September. 

(73)  I.  MACUL\TA.     (Wight.) 

Ident.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  149. — Madr,  Jour.  Se, 
VII.  p.  12. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  branched,  deeply  furrowed,  hairy  :  leaves 
alternate,  long-petioled,  ovate-lanceolate,  serrated,  hairy  on  both 
sides,  younger  ones  subtomentose  :  peduncles  stiff,  elongated,  many* 
flowered  :  pedicels  horizontal :  sepals  large,  broadly  ovate-oblong : 
vexillum  small :  lip  conical,  ending  in  a  slender  elongated  spur; 
capsule  short. 

Shevagherry  Hills. 

(76)  I.  INSJGNIS.     (Dec.) 

Ident.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  150. — Dec.  prod.  I.  p, 
688. 

Syn.     I.  racemosa,  Don.  prod.  p.  203. 
fngrav.     Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  II.  t.  194> 


206 

SPFC.  CHAR.  Stem  erect,  simple  :  leaves  linear  or  oblong-lan- 
ceolate, attenuated  at  the  base,  acuminated,  serrated  :  teeth  bristly 
at  the  apex:  peduncles  6-8,  erect,  elongated,  1  0-1  5  -flowered  : 
bracts  caducous  :  sepals  obliquely  ovate,  awnedly  acuminate  :  lip 
conically  saccate,  attenuated  into  a  slender,  elongated  spur  :  flow- 
ers rose-coloured. 

Silhet  mountains. 

(77)  I.  TINGENS.     (Edgiv.) 

Ident.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  131.  —  Edgw.  in  Linn. 
Trans.  XX.  p.  41. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  erect,  slender,  branched  :  leaves  membrana- 
ceous,  ovate  or*  lanceolate,  acuminated  at  both  ends,  narrowed  at 
the  apex,  crenated  :  teeth  bristly  at  the  base  :  peduncles  numerous, 
lateral  and  somewhat  terminal,  very  slender,  erect,  many-flowered  . 
pedicels  capillary  :  sepals  small,  ovate,  obtuse  :  sac  of  the  lip  con- 
ical, gradually  attenuated  into  a  straight  or  curved  spur  :  vexillum 
orbicular,  mutic  at  the  back  :  terminal  lobe  of  the  wings  caudate  : 
flowers  small,  yellow. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(78)  I.  IEPTOCERAS.     (Dec.) 

Ident.  Journ.  Proc.  Linn.  Soc.  IV.  p.  152.—  Dec.  prod.  I.  p, 
688. 

.%«.  I.  longicornn,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall.)  II.  />•  462.— 
I.  odorata,  Doit.  prod.  p.  213. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Quite  glabrous  :  stem  erect,  simple  or  branched, 
leafy  :  leaves  ovate  or  lanceolate,  short-petioled,  bristly-serrate  : 
peduncles  axillary  and  somewhat  terminal,  erect,  slender:  bracts 
ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated  :  sepals  middling-sized,  broadly  ovate, 
subulate-acuminate  :  lip  infuiulibuliform  attenuated  into  an  incurv- 
ed or  straight,  very  slender  spur  :  capsule  slender,  linear-clavate  : 
flowers  orange-coloured,  purple,  white  or  purple-spotted. 

Khasia  mountains,  Silhet,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season.  There 
are  seven  or  eight  varieties  of  this  species,  all  of  which  have  differ- 
ent coloured  flowers. 

GENUS  IT.     HYDROCERA. 
Pentaiitlria  IVIoiiogyiila.    £Xr-  Sytt: 
Deriv.     From  Hydor,  water,  and  Keras,  a  horn. 


CHAR.  Herbaceous,  water-plants  with  angular  stems  • 
sepals  5,  distinct,  coloured  :  petals  5,  unequal,  distinct,  the  upper 
one  arched  :  filaments  connate  at  the  apex  :  anthers  2-celled, 
opening  at  the  apex  :  stigmas  .r>,  sessile,  acute  :  fruit  succulent, 
drupaceous,  5-angled,  5-furrowed,  5-cclled  :  nut  hard  and  bony  : 
seed  solitary. 


207 

H.    TR1FLORA.       (W.   $  A."} 

Ident.     AV.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  140. 

Syn.     Impatient  triflora,    Willd.    Dec.  prod.    I.   p.    687.— I. 
ftatans,  Do.  Roxb.fi.  hid.  (Ed.  Wall.)  II.  p.  455. 

Engrav.     Burin.  Zeyl.  t.  16.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  alternate,  from  linear  to  broad-lanceolate, 
serrated,  glabrous,  glaucous  below  :  peduncles  short,  axillary,  soli- 
tary, 2-4-flowered  :  pedicels  longer  than  the  peduncles :  lateral 
sepals  as  long  as  the  others  :  anterior  one  concave,  gibbous  at  the 
base,  with  a  short,  curved  spur,  swelling  at  the  apex  :  anterior 
petals  somewhat  3-lobed,  with  the  margins  involute  near  the  base  ; 
flowers  variegated,  red,  white  and  yellow. 

Tanks  and  ditches  in  Tan/ore,  flowering  from  July  to  September, 


ORDER  XL.    OXAtlDACEJE. 

Herbaceous  plants,  undershrubs  or  trees :  leaves  simple  or 
compound,  alternate,  seldom  opposite:  sepals  5,  persistent, 
imbricated  in  aestivation  \  petals  5,  hypogynous,  equal,  ungui- 
culate,  twisted  in  aestivation:  stamens  usually  more  or  less 
monadelphous,  those  opposite  the  petals  longer  than  the  rest : 
anthers  erect,  2-celled ;  ovary  5-celled  :  ovules  solitary  or  seve- 
ral in  each  cell :  styles  5,  filiform  :  stigmas  capitate  or  some- 
what 2-cleft :  fruit  capsular,  membranous,  5-celled,  5-10-valv- 
ed :  seeds  few :  testa  fleshy,  bursting  elastically :  embryo  straight, 
as  long  as  the  albumen. 

GENUS  I.     B10PHYTUM. 
ftetanrtria  Peiitagynia*    Sex.  Syst 

fienv.  From  Bios,  life,  and  Phyton^  a  plant.  The  leaves  oi 
the  species  are  sensitive  to  the  touch. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Annual  or  suffruticose  herbs,  with  a  naked  stem, 
bearing  at  the  apex  a  fascicled  whorl  of  abruptly  pinnated  leaves  . 
leaflets  numerous,  opposite :  peduncles  umbellate,  many-flowered  . 
sepals  5  :  stamens  free,  in  2  scries  alteinating  with  each  other: 
stigmas  5,  capitate  or  bifid :  capsules  globose,  somewhat  pcftta- 
gon.il. 


208 

(1)  B.  SENSITIVE.     (Del:.) 
tdent.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  690. 

Syn.  Oxalls  sensitiva,  Linn.  W.  <$*.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  142. — Roxfa 
/.  Ind.  II.  p.  457. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  19. — Humph.  Amb.  V.  t.  104. 
fk  2.— -Wight's  Icon.  t.  18. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  scarcely  any  :  leaves  umbellate :  leaflets 
10-14  pair,  obliquely  obovate  or  oblong :  peduncles  from  among 
the  leaves,  several  together,  pubescent :  pedicels  bracteated  at  the 
base :  cells  of  the  ovary  about  4-ovuled :  flowers  numerous,  um- 
bellate* yellow. 

Peninsula.     Concans,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  II.      OXALIS. 
Deeaitdria  Pentagynla.    Sex    Syst. 

t)eriv.     From  Oxys,  acid.     The  leaves  have  an  acid  taste. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Caulescent,  stipitate  or  stemless  hcibs:  leaves 
pinnately  1-3-foliolate  or  palmately  3-13-foliolate,  rarely  bifolio- 
late :  peduncles  1-2  or  many-flowered :  sepals  5,  free  or  combined 
at  the  base :  petals  5  :  filaments  connected  at  the  base,  5  altern- 
ate ones  shorter  :  styles  5  :  capsules  pentagonal. 

(1)    O.  CORNICULATA.       (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  142.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  692.-«- 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  457. 
Syn.     O.  pusilla,  Salisb. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  18. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  decumbent,  rooting  :  leaves  palmately  3* 
foliolate :  leaflets  obcordate,  pubescent:  peduncles  2-5-flowcred : 
sepals  pubescent :  capsule  many-seeded,  densely  pubescent :  flow* 
ers  yellow. 

Common  throughout  the  country,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 

GENUS  III.     HUGONIA. 
JHonadelpliia  JDeeaitdria.    Sex    Syst  .- 

Deriv.     In  honor  of  John  Hugon,  an  English  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  without  an  involucel,  persistent :  sepals 
5,  distinct,  unequal,  the  two  exterior  lanceolate,  densely  pubescent  on 
the  back,  imbricated  in  aestivation  :  petals  5,  unguiculate,  hypogy- 
nous,  alternate  with  the  sepals,  twisted  in  aestivation  :  stamens 
hypogynous :  anthers  erect,  2-cellcd:  ovary  5-celled,  glabrous, 
tylth  2  pendulous  ovules  in  each  cell :  styles  5,  dibtiuct ;  btigmas 


209 

iobed :    drupe   fleshy,    inclosing    five    1 -seeded   carpels :    albumen 
fleshy. 

(1)  H.  MYSTAX.     (Linn.) 

tdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  72.— Dec.  prod.  J.  p.  522. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  II.  t.  29.— Wight's  111.  I.  t.  32. 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Rambling  shrub :  leaves  alternate,  oval  and  ob- 
long-lanceolate, the  lower  half  bluntly  serrated,  crowded  and  oppo- 
site near  the  flowers,  young  parts  covered  with  rusty  pubescence  t 
stipules  2,  subulate  :  peduncles  axillary,  1 -flowered  :  spines  hook- 
ed, opposite  :  flowers  largish,  yellow. 

Travancore.     Malabar  and  CoromandeL     Flowering  in  the  rainy 
season. 


ORDER  XII,    CONNARACE^;, 

Trees  or  shrubs :  leaves  compound,  alternate,  exstipulate  I 
calyx  5-partite,  regular,  persistent,  imbricate  or  valvular  in 
aestivation :  petals  5,  inserted  into  the  base  of  the  calyx :  sta- 
mens hypogynous:  filaments  usually  combined  at  their  base 
into  a  glandular  ring :  ovary  simple  and  solitary,  or  several 
and  distinct :  ovules  twin,  ascending :  styles  terminal :  stigmas 
obtuse,  usually  dilated :  capsules  1-5,  dehiscing  lengthwise  at 
the  ventral  suture:  seeds  solitary,  erect,  sometimes  with  an 
aril :  albumen  none  or  fleshy. 

GENUS  I.    CONtfAHUS. 
Deeamlrla  Monogynla.    Sex    Syst. 

l)eriv.  From  Connaros,  the  name  of  a  tree  described  by  A  the* 
naeus. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite,  imbricate  in  aestivation  :  stamens 
united  at  the  base :  ovary  solitary :  style  1  :  capsule  pod-shaped, 
solitary  :  seed  1,  without  albumen. 

(1)  C.  MONOCARPUS.     (Linn.) 

IdenL    W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  143.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  85. 
Syn.     C.  Asiaticus,  Willd.  Spr.  III.  p.  692. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VII.  t.  26.— -Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  89. 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Shrub:  leaves  3-5-foliolatc :  leaflets  ovate,  co* 
riaceous,  glabrous,  shining  above  :  panicles  fascicled,  axillary  and 


210 

terminal  :  branches  and  calyx  glabrous  :  fruit  sessile  :  seed   \Vith  a 
complete  fleshy  aril :  flowers  yellowish-white  :  very  fragrant. 
Travancore,  flowering  all  the  year. 

(2)  C.  PINNATUS.     (Lam.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  143. 

Syn.  Omphalobium  pinnatum,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  86. — O.  indi- 
cum,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  85, 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  24.— Wight's  111.  I.  t.  64. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  3-5-foliolate  :  leaflets  oval-oblong, 
acuminated,  glabrous,  coriaceous,  shining  on  both  sides  :  panicles 
terminal,  elongated  :  branches  and  calyx  pubescent :  ovary  hairy  : 
seed  with  an  imperfect  aril :  flowers  white. 

Travancore.     Coromandel.     Concans. 

(3)  C.  PANICULATUS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl,  Tnd.  III.  p.  139. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  5-7,  ovate,  oblong, 
obtusely  acuminate,  shining  :  panicles  terminal  and  axillary,  cloth- 
ed with  rusty  pubescence  :  flowers  yellow. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  June. 

(4)  C.  LATIFOLIUS.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     Walp.  Annal.  II.  p.  300. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branchlets,  inflorescence  and  petioles  downy : 
leaflets  3-5,  sometimes  2  by  abortion,  large,  elliptic-oblong,  shortly 
acuminated,  quite  entire,  glabrous :  panicles  terminal,  many-flow- 
ered :  pedicels  nearly  equalling  the  calyx  :  calycine  segments 
oblong-linear,  puberulous,  shorter  than  the  petals  :  follicles  obovoid, 
turgid,  at  first  downy,  afterwards  glabrous. 

Silhet  and  Assam. 

(5)  C.  PENTANDRUS.   ( Roxl).) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Tnd.  III.  p.  140. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  3-7,  oblong,  ob- 
tusely acuminate,  shining:  panicles  terminal:  flowers  pentandrous; 
capsules  polished,  obliquely-oblong,  obtuse. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  II.     ROUREA. 
Decandria  Pentagynla.    Sex    Syst 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite,  imbricate  in  aestivation  r  petals 
5  :  stamens  united  at  the  base  :  ovaries  5,  often  several,  abortive  ; 


211 

capsules  pod-shaped,  usually  solitary  from  abortion  :  seed  solitary, 
usually  with  an  aril :  albumen  none. 

(1)    R.  SOOKURTHOONTEE. 

Ident.     Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  265. 

Syn.     Cnestis  monadelpha,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  454. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  pinnate  :  leaflets  5-7,  short-peti- 
oled,  oblong,  obtusely  acuminated :  panicles  axillary,  several  to- 
gether, nearly  as  long  as  the  leaves  :  capsule  solitary,  obliquely 
ovate-oblong  :  seed  covered  with  a  complete  orange-coloured  aril : 
flowers  small,  white,  fragrant, 

Silhet  and  Chittagong  Hills,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season, 

(2)    R.  SANTAL01DES.       (W.   Sf  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  14-1.— Dalz.  Homb.  flor.  p.  .r>3. 
Syn.     Connarus  santaloides,  VaJil.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  85. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Climbing  shrub :  leaflets  2-4  pair,  ovate,  with  a 
narrow,  blunt  acumination,  coriaceous  :  panicles  axillary  and  ter- 
minal, few-flowered :  fruit  ovoid,  pointed,  rather  fleshy,  not  pod- 
shaped. 

Warree  country.     Ram  Ghaut. 

(3)  R.  CAUDATA.     (Planslton.) 

Ident.     "Walp.  Ann.  II.  p.  297. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Quite  glabrous,  shrubby :  leaflets  5-10,  short- 
petioled,  oblong-lanceolate,  long  and  obtusely  caudate,  acute  at 
the  base,  quite  entire  :  racemes  1-4,  axillary,  much  shorter  than 
the  leaf:  pedicels  longer  than  the  calyx  :  fruit-bearing  ones  thick- 
ened, club-shaped  :  calycine  segments  ovate-roundish,  somewhat  ci- 
liated :  petals  oblong,  obtuse,  twice  as  long  as  the  calyx  :  stamens, 
exserted  :  follicle  oblong,  mucronate,  quite  glabrous. 

Assam, 

GENUS  III.     CNESTIS. 
Deeaiidria  Tetraffjnia.    &"    Syst* 

))eriv.  From  Knao,  to  scratch,  with  reference  to  the  prickly 
capsules. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite,  valvate  in  aestivation  :  petals  5  : 
capsules  1-celled,  2-valved :  ovules  twin:  seed  solitary,  without 
aril :  albumen  fleshy. 

(1)  C.  HIRSUTA. 
Syn,     Robergia  hirsuta,  Rojcb.  Jt.  hid.  II.  pt  455, 


212 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Climbing  shrub  :  hairy,  leaves  unequally  pinnate 
leaflets  1-8  pair,  oblong,  entire  :  panicles  terminal  and  axillary. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  March. 


(2)    C.  MONADELPHA. 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  87.  —  Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  34. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Leaves  unequally  pinnated,   glabrous  :   leaflet* 
ovate-lanceolate,  acuminate,  shining. 

Silhet. 


ORDER  XLII.    ZYGOPHYLLACEJE. 

Herbaceous  plants,  shrubs  or  trees :  leaves  opposite,  stipuled, 
seldom  simple  :  calyx  4-5-cleft :  petals  unguiculate :  alternate 
with  the  sepals :  stamens  hypogynous :  filaments  distinct,  usual- 
ly rising  from  the  back  of  a  scale :  anthers  2-celled,  opening 
lengthwise:  ovary  simple,  more  or  less  4-5-furrowed,  4-5- 
celled:  ovules  twin  or  more,  pendulous:  style  simple,  often 
furrowed :  stigma  simple  or  lobed :  capsule  4-5-angled  or  wing- 
ed, 4-5-valved :  albumen  between  fleshy  and  horny  :  embryo 
green. 

GENUS  I.     TRIBULUS. 
Decaiiclria  Moiiogynia.    Sex .  Syst 

Deriv.  From  Treis,  three,  and  Bolos,  a  point,  in  allusion  to  the 
prickly  pointed  fruit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  plants,  trailing  :  leaves  opposite,  ab- 
ruptly pinnate,  bistipulate :  peduncles  1  -flowered,  axillary  :  calyx 
deeply  t5-partite ;  petals  longer  than  the  calyx  :  filaments  naked, 
those  opposite  the  sepals  with  an  external  gland  at  the  base :  ovary 
hairy,  5-celled,  with  3-4  pendulous  ovules  in  each  cell  :  style 
short,  or  scarcely  any  :  stigma  5-ribbed  :  fruit  5-coccous,  cocci  at 
length  separating,  externally  tubercled  or  prickly,  with  2-4  super* 
posed  1 -seeded  cells  :  seeds  without  albumen. 

(1)  T.  LANUGINOSUS.     (Linn.') 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  M5.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  704.— 
ttoxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  401. 

Engrav.     Burm,  Xeyl.  t.  106.  f.  1.—  Wight's  Icon,  I.  t.  9&, 


213 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  5-6  pair,  with  a  close-pressed  villoua 
pubescence:  peduncles  solitary,  shorter  than  the  leaf:  cocci  each 
with  two  prickles :  flowers  large,  yellow,  fragrant. 

Coromandel,  Deccan.  Monghyr.  Flowering  nearly  all  the 
year. 

(2)  T.  TERRESTRIS.     (Linn.) 
Ident.    Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  704.— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  45. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Procumbent,  spreading  on  the  ground :  leaflets 
5-6  pair :  peduncles  solitary,  axillary  :  fruit  angled,  prickly  ;  flow- 
ers yellow. 

peccan.     Guzerat. 

GENUS  II.    FAGONIA. 
Decandria  ftftonogynia.    Sex   Sytt  • 

Deriv.  In  honor  of  M,  Fagon,  a  patron  of  Botany  in  the  times 
of  Louis  XIV. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Suffrutescent  plants  with  spreading  branches : 
sepals  5,  deciduous :  petals  unguiculate :  ovary  acutely  5-angled, 
5-celled,  with  2  pendulous  ovules  in  each  cell :  style  5-angled, 
persistent :  stigma  5 -furrowed  :  capsule  5-coccous  :  cocci  compress- 
ed, 2-valved,  1 -seeded  :  seeds  ovate,  compressed  :  embryo  straight, 
in  fleshy  albumen. 

(1)  F,  MYSORENSIS.    (Roth.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  145. — Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  215.-— 
Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  704. 

Engrav.    Wight's  111.  I.  t.  64. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  opposite,  bistipulate :  stipules  thorny, 
subulate,  very  sharp,  longer  than  the  leaf:  leaflets  linear,  cuspi- 
date :  peduncles  from  between  the  stipules  of  the  opposite  leaves, 
solitary,  1 -flowered:  capsule  pubescent :  flowers  white. 

Mysore.     Southern  Provinces,  on  high  lands. 

GENUS  III.    PEGANUM. 
Dodecandrla  Rlonogynfta*    Sex.-  Sytt: 

Deriv.     From  Peganont  the  Greek  term  for  rue. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  plants:  calyx  5-partite :  stameni 
15,  shorter  than  the  petals,  some  of  them  abortive  :  anthers  linear  : 
style  simple:  stigma  trigonal:  capsule  3-celled,  3-furrowed,  3* 
valved,  many-seeded, 


214 

(1)  P.  HARMALA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     Linn.  Spec.  6038. — Dec.  prod,  I.  p.  712.— Dalz.  Bomb, 
flor.  p.  45. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Stem  herbaceous  :  leaves  multifid  :  lobes  linear : 
flowers  terminal,  white. 

Jndapore,     Bejapore, 


ORDER  XLIII.    RUTACEJE, 

Trees  or  shrubs,  rarely  herbaceous  plants :  leaves  exstipu- 
late,  alternate,  simple  or  deeply  lobed :  calyx  4-5-cleft :  petals 
alternate  with  the  sepals :  stamens  inserted  round  the  base 
of  the  disk :  Anthers  2-celled,  opening  lengthwise :  styles  com- 
bined :  stigma  furrowed :  capsule  usually  4-5-lobed,  the  lobea 
dehiscing  at  the  apex :  seeds  often  by  abortion  fewer  than  the 
ovules,  pendulous  or  adnate :  albumen  fleshy. 

GENUS  I.    CYMINOSMA. 
Octamlrla  Monogynla.    Se.v    Syst  • 

Denv.  From  Kyminon,  cummin,  and  Osme,  smell.  The  fruit 
has  the  smell  of  cummin  seed. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  :  leaves  opposite  :  calyx  deeply 
4-lobed  :  petals  much  longer  than  the  calyx,  revolute  at  the  apex  : 
stamens  longer  than  the  petals  :  filaments  flat,  with  woolly  margins 
near  the  base:  anthers  ovate:  ovary  fleshy,  tomentose,  4-celled, 
with  2  ovules  in  each  cell :  style  short :  stigma  4-furrowed  :  fruit 
drupaceous,  thick,  fleshy,  closely  attached  to  the  nut  :  nut  hard, 
4-celled  :  seeds  solitary  in  each  cell. 

(1)    C,  PEDUNCULATA.       ( Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  147.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  722. 

Syn.  C.  Ankeenda,  Gaertn.  Dec.  1.  c. — Jambolifera  peduncula- 
ta,  Vahl. — Gela  lanceolata,  Lour. — Selas  lanceolatum,  Spreng. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  65.— Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  15. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  elliptical-lanceolate,  obtuse  :  petals 
linear-lanceolate,  thrice  as  long  as  the  calyx  :  corymbs  trichotomous : 
flowers  small,  greenish-white. 

Coromandel.  South  Concans.  Chittagong.  Flowering  in 
March. 


215 


ORDER  ZLIV.    ZANTHOXYLACEJE, 

Trees  or  shrubs:  leaves  exstipulate,  alternate  or  opposite, 
simple  or  pinnate :  flowers  by  abortion  unisexual:  sepals  3-5: 
petals  equal  in  number  to  the  sepals,  generally  imbricated  in 
aestivation :  stamens  as  many,  or  twice  the  number  of  the  pe- 
tals, springing  from  the  base  of  the  disk :  ovary  of  the  same 
number  of  carpels  as  there  are  petals,  combined  or  distinct : 
ovules  2,  rarely  4  in  each  cell :  styles  more  or  less  combined : 
stigma  2-5-lobed  when  the  styles  are  combined,  simple  when 
distinct :  fruit  baccate  or  membranous,  2-5-celled,  sometimes 
consisting  of  several  drupes  or  2-valved  capsules  :  seed  solitary 
or  twin,  pendulous  :  albumen  fleshy. 

GENUS  I.     ZANTHOXYLON. 
Diseeia  Tetramlria.    Sex    St/it: 

Deriv.     From  Zanthos,  yellow,  and  Xylont  wood. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  short :  petals  longer  than  the  sepals.  MALI:! 
stamens  as  many  as  the  petals  :  pistil  rudimentary.  FEMALE  :  sta- 
mens usually  wanting,  sometimes  very  short :  ovaries  as  many  as 
the  petals,  or  less :  ovules  2  in  each  cell,  collateral  :  styles  1  from 
the  apex  of  each  ovary,  distinct  or  united  at  the  apex,  or  scarcely 
any :  capsules  1-5,  sessile  or  stalked,  2-valved,  1-2-seeded  :  seeds 
globose  when  solitary,  when  in  pairs  hemispherical,  shining,  black. 

(1)  Z.  RHETSA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  148.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  728. 

Syn.     Fagara  Rhetsa,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  417. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  34. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  with  large  prickles  over  every  part :  bark 
corky:  leaves  alternate,  equally  pinnated:  leaflets  8-16  pair,  lan- 
ceolate, unequal-sided,  quite  entire  :  panicles  terminal :  petals  and 
stamens  4 :  ovary  solitary  :  stigma  acute  :  capsule  sessile,  solitary, 
globose  :  seed  single  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Mountains  of  Coromandel.     Khandalla.     Cochin. 

(2)    Z.  TETRASPERMUM.      (  W.  fy.  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  148. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  very  prickly;  young  shoots  pubescent: 
petioles  glabrous,  prickly :  leaves  alternate,  pinnate  :  leaflets  few1 


216 

oblong,  obtusely  acuminated,    with  distant    serratures  :    racemes 
compound,  terminal  and  axillary,  almost  without  prickles,  pubes* 
cent:  petals  stamens  and  capsules  4  :  seed  1,  shining,  black. 
Peninsula. 

(3)   Z.  TRIPHYLLUM.      (JliSS.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  45. 

Syn.  Fagara  triphylla,  Linn.  Roxp.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  416. — 2* 
Zeylanicum,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  728. — Evodia  triphylla,  Dec.  prod. 
I.  p.  724. 

Engrav.     Humph.  Amb,  II.  t.  62. — Wight's  Icon.  t.  149. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  without  prickles  t  leaves  opposite,  trifo* 
liolate  :  leaflets  oblong,  somewhat  unequal -sided  at  the  base,  acumi- 
nated :  panicles  axillary,  longer  than  the  petioles  t  capsule  obovate, 
smooth :  flowers  small,  white. 

Western  Ghauts,  flowering  in  April  and  May.  According  to 
Rumplrius,  the  Amboyna  women  prepare  a  cosmetic  from  the  bark, 
and  apply  it  to  improve  their  complexions. 

(4)    Z.  OVAL1FOL1UM.       ( R.   W>) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  169. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  unarmed  :  leaves  alternate,  trifoliolate  { 
leaflets  oval,  somewhat  cuneate  at  the  base,  entire  :  panicles  axil- 
lary, longer  than  the  leaves :  the  short  side  branches  terminating 
in  small  capitate  clusters  of  flowers  :  fruit  about  the  size  of  a  pea, 
1 -seeded. 

Shevagherry  Hills,  flowering  in  August. 

(5)  Z.  SEPIARIUM,     (R.  W.) 
Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  169. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Ramous  shrub,  armed  with  numerous  straight 
prickles :  leaves  trifoliolate,  short-petioled  :  leaflets  oval,  crenulate 
on  the  margin,  coriaceous :  panicles  shorter  than  the  leaves,  few* 
flowered  :  fruit  about  the  size  of  a  pea,  1  -seeded. 

Pulicat  Hills,  near  Madras. 

(6)  Z.  ALATUM.     (Roxb.J 
Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p<  768. 

Syn.  Z.  armatum,  Dec.  prod.  1.  p.  727. — Z.  acanthobodium, 
Dec.  I.  c. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Small  shrub,  armed  with  straight  thorns  :  leaves 
pinnate,  opposite  :  leaflets  oblong,  acuminated  at  both  ends,  entire  : 
petioles  unarmed  :  panicles  terminal  or  subaxillary  :  flowers  small, 
greenish. 

Rochilcund  and  Oude,  flowering  in  the  hot  season, 


217 

(7)  Z.  BUDRUNOA.     (Dec.) 

tdent.     Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  728. 

Syn.     Fagara  Budrunga,  Roxb.fi.  Ind.  I.  p.  417. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  armed  with  small  incurved  prickles  :  leavei 
pinnate  :  leaflets  5-6  pair,  ovate-lanceolate,  unequal-sided,  entire, 
acuminate  :  panicles  contracted  :  petals  and  stamens  4  :  carpel  1  : 
flowers  small,  greenish. 

Assam,  flowering  in  March  and  April.  The  seeds  have  the  fra- 
grance of  lemon  peel,  and  being  of  a  warm  spicy  nature  are  used 
medicinally  by  the  natives. 

GENUS  II.    TODDALIA. 
Peutatidrfa  OTonogynla.    Sex    Syst: 
Deriv.     The  Malabar  name  latinized. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  unisexual :  calyx  4-5-toothed  :  petals 
spreading.  MALE  :  stamens  longer  than  the  petals  :  pistil  rudi- 
mentary, 5-angled.  FEMALE  :  filaments  sterile,  very  short :  ovary 
1,  fleshy,  5-celled  :  ovules  2  :  stigma  nearly  sessile,  5-lobed  : 
fruit  fleshy,  dotted  :  seed  solitary  in  each  cell :  embryo  curved. 

(I)    T.  FLORIBUNDA.        (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  149. 

i%».  T.  aculeata,  Pers.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  83. — T.  Asiatic*, 
Lam. — T,  nitida,  Lam. — T.  rubricaulis,  Willd. — Scopolia  aculeata, 
Roxb.fi.  Ind.  I.  p.  6l6.~Ed.  Wall.  II.  p.  374.— Paullinia  Asia- 
tica,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Wight's  III.  I.  t.  66.— Wall.  pi.  As.  Rar.  III.  t.  3.— 
Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  24.— Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  21. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  with  prickly  stem  and  branches  :  leaves 
alternate,  trifoliate  :  leaflets  sessile,  oblong  to  broad-lanceolate, 
crenulate,  pellucid-dotted  :  midrib  beneath  and  petioles  prickly  or 
occasionally  unarmed  :  racemes  simple  or  compound  :  fruit  5-fur- 
rowed,  3-5-celled  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Coromandel.  South  Concans.  Canara.  Flowering  in  February 
and  March.  The  bark  of  the  root  is  employed  as  a  cure  in  inter- 
mittent fevers.  The  ripe  berries  which  are  as  pungent  as  black 
pepper  are  pickled  by  the  natives.  (Roxb.) 

GENUS  III.     DIPETALUM. 
Diceeia  Hexaitdrla.    Sex:  Sytt: 
Deriv.     From  Dis,  double,  and  Petahn,  a  petal. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  dioecious  :  petals  2,  much  larger  than  th« 
calyx,  deeply  concave,  cup-shaped,  imbricated  in  aestivation  :  sta- 
mens 6  in  the  male  flowers  :  rudimentary  ovary  2- cleft  at  the  apex. 


2J8 

(1)  D.   BILOC'UIARE.       (Dalt.) 

tdcTit.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  38. 

Syn.     Toddaliu  bilocularis,  W.  $  A.  prod.  I.  p.  149. 

STKC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  uppper  part  without  prickles  :  Jeatct 
Alternate,  trifoliate  :  leaflets  equally  stalked,  elliptic-lanceolate, 
acuminated  at  both  ends,  pellucid-dotted,  quite  entire :  lateral 
teins  paiallcl  :  panicles  axillary  and  terminal :  fruit  globose,  2-« 
celled. 

Peninsula.     Canara.     Flowering  in  April  and  May. 

GENUS  IV.     AILANTHUS. 
Poly^amta  Moiiferift.    Sex    Sy*t: 

Derio.  From  Ailantos,  the  Chinese  name  of  one  of  the  species* 
GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft :  petals  5.  MALE:  stamens  10: 
ovaries  rudimentary,  5  or  fewer,  distinct.  FEMALE  :  stamens 
partly  abortive  :  ovaries  3-celled,  distinct,  compressed  :  styles 
arising  from  a  notch  on  the  inner  angle  of  the  ovaries,  distinct  al 
the  base  and  bearing  at  the  point  of  union  at  the  apex,  about  5 
long  stigmas  :  samane  (wings)  seveial,  oblong,  compressed,  swollen 
and  1-ceHed  in  the  middle. 

(1)  A.  EXCELSA.     (Roxb,) 

Jdcnt.  TV.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  150.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind,  II.  p.  450, 
— DLC.  piod.  II.  p.  89. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  23.-— Wight's  111.  I.  t.  ()7. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Tall  tr-^c  :  leaves  abruptly  pinnated,  ycnng  ones 
tomentosc  :  leaflets  coarsely  toothed  at  the  base  :  petals  almost  gla- 
brous within:  flowers  fascicled  in  large,  branched,  terminal  pani-' 
ties:  wings  linear-oblong:  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Coiomandel.  Broach  and  Baroda.  Deccan.  Flowering  in  the 
cold  season. 

(2)  A.  MALABARICA.     (Dec.) 

Jdcnt.  W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  150. — Dec.  prod.  tl.  p.  80.— 
Drury's  Useful  Plants,  p.  23. 

Engrav.     Rhecde  Mai.  VI.  t.  15.— Wight's  Icon.  t.  1604. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tall  tree:  leaves  abruptly  pinnated,  glabrous? 
leaflet*  quite  entire,  ovate-lanceolate,  unequal-sided,  abruptly  acu- 
minate :  male  panicles  large :  peduncles  and  calyx  pubescent : 
petals  glabrous,  much  longer  than  the  calyx  :  filaments  longer  than 
petals  :  wings  oval,  oblong,  obtuse  at  both  ends :  flowers  small, 
white. 

Canara  and  Travancore,  flowering  in  February  and  March.     Th« 


219 

resinous  juice  which  exudes  from  the  bark  is  an  excellent  remedy 
iii  dysenteiic  affections,  owing  to  its  balsamic  propeities. 

GENUS  V.     MEL1COPE. 
Ortatulria 


Deriv.  From  Meli,  honey,  and  Kope,  division,  alluding  to  the 
4  honey  glands  at  the  base  of  the  ovaiies. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  4-cleft:  petals  4,  spreading  :  stamens  shorter 
than  the  petals:  filaments  subulate:  (/vanes  4,  with  4  large  didy- 
nious  glands  at  the  base:  stales  4,  combined,  and  terminated  by  a 
thick  tetragonal  stigma:  carpels  4,  each  1  -seeded. 

(1)   M.  IxDici.     (R.  Ur.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  HF. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1031. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Shrub  or  small  tree  :  leaves  somewhat  alternate* 
glabrous,  tapering  below,  abruptly  and  shortly  acuminated,  simple* 
obovate  :  flowers  long-pedunclcd,  about  3  together:  capsules  4> 
dehiscing  above:  flowcis  pale-yellow. 

Woods  near  the  Avalanche  bungalow  and  Sisparah  Ghaut,  Neil- 
ghcrries.  Flowering  in  February. 

ORDER  XLV.    SIMARUBACEJE. 

Flowers  usually  bisexual  :  calyx  4-5-cleft  :  petals  alternate 
with  the  sepals,  hypogynous,  spreading  or  combined  into  a  tube: 
twisted  in  aestivation  :  stamens  twice  as  many  as  the  petals  : 
filaments  arising  from  the  back  of  a  scale:  anthers  opening 
lengthwise  :  ovaries  5  :  ovules  solitary  in  each  cell  :  styles  dis- 
tinct at  the  base,  united  at  the  apex  :  stigmas  4-5,  distinct  or 
combined:  fruit  of  4-5  indehiscent  drupes:  seeds  pendulous: 
albumen  none. 

GENUS  T.     SAMAOKRA. 
Oetaiulrla  Monogynia.    Sc*    £^/ 

GEN  CHAR.  Flowers  bisexual  :  calyx  4-5-cleft:  petals  much 
longer  'than  the  calyx:  stamens  8-10,  shorter  than  the  petals: 
ovaries  4-5  :  styles  distinct  at  the  base,  uniting  together  into  one, 
which  is  terminated  by  an  acute  stigma:  fiuil  diupaceous,  consist- 
ing of  one  or  more  caipcls. 


220 

(1)  S.  LNDICA.     (Gaertn.} 

Idtnt.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  131.— Gaertn.  fr.  II.  p.  352, 

Syn.  Niota  pentapetala,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  592. — N,  Lamarcki- 
ana,  Blume. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VI,  t.  18.— Wight's  111.  I.  t.  68. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  alternate,  oblong-elliptical :  flower- 
bearing  peduncle  longer  than  the  leaves,  pendulous,  umbellate  at 
the  apex:  sepals  4-5,  each  marked  \vith  an  external  gland  :  drupe 
with  a  very  thick  pericarp,  somewhat  angled  :  flowers  white, 

Cochin  and  Malabar,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 


ORDER  XLVL    OCHNACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs  with  alternate,  simple,  stipulate  leaves  :  se- 
pals 5,  persistent,  imbricated  in  aestivation :  petals  5,  hypogy- 
nous,  deciduous,  spreading,  imbricated  in  aestivation :  stamens 
alternate  with  the  petals,  5-10,  or  indefinite :  anthers  2-celled, 
erect,  opening  by  pores:  ovaries  distinct,  rarely  combined; 
ovules  solitary,  erect :  styles  combined  into  one,  springing  from 
the  disk  between  the  bases  of  the  ovaries :  carpels  drupaceous, 
indehiscent :  seeds  solitary :  albumen  none ;  embryo  straight, 

GENUS  I.     OCHNA, 
Poly  and  r  la  monogynla.    Sex  •  Sy*t. 

Deriv.  From  Ochne,  the  Greek  name  of  the  wild  pear,  allud- 
ing to  a  resemblance  in  the  foliage. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Petals  5-10:  stamens  numerous:  filaments  per- 
sistent: anthers  opening  by  a  double  cleft  at  the  apex:  ovaries 
distinct :  leaf-buds  scaly. 

(1)  O.  SQUARROSA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  152.~Linn.  Sp.  p.  781. — Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  643. 

Syn.  O.  obtusata,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  735. — O.  lucida,  Lam.  Dec. 
I.e. 

Engrav.  Wight's  111.  I.  t.  69.— Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  89.— Lam. 
111.  t.  472,  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  from  narrow-oblong  to  oblong- 
ovate,  obtuse  or  acute,  serrated  ;  racemes  springing  from  th«  apex  of 


221 

a  ihort,  lateral,  almost  leafless  shoot :  pedicels  elongated:  sepalt 
oval:  petals  and  ovaries  7-12:  stigma  capitate:  anthers  linear, 
elongated  :  flowers  yellow,  fragrant. 

Peninsula.    Assam.    Flowering  in  February  and  March* 

(2)   0,  WlOHTIANA.      (Wall) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  152. 

Syn.    0.  Heyneana,  W.  $  A. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  I.  t.  223. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Leaves  ovate,  rounded  at  the  base,  slightly  icrru- 
lated :  pedicels  solitary  or  twin,  from  the  apex  of  a  short  leaflet! 
ihoot :  sepals  oval :  petals  and  ovaries  5  :  stigma  capitate. 

Travancore, 

(3)  0.  NANA.     (Ham.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  46. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  shrub,  2  feet  high  :  leaves  narrow,  oblong- 
lanceolate,  minutely  serrulated:  flowers  loosely  pedicellate  on  axil- 
lary peduncles,  large,  bright-yellow. 

South  Concans. 

GENUS  II.    GOMPHIA. 
Decandrla  Honogynla.    Sex.-  Syit: 

Dcriv*  From  Gomphos,  a  club,  alluding  to  the  club-shaped 
fruit. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Petals  5  :  filaments  scarcely  any :  anthers  long, 
pyramidal,  opening  by  a  double  pore  at  the  apex :  ovaries  distinct. 

(1)   G.   ANGUST1FOLIA.      (Valll) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  152.— Dec.  prod.  I.  p.  736. 

Syn.  G.  Zeylanica,  Dec.  I.  <?.— G.  Malabarica,  Dec.  I  «.— 
Ochna  Zeylanica,  Lam. 

Engrav.    Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  56.— Rheede  Mai.  V.  t.  48. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree:  leaves  elliptic-oblong,  acuminated  at 
both  ends,  slightly  serrulated :  racemes  compound,  springing  from 
the  apex  of  a  leaf-bearing  branch:  sepals  broadly  oval,  shorter  than 
the  petals :  carpels  obovate,  kidney-shaped  :  flowers  middle-iiaed, 
yellowish. 

Trpvancort  and  Southern  Provinces. 


222 


ORDER  XLVII.    PITTOSPORACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs,  with  simple,  alternate,  exstipulate  leaves  : 
sepals  5,  deciduous,  distinct  or  partially  cohering,  imbricate  in 
(estivation  ;  petals  5,  hypogynous,  imbricate  in  aestivation ;  sta- 
mens 5,  distinct,  alternate  with  the  petals:  ovary  solitary,  2- 
5-cellecl :  style  1 :  stigma  2-5-lobed  :  fruit  baccate  or  capsular : 
cells  many-seeded,  usually  incomplete :  seeds  covered  with  a 
glutinous  pulp  or  with  an  aril :  albumen  fleshy. 

GENUS  I.     PITTOSPORUM. 
Pentaiiilria  Ufoiiog-yiiia.    Se*  •  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Pitte,  resin,  and  Sporos,  a  seed.  The  seeds  are 
covered  with  resinous  pulp. 

Gr.N,  CHAR.  Shrubs  with  permanent  entire  leaves  :  sepals  and 
petals  5  :  the  claws  of  the  petals  forming  a  tube :  capsule  2-3- 
vulved,  1 -celled. 

(1)   P.  FLORIBUNDUM.     (W.fyA.} 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  154. 

Syn.  Celastrus  verticellata,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  024. — Senacia 
Nepaulensis,  Dec.  prod.  I.  p  317. — P.  Zeylanicum,  R.  W. 

Srtr.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  elliptiolanceolate,  glabrous  : 
margins  waved :  racemes  terminal,  aggregated,  many-flowered  : 
sepals  much  shorter  than  the  corolla,  concave,  ciliated  at  the  apex  ; 
petals  linear  :  ovary  hairy  :  stigmas  2-lobed  :  ovules  4-6  in  each 
cell :  capsule  2-valved,  compressed,  3-4-seeded  :  flowers  small, 
whitish. 

Peninsula,     Columala.    Flowering  from  January  to  June, 

(2)  P.  NEJLGHERRENSE.     (  W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  154. 
Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  70. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  elliptic-lanceolate,  glabrous :  racemes  ter- 
minal, 2-3  together,  few-flowered  :  sepals  much  shorter  than  the 
corolla,  lanceolate,  flat,  slightly  ciliated  :  petals  linear:  ovary  hairy  : 
stigma  2-lobed:  ovules  4-0  in  each  cell :  capsule  compressed,  2* 
valved,  4-0-seeded :  valves  thick:  flowers  yellowibh-gieen. 

Ntilgherries, 


223 

(3)    P.  TETRASPERMUM.       (W.   %  A.) 

tdent.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  154. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t,  43, 

SPEC.  CIMR.  Large  shrub:  leaves  elliptic-oblong,  acute,  coria- 
ceous, margins  slightly  recurved :  peduncles  aggregated  into  a 
terminal  sessile  umbel,  pubescent :  sepals  lanceolate,  much  shortei 
than  the  corolla,  pubescent :  petals  linear :  ovary  hairy  :  stigmas 
4-lobed  :  ovules  2  in  each  cell :  capsule  nearly  globose^  somewhat 
compressed,  4-seeded  :  valves  thick :  flowers  yellow. 

Ootacamund*  flowering  in  February  and  March. 


ORDER  XLVIII.    CELASTRACE^. 

Trees  or  shrubs  with  alternate,  seldom  opposite  leaves :  se- 
pals 4-5,  united  at  the  base,  imbricated  :  petals  as  many  as  the 
sepals  and  alternating  with  them,  inserted  under  the  margin  oi 
the  disk,  sometimes  wanting,  imbricated :  stamens  as  many  as 
the  petals,  inserted  into  the  disk,  cither  at  the  margin  or  with- 
in it :  anthers  2-celled,  innate  :  disk  large,  flat,  fleshy,  closely 
surrounding  the  ovary,  and  covering  the  bottom  of  the  calyx 
ovary  2-5-celled :  cells  with  2  ovules,  sometimes  only  one  01 
several :  styles  2-5,  usually  combined,  sometimes  distinct :  frui 
2-5-celled,  drupaceous  or  capsular,  3-4-valved  :  seeds  with  01 
without  an  aril :  albumen  usually  fleshy  :  embryo  straight. 

GENUS  I.     TURP1NIA. 
folygamia  IMoctia.    SPJ  .  Syst 

Dent).  In  honor  of  M.  Turpin,  a  distinguished  French  Botani 
cal  Artist  and  Naturalist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  :  calyx  5-partite,  persistent :  pe 
tals  5  :  stamens  5,  inserted  under  the  margin  of  the  disk  :  anther; 
ovate,  dehiscing  lengthwise :  carpels  3,  follicular,  afterwards  com- 
bined :  ovules  2-8  in  each  carpel :  styles  3  :  stigmas  flat,  wedge- 
shaped  :  berry  3-celled :  seeds  1-3  in  each  cell,  truncated  at  th< 
hilum. 

(I)  T.  NEPAULENSIS.     (Wall.) 

Idrnt.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  150. 

v,     Wight's  Icon.  t.  972. — Spicil.  t.  44. 


224 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Trte  :  leaves  opposite,  unequally  pinnated  :  Itaf- 
lets  3-5,  oblong-lauceolate,  acuminated,  serrated  :  panicles  oppo- 
site :  ovules  usually  3  in  each  cell  r  berry  marked  on  the  outside 
with  3  small,  distant  points  :  flowers  white. 

Neilgherries,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)  T.  POMIFERA.     ( Dec.) 
Ident.    Dec.  prod,  II.  p.  3. 

Syn.     Dairy mplea  pomifera,  Rozb.Jl.  Ind.  L  p.  633* 
Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  279, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaflets  3-7  :  panicles  opposite,  broad- 
er than  long  :  fruit  orange-coloured  :  flowers  yellowish-white. 

Silhet,  where  it  id  called  Junckyjam. 

GENUS  II.    ELCEODENDRON. 
Peiitaiiclrla  HEonogyiila.    Sex .-  Syst 

Deriv.  From  Elaia,  an  olive,  and  Dendron,  a  tree.  The  fruil 
somewhat  resembles  an  olive. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Small  trees,  with  opposite  leaves :  calyx  5-par- 
tite  :  petals  5,  expanding :  disk  5-angled,  thick  and  fleshy :  anth- 
ers 5,  with  a  thick  connectivum  at  the  back  :  filaments  at  length 
recurved  :  ovary  immersed  in  the  disk  :  style  short,  conical :  stigma 
obtuse :  fruit  drupaceous,  dry  or  pulpy :  nut  1-2-celled :  seeds 
usually  solitary,  rarely  in  pairs,  with  a  membranaceous  or  spongy 
covering :  albumen  none, 

(1)  E.  ROXBURGHII.     (W.  $•  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  157. 

Syn.  Nerija  dichotoma,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  646. — Ed.  Wall, 
II.  p.  444. — Rhamnus  Nerija,  Spr. — E.  paniculatum,  W.  fy  A. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  71. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  opposite,  elliptical  or  ovate, 
crenate-serrated,  young  ones  glaucous  :  cymes  lax,  dichotomous, 
about  half  the  length  of  the  leaves,  usually  wiih  a  solitary  flower 
in  the  fork  :  drupe  roundish,  1-celled :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Courtallum  and  mountainous  parts  of  Coromandel.     Sattara. 

(2)  E.  GLAUCUM.     (Dalz.) 
Ident..     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  318. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Middle  sized  tree  :  leaves  opposite,  quite  smoothj 
serrated :  petiole  channelled  :  fruit  oblong,  green. 

Waste  places  and  hills  inland  from  the  Western  Ghauts, 


223 

GENtfS  III.    PLBUROSTYLIA, 
Peiitandria  Utonogynia.    Sev:  Syst: 

Deriv.     From  Pleuron,  a  rib,  and  Style,  the  style. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-partite :  petals  5,  with  a  broad  base  ; 
filaments  flat,  shorter  than  the  petals  :  anthers  with  a  broad  con- 
hectivum  at  the  ba6k  :  disk  crenulated  :  ovary  half  immersed  iii 
the  disk,  1-celled  by  abortion :  ovules  2  :  styles  short  and  thick, 
with  a  somewhat  peltate  stigma  :  fruit  1-celled,  marked  on  one 
side  about  the  middle  :  endocarp  with  several  irregular  clefts  at 
the  base  :  seed  solitary,  covered  by  the  endocarp  like  an  aril :  albu- 
men copious  and  fleshy. 

(1)  P.  WIOIITII.     (W.fyA.) 
tdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  157. 

Syn.  P.  Heynii,  W.  $  A. — Celastrus  opposita,  Roxb.  f,.  Indt 
(Ed.  Wall.)  II.  p.  398. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  155. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  opposite,  elliptic-oblong,  entire^ 
whitish  :  peduncles  axillary  and  terminal,  very  short  and  few-flow- 
ered :  fruit  indehiscent,  l~2-celled. 

Western  Ghauts. 

GENUS  IV.     CELASTRUS, 
Peittamlrla  Ufoiiogyitla.    Sex    Syst 

Deriv.     From  Kelas,   the  latter  season,  a  name  applied  to  c 
tain  trees  which  were  late  in  ripening  their  fruits. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  with  alternate  leaves :  calyx  5-parteu  i 
petals  5,  sessile:  disk  orbicular:  ovary  sessile  or  half  immersed^ 
2-3-celled  :  ovules  usually  twin  :  styles  entire,  or  2-3-cleft :  cap- 
feiile  2-3-celled:  seeds  1-2  in  each  cell:  albumen  fleshy. 

(1)    C.  PANICULATA.       (Willd.) 

tdent.  W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  158.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  C21.— 
Ed.  Wall.  II.  p.  388.—Dec.  prod.  IP.  p.  6. 

Syn.  C.  nutans,  Roxb. — Dec.  prod.  I.  r« — C.  Rothiana,  Schult. 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  8. — Ceanothus  paniculatus,  Ileyne.  Roth.  Novt 
Sp.  p.  154. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  138.— Wight's  111.  I.  t.  72. 

Spfcc.  CHAR.  A  climbing  unarmed  shrub :  young  shoots  and 
flower-bearing  branches  pendulous :  leaves  broadly-oval  or  ovate^ 
suddenly  acuminated,  slightly  serrated :  racemes  terminal,  com- 
pound, elongated,  much  longer  than  the  upper  leaves ,  sepala 


22(5 

toumlccl,  ciliated :    capsule  globose,  3-celled,  3-6-seeded  t    seeds 
'with  a  complete  aril :  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Neilgherries.  Western  Ghauts.  Hilly  parts  of  the  Concan. 
Rajmahal  Hills.  Flowering  from  March  to  May.  An  empyreu* 
ma  tic  oil  is  extracted  from  the  seeds,  which  has  been  successfully 
employed  in  Beriberi. 

(2)  C.  HEYNEANA.    (Roth>) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  159.— Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  7. 
Syn.     C.  serrulata,  Roth. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  unarmed  shrub:  leaves  elliptical,  coriaceous, 
slightly  crenate-serrated  :  cymes  axillary,  dichotomously  com* 
pound,  not  half  the  length  of  the  leaves  :  capsules  large>  turbinate, 
3-celled,  3-angled  :  seeds  about  2  in  each  cell, 

Peninsula. 

(3)  C.  ROTIIIANA.     (W.  $  A.} 

Idenl.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  159. 

Syn.     C.  serrulata,  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  pt  156. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Unarmed :  young  branches  short,  with  a  few  al- 
ternate leaves,  or  almost  none  with  fascicled  leaves :  leaves  broadly 
obovate,  crenate-serrated,  tapering  suddenly  into  the  petiole : 
cymes  much  shorter  than  the  leaves,  dichotomous,  axillary  or  ter- 
minal on  the  young  shoots  or  fascicled  from  the  tubercles  of  the 
older  branches. 

Peninsula. 

(4)  C.  WALLICIHANA.     (Spr.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  L  p.  159. 

Syn.     C.  rigida,    Roxb.  fl.   Ind.   (Ed.  Wall.)  II.  p.  396.-— C, 

buxifolia,  Roxb.  Hort.  Bong.  p.  18. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches  flexuose,  thorny:  young  shoots  and 
thorns  with  a  polished,  spotted  baik  !  thorns  bearing  both  leaves 
and  flowers  :  leaves  coriaceous,  obovate,  slightly  crenulate,  attenu- 
ated at  the  base :  cymes  from  among  the  leaves,  dichotomous,  few- 
flowered,  much  shorter  than  the  leaves :  capsules  roundish,  3»an« 
gled  :  flowers  small,  yellowish -green. 

Travancore,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 
(5)  C.  OVATA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  159. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  short-petioled,  roundish-ovate,  slightly 
pordatc  at  the  base,  minutely  crcnate-toothed,  very  hard  and  thick, 


227 

brown  when  dried :  peduncles  axillary,  short :  capsule  turbinate> 
3-angled  :  flowers  numerous,  short-pedicclled. 
Peninsula. 

(6)    C.  MONTANA.       (Roxb.J 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.   159.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  620. 
Ed.  Wall.  II.  p.  387.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  9. 
Synt     C.  crenata,  Roth. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  382. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree,  thorny :  leaves  elliptic  or  obovate, 
tapering  into  the  petiole,  minutely  and  sharply  crenate-senated, 
coriaceous :  cymes  axillary,  lax,  peduncled,  twice  as  long  as  the 
petiole :  style  deeply  divided :  capsules  somewhat  globose,  3-an- 
gled,  size  of  a  pea  :  flowers  small,  greenish-white. 

Coromandel.  Hills  of  the  Deccan.  Guzerat.  Flowering  in 
March.  The  ovary  and  capsule  are  occasionally  only  2-ccllcd, 
and  the  young  branches  are  sometimes  pointed  with  a  thorn.  (W. 
&  A.) 

(7)    C.  EMARG1NATA.       (WHld.) 

Ident.  W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  160.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  620.— 
Ed.  Wall.  II.  p.  387.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  8.— Willd.  Sp.  I.  p.  1128. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  branches  flexuose  and  thorny  :  leaves 
obovate,  obtuse  or  emarginate,  quite  entire,  thick,  hard  and  coria- 
ceous, pale  and  shining  :  peduncles  axillary,  very  short  or  want- 
ing, bearing  several  fascicled  or  1-flowered  pedicels  :  capsules  3- 
angled,  black  when  dry  :  flowers  whitibh-yelluw. 

Coromandel,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(8)    C.  MONOSPERMA.      (Roxb.} 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  625.— Ed.  Wall.  II.  p.  391. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  :  leaves  oblong,  serrulated  :  pa- 
nicles linear,  axillary  and  terminal,  longer  than  the  leaves  :  cap- 
sules 3-valved,  1 -seeded :  seed  covered  with  an  aril :  flowers 
small,  numerous,  greenish-yellow. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

(9)  C,  ROBUSTA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  626.— Ed.  Wall.  II.  p.  395. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaves  lanceolate,  entire,  shining :  ra- 
cemes axillary,  as  long  as  the  leaves  :  capsules  1 -celled,  2-valved  : 
flowers  small,  greenish-yellow. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  August. 


223 

GE1STUS  V.     EUONYMUS. 
PeiiiaiKlrla  Moitogyiila.    Sex-  Sy«t,< 

Leriv.     From  Eu,  good,  and  Onoroa,  a  name,  meaning 
named. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs,  sometimes  climbing  by  means  of 
roots  from  the  stems  :  leaves  opposite  :  peduncles  axillary :  calyx 
4-5-parted:  petals  4-5,  sessile:  <Jisk  orbicular :  stamens  4-5,  in- 
serted between  the  margin  of  the  disk  and  the  ovary  :  anthers  with 
a  thick  connectivum  at  the  back  :  ovary  immersed,  with  as  many 
cells  as  petals :  style  short  and  thick  :  stigmas  united,  obtuse  or 
lobed  :  capsules  4-5-celled,  4-5-valved :  seeds  1-2  in  each  cell. 

(1)  E.  DICHOTOMIC.     (Hey\\e.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  160.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall,) 
II.  p,  410. 

Syn.    E.  Indicus,  Heyne.  W.  $  A.  prod.  I.  c. 

SFEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  coriaceous,  from  oblong-lanceolate  to 
ovate-lanceolate,  tapering  at  both  ends,  blunt  at  the  point,  quite 
entire  ;  peduncles  solitary  or  2-3-together,  few-flowered,  from, 
simple  to  2-3-dichotomous,  much  shorter  than  the  leaves :  petals 
5,  orbicular:  style  scarcely  any:  stigma  blunt:  unripe  capsule 
club-shaped,  tapering  downwards,  elongated,  iu  vertex  5-lobed. 

Courtallum  and  Colemala. 

(2)  E.  CRENULATUS.     (Wall.) 

Jdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  161. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  45. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  elliptical,  obtuse,  crenulate-serrated 
towards  the  apex,  coriaceous:  peduncles  solitary,  shorter  than  the 
leaves,  1-2-dichotomous,  few-flowered :  petals  5-6,  orbicular :  sta- 
mens very  short :  margin  of  the  disk  free :  stigma  blunt,  somewhat 
imbricated :  capsules  5-celled,  lobed  at  the  apex  :  seed  solitary  in, 
each  cell :  aril  small :  flowers  dull-purple. 

Neilgherries. 

(3)  E.  GOUGHII.     (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  178. 

Engrav,     Wight's  Icon.  t.  615, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby  :  leaves  somewhat  3-nerved,  quite  en- 
tire, oblong-ovate,  acute  at  both  ends :  peduncles  axillary,  short, 
1-8-flowered  :  petals  5,  orbicular,  fringed :  stamens  inserted  on  the 
ilisk  :  ovary  immersed,  5-celled. 

Neilgherries.     Mangellee 


229 

(4)    E.  ACUTANOULUS.       (R.    W.} 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I,  p.  178. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Younger  branches  acutely  4-angled  :  leaves  cori- 
aceous, quite  entire,  ovate,  acuminated  :  cymes  axillary,  2-3-dicho- 
tomous  :  capsules  conical,  broad,  truncated  above,  tapering  down- 
wards, 5-celled. 

Neilgherries. 

(5)    E.  ANGULATUS.       ( R.    W.) 

Jdent.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1053, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  branchlets  4-angled  and  furrowed  between : 
leaves  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminate,  quite  entire  ;  cymes  axillary, 
dichotomous,  lax  :  flowers  long-pedicelled  :  calyx  ciliated  :  petals 
orbicular  :  capsule  5-celled  :  cells  1 -seeded  by  abortion  :  seed  par- 
tially covered  with  an  aril  and  with  the  remains  of  the  aborted 
ovule  :  flowers  dull-purple. 

Slopes  of  the  Neilgherries,  below  Sisparah,  on  the  banks  of 
streams,  flowering  in  February. 

(0)    E.  GLABER.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  628.— Ed.  Wall.  II.  p.  403. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree:  leaves  oblong,  smooth:  peduncles 
2-S -dichotomous,  with  a  single  flower  in  each  fork  ;  flowers  green- 
ish-white. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  May. 

GENUS  VI.     LOPHOPETALUM. 
Pentandria  Monogyiiia.    Seu  .•  Sy»t. 

Deriv.     From  Lophos,  a  crest,  and  Petalon,  a  petal. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  with  opposite  leaves  :  calyx  5- 
lobed  :  petals  5,  sessile,  usually  furnished  with  a  crest,  and  covered 
near  the  base  with  the  lobes  of  the  disk ;  disk  thick  and  fleshy  : 
stamens  inserted  on  the  disk  :  anthers  versatile,  ovate,  2-celled  : 
ovary  free,  3-celled  :  ovules  in  a  double  series,  4-12  in  each  cell : 
style  short,  persistent  :  stigma  obtuse. 

(I)  L.  WIGHTIANUM.     (Arn.) 

Ident.     Wight's  111.  I.  p.  178.—  Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  48. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  16?. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  middle-sized  ;  leaves  elliptic-oblong,  slight- 
ly acuminated,  quite  entire,  coriaceous,  slightly  villous  beneath : 
corymbs  terminal :  fruit  sharply  triangular :  seeds  compressed, 
mrrounded  by  a  long  linear  wing. 


230 

GENUS  VII,    MICBOTROPIS. 
Pentaiitlria  Monogynla.    Sex    Syst : 

Deriv.  From  Micros,  small,  and  Tropis,  a  keel,  alluding  to  the 
scaly  appendage  at  the  base  of  the  petals. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  trees  with  entire  opposite  exstipulate 
leaves:  calyx  5-partite:  petals  5,  inserted  into  the  outer  margin 
of  the  disk :  stamens  rising  from  the  edge  of  the  disk :  anthers 
introrse,  sometimes  alternating  with  short  epipetalous  scales  :  ovary 
2-celled  :  cells  2-ovuled  :  style  short :  stigma  obscurely  4-lobed  : 
capsule  1 -celled,  2-valved,  usually  dehiscing  on  one  side  only : 
seeds  solitary,  rarely  twin  :  albumen  copious. 

(1)  M.  MICROCARPA,     (/?.  jr.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  975.— Spicil.  I.  t  46. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect  shrub  :  leaves  ovate,  mucronate,  entire, 
glaucous  beneath :  petals  obovate,  broad  at  the  apex  :  cymes  axil- 
lary, dichotomous,  shorter  than  the  leaves  :  capsule  slightly  attenu- 
ated at  the  base,  pointed:  testa  of  a  rusty  brown  colour:  flowers 
small,  white. 

Kotagherry,  flowering  in  July  and  August. 

(2)  M.  OVALIFOLIA.     (R.  W.) 
Ident.     Wight's  Spicil.  T,  p.  40. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  branched  shrub,  somewhat  diffuse  :  leaves 
oval,  rounded  at  both  ends  :  cymes  axillary,  trichotomous,  shorter 
than  the  leaves :  petals  orbicular  :  fruit  oblong-oval :  testa  crimson. 

Ootacamund,  flowering  in  February  and  March. 

(3)  M.  RAMIFLORA.       (R.    W .) 

Ident.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  p.  40. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  48. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  middling  size:  leaves  subsessile,  slightly 
cordate  at  the  base,  obtuse  or  slightly  emarginate,  reflexed,  very 
coriaceous  :  flowers  subsessile,  densely  clustered  on  the  branches : 
petals  somewhat  obovate  :  fruit  oblong  :  testa  reddish-orange  co- 
lour :  flowers  white. 

Ootacamund. 

(4)  M.  DENSIFLORA.       (R. 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1052, 


23 1 

Si>Ec.  CHAR.  Shrub  or  small  tree:  loaves  broadly-oval,  oblusa, 
somewhat  attenuated  at  the  base,  coriaceous  :  cymes  axillary, 
erect,  many-flowered,  much  shorter  than  the  leaves  :  capsule  slen- 
der, cylindrical,  pointed,  2-valved  :  testa  crimson  :  flowers  white. 

Western  slopes  of  the  Neilgherries,  below  Sisparah,  flowering  in 
February. 

(5)  M.  OARCINIFOLIA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 

Syn.  Euonymous  garcinifolius,  lloxl.  fl,  Ind.  I.  p.  628. — Ed. 
Wall.  II.  p.  403.— E.  lacerus,  Buck.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  5.— Cas- 
sine  discolor,  Wall. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  761. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  lanceolar,  acuminated,  entire  : 
corymbs  axillary,  small,  few-flowered  :  capsule  2-valved,  dehiscing 
from  the  base :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Silhet,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 


ORDER  XLIX.    RHAMNACE^E. 

Trees  or  shrubs,  often  with  thorns :  leaves  alternate,  with 
small  stipules :  calyx  4-5-cleft,  valvate :  petals  distinct,  inserted 
into  the  throat  of  the  calyx,  sometimes  wanting :  stamens  defi- 
nite, opposite  the  petals :  ovary  free  or  immersed  or  adherent 
to  the  tube  of  the  calyx,  2-4-celled :  ovules  solitary :  fruit  fleshy 
and  in  dehiscent  or  dry  and  separating  in  3  divisions :  seeds 
erect :  albumen  fleshy. 

GENUS  T.     ZIZYPHUS. 
Pentandria  Moiiogyitia.    Sex.  Syst 

Deriv.     From  Zisouf,  the  Arabic  name  for  the  lotus. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  trees ;  stipules  usually  2,  thorny,  one 
straight,  the  other  recurved  or  solitary  and  spinescent,  rarely  both 
caducous :  leaves  alternate,  3-nervcd :  cymes  axillary :  calyx 
patent,  5-cleft:  petals  obovate,  unguiculate:  stamens  exserted  : 
anthers  ovate,  2-celled,  opening  lengthwise :  disk  pentagonal  : 
ovary  2-3-celled,  immersed :  styles  2-3,  diverging  or  combined  : 
fruit  fleshy,  containing  a  1-2-cclled  nut ;  seeds  compressed,  very 
smooth. 


232 

(I)  Z.  RuoosA.    (Ldm.) 

tdent.     Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  20. — W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  162, 
Syn.     Z.  latifolia,  Roxb.  ft.  Ind.  I.  p.  607.—£<i.    Wall.  II.  p. 

355. — 7)ec.  J.  c.— -Z.  panieulata,  //er&,  Jlfarfr,    Z)ec.  J.  c, — Z.  obli* 

qua,  Heyne  in  Roth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  160. — Dec.  I.  c. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  339. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  broadly  oval,  serrated,  young 
ones  downy  beneath,  old  ones  glabrous  except  on  the  nerves : 
prickles  short,  usually  solitary,  densely  pubescent  at  the  base  : 
cymes  long-peduncled,  forming  a  terminal  panicle  on  the  leafless 
branches :  ovary  2-celled :  styles  2,  united  at  the  base :  drupe 
obovate:  nut  1-celled,  1 -seeded:  flowers  small,  greenish. 

Travancore.  Western  Ghauts.  Silhet  and  Assam.  Flowering 
in  March,  Fruit  eaten  by  the  natives. 

(2)  2.  GLAtiRATA.     (ffeyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  162. 

Syn.  Z.  trinervia,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  6Q6.~Ed.  Wall.  II.  p, 
854.  (not  Pair.) 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  282. 

SPEC.  CHAR*  Small  tree,  unarmed :  leaves  ovate-oblong,  obtuse, 
crenate-serrated,  glabrous,  coriaceous  :  cymes  scarcely  longer  than 
the  petioles  :  stipules  cadudous  :  ovary  2-celled :  styles  2  :  drupe 
tltrbinate  :  nut  hard  and  thick,  wrinkled,  compressed,  1 -2-cell- 
ed :  flowers  small,  greenish-yellow. 

Mysore,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(3)  Z.  XYLOPYRA.     (Wllld,) 

tdent.  W.  &  A,  prod,  I.  p.  162.— Willd.  Sp.  1.  p.  1104.— 
Koxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  611.— Ed.  Wall.  II.  p.  360.— Dec.  prod.  II, 
p.  21. 

Syn.  Z.  elliptica,  Roxb.— Z.  Caracutta,  Roxb. — Z.  rotundifolia, 
ftoth.  Nov.  Sp.  p.  160.— Z.  orbicularis,  Schult.  Dec.  prod.  II.  pt 
21. — Rhamnus  xylopyrus,  Retz  Obs.  II.  p.  11. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  prickles  solitary  or  twin  or  wanting  :  leaves 
broadly  elliptical  or  orbicular,  obtuse,  serrulated,  under  side  pale 
and  softly  pubescent,  upper  pubescent  when  young  :  cymes  short : 
ovary  3-celled :  styles  3,  united  below :  drupe  turbinate  :  nut  hard, 
slightly  wrinkled,  3-celled :  flowers  small,  greenish-yellow. 

Courtallum.  Western  Ghauts.  Upper  Provinces.  Flowering 
in  the  rainy  season.  The  fruit  is  used  by  shoe-makers  to  blacken 
leather, 


233 

(4)  Z.  JUJUBA,     (Lam.) 

Ide.nl.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  162.— Lam,  Enc,  III.  p,  318.--i 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  21.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p,  608. 

Syn.  Z.  trinervia,  Roth.  Nov.  fy.  p,  158.— Z.  Sororia,  Schitlt. 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  21.— Rhamnus  Jujuba,  Linn. 

Kngrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  99.— Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.41.~- Humph. 
Amb.  II.  t.  3G. 

SPEC.  Cnui.  Small  tree :  prickles  solitary  or  twin,  often  want* 
ing :  leaves  elliptical  or  oblong,  obtuse,  sometimes  coarsely  toothed 
at  the  apex,  serrulated,  upper  side  glabrous,  under  as  \\ell  as  the 
petioles  and  branches  densely  tomentoj>c  :  cymes  sessile  or  nearly 
so  :  ovary  2-celled  :  styles  2,  united  to  the  middle :  drupe  spheri- 
cal :  nut  wrinkled,  2-celled  :  flowers  small,  greenish-yellow. 

Peninsula.  Assam.  The  valleys  of  Gurhwal  and  Sirmore. 
Flowering  in  the  rainy  season.  The  fruit  is  eatable,  and  is  much 
improved  by  cultivation. 

(5)    Z.  NUMMULARIA.      (W.   $'  A .) 

Ident.     W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  1G2. 

Syn.  Z.  microphylla,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  (313.— Z.  rotundifolia* 
Lam.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  21. — Rhamnus  nuuunulana,  Burm.  Int£» 
p.  61. 

Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  197,  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  branches  slender,  flexuose,  whitish  :  sti- 
pulary  thorns  in  piirs,  upper  one  straight,  very  sharp,  about  as 
long  as  the  leaves  :  leaves  ovate,  elliptical  or  orbicular,  serrulated, 
with  dense  grey  tomentum  below  :  cymes*  sessile,  very  short :  ovary 
2-celled  :  styles  2,  united  to  above  the  middle  :  flowers  small 
greenish-yellow. 

Palamcottah  and  Courtallum,   flowering  in  May  and  June. 
(G)  Z.  (ENOPT.IA.     (Mill.) 

Ident.  W,  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  163. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  21.— f 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  Gil. 

Syn.  Z.  scandens,  Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  17. — Z.  Napeca,  Roth% 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  C13. 

Engrav.     Burm,  Zeyl.  t.  61. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing,  thorny  shrub  :  young  shoots  pubescent  \ 
leaves  very  obliquely  ovate,  acuminated,  slightly  serrulate,  undet 
side  tomentose,  of  the  young  ones  rusty-coloured,  villous  and  silky; 
cymes  short :  ovary  2-celled  :  styles  combined  to  above  the  middle  ; 
drupe  globose  :  nut  wrinkled,  1- celled  by  abortion;  flowers 
h  -yellow , 


234 

Peninsula.  Rnjmahal  Hills,  Assam.  Banks  of  the  Jumna, 
near  Delhi.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season, 

(7)   Z.  ROXBURGHIANA* 

Ident.    Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  146. 

Syn.    Z.  tomentosa,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  1.  p.  611.     (not  Poir.) 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Shrub :  leaves  unequally  ovate-cordate,  3-nerved, 
obtuse,  minutely  serrulate,  hairy  above  and  downy  beneath :  pa- 
nicles lateral :  prickles  solitary,  scarcely  curved. 

Chittngong. 

(8)   Z.  GLABRA.      (Roxl.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  614. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub,  smooth  :  leaves  ovate,  cordate, 
obtuse,  serrulated,  smooth,  prominently  3-nerved  :  prickles  solitary, 
recurved  :  drupes  oval,  about  the  size  of  a  gooseberry. 

Chittagong. 

GENUS  II.    BERCHEMIA. 
Penttmdrla  monogynia.    Sex  .•  Syst  .• 

Deriv.    Called  after  M.  Berchem,  a  French  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Erect  or  climbing  shrubs  with  alternate  leaves : 
calyx  5-cleft :  segments  erect,  convolute :  stamens  inclosed  within 
the  petals :  anthers  ovate,  2-celled  :  ovary  half  immersed,  but  free 
from  the  disk,  2-celled :  style  short,  2-furrowed,  2-cleft  at  the  apex  : 
stigmas  convex  :  fruit  a  drupe :  nut  2-celled  :  seed-coat  fibrous : 
flowers  in  short  corymbs  from  the  upper  axils,  or  fascicled  on  leaf- 
less branches,  forming  a  terminal  panicle. 

(1)    B.  PARV1FLORA,      (Wall) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  163. 

Syn.  Sageretia  parviflora,  Don's  Mill.  II.  p.  29. — S.  fUiforrmSj 
Don's  MilL  I,  c. — Rhamnus  parviflorus,  Klein.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p? 
28.— R.  filiformis,  Roth.  Dec.  I.  c. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  19. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  ,  Unarmed  shrub  :  leaves  alternate  and  somewhat 
opposite,  ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated,  sharply  serrulated,  upper 
Bide  shining, nerves  beneath  and  petioles  pubescent :  flowers  sessile, 
fascicled,  on  long  filiform  panicled  branches, 

Peninsula. 


235 

(£)   B.  FLOR1BUNDA. 

lifenf.     Wall,  Cat.  in  Voigt*  Hort,  Calc.  p.  146. 

Syn.  Zizyphus  floribundus,  Wall  Roxb.  /,  Ind.  (Ed.  Wall) 
II.  p.  368. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Shrub,  unarmed,  smooth:  leaves  ovate-acute, 
tjuite  entire,  glaucous  beneath :  panicles  large,  terminal :  drupt 
somewhat  cylindrical :  flowers  small,  white. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  May. 

GENUS  III.    VENTILAGO. 
Peittandria  Honogyitia.    Sex:  Systt 

beriv.  From  Ventns,  the  wind,  and  Ago,  to  drive  away.  The 
seeds  are  winged  and  easily  scattered  by  the  wind. 

GKN.  CHAR.  Large  climbing  shrubs :  leaves  alternate,  obliqu* 
at  the  base  :  calyx  spreading,  5-cleft :  petals  5,  obovate,  convolute; 
Stamens  exserted ;  anthers  ovate,  2-celled  ;  the  connectivum  pro- 
duced into  a  gland-like  point :  ovary  immersed,  2-celled  :  style 
hairy,  short,  2 -toothed  at  the  apex  :  fruit  1 -celled,  1 -seeded,  pro- 
duced upwards  into  an  oblong  membranaceous  wing. 

(1)  V.  MADERASFATANA.    (Gaertn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  164.— -Gaertn.  fr.  L  p.  223.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind,  I.  p.  629.— Dee.  prod.  II.  p,  3$. 

/%«.     V.  dentieulata,  Willd.  Dec.  prod.  It.  p.  38, 

Engrav.  Wight*s  Icon.  t.  163, — Rumph.  Amb.  V.  t.  2.— 
Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  76. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  :  leaves  from  orbicular  to  ovate- 
acuminated,  acute  or  obtuse  or  cordate  at  the  base,  crenate-serrated, 
or  quite  entire,  glabrous  or  pubescent :  flowers  fascicled  on  leafless 
branches,  small,  greenish,  smelling  offensively  :  fruit  greenish,  ske 
of  a  pea,  with  a  long  linear  wing. 

Peninsula.  Khandalla.  Hills  in  Bengal  and  Assam.  Flowering 
in  the  cold  season.  The  bark  is  used  for  cordage,  and  the  fishermen 
in  Amboyna  use  the  long  climbing  stems  instead  of  ropes. 

(2)  V»  BOMBAYENSW.     (Dak.) 

Ident.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  36. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branchlets  petioles  and  flowers  covered  with  ful- 
vous tomentum  :  leaves  lanceolate,  acute  at  the  base,  unequal, 
acuminated,  crenated :  the  crenatures  with  callous  points,  glabrous ; 
flowers  fascicled  in  the  axils  of  the  leaves,  short-pedicelled* 

Shorla  Ghaut,  flowering  in  February, 


236 

GENUS  IV.    RHAMNUS. 
Peiitaiidria  Moiiogyiila.    Sex    Syst  - 

Deriv.    From  the  Celtic  word,  Ram,  signifying  a  tuft  of  brandies. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  small  trees  :  calyx  4-cleft  :  petals  5, 
or  wanting  :  anthers  ovate,  2-celled  :  ovary  free  from  the  calyx  and 
not  immersed,  2-4-celled  :  styles  2-4,  connected  or  distinct  :  fruit 
fleshy,  containing  2-4  nuts. 

(1)  R.WIGIITII.     (W.  8f  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  164. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  159. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Unarmed  shrub  :  leaves  opposite  or  nearly  so, 
elliptical,  suddenly  acuminated,  sharply  serrated:  pedicels  axillary, 
fascicled,  much  shorter  than  the  petiole  :  calyx  3-cleft  :  petals 
cuneate-obovate,  obtuse,  with  a  short  point:  ovary  3-4-celled  : 
styles  3-4,  connected  to  the  middle  and  then  diverging  :  seeds  with 
a  deep  furrow  at  the  base. 

Courtallum.  Hills  in  the  Northern  Ghauts.  The  bark  is  esteem- 
ed very  medicinal  as  a  tonic  and  deobstiucnt. 

(2)  R.  HIRSUTA.     (HF,  $•  A.) 

Ident.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  165. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  978.—  Spicil.  t.  49. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Young  branches  spinescent,  pubescent  •  leaves 
alternate,  ovate,  or  oblong-lanceolate,  suddenly  acuminated,  serru- 
lated, hairy  beneath  :  pedicels  3-G  together,  pubescent  as  long  as 
the  petiole:  calyx  4-cleft:  petals  obovate,  obtuse,  entire,  flat: 
ovary  2-3-celled  :  styles  2-3,  connected  to  the  middle  and  then 
diverging:  fruit  2-celled  :  seeds  planoconvex,  with  a  deep  furrow 
at  the  base  on  the  convex  side. 

Courtallum.  Hills  of  the  Peninsula.  Flowering  nearly  all  the 
year. 

(3)    R.  VIRGATA. 


Ident.    Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  604.—  Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  24, 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Erect:  branches  twiggy  :  leaves  somewhat  oppo- 

site, oval,  acuminated  at  both  ends,   serrulate  :  flowers  few,  very 

small,  greenish-yellow. 

Neilgherries,    Mussoorec,     Flowering  in  the  hot  season, 


237 

GKKITS  V.    SCOTIA, 
Peittandria  Ulouogyiiia,    Sex .  Syst .» 

Deriv.  From  Scutum,  a  shield,  in  allusion  to  the  form  of  the 
disk. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs:  leaves  alternate,  approximated  by  pairs: 
stipules  2,  deciduous  :  calyx  5-cleft,  with  erect  segments  :  petals 
nearly  flat,  deeply  emarginate,  or  2-lobed :  anthers  ovate,  2-celled  : 
disk  lining  the  tube  of  the  calyx,  not  cohering  with  the  ovary  : 
ovary  2-1-celled :  stigmas  2-4:  fruit  2-4-coccous,  surrounded  at 
the  base  by  the  persistent  tube  of  the  calyx. 

(1)  S.  INDICA.     (Brongn.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  1G5. 

Syn.  Rhamnus  circumscissus,  Linn. — 11.  myrtimns,  Jfujm.  Tnd< 
p.  (JO. — Dec.  piod.  II.  p.  27. — Cccinothus  circuinscissa,  (w'aettn. 
Dec.  prod.  II,  p.  r>0. — C.  Zcylanicii,  Ileync.  Dec.  prod.  JI,  p.  (JO. — • 
Celastms  Zeylanica,  Koth.  in  ScJinlt.  Dec.  prod.  i\  p.  9. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  Y.  t.  30,  31 .— Wi-ht'c;  111.  I.  t.  M. 

SI»JT.  CHAR.  A  straggling  thorny  shrub:  piickles  somewhat 
opposite,  recurved:  lea\es  opposite,  distant,  not  distichous,  obo- 
vate,  sometimes  acute,  usually  quite  entire  :  flowers  axillaiy,  shortly 
umbellate:  flowers  small,  gieeni^li-yellow. 

Peninsula.  Common  along  the  higher  Ghauts,  flowering  in  the 
hot  season. 

(2)  S.  RHEEDIANA.      (R.  W.) 
Idcnt.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1071. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  armed  with  a  few  scattered,  recurved  pric- 
kles :  leaves  somewhat  opposite,  appioximatcd,  fiom  broad  ovate  to 
orbicular,  tipped  with  a  minute  point,  conspicuously  parallel -veined, 
bright-green  above,  somewhat  glaucous  beneath:  ovaiy  2-celled  : 
fruit  2-celled;  seeds  compressed. 

Neilgherries,  near  the  Kaity  falls,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GENUS  VI.     COLUBRINA. 
Pent  and  ria  Monogyiila.    &u?>  Syst : 

Deriv.  From  Coluber,  a  snake,  alluding  to  the  appearance  of 
the  twisted  stamens. 

GEV.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  spreading  :  petals  5  :  anthers  ovate, 
2-celled;  disk  flattish,  slightly  5-angled:  ovary  3-celled:  style 


238 

trifid  i  stigmas  3  ;  capsule  dehiscing,  tricoccous,  surrounded  at  the 
base  by  the  permanent  tube  of  the  calyx  :  seeds  furnished  with  & 
short  stalk  :  testa  coriaceous,  very  smooth. 

(1)  C»  ASIATICA.     (Brongn.) 

Ident.    W.  &-A.  prod.  I.  p.  160. 

Syn.  Ceanothus  Asiaticus,  i/nti.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  30. — C.  cap* 
•tularis,  Forst.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  32. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  74.— Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  48, 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Erect  shrub  :   leaves  alternate,  ovate,  acuminated, 
3-nerved  at  the  base,  crenate^serrated,  shining :    cymes  axillary, 
about  the  length  of  the  petioles  \    petals  convolute,  emarginate, 
rather  longer  than  the  stamens :  flowers  few,  pale-greenish. 
Peninsula.     Western  Ghauts,  flowering  in  April  and  May. 

GENUS  VII.    VITMANNIA. 
Peittaitdria  Mouogynla.    Sex .-  Syst : 

Gift.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft  :  petals  5  :  stamens  at  first  inclosed 
\vithin  the  petals  :  anthers  ovate,  2-celled  :  ovary  half  inferior, 
3-celled v.  style  simple,  3*angled,  3-furrowed :  stigma  3*lobed. 

(1)  V.  AFRICANA.     (W.  fy  A,) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  166. 

Syn.  Willemetia  Africana,  Brongn. — Ceanothus  Africana,  Linnt 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  32. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  490.— Pluk.  t.  126.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  shrub  :  branches  erect :  petals  hooded: 
leaves  alternate,  oblong-lanceolate,  obtuse,  serrated  :  stipules  broad 
and  short,  recurved  ;  cymes  few-flowered,  axillary  or  terminal ; 
flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula. 

GENUS  Vin.    GOUANIA. 
Peiitantlrla  Ifloiiogytila.    Ses.-Syst- 

Deriv.  In  honor  of  Anthony  Gouan,  Professor  of  Botany  at 
Montpelier. 

GEN.  CHAR*  Usually  climbing  shrubs,  occasionally  tendrilled 
*by  abortion  of  the  branches  :  calyx  5*cleft :  Segments  spreading  : 
petals  5,  convolute  or  hooded  :  stamens  enclosed  within  the  petals: 
anthers  ovate,  2-celled  :  ovary  covered  by  the  disk,  3-celled  :  style 
3-cleft :  fruit  inferior,  with  3  angles  or  wings,  consisting  of  3  com- 
pressed indehiscent  carpels, 


239 

(1)    G.  LEPTOSTACHYA.       (Dec. ) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  166.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  40. 
Syn<     G,  tiliaefolia,  Roxb. 

Engrav*  Wight's  Spicil.  t.  50.— Icon,  t,  974.— Roxb,  Cor.  I, 
t.  98. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub:  leaves  alternate,  ovate,  acumi- 
nated, slightly  cordate  at  the  base,  crenate-serrated  :  racemes  inter- 
rupted, axillary  or  in  terminal  panicles :  flowers  on  short  pedicels  : 
disk  stellate :  fruit  glabrous,  triangular,  shortly  \vinged :  flower* 
greenish-yellow. 

Circars.  Banda  and  the  Warree  country.  Coonoor.  Flower* 
ing  towards  the  end  of  the  year. 

(2)  G.  MICROCARPA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  1C?.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  40. 
Syn.     G.  tiliaefolia,  Heyne. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub :  young  branches  and  racemes 
pubescent:  leaves  alternate,  ovate  or  elliptical,  slightly  cordate  at 
the  base,  acuminated :  racemes  interrupted,  axillary  and  terminal, 
elongated  :  flowers  polygamous,  on  very  short  pedicels  :  disk  dense- 
ly pubescent :  fruit  shortly  winged,  at  first  pubescent,  afterwards 
glabrous. 

Courtallum.     Middle  and  Southern  Provinces  of  the  Peninsula. 


ORDER  L.    TEREBINTHACEJE. 

Trees  or/  shrubs  with  resinous,  gummy,  caustic  or  milky  juice : 
leaves  alternate,  simple,  ternate  or  unequally  pinnate,  without 
stipules :  calyx  5,  sometimes  3-7-cleft :  petals  equal  in  number 
to  the  divisions  of  the  calyx,  perigynous,  sometimes  wanting, 
imbricated  :  stamens  equal  in  number  to  the  petals  or  twice  as 
many,  or  more :  filaments  distinct  or  coherent  at  the  base:  disk 
fleshy,  annular  or  cup-shaped,  occasionally  wanting :  ovary  soli* 
tary,  of  1-5  carpels,  all  of  which  are  abortive  except  one,  su- 
perior, 1-celled :  ovule  attached  by  a  cord  to  the  bottom  of  the 
cell,  solitary ;  styles  1-3,  occasionally  4 :  stigmas  as  many :  fruit 
1-celled,  indehiscent,  usually  drupaceous  :  seeds  usually  pend\i« 
lous ;  albumen  none, 


240 

GENUS  I.     SEMECARPUS. 
Polygamla  Dficecla.    Sex    Syst 

Dcrlv.  From  Semeion,  a  mark,  and  Carpos,  fruit.  The  juice 
of  the  fiuit  is  used  as  marking  ink. 

GEM.  CHAR.  Trees  with  simple  entire  leaves,  and  terminal 
panicles  :  calyx  5-cleft  :  petals  5,  sessile,  very  spreading  :  stamens 
5,  inserted  with  the  petals  under  the  margin  of  the  disk,  distinct  : 
ovary  sessile,  l-celled  :  styles  «3,  from  the  apex  of  the  ovary  :  fruit 
somewhat  couLite,  with  a  hard  and  thick  pencarp,  containing  cella 
full  of  corrosive  icsinous  juice  :  seed  suspended. 

(1)  S.  ANACARDIUM.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  168.  —  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  62.  —  Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  83. 

Syn.     Anae.irdium  latifolium,  Lam,  —  A.  oflicinarum,  Gaertn* 
Engrav.     lloxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  12.—  Wight's  Icon.  t.  558. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  cuncate-obovatc,  rounded  at  the  apex, 
whitish  beneath  :  panicles  bracteolated  :  fruit  sessilr,  coi  date-ovate, 
notched  on  one  side  under  the  apex  :  flowers  small,  giecn. 

Coromandcl  and  most  paits  of  India,  flowering  from  May  to 
July-  This  is  known  as  the  mai  king-nut  tiee.  The  black  juice 
of  the  nuts  is  used  to  mark  all  soit»>  of  cotton  cloth.  By  the  mix- 
ture of  quicklime  and  water  the  colour  is  improved,  prevented  from 
running  and  fixed.  (Rojcb.} 

(2)  S.  GUUIAMII.     (R.  W.) 

Ident,     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  52,  —  Wight's  Icon.  vol.  L 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  235. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  cuneate-lanceolate,  acute,  glabrous  above, 
pubescent  beneath  :  petioles  short,  furnished  with  4  subulate  ap- 
pendages :  panicles  racemose,  congested  towards  the  summit  of  the 
branches  :  calyx  cup-shaped,  truncated  :  ovary  and  young  fruit 
covered  with  rusty  hahs. 

Hilly  parts  of  the  Concans.     Jleera  Hills. 


(3)    S.  CUNEIFOL1US. 

Ident.    Roxb,  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  86.—  J.  Grab.  Cat.  p.  41. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Large  tree  :  leaves  cuneate-oblong,   short-petiol- 
«d,  villous  underneath  :  nut  curved  on  one  side. 

Khandalla,    Hiudostan  Mountains,  flowering  in  December,. 


241 

GENUS  II.    HOLIGAKNA, 
Polygamta  Diieeia.    Sex:  Syft: 

Qtriv.    The  native  name  latinized. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  with  alternate  entire  leaves  :  calyx  5-tootn> 
ed  :  petals  5,  oblong,  spreading :  stamens  5,  shorter  than  the  corollat 
ovary  1-celled,  l*ovuled :  ovules  suspended:  styles  1-3:  fruit 
inferior,  oval :  pericarp  thick,  somewhat  fleshy,  containing  cells 
full  of  acrid  juice. 

(1)   H.  LONG1FOLIA.      (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  Ij69.*— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II,  p.  80.— 
Dec,  prod.  II.  p.  63. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  9. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  cuncate,  oblong  or  acute  :  petioles  usually 
with  a  soft  subulate  incurved  thorn-like  process  on  each  side  about 
the  middle  :  panicles  terminal  and  axillary  :  styles  recurved :  stig- 
mas lunate  :  flowerb  small,  whitish. 

Travancore,  Malabar.  Hilly  parts  of  the  Concan.  Chittagong 
and  Assam.  Flowering  in  January.  The  juice  of  the  wood  which 
is  very  acrid  is  employed  in  Malabar  for  varnishing  shields. 

GENUS  III.    BUCHANANIA. 
Becaiidria  Pentagynia.    Sex:  Syst: 

Dvriv.  Called  after  Buchanan  Hamilton,  author  of  the  well* 
known  "Journey  to  Mysore.'* 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  with  alternate  entire  leaves  :  panicles  ter- 
minal and  axillary  towards  the  summit  of  the  branches :  liowers 
bisexual :  calyx  5-cleft,  obtuse:  petals  5,  inserted  under  the  disk, 
oblong,  sessile,  recurved :  stamens  shorter  than  the  petals,  distinct : 
disk  10-crenated,  involving  the  ovary  :  pistils  5,  4  abortive,  the 
fertile  one  with  a  1-celled,  1-ovuled  ovary:  drupe  obovate,  some- 
what compressed,  fleshy:  nut  very  hard,  1-celled,  1-seeded. 

(1)    B.  LATIFOLIA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  169.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p,  385.—- 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  64. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  broadly  oval  or  obovate,  obtuse  :  branches 
of  the  panicles  hirsute,  with  the  flowers  crowded  :  flowers  small, 
greenish-white. 

Mountainous  parts  of  the  coast.  Belgaum.  Salsette.  Flower- 
ing in  February  and  March.  The  kernels  are  used  in  confectionery 
and  as  a  general  substitute  for  almonds  among  the  natives, 


242 

(2)    B.  ANOUSTIFOLIA.      (Roxl.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  169.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  386.— • 
"Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  64. 

Syn.    Spondias  simplicifolia,  flottJ.-*-Mangifera  axillaris,  Lam. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  101.— Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  262. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  linear-oblong,  obtuse  or  emarginate :  bran- 
ches of  the  panicle  glabrous  with  the  flowers,  lax :  flowers  small, 
greenish. 

Mountains  of  Coromandel.  Adjunta  jungles,  flowering  in  May 
*md  June. 

(3)  B.  INTERMEDIA.       (R.    W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  I.  No.  5. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  81. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  obovate,  spathulate,  membranaceous  :  pa- 
nicles glabrous  :  flowers  congested,  small,  greenish. 

Naggarie  Hills,  near  Madras. 

(4)  B.   LANCEOLATA.       (#.   W.) 

Jdent.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  I.  No.  12. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  237. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  lanceolate,  acute  or  acuminated,  quite 
entire,  congested  towards  the  summits  of  the  young  shoots  :  panicles 
pubescent,  erect,  terminal  and  axillary :  flowers  small,  numerous, 
Capitate  on  the  ends  of  the  lateral  divisions  of  the  panicle,  gfeen- 
ish-white. 

Quilon,  Malabar  Coast,  flowering  in  the  hot  season.  The  leaves 
are  so  like  those  of  the  common  Mango  tree  that  they  may  easily 
be  mistaken  for  each  other. 

(5)    B.  LANCE03FOLIA.       ( Rottb.) 

Jdent.     Roxb.  fl,  Ind.  II.  p.  386. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large,  tall  tree :  leaves  lanceolate,  obtusely  point- 
ed, shining,  entire  :  panicles  terminal :  flowers  greenish-white. 

Chittagong.  The  tender  unripe  fruit  is  eaten  by  the  natives  in 
their  curries.  (Roxb.) 

GENUS  IV.    MANGIFERA. 
Polygamia  Monoeeia.    Sex   Sy*t.> 
Deriv.     From  Mango,  and  Fero,  to  bear. 
GEN.  CHAR.     Trees :    calyx  5-partite,  deciduous :   petals  4-5, 
inserted  under  the  disk  :  stamens  5,  only  one  fertile,  the  steril« 


243 

ones  tipped  with  a  small  gland  :  ovary  oblique,  1 -celled,  1-ovuledt 
style  1,  curved  downwards :  drupe  somewhat  compressed  :  nut 
woody,  1-celled,  .2-valved,  covered  on  the  outside  with  fibroua 
filaments:  seed  solitary. 

(1)  M.  INDICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  170.— Dec.  prod,  II.  p.  C3.-4 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  641. 

Syn.     M.  montana,  Heyne. — M.  domestica,  Gaertn. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  1,  2.— Rumplu  Amb.  1. 1.  25. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  alternate,  lanceolate,  acuminated,  gla- 
brous :  panicles  pubescent,  erect :  petals  5  :  the  fertile  stamen  aris- 
ing from  the  inner  side  of  the  disk  :  drupe  obliquely  oblong  or 
somewhat  reniform :  panicles  terminal,  much  branched :  flowers 
small,  greenish-yellow. 

All  over  India,  flowering  in  February  and  March.  This  is  tha 
common  Mango. 

(2)    M.  SYLVATICA.       (Roxb,) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  I.  p.  644. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  alternate,  lanceolate:  panicles  terminal i 
flowers  numerous,  small,  white,  slightly  pinkish, 

Sijhet,  flowering  in  October. 

GENUS  V.     ODINA. 
Octandrla  Tetragynla.    Sex-  Syst- 

Deriv,     The  native  name  in  the  south  of  India  latinized. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Polygamous  :  calyx  4-lobed,  persistent :  petala 
5,  oblong,  spreading  :  stamens  inserted  below  the  margin  of  tha 
disk  :  disk  8-crenated :  rudimentary  pistil  in  the  male,  4-partite  * 
ovary  free,  oblong,  1-celled  :  ovule  solitary  :  styles  4;  drupe  renU 
form,  not  compressed. 

(1)  O.  WODIER.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.   1 71. —Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II,  p.  293. 

Engrav.     Royle's  111.  t.  31.  f.  2.— Wight's  Icon.  t.  60. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree:  leaves  alternate,  unequally  pinnated: 
leaflets  3-4-pair,  almost  sessile,  oblong-ovate,  acuminated,  quite 
entire  :  sepals  rounded  :  stigmas  simple :  drupe  very  hard,  1-celled  i 
1  -seeded  :  racemes,  terminal,  fascicled  :  flowers  small,  greenish* 
yellow,  purplish  externally. 

Coromandel  Mountains.  Malabar  Hill,  Bombay.  Hindustan. 
Travancore.  Flowering  in  February  and  March.  This  is  one  of 
Uie  most  commonly  cultivated  and  best  known  trees  in  the 


244 

fula.  It  grows  very  quickly  from  cuttings.  In  some  of  the  South- 
ern districts  it  is  called  O-the-yin-poo-marum,  the  first  part  of 
Which  may  have  suggested  the  word  Odina.  Wodier  seems  another 
native  name.  (Wight.) 

GENUS  VI.     RHUS. 
Pentandria  Trigyitia.    Sex.-  Syat: 

Deriv.  From  Roos,  red,  alluding  to  the  colour  of  the  leaves  and 
fruit  of  some  of  the  species. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  trees  with  alternate  leaves  :  flowers 
polygamous  or  bisexual:  calyx  5-paitite,  persistent:  petals  5, 
ovate,  inserted  under  the  maigin  of  the  disk  :  stamens  5,  free  :  ovary 
sessile,  1 -celled  :  ovule  solitary:  styles  3,  distinct  or  combined: 
drupe  with  a  bony,  1-celled  nut:  seed  solitary. 

(1)  R.  DECIPIENS.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  172. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  45.— Wight's  111.  I.  t.  75. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  unequally  pinnated :  rachis  interruptedly 
•winged  :  wings  tapering  at  the  base,  tiuncated  at  the  apex  :  leaf- 
lets narrow-oblong,  tapering  at  the  base,  quite  entire  :  panicles  axil- 
lary, shorter  than  the  leaves  :  branches  angled,  spieading  horizon- 
tally :  ovary  ovate  :  styles  shortly  3-cleft  at  the  apex  :  floweis 
greenish-white. 

Southern  Provinces. 

(2)  R.  MYSORENSIS.     (Heyne.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  172. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches  often  spinescent :  petioles  and  panielei 
densely  pubescent :  leaves  palmntely  trifoliate :  leaflets  obovate, 
sinuate-lobed,  villous  beneath,  terminal  one  much  the  largest, 
with  a  cuneate,  tapering  base  :  panicles  terminal,  or  axillary  in 
the  upper  leaves,  much  longer  than  the  leaves  :  stigmas  capitate  : 
fruit  globose. 

Mysore. 

GENUS  VH.    SPONDIAS. 
Decanriria  Pentagynia.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.     Greek  name  for  a  plum,  which  the  fruit  resembles. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  calyx  5-cleft,  deciduous  :  petals  5,  insert- 
ed under  the  margin  of  the  disk  :  ovary  free,  sessile,  5-celled  :  ovule 
solitary  :  styles  5,  short,  distinct,  somewhat  distant  at  the  base  and 
conniving  upwards  ;  drupe  fleshy  ;  nut  5,  from  abortion  ]~-3-o*lle4. 


545 

(1)  S,  MANGIFERA.     (Pert.) 

Kent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  173.~Dec,  prod.  II.  p.  75,--Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  451. 

Syn.  S.  amara,  Lam, — Mangifera  pinnata,  AWn,— Poupartia 
mangifera,  Blume. 

Enyrav.     Rheede  Mai.  1. 1.  50.— Wight's  111.  1. 1,  76. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  alternate,  unequally  pinnated  :  leaf- 
lets 4--5 -pair,  ovate  or  elliptic-oblong,  abruptly  acuminated,  oblique 
at  the  base,  quite  entire  :  panicles  axillary  and  terminal,  diffuse  : 
drupe  oval,  yellow :  nut  oblong,  very  hard :  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula.  Upper  India,  flowering  in  March.  The  fruit  is 
eatable. 

GENUS  VIII.    SOLENOCARPUS. 
Decamlria  UVonogynla.    Sex;  Syst- 
Deriv.     From  Solen,  a  furrow,  and  Karpos,  fruit. 

GEN.,CHAR.  Flowers  bisexual :  calyx  small,  5-cleft,  deciduous : 
t'Cgments  rounded :  petals  5,  inserted  between  the  calyx  and  the 
disk:  aestivation  valvular :  filaments  alternately  shorter,  nearly  as 
long  as  the  corolla:  ovary  1 -celled  :  ovule  solitary:  style  thick, 
nearly  as  long  as  the  stamens,  furrowed  on  one  side  :  stigma  ob- 
lique:  fruit  somewhat  kidney-shaped,  hairy:  pericarp  full  of  fra- 
grant oil,  1-celled,  1 -seeded  :  seed  pendulous,  in  the  apexoftha 
convex  side  of  the  fruit. 

(1)  S.  INDICA.    (W.  $  A.) 
Ident.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  171. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  petals  oval,  sessile,  equal :  ovary  free, 
sessile  :  leaves  fascicled  at  the  extremities  of  the  old  branches  and 
alternate  on  the  young  ones,  long-petioled,  unequally  pinnated  : 
leaflets  5-7-pair,  elliptic-oblong,  acuminated,  slightly  crenulated, 
glabrous,  paler  beneath :  panicles  fascicled,  from  the  apex  of  the 
branches. 

Courtallum, 

GENUS  IX.    NOTHOPEGLL 

Deriv.  From  Nothos,  spurious,  and  Pegia,  the  name  oftho 
genus  formerly  wrongly  applied. 

GEN,  CHAR.  Calyx  5-lobed,  deciduous  :  ovary  sessile,  surround* 
ad  with  a  fleshy  annular  disk  :  style  terminal,  short :  stigma  capU 
tat* ;  berry  globose,  1-celled,  1-seeded :  seed  erect,  globose, 


246 

(1)    N.   COLEBROOKIANA.        (BlimtC.) 

Ident.  Blume.  Mas.  Bot.  Lugd.  Batav,  p.  203, — Walp.  Amu 
II.  p.  2&1. 

Syn.     Pegia  Colebrookiana*  Wight. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  230. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  alternate,  short -petioled,  oblongior 
kbovate-oblong,  quite  entire,  coriaceous>  without  stipules  :  racemes 
ixillary  or  lateral  by  the  falling  of  the  leaves,  many-flowered, 

Shevagherry  Hills. 

GENUS  X.    GLYCYCARPUS. 
Polygamla  Dioecla.    Sex-  Syat: 

Leriv.     From  Glycys,  sweet,  and  Kcvrpos,  fruit. 

GEN.  CHAE.  Calyx  4-partite,  persistent :  corolla  imbricated  in^ 
sstivation  :  stamens  inserted  under  the  margin  of  the  disk,  alter- 
late  with  the  petals  and  shorter  than  them :  filaments  free :  anthers 
ntrorse,  2-celled,  longitudinally  dehiscing  :  no  rudiment  of  an  ovary 
n  the  male  flowers :  in  fertile  flowers  ovary  1,  sessile,  1 -celled, 
-ovuled  :  style  very  short* 

(1)  G,  RACEMOSA.     (Dais.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  51. — Walp.  Ann.  II.  p.  286. 

Syn.     Holigarna  racenaosa,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  82. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree:  leaves  alternate,  linear-oblong,  some- 
what glaucous  beneath  :  calyx  segments  ovate,  obtuse  :  petals  4,. 
blong-linear  :  stamens  4  :  style  1  :  racemes  terminal,  villous  : 
rupe  size  of  a  cherry,  transversely-oblong,  with  one  large  seed  co- 
ered  with  sweet,  eatable  pulp :  flowers  small,  white. 

South  Concans.  Chittagong.  Silhet.  Assam*  Flowering  in 
^ebruary  and  March, 


ORDER  LI.    AMYRIDACE£T. 

Trees  or  shrubs :  leaves  alternate  or  opposite,  ternate  or 
nequally  pinnate :  flowers  racemose  or  panicled,  axillary  or 
srminal:  calyx  persistent,  2-5-cleft:  petals  3-5,  inserted 
elow  the  disk,  usually  valvate  in  aestivation :  stamens  twice 
s  many  as  the  petals  :  ovary  1-5-celled,  superior :  style  so- 
itary :  stigmas  as  many  as  the  cells  of  the  ovary :  ovules 
win,  attached  to  the  apex  of  the  cell :  fruit  1-5-celled,  the 
uter  portion  often  dehiscing  into  valves ;  albumen  none. 


247 

GENUS  I.    BOSWELLIA. 
Heeandrla  IVIoiiegynlf*.    Sex-  8*/*t: 

beriv.     Named  after  Dr.  John  Boswell  of  Edinburgh. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees,  producing  balsam  and  resin  :  calyx  5-tootn* 
ed,  persistent :  petals  5,  obovate-oblong,  very  patent,  acute  at  the 
base,  inserted  under  the  margin  of  the  disk  :  alternate  stamens 
shorter:  anthers  caducous  :  disk  longer  than  the  calyx,  crenulated: 
ovary  oblong,  sessile  :  style  the  length  of  the  stamens,  caducous : 
stigma  3-lobed  :  capsule  3-angled,  3-celled,  3-valved :  seeds  soli- 
tary in  each  cell,  surrounded  by  a  broad  membranaceous  wing. 

(1)   'B.  GLABRA.       (Roxb.) 

ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  74,-^Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  384.— 
Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  76. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  lit.  t.  207. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  deciduous,  alterhate,  unequally  pinnated  : 
leaflets  opposite,  broadly  lanceolate,  obtuse,  serrated  :  racemes  ter- 
minal, fascicled,  shorter  than  the  leaves :  flowers  white. 

Mountainous  districts  of  Coromandel. 

(2)  B,  THURIFERA.     (Colebr.} 

Tdent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  174.— Colebr.  in  As.  Res.  I#.  p, 
377.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  IT.  p.  383. 

Syn.     B.  serrata,  Stackh.  ? 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  alternate,  unequally  pinnated  :  leaflets 
oblong,  obtuse,  serrated,  pubescent :  racemes  axillary,  shorter  than 
the  leaves  :  flowers  white. 

Mountains  of  Coromandel,  Smith  Concans.  Belgaum  and  Bun* 
dlecund.  Flowering  in  March  and  April. 

GENUS  0.     CANARIUM. 
Polygamla  Dloeeia.    Sex  -  Syst  .< 

Deriv.  The  native  name  for  the  tree  in  the  Moluccas  latinized, 
GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  :  calyx  3-lobed,  lobes  unequal :  petals  3, 
twice  as  long  as  the  calyx,  oblong,  concave  :  stamens  6,  shorter  than 
the  petals,  unequal :  ovary  sessile,  ovate-globose,  3-celled  :  style 
very  short  or  wanting :  stigma  3-lobed :  fruit  a  drupe :  nut  very 
hard,  3-angled,  3-celled,  two  cells  often  abortive :  seed  solitary  in 
each  cell. 

(1)  C.  COMMUNE.     (Linn.) 

fdent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  175.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  79.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  137. 

$yn.     Amyris  Zeylanica,  Rcte. — Balsamodendron  Zeylanicumj 


248 

« 

Konth. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  76: — Colophonia  M^uritiana>  Dec.  prod, 
II.  p.  79. — -Uursera  paniculata,  Lam. 

Engrav.     Rumph.  Amb.  II.  t.  47. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree :  leaves  unequally  pinnated  :  stipules 
oval  at  the  base  of  the  common  petiole,  deciduous:  leaflets  7-11, 
ovate-oblong,  on  long  stalks,  shortly  acuminated,  quite  entire,  gla- 
brous: panicle  terminal,  divaricated:  flowers  2~3»together,  almost 
sessile  at  the  extremity  of  the  ultimate  pedicels,  and  before  expand- 
ing, enclosed  in  concave,  silky  bracts :  calyx  externally  silky  : 
flowers  greenish-yellow. 

Peninsula.    Malabar.     Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 
(2)  C.  STRICTUM.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  175.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  138. 
— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  52. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tall  straight  tree:  young  parts  densely  clothed 
with  a  rusty  coloured  pubescence:  leaves  pinnated,  very  long: 
leaflets  4  pairs  and  an  odd  one,  ovate-oblong,  acuminated,  slightly 
crenulated,  hairy  beneath  on  the  nerves,  5-12  inches  in  length. 

Tinnevelly.  Meera  Hills.  This  is  known  in  Malabar  under  the 
name  of  the  Black  Dammer  tree.  The  resin  is  transparent,  and  of 
a  deep  brownish-yellow,  or  amber  colour.  It  is  common  in  the 
Alpine  forests  about  Courtallum. 

(3)  C.  BENGALENSE.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.    Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  136. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  alternate,  unequally  pinnate  : 
leaflets  subopposite,  6-10  pair,  from  ovate-oblong  to  lanceolate, 
acuminated,  entire :  stipules  subulate,  clothed  with  long  soft  fer- 
ruginous down  :  racemes  solitary,  supra-axillary,  somewhat  pani- 
cled  :  drupe  oblong,  size  of  a  large  olive,  smooth,  filled  with  firm, 
yellowish  pulp :  nut  obscurely  3-cornered,  almost  covered  with  a 
thick  and  hard  aril,  3-celled  ;  seeds  1  in  each  cell ;  flowers  small, 

Silhet,  flowering  in  May  and  June. 

GENUS  III.    GARUGA. 
Decandria  Monogyuia.    Sex  /  Syst  .• 

Dene.     The  Telugu  name  latinized. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-furrowed  :  petals  5,  linear,  inserted  Into 
the  mouth  of  tttfc  calyx  between  its  lobes  :  aestivation  valvular,  with 
the  margin  incurved :  5  stamens  inserted  with  the  petals,  and  5  at 
the  base  of  the  sepals  :  filaments  hairy  at  the  base  :  disk  closely 
adhering  to  the  calyx :  ovary  ovate,  5-celled :  style  thick  ;  stigma 
5-lobed, 


249 

(1)    G.   P1NNATA,       (7?«.l'&.) 

Ident.  \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  1/5.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  U,  p.  400.—  « 
Dec,  prod.  II.  p.  80. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t*  33.—  Wight's  Icon.  t.  ir>91-5. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  leaves  unequally  pinnated,  deciduous  i 
leaflets  nearly  sessile,  crenate-serrated  :  sepals  erect  :  di<fk  fleshy* 
5-cleft:  style  about  as  long  as  the  petals:  drupe  globose,  fleshy, 
with  from  1  to  5  one-seeded  imts  :  flo\\ers  panic-led,  yellowish-white^ 
often  covered  \vith  a  mealy  kind  of  substance. 

The  Ghauts.      Coromandel.      Assam     and    Noithern    India* 
Flowering  in  Maich. 

GENUS  IV.     PROTIUM. 
Dioecia  Hecumlria.    Sci    Sy«(  - 

Dcriv.     Meaning  unknown. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Bulsamiferofus  trees  :  calyx  4-toothcd,  persistent, 
linear-oblong:  stamens  8,  shorter  than  the  corolla,  inseited  under 
the  margin  of  the  disk  :  dibk  fleshy,  deeply  crenated  :  ovary  2- 
celled,  with  2  collateral  ovules  in  each  cell  :  style  very  short  :  stigma 
4-lobed  :  drupe  globose  or  ovate  :  nut  thick  and  hard,  1  -celled  by 
abortion,  at  length  divisible  into  2  nuts  :  seed  solitary. 

(1)  P.  CORDATUM.     (  )r.  fy  A.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  17(5. 

Srrc.  CJIAR.  branches  not  thorny  :  leaves  unequally  pinnated  j 
leaflets  1-2  pair$  ovate-lanceolate,  with  a  long  sharp  acumination, 
quite  entire  :  panicles  fascicled,  supra-axillary  from  the  young 
shoots,  2-3  timeb  dichotomous,  lax. 

Peninsula* 

(2)  P.  PUBLSCENS.     (IV.  Sf  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  170. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  unequally  pinnated:  leaflets  about  3  pair  $ 
nearly  sessile,  roundibh-ovate,  with  ;i  short  obtuse  ncumination, 
quite  entire,  densely  pubescent  on  the  under  side  :  panicles  2-3 
times  dichotomous,  lax. 

Peninsula. 


GENUS  V. 
Dlopcia  Octautlria«    <svv-  •  Sysf 
Dcriv.     From  Balsamor^  balsam,  and  Dcndroi^  tree. 
GEN.  CHAR.     Tiees,  giving  baham  :  leaves  'J-  5-foliolate  : 


250 

4-toothed,  persistent :  petals  4,  linear-oblong  :  stamens  inserted 
vnder  the  disk :  warts  elevated  between  the  stamens :  ovary  sin- 
gle:  style  1,  short,  obtuse :  berry  or  drupe  ovate,  acute,  maikedby 
4  sutures,  1-2-celled  :  cells  1 -seeded. 

(1)  B.  BERRYI.    (Jrn.) 
Ident.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  177. 

Syn.  Amyris  Gileadensis,  Linn.—Roxb.  Jl.  2nd*  II.  p*  246.— 
Protium  Gileadense,  W.  fy  A. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Ultimate  branches  spinescent,  with  small  short 
abortive  branchlcts  bearing  the  leaves  and  flowers  at  their  extremi- 
ties :  leaves  palmately  3-foliolate  :  leaflets  roundish-obovate,  obtuse, 
obscurely  crenulate,  glabrous :  peduncles  1 -flowered,  shorter  than 
the  petioles. 

Peninsula,  where  it  is  constantly  used  for  making  fences, 

(2)  13.  AGALLOCIIA.     (W.  $•  J.) 

Idcnt.     Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  1,50. 

Syn.  B.  Iloxburghii,  Am. — Amyris  Agallocha,  Roxb.  H.  B. — 
A.  Commiphora,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  244, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  elliptic,  serrate,  acute,  with  a  pair  of 
small  leaflets  at  the  base :  lateral  branchlets  often  terminating  in 
spines  :  drupe  size  of  a  black  currant,  led,  smooth  :  flowers  axillary, 
short-pcdicclled,  fascicled  on  the  scars  of  the  fallen  leaves,  small, 
red. 

Silhct.  Assam.  Flowering  in  February  and  March.  This  tree 
produces  the  gum  Bdellium  of  commerce.  The  plant  when  broken 
ililFusCb  a  grateful  fragrance  like  that  of  the  finest  myrrh. 

GENUS  VI.    ICICA. 
Dccaiiclria  Ifloiiogjnift.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.     Fiom  the  name  of  one  of  the  species  in  Guiana. 

GLN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed :  petals  5,  inserted  under  the 
di&k,  recurved:  stamens  inserted  with  the  petals:  disk  10-crenated 
at  the  margin  :  ovary  5-celled,  with  2  collateral  ovules  in  each  cell: 
stigma  5-angled :  drupe  globose,  l~3-celled,  with  a  coiiaceous 
sarcocarp  splitting  into  valves  :  nuts  very  hard,  solitary  in  each  cell, 
coveied  with  an  ariliform  pulp. 

(1)  1.  INDICA.     (W.  8f  A.) 

Ident.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  177. 

iS//7i.     1.  Bengalensis,  Foiyf.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  149, — Bursera  ser- 

rata,  Wall. 


251 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  producing  resin  :  leaves  unequally  pinnated  : 
leaflets  7-11,  petioled,  oblong-lanceolate,  with  a  short  obtuse  acu- 
mination,  more  or  less  serrulated,  from  almost  glabrous  to  densely 
pubescent:  young  shoots,  petioles,  pedicels  and  culyx  pubescent: 
panicles  axillary,  solitary,  lax,  much  shorter  than  the  leaves  :  flow- 
ers very  small,  green. 

Chittagong  and  Assam.     Flowering  in  March  and  April. 


ORDER  III.    SAMYDACEJE. 

r 

Trees  or  shrubs  :  leaves  alternate,  simple,  entire  or  toothed, 
stipulate  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary  or  several  together  :  se- 
pals 4-5,  more  or  less  cohering  at  the  base,  usually  coloured 
inside,  somewhat  imbricated  in  aestivation  :  petals  "wanting  : 
stamens  arising  from  the  tube  of  the  calyx  :  filaments  monadel- 
phous,  either  all  antheriferous  or  alternately  shorter,  villous  or 
ciliated  and  alternately  bearing  anthers  which  arc  2-celled  : 
ovary  superior,  1-celled  :  style  1  :  stigma  capitate  :  ovules  in- 
definite :  capsule  1-celled,  3-5-valved,  many-seeded,  often  pulpy 
inside  :  seeds  covered  with  fleshy  aril  :  albumen  oily  or  fleshy. 

GENUS  I.     CASEARTA. 
Ileeaiulrla  Hlono^yiila.    Ses-  Syvt 


Deriv.  Called  after  J.  Casearius,  who  assisted  Rheede  in  the 
Hortus  Malabaricus. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Stamens  12-30,  monadelphous  at  the  base,  alter- 
nate ones  bearing  anthers,  sterile  ones  awl-shaped  or  spathulate, 
usually  villous  or  fringed. 

(1)   C.  ANAVINGA.      (Rhecdr.) 

Ident.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  —  Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  11. 
Syn.     C.  ovata,  TTilld. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IV.  t.  49. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tece  :  leaves  oblique  and  subcordate  at  the  base, 
ovate-oblong,  serrulate,  downy  underneath  :  fruit  oblong,  smooth 
and  shining  :  pedicels  1  -flowered,  axillary,  usually  solitary  :  flow- 
ers greenish-yellow. 

Caranjah  Hill  and  Rajapore,  Bombay.  Banks  of  the  Hoogly, 
Flowering  at  the  end  of  the  year. 


252 

(2)   C,  v\urcA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Jnd.  II.  p.  418. 

SPEC,  CJIAR.  Shiub  :  leaves  linear-oblong  or  lanceolate,  minutely 
peirulate,  slightly  hairy  undeineath  :  stipules  cordate,  villous  :  pe- 
duncles axillary,  crowded,  short,  1-ilowered  :  capsule  oval,  smooth; 
peeds  about  (5,  enveloped  in  aril  :  flowers  small,  greenish-giey, 

jSilhct,  flowering  in  May. 


(3)    C.   GLOMEKATA. 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  1  1.  p.  419. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  ovate  or  ovate-lanceolate,  sharply 
serrated,  smooth  on  both  sides  :  flowers  axillaiy,  numerous,  each 
t\ith  a  distinct  peduncle,  "ic-enisli-ycllow:  capsule  oblong,  fleshy, 
somewhat  veutricose,  size  of  a  small  olive,  seeds  3-6,  roundish, 
partly  enveloped  in  led  soft  aril. 

Silhct,  flowering  in  December. 


(4)    C.  TOMKNTOSA. 

Jdent.     Roxb.  fl.  Jnd.  II.  p.  421. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  alternate,  short-petioled,  ovate 
or  oblong,  serrated,  downy  beneath  :  stipules  tomentosc  :  capsule 
oblong,  the  size  of  a  nutmeg,  fleshy,  furrowed,  3-valved,  1-cclled  ; 
seeds  many,  enveloped  in  scarlet  aiil  :  peduncles  axillaiy,  numer- 
ous, 1  -flowered  :  flowers  small,  downy,  greenish-yellow, 

Ciicars,   flowciing  in  the  hot  season. 

(5)    C.  LSCULENTA.      (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  JI.  p.  422. 
En<jrav>     Rhcede  Mai.  V.  t.  50. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Laige  shrub  ;  leaves  alternate,  oblong,  entiie, 
l&mooth  :  flowers  axillary,  greenish-yellow  :  stamens  8. 

('hear  Mountains. 


(())    C.  ELLIP'JICA. 

Ident.     Willd.  Spec.  II.  p.  G'J8.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  51. 
Syn.     Anavinga  lanceolata,  Lam. 
Enyrw.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  184-9. 

SPLC.  CH  VR.  Large  shrub  :  leaves  elliptic-lanceolate,  somewhat 
serrated,  bluntly  mucronate,  young  ones  vchety  beneath  :  pedicels 
axillary,  aggicgated,  1-floweied  :  flowers  greenish-yellow. 

Southern  India,  iu  junglf  s  near  the  coast.  It  is  frequent  among 
Jnibhes  neai  wells  in  the  W'Jinty  of  pagodas, 


(7)    C.  URYVLOLENS.       (Dtlh.) 

Ident.      Dal/.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  11.—  Hook.  Jour.  Hot.  IV.  p.  107. 

Sprc.  Cii'VH.  Tree  :  leaves  shoit-petiolcd,  broad-elliptic,  shoitly 
Acuminated,  slightly  and  obtusely  serrated  ;  stipules  lanceolate, 
acuminated,  glabrous:  pedicels  articulated  above  the  base,  very 
short  :  fruit  oblong,  almost  round,  smooth,  shining  :  flowers  numer- 
ous, clustered  in  the  axils,  green. 

On  open  hills  in  the  South  Concan.  Flowering  in  the  rainy 
season.  The  smell  of  the  flowers  is  very  disagreeable. 


(8)  C.  LtviavTA.     (Dak.) 

Ident,  Hook,  Jour.  Bot.  IV.  p.  108.—  Dal/:.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  11, 
SPIC.  CHAR.  A  glabious  shiub  :  leaves  sborUpetiolcd,  oblong, 
acuminated,  obscurely  sei  rated,  half-folded,  coriaceous,  binning  on 
both  bides  :  stipules  acuminated  :  pedicels  articulated  above  tho 
base:  bark  on  the  young  brunches  white  and  polished  :  ilowcis 
plastered  in  the  axils,  gicenish. 

Near  the  sea-coast,  South  Concari.     Flowering  in  June  and  July. 

(9)  C.  RUBLSCLNS.     (Dak.) 

Ident.     Uook.  Jour.  Bot.  IV.  p.  108.—  Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  11. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Glabrous  shrub  :  leaves  ovate-oblong,  quite  entiie, 
rounded  at  the  base,  suddenly  and  obtusely  acuminated,  coriaceous  : 
margins  recurved  .  younger  leaves  with  the  midiib  biight-red:  stU 
pules  minute,  scale-like  ;  iiuit  oblong,  glabrous,  seated  in  a  ring  : 
flowers  gieenish-yellow. 

Western  Glmuts,  floweiing  in  February. 


ORDER  LIII.    CHAILLETIACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs,  with  alternate  entire  stipulate  leaves  :  sepals 
5  :  petals  5,  alternate  with  the  sepals,  inserted  into  the  base  of 
tlw  calyx,  generally  2-cleft:  stamens  alternate  with  the  petals, 
and  combined  uith  them  at  the  base:  anthers  ovate:  glands 
usually  5,  opposite  the  petals :  ovary  superior,  2-3-celled  :  ovulea 
twin,  pendulous:  style  simple:  stigma  2-lobed:  drupo  1-3- 
celled :  seed  solitary,  naked  or  arillato,  exalbumcnous. 

OEXUS  I.     MOACURRA. 
Feniaiulrifi  lli^^iiia.    So  .  > V  . 

J)cnv,      U'hc  \crnaculur  name  in  Silhet  latinized. 


254 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft:  petals  5:  ovary  2-celled :  cells 
2-seeded :  capsule  2-lobcd  :  seed  solitary,  \vith  an  aril. 

(1)     M.   GELONIODES.       (Roxb.) 

Idertt.     Roxb.  fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  69.— Dalz.  Bomb.  ilor.  p.  52. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree :  leaves  alternate,  short-petioled,  broad- 
lanceolate,  entire,  tapering  :  stipules  subulate,  villous  :  capsule  trans- 
versely oval,  2-lobed,  dehiscent,  coveicd  with  grey  down  :  seed  en- 
veloped in  red  aril  :  flowers  numerous,  collected  in  axillary,  solitary, 
short-peduncled  fascicles. 

Rain  Ghaut,  Bombay.     Silhet.     Flowering  in  April  and  May. 


ORDER  LIV.    HOMALIACEJE. 

Trees  or  shrubs :  leaves  alternate,  toothed  or  entire :  stipules 
deciduous  or  wanting:  flowers  in  spikes,  racemes  or  panicles : 
calyx  5--15-cleft:  petals  alternate  with  the  segments  of  the 
cah  x  :  stamens  arising  from  the  base  of  the  petals,  cither  singly 
or  in  threes  or  in  sixes :  anthers  2-celled,  opening  lengthwise  : 
ovary  1 -celled,  with  numerous  pendulous  ovules:  styles  3-5, 
simple  :  fruit  baccate  or  capsuLir :  seeds  slightly  albumenous. 

GENUS  I.     HOMALIUM. 
JPolyadelplila  Polyanriria.    Sex.-  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  the  Greek  Horn  alas,  equal  or  regular  ;  the  stamens 
are  21,  and  regularly  divided  into  fascicles  of  threes. 

GLN.  CHAR.  Calyx  somewhat  conical,  the  limb  disposed  in  a 
double  series,  10— 14-pirted :  inner  lobes  narrowest:  glands  6— 7t 
inserted  at  the  base  of  the  inner  lobes  of  the  calyx  :  stamens  fasci- 
cled, 3  or  G  in  each  bundle :  styles  3,  filiform. 

(1)  H.  ZEYLANICUM.     (Benth.*) 

Ident.     Jour.  Proc.  Linn,  Soc.  IV.  p.  35. 

Syn,  Blai-kwellia  Zeylanica,  Gardn.  in  Calc»  Jour.  Nat.  Hist. 
VII.  /?.  452.— B.  tetrandria,  R.  W. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1851. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  ovate,  bluntly  serrated,  somewhat 
abruptly  acuminate  :  racemes  elongated,  slightly  tomentose  :  flowers 
small,  white. 

Ram  Ghaut.     Bombay.     Pulney  Hills.  ? 


ORDERLY.   MORINGACEA 

Trees:  calyx  5-clcft:  petals  5,  the  upper  one  ascending: 
Stamens  perigynous :  filaments  flat  and  hairy  at  the  base :  an- 
thers 8-10,  peltate,  simple,  1-celled :  ovary  stalked,  1 -celled : 
atyle  filiform :  stigma  simple ;  capsule  pod-like,  1 -celled,  3-vaIv- 
ed :  seeds  numerous :  albumen  none. 

GENUS  I,    MORINGA. 
Decauclria  Monogynia.    Sex    fytt . 

Deriv,    The  Malabar  name  latinized. 

GEN.  CHAR.     Character  the  same  as  that  of  the  oidcr. 

(1)  M,  PERYGOSPERMA.     (Gaertn.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  178,— Dec.  prod,  II,  p,  478. 

Syn.  M.  Zeylamca,  Pets — Guilandina  Moringa,  ValiL Hy- 

peranthera  Moringa,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind*  II,  p.  368.— Anoma  Moringa, 
Lour. — M,  polygama,  Dec. 

Engrav.  Rheecle  Mai.  VI.  t.  11.— Humph.  Amb.  I  t  74  — 
Wight's  111.  I.  t.  77. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  leaves  twice  and  thrice  pinnate  :  leaf- 
lets  small :  ,r>  stamens  without  anthers  :  capsules  triquetrous  :  seeds 
3-angled  :  the  angles  expanding  into  wings ;  flowers  white. 

Peninsula.  Hindostan.  Floweiing  in  the  hot  season.  The  root 
is  the  horse-radish  of  Anj»lo-Indians,  and  the  fruit  is  eaten  in  cur- 
ries. The  tree  yields  a  large  quantity  of  gum.  The  oil  of  the  seeds 
in  the  West  Indies  is  used  .is  salad  oil,  und  is  employed  by  watch- 
makers because  it  does  not  conge.il  or  turn  rancid. 

(2)  M.  CONCANENSIS.     (Nimmo.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  311. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaves  2-3-pinnate :  leaflets  larger  and 
rounder  than  the  former  species:  anthers  5,  1 -celled  :  flowers  yel- 
lowish, with  pink  streaks. 

Concan  jungles,  flowering  in  November. 


256 


ORDER  LVL    LEGUMINOSjE, 

frees  shrubs  or  herbaceous  plants :  leaves  alternate,  usually 
trifoliate  or  pinnated,  with  stipules  at  the  base  of  the  petiole 
and  at  the  base  of  each  leaflet :  pedicels  generally  articulated  j 
calyx  5-partite,  toothed  or  cleft,  with  the  odd  segment  anterior : 
segments  often  unequal  and  variously  combined :  petals  5,  or 
less  by  abortion  or  wanting,  inserted  into  the  base  of  tho  calyx, 
usually  unequal,  the  odd  petal  superior:  stamens  definite  or 
indefinite,  perigynous  or  hypogynous,  distinct,  monadelphous  or 
diadelphous :  anthers  2-cclled,  versatile :  ovary  1-ccllcd,  almost 
always  solitary:  style  and  stigma  simpler  fruit  a  legume  or  a 
drupe :  seed  solitary  or  several,  occasionally  with  an  aril :  albu- 
men none. 

TRIBE  I.    PAPILIONACE/E. 

Sepals  imbricated  or  slightly  valvate  in  aestivation  :  corolla  pa- 
pilionaceous, ii regular  :  stamens  inserted  into  the  bottom  of  the 
ealyx  or  perigynous :  leaves  simple  or  simply  compound,  never 
twice  or  thrice  pinnated. 

GENUS  I.     SOPHORA. 
Deo  and  r  la  Ifloiiogynia.    Sex:  Systt 

Deriv.  Fiom  the  Arabic  word  Sopfiero,  the  name  of  a  tree  with 
pea  flowers. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed,  campanulate  :  petals  of  the  keel 
usually  combined  at  the  apex :  legume  moniliform,  not  winged, 
seveial  seeded. 

(1)  S.  GLMJCA.     (Lesch.} 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  179.— Dec.  prod,  IT.  p.  95. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  51. — Icon.  t.  979. 

Srcc.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  irregularly  pinnated  :  leaflets  19- 
23,  elliptical,  mucronate,  upper  side  glaucous  and  velvety,  under 
nllous:  racemes  terminal,  ciovvded  :  llowers  middle-sized,  uhite 
.mged  \\ith  rose. 

Neilgherrk-s,  fioweiing  nearly  all  the  year. 


257 

(2)  S.  HEPTAPHYILA.     (Linn.} 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III.— Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  7^ 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1155. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaflets  5-9  pair,  elliptic-oblong,  acute* 
margins  recurved,  glabrous  above,  rusty-pubescent  beneath :  sti- 
pules rigid,  subulate  :  racemes  leaf-opposed,  lax,  about  the.  lengtb 
of  the  leaves :  legume  slender,  covered  with  hairy  pubescence,  at- 
tenuated at  the  apex,  much  contracted  between  the  seeds :  seeds. 
2-4,  oval,  smooth  :  flowers  yellow. 

Hills  east  of  Belgaum.  Neilgherries.  Flowering  in  the  rainy 
season. 

GENUS  II.    EDWARDSIA. 
Derail clrta  Hfonogynla.    Sex:  Syst.- 

Deriv.  In  honor  of  Sydenham  Edwards,  a  celebrated  Englisk 
Botanical  Draughtsman. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  obliquely  5-toothed,  with  the  upper  side 
cleft :  petals  5,  distinct :  keel  long  :  legume  moniliform,  4-wingedv 
many-seeded, 

(1)  E.  MADRASPATANA,    (R.  W.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  1054. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaves  unequally  pinnate :  leaflets  about;, 
25,  glabrous,  elliptic  or  subovate,  obtuse,  mucronate :  legumes 
villous  :  racemes  axillary  or  terminal,  slightly  pubescent :  many- 
flowered  :  flowers  golden  coloured. 

Balaghaut  mountains,  near  Madras. 

GENUS  III.    ORMOSIA. 
Deeamlria  Moiiogyiiia.    Sex.Syst? 

Deriv,  From  Orrnos,  a  necklace.  The  seeds  of  one  of  the  specie* 
are  strung  for  necklaces. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  bilabiate  :  upper  lip  2-lobed  :  lower  one  3-* 
parted :  vexillum  hardly  longer  than  the  wings  and  keel :  style 
incurved,  crowned  by  2  approximate  stigmas :  legume  woody, 
pressed,  2-valved,  1-2-seeded. 

(1)  O.  ROBUSTA.     (R,  W.) 

Ident.  Wight's  Icon.  vol.  III. 
Syn.  Sophora  robusta,  Roxb. 
Engrav,  Wight'b  Icon,  t,  215» 


258 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  :  young  parts  densely  clothed  with 
rusty-coloured  tomentum  •  leaves  unequally  pinnate,  6-12  inehes 
long  :  leaflets  4-5  pair,  lanceolate,  entire,  smooth  :  legume  usually  !•* 
seeded  :  panicles  teiminal  and  axillary,  as  long  as  the  leaves :  flow-< 
ers  numerous,  largish,  dullish-white. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  April  and  May.  This  may  probably  prove 
the  type  of  a  new  genus.  (See  Wight's  remarks.  Icon.  vol.  UL) 

GENUS  IV.    VIRGILIA. 
Oeemtflrla  IHoitogyijtia.    Sex:  Sy$t.- 

Derh.     Called  after  the  poet  Virgil. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  unequally  5-cleft,  somewhat  bilabiate:  pe» 
tals  about  equal :  stamens  distinct  or  shortly  united  at  the  base : 
stigma  beardless  :  legume  compressed,  oblong-linear,  several-seeded* 

(1)  V.  AiniEA.     (Lam.) 

Jdent.     W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  179.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  98. 

Syn*     Robinia  subdecandria,  L'lhr. — Podalyria  aurea,  Willd. 

Enyrav.     L'ller.  Stirp.  Nov.  t.  75.— Wight's  111.  I.  t.  81, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  young  shoots  slightly  pubescent :  leavea 
unequally  pinnated  :  leaflets  9-10  pair,  oval,  obtuse,  nearly  gla- 
brous :  upper  lip  of  the  calyx  2-Iohed  :  segments  of  the  lower  ovate4 
acutish :  keel  petals  overlapping  at  the  lower  margin,  distinct  3 
9  stamens  shortly  connected  at  the  base,  the  tenth  quite  distinct ;. 
legume  glabrous* :  iloweis  yellow. 

Cour  tall  urn. 

GENUS  V.    HEYLANDIA. 
Moiiu<lel|ilifa  llecaiiclria.    to    Syst: 

Deriv,  Named  after  M.  Heyland,  an  artist  employed  by  D$ 
Candolle. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-eleft :  lobes  nearly  equal :  keel  obliquely 
truncated,  acuminated  :  the  stamen-sheath  cleft  in  front :  style  bentx 
nearly  forming  a  right  angle :  legume  compressed,  1 -celled*  1-2* 
seeded. 

(1)    H.  LATEBROSA.       (DeC.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  ISO.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  123, 
Syn.     H.  hebecarpa,  Dec.— II.  leiocarpa,  Dec. — Hallia  hirta* 
Willd. — H,  monophylla,  Desb. — Iledysarum  latebrosum,  Linns~* 
Crotalaria  uniflora,  Koen.  Roxb.jL  Ind*  III.  p.  271. 
1'luk,  t,  454,  f,  8, 


259 

Spfec.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  plant :  hairy,  dichotomou*}  t  leaves 
fchort-petioled,  obliquely  cordate-ovate  :  legumes  more  or  less'hairy  • 
flowers  axillary,  solitary,  nearly  sessile,  small,  yellow. 

Coromandel.    Bombay,    Hurdwar.    Flowering  in  the  cold  season, 

GENUS  VI.     CROTAIAIUA. 
Monadelpliia  IloeasuSria.    Scv  •  Syit* 

I)ert0.  From  Krotalon,  a  rattle,  because  the  pods  are  inflated, 
find  the  seeds  rattle  when  they  are  shaken. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbs  or  shrubs :  stipules  and  bracts  small  or 
granting,  occasionally  large :  leaves  simple  or  pulmntely  compound, 
With  3-7  leaflets:  calyx  5-lobecl,  somculiat  2 -lipped  :  the  upper 
lip  2,  the  lower  3-ck-ft :  vexillum  laigc,  coidale:  keel  falcate, 
usually  tapering :  filaments  united:  legumes  turgid:  valves  inflaN 
ted  :  seeds  compressed,  reniform. 

(1)  C.  RUBIGINOSA.     (Willd.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  181.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  125. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  885. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Low  shrub,  branched,  diffuse,  densely  pubescent  J 
stipules  triangular  at  the  apex,  decurrent:  leaves  simple,  elliptic- 
oblong  or  roundish,  mucronate,  slightly  tomentose  and  glaucous 
beneath :  racemes  lateral :  legume  sessile,  about  twice  the  length 
df  the  calyx  :  flowers  yellow. 

Neilgherries.     Dindigul  Hills. 

(2)    C.  SCABRELLA.       (W.  fy  4.) 

tdent.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  181. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Procumbent :  densely  and  harshly  pubescent  .' 
branches  elongated,  simple,  straight :  stipules  with  an  acuminated* 
rigid*  recurved  point:  leaves  oval,  nuicronate,  somewhat  tomentose 
and  glaucous  beneath  :  racemes  lateral :  legume  short-stalked,  4- 
6  times  longer  than  the  calyx,  glabrous  :  flowers  yellow. 

Mountainous  districts  of  the  Peninsula. 

(3)  C.  WiaiiTiANA.     (Grah.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  181. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  tall,  erect,  branched  plant,  covered  with  rusty* 
coloured  shining  hairs  :  stipules  mucronatc  :  leaves  elliptic-obovate, 
obtuse,  mucronatc  :  racemes  lateral :  legumes  2  -3  times  the  length 
of  the  calyx,  glabrous. 

Dindigul  Hills. 


260 

(4)  C.  ANfriiYLLOiDES.     (Lam.) 

)dent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  181,.— Don.  prod.  fl.  Nep.  p,  241, 
•"--Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  129. 

$yn.  C.  stricta,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  265.-—C.  Roxbur£hi* 
ana,  Dec. — C.  calycina,  Dec, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  annual,  clothed  with  brownish  hairs  : 
stipules  setaceous :  leaves  oblong-linear  or  lanceolate*  sometimes 
•slightly  hairy  above :  calyx  deeply  5-cleft,  very  hairy,  longer  than 
the  corolla :  legume  glabrous,  sessile,  broader  towards  the  apex, 
shorter  than  the  calyx  :  racemes  terminal :  flowers  occasionally  ax* 
illary  and  solitary,  middle-sized,  sulphur. 

Dindigul.  Bombay.  Bengal.  Assam  and  Silhet.  Flowering 
in  the  cold  season. 

(5)  C.  BARBATA.     (Grali.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  181. — Icon.  t.  980. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  52. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect  plant,  densely  clothed  with  dark* 
Tnrown  hairs  :  stipules  very  minute:  leaves  oblong-lanceolate :  calyx 
deeply  5-cleft,  very  hairy,  a  little  shorter  than  the  corolla :  legume 
glabrous,  stalked,  2-3  times  the  length  of  the  calyx  :  style  and 
stigma  woolly  at  the  apex  :  racemes  terminal :  flowers  few,  yellow. 

Neilgherries. 

(6)  C.  MYSORENSIS.     (Roth.) 

Jdenl.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  182.— Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  126. 
Syn.     C.  stipulacea,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  264. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  erect,  hairy  all  over :  stipules  leafy, 
linear-lanceolate,  often  almost  half  the  length  of  the  leaves  :  leaves 
linear,  or  narrow-oblong,  obtuse  :  calyx  very  hairy,  deeply  5-cleft, 
about  as  long  as  the  corolla :  legume  twice  as  long  as  the  calyx, 
glabrous,  almost  sessile,  broader  upwards,  with  numerous  seeds : 
racemes  terminal  or  lateral,  drooping  before  flowering,  and  after* 
wards  «rcct :  flowers  distant,  yellow. 

Courtallum.     Mysore. 

(7)  C.  SALICIFOLIA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  182. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  erect  plant,  thickly  clothed  with  rusty- 
coloured  hairs  :  stipules  none :  lower  leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  upper 
ones  narrow-linear,  acuminated :  calyx  deeply  5-cleft,  as  long  as 
the  corolla,  hairy,  with  a  bracteole  on  each  side  at  the  base  :  vexil- 
lum  and  bracteoles  glabrous,  with  a  line  of  hairs  along  the  middle  : 
legumes  large,  glabrous ;  racemes  terminal,  very  long,  with  a  few 
distant  flowers, 

Peninsula* 


261 

(8)    C.  HIRTA.       (mild.) 

tdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  182.—  Dec.  prod.  II,  p.  130. 

Syn.     C.  chinensis,  Roxb.  /,  Ind.  III.  p.  268. 

fingrav.    Pluk.  t.  185.  f.  4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  diffuse,  hairy  :  stipules  sometimes  at 
'the  forks  of  the  branches  :  leaves  linear-oblong,  inucronate,  some- 
times cuneate  at  the  base  :  bracts  lanceolate,  twice  as  long  as  the 
pedicels  :  calyx  5-cleft  to  below  the  middle,  very  hairy  :  legume 
oval,  sessile,  glabrous,  about  twice  as  long  as  the  calyx,  15-20- 
seeded  :  racemes  terminal,  few-flowered  :  flowers  largish,  yellow. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  October.  C.  montana  (Roxl.)  seems 
to  be  a  mere  glabrous  variety  of  the  above. 

(9)  C.  SPECIOSA.    (ffcyne.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  182.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  129. 
fingrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  29. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  branched,  rough  with  rusty-coloured  hairs: 
stipules  wanting  or  very  minute  :  leaves  narrow-oblong,  mucronate  : 
flowers  densely  capitate  :  heads  terminal,  panicled  :  bracts  broadly 
lanceolate,  the  length  of  the  flowers,  and,  with  the  calyx,  and  vex- 
illum,  and  keel,  covered  with  rusty-coloured  hairs  :  calyx  deeply 
5-cleft. 

Mysore. 

(10)  C.  FULVA.    (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  183.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  266, 
SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect,  branched  shrub  :  densely  clothed  with 
white  or  fulvous  hairs  :  stipules  none  :  leaves  oblong-lanceolate,  rnu- 
cronate,  silky  on  both  sides  when  young:  racemes  terminal,  and 
from  the  upper  axils  :  bracts  at  length  recurved  :  calyx  densely 
silky  :  vexillum  silky  :  legume  sessile,  oval,  villous,  enclosed  in  the 
enlarged  calyx,  2-seeded. 

Mysore.     Neilgherries.     Colemala  and  Ram  Ghaut. 


(11)  C.  LONGIPES.    (W. 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  183. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  branched  shrub  :  stipules  none  :  leaves 
oblong-oval,  both  sides  clothed  with  silky  pubescence:  racemea 
terminal  and  from  the  upper  axils  :  calyx  deeply  bilabiate  :  upper 
lip  2-parted,  lower  3-cleft,  silky  :  vexillum  silky  :  legume  stalked^ 
cylindric-oblong,  glabrous,  8-1  0  -seeded, 

Colemala. 


262 

(12)    C.  PANICULMA, 

W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.   183.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  126.-1 
koxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  274. 

$yw.     C.  chinensis,  Lam. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  villous  all  over :  stipules  fascicled,  axiU 
lary  :  leaves  simple1,  narrow-oblong,  mucronate  :  racemes  panicled  : 
calyx  segments  recurved  at  the  margins  and  viscous :  vexillum 
silky  on  the  outside :  legumes  oblong,  pubescent,  about  the  length 
of  the  calyx,  1-2-seeded:  flowers  large,  yellow. 

Hills  near  Vellore,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(1£)    C.   RAMOSISSIMA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  183.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  268. 
Syn.     C.  pellita,  Bert.  Dec*  prod.  II.  p.  128. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  much  branched,  spreading,  villous  : 
stipules  linear  or  none  :  leaves  simple,  approximate,  cuneatc-lincar, 
obtuse  :  racemes  terminal,  lew-flowered  towards  the  apex,  formirfg  a 
kind  of  leafy,  terminal  panicle  :  bracts  alternate,  recurved,  viscous 
on  the  upper  side  :  calyx-segments  unequal,  the  upper  ones  largest: 
margins  re  volute,  viscous  :  vexillum  silky :  legumes  oval,  hairy  j 
1-seeded,  about  as  long  as  the  calyx  :  flowers  largish,  yellow. 

Interior  of  Bengal.     Peninsula.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  yean 
(M)  C.  LUNULATA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  183. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  480. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  much  branched,  covered  all  over  with 
soft  glabrous  hairs :  stipules  and  bracts  stem-clasping,  reflexed,  vis- 
cid on  the  upper  side  :  leaves  oblong- oval  or  oval-lanceolate,  ob* 
tuse :  racemes  panicled :  calyx  shorter  than  the  corolla :  vexillum 
silky  :  legume  roundish-oblong,  about  the  length  of  the  calyx,  ses« 
sile,  silky,  l»seedcd» 

Tanjore. 

(15)    C.   SUBPERrOtlATA.       (TTtf/kt.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  184. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  branched,  covered  with  silky  hairs  : 
stipules  none :  leaves  elliptic-obovate,  mucronate :  racemes  few- 
flowered,  axillary  and  terminal,  forming  a  kind  of  large,  leafy  pa- 
nicle :  bracts  opposite,  viscid  on  the  upper  surface  :  pedicels  oppo- 
site, with  2  bracteoles  at  the  base  of  the  calyx  :  margins  of  the 
sepals  recurved  :  vexillum  silky :  style  bearded  towards  the  apex  : 
legume  clavate-oblong,  long-stalked,  pubescent,  much  longer  than 
the  calyx. 

Dindigul  Hills, 


263 

06)   C.  CANDICANS.       (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  184. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  covered  with  white  soft  hairs,  shaggy 
on  the  branches  and  silky  on  the  leaves  :  leaves  simple,  broad-oval, 

nminently  nerved,  beneath  :  racemes  terminal,  on  short,  panicledj 
-leaved  branches:  bracts  alternate,   reniform,  reflexed,   viscous* 
above  :    calyx   vexillum  and   ovary   covered  with  fulvous  hairs  : 
margins  of  the  sepals  revolute,  viscous. 
Nettgherries, 

(17)  C.  MADURENSIS.     (Wight.) 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  184. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  covered  all  over  with  soft,  fulvous 
hairs  :  leaves  simple,  ovate,  obtuse  :  racemes  numerous,  terminal, 
on  short  panicled  axillary  branches  :  bracts  alternate,  ovate,  reflex- 
ed at  the  apex,  viscous  on  their  upper  side  :  c<ilyx,  vexillum  and 
ovary  silky  with  fulvous  hairs  :  legumes  oblong,  almost  sessile, 
covered  with  rusty  pubescence,  many-seeded. 

Madura  Hills.     Neilgherries. 


(18)    C.  PULCHERRIMA. 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  184.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  267. 
.—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  125. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  481.  —  Sim's  Bot.  Mag.  t.  2027.—* 
Andr.  Bot.  Rep.  t.  601. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  branched  shrub  covered  with  fulvous, 
soft  hairs  :  stipules  none  :  leaves  cuneate-obovate,  obtuse  :  racemea 
terminal,  on  panicled  axillary  1-2-leaved  branches  :  bracts  alter- 
nate, reflexed,  viscous  on  the  upper  surface  :  calyx  and  vexillum 
filky  with  fulvous  hairs  :  legumes  sessile,  oblong,  glabrous,  hid  in 
the  permanent  calyx,  few-seeded  :  flowers  large,  bright-yellow. 

Mysore,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(19)  C.  JUNCEA.    (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  185.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  125.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  259.—  Drury's  Useful  PI.  p.  166. 

Syn.  C.  Bengalensis,  Lam.  —  C.  tenuifolia  Roxb.  —  C.  fenestra- 
ta,  Dec.  I.  c.  —  C.  sericea,  Willd. 

Engrav.  Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  193.—  Bot.  Mag.  XIV.  t.  490.— 
Sim's  B.  M.  t.  1933. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect  branched  shrub,  more  or  less  pubescent  or 
hairy  :  stipules  and  bracts  bristly  :  leaves  narrow-linear,  or  ovate- 
lanceolate,  mucronate  or  acute  :  calyx  densely  covered  with  rusty 
Momentum,  the  three  lower  segments  usually  cohering  at  the  apex  ^ 


264 

racemes  terminating  every  branch  :  legumes  sessile,  oblong,  twic* 
the  length  of  the  calyx,  tomentose*  many-seeded  :  flowers  distant, 
bright-yellow. 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year.  This  species  which  is 
known  as  the  Sunn  plant  is  extensively  cultivated  in  India  for  the 
sake  of  its  fibres  which  make  strong  hemp  for  cordage  canvas  and 
paper. 

(20)  C.  OBTEXTA.     (Grah.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  185. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  208-383. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose  erect  plant,  densely  tomentose:  leaves 
oval,  mucronate  :  racemes  terminal,  elongated  :  bracteoles  on  the 
middle  of  the  pedicels  :  calyx  densely  covered  with  rusty  tomen- 
turn  :  segments  distinct :  legumes  sessile,  oblong,  much  longer- 
than  the  calyx,  densely  tomentose,  many-seeded  :  flowers  numer-^ 
ous,  approximate. 

Peninsula. 

(21)  C.  FORMOSA,     (Grah.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  186. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  981. — Spicil.  I.  t.  53. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  villous  all  over  :  stipules  reflexed  :  leaver 
cuneate-obovate,  obtuse,  glabrous  above,  villous  beneath  :  bracta, 
lanceolate,  the  lower  ones  without  flowers  :  bracteoles  on  the  middle 
of  the  pedicels  :  legume  oblong,  glabrous,  much  longer  than  the 
calyx,  many-seeded  :  flowers  in  a  dense  raceme  at  the  extremity 
of  the  branches,  yellow. 

Neilgherries. 

(22)  C,  LESCHENAULTII.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  186.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  125. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect  plant,  glabrous  :  stipules  reflexed  :  leaves, 
cuneate,  narrow-obovate,  obtuse,  villous  underneath :  racemes  ter- 
minal :  bracts  broad-lanceolate,  about  as  long  as  the  pedicel :  brac- 
teoles below  the  middle  of  the  pedicel :  flowers  numerous,  distant, 
much  larger  than  the  glabrous  calyx. 

Neilgherries. 

(23)  C.  SERICEA.     (Retz.) 

Ident.    W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  186.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  273t 
Syn.     C.  spectabilis,  Roth.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  125. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t,  26. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  branched,  glabrous  :  stems  obtusely  angled? 
jtipules  large,  semi-sagittate,  reflexed :  leaves  lanceolate,  cuneate 


265 

at  the  base,  inucronatc,  slightly  glaucous  and  silky  pubescent  belrtw  : 
racemes  terminal,  many-flo\\eied  :  biacts  cordate,  reflexed,  lower 
ones  without  flowers :  calyx  -.mailer  than  the  corolla,  glabrous  s 
legume  oblong,  glabrous,  j.Kiny-seedcd  :  flowers  large,  bright-yel- 
low. 

Peninsula.     Assam.     Bombay.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 
(21)  C.  PEDUNCUI  ARIS.     (Grali.) 

tdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  186. — Dalz.  Bomb,  flor.  p.  55. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  tall  plant,  sparingly  branched,  glabrous  : 
stipules  wanting  •  lea\es  oblong  to  narrow-linear,  acuminated:  ra- 
cemes terminal,  elongated,  lax  :  calyx  glabious  •  legume  cylindric- 
oblong,  attenuated  at  the  base,  glabrous,  many-seeded :  flo\vera 
distant,  very  large  on  long  pedicels. 

South  Concan.     Vingorla. 

(25)  C.  RETINA.     (Linii.) 

Ident.  \V.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  IH7.-  Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  125.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  272. 

Syn.     Lupinus  Cochinchinensis,  Lour, — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  410. 

Engrav.  Rluede  Mai.  IX.  t.  25.- -Humph,  Amb.  V.  t.  90.  f.  1, 
— Bot.  Mag.  t.  2501.— Bot.  Reg.  t.  253. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  blanched,  nc.nly  glabrous:  stipules  and 
bracts  often  wanting:  leaves  cuneate-oblong,  retuse  or  rounded, 
Under  sides  silky  pubescent,  racemes  terminal,  many-flowered  ' 
calyx  glabrous  :  legume  oblong,  broader  upwards,  sessile,  glabrous, 
many-seeded:  ilovvers  yellow. 

Peninsula.  Assam.  Bombay.  Flown  ing  nearly  all  the  year* 
The  fibres  of  the  bark  are  employed  in  many  places  in  manufac* 
turing  cordage  and  canvas. 

(20)  C.  VERRUCOSA.     (Lfnn  ) 

Idcnt.  AV.  &A.  prod.  I.  p.  187.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  125.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  273. 

6^7?.  C.  angulosa,  Lam, — Roxb.jL  Ind.  III.  p.  274. — C.  cyeru* 
tea,  Jacq.  1c.  liar.  t.  114. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  200.— Bot.  Mag.  t.  3034.—- Bot.  Reg* 
t.  1134. — Bunn.  Zcyl.  t.  34. — Rhcede  Mai.  IX.  t.  29. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Hcibaceous,  erect,  much  branched  :  young  parts 
pubescent:  stems  and  racemes  acutely  3- 1 -angled:  stipules  lu- 
nate, transverse,  recurved  :  leaves  ovate,  suddenly  and  shortly  acu- 
minated at  the  base,  nearly  glabrous  :  racemes  terminal  and  leaf- 
opposed  :  calyx  slightly  pubescent,  smaller  than  the  corolla  :  legume 
cylindric-oblong,  sessile,  softly  pubescent,  many-seeded  :  flowers! 
largish,  blue. 

Peninsula,     Assam.     Flowering  in  the  cold  season* 


266 

(27)  C.     WALLICHIANA.     ( W.  $•  A.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  187. 

Syn.  C.  sempeiilorens,  Dec.  piod.  II.  p.  125. — Roxb.  fl.  Ind, 
111.  p.  274.— JF.  #  A.  piod.  I.  p.  187. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  982.— SpiciL  I.  t.  54. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect,  much  branched  :  young  branch- 
es bluntly  angled :  stipules  lunate,  transverse,  recurved :  leaves 
oval,  glabrous  above,  densely  pubescent  beneath :  racemes  terminal 
and  leaf-opposed,  thickly  pubescent :  pedicels  longer  than  the  ca- 
lyx which  is  densely  pubescent :  legume  clavate-oblong,  stalked, 
softly  pubescent,  many-seeded  :  floweis  yellow. 

Neilgherries,  flowering  all  the  year. 

(28)  C.  HEYNEANA.     (Grah.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  187. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suftruticosc,  erect,  branched  :  young  parts  slightly 
pubescent :  stipules  lunate,  transverse,  recurved  :  leaves  oval,  point- 
ed at  both  ends,  shortly  pubescent  beneath  :  racemes  terminal  : 
calyx  pubescent :  the  upper  lip  more  deeply  cleft  than  the  lower  ; 
legume  much  longer  than  the  calyx,  pubescent. 

Mysore.     Travancore. 

(29)  C.  IIIRSUTA.     (Jrilld.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  188.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  126.— Roxb. 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  270. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial ;  herbaceous,  procumbent,  hairy  :  leaves 
broad-oval  to  oblong,  often  acute,  hairy  beneath :  racemes  terminal 
and  leaf-opposed  :  calyx  hairy,  cleft  almost  to  the  base :  vexillum 
glabrous,  purple-spotted  :  legume  sessile,  oblong,  broader  upwards, 
slightly  hairy,  twice  as  long  as  the  calyx,  8-10-seeded. 

Samulcottah. 

(30)  C.  BIFARIA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  188.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p,  127. 

Syn.     C.  dichotoma,  Roth. — Dec.  L  c. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  30. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  procumbent,  clothed  with  rigid  pubes- 
cence :  branches  slender,  elongated  :  leaves  from  orbicular  to  oblong 
or  narrow-linear,  pubescent,  or  at  length  nearly  glabrous  :  racemes 
terminal  and  leaf-opposed,  l~2-flowered  :  calyx  harshly  pubescent: 
segments  coloured  along  the  margins :  legumes  obovoid,  hispidly 
pubescent  or  hairy,  mottled  with  purple. 

Ram  Ghaut,     Belgaum,     Tanjore, 


267 

(31)  C.  EVOLVULOIDES.     (Wight.} 

Ident.     W.  £  A,  prod.  I.  p.  188. 

Syn.     C.  rubiginosa,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  269. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  31. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial;  hispidly  pubescent  or  hairy:  leaves 
from  oval  to  lanceolate,  nearly  glabrous  on  the  upper  side  :  racemes 
leaf-opposed,  3— 8-flowered  :  bracts  cordate,  reilexed  :  calyx  hairy, 
nearly  equal  to  the  corolla  :  legumes  much  longer  than  the  calyxj, 
sessile,  oblong,  about  3-seeded. 

Dindigul  Hills.     Monghyr. 

(32)  C.  PUSILLA.     (Ifrync.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  18(J.— Dec.  prod.  TI.  p.  128. 

SPEC.  CH\R.  A  small  annual,  branching  from  the  base,  hairy  ? 
stipules  wanting :  leaves  simple,  linear,  obtuse,  mucronate  :  racemes 
terminating  the  branches  :  bracts  setaceous,  caducous:  calyx  about 
as  long  as  the  corolla  :  legume  sessile,  2-3  times  the  length  of  the 
calyx,  oval,  hirsute,  3-4-aceded. 

Dindigul  Hills. 

(33)  C.  PROSTRATA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  189. — Roxb.  fl.  End.  III.  p.  270. 
*— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  130. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  SufFruticose  :  branching  from  the  base  :  branches 
hairy,  prostrate :  stipules  wanting :  leaves  simple,  elliptic-oblong, 
slightly  oblique  at  the  base,  with  a  few  silky  hairs,  especially  be- 
neath: racemes  leaf-opposed  or  teiminal,  on  almost  leafless  branches  : 
calyx  hairy,  upper  lip  2-cleft,  lower  deeply  3-cleft  :  legume  .ses- 
sile, glabrous,  oblong,  broader  upwards,  several-beuded :  flowers 
small,  yellow. 

Samulcottah.     Monghyr.     Flowering  neaily  all  the  year* 

(34)   C.  ALBJDA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  189.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  126. 
Syn.     C.  linifolia,  Wdld.—Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  2(>(>. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  branching  from  the  babe,  covered  all 
over  with  silvery  hairs  :  branches  procumbent :  stipules  none :  leaves 
cuneate-oblong,  obtuse  or  emarginate,  mucronate  :  racemes  termi- 
nal :  bracteoles  attached  to  the  tube  of  the  calyx  :  calyx  haiiy,  the 
two  upper  segments  lanceolate  and  longer  than  the  corolla  :  legume 
sessile,  glabrous,  oblong,  about  U\ice  the  length  of  the  calyx,  3-4-«. 
seeded  :  flowers  drooping. 

Neilgherries, 


268 

(35)  C.  UNiFOUA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     "VV.  &  A,  piod.  I.  p.  1  DO.—  Dec.  prod,  IT.  p.  12ft. 
Syn.     C.  cif.spitohd,  Roxb.  f.  Ltd.  III.  p.  269.—  f1.  ti-cta,  Z)<?c. 
p/'oc/.  II.  p.  126.  —  C.  montana,  Ueyne  in  Roth.  p.  3.35.  —  Dec.  1.  c. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Cavspitose,  suffruticosc,  diffuse,  branching  ftom  the 
base,  moie  or  less  strigose  :  stipule  none:  leaves  from  cuneate  to 
linear-oblong,  obtuse,  stiigose  beneath  :  racemes  terminal  :  brae-* 
teoles  attached  to  the  tube  of  the  calyx,  between  the  lips  :  calyx 
densely  hairy  :  upper  lip  broad,  and  shortly  2-cleft  :  legume  oblique* 
roundibh-ovoid,  senile,  glabrous,  scarcely  as  long  as  the  calyx> 
8-  1*2-  seeded. 

Peninsula.     Khandalla.     Surat, 

(36)   C.  BirroRY.     (Linn.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  190.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  127. 

Syn.  C.  nummulaiia,  JJ'iltd.  —  Dec.  L  c.  —  Rojrb.  jl.  Ind.  III.  j»» 
271.  —  C.  hiita,  Roth.  —  C.  Kothiann,  Dec.  L  c.  —  C.  Rothii,  Spreng. 
Syst.  III.  p.  237.  —  Astragalus  bifloms,  Linn.  Mant.  p.  273.  —  Cicer 
immmularisefolium,  Lain.  Dec.  prod.  11.  p.  354. 

Enyrav.      Pluk.  t.  381).  f.  5. 

STLC.  CH\R.  Prostiate,  diffuse,  hairy:  stipules  none:  leavea 
simple,  bifauous,  broadly  ovate,  slightly  oblique  at  the  base,  obtuse,. 
mucronate:  peduncles  k-.it-opposed,  3—1  times  longer  than  the  lca\es* 
about  2-flowered  :  calyx  hairy  ;  segments  about  equal  to  the  co-- 
yolla  :  legume  sessile,  globose,  hairy  :  seedb  numerous,  ciovvded. 

Peninsula. 


(37)  C.  OIOBOSA. 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  190. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Prostrate,  diffuse,  hairy  .  stipules  none  :  leaves 
simple,  orbicular:  peduncles  leaf-opposed,  about  2-Howered  :  calyx 
deeply  4-cleft,  hairy  :  segments  lanceolate-acuminate,  shoiter  than, 
the  corolla  :  legume  sessile,  globose,  sparingly  hairy,  hard-coriace-* 
ous,  about  -1  -seeded. 

Dindigul  Hills. 

(38)   C.  NANA.     (Barm.) 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  191.—  Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  127, 

Syn.     C.  biflora,  Willd. 

Engrav.     Burin,  flor.  Ind.  t.  48.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Caespitose,  hairy,  branching  from  the  base:  sti- 
pules wanting:  leaves  simple,  oblong,  broader  upwaids,  obtuse: 
flowers  2-3,  on  short  leaf-opposed  peduncles,  or  5-6  in  nearly  ses* 


269 

slle  terminal  umbels  :   calyx  very  liairy  :  legume  ovoid,  sessile,  gla- 
brous, black,  a  little  longer  than  tbe  calyx. 

Common  in  the  Southern  Provinces.  On  the  sea-shore  at 
Mai  wan. 

(39)  C,  UMBELLAI  v,     (  Wight.) 
Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  191. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Very  hairy,  branching  from  the  base  :  branches 
ascending,  twiggy  :  stipules  wanting:  leaves  oblong,  slightly  acute  : 
flowers  numerous,  forming  terminal  umbels :  calyx  very  hairy  : 
upper  lip  shortly  2-cleft :  legume  globose,  sessile,  glabrous,  blackj 
scarcely  longer  than  the  calyx,  G-8-seeded. 

Dindigul  Hills.     Vingorla.     Ram  Ghaut. 

(40)  C.  RIGIDA.      (/ley tie.) 

Ident.     W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  191. —Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  133. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  rigid  and  much  branched  shrub :  ultimate 
branchlets  pubescent :,  leaves  tiifoliolate,  very  shortly  petioled : 
leaflets  very  small,  broadly  obcordate,  pubebcent  beneath;  racemes 
few-flowered,  terminating  the  brauchlets. 

On  sandy  soil  near  Negapatam. 

(41)    C.  \VlLLDENOWI\NA.       (Dt'C.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  191.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  134. 
Syn.     C.  spartioides,  Spreny. — C.  genistoides,  Willd. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  much  branched,  villous  on  the  young 
parts  :  leaves  trifoliolate  :  leaflets  euneate-linear,  rctuse  or  emar- 
ginate,  about  twice  as  long  as  the  common  petiole,  pubescent, 
particularly  on  the  under  side  :  racemes  terminal,  G-N-flowercd  on 
the  extremity  of  the  branches,  and  2-1-fiowered  on  the  short  axil- 
lary branchlets. 

Peninsula. 

(42)    C.   ROSTRATA,       (JT.fr  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  191. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  much  branched  :  branches,  petioles  and 
racemes  softly  pubescent  :  leaves  trifolioLite  :  leaflets  obovate-ob» 
long,  mucronate  :  under  side  pale  with  silky  pubescence  :  racemes 
terminal  and  leaf-opposed,  many-flowered  :  flowers  approximated. 

Peninsula. 

(43)    C.  TRIFOLIASTRUM.       (Willd.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  191.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  277. 
Syn.     C.  medicaginea,  Dec.  prod.  II,  p.  133. — C.  stricta,  Both. 
Dec.  I.  c. 

v,     Wight's  Icon,  t,  421, 


270 

SPEC.  CIHR.  Suffiiitlcose,  \vith  erect  or  ascending  stems  :  branch- 
es straight  and  twiggy,  tomcntose  :  leaves  somewhat  distant,  trifo- 
liolate,  long-petioled  :  leaflets  cuneate,  obcordate,  slightly  hairy 
beneath:  racemes  terminal,  man\ -flowered,  with  occasionally  a 
few-flowered  peduncle  in  the  axils  of  the  upper  leaves  :  flowers 
distant,  largish,  yellow. 

Coromandel,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(44)  C.  NOTONII.     (W.  £  A.) 
Ident.     W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  192. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t,  752. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Sullruticose,  erect,  branches  shortish,  tomentose> 
leaves  slightly  approximated,  trifoliolate,  lon«»-petioled  :  leaflets 
cuneate-obovate,  scarcely  retuse,  mucionatc,  rather  longer  than  the 
petiole,  paler  and  slightly  hairy  beneath  :  lacvmes  tcimmal  or  I'-af- 
opposed,  shoitibh,  man} -flowered  :  flowers  approximated,  largish. 

Neilghernes. 

(45)  C.  MEDIC, \GINEA.     (Lam.} 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  192. 

Nyn.  C.  procumbent,  Rojcb.  ji%  Ind.  III.  p.  278. — C.  foliosa^ 
Willd.  Dec.  prod.  U.  p.  131. 

Ewjiav.     Pluk.  t.  98.  f.  7. 

SPEC.  CH\K.  Sufliulico&e,  prostrate,  diffuse,  branched,  pubes- 
cent :  leaves  trifoliolate  ;  leaflets  cumMte-oblong,  cmaigini.'v.  nearly 
twice  as  long  as  the  petiole,  slightly  pub'11, cent  iindenioX'i  :  porlun-» 
cles  leaf-opposed,  liliibim,  *2-%  ti  ^es  t!  ^  length  of  the  leaves,  2- 
floweicd  towaids  the  apex  :  Liactb  all  with  ilowers  in  their  uxils* 

Peninsula. 

(46)  C.  HERNIA RIOIDTS.     (W .  Sf  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  192. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial,  prostiate,  diffuse:  branches  filiform, 
pubescent  :  stipules  none  :  leaves  tiifoliolate  :  leaflets  orbicular- 
obcordate,  pubescent  on  the  under  side  :  peduncles  leaf-opposed, 
much  longer  than  the  leaves,  bearing  3—4  flowers  towards  the  apex. 

In  sandy  soil  near  Arcot. 

(47)  C.  L  \BURNIFOLIA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  193.— Dec.  prod,  II.  p.  ICO.— s 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  275. 

Syn.  C.  pendula,  Bert.  Dec.  I.  c. — C.  pedunculosa,  Desv.  Ded 
prod.  II.  p.  132. 

Engrao.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t,  35.— Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  27, 


271 

.  CHAR.  All  erect,  glabrous  shrub:  stipules  wanting:  leaves! 
trifoliolate  :  leaflets  bioadty  oval,  usually  acute  at  both  ends  :  ra* 
c£ines  terminal  and  loaf-opposed  :  biacteolcs  very  minute,  below  the 
middle  of  the  pedicel :  flowers  long-pedicelled  :  keel  acuminated, 
longer  than  the  vexillum,  s..»ui  twice  .is  long  as  the  wings  :  legume 
stalked,  glabrous,  c}lii"hic-ol>lung,  ,'}  times  as  long  as  broad  :  flow- 
ers h'r'je,  yellow. 

GoiriM-"i  in  the  Southern  Provinces.  South  Concans.  Flower- 
ing ne.uly  all  the  year. 

(18)  C.  ORIXEVSIS.     (JtoxbJ 

Ident.  W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  193.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind,  III.  p.  276, 
—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  lol. 

JEngrav.     Pluk.  t.  52.  f.   2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial,  herbaceous,  procumbent:  branches, 
racemes,  and  lower  side  of  the  leaves  slightly  hairy  :  leaves  trifo- 
liolate :  leaflets  obovate  :  racemes  elongated,  leaf-opposed  :  bracts 
cordate,  reflexed  :  coiolla  scaicely  longer  than  the  calyx  :  legume 
stalked,  glabrous,  shoil-c^limliical,  more  than  twice  the  length  of 
the  stalk,  few-seeded  .  flowers  small,  on  long  filiform  pedicels. 

Circars.     Travuiicore.     8  unit. 

(49)    C,   C'LAVATA.        (W.   fy  A.) 

Idem.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  194. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Erect,  branched,  covered  with  a  \\hitish  pubes- 
cence :  leaves  trifoliolate :  leaflets  cuneate-obovate,  retuse,  nmcro- 
nate  :  upper  side  glabrous :  petioles  grooved  above  :  racemes  leaf- 
opposed,  elongated:  bractcoK's  reflexed,  attached  to  the  base  of  the 
calyx:  calyx  half  the  length  oi  the  corolla:  upper  lip  shoiter  than 
the  lower :  legume  pendulous,  clavate,  slightly  pubescent,  many- 
seeded. 

Cunnawady,  ncai  Dincligul. 

(50)  C,  QuiNQUiFor.iA.     (Lin?t.J 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  194.— -Dec.  prod.  It.  p.  131.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  279. 

Syn.     C.  heterophylla,  Linn.  Dec.  I.  c. 
Enyrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  28. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  erect,  branched,  pubescent  or  glabrous  : 
stems  hollow  :  leaves  5-fbliolate,  some  of  them  occasionally  trifo- 
liolate :  leaflets  from  lanceolate  to  narrow-linear,  usually  longer 
than  the  petioles,  young  ones  silky-pubescent  beneath  :  racemes* 
terminal,  much  elongated:  (lowers  large,  rather  distant:  legumes 
clavate-oblong,  glabrous  :  seeds  very  numerous. 

Peninsula.     Salsette  on  the  margins  of  rice-fields. 


272 

(51)    C.   DIGITATA.       (Hook.) 

tdenl.  W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  191.— Hook.  Bot.  Misc.  It.  p» 
354. 

Engrav.     Bot.  Misc.  TI.  Suppl.  t.  10. 

SPEC.  CII^R.  Somewhat  shrubby  erect  plant,  everywhere,  ex- 
'ccpt  the  flowers,  densely  toinentose :  leaves  digitate:  leaflets  5j 
rarely  7,  obovate :  racemes  terminal  and  leaf-opposed,  elongated^ 
many-flowered :  flowers  large,  approximated,  on  long  pedicels  j 
legumes  large,  clavate-oblong  :  seeds  numerous. 

Madura  Hills. 

(52)  C.  GRAHAMIANA.     (IV.  fy  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  194. 

SPEC.  Cn AH.  An  eiect,  branched  shrub  t  everywhere  densely 
hairy,  except  thcflo\\eis:  leaves  digittate  :  leaflets  5-7,  cuneate- 
oblong,  obtuse  or  ictuse,  villous  underneath  :  racemes  terminal  : 
flowers  large,  approximated  on  longish  pedicels:  legumes  large^ 
oblong,  glabrous :  seeds  numerous. 

Dindigul  Hills. 

(53)  C.  BURHIA.     (Ham.} 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  54.— -Walp.  Report.  V.  p.  436. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  spreading,  much-branched  shrub  :  branchlets 
covered  with  silky  pubescence  :  leaves  oblong,  hairy  :  calyx  very 
hairy  :  legume  ovoid,  few-seeded,  hairy. 

Cambay.     Delhi. 

(54)  C.  FILIPES.     (Benth.) 

Ident.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  TT.  p.  472. — Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  56* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Prostiate,  ciliated  with  long  hairs :  stem  filiform^ 
Very  slender:  stipules  none:  leaves  obliquely  coidate-ovate  of 
sublanceolate  :  peduncles  very  slender,  1-2-flowered  :  legume 
ovoid,  glabrous,  twice  the  length  of  the  calyx,  many-seeded. 

Bombay.     Salsette. 

(55)  C.  EPUNCTATA.     (Dalz,) 

Ident.  Hook.  Jour.  Bot,  III.  p.  210. — Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  56* 
SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffiuticose,  diffuse,  branched  from  the  base: 
branches,  racemes  and  the  under  side  of  the  leaves  hairy  :  stipules 
sometimes  wanting  i  leaves  linear-oblong  :  racemes  terminal,  4-10- 
flowered  :  bracts  linear,  as  long  as  the  short  pedicels  :  upper  sepal 
deeply  2-cleft,  lower  3-cleft:  legume  cernuous,  smooth,  oblong< 
longer  than  the  cal>x,  many-seeded* 

South  Concan* 


273 

(56)  C.  TRIQUKTPA. 

Jdent.     Dalz,  Bomb,  flor.  p.  56.— Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  34. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  branches  prostrate,  with  spreading  hairs> 
acutely  3-sided :  stipules  ovate,  acute,  rcflexed :  leaves  oblong- 
elliptic,  slightly  cordate  at  the  base,  hairy  beneath :  racemes  leaf- 
opposed,  3- flowered,  6-7  times  longer  than  the  leaf:  legume  ob* 
Jong,  hairy,  much  longer  than  the  calyx,  many-seeded. 

Malwan,  flowering  in  September. 

(57)    C.    LRACTEV.TA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  278.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  130. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  273. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  leaves  tiifoliolatc  :  leaflets  oval,  acumi* 
nated  at  the  iipex,  glabrous  abote,  pubescent  beneath:  legumes 
pendulous,  almost  sessile,  densely  hairy  :  iio^eis  yellowish. 

Chittagong,  flowering  in  July. 

GENUS  VII.     ROTHIV. 
Moimilclpliia  Decaiulrla.    Sc*    Sy&t  t 

Derii\     In  honor  of  A.  W.  lloth,  a  German  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-eleft ;  segments  bioad,  2  upper  ones  faK 
cate  :  coroll  i  papilionaceous,  inscitcd  into  the  bottom  of  the  calyx  : 
vexiJlum  oblong-obovatc,  slightly  rccuived  to\\aids  the  apex  :  wings 
about  the  length  of  the  keel,  oblong :  style  glabrous,  iiliform,  stiaigHt : 
stigma  capitate, 

(1)    R.  TRIFOLIAT  V.       (PfTS.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  piod.  I.  p.  195.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  382. 

Syn.  Dillwynia  trifoliata,  Roth. — Westonla  humifusa,  Spreny* 
• — Glycine  humifusa,  Willd.— Trigondla  Indica,  Roxb.  jl.  Ind.  IIIV 
p.  389.— Lotus  Indicus,  Dec.  1.  c.  p.  210. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  199.— Pluk  t.  200.  f.  7.  and  t.  231. 
f.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  prostrate,  thickly  spiinkled  with  soft, 
silky  hairs :  calyx  c]cft  to  the  middle :  leaves  pctioled,  palmately 
trifoliolate ;  leaflets  nearly  sessile,  cimeatc-oblong,  rather  fleshy^ 
hairy  on  the  under  side :  stipules  foliaceous :  pedicels  solitary  or 
twin,  leaf-opposed :  flowers  small,  sulphur,  at  last  becoming  recU 
dish. 

Coromandel,  flowering  in  February  and  March* 


274 

GENUS  VTIT.     MELTLOTUS. 
JDIadelfiliia  Uecanilrift*    Se*:  Syat 

Deric.  From  Mel,  honey,  and  Lotus  :  Honey  lotus.  Bees  ar$ 
very  fond  of  the  flowers. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Annual  or  perennial  herbaceous  plants:  calyx  tu- 
bular, 5-toothed  :  corolla  deciduous:  keel  simple:  wings  shorter 
than  the  vexillum  ;  the  keel  and  wings  cohering,  free  from  the  sta- 
men tube  :  stamens  9  and  one  :  style  filiform  :  legumes  glohose  or 
ovoid,  longer  than  the  calyx,  scarcely  dehiscent,  1  or  more  seeded  i 
peduncles  axillary  :  fruit  pendulous. 


(1)    M.   LLUC/VNTHA. 

Jdent.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  106.—  Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  187. 

&yn.  M.  altissima,  Dec.  L  c.  —  M.  vulgaris,  Willd.  —  Trifolium 
officuiale,  Linn.  Rojcb.f.  Ind.  III.  p.  388. 

Srtt.  CIIIR.  Annual:  stem  eiect,  hranched  :  leaves  trifolio- 
late  ;  leaflets  ovate-oblong,  truncated  at  the  apex,  mucronate,  re- 
motely serrated  :  racemes  elongated,  lax  :  keel  and  wings  shorter 
than  the  vexillum  :  legumes  ovate,  irregularly  wrinkled,  2-seeded  : 
flowers  small,  white, 

Peninsula.  Assam.  Saharunpore.  Flowering  in  the  cold 
season. 


(2)  M.  pARviFiOR*.     (Desf.) 

Jdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  196.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  187. 

Si/n.  M.  minima,  Roth.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  189.  —  Trifolium 
Indicum,  Rojcb.  Jl.  Ind.  III.  p.  388. 

SPFC.  CHAR.  Annual  ;  stem  ascending  or  erect  ;  leaves  trifolio- 
late  ;  lower  leaflets  roundis>h-obovatc,  upper  ones  linear  or  cuneate- 
oblong,  serrated  :  colycine  teeth  nearly  equal,  broad  :  wings  almost 
as  long  as  the  keel  and  vexillum  :  legumes  irregularly  wrinkled,  2- 
seeded  :  flowers  small,  yellow,  at  first  close-spiked,  and  afterwards 
more  distant. 

On  pasture  grounds  in  the  Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  cold 
season. 

GENUS  IX.    PYCNOSPORA. 
Dlailclpliia  Hecaiidria.    Sex;  Systf 

Deriv.  From.  Pycnos,  thick  or  close,  and  8porost  a  seed  5  thfr 
seeds  being  numerous  and  closely  packed. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  deeply  4-cleft,  upper  segment  broader,  2- 
?left  at  the  apex  :  petals  about  equal  ;  vexillum  rounded,  free  ;  keel 


275 

fcohering  with  the  wings,  hoth  free  from  the  stamen-  tube  .  stigma 
obtuse. 

(1)    P.  NERVOSA.       (W.   $  A.) 

'    IdenL    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  197. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffrutescent,  diffuse,  branched,  pubescent ;  leaves 
pinnatcly  trifoliate  ;  leaflets  cuneate-obovate,  hairy,  particularly  be- 
neath :  racemes  terminal,  pubescent :  bracts  striated,  with  a  long, 
subulate  point:  legumes  oblong,  inflated,  hairy:  seeds  numerous* 
compressed,  thickest  at  one  end .  flowers  small,  in  twos  or  threes 
from  the  axil  of  each  bract,  purplish. 

Courtallum* 

GtiNUS  X.     PSOHALEA. 
Decaiidria  Moiiogyitia.    Sex    Sy*t 

beriv.  From  Psoraleos,  scurfy,  alluding1  to  the  calyx  and  othez 
jparts  of  the  plant  being  covered  \vith  tubercles. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  the  tube  usually  covered  with 
glands  :  lower  sepal  somewhat  longer  than  the  others  :  legume  the 
length  of  the  calyx,  sometimes  ending  in  a  beak, 

(1)  P.  CORYLIFOLIA,     (Linn.) 

tdent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  198,-— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  218,— « 
fcoxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  387. 

Syn.     Trifolium  uni folium >  Forsk. 

Engrav.     Burm,  Ind.  t.  19.— Bot.  Mag.  XVTTL  t,  G65. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect:  loaves  simple,  roundish-ovate, 
tepand-toothed  :  stipules  narrow-lanceolate,  recurved  :  racemes 
dense,  spikelike,  on  long  axillary  solitary  peduncles  :  pedicels  much 
shorter  than  the  calyx,  about  three  together  from  each  bract :  flowers 
small,  pale  lilad,  with  the  wings  and  keel  dark  purple- tipped* 

Peninsula^  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

GENUS  XI.     INDIQOFERA. 
iMadelplila  Decaiiclria.    Sex:  Si/«t  > 

berito.     From  Indigo  and  Fero,  to  produce  Indigo. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbs  of  shrubs  ;  peduncles  axillary  :  flowers  ra- 
cemose :  leaves  usually  pinnated  or  digitate :  calyx  ,5-cleft :  vexil* 
lum  roundish,  emarginate  :  keel  furnished  with  a  spur  on  bothsides^ 
at  length  often  bending  back  elastically  :  legume  1  or  more-seededi 


276 

(1)  I.ECIIINATA.       (mild.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  198.— Dec,  prod.  II.  p.  222,— 
Boxb.  fl.  Ind.  HI.  p.  370. 

Syn.  Hulysarum  uummulariaefolium,  Linn. — II.  rotundifolium, 
ValiL — II.  erinaceum,  Pair. — Onobiychis  rotundifolia,  Desv.  Dec. 
prod.  II.  p.  348. 

Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  433,  f.  1. — Wight's  Icon.  t.  316. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  prostrate;  branches  angular :  leaves 
simple,  obovato,  dotted  \vith  glands:  racemes  peduncled,  shorter 
than  the  leaves,  6-8-flowered :  keel  pointed :  legumes  crescent- 
shaped,  bristly  on  the  convex  side  :  seed  solitary,  reniform, 

Moibt  sandy  soils  near  the  coast ;  very  common. 

(2)  I,  LiNiroLiA.     (Retz.) 

Ident.  W.  fr  A.  prod,  T,  p.  198.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  222.— 
Boxb.  fl.  Ind.  HI.  p.  370. 

Syn.     Hedy&arum  liuifolium,  Linn. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  313. — Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  196. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  SuiFruticose,  procumbent,  covered  with  whitish 
hairs  :  leaves  simple,  nearly  sessile,  obovate-oblonp;,  or  narrow- 
linear,  nmcronate:  lacemeb  very  short,  sessile,  2-4-ilowered :  le- 
gumcs  globose,  1-secded .  seed  globose,  shining :  flowers  small, 
dark -purple. 

Peninsula. 

(3)  I.  CORDIFOLIA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  199. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p,  222. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse,  softly  haiiy  :  leaves  simple,  broadly  ovate, 
nearly  sessile:  racemes  capituliform,  sessile,  3-6-flowered  :  legumes 
oval,  twice  as  long  as  broad,  hoary,  2-seeded ;  seeds  ovate,  trun- 
cated. 

Mysore, 

(4)  I.  QLANDULOSA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  <uod.  I.  p.  199,— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  372, 
^Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  223. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  330. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffmticose,  young  parts  softly  pubescent:  leaves 
trifoliolate ;  leaflets  obloii£-o\ate,  longer  than  the  petioles,  hairy 
underneath  :  racemes  sessile,  many-flowered,  not  so  long  as  the  pe- 
tiole :  legumes  oval,  4-angled;  angles  slightly  winged  and  toothed; 
ecuds  2,  ovate,  truncated  at  one  end  :  flowers  small,  red, 


277 

Circars,  flbwering  nearly  all  the  year.  The  inountaineers  mak« 
meal  of  the  seecU  which  they  bake  into  bread. 

(5)  T.   ENNEAPIIYLLA.       ( Linn.  ) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  199.— Dec.  piod.  II.  p.  229.— 
Roxb.  fl  Ind.  III.  p.  37«. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  prostraturn,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  403.— Burm.  IneL  t.  50.  f.  1.-— Pluk4 
t.  1GG.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial,  procumbent :  young  parts  and  leaves 
pubescent :  branches  prostrate,  2-edged :  leaves  pinnate,  sessile ; 
leaflets  3-5  pair,  obovate-oblong :  racemes  sessile,  short,  many- 
flowered :  legumes  oval,  pubescent,  not  winged :  seeds  2,  ovate, 
truncated  at  one  end:  flowers  small,  bright-red. 

Dindigul  Hills.     Surat.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(6)  I.   A&PALAT1I01DES.       (I'dlll.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  199.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  231. 

Syn.  I.  aspalathifolia,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  371. — Aspalathug 
Indicus,  Linn.  Burm.  Ind.  p.  155. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  332. — Hheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect  shrub  ;  young  parts  hairy  :  leaves  sessile, 
digitately  3— 5-foliolatc  ;  leaflets  narrow-cuncate,  slightly  hairy  un- 
derneath :  peduncles  s>ohtai},  1 -flowered,  about  the  length  of  the 
leaves:  corolla  very  deciduous*:  legumes  cylindrical,  pointed,  4-6- 
seeded  :  flowers  very  small,  purphbh-red. 

Peninsula.  Bclgaum.  Common  in  the  Dcccan.  Flowering 
nearly  all  the  year. 

(7)  I.  UNI  FLORA.     (Ham.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  199.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  374, 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t.  333. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial ;  stems  prostrate,  coloured  ;  leaves  ses- 
sile, pinnately  3-5-foliolate  ;  leaflets  nairow,  cunente-oblong,  acute, 
slightly  hairy  underneath  :  peduncles  solitary,  filiform,  1 -flowered, 
twice  as  long  as  the  leaves  :  legumes  linear-oblong,  straight,  point- 
ed, about  3-seeded  :  flowers  small,  red. 

Mysore.  Southern  Mahratta  country.  Flowering  nearly  all  the 
year. 

(8)  I.  PENTAPIIYLLA.     (Linn.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  200. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  230. 

Syn.  I.  fragrans,  Rets.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  229. — Roxb,  /?,  Ind, 
HI.  p.  375. — I.  glabra,  Linn.  Dec.  I.  c. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  385.— Pluk.  t.  166.  f.  1» 


273 

Sfccc.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  decumbent:  leaves  pinnated;  leaf- 
lets 1-2  pair,  oval,  both  sides  hoary  from  white  soft  hairs  :  pedun- 
cles about  the  length  of  the  leaves,  with  2-3  rather  distant  flowers  : 
legumes  cylindrical,  straight,  muCronate,  glabrous :  seeds  10-12, 
Cylindrical,  truncated  at  both  ends  :  flowers  small,  purple. 

Peninsula.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 
(9)  I.  VISCOSA.     {Lam.) 

Ident.  W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  200.— Lam.  Enc.  Meth.  III.  p» 
247.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  227.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  377. 

Syn,     Galega  Colutea,  Burm.  Ind.  <p.  172, 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  404.— Pluk.  t.  160.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  erect,  much  branched  :  branches  pe* 
tioles  peduncles  and  legumes  glutinous  and  rigidly  hairy :  leaves 
petioled,  pinnated ;  leaflets  4-8  pair,  elliptic-oblong,  pubescent, 
particularly  beneath  :  racemes  about  the  length  of  the  leaves  :  le- 
gumes cylindrical,  horizontal,  straight :  seeds  6-12,  cylindrical^ 
truncated  at  both  ends  :  flowers  distant,  small,  greenish-red. 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 

(10)    I.  TENUIFOLIA.       (Rottl) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  200. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  diffuse  ;  branches  hairy  and  some* 
\vhat  2-edged  :  leaves  pinnated ;  leaflets  about  4  pair,  cuneate-ob- 
long,  hairy  on  both  sides  :  peduncles  longer  than  the  leaves,  few* 
flowered  :  legumes  compressed,  pointed,  slightly  torulose  :  suture* 
thickened, 

Mysore* 

(11)   I.  PEDICELLATA,      (W.  f  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  200. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  983. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  procumbent ;  branches  sprinkled 
•With  hairs ;  young  parts  covered  with  brown  glands  ;  leaves  petiol- 
ed,  palmately  trifoliate ;  leaflets  cuncate-oblong,  hairy  on  both 
sides :  racemes  somewhat  corymbiform,  about  the  length  of  the 
leaves :  pedicels  slender,  drooping,  2-3  :  calyx  vexillum  and  keel 
hirsute  and  covered  with  glands. 

Neilgherries. 

(12)  I.  TRIFOLIATA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod,  I.  p.  201.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  223. 

Syn.  I.  prostrata,  Willd.  Dec.  I.  c.  p.  233. — Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  Ill* 
p.  373.— I.  Leschenaultii,  Dec.  I.  c.  p.  223. — I.  multicaulis,  Dec, 
It  c, — I,  canescens,  Spr.— I,  peregrina,  Dec.  L  c.  p.  22 1, 


279 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  314.— Pluk.  t.  113.  f.  8. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffiuticose  ;  branches  prostrate,  ascending  at  the 
extremities,  2-edged  and  pubescent  upwards  :  leaves  long-petioled, 
palmately  trifoliolate ;  leaflets  cuneate-obovate,  pubescent :  racemes 
shorter  than  the  petioles,  dense  and  many-flowered  :  legumes 
straight,  deflexed,  somewhat  torulose,  with  an  almost  winged  nerve 
on  each  side  of  the  sutures :  seeds  6-8,  cylindrical,  truncated  at 
both  ends. 

Dindigul  Mountains. 

(13)  I.  PARVIFLORA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  201. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  covered  with  whitish  hairs:  branches  an- 
gled upwards  :  leaves  pinnated ;  leaflets  3—4  pair,  oblong-Hnear : 
racemes  about  the  length  of  the  petiole,  dense  and  many-flowered  ; 
upper  flowers  caducous  :  legumes  linear,  deflexed,  pubescent,  15- 
20-seeded  :  seeds  truncated  at  both  ends. 

Mysore.     Cunnawady. 

(14)  I.  PAUCIFOLIA.     (Delile.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  201.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  224. 

Syn,  T.  argentea,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  374.  (not  Linn.)-* 
Bremontiera  ammoxylon,  Var.  Burmanni,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  353. 

Engrav.  Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  82. — Wight's  Icon.  II.  t.  331. — De- 
lile, fl.  D'Egypt.  t.  37.  f.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect,  much-branched  shrub,  covered  with 
hoary  pubescence  :  leaves  pinnated  ;  leaflets  1-5,  alternate,  oblong- 
lanceolate,  terminal  one  the  largest :  racemes  solitary,  somewhat 
spiked,  longer  than  the  leaves,  muny-flowered  :  legumes  linear,  to- 
rulose, pendulous  and  curved  upwai  ds,  5-8-seeded  ;  seeds  reniform, 
flattish,  shining :  flowers  numerous,  very  small,  greenish-red. 

Tanjore.     Common  in  dry  soil.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(15)  I.  MYSORENSIS.     (Rottl) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  202. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  222. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  branched  shrub  :  branches  hirsutely  vil- 
lous :  leaves  pinnated ;  leaflets  1-8  pair,  elliptic-oblong,  mucro- 
nate,  pubescent:  racemes  elongated,  many-flowered:  flowers  dis- 
tant, solitary  in  the  axils  of  foliaceous  bracts  :  legumes  pointed, 
erect,  hirsutely  villous,  3-4-seeded:  seeds  reniform. 

Mysore. 

(16)  I.  WIGHTTI.     (Grah.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  202. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  erect,  hoary  with  silky  hairs :  bran- 
ches ascending,  striated;  leaves  pinnated;  leaflets  5-10 pair,  small, 


280 

t>blong~oval,  rnncronate  :  racemes  shorter  than  the  leaves,  many* 
flowered  :  flowers  crowded  :  legumes  erect,  cylindrical,  stout, 
straight,  lO-TJ-seeded  :  seeds  truncated  at  both  ends. 

Madura  Hills.     Mysore. 

(17)  I.  TINCTORIA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &A.  prod.  1.  p.  202.—  -Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  224.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  379. 

Syn.     I.  Indica,  Lam.  —  I.  Sumatrana,  Gacrtn. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  365.-—  Rheede  Mai.  I.  t.  54,—Pluk. 
t.  165.  f.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suflruticose,  erect,  pubescent  :  leaves  pinnated  ; 
leaflets  5-6  pair,  oblong-obovate,  decieasing  in  size  towards  the 
apex  of  the  leaf:  racemes  shorter  than  the  leaves:  flowers  approx~ 
iniated  at  the  base  of  the  raceme,  distant  and  deciduous  towards  the 
apex  :  legumes  slightly  toiulose,  deflexed,  more  or  less  curved  up- 
wards :  seeds  about  10,  truncated  at  both  ends  :  flowers  greenish- 
rose. 

Found  wild  at  Quilon,  and  in  some  parts  of  the  Concan,  flower- 
ing in  the  rainy  season.  This  is  the  common  Indigo  plant. 


(18)    I.   CLRULEA. 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  203.—  Roxb.   fl.   Ind.   III.  p.  377* 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  3f>6. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  eioct  shrub,  covered  with  whitish  pubescence  ; 
leaves  pinnated  ;  leaflets  1-5  pair,  obovate,  the  terminal  largest; 
all  hairy  underneath  :  rncemcb  solitary,  shorter  than  the  leaves  : 
upper  floweis  deciduous  :  legumes  short,  defiexed,  and  falcate  up- 
wards ;  slightly  torulose,  3-4-seeded  :  flowers  small,  yellowish-red. 

Rnjamundry  Ciicars.  Dimligul  Hills.  Flowering  nearly  all  the 
year. 

(19)    I.   PULCIIELLA.       (Roxl.) 

Ident.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  203.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  382. 

Syn.  I.  purpurasccns,  Roxb,  /.  c.  p.  383.  —  1.  cassioides,jRoMJ.-—  » 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  225. 

Engrav.     "Wight's  Icon.  t.  367. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  or  small  tree  ;  young  parts  usually  hairy  : 
branches  angled  :  leaves  pinnated  ;  leaflets  8-10  pair,  obovate,  mu- 
cronate  :  racemes  about  the  length  of  the  leaves,  axillary,  or  from 
the  former  years  leafless  branches  :  petals  spreading  and  resembling 
a  2-lipped  corolla,  much  longer  than  the  calyx  :  legumes  scattered, 
thick,  straight  and  sharp-pointed:  10-12-seeded  ;  flowers  light 
purple. 


281 

NVilgheiries.  Dindigul  Hills.  Circar  Hills.  Flowering  iu  th* 
tainy  season. 

(20)  I.  TRiTA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &A.  prod.  I.  p.  203.—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  232.-"- 
ftoxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  371. 

Syn.  I.  cinerea,  Willd.  Dec.  1.  c. — Roxb.  I.  c.  p.  372. — I.  can- 
esccns,  Lam.  Dec.  prod.  1.  c.  p.  2*24. — I.  Iledysaroides,  Lam.  Dec. 
1.  c.  p.  232.— I.  arcuata,  Willd.  Dec.  I.  c.— I.  rigida,  Willd.  Dec. 
I.  c.  p.  224. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  315  and  336. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect,  move  or  less  hoary  :  leaves 
pinnately  trifoliate;  leaflets  oval  or  oblong,  mucronate  :  racemes 
about  the  length  of  the  leaves:  calyx  segments  long  and  subulate; 
legumes  deflexed  or  horizont.il,  approximated  at  the  br.se  of  the 
rachis,  4-anglcd,  stiaight,  ngid  and  sharp-pointed:  seeds  numerous, 
4-sided,  truncated  at  both  ends  :  flo\\ers  small,  reddish-green. 

Very  common  in  the  Peninsula.  Delhi.  Banks  of  the  Jumna. 
Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(21)  I.  MARGINULATA.     (Grah.) 

Idenl.     W.  £  A,  prod.  I.  p.  204, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  diffuse  shmb,  sparingly  pubescent:  leaves  pin- 
nated ;  leaflets  1-2  pair,  elliptic-obovutc,  the  terminal  one  the 
largest:  racemes  longer  than  the  lea\es  :  legumes  scattered,  linear, 
slightly  drooping,  obscurely  4-angled,  many-seeded  :  flowers  very 
small,  mobtly  caducous. 

Dindigul  Hills. 

(22)  I.  FLAXIDA.     (Kocn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  204.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  375. 
Syn.     I.  scabra,  Roth.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  229* 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  387. 

SPEC.  CIIAU.  Suffmticose,  slightly  hairy;  branches  angled  i 
leaves  pinnated  :  leaflets  2-3  pair,  opposite,  oval,  bristle-pointed : 
stipules  long,  biistly  :  racemes  peclnncled,  twice  the  length  of  the 
leaves  \  calyx-segments  long  and  subulate :  legumes  scatteied  on 
the  lower  half  of  the  rachis,  slender  and  drooping,  long-linear,  4- 
angled,  pointed,  many-seeded :  flowers  small,  recurved,  greenish- 
red. 

Samulcottah.     Dindigul  Hills.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year* 

(23)  t,  IIIRSUTA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  204.— Dec,  prod,  II.  p.  228,-* 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  376, 


282 

Engrav.    Burm.  Zeyl.  t,  14.  —  Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  30. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  covered  except  the  leaves  with  soft  hairs  : 
leaves  pinnated  ;  leaflets  opposite,  2-5  pair,  oblong-obovate,  the 
terminal  one  the  largest  ;  upper  surface  slightly,  under  densely 
clothed  with  silky  hairs  :  stipules  long,  bristly  :  racemes  dense, 
peduncled,  usually  longer  than  the  leaves  :  calyx  deeply  5-cleft  ; 
segments  hairy  :  legumes  imbricately  reflexed,  straight,  4  -angled, 
mucronate,  villous,  4-G  -seeded  :  seeds  4-sided,  truncated  at  both 
ends  :  flowers  small,  deep  rose-coloured. 

Quilon.  Malabar  Hill.  Bombay.  Nathpur.  Flowering  near- 
ly all  the  year. 

(24)    I.  TRIQUETRA.      (Ddlz.) 

Ident.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  36,  —  Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  58, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  acutely  3-edged,  prostrate,  ascending  at 
the  apex,  glabrous  :  leaves  subsessile,  elliptic,  mucronate,  strigose 
beneath  :  racemes  axillary,  elongated,  much  longer  than  the  leaf  : 
legumes  linear,  mucronate,  4  -sided  and  winged,  about  5-seeded  : 
flowers  purple. 

Rocky  hills  in  the  district  of  Mai  wan. 


(25)   I.  ARBOREA. 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  381. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  368. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaves  pinnate;  leaflets  6-9  pair,  oval, 
emarginate  :  racemes  as  long  as  the  leaves  :  wings  expanded  :  le« 
gumes  fluted,  straight  and  smooth  :  flowers  reddish-violet. 

Shreenaghur,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

GENUS  XH.    CLITORIA. 
IMadelpHla  Decandria.    Sex:  Sy*i: 

Deriv.  From  Clitoris,  an  anatomical  term,  a  resemblance  to  the 
configuration  of  which  has  been  fancied  to  exist  in  the  flower. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-cleft,  with  large  bracteoles  at  the  base  : 
vexillum  large,  rounded  :  style  somewhat  dilated  at  the  apex  :  le- 
gume linear,  straight,  2-valved,  1  -celled,  many-seeded. 

(1)  C.  TEKNATEA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  205.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  233.—  Roxb, 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  321. 

Engrdv.  Rheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  38.~-Rumph,  Amb.  V,  t,  31.—  • 
pot.  Mag.  vol.  XXXVII,  t.  1542. 


SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  climbing :  leaves,  une<jually  pinnat- 
ed ;  leaflets  2-3  pair,  oval  or  ovate:  peduncles  short,  axillary,  so* 
litary,  1 -flowered:  legumes  slightly  pubescent:  flowers  resupinate, 
large,  blue. 

Peninsula.  Assam.  Flowering  all  the  year.  There  is  a  variety 
with  white  flowers. 

(2)  C.  BIFLORA.     (Dalz.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  68. — Hook.  Journ.  Bot.  III.  p.  34. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect:  stem  striated  with  lines  of 
hairs  :  leaflets  ovate  or  lanceolate,  acute,  strigose  beneath  :  pedun- 
cles very  short>  2-flowered  :  bracts  small,  lanceolate -acuminate  ; 
bracteoles  large,  ovate-acuminate  :  calyx  tubular,  hairy,  the  teeth 
with  bristly  points  :  ovary  silky  :  flowers  small,  blue* 

Common  in  the  Concan. 

GENUS  Xm.    PUERARIA. 
Monadelphia  Deeandrla.    Stx:  Systt 

Deriv.     Called  after  Mons.  Puerari,  a  Professor  of  Copenhagen.' 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  campanulate,  somewhat  2-lipped  with  2 
caducous  bracteoles  at  its  base ;.  upper  lip  entire  or  slightly  2- 
toothed,  the  lower  trifid  :  corolla  papilionaceous :  keel  straight,  ob- 
tuse :  vexillum  obovate  :  legume  flat,  attenuated  at  the  base,,  point- 
ed with  the  style,  2-valved  :  seeds  several. 

(1)    P.  TUBEROSA.       (Dec.) 

Ident.  W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  205. — Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  240. 
Syn.  Hedysarum  tuberosum,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  363. 
Engrav.  Icon.  Kaempf.  t.  25. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub:  leaves  tri  folio  I  ate ;  leaflets  round-- 
ish,  pubescent  above,  silky  villous  beneath :  root  tuberous,  very 
large :  stipules  cordate :  calyx  4-cleft,  silky  v  segments  nearly 
equal,  ovate,  the  upper  one  broadest  and  almost  entire  r  racemes 
simple  or  branched,  springing  from  the  scars  of  the  fallen  leaves : 
legumes  very  hairy,  linear,  2-6-seeded,  much  contracted  between 
the  seeds  :  flowers  in  threes,  blue. 

A  rare  species.  A  native  of  valleys  far  up  among  the  Circar 
mountains,  flowering  in  the  hot  season,  at  which  time  it  is  perfectly 
destitute  of  leaves. 

GENUS  XIV.    DUMASIA. 
Dladelpbla  Deeandrla.    &*.  Sy*t: 

Deriv.  Called  after  Mons.  Dumas,  one  of  the  Editori  of  tbt 
"  Annales  des  Sciences  Naturelles,'' 


284 

v  GEN*  CHAR.  Calyx  cylindrical^  obliquely  truncated,  gibbous, 
"bibracteolate  at  the  base  :  corolla  papilionaceous  :  the  claws  of  the 
petals  the  length  of  the  calyx  :  limb  of  the  vexillnni  cordate-oval ; 
keel  obtuse:  style  dilated  above  the  middle:  legume  attenuated  at 
the  base,  2-valved,  few -seeded,  contracted  between  the  seeds. 

(l)  D.  CONGESTA.     (Grah*) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  206. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  plant,  villous  all  over :  leaves  pinnnteTy 
trifoliolate ;  leaflets  ovate  ;  racemes  longer  than  the  leaves,  axillary,, 
many-flowered  ;  \\ings  and  keel  strongly  cohering  for  a  little  space 
by  their  limb  :  legumes  densely  pubescent. 

Neilgherries.  This  is  probably  not  distinct  from  the  D.  villosa 
of  De  Candolle. 

GENUS  XV.     GALACTIC. 
Diadelpliia  Deotmclrla.    Sex:  Sytfi 

Deriv.     From  Gala,  milk  ;   one  species  yields  a  milky  juice. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs,  undershrubs  or  herbaceous  twining  plants: 
leaves  pinnated  ;  racemes  axillary  :  calyx  i-clett,  bibraeteolate  at 
the  base:  segments  acute,  nearly  equal:  corolla  papilionaceous: 
petals  5,  distinct,  or  the  keel  pctaK  slightly  cohering  at  the  apex  : 
vex  ilium  incumbent  :  legume  terete  or  compressed,  many-seeded,, 
2-valved,  1 -celled. 

(1)    G.   TENUIFLORA.       (  W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  206. 

Syn.  Glycine  tenuiflora,  Willd.  Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  241. — Roxb* 
fl*  Ind.  III.  p.  319.-— Teramnus  tenuiflorus,  Spreny. 

SPEC.  CHAU.  Twining  shrub  i  branches  slightly  pubescent :  leaf- 
lets from  oval  to  oblong-lanceolate,  glabrous  above,  pubescent 
beneath  :  calyx  campanulate :  legume  linear,  acute,  rather  falcate,, 
pubescent ;  flowers  small,  twin,  purplish* 

Colemala.     Hills  near  Pondicherry. 

(2)  G.  LONGIFOLIA.     (Wight,) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  II. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  482. 

SPEC-.  CHAR.  Twining,  slightly  pubescent :  leaflets  linear-Tan- 
ceolate,  cordate  at  the  base  ;  peduncles  axillary,  slender,  nearly  as- 
long  as  the  leaves,  few-flowered:  calyx  pubescent,  5-clcfU  seg* 
ments  subulate  :  legume  slightly  pubescent, 

Balaghaut  Hills,  near  Madras, 


285 

(3)  G.  VILLOSA.   (Jr.  iMO 

Ident.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  207. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining :  branches  more  or  less  villous  :  leaflets 
oval,  obtuse  or  slightly  retuse  at  both  ends,  upper  side  softly  pubes- 
cent, under  villous  :  calyx  softly  hairy,  campanulate. 

Peninsula. 

(4)  G.  SIMPLICIFOLIA.     (Dah.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  69. — Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  209. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  creeping,  fllifoim,  hispid  with  hairs  :  leaves 
simple,  petioled,  ovate:  racemes  shorter  than  the  leaf:  legume 
covered  with  brown  hairs,  linear,  many-celled  :  seeds  orbicular, 
compressed :  flowers  axillary  and  terminal,  rncemosely  fascicled, 
purple. 

Near  Tullawaree.     Hurrychunder.      Flowering  in  October. 

GENUS  XVI.     SHUTER1A. 
Dladelpliin  DreaaiiBrin.    Sej    Syst- 

Deriv.     In  honor  of  Dr.  Shutcr,  formerly  a  Physician  at  Madras. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Twining  shrubs :  leaves  pinnately  trifoliolate  r 
racemes  axillary  :  calyx  4-cleit :  the  inferior  and  superior  segment* 
longer  than  the  lateral  ones  :  bracteolcs  2  :  corolla  papilionaceous, 
twice  as  long  as  the  calyx:  petals  \\ith  long  claws:  keel  shorter 
than  the  wings  :  margins  of  the  vexillum  recurved  :  style  compress- 
ed, elongated,  somewhat  flexuose  after  flowering  .  stigma  capitate  : 
legume  linear,  compressed,  hairy,  5-ti-seeded,  with  partitions  be- 
tween the  seeds. 

(1)    S.  VBSTITA.       (W.   $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  207. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  165. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches,  petioles  and  racemes  covered  with  hairs: 
leaflets  slightly  hairy  on  both  sides,  particularly  beneath,  slightly 
acute,  mucronate,  lateral  ones  o\ate,  teiminal  one  rhomboidal  : 
calyx  very  hairy  :  racemes  shorter  than  the  leaves,  many-flowered  : 
flowers  2  or  more  from  each  bract. 

Dindigul  Hills. 

(2)    S.  GLABRATA.       (  W.  fy  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  207. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining,  hairy:  leaflets  glabrous  on  both  sides, 
•prinkled  with  hairs  along  the  margin,  obtuse,  slightly  mucronate, 


286 

lateral  ones  oval :  calyx  glabrous,  or  slightly  hairy  :  flower*  solitary 
from  each  bract. 

Cunnawady. 

GENUS  XVII,    JOHNIA. 
IMadelplila  Deeaudrla.    &»*•:  Sytt; 

Deriv.  Called  after  Dr.  John,  the  founder  of  the  Missionary 
Garden  at  Tranqueb.ir. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  deeply  5 -cleft :  lower  segment  slightly 
longer,  2  upper  combined  to  above  the  middle  :  bracteoles  2,  as  long 
as  the  calvx  and  below  its  base ;  corolla  papilionaceous,  shorter 
than  the  calyx  :  vexillum  oblong-obovate,  nearly  twice  the  length 
of  the  other  petals  :  keel  entire,  free  from  the  wings :  style  ensi- 
fonn :  stigma  capitate  :  legume  linear,  pointed  with  the  base  of  the 
style,  hairy,  4-5-sceded,  with  partitions  between  the  seeds :  seeds 
flatti&h,  peritropal. 

(1)  J.  WIOIITII.     (W.fyA.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  208. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining,  covered  with  brownish  hairs  :  leaves 
pinnately  trifoliolate :  leaflets  hairy,  roundish-ovate,  3-nerved  at 
the  base :  racemes  axillary,  at  first  dense,  afterwards  elongate^, 
with  the  flowers  distant :  legumes  reflexed. 

Dindigul  Hills.     Mysore.     Colemala. 

(2)  J.  CONGESTA.     (Dais.  J/w,^ 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  69. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  twining,  filiform,  clothed  with  soft  white 
hairs :  leaves  trifoliolate :  leaflets  small,  broad-ovate,  very  acute : 
stipules  oblong,acute,  strongly  4-nerved:  peduncles  axillary, solitary, 
not  longer  than  the  stipules,  2-3-flowered  :  legumes  reflexed,  com- 
pressed, flat,  linear,  slightly  falcate,  puberulous,  5-6-seeded  :  valves 
united  between  the  seeds. 

Sewnere.     Hill  Fort. 

GENUS  XVIII.    GLYCINE. 
Hlonadelphla  Decamlrl**    &#  •  ty«*  • 

Deriv.  From  Glukys,  sweet.  The  leaves  and  roots  of  some  of 
the  species  are  swee^. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  or  suffrutescent  twining  plants  :  leaves 
pinnately  trifoliolate :  leaflets  with  2  stipules  near  the  base :  'ra- 
cemes axillary,  interrupted:  calyx  somewhat  bilabiate,  upper  lip 
bifid,  lower  trifid  and  more  deeply  cleft  than  the  upper : 


287 

*  laticeolate  :  bracteoles  2,  at  the  base  of  the  calyx  :  corolla 
naceous :  vexillum  emarginate,  the  sides  recurved:  keel  free  from 
the  wings,  and  shorter  than  them  and  the  vexillum  :  5  stamens 
shorter  than  the  others  and  occasionally  without  anthers :  style 
short,  slightly  curved :  stigma  pruinose :  legume  linear,  cylindri- 
cal, nearly  straight,  ending  in  the  thickened  and  hardened  base  of 
the  style,  many-seeded,  with  partitions. 

(1)  G.  LABIALIS.  (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  208. — Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  318. 

Syn.  G.  debilis,  Ait.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  241. — G.  parviflora, 
Lam.  Dec.  I.  c.  p.  242. — Teramnus  labialis,  Spr. — T.  parviflorus, 
Do. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  168. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining :  stem  slightly  hairy :  leaflets  ovate- 
oblong,  slightly  coriaceous,  upper  side  glabrous  and  shining,  under 
pale  green,  sparingly  hairy  :  calyx  with  short  white  hairs  :  legumes 
pubescent,  pointed :  flowers  2-3  together,  pinkish. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(2)  G.  MOLLIS.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  209. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  :  stems  clothed  with  long  hairs :  leaflets 
broadly  ovate,  or  elliptical,  thin,  hairy  on  both  sides  :  calyx  about 
the  length  of  the  corolla,  very  hairy  :  hairs  on  the  tube  patent,  on 
the  segments  erect :  legumes  pubescent,  long-pointed  :  flowers  fas- 
cicled, small,  rose-coloured. 

Peninsula. 

(3)  G.  WARREENSIS.     (Dais.) 

Ident.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot  III.  p.  211. — Dalz.  Bomb.  fl.  p.  68. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stamens  diadelphous:  leaflets  ovate-oblong,  gla- 
brous above,  strigose  beneath,  lateral  ones  unequal-sided  :  racemes 
compound,  2-3  times  longer  than  the  leaf,  many-flowered  :  flowers 
approximated:  calyx  strongly  nerved,  upper  lip  entire:  legumes 
covered  with  white  hairs,  6-seeded. 

In  the  Warree  country,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(4)  G.  PENTAPHYLLA.       (Dak.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  68.-— Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  IV.  p.  334. 

SPEC.  CHAR..  Stem  twining,  strigose :  leaflets  2  pair,  with  an 
odd  one,  lanceolate,  mucfonate,  strigose  on  both  sides  :  flowers 
axillary,  interruptedly  spicate :  spikes  straight,  rigid,  solitary  or 
twin,  shorter  than  the  leaf:  legumes  much  compressed,  linear,  ter- 


283 

imnated  by  a  straight  short  mucro,  thickened  on  the  sutures,  many-* 
celled. 

In  the  Warree  country,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

GKNTTS  XIX.    PSEUDARTHRIA, 
Biailefiplila  DeeuntlHa.    Sex-  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Pseudos,  false,  and  Arthron,  a  joint,  alluding  to 
the  jointed  pedicels  which  easily  break  oft'. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Diffuse  or  erect,  perennial  plants  :  calyx  obscurely 
2-hpped  to  about  the  middle,  upper  hp  bifid,  lower  3-partite,  the 
middle  segment  the  longest,  corolla  papilionaceous  :  petals  nearly 
equal:  vcxillum  roundish:  s>t>lu  iilifoini,  short:  stigma  capitate  : 
legume  1  -celled,  coveied  with  hooked  hairs,  flat  linear,  roundish  at 
the  apex,  with  a  shoit  point  about  its  middle:  seeds  alternate, 
somewhat  kidney-shaped. 

(1)  P.  VISCIDA.     (JF.  $•  A,) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  20<). 

Syn.  Hedysarum  viscidum,  Linn.  Roxb>  ft.  Ind.  III.  p.  356. 
—  Desmodium  viscidum,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  336.  —  Rhynchosia  vis- 
cida,  Dec.  1.  c.  p.  387.  —  Glyciue  viscida,  JVilld. 

JEngrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  84.  f.  1.  —  Wight's  Icon.  t.  280. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Diffuse,  prostrate:  leaves  pinnately  trifoliolate  } 
lateral  leafletb  obliquely  ovate,  terminal  one,  rhomboid-ovate,  pu- 
bescent above,  when  old  \illous  underneath:  racemes  filiform, 
elongated  :  legumes  3-1-seeded  :  flowers  purple,  in  threes  from 
each  bract,  on  longish  pedicels,  jointed  close  under  the  calyx. 

Travancore,     Dindigul.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GENUS  XX.    TEPHROSIA. 

Deraiitiria.    Sex    Syst 


Deriv.  From  Tephros,  ash-coloured,  alluding  to  the  colour  of 
the  bark  and  foliage  of  some  of  the  species. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  heibaceous  plants  :  leaves  unequally 
pinnated,  sometimes  reduced  to  a  single  leaflet  :  racemes  terminal, 
axillary  or  leaf-opposed  :  calyx  5-toothed  or  cleft,  without  brac- 
teoles  :  vexillum  large,  roundish,  usually  silky  or  pubescent  out- 
side, spreading  or  reflcxed  :  keel  cohering  with  the  wings  :  stamens 
variously  united,  the  upper  filament  sometimes  half  united  with  the 
others  :  style  filiform  :  legume  generally  sessile  and  flat,  linear, 
many-seeded  ;  seeds  compressed, 


289 

(1)    T.   SUBEROSA.        (Dec.) 

tdenl.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  210.— Dec.  prod,  IT.  p.  240. 

Syn.  T.  seiicea,  Dec.  1.  c.— - Cytisus  sericeus,  Willd. — Robinia 
Biibero&a,  Roxb.  fl,  Ind.  III.  p.  327. — R.  sennoides,  Rvxb.  jtt 
Ind  III.  p.  :328. 

Emjrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  82. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Arborescent;  young  shoots  tomentose  :  bark 
corky  and  cracked:  leaves  pinnated;  leaflets  6-18  pair,  elliptic- 
oblong,  obtuse,  clothed  on  the  under  side  with  silky  pubescence  ; 
calyx  campanula te,  shortly  5-toothed  :  keel  straightish  :  vexillum 
pubescent :  legume  long,  straight,  silky-pubescent,  contracted  be- 
tween the  seeds :  racemes  terminal :  flowers  in.  pairs,  long-pedicel- 
led,  bright  purple. 

Alpine  valleys  in  Mysore.  Madura.  Tinnevelly.  Northern 
Circars.  The  seeds  are  used  to  poison  fish.  This  species  is  also 
abundant  on  the  rocky  hills  east  of  Belgaum.  It  flowers  in  June 
and  July. 

(2)  T.  CANDIDA,     (Dec.) 

/dent.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  210.— -Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  249. 
'    Syn.     Robinia  candula,  Roxb.  /.  Ind.  III.  p.  327. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect,  branched  shrub;  young  shoots  villous  ; 
leaflets  9-1 1  pair,  oblong-lanceolate,  mucronate,  pale  and  hairy  be- 
iieath :  calyx  campanulate»  shortly  5-toothed  :  keel  falcate  towards 
the  apex  :  vexillurn  silky  :  style  hairy,  bent  into  a  right  angle  :  ra- 
cemes terminal  or  axillary  :  flowers  large,  drooping,  fascicled,  white, 

Assam.     Khasia  mountains.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 
(3)  T.  FVJSCA.     (W.  4-  A,) 

IdenL     W.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  210. 

SPEC.  CHAK.  An  erect,  branched  shrub:  branches  and  young 
parts  tornentose ;  leaflets  6-9  pair,  oblong-linear,  obtuse  at  both 
ends,  mucronate,  upper  side  pubescent,  under  woolly :  racemes  ter- 
minal, short :  calyx  5-cleft,  villous :  legume  linear,  compressed  be- 
tween the  seeds,  slightly  curved,  long-pointed,  covered  with  silky 
hdirs  \  flowers  in  pairs,  on  lougish  pedicels. 

Dindigul  Hills.  The  whole  plant  is  of  a  dark  or  dirty  grey 
colour. 

(4)  T.  TINCTORIA.     (Pen.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  211.— Dec.  prod.  IT*  p.  252. 

Syn.  T.  hypargyrea,  Deo.  I.  r.  p.  253. — T.  nervosa,  Pers.  Dec* 
h  c.  p.  254. — -Galega  tinctoria,  Linn. — G.  Heyneana,  Roxb.  $< 
jfaf.'III.  p.  384. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  388, 


290 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  branched  shrul),  everywhere  except  the 
tipper  surface  of  the  leaves  clothed  with  a  silky  white  or  fulvous  to- 
tnentum:  leaflets  1-6  pair,  occasionally  reduced  to  the  terminal 
leaflet,  oblong-oval ;  terminal  one  longest,  the  lower  pair  at  the  base 
of  the  petiole  and  smaller  than  the  rest,  white  and  tomentose  be- 
neath :  peduncles  usually  longer  than  the  leaves,  axillary,  erect, 
bearing  a  short  spike-like  raceme  at  the  apex :  segments  of  the 
calyx  subulate :  vexillum  silky  :  flowers  small,  dull  red,  on  pedicels 
shorter  than  the  bracts :  legumes  flat,  nearly  straight,  spreading,  8- 
12-seeded. 

Dindigul  Hills.  Neilgherries.  Mysore.  Flowering  in  the  cold 
season. 

(5)  T.  SENTICOSA.     (Pers.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  211, — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  254. 

Syn.  T.  spinosa,  IV.  $  A.  1.  c.  p.  214. — Galega  senticosa,  Linn, 
— G.  pentaphylla,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  384. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  370. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  shrub:  leaflets  1-3  pair,  obcordate,  under 
side  whitish  with  fine  pubescence:  flowers  twin,  axillary,  towards 
the  extremity  of  the  branches,  nearly  sessile  :  calyx  segments  subu- 
late :  legumes  compressed,  slightly  curved  at  the  point :  flowers 
dull-reddish. 

Hills  in  the  Concan.     Mysore.     Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(G)    T.  HOOKERIANA.       (W.    $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  212. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  shrub  :  branches  and  petioles  tomento$e ; 
leaflets  5-7  pair,  from  oval  to  oblong-obovate,  upper  side  softly  pu- 
bescent, under  clothed  with  silvery  hairs  :  racemes  terminal,  inter- 
rupted :  calyx  tomentose  :  vexillum  silky  :  legumes  linear,  droop- 
ing, softly  pubescent,  acuminated  at  the  point :  flowers  fascicled. 

Trichinopoly. 

(7)  T.  INCANA.     (Grah.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  212. 

Syn.  T.  Colutea,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  252. — Galega  incana,  Roxb, 
JL  Ind.  III.  p.  388.— G.  Colutea,  Willd. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  371. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  shrub :  everywhere  except  the  upper  sur- 
face of  the  leaves  tomentose  or  woolly :  leaflets  about  6  pair,  ob- 
ovate,  retuse,  upper  side  pubescent,  under  woolly :  racemes  termi- 
nal, interrupted  :  flowers  fascicled,  almost  sessile :  calyx  villous  with 
long  fulvous  hairs ;  segments  longer  than  the  tube  :  vexillum  silky  ; 
legumes  deflexed,  and  falcately  curved  upwards,  densely  fulvous^ 
woolly  :  flowers  small,  reddish, 


591 

Mysore,  flowering  in  the  cold  season.  The  T.  argentea  and  T, 
villosa  of  Pers.  are  probably  varieties  of  this  species.  See  W.  &  A* 
prod.  I.  p.  212. 

(8)    T.  DIFFUSA.       (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  213. 

Syn.  Galega  diffiisa,  Itoxl.  /.  Ind.  III.  p.  387.— G.  procum* 
bens,  Ham.  in  Linn.  Soc.  Trans.  XIII.  547. — G.  prostrata,  Koen. 

Engrav.     Piuk.  t.  52.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  diffuse,  procumbent  and  villous  shrub:  leaflets 
5-10  pair,  cuneate,  hairy,  particularly  on  the  under  side  :  racemes 
leaf-opposed,  becoming  elongated,  with  a  small  leaf  at  each  pair  of 
flowers :  calyx  deeply  5-cleft,  hairy  r  segments  setaceous  :  vexillum 
hairy  :  legumes  ascending,  linear,  more  or  less  hairy  :  flowers  small. 

Dindigul.  Arcot.  Delhi  and  banks  of  the  Jumna.  Flowering 
in  the  cold  season. 

(9)  T.  PURPUREA.     (Pers.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  213. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p,  251. 

Syn.  T.  lancercfolia,  Link.  Dec.  1.  c. — Galega  pnrpurea,  Linn\ 
Eoxb.fl.Ind.  III.  p.  380. — G.  tinctoria,  Lam.  Roxb.  1.  c. — G. 
lanceaefolia,  Roxb.  I.  c.  p.  386. 

Enyrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  372.— Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  32. — Rheede 
Mai.  I.  t.  55. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  somewhat  erect,  much-branched  shrub  :  branches 
glabrous,  pubescent  or  villous  :  leaflets  cuneate-oblong  or  lanceo- 
late, under  side  more  or  less  pubescent :  racemes  leaf-opposed,  often 
longer  than  the  leaves :  flowers  on  pedicels  longer  than  the  bracts, 
2-3  together :  calyx  pubescent :  corolla  3  times  as  long  as  the  ca- 
lyx-tube :  vexillum  silky,  bent  back  from  near  its  base :  legumes 
spreading,  linear,  slightly  falcate,  obtuse  with  a  short  point,  pubes- 
cent or  glabrous  :  flowers  small,  purple, 

Concan.  Peninsula.  Delhi.  Banks  of  the  Jumna.  Assam* 
Circars.  Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(10)  T.  MAXIMA.     (Pers.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  213.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  252. 
Syn.     Galega  maxima,  Linn. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  diffuse,  procumbent  shrub  :  stems  glabrous  or 
slightly  hairy :  leaflets  cuneate,  emarginate,  slightly  pubescent  on 
the  under  side ;  stipules  reflexed :  racemes  leaf-opposed,  interrupt- 
ed, usually  with  a  leaf  at  each  of  the  lower  fascicles  of  flowers :  co- 
rolla 5-6  times  longer  than  the  calyx-tube  :  vexillum  silky,  straight 
to  near  the  apex :  legumes  almost  flat,  spreading,  linear,  straight 
and  long-pointed,  pubescent  or  glabrous, 

Dry  soils  at  Samulcottah, 


2S2 

(U)   T,   TENUIS.       (W«IL) 

Jdont.     Dal/.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  61. 

Syn.     Macronyx  strigosus,   Dalz.  m  Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  />,  83. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual ;  diffuse  :  stems  filiform,  strigose,  ascend- 
ing :  leaves  simple,  linear  or  narrow-elliptic,  mucronate,  3-ncrved  : 
peduncles  axillary,  solitary  or  twin,  shorter  than  the  leaf,  1 -flower- 
ed :  corolla  with  long  claws  to  the  petals :  legumes  compressed,, 
linear,  straight,  thickened  at  the  margins  :  valves  cohering  between 
the  seeds,  7-8-seeded. 

Concans,  flowering  in  August. 

(12)    T.  TRUTICOSA.       (Dec.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  249. 

Syn.     Robinia  fruticosa,  Hojcb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  S28. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub :  leaflets  4-5  paw,  ovate-oblong 
acute,  glabrous  above,  villous  on  the  nerves  beneath :  legume- 
broad-oblong,  compressed,  velvety,  shortly  acuminated :  raceme* 
short:  flowers  middle-sized,  rose-coloured. 

Interior  of  Bengal,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  XXL     WISTARIA. 
DladelpHta  Deeamlrla.    &>,r    Sytt 

Deriv,  In  honor  of  Caspar  \Vistar,  late  Professor  of  Anatomy 
in,  the  University  of  Pennsylvania. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs:  leaves  unequally  pinnate:  ra- 
cemes terminal  and  axillary  :  calyx  campanulate,  somewhat  2-lip- 
ped,  upper  lip  with  two,  lower  one  with  three  teeth  :  corolla  papili- 
onaceous: vexillum  bicallose :  wings  conforming  to  the  keel  which 
is  2-edged:  legume  stalked,  coriaceous,  1 -celled,  somewhat  to- 
rulobe. 

(I)  W.  RACEMOSA.     (Dah.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  ilor.  p.  61. 

Syn.  Tephrosia  racemosa,  IV.  fy  //,  prod.  I.  p.  210. — Robinia 
racemosa,  Roxb.  ft.  Ind,  III.  p.  329. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Large,  climbing  shrub  :  leaves  alternate  :  leaflets 
6-8  pair,  oval,  acute,  smooth  :  racemes  axillary,  erect,  many-flow- 
ered :  legumes  straight,  pendulous,  very  protuberant  at  the  seeds* 
and  flatly  compressed  between  them :  seeds  5-6,  oblong,  white  JL 
flowers  large,  rose-coloured. 

Near  Belgaum,  Forests  of  the  Circar  mountains.  Flowering  in 
the  rainy  season. 


293 

(2)  W.  FALLIDA.     (Dalz.) 

Idtnt.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  61. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large,  climbing  shrub  :  leaflets  about  5  pair,  ovate 
or  ovate-oblong,  acute,  margins  waved :  racemes  axillary,  solitary, 
long  and  slender,  from  the  axils  of  the  uppermost  young  leaves  ? 
legumes  straight,  linear-narrow,  very  protuberant  at  the  seeds,  com- 
pressed, flat  around  and  between  them ;  seeds  4-5 :  flowers  small, 
pale  yellow. 

In  the  Bangs,  very  rare.  Wassoorna  forest.  Dalzell  suggest* 
that  this  may  be  the  Robinia  ferruginea  of  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p. 
329. 

GENUS  XXII.     SESBANIA. 
Diadelphta  Deeandrla.    Sex.  Sytt  • 

Dcriv.     From  Sesban,  the  Arabic  name. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  herbaceous  plants  :  leaves  abruptly- 
pinnated  :  petioles  ending  in  a  bristle-point :  peduncles  axillary ; 
calyx  5- cleft  or  toothed:  corolla  papilionaceous:  vexillum  larger 
than  the  keel,  roundish,  with  a  callous  appendage  on  its  claw: 
keel  obtuse  ;  the  petals  distinct  at  the  base  :  stamen-sheath  slightly 
auricled  at  the  base  :  legumes  linear,  terulose,  many-seeded,  and 
much  contracted  between  the  seeds. 

(1)  S.  ACULEATA.     (Pers.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  2l4.—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  265. 

Syn.  jEschynomene  spinulosa,  Roxb.  jl.  Ind.  III.  p.  333.— 
M.  cannabina,  Roxb.  I.  c.  p.  335. — JE.  bispinosa,  Jacq.  7c.  Bar. 
— Coronilla  aculeata,  Willd. 

Engrav.     Jacq.  Ic.  Rar.  III.  t.  564. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect :  stem  and  petioles  sprinkled 
with  small  cartilaginous  points :  leaflets  20-40  pair,  linear,  obtuse, 
mucronate :  racemes  peduncled,  erect,  lax,  about  half  the  length  of 
the  leaves  :  legumes  erect,  nearly  terete,  sharp-pointed  :  flowers 
pretty  large,  on  slender  pedicels,  yellow,  purple-dotted. 

Peninsula.     Saharanpore.     Flowering  in  August  and  September, 

(2)  S.  CANNABINA.       (Pers.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  215.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  265. 

Syn,  JEschynomene  cannabina,  Rets. — Coronilla  cannabina, 
Willd. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  annual,  erect:  young  parts  sprinkled 
with  minute  points  :  leaflets  linear,  obtuse,  mucronate  :  racemet 


294 

nearly  sessile,  very  short,   1-4-flowered  :   legumes  erect :    flowers 
•mall,  on  short  pedicels,  yellow. 

Malabar.     Peninsula.     Flowering  in  July  and  August* 

(3)   S,   frROCUMBENS.      ( W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  215. 

Syn.     jEschynomene  procumbens,  Roxb,  ft.  tnd.  III.  p.  337. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  diffuse,  armed  with  inoffensive  prickles  : 
leaflets  ahout  20  pair :  peduncles  short,  2-3-flowered  :  legumes  li- 
near,^ erect,  cuspidate:  flowers  yellow. 

Coromandel,  on  wet  pasture  lands,  flowering  in  September  and 
October. 

GENUS  XXIII.     ORMOCARPUM. 
Diadelplila  Deeandrla.    Sev:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Ormos,  a  necklace,  and  Carpos,  fruit,  in  allusion 
to  the  moniliform  legume. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs:  calyx  bibracteolate  at  the  base,  5-cleft, 
more  or  less  bilabiate  :  corolla  papilionaceous  :  vexillum  broad, 
entire :  keel  obtuse  :  the  petals  slightly  cohering  at  the  back  :  le- 
gumes stalked,  jointed,  the  joints  oblong  and  marked  longitudinally 
with  striae  arid  warts,  separating  readily  from  each  other,  1 -seeded. 

(1)  0.  SENNOIDES.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  216.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  315. 
Syn.     Hedysarum  sennoides,  Willd,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  364. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  292. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  shoots,  petioles,  peduncles  and  calyx  co- 
vered with  glutinous  hairs:  leaves  unequally  pinnated:  leaflets 
alternate,  4-6  pair,  obovate,  retuse :  stamens  equally  diadelphous, 
(5  and  5) :  legume  2-5-jointed,  covered  with  prickly  warts  ;  flowera 
yellow,  fragrant :  racemes  short,  axillary. 

Circars.    Vendalore.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  XXIV.    ZORNIA. 
Monadeli»Hia  Decandria.    Sex :  Sytt: 

Deriv.  In  honor  of  John  Zorn,  Author  of  "  I  cones  PlanUnrm 
Medicinalium." 

GEN.  CHAR.  Usually  herbaceous  plants  :  leaves  petioled ;  leaf- 
lets springing  from  the  apex  of  the  petiole :  Calyx  eampanularte> 


295 

in  the  middle  into  2  lips,  lower  lip  3-cleft :  Corolla  papiliona* 
ceous,  inserted  into  the  bottom  of  the  calyx :  vexillum  orbicular* 
with  revolute  sides  :  stamens  alternately  shoiter ;  anthers  alternately 
oblong  and  globose  :  legume  compressed,  2-5 -join ted,  exceedingly 
contracted  between  the  joints  which  are  usually  hispid. 

(1)    Z.  ANGUSTIFOLIA.       (Sm.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I  p.  217.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  316. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  diphyllum,  <z,  Linn.  Roxb.JZ.  Ind.  III.  p.  353. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  82. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Annual,  diffuse :  leaflets  2,  oblong  or  lanceolate, 
piucronate  :  flowers  sessile,  yellow,  each  bracteated  with  2  oppo- 
site stipules:  btacts  sagittate^ovate,  ciliated:  legumes  scarcely  af 
long  as  the  bracts,  occasionally  longer,  pubescent,  prickly. 

Coromandel.    Bombay.     Flowering  in  the  cold  and  rainy  season. 

(2)  Z.  ZEYLONENSIS.     (Pers.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  117.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  317. 

Syn.  Z.  conjugata,  Sm. — Z.  Zeylanica,  Spr. — Kedysarum  con- 
jugatum,  Willd. 

Engrav.  Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  50.  f.  1.— -liheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  83. — 
fluk  t.  102.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  diffuse  :  leaflets  2,  oblong  or  ovate,  mu- 
cronate,  hairy  on  the  margin  and  midrib  beneath  :  bracts  sagittate- 
ovate,  acute  ;  legumes  2-3  times  the  length  o/  the  bracts,  prickly, 
glochidiate:  flowers  sessile,  yellow. 

Peninsula.     Coromandel. 

GENUS  XXV.    GEISSASPIS. 
Monadelplila  Deraudrla.    £&?•  Syst: 

Dertv.  From  Geisson,  a  projection,  and  dspis,  a  shield,  allud- 
ing to  the  vexillum  which  projects  and  covers  the  other  petals. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  cleft  deeply  into  2  lips,  upper  one  quite 
entire,  lower  with  a  small  tooth  on  each  side  near  the  apex ;  co- 
rolla papilionaceous  :  vexiilum  at  first  covering  the  other  petals, 
Afterwards  reflexed  :  wings  narrow-oblong  ;  keel  incurved :  stamens 
of  equal  length :  anthers  all  roundish. 

(1)  G.  CRISTATA.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  218. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Procumbent,  herbaceous  plant :  leaves  equally 
pinnated;  leaflets  2  pair,  cuneate-obovate,  retuse:  racemes  axillarjfr' 
and  terminal,  on  longish  peduncles :  bracts  orbicular,  with  bristly 


29« 

Ciliated  margins  :  flowers  solitary  in  each  bract,  small,  orange-co- 
loured :  legume  1-2 -jointed,  tumid  in  the  middle,  thin  at  the  mar* 
gins. 

Very  common  in  pasture  lands.  Courtallum.  Malabar,  in  rica 
fields, 

GENUS  XXVI.     STYLOSANTHES. 
jffotmdelpliia  Decaiidria.    Se* :  Sy*i . 

t)eriv.  From  Stylos,  a  style,  and  Author,  a  flower,  alluding  ta 
the  flower  having  a  long  style. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx-tube  very  long,  limb  5-partite  :  corolla  in- 
serted on  the  throat  of  the  tube  of  the  calyx  :  keel  small,  2-cleft  at 
the  apex  :  anthers  alternately  linear  and  ovate  :  style  very  long, 
straight:  stigma  capitate,  hispid  :  legume  jointed,  1 -seeded. 

(1)    S.  MUCRONATA.       (Wllld.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  218.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  318> 

Syn.  Arachis  fruticosa,  Rets.  Roxb.  ji.  Ind.  III.  pt  282.—* 
tledysarum  hamatum,  Burm.  Ind.  p.  167* 

Engrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  106.  f.  2.-— Pluk.  t.  69.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  branched,  hirsutely  pubescent :  leave* 
trifoliolate  ;  leaflets  oblong-ovate,  mucronate,  slightly  bristle-ciliat- 
ed, younger  ones  pubescently  hairy  beneath  :  flowers  axillary,  ses« 
sile,  solitary*  or  forming  terminal  imbricated  spikes,  yellow. 

Coromandel,  flowering  in  the  rainy  and  cold  season* 

GENUS  XXVII.    jESCHYNOMENE. 
niadelphla  Deeandrla.    Sex    Sytt  >. 

Deriv.  From  Aischuno,  to  be  ashamed,  in  allusion  to  the  sensi* 
tiveness  of  the  leaves. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbs  or  shrubs  :  leaves  Unequally  pinnated  :  ra- 
cemes axillary :  calyx  2-lipped,  upper  Hp  2-cleft  or  2-toothed, 
lower  3-cleft  or  3-toothed  :  corolla  papilionaceous,  inserted  into  the 
bottom  of  the  calyx  :  keel  boat-shaped,  bipartite  at  the  base  :  sta- 
mens 5  and  5  :  legumes  compressed,  straight,  many-jointed  ;  joints 
square  at  both  ends  :  seeds  one  in  each  joint. 

(1)  JE.  ASPERA.     (Linn.) 

Ideni*     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  219.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  320. 
Syn.     JE»  lagenaria,  Lour. — Hedysarum  lagenarium,  Roxb.  fl< 
Jnd.  III.  p.  365. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t,  299. 


297 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennhl,  herbaceous,  erect,  floating,  spongy: 
leaflets  30-40  pair,  linear :  racemes  few-flowered :  peduncles  and 
pedicels  hairy  :  corolla  much  longer  than  the  calyx  :  legumes  long- 
stalked,  4-7-jointed,  with  prickly  tubercles  on  each  joint :  flowers 
brownish-orange. 

Coromandel.  Bengal.  Silhet.  Assam.  Courtallum.  Flower- 
ing in  the  rainy  season.  The  plants  are  gathered  during  April  and 
May  and  converted  by  the  natives  into  toys,  floats,  hats,  &c.  It  is 
the  Sola  of  Bengal,  from  which  pith  hats  are  manufactured. 

(2)  JE.  TNDICA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod,  I,  p.  219.— Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  320. 

Syn.  Hedysarum  Nali  Tali,  Roxb.  fi.  Ind.  III.  p.  365.—  JE. 
pumila,  Linn.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  321. — At.  diffusa,  Willd.  Dec.  I.  c. 

Engiav.     Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  18.— Wight's  Icon.  t.  403. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  procumbent  j  branches  slender,  spreading 
on  the  ground:  leaflets  15-20  pair,  linear,  obtuse:  peduncles  axil- 
lary, slender,  few-flowered  :  legumes  long-stalked,  6- 10 -jointed* 
rough  with  warts  when  ripe :  flowers  pale-yellow. 

Coromandel.     Bombay.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season, 

(3)  JE.  SUBVISCOSA,     (Dec.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  321. 

Syn.  M.  Iloxburghii,  Spr. — Smithia  aspera,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III. 
p.  343. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect,  tubercled  ;  leaflets  linear,  ob- 
tuse, glabrous :  peduncles  usually  2-flowered,  which  with  the  le- 
gumes are  usually  covered  with  glandular  hairs :  flowers  middle- 
sized,  bright-yellow. 

Bengal,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  XXVIIL    SMITHIA. 
Moiiaclelphla  Deeandrla.    Sex  -  Sy*t  .- 

Deriv.  Called  after  Sir  J.  Smith,  founder  of  the  Linnaean  So* 
eiety,  and  author  of  the  English  Flora. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Procumbent,  herbaceous  plants,  with  abruptly  pin- 
nated leaves :  racemes  axillary :  calyx  scariose,  bipartite,  with  2 
bracteales  at  the  base :  corolla  papilionaceous,  inserted  into  the 
bottom  of  the  calyx :  keel  cleft  from  the  base  to  near  the  apex  : 
stamens  equally  monadelphous  (5  and  5)  :  legumes  4-6-jointed, 
folded  up  within  the  calyx,  much  contracted  between  the  joint*  ^ 
joints  1 -seeded,  orbicular. 


293 

(1)    S.  SKNSITIVA.       (Alt.) 

Ident.  W.  &A.  prod.  I.  p.  220.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  323.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  342. 

Syn.     S.  geminiflora,  Roth.  Dec.  I.  c. 

£ngrav.  Rheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  38.— Ait.  Hort.  Kew.  III.  p.  496. 
t.  13. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial ;  leaflets  3-6  pair,  oval,  obtuse,  bristly 
along  the  margin  and  midrib  beneath :  pedicels  slightly  hairy  :  calyx 
segments  striated,  oblong-lanceolate,  pointed,  upper  one  entire, 
lower  occasionally  3-toothed  :  vexillum  orbicular,  much  longer  than 
the  calyx :  flowers  forming  a  sessile  or  peduncled  short  raceme, 
yellow. 

Coromandel.  Travancore.  Bombay.  Silhet.  Assam.  Flow- 
ering in  the  rainy  season.  The  plant  makes  excellent  hay.  (Roxb.) 

(2)  S.  RACEMOSA.     (Heyne.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  221. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  euneate-oblong,  retuse,  bristly  on  the 
margin  and  midrib  beneath :  upper  lip  of  the  calyx  broad,  truncat- 
ed, lower  shortly  3-cleft:  legume  about  4-jointed,  slightly  \\arted  : 
flowers  yellow,  forming  a  peduncled  short  raceme :  peduncles  longer 
than  the  leaves,  and  with  the  pedicels  and  calyx  glandular  and 
hairy. 

Peninsula.     Belgaum. 

(3)  S,  HIRSUTA,     (Dalz.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  63.— Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  135. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  erect :  stem  and  branches  hirsute,  with 
spreading  yellow  hairs  ;  leaflets  3-4  pair,  obovate-cuneate,  nnequal- 
sided,  ciliate  on  the  margin  :  flowers  between  capitate  and  racemose  ; 
peduncles  longer  than  the  leaf,  10-flowered  ;  calyx  sparingly  cover- 
ed with  long  hairs,  upper  segment  cuneafe,  truncate,  emarginate, 
lower  cuneate-obovate,  entire  :  flowers  yellow. 

Poonda  Ghaut,  flowering  in  September. 

(4)  S.  CAPITATA.     (Dalz.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  63.— Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II F.  p.  208. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  glabrous,  branched;  leaflets  9-15  pair,  li- 
near-oblong, obtuse,  ciliated,  common  petiole  hispid ;  stipules  ad- 
nate,  ovate-lanceolate,  terminated  by  a  bristle :  flowers  in  a  sphe- 
rical head,  numerous,  terminal :  peduncles  glabrous,  shorter  than 
the  leaf:  bracts  obovate-lanceolate,  as  long  as  the  calyx  :  calyx 


299 

glabrous,  the  lips  rounded,  undivided,  toothed,  the  teeth  long  ancl 
bristly  :  legumes  smooth,  joints  6-7. 
Parwar  Ghaut,  flowering  in  October. 

(5)  S.  SETULOSA.     (Dak.) 

Ident.     Dais.  Bomb.  flor.  p,  63. — Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  208* 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Stem  dichotomously  branched,  hispid  with  small 
bristles:  leaflets  5-7  pair,  linear-oblong,  obtuse,  ciliated  on  the 
margin  :  common  petiole  hispid :  stipules  adnate,  with  a  long  brist- 
ly acumination  :  flowers  in  a  terminal,  leafless  panicle  :  calyx  stri- 
ated ;  lips  quite  entire,  minutely  ciliated,  very  unequal,  upper  one 
larger,  round,  lower  one  oblong»  acute :  legumes  prominently  reti- 
culated, 10-r2-jointed. 

Parwar  Ghaut,  flowering  in  October. 

(6)  S.  BKJEMINA,       (Dfl/2.) 

Ident.    Dab.  Bomb,  flor.  p.  64. — Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  208. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Height  about  1  foot :  branches  springing  from  the 
base,  filiform,  hirsute,  with  bulbous  spreading  hairs :  leaflets  2 
pair,  obovate^cuneate,  ciliated  on  the  margin,  terminated  by  a  bris- 
tle :  racemes  few-flowered :  upper  lip  of  the  calyx  cuneate,  emar- 
ginate,  mucronate,  tower  3-lobed,  middle  one  longer,  acuminated : 
legume  coarsely  tubercled,  7-jointed. 

Parwar  Ghaut. 

(7)  S.  PURPUREA.     (Law.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  64. 

Engrae.     Bot.  Mag.  t.  4283. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  erect,  branched;  leaflets  oblong,  long-point- 
ed, ciliated  t  stipules  adnate,  ovate,  terminated  by  a  bristle :  racemes 
terminal  and  lateral :  peduncles  bristly,  as  long  as  the  leaf:  calyx 
segments  entire,  striated,  ciliated :  flowers  purple,  \\ith  a  white  spot 
on  the  vexillum  and  wings. 

Bombay. 

(8)  S.  BLANDA.     (Watt.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  64* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  cuneate-oblong ;  middle  nerve  without 
bristles ;  racemes  elongated,  glandular  and  hairy  ;  upper  lip  of  calyx 
broad,  eunarginate,  truncated,  lower  3-lobed  :  legume  not  tubercled 
or  warty. 

Belgium. 


300 

GfiNUS  XXIX.    LOUREA. 
Oiaclclpltla  Decantlrla.    Sex:  Sytt: 

Deriv.     Meaning  unknown. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  campanulate,  persistent,  equally  5-cleft } 
scariose  and  inflated  when  in  fruit :  corolla  papilionaceous :  vexil- 
lum  obcordate :  keel  obtuse  :  legumes  4-6-jointcd,  folded  up  within 
the  calyx,  much  contracted  between  the  joints  which  are  1-seeded. 

(1)  L.  VESPERTILIONIS.     (Desv.) 

Uent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  22K— Desv.  Jour,  Bot.  III.  p.  122. 
—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  323. 

Syn.  Hedysarum  Vespertilionis,  Linn.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  Ill,  p. 
352. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  285. — Jacq.  Icon.  Rar.  IV.  t.  566. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect;  leaves  trifoliolate ;  lateral 
leaflets  none  or  small,  obliquely  cuneate  at  the  base,  truncated  at 
the  apex,  terminal  one  transverse,  tipped  with  a  spiny  bristle,  2- 
lobed ;  lobes  divaricating,  oblong-lanceolate,  falcately  recurved,  ob- 
tuse: racemes  teiminal ;  flowers  small,  whitish. 

Coromandel.     Bombay.     Assam.     Flowering  all  the  year, 

GENUS  XXX.    URARIA. 
Ditulclplala  Decandria.    Sex    Sy*t  .- 

Deriv.     From  Oura,  a  tail,  in  allusion  to  the  bracts. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Perennial,  often  shrubby  plants:  leaves  simple, 
trifoliolate  or  pinnated  :  stipules  lanceolate,  upper  ones  very  cadu- 
cous, covering  the  flowers  in  place  of  bracteas  :  racemes  terminal, 
simple :  pedicels  in  pairs  from  each  bractea :  calyx  hairy,  not  be- 
coming inflated,  deeply  2-lipped,  upper  lip  bifid,  lower  3-partite  : 
joints  folded  up. 

(1)  U.  PICTA.     (Desv.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  221.— Desv.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  122. 
—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  324. 

Syn.  Doodia  picta,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  III.  p.  368. — Hedysarum 
pictum,  Jacq.  Coll.  II.  p.  262. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  411.— Jacq.  Ic.  Rar.  III.  t.  567. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect  shrub,  young  parts  clothed  with  hooked 
hairs  :  leaves  simple  and  pinnated,  simple  ones  oblong-ovate  :  leaf- 
lets of  the  compound  ones  2-4-pair,  linear-lanceolate,  under  side 
slightly  pubescent:  racemes  ^ery  long,  spike-like,  rigid:  bract» 


301 

telow  the  raceme  persistent:  pedicels  covered  with  ho'oked  hairs, 
tnuch  incurved  at  the  apex  after  flowering :  calyx  segments  bearded 
with  long  hairs :  lower  ones  at  length  about  twice  as  long  as  the 
Upper;  legume  3-6-jointed:  flowers  small,  red. 

Coromandel.  Circars,  by  the  shady  banks  of  water-courses. 
Common  in  the  districts  south-east  of  Surat.  Bengal.  Flowering 
nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)  U,  LAOOPOIDES.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  222. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  324. 

Syn.  Doodia  lagopoides,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  366. — lledysa- 
rum  lagopoides,  Burnt.  Ind.  p.  68. — H.  alopecuroides,  RottL  tipr* 
Syst.  III.  p.  312. — Lespedeza  lagopoides,  Pers. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  289. — Burm.  Ind.  t.  53,  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  procumbent,  rooting  at  the  joints: 
stems  pubescent :  leaves  simple  and  tcrnate,  terminal  leaflet  much 
the  larger,  roundish-ovate,  mucronate,  sprinkled  with  scabrous  pu- 
bescence :  racemes  dense,  very  hairy  :  pedicels  incurred  at  the  apex 
and  with  the  calyx  densely  bearded  :  upper  lip  of  calyx  short, 
Segments  ovate-acuminated,  lower  reflexed,  the  segments  elongated 
and  subulate-setaceous:  legume  2 -jointed  :  joints  orbicular- ovate, 
polished:  flowers  rose-coloured. 

Peninsula.     Assam.     Flovscring  nearly  all  the  year. 
(3)  U.  IIAMOSA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  222. 

Syn.     Doodia  hamos.i,  Roxb.  fl<  Ind.  III.  p.  366. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  284. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  shrub,  young  parts  hairy :  leaves  simple 
and  trifoliate  :  leaflets  elliptic  or  roundish,  softly  pubescent  beneath: 
racemes  axillary  and  terminal,  hispidly  hairy,  much  elongated  and 
lax  in  fruit :  bracts  caducous,  ovate,  with  a  long  subulate  point, 
hairy:  pedicels  incurved  nt  the  apex:  calyx  hairy,  upper  lip  2- 
toothed,  segments  of  the  lower  one  ovnte-acuminate :  legume  2-0 
jointed,  pubescent :  flowers  middle-sized,  rose-coloured. 

Peninsula.     Interior  of  Bengal.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year* 

(4)  U.  ALOPECUROIDKS.      (Wight.) 
Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  vol.  I.  No.  1,5. 

Syn.  U.  lagopus,  Royle. — Doodia  alopecuroides,  Roxb.  f.  Ind. 
III.  p.  368. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  290. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Perennial,  diffuse  :    leaves  tcrnate,  leaflets  ova), 


obtuse  J    racemes  imbricated   and   resembling  a  fox's   tail :  calyX 
hairy  :  pedicels  incurved  :  flowers  middle-sized,  rose*colour. 
Khasia  mountains,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(5)   U.  CRINITA.     (Desv.} 

Ident.     Desv.  Jour.  Bot.  III.  p.  122. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  324. 

Syn.  Doodia  crinata,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  309. — Hedysarum 
crinitum,  Linn. 

Engrav.     Desv.  1.  c.  t.  5.  f.  19. — Burm.  Ind.  t.  56. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  fruticose,  erect ;  leaves  unequally  pinnated ; 
leaflets  2-3  pair,  oblong :  raceme  elongated :  pedicels  hispid,  re- 
curved :  calyx-segments  hairy,  reflexed  t  legumes  polished :  flowers 
middle-sized,  rose-coloured. 

Khasia  mountains,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GENUS  XXXI.     DESMODIUM. 
Blaclelfilila  Deeaiidria.    &*.  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Desmos,  a  band,  in  reference  to  the  connection  of 
the  stamens* 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbs,  shrubs  or  small  trees:  leaves  pinnately 
trifoliolate  or  simple  by  abortion  :  flowers  usually  racemose,  or  um- 
belled  or  on  simple  peduncles,  axillary  or  terminal :  calyx  cleft  to 
the  middle  into  2  lips,  upper  lip  2-cleft,  lower  3-partite  :  corolla 
papilionaceous ;  vexillum  roundish  :  keel  obtuse :  style  filiform  : 
stigma  capitate :  legume  compressed,  several-jointed ;  joints  sepa- 
rating when  ripe,  1 -seeded. 

(1)    D.   UMBELLATUM.       (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  224.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  325. 

Syn.  Hedysarum  umbellatum,  Linn. — H.  arboreum,  Roxb.  flt 
Ind.  III.  p.  361. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  51. — Humph.  Amb.  IV.  t.  52. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  young  shoots  pubescent,  somewhat 
angled  :  leaves  trifoliolate :  leaflets  oval,  obtuse,  whitish-pubescent 
beneath,  terminal  one  the  largest :  peduncles  axillary,  much  shorter 
than  the  petiole :  legumes  3-4-jointed :  flowers  small,  greenish- 
white,  somewhat  umbellate. 

Near  Belgaum,  on  the  banks  of  streams,  flowering  in  April  and 
May. 

(2)  D.  CONGESTUM.     (  Wall.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  224. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  umbellatum,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  360,. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  I.  t,  209, 


303 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  young  shoots  obtusely  triangular,  pubes- 
cent: leaves  trifoliolate ;  leaflets  oblong-lanceolate,  pubescent  on  the 
nerves  beneath  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  much  shorter  than  the 
petiole  :  legumes  4-6-jointed,  slightly  pubescent :  flowers  numerous, 
somewhat  urn  belled,  white. 

Circars.     Travancore.     Flowering  in  the  cold  season, 

(3)    D.  CEPHALOTES.       (Wall.) 

tdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  224. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  cephalotes,  Roxb.fi.  Ind. HI.  p.  360. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  373. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree  :  branches  obtusely  triangular,  pubes- 
cent when  young :  leaves  trifoliolate  ;  leaflets  oblong  or  oblong-lan- 
ceolate, woolly  or  hairy  when  young,  afterwards  glabrous  :  pedun- 
cles axillary,  much  shorter  than  the  petiole,  many- flowered  ;  lower 
segments  of  the  calyx  narrower  and  longer  than  the  others :  le- 
gumes densely  villous,  2-3-jointed  :  flowers  greenish-white. 

Travancore.  Chittagong.  Assam.  Flowering  from  May  to 
July. 

(4)    D.  TRIQUETRUM.       ( Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  224.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  326. 

Syn.  Hedysarum  triquetrum,  Linn. — II.  alatum,  Roxb.fl.  Ind. 
HI.  p.  348. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Ind.  t.  52.  f,  2.— Zeyl.  t.  81. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffrutescent,  erect ;  branches  triangular,  pubes- 
cent, especially  on  the  angles :  leaves  cordate,  ovate  or  linear-ob- 
long, acuminated,  pubescent  beneath  :  petioles  winged  :  wings  acu- 
minated or  mucronate  on  each  side  at  the  apex :  racemes  axillary 
and  terminal,  many-flowered  :  legumes  hairy,  5-8-jointed,  slightly 
crenated  on  one  suture :  flowers  small,  pale  violet, 

Coromandel.  Bombay.  Bengal.  Assam,  Flowering  nearly 
all  the  year. 

(5)    D.  LATIFOLIUM.       (jDtfC.) 

Idtnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  225.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  327. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  latifolium,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  350. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  270.— Bot.  Reg.  V.  t.  355. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  Shrub:  branches  tomentose  :  leaves  cordate- ovate, 
obtuse  or  acuminated,  repand-crenated,  harshly  pubescent  above,  to- 
mentose beneath  :  petioles  simple ;  racemes  axillary  and  terminal: 
legumes  densely  hairy,  4-5-jointed,  slightly  crenated  on  one  suture, 
notched  to  the  middle  on  the  other :  flowers  small,  very  numerous, 
bright  purple. 

Coromandel.  Hilly  parts  of  the  Concan,  Assam.  Flowering 
nearly  all  the  year. 


304 

(C)  D.  GANGETICUM. 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  225. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  327. 

Syn.  D.  maculatum,  Dec.  1.  c. — Hedysarum  Gangeticum,  Linn. 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  348. — H.  maculatum,  Linn. — H.  collinum, 
Jloxb. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  271.— Pluk.  t.  50.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrubby:  stems  irregularly  angled,  hairy;  leaves 
simple,  ovate,  obtuse  or  acute,  under  more  or  less  pubescent  or 
hairy ;  petioles  simple  :  racemes  axillary  and  terminal,  very  long 
and  lax  :  legumes  6-8-jointed,  hispidly  puberulous,  notched  to  near 
the  back  on  one  suture :  flowers  small,  white  or  purple. 

Peninsula.  Silhet.  Assam.  Monghyr.  Flowering  nearly  all 
the  year. 

(7)  D.  WIOHTII.     (Grah.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  226. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  diffuse  :  branches  triangular,  pubes- 
cent on  the  angles :  leaves  long-petioled,  trifoliolate ;  leaflets  ob- 
long-lanceolate, acuminated,  slightly  pubescent  beneath  :  racemes 
terminal,  elongated :  bracts  setaceous,  about  3  together :  pedicela 
in  threes,  slender :  legumes  6-8- jointed,  very  deeply  notched  oa 
one  suture ;  joints  semicircular,  not  truncated. 

Mountains  of  Cunnawady,  near  Dindigul. 

(8)  D.  DIFFUSUM.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  226.— Dec,  prod.  II.  p.  3S6. 

Syn.  D.  dichotomum,  Dec.  1.  c. — Hedysarum  diffusum,  Willd* 
— II.  dichotomum,  Do. — H.  auriculatum,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind  .Hi.  p+ 
355. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  298. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  procumbent:  branches  4-5-angled, 
hispidly  pubescent :  leaves  trifoliolate ;  leaflets  oval,  pubescent  on 
both  sides :  stipules  leafy,  auricled  and  stem-clasping :  racemes 
terminating  every  branch,  very  long :  bracts  small,  2-3  together : 
legumes  ascending,  5-6-jointed,  notched  on  both  sutures,  hispidly 
hairy  :  flowers  in  pairs  or  threes,  rose-coloured. 

Peninsula.     Interior  of  Bengal.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(9)    D.    RECURVATUM.       (6VaA.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  226. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  recurvatum,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  III.  p.  358. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  374. 

SPRC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  branches  recurved,  hairy,  angled:  young 
shoots  triquetrous  :  leaves  bifarious,  trifoliolutc  ;  leaflets  ovate  or 


305 

'Oval,  pubescent  beneath :  racemes  terminal,  drooping,  very  long : 
bracts  lanceolate,  surrounding  smaller  setaceous  ones  :  legumes 
narrow-linear,  straight  on  both  sutures,  hairy :  flowers  several  to- 
gether, small,  bluish-white. 

Travancore.  Western  Ghauts.  Cawnpore.  Flowering  in  the 
rainy  season. 

(10)    D.  QUINQUEANGULATUM.       (Wight.) 

Ident.    Wight's  Icon,  vol.  I.  No,  15. 

Syn.  Hedysarum  quinqueangulatum,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  Ill,  p* 
355. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  2f)3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  diffuse :  leaves  ternate  :  leaflets  oval* 
downy  :  stipules  cordate :  racemes  numerous :  legumes  hispid,  6- 
jointed,  notched  on  both  sutures  :  flowers  in  pairs,  small,  blue. 

Bengal,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(11)    D.  ELONGATUM.       (Wall.) 

Ident.     Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  222. 

Syn,  D.  diflnsum,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  335.— Hedysarum  diffu> 
sum,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  357. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  409. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  fruticose,  somewhat  erect,  glabrous  :  bran* 
ches  pubescent :  stipules  lanceolate ;  leaflets  elliptic,  acuminated^ 
pubescent  beneath ;  racemes  terminal,  elongated :  pedicels  fasci- 
cled :  young  legumes  villous;  flowers  small,  bright-blue. 

Interior  of  Bengal,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(12)  D.  GYRANS.     (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  227.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p,  326. 
Syn.     Hedysarum  gyrans,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  351. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  294.— Jacq.  Ic.  Rar.  IV.  t.  564. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Suffrutescent,  erect:  branches  slender,  angled, 
glabrous :  leaves  petioled,  trifoliolate :  leaflets  narrow-oblong,  ob- 
tuse at  both  ends,  pubescent  "beneath,  the  lateral  pair  very  small  i 
racemes  axillary  and  terminal,  numerous  towards  the  top  of  the 
branches  and  forming  together  a  large  panicle :  bracts  broad-cor- 
date, before  expansion  densely  imbricated  over  the  flowers,  cadu- 
cous: stigma  elongated  laterally  and  as  if  2-cleft:  legumes  flat, 
pubescent,  crenatcd  on  the  lower  margin,  10-12-jointed :  flowers 
small,  dull-orange. 

Peninsula.    Bengal.    Assam.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year* 


305 

(13)    D.  GYROIDES.       (DCC.) 

W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  227.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  526. 
Syn.     Hedysarum  gyroides,  Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  57. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  diffuse  :  branches  angled,  and  clothed 
\vith  soft  white  hairs  :  leaves  trifoliolate :  leaflets  obovate-elliptic, 
'obtuse,  whitish-pubescent  beneath,  silky  on  the  margin :  terminal 
leaflet  3-4-times  larger  than  the  lateral  ones :  racemes  axillary  and 
terminal,  forming  a  panicle  at  the  end  of  the  branches :  bracts 
broad-cordate,  pointed,  pubescent,  before  expansion  densely  imbri- 
cated like  a  cone,  deciduous  :  vexillum  about  half  the  length  of  the 
keel :  style  marked  with  a  transparent  line :  legumes  hirsute,  slight- 
ly crenated  at  one  suture  :  flowers  small,  yellowish. 

Jiengal.     Assam.     Flowering  in  October  and  November. 
(14)  D.  POLYCARPUM,    (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  227.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  334. 

Syn.  D.  heterocarpum,  Dec.  I.  c.  p.  337. — D.  capitatum,  Dec. 
i.  r.  p.  336. — D.  angulatum,  Dec.  L  c.  p.  335. — D.  siliquosum, 
Dec.  1.  c.  p.  336. — Hedysarum  heterocarpum,  Linn. — H.  polycar- 
pum,  Lam.  III.  t.  628.  /.  4. — H.  conicum,  Poir. — H.  siliquosum, 
jB#rm.— -"H.  purpureum,  Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  III.  p.  358. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  406.— Burm.  Ind.  t.  54.  f.  1,  and  t. 
55.  f.  .2.— Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  53.  f.  1,  2.— Pluk.  t.  433.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  procumbent,  often  rooting  at  the 
joints :  branches  slightly  angled,  usually  pubescent  or  hairy  on  the 
young  shoots  :  leaves  trifol relate  :  leaflets  oval,  obtuse  or  mucro- 
rmte,  usually  pubescent  beneath,  lateral  ones  rather  smaller  than 
the  terminal  one,  sometimes  wanting :  petioles  slightly  margined  : 
racemes  axillary  and  terminal :  bracts  broad-ovate,  pointed,  pubes- 
•cent,  densely  imbricated  before  expansion  :  keel  narrow,  incurved 
at  the  apex,  longer  than  the  wings :  legumes  erect,  hispid,  5~6-joint- 
ed,  notched  into  the  middle  on  one  margin :  flowers  largish,  bright 
bluish-purple. 

Peninsula.     Bengal.    Assam.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season* 
(15)  D.  RUFESCENS.    (Dec.) 

Ident.  W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  228. — Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  335, 
Syn.  D.  ferrugineum,  Wall. — Hedysarum  rufescens,  Spr. 
Engrav.  Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  57. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub,  densely  clothed  with  yellowish-brown  to* 
men  turn  :  leaves  trifoliolate ;  leaflets  oval,  obtuse  with  a  long  bristle, 
densely  clothed  with  white  silky  hairs  beneath,  upper  side  glabrous : 
racemes  axillary  and  terminal :  bracts  ovate,  tapering  to  a  long  point, 
densely  imbricated  before  expansion;  vexilium  large,  obcordatej 


"Wings  as  long  as  the  broad  keel :  legume  pubescent,  about  7 -joints 
ed,  notched  into  the  middle  of  one  suture  ;  flowers  largish,  bluish-^ 
purple. 

Neilgherries. 

(16)    D.   STItANCULATUM.       (W.   $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  228. 
Enyrav.     Wight's  Spicil.  I.  t.  58. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous:  branches  hairy,  somewhat  3-angled^ 
angles  obtuse :  leaves  trifoliolate,  long-petioled :  leaflets  pubescent 
on  both  sides,  lateral  ones  obliquely-ovate,  terminal  one  rhomboid': 
stipules  oblong-lanceolate,  glabrous :  racemes  hairy,  axillary  and 
terminal,  panicled,  at  first  imbricated  with  hairy  bracteas,  afterwards 
becoming  very  long  and  lax,  few-flowered  :  calyx  bilabiate  :  upper 
lip  emarginate,  under  deeply  cleft:  vexilliun  obovate :  wings  shorter 
than  the  keel :  legume  2-3-jointed  (occasionally  from  abortion  1- 
jointed),  much  contracted  on  one  suture  between  the  joints,  hispidly 
pubescent;  flowers  2-3  together,  small,  red,  on  long  filiform  pedi- 
cels. 

Neilgherries. 

(17)  D.  TRIFLORUM.     (Dec.^J 

Ident.     W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  229.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  334. 
Syn.     Hedyaarum  triflorum,  Willd.  Roxb.  fl.   Ind.  III.  p.  363. 
• — II.  stipulaceum,  Burm. — ^Eschynomene  triflora,  Pair. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  292,— Burm.  Ind.  t.  54.  f.  2.— Burm. 
Zeyl.  t.  54,  f.  2. 

Srac.  CHAR.  Procumbent,  diffuse,  perennial :  leaves  trifoliolate  ^ 
leaflets  orbicular,  obovate  or  obcordute,  more  or  less  pubescent  or 
hairy  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary  or  fascicled,  1-3-flowered  :  vexil- 
lum  obovate,  with  a  long  claw  :  style  bent  acutely  near  the  summit 
and  tumid  at  the  angle:  legume  hispidly  pubescent,  3~6-jointed^ 
notched  into  the  middle  on  the  lower  margi  j :  flowers  small,  bluev 

Peninsula.     Monghyr.     Flowering  all  the  year. 

(18)    D.  HETEROP1IYLLUM.       (Dec.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  33  J. 

Syn.  D.  triflorum,  var.  a.  W.  fy  A.  prod.  T.  p.  229. — Tfedysa> 
rum  reptans,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  Ill,  p.  054. — H.  heterophyllum,  Willd. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  54.  f.  1. — Wight's  Icon.  t.  291. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  herbaceous,  ascending,  hairy  :  leaves  trifo- 
liolate ;  leaflets  roundish  or  obovate,  pubescent :  peduncles  usually, 
solitary,  sometimes  twin,  longer  than  the  leaves,  1-3-flowered:  le^ 
gumes  3-4-jointed,  straight:  flowers  small,  white, 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 


303 

(W)    D.   P\KVIFOLIUM.       (Di'C.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  229.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  334. 

Si/n.  Hedysarum  parvifolium,  8pr. — H.  tenellum,  Don.  pro& 
fl.  Nep.  p.  243. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Procumbent,  diffuse  :  branches  triangular,  usually 
hairy  towards  their  extremity  :  leaves  trifeholate ;  leaflets  from  oval 
to  orbicular,  mucronate,  hairy,  especially  beneath;  stipules  bristle- 
pointed  :  racemes  terminal  or  leaf-opposed,  lax,  capillary,  flexuose 
and  divaricating :  pedicels  long,  slender :  bracts  hairy,  oblong-acu- 
minated, soon  tailing  oft':  legumes  slightly  pubescent,  3-4-jointed^ 
Crenated  on  the  upper  suture,  deeply  notched  on  the  lower. 

Peninsula  ?     Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(20)  D.  RENIFORMK.     (  Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  230.— Dec.  prod,  II.  p.  327. 
Syn.     Hedysarum  reniforme,  Linn. 
Engiav.     Burm.  Ind.  t.  52.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Procumbent,  diffuse :  branches  filiform :  leavea 
simple,  roundish-reniform,  very  obtuse  or  emnrginate,  glabrous  on 
both  sides;  fiowors  axillaiy  and  solitary  or  in  terminal  racemes: 
legumes  5-6-joiuted,  mucronate,  glabrous,  notched  on  one  suturo 
only. 

Peninsula. 

(21)  D.  oRBicrr.ATUM.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  222. 

Syn.  Hedysarum  styracifolium,  Linn. — H.  retroflexum,  Linn.— — 
II.  procumbens,  Roxb.  //.  Ind..  III.  p.  345. — Nicholsonia  styraci* 
folia,  Desv. — Desmodium  retroflexum,  Dec.  prod.  II,  p.  33G.--» 
Uraria  styracifolia,  W.  fy  A. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  young  parts  clothed  with  soft  white  hairs  : 
branches  angled  :  leave%  simple  or  trifoliolate  with  soft  white  hairs 
beneath;  leaflets  glabrous  abo\e>  roundish-obovate,  terminal  one 
the  largest :  racemes  axillary  and  terminal,  shoiter  than  the  petiole  : 
pedicels  becoming  deflexed  whilst  fiouering:  lips  of  the  calyx  short^ 
nearly  equal,  upper  bifid,  with  triangular  segments,  lower  (it-only  3«* 
cleft :  legumes  3-4-jointcd,  much  longer  than  the  calyx  :  llowera 
small,  purplish, 

Coromandel.     Silhet. 

GENUS  XXXil.     DICERMA. 
Dlaclelpftia  Deeaudrfia.    Sex    Sy?t 

fieric.  From  /)?.v,  twice,  and  Erma^  a  prop,  in  allusion  to  thd 
Calyx  being  propped  by  two  biactb. 


GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs:  calyx  bilabiate,  bibracteolate,  upper  lip 
entire,  lower  3-cleft,  the  middle  segment  slightly  longest :  corolla, 
papilionaceous  :  vexillum  obovate  ;  keel  about  equal  with  the  wings  : 
legume  2-3-jointed ;  joints  orbicular,  flat,  1 -seeded,  the  last  joint 
having  the  remains  of  the  style  between  the  two  sutures. 

(1)    D.  PULCHELLUM.      (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  230.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  339. 
Syn.     Hedysarum  pulchellum,   Linn.  Roxb.fi,  Ind.  III.  p.  361* 
••— Phyllodium  pulchellum,  Desv. — Zornia  pulchella,  Pers. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  418.— -Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  52.— Pluk  t. 
433.  f.  7. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  erect :  leaves  long-petioled,  pinnately  trifo- 
liolate ;  leaflets  elliptic-oblong,  pubescent  beneath,  terminal  one  the 
largest,  all  furnished  with  partial  stipules  :  floial  leaves  bifoliolate, 
the  odd  one  abortive,  the  lateral  ones  orbicular  and  bract-like,  the 
petiole  ending  in  a  bristle  nearly  as  long  as  the  lateral  leaflets  :  le- 
gumes glabrous  on  the  sides,  villous  on  the  sutures :  flowers  small, 
aggregated,  greenish-sulphur. 

Peninsula.     Assam.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)    D.  BIARTICULATUM.       (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  230.— Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  339. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  biarticulatum,  Linn.  Roxb.fi.  Did.  III.  p.  359. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  419.— Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  50.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse :  stipules  cohering  together  near  their 
apex  :  leaves  short-petioled,  palmately  trifoliolute ;  leaflets  nearly 
equal  in  size,  obovate-oblong,  obtuse  ;  floral  leaves  abortive :  flowers 
2-4-together  in  the  axils  of  stipules  and  forming  nuked  racemes, 
bluish  :  legumes  2-jomtcd,  clothed  with  hairs. 

Peninsula. 

GENUS  XXXIII.    ELEIOTIS. 
DiadelpHia  Decaiidria.    Sex    Syst 

Deriv.  From  Eleios,  a  dormouse,  and  Ous,  a  ear,  alluding  to  the 
ahape  of  the  leaves. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  procumbent  plants  with  triangular 
stems  :  stipules  distinct  from  each  other :  leaves  petioled,  pinnately 
1-3-foliolate  :  racemes  axillary,  much  longer  than  the  leaves  : 
flowers  distant,  in  pairs,  on  slender  1 -flowered  pedicels:  calyx  cam- 
panulate,  5-toothed  or  cleft :  corolla  papilionaceous ;  vexillum  ob- 
ovate ;  keel  obtuse :  legume  compressed,  composed  of  1-2-joints, 
the  upper  suture  straight  and  thicker  than  the  other :  joints  semU 
OYu.1,  not  prickly  :  seeds  oblong, 


3 10 

(l)  E.  SOROFUA.     (Dec.) 

Went.     W.  &  A.  prod.  T  p.  231.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  348. 

Syn.  E.  monophyllum,  Dec.  1.  c. — Iledysarum  sororium,  Linn* 
Soxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  332, — Halhd  sororia,  fFilld.—  Onobrychis 
sororia,  Desv. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Ind.  t.  50.  f.  2.— Pluk.  t.  105.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.     Leaves  trifoliolate ;  lateral  leaflets   near  the  base- 
qf  the  common  petiole  oblong-ovate,  very  small,     often   entirely 
abortive,  terminal  one  many  times  larger  than  the  others,  reniformj- 
orbicular,  often  variegated  :  calyx  truncated,   obscurely  5-toothed  I 
legume  1 -jointed  ;  joints  bluntish  at  both  ends :  flowers  red. 

Peninsula. 

(2)  E.  ROTTLERI.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  231. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaves  trifoliolate;  leaflets  about  equal  in  size> 
pbovate-orbicular,  mucronate :  calyx  bilabiate,  lower  lip  3-partite,. 
upper  2-cleft:  legume  1-2-jointed;  joints  separated  by  a  narrow 
aeck,  acute  at  both  ends,  upper  one  beaked  with  the  base  of  the* 
style. 

GENUS  XXXIV.     LESPEDBZA. 
Diaflelpliia  Deeanrtria.    Sex:  Sytt 
Deriv.    In  honor  of  Mons.  Lespedcz,  Governor  of  Florida. 
GEN.  CHAR.     Calyx  bibracteolate   at  the  base,   5-partite;  seg* 
ments  about  equal :  corolla  pftpilionnceous  ;   keel  transversely  ob- 
tuse ;  legume  lenticular,  compressed,  flat,  unarmed. 

(1)  L.  INDICA.     (Spr.) 

Ident.     W.  cSc  A.  prod.  I.  p.  231.— Spr.  Syst.  III.  p.  202; 
Syn.     Flemingia  Rothlann,  Dec.  prod.   II.  p.   351. — Ilallia  trf^ 
foliata,  Roth.         £ 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect  shrub,  somewhat  tomentose  :-  leaves  pin* 
nately  trifoliolate :  petiole  filiform  ;  leaflets  roundish-ovate,  villous^ 
rusty-tomentose  on  the  nerves  beneath :  calyx  villous :  racemes 
solitary  in  the  axils  of  the  lower  leaves,  and  fascicled  in  the  axils* 
of  the  upper  ones,  4-0-flowered  :  legume  rhomboid-ovate,  pubes- 
cent, coriaceous,  about  the  length  oi  the  calyx  :  flowers  purplish,. 

Peninsula. 

GENUS  XXXY.     ALHAGI. 
Hlailel|iltia  Ileeanilrla.    Se*    Syst: 
Dcnv.     The  Arabic  name  for  the  plant. 


311 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed :  corolla  papilionaceous:  peta\s 
about  equal  in  length:  vexillum  obovate,  folded  together;  keel 
straight,  obtuse. 

(1)  A.  MAURORUM.     (Toutn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  232.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  352.— 
3?rury's  Useful  Plants  p.  25. 

Syn.  A.  mannifera,  Desv. — Hedysarum  Alhargi,  Linn.  Eoxb.fl. 
Ind.  III.  p.  344. — Manna  Hebraica,  Don. — A.  Nepalensium,  Dec. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  leaves  simple,  obovate-oblong,  glaucous 
beneath,  glabrous :  stipules  very  minute :  peduncles  axillary,  spi- 
nescent :  legume  stalked,  few-seeded,  contracted  here  and  there  ir- 
regularly with  partitions  :  flowers  few,  racemose,  reddish. 

Monghyr.  Delhi.  Guzerat.  South  Mahratta  country.  The 
eatable  substance  known  as  Manna  is  an  exudation  from  the  leaves 
and  branches  of  this  shrub,  only  appearing  in  the  hot  weather,  at 
which  time,  when  almost  all  the  smaller  plants  die,  this  puts  forth 
it$  leaves  and  flowers. 

GENUS  XXXVT.     ALYSICARPU& 
Bladelpliia  Decamlrift.    Set    Systt 

t>eriv.  From  Alysis>  a  chain,  and  Carpos,  fruit.  The  legume 
is  composed  of  several  1 -seeded  joints. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  or  suffruticose  plants :  leaves  simplei 
entire,  linear,  oval  or  roundish,  often  presenting  all  these  forms  on 
the  same  species :  racemes  leaf-opposed  or  terminal :  flowers  usually 
in  pairs,  embraced  before  expansion  by  a  deciduous  bract :  calyx 
persistent,  tubular,  deeply  4-cleft,  upper  segment  bifid  :  corolla 
papilionaceous:  legumes  terete  or  slightly  compressed,  composed  of 
several  1 -seeded  joints  which  separate  when  ripe. 

(1)    A,  MONILIFER.       (Dec.)     * 

Ident.     W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  232.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  353. 

Syn.     Kedysarum  moniliferum,  Linn.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  345« 

Engrav.     Burm.  Ind.J;.  52.  f.  3.— Petiv.  Gaz.  t.  26.  f.  4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  SufFruticose  :  branches  hairy  :  leaves  orbicular  or 
cordate-ovate,  obtuse  :  stipules  about  the  length  of  the  petiole  i 
calyx  deeply  4-cleft,  the  upper  segment  bifid,  the  segments  distinct 
when  in  fruit  and  slightly  spreading :  racemes  leaf-opposed,  short : 
flowers  in  pairs :  legumes  4-6-jointed,  moniliform,  much  contracted 
between  the  joints  ;  joints  smooth,  clothed  with  hooked  pubescence* 

Coromandel,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 


312 

(2)   A,  NUMMULARIFOLIUS.       (Dec,) 

tdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  232.— Dec.  prod.  IF.  p,  353. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  nummularifolium,    Willd. — H.  cylindricumi 
Poir. 
Engrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  49.  f,  1.— Petiv.  Gaz.  t.  26.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  procumbent :  branches  slightly  pir- 
bescent  towards  the  base ;  leaves  oval,  obtuse,  cordate  at  the  base, 
sometimes  varying  to  linear,  glabrous  or  pubescent  beneath :  sti- 
pules sheathing  the  branches :  calyx  deeply  5-cleft ;  segments  dis- 
tinct; legume  much  longer  than  the  calyx,  nearly  cylindrical,  not 
contracted  between  the  joints;  joints  thickened  at  their  line  of 
junction  :  flowers  approximated  on  shortish  racemes. 

Peninsula. 

(3)  A.  VAGINALIS.     (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  233.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  353. 

Syn.     Iledysarum  vaginale,  Linn.   Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.   345* 
*-H.  varium,  Roth. — II.  bupleurifolium,  Roxb.  fl.Ind.  III.  p.  346* 
Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  59.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticosc,  diffuse ;  branches  more  or  less  hairy  j 
leaves  from  oval-obtuse  and  cordate  at  the  base,  to  cordate-lanceo- 
late or  narrow-linear :  calyx  5-cleft  to  beyond  the  middle  ;  segments 
strongly  nerved  and  somewhat  hairy :  legume  3-6-jointed,  much 
longer  than  the  calyx,  slightly  moniliform  or  contracted  between  tho 
joints;  joints  slightly  inflated,  pubescent:  racemes  terminal,  elon-« 
gated ;  flowers  in  rather  distant  pairs,  greenish-purple. 

Peninsula.  Monghyr.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year.  Thd 
roots  are  covered  with  minute  round  tubes  like  warts, 

(4)   A.  BUPLEURIFOLIUS.      (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  233.— Dec.  prod.  TT.  p.  352. 

Syn.  HedysarUm  bupleurifolium,  Linn. — H.  gramineum,  Retz. 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  646. 

Engrav.  Bot.  Mag.  vol.  XII.  t.  1722.-— Roxb,  Cor.  II.  t.  194* 
Bheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  32. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose,  diffuse :  leaves  linear-lanceolate^ 
acute :  stipules  longer  than  the  petioles  :  calyx  cleft  to  beyond  the 
middle ;  segments  lanceolate,  acute,  striated,  ciliated  at  the  apex  : 
legumes  glabrous,  3-5-jointed,  somewhat  cylindrical,  scarcely  con- 
tracted between  the  joints,  about  twice  as  long  as  the  calyx  ;  joints 
smooth :  racemes  terminal,  elongated :  flowers  short-pedicelled,  ia 
distant  pairs,  rose-orange. 

Peninsula,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 


34$ 

(3)    As  LONGIPOLIUS. 

tde*t.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  231. 

Syn.     Hedysarum  longifolium,  RottL 

Engrav.     Wight's. loon.  t.  251. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect,  branched  :  leaves  linear-Ian* 
ceolate,  slightly  cordate  at  the  base,  sparingly  pubescent  beneath  : 
stipules  large,  longer  than  the  petioles:  calyx  cteeply  4-cleft  ;  seg- 
ments- erect*  overlapping  at  the  edges,  striated,  hairy,  ciliated,  up- 
per one  shortly  bifid :  legume  slightly  contracted  between  the  seeds,, 
pubescent,  5-6-seeded :  racemes  spike-like,  very  long :  pedicel* 
short,  approximated.. 

Northern  Circars. 

(6)  A>  STYRACIFOLIUS.    (Dec.) 

Idcnt.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  254.-— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  353. 

Syn*  A\  cylindraceus,  Desv. — Hedysarum  styracifblium,  $pr.-— 
H,  glumaceum,  A"o«n.  Roxb-fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  347. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Biennial':  branches  diffuse;  hairy:  leaves  from- 
cordate-oval  to4inear-lanceolate,  glabrous  above :  stipules  as  long 
as  the  petioles  and  like  the  bracts  ciliated  with  long  hairs  on  the 
margins:  calyx  4-partite;  segment*  erect,  glabrous  on  the  back, 
plumose-ciliated,  striated,  upper  one  shortly  bifid:  legume  2-4-- 
jointed,  glabrous,  much  contracted  between, the  jpints  ;,  joints  trans- 
versely  wrinkled :  racemes  terminal  or  leaf-opposed,  short,  dense* 
hairy. 

Surat.    Arcot.    Coromandel.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(7)  A.  HEYNEANUS.     ( W.  $  A.) 

Identi    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  234. 

f$yn.     Hedysarum  styracifolium,  Rbxb.  fi.  Ind.  III.  jp.  347. 

SPBC.  CHAR.  Erect,  pubescent  all  over  except  the  upper  surface 
of  the  leaves  and  calyx  :  leaves  very  short- petioled,  broad ly-ovate, 
mucronate  :  stipules  longer  than  the  petioles :  calyx  4-partite  ;  seg- 
ments acute :  legume  3— 3-jointed,  contracted  between  the  joints, 
mucronate :  joints  transversely  wrinkled  :  racemes  axillary  and  ter^ 
minal,  short  and  dense,,  elongated  in  fruit. 

Coromandel. 

(8)  A.  BELGAUMENSIS.    (Lau>.\ 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p,  65. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  92. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Suffruticose :  leaves  trifoliolate :  leaflets  linear^ 
oblong,  terminal  one  much  the  largest :  calyx  deeply  4-cleft,  upper 


314 

segment  bifid:  joints  of  the  legume  compressed,  irregularly  reticu- 
lated, pubescent. 

Ram  Ghaut.     Belgaum.     Flowering  in  September* 

(9)  A.  PUBESCENS.     (Law.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  65. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  250. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  erect  r  stems  round,  hairy  :  leaver 
simple,  short-petioled,  linear-lanceolate,  acute,  3-nerved,  glabrous 
above,  pubescent  beneath  :  racemes  terminal,  spicate  ;  flowers  sub- 
sessile  :  calyx  4 -cleft  to  the  base,  clothed  with  long  silky  hairs ; 
legumes  much  contracted  between  the  seeds, 

Belgaum. 

(10)  A.  PARVIFLORUS.      (Dalz.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  65.— Hook.  Jour.  Bot  IIL  p.  21 U 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Herbaceous,  erect ,   stem   branched,  glabrous  at 
the  base,  covered  with  spreading  hairs  in  the  upper  part ;  leaves 
simple  and  trifoliolate,  oblong-elliptic,   mucronate,   somewhat  cor- 
date at  the  base,  strigose  beneath  :  stipules  shorter  than  the  petioles  r 
calyx  almost  5-clivided ;  segments   subulate ;  legume  half  monili- 
ibrm,  reticulated,  twice  as  long  as  the  calyx,  5-6-seeded. 
Phoonda  Ghaut,  flowering  in  November. 

GENUS  XXXVII.    ABRUS. 
JHaflelphiti  Deramlrift.    Sex    Syst.* 

fleriv.     From  Abros,  soft,  in  allusion  to  the  delicate  leaves- 

GEN.  CHAR.  Twining  or  diffuse  shrubs  :  leaves  abruptly  prb* 
nated,  with  many  pairs  of  leaflets  :  calyx  campanulate,  obsolete}/ 
4rlobed,  upper  lohe  broadest,  or  4-toothed  with  the  upper  tooth 
bifid :  corolla  papilionaceous ;  vexillum  ovate :  stamens  cohering 
at  the  base  with  the  claw  of  the  vexillum,  the  tenth  wanting :  style 
short:  stigma  capitate :  legume  oblong,  compressed,  4-G-seeded; 
seeds  roundish,  separated  by  cellular  partitions. 

(1)  A.  PRKCATORIUS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  1.  p.  236.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  381.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  258. 

Syn,  A.  pauciflorus  and  A.  minor,  Desv. — Glycine  Abrus, 
Linn. 

Eiupav.  Rheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  30.— Humph.  Amb.  V.  t.  32. 
— Pliik,  t.  214.  f.  5. 


315 

CI!AR.  Twining  :  ultimate  branches  slightly  hairy  :  leaf* 
lets  8-20-pair,  linear-oval,  obtuse  at  both  ends,  glabrous  or  sprink- 
led with  a  few  hairs :  racemes  axillary,  peduncled,  nearly  as  long  as 
the  leaves,  many»flowered :  calyx  obsoietely  lobed ;  claw  of  the 
vexillum  longish,  cohering  with  the  staminal  sheath  at  its  base  and 
forming  with  it  a  short  tube  round  the  ovary  :  flowers  rose-colouretf. 

Peninsula.  Assam.  Flowering  in  the  cold  season.  There  are 
varieties  with  white  flowers  and  white  black  or  red  seeds. 

(2)  A.  FRUTICULOSUS.     (Herb.  Madr.) 

Ident.     \V.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  230, 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  33. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse :  ultimate  branches  leaves  and  racemes 
pubescent :  leaflets  approximated,  narrow-linear,  niucronate  :  racemes 
terminating  the  short  leafy  axillary  branches,  few-flowered :  calyx 
teeth  triangular-acute,  upper  one  bifid  at  the  apex :  claw  of  the 
vexillum  very  short,  cohering  with  the  stamen-sheath  only  at  the 
very  base. 

Palamcottah.    Malabar. 

GENUS  XXXVIII.    NOMISMIA. 
Diadelphla  Decandrla*    Sex .-  Sysi  • 

Deriv.  From  Nomismos,  a  coin,  alluding  to  the  shape  and  appear* 
ancc  of  the  seeds. 

GEW.  CHAR.  Twining  plants  :  leaves  pinnately  trifoliolate :  leaf- 
lets glandular  on  the  under  side :  racemes  axillary,  often  springing 
from  the  young  axillary  twining  shoots ;  calyx  and  legume  hairy  : 
calyx  deeply  2-lipped,  under  lip  longer  than  the  upper,  3-partite, 
middle  segment  the  longest :  upper  lip  2-cleft ;  all  the  segments 
bent  falcately  upwards,  more  or  less  subulate,  and  enclosing  the 
corolla  in  aestivation  and  forming  a  hook  beyond  it :  corolla  pa- 
pilionaceous :  vexillum  with  2  callosities  near  the  base  of  the 
limb  :  keel  falcate,  the  petals  free  from  the  base  to  the  bend :  legume 
orbicular,  much  compressed,  1-2-seeded :  seeds  with  a  large,  fleshy, 
2-lobed  wart  at  the  hilum . 

(1)   N.  NUMMULAR1A.       (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  T.  p.  237. 

Syn.  Glycine  nummularia,  Linn. — Rhyjichosia  nurnmularia,  De d. 
prod.  II.  p.  &86. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  283, 


CHAR.  Petioles  longer  than  the  leaves  :  leaflets  tufteate* 
t>bovate,  broader  than  long,  retuse :  racemes  few-flowered,  laX, 
'much  shorter  than  the  petioles,  usually  on  the  young  shoots  :  calyx 
segments  (except  the  Uttrest)  'about  half  the  length  of  the  corolla  ^ 
legume  terminated  by  the  straight  base  of  the  style,  1 -seeded :  floW* 
*rs  yellow. 

Peniniula.    Travancore. 

(2)  N.  CAPITATA.     (W.  $  A.) 

Jdcnt.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  237. 

'Syn.  Glycine  capitata,  Heyne,— *Rhyncosia  capitata,  Disc .  ptQ& 
II.  p.  386. 

'Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  295. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Petioles  about  the  length  of 'the  leaves:  leaflet* 
nearly  orbicular  with  a  cuneate  base :  racemes  peduncled,  many- 
"flowered,  longer  than  the  leaves,  with  a  slender,  leafless  and  some* 
\rhat  abortive  ytfung  slioot  springing  from  about  the  middle  of  the 
peduncle :  calyx  segments  long,  subulate :  vexillum  not  striped : 
legume  terminated  by  the  hooked  bate  of  the  style,  2-seeded:  flow* 
«crs  yellow. 

Peninsula* 

(3)   N.  AURBA.      (IT.  $•  A .) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  237. 

'$yn.  Hedysarum  aureum,  Koen. — Glycine  aurea,  JPf'/W.— Qf 
elongata,  Roth. — Rhyncosia  aurea,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  386.— R.  elon- 
gata,  Dec.  I.  c. 

Engrnv.    Pluk.  t.  52.  f.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Petioles  about  the  length  of  the  leaves  ;  leaflets 
nearly  orbicular,  ctmeate  at  the  base,  terminal  one  rhomboid  and 
slightly  acute :  racemes  peduncled,  few-flowered,  flexuose,  shorter 
than  the  leaves,  not  bearing  a  young  shoot  on  the  peduncle :  calyx 
segments  long-subulate,  much  falcate,  forming  a  long  subulate  hook- 
ed point  -to  the  flower-bud  during  aestivation  :  vexillum  broad,  strip* 
eel  with  dark  veins :  legumes  terminated  by  the  hooked  base  of  the 
style,  2-seeded :  flowers  yellow. 

Peninsula. 

GENUS  XXXIX.    RHYNCHOSIA. 

Dladelphta  Deeandria.    S«x:  Syit: 

Dcriv.    From  Rtiynchos,  a  beak,  alluding  to  the  beaked  keel) 


31T 

GEN.  CHAR.  Usually  twining,  perennial  or  shrubby  plants: 
leaves  pinnately  trifoliolate,  rarely  simple  :  flowers  axillary,  race- 
mose or  solitary :  calyx  2-lipped,  lower  lip  3-partite ;  middle  seg- 
ment usually  the  longest;  upper  lip  2-cleft,  about  equal  to  the 
lower:  corolla  papilionaceous,  Deciduous;  vexillum  without  callo- 
sities :  legume  obliquely  ovate  or  oblong  or  falcate*  1-2-seeded  \ 
*eeds  with  a  wart  at  the  hilum. 

(1)  R.  VELUTINA.     (W.  f  A,) 

tdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  238. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining :  branches,  petioles  and  peduncles  softly 
pubescent:  leaves  trifoliolate;  leaflets  roundish,  cuneate  at  the 
base,  mucronate ;  upper  side  slightly  pubescent ;  under  tomentose, 
without  glands  :  peduncles  axillary,  1-2-flowered ;  flowers  on  long- 
ish  pedicels  :  calyx  somewhat  campanulate  ;  middle  segment  of  the 
lower  lip  subulate,  falcate  upwards,  a  little  shorter  than  the  keel ; 
other  segments  lanceolate,  much  shorter  than  the  lowest  one  :  vexil- 
lum very  pubescent  on  the  outside,  without  glands,  marked  on  the 
inside  above  the  claw  with  two  small  gibbous  projections  :  legume 
scimitar-shaped,  attenuated  at  the  base,  pubescent,  2 -seeded  :  flowers 
yellow. 

Negapatam. 

(2)  R.  MEDICAGINEA.       (Dec. ) 

Uent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  238.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  386. 

Syn.  R.  nuda,  Dec.  1.  c. — R.  rhombifolia,  Do. — Dolichos  me- 
dicagineus,  Lam.  Roxb.  fl.  Lid.  III.  p.  315. — D.  scaraboeoides, 
Roxb. — Glycine  rhombifolia,  Willd.—R.  ervoidea,  Dec.  I.  c. 

Engrav.    Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  84.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining :  branches,  petioles  and  racemes  pubes- 
cent or  sometimes  glabrous :  leaves  trifoliolate ;  leaflets  roundish, 
cuneate  at  the  base,  obtuse  or  retuse,  occasionally  rhomboid,  nearly 
glabrous  ;  under  side  slightly  pubescent  or  hairy  on  the  nerves, 
dotted  with  numerous  dark  glands :  racemes  few-flowered  :  flowers 
very  shortly  pedicelled,  deflexed  :  calyx-segments  subulate,  the 
lowest  one  a  little  longer  than  the  others  :  vexillum  glabrous,  dot- 
ted with  glands :  legume  pubescent  sometimes  nearly  glabrous  when 
ripe,  scimitar-shaped,  attenuated  at  the  base,  2-seeded  :  flowers 
yellow. 

Peninsula.  Travancore.  Delhi.  Guzerat.  Flowering  in  the 
cold  season. 

(3)    R.  DENSIFLORA.       (/>£<?.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  239. — Dec.  prod.  II,  p.  386. 
Syn.     Glycine  densiflora,  Roth. — Desmodium  punotatum,  /)/„ 
I,  c.  p.  338, 


318 

CHAR.  Twining,  pubescent  all  over  except  the  corolla  J 
leaves  trifoliolate  ;  leaflets  softly  pubescent  on  both  sides  and  cove** 
<ed  with  coloured  glands,  acute,  lateral  ones  obliquely  broad-ovate^ 
terminal  rhomboid  :  racemes  axillary,  almost  sessile,  short  ana 
dense:  bracts  oblong- lanceolate  and  with  the  caly*  villous  and 
dotted :  calyx-segments  narrow-lanceolate,  longer  than  the  coro)!*: 
legume  obliquely  oblong,  shortly  pointed,  2-seeded,  dotted,  putagr 
•cent  and  villous :  flowers  yellow. 

Cunnawaddy  Hills. 

(4)  R.  RtJFEscEtfs.    (Det.) 

tdtnl.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  239.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  38?. 

Syn.  fledysarum  rufescens,  EottL — Glycine  rufescens,  Willd.~- 
G.  Pondicheriensis,  Spr. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  or  slightly  twining>  densely  pubescent  t 
leaflets  roundish-ovate,  wrinkled,  prominently  reticulated  under- 
neath with  the  nerves  and  veins :  racemes  slender,  u&ually  elongat- 
ed, few-flowered :  flowers  solitary,  distant,  somewhat  secund :  calyx- 
segments  nearly  as  long  as  the  legume,  elliptic- oblong,  obtuse  t 
legume  lens-shaped,  short-pointed,  1 -seeded,  pubescent :  flower* 
yellow. 

Soratoor.     Gingie  and  Cunnawaddy  Mountains. 

(5)  R.  HEYNEI.     (W.  $  A.) 

tdent.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  240. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse,  scarcely  twining,  softly  pubescent  t  leaf* 
lets  ovate :  peduncles  axillary,  with  1-2-fascicles  of  short-pedicel- 
led  flowers  :  fascicles  distant,  subtended  by  a  cordate  bract :  calyx- 
segments  cordate-oblong,  nearly  as  long  as  the  legume,  which  latter 
is  oblong  with  a  short  oblique  point,  2-seeded,  constricted,  and 
with  a  cellular  partition  between  the  seeds,  pubescent ;  flowers 
yellow. 

Peninsula. 

(6)  R.  StAVBOLENS,      (Dec.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  240.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  387. 

Syn,    Glycine  suaveolens,  Linn. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  An  erect  shrub,  covered  with  viscous  pubescence  i 
feaves  trifoliolate ;  leaflets  broadly  ovate,  acute  or  acuminate  :  pe- 
duncles 1-2-flowered,  jointed,  with  a  bract  at  the  separation  of  thd 
pedicels :  calyx  4-cJeft,  deeply  2-lipped ;  upper  segment  2-cleft : 
legume  pubescent,  2-seeded,  contracted  and  with  a  cellular  partition 
between  the  seeds :  flowers  yellow. 

Peninsula. 


319 

(7)  R.  CANA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  40.— Dec,  prod.  II.  p.  386. 
Syn.     Glycine  cana,  Willd. 
Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  213.  f.  6. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect,  pubescent  shrub :  leaves  trifoliolate ; 
leaflets  broadly  ovate,  on  the  young  shoots  oblong-lanceolate,  acu- 
minated, dotted  with  resinous  glands  on  both  sides,  slightly  pubes- 
cent above,  densely  so  beneath,  wrinkled :  peduncles  axillary,  2- 
flowered,  with  a  small  bract  and  joint  at  the  separation  of  the  pedi- 
cels :  calyx  4-cleft  to  the  middle,  scarcely  bilabiate :  segment* 
lanceolate-acuminate,  twice  as  short  as  the  corolla :  legume  clavate- 
oblong,  slightly  inflated,  pubescent,  2-seeded,  without  a  partition : 
flowers  yellow. 

Dindigul  Hills.     Cunnawaddy. 

GENUS  XL.    FLEMINGIA. 
Dladelphla  Decandrla.    Sex  -  Synt  .- 

Iteriv.  In  honor  of  Dr.  John  Fleming,  an  Indian  Botanist,  and 
formerly  Physician  General  in  Bengal. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shrubs  or  undershrubs  :  stipules  lanceolate,  some- 
times very  large,  deciduous :  leaves  digitately  trifoliolate  or  simple, 
•with  prominent  parallel  nerves  :  racemes  solitary  or  aggregate,  axil- 
lary, sometimes  panicled :  legumes  more  or  less  pubescent :  calyx 
acutely  5-cleft,  the  four  upper  segments  equal,  the  lower  one  gene- 
rally much  longer  :  corolla  papilionaceous  :  vexillum  without  callo- 
sities, the  spurs  inflexed  at  the  margin  ;  keel  falcate :  legume  ses- 
sile, oval,  2-seeded,  without  a  partition  :  seeds  nearly  globose. 

(1)  Fc  STRICTA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  241.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  Ill,  p.  342. 
— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  351. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  329.— Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  248. 

SPEC,  CHAR.  An  erect  shrub  :  branches  triangular :  leaves  tri- 
foliolate ;  leaflets  broad-lanceolate,  acuminate,  under  side  covered 
with  black  dots  and  the  nerves  densely  pubescent :  petiole  chan- 
nelled, with  a  short  margin  :  stipules  concave,  sheathing :  racemes 
spike-like,  solitary :  bracts  lanceolate-subulate,  longer  than  the 
flowers,  caducous :  legumes  nearly  glabrous :  flowers  middle-sized, 
streaked  with  yellow,  red  and  violet. 

Peninsula.     Circars.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 
(2)  F.  CONOESTA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  241.— Roxb,  fl,  Ind.  III.  p. 
—Dec.  prod.  11.  p.  351. 


320 

Syn.  Crotalariamacraphylla,  Willd. — Rhynchosia  crotalarioidwi 
Dec. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  326  and  390. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  somewhat  erect  shruh,  young  parts  villous : 
leaves  trifoliolatc ;  leaflets  ovate-lanceolate,  pubescent  beneath  and 
dotted  with  black  glands,  the  nerves  densely  pubescent :  stipules 
much  shorter  than  the  petiole :  racemes  dense,  rather  shorter  than* 
the  petiole,  almost  sessile  :  bracts  ovate-cuspidate,  shorter  than  the 
flowers :  flowers  smallish,  pale  rose,  crimson-veined. 

Peninsula.     Bengal.     Assam.     Flowering  in-  the  rainy  season. 

(3)    F.  SEMIALATJU       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  351. — Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  340: 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  249. — Wight's  Icon.  II.  t.  326. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  branches  silky:  leaves  trifoliolate :  leaf- 
lets elliptic,  3-nerved,  clothed  with  silky  pubescence  beneath :  pe- 
tioles winged  at  the  apex  :  spikes  branched,  panicled,  terminal  and 
axillary :  bracts  ovate,  mucronate,  villous :  flowers  smallish,  rose 
streaked  with  green. 

Peninsula.  Morung  and  Khasia  Mountains.  Assam.  Flower* 
ing  nearly  all  the  year. 

(4)  F.  WALLICHII.     (JT.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  242. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  shrub,  branches  angled,  young  parts  to- 
mentose  ;  leaflets  obovate-lanceolate,  obtuse,  densely  pubescent  and 
glandular  beneath  :  petioles  slightly  winged :  stipules  much  shorter 
than  the  petiole :  racemes  axillary,  short,  capitate :  hairs  on  the 
calyx  springing  from  yellowish  glands :  legume  nearly  glabrous* 

Peninsula. 

(5)  F.  GRAHAMIANA.     ( W.  fy  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  242. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  shrub,  young  shoots  tomentose:  leaflets 
ovate,  mucronate,  densely  pubescent  on  the  nerves,  upper  side  his- 
pid, under  dotted  with  black  glands :  petioles  villous,  winged  :  §ti- 
pules  much  shorter  than  the  petiole:  racemes  sessile,  dense  and 
capitate,  1-3  together :  bracts  about  the  length  of  the  flowers  : 
calyx-segments  villous,  sprinkled  with  bright  red  glands,  longer 
than  the  corolla :  legumes  pubescent  and  covered  with  clammy  red 
glands. 

Peninsula* 

(6)  F.  WIGHTIANA.     (Grali.) 
^   Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p  242. 


621 

SPEC.  CHAR,  An  erect,  branched  shrub  :  young  branches  an« 
led,  pubescent :  leaflets  oblong-lanceolate,  upper  side  slightly 
Wrinkled,  under  densely  tomentose,  with  a  few  black  glands  con- 
'cealed  by  the  tomentum :  petiole  slightly  margined  :  stipules  very 
ca'ducous  ;  racemes  2-3  together,  before  expansion  cylindrical- 
oblong,  densely  imbricated  and  cone-like*  afterwards  lax :  bracts 
bvate,  villous  on  the  outside. 

Peninsula. 

(7)    F.  LINEATA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  242.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  34 1.— ; 
Dec,  prod.  II.  p,  351. 

Syn.  Hedysarum  lineatum,  Linn. — Lespedeza  lineata,  Pers.—* 
Onobrychis  lineata,  Desv. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  327.— Burm.  Ind.  t,  53.  f.  1. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  shrub :  young  branches  angled  and  pu- 
bescent :  leaflets  obovate  or  oblong,  cuneate  at  the  base,  under  side 
dotted  with  minute  yellowish  glands,  the  nerves  densely  pubescent : 
petiole  channelled,  not  margined  :  racemes  arranged  in  a  peduncled 
diffuse  panifcle :  calyx-segments  about  equal,  and  with  the  legume 
pubescent  and  covered  with  whitish  mealy  glands :  flowers  small* 
pale  greenish-purple. 

Coromandel.  Guzerat.  Khasia  mountains.  Assam.  Flower^ 
ing  in  the  rainy  season. 

(8)  F.  STROBILIFERA,     (Brown.) 

tdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  243.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  351. 
Synt     Hedysarum  strobiliferum,  Linn.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  350,' 
— Zornia  strobilifera,  Pers. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  267. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  shrub :  branches  pubescent  towards  the 
extremities :  leaves  simple,  ovate^  sometimes  acuminated,  blunt- 
pointed,  glabrous  above,  slightly  pubescent  and  copiously  dotted 
with  minute  glands  beneath :  bracts  acute  :  legume  pubescent,  con- 
cealed within  the  bracts  :  flowers  small,  greenish-white,  somewhat 
streaked  with  red :  racemes  terminal  or  axillary,  often  1-2- branched. 

Coromandel.  Hilly  parts  of  the  Concan.  Khasia  mountains  and 
Assam.  It  is  generally  found  growing  in  patches,  and  flowering 
nearly  all  the  year. 

(9)  F.  NANA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  HI.  p.  339,— -Dec,  prod.  II.  p.  351, 
Engrav*     Wight's  Icon,  t.  389t 


522 

.  CHAR.     Shrub  much  branched  :  leaflets  obovate  :  petiole! 
Ringed  :   racemes  crowded  :    legumes  covered  with  viscid  glands  : 
'flowers  small,  pale  greenish  rose. 
Banks  of  the  Ganges  near  Kurd  war,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 


(10)  F.  tfui-teKosA.    (Dak.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  in  Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  34.  —  Bomb.  flor.  p.  75. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Root  tuberous,  branched  from  the  base  :  branches 
prostrate,  very  long,  filiform  ;  leaflets  narrow-lanceolate,  acute  ;  la»- 
teral  ones  unequal-sided  :  stipules  linear-  subulate,  <mneate  at  the 
bas'e,  caducous  :  racemes  axillary,  cftchototncrusly  panickd,  few- 
flowered,  longer  than  the  leaf:  flowers  twin  on  the  apex  of  the  pe* 
'ritmcle,  lilac  :  legume  glabrous,  as  long  as  the  calyx,  2-seeded. 

Malwan  district,  flowering  in  September. 

(11)    F.  PROCUMBENS,      (R.   W.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  75, 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  987. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  diffuse,  procumbent,  hairy  :  leaves 
palmately  trifoliolate  ;  middle  leaflet  obovate,  lateral  ones  ovate, 
slightly  unequal  at  the  base,  hairy  above,  nearly  glabrous  beneath  j 
peduncles  longer  than  the  leaves  :  legume  shorter  than  the  calyx, 
usually  1  -seeded  :  flowers  capitate,  of  a  dark  dull  purple  colour. 

Phoonda  Ghaut. 

(12)   F.  BRACTEATA.      (Wtyfc/.) 
Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  I.  No.  14. 

Syn.     Hedys&ram  bracteatum,  Roxb.  fl.  lnd>  III.  p.  351. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  268. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  shrub  :  leaves  narrow-cordate  *  raceme* 
terminal,  compound,  bifariously  imbricated  with  alternate,  kidney* 
shaped,  inflated,  downy  bracts;  legume  oval)  1  -jointed,  2-seeded  $ 
flowers  small,  rose-coloured. 

Dinajepore,  flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GEtftfg  XLI.    PHASEOLUS. 
DiaiK-tplftta  Be^itilHlt.    Sex  .  8y*h 

Dertv.  From  Phaseolus,  a  little  boat,  in  allusion  to  a  fancied 
resemblance  in  the  pods. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  or  suffrutescent  phmts  :  leaves  pinnate-* 
ly  trifoliolate  :  racemes  axillary  :  pedicels  usually  in  pairs,  1  -flower- 
ed ;  calyx  campanulate,  5-toothed  or  2-lipped,  Hie  upper  %  2j 


ttootheJ,  the  lower  3-partite :  corolla  papilionaceous,  the  keel  \vitrt 
the  stamens  and  style  spirally  twisted  or  circinnte  :  legume  com- 
pressed or  cylindrical,  2-valved,  many-seeded,  with  partitions  be- 
tween the  seeds. 

(1)  P.  LUNATUS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  244.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  393.-* 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind  III.  p.  287. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  755. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Biennial,  usually  twining,  glabrous  or  pubescent ; 
leaflets  ovate,  acuminated  :  stipules  reflexed  :  racemes  shorter  than 
the  leaves,  the  flowering  part  elongated  :  pedicels  in  pairs :  bracts 
narrow,  much  shorter  than  the  calyx  :  legumes  pendulous,  scimitar- 
shaped,  long  mucronate,  not  torulose,  2-4-seeded  :  flowers  small, 
greenish. 

Peninsula.  Dapoory*  Bengal.  Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 
The  legumes  are  known  as  the  country  French  beans  or  country 
Haricot.  Six  varieties  are  cultivated  for  the  table.  Natives  rarely 
use  any  part  of  the  plant,  nor  have  they  any  name  for  it. 

(2)  P.  UOSTRATUS*     (Wall.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  244. 

Syn.     P.  alatus,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind,  III.  p.  288. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  34. — Wall.  Pr.  As.  Rar.  I,  t.  63.— «; 
Hheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  42. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Perennial,  twining;  leaflets  ovate,  acute:  stipules 
neflexed-:  racemes  long-peduncled,  few-flowered,  shorter  than  the 
leaves  :  flowers  in  pairs  with  a  gland  between  them  :  wings  various- 
ly twisted :  keel  with  a  long  spirally-twisted  beak  :  legume  pendu- 
lous, flat,  curved,  long-mucronate,  many-seeded  \  flowers  large,  deep, 
rose-purple. 

Coromandel.  Common  throughout  the  Concans.  Circars.  Flower- 
ing in  the  cold  season*  The  tuberous  roots  are  eaten  by  the  natives* 

(3)  P.  GRAHAMIANUS,     (W.  $  A.) 

Idenk    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  244. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets- ovate,  acuminated:  stipules  sessile,  re- 
curved, deciduous:  racemes  long-ped uncled,  longer  than  the  leaves, 
few-flowered,  the  flowering  part  slightly  elongated  in  fruit :  pedicels, 
in  pairs  :  legume  flat,  linear,  narrow  and  long,  many-seeded,  valves. 
at  length  twisting. 

CourtaHum. 

(4)    P.  PSORALEOIDES.       (W.  $  AJ 

UenL     W.  &  A.  prod.  I  p.  244. 
Ettgrav.     Wight's  Iron,  t.  240» 


SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect  shrub  :  young  shoots  and  racemes  pubea* 
cent ;  leaflets  lanceolate,  acute,  silky-pubescent  underneath  :  sti- 
pules sessile,  erect,  striated,  persistent :  racemes  much  longer  than 
the  leaves,  with  flowering  part  elongated  :  peduncle  very  long  and! 
stout :  calyx  5-toothed :  keel  circinate :  legumes  pendulous,  nearly 
straight,  long-linear,  many-seeded,  pubescent ;  seeds  slightly  trun- 
cated at  both  ends. 

Nopalry. 

(5)  P,  TRINERVJUS.     (Heyne.) 
Idertt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p  245. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VI IK  t.  37. 

SPEC*  CHAR.  Twining :  branches  and  petioles  covered  witK 
long  spreading  hairs ;  leaflets  ovate,  acuminated,  deltoid  or  lobed 
at  the  base,  young  ones  very  hairy,  densely  ciliated :  stipules  ob- 
long-lanceolate, attached  below  the  middle  :  peduncles  elongated* 
straight,  hairy,  much  longer  than  the  leaves;  flowers  forming  a 
kind  of  cylindrical  head:  legumes  horizontal,  cylindrical,  hairy. 

Peninsula. 

(C)  P.  MUNOO.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  245.-- -Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  394.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  292. 

Syn.     P.  hirtus,  Retz.— -P.  Max,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p,  295. 
Engrav.     Rheede  Mai,  VIII.  t.  50. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  nearly  erect,  hairy ;  leaflets  broadly-ovate 
or  rhomboid,  entire,  acute  or  acuminated  :  stipules  attached  below 
their  middle  :  peduncles  at  first  shorter,  afterwards  longer  than  the- 
petioles ;  flowers  forming  a  kind  of  cylindrical  head,  grecnish-yeU 
low  :  keel  twisted  to  the  left,  with  a  short  spur  near  the  base  on  the- 
left  side :  legume  horizontal,  cylindrical*  hairy,  6-15-seeded  ;  seeds, 
•with  numerous  close  longitudinal  streaks. 

The  native  place  of  this  species  is  unknowrj.  The  seeds  are 
known  as  the  green  gram  and  are  cultivated  by  th«  natives,  to  whom 
the  gram  is  of  much  importance.  The  variety*  P.  melanosperuws,, 
is  the  black  gram  which  is  also  cultivated*  but  not  in  so  great  a 
degree.  They  both  flower  in  the  cold  season, 

(7)  P.  WWHTH.     (Grah.) 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  245. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Diffuse  hairy  plant?  leaflets  broadly-avate,  aciu 
initiated,  entire  or  3-lobed,  the  terminal  lobe  acuminated  and  much 
longer  than  the  others  :  stipules  attached  below  their  middle :  pe«» 
dunclcs  elongated,  about  the  length  of  the  leaves :  floweus  few,  cuuu 
tate  ;  keel  twisted  to  the  left,  with  a  short  born  near  the  base  ou 


§25 

the  left  side :  legumes  liairy,  cylindrical,  8-10-seeded,  ascending? 
seeds  with  numerous  obliquely -longitudinal  streaks,  somewhat  trun- 
cated at  both  ends. 

Peninsula. 

(8)  P.  RADIATUS.     (Linn.} 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  240.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  395. 

Engrav.     Dill.  Elth.  t.  315.  f.  304. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  diffuse  :  petioles  and  peduncles  very  hairy  > 
the  hairs  long  and  pointing  downwards :  leaflets  hairy,  lateral  ones 
obliquely  ovate,  pointed,  terminal  one  rhomboid-oblong,  the  angle 
on  each  side  rounded :  stipules  pointed,  attached  below  their  mid- 
dle :  peduncles  about  the  length  of  the  petioles :  bracteoles  twice 
as  long  as  the  calyx,  acuminated  :  flowers  somewhat  capitate  :  keel 
twisted  to  the  left:  legumes  very  hairy,  cylindrical,,  6-8-seededt 
spreading. 

Peninsula. 

(9)  P.  FARINOSUS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  245.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  395. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining:  leaflets  ovate-rhomboid,  acute,  some- 
what 3-lobed :  peduncles  slightly  longer  than  the  petiole :  legumes 
tapering,  not  torulose  :  seed  cylindrical,  truncated  at  both  ends,  and 
covered  with  mealy  tomeutum :  flowers  rose-coloured ;  vexillum, 
deep  red. 

Peninsula. 

(10)  P.  ROXBURGHIK     (W.  ty  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  246. 

Syn.     P.  radiatus,  Roxb.  Jl.   Ind.  III.  p.  39*3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  diffuse,  hairy :  leaflets  ovate,  acuminat- 
ed, slightly  repand :  stipules  attached  below  their  middle :  pedun- 
cles erect,  shorter  than  the  petiole  :  keel  twisted  to  the  left,  with  a 
very  long  horn  near  the  base  on  the  left  side :  legumes  very  hairy, 
cylindrical,  4-6-seeded,  nearly  erect :  flowers  middle-sized,  yellow! 

Circara.  Travancore,  Malabar.  Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 
This  is  a  most  esteemed  species,  and  the  seeds  bear  the  highest 
price.  Of  the  meal  the  natives  make  bread  for  many  of  their  reli- 
gious ceremonies.  There  are  varieties  with  green  and  black  seeds. 

(11)  P.  TRILOBUS.     (Ait.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  246.-— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  298. 

Syn.     Glycine  triloba,  Linn.  Mant. — Dolichos  trilobus,  Do. 

Dec.  prod.   II.  p.  399. — D.  stipulaceus,  Lam. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.   94.— Burm.  Ind.  t.  50,  f.  1, — 


CHAR.  Herbaceous,  procumbent,  diffuse :  leaflets  muck 
shorter  than  the  petioles,  roundish  and  entire  or  3-lobed,  middle- 
k>be  obovate,  narrow  towards  the  base:  stipules  attached  below 
their  middle  :  peduncles  elongated,  ascending :  legume  cylindrical, 
glabrous  or  slightly  hairy  :  flowers  few,  small,  yellow. 

Coromandel.  Common  in.  the  Deoean.  Flowering  in  the  cold: 
season. 

(12)  P.  ACONITIFOMUS.     (Jacq.) 

Tdent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  247.— Deo.  prod.  IT.  p.  394.— 
Roxb,  ft.  Ind.  III.  p.  299. 

Engrav.     Jacq,  Obs.  IIL  t.  52. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  diffuse,  procumbent,  slightly  hairy  :  leaf- 
lets deeply  and  palmately  divided  into  linear-lanceolate  lobes:  sti- 
pules attached  below  the  middle  :  peduncles  nearly  as  long  as  the 
petiole :  legumes  horizontal,  cylindrical :  flowers  somewhat  capi- 
tate, small,  yellow. 

Coromandel.  Chide-.  Cultivated  in  the  Deccan,  Cuzerat  andi 
the  Upper  Provinces.  Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(13)  P.  SBPIA*IUS.     (Dalz.) 

Ident.    Date.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  72.-— HooK  Jour*  Bot.  II.  p.  33. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining,  glabrous  :  leaflets  broadly-ovate^  mucro- 
jmte,  3-nerved  at  the  base,  lateral  ones  unequal-sided ;  peduncles 
about  twice  the  length  of  the  loaf:  segments  of  the  calyx  3-nerved* 
upper  lip  deeply  2-toothed :  legumes  straight,  round,  many-needed, 
covered  with  brown  hairs :  root  tuberous :  flowers  between  race* 
mose  and  capitate,  large,  rose-coloured. 

Common  ia  the  North  Concan,.  flowering- in  September. 
(14)  P.  SETULOSUS,     (Dalz.) 

Ident.    Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  72.~Hook.  Jour.  Btot.  TI.  p.  3$. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining,  covered  with  reddish-brown  bristles 
•which  point  backward  :  leaflets  rhomb-ovate,,  ciliated  on  the  mar- 
gin, lateral  ones  unequal:  stipules  ciliated,  many-nerved:  calyx 
campanulate,  upper  lip  truncated^  lower  shortly  3-toothed,  teetta 
obtuse :  legumes  straight,,  round,  slender,  rough  with  minute  brisr- 
tles,  10-12-seeded:  flowers  yellow. 

Malwan,  flowering  in  September. 

(15)  P.  PAUcirtoRua.     (Daks.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  in  Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  111.  p.  209.— Bomb.  flor.  p» 
72. 

SPEC.  CITAH.  Twining:  root  fibrous:  stem  striated,  filiform,, 
hispid  with  white  biiirs  pointing  backwards :  leaves  rhomb-ovate, 


•Acuminated,  as  long  as  the  petiole  :  stipules  lanceolate,  acute,  aA- 
Jnate  below  the  middle  :  peduncles  shorter  than  the  petiole,  2-3* 
^flowered  at  the  apex  :  legumes  quite  smooth,  9-1  0-seeded$  seeds 
'truncate  at  both  ends  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Common  in  the  Sotith  Ooncan. 

(16)  P.  GRANTS.    (Dal*.) 

tderit.    iDalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  72. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Erect,  4-5  feet  in  height  :  stem  herbaceous,  pip* 
'ed,  5  -angled,  clothed  With  brown  reversed  bristly  hairs  :  leaves  pin- 
taately  trifoliolate>  Very  large  :  stipules  Very  large,  leafy,  adnate> 
lower  part  Globed  ;  leaflets  sprinkled  with  small  bristles,  lateral 
ones  2-lobeA,  terminal  one  deeply  3-lobed  ;  lobes  ovate,  shortly 
and  bluntly  acuminated  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  longer  than 
the  leaf,  covered  wfth  reflexed  bristles,  many-flowered  at  the  apex  : 
Bowers  smallish,  pale  yellow,  with  large  oval  bracts  below  the 
calyx  :  legnmes  cylindric,  tonilo^  obtusre  at  the  apex>  thickish, 
covered  with  black  bristles. 

High  Ghauts  East  of  Bombay. 


(1?)  V  .  PuiKifctfsis.    (R. 

Wight's  Icon.  vol.  I.  No.  11. 

Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  202. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Root  tuberous  :  stems  procumbent,  diffuse,  hairy  : 
leaves  trifoliolate,  hairy  ;  leaflets  ovate-lanceolate,  acute  :  stipules 
small,  lanceolate,  attached  by  the  base  :  peduncles  very  long,  as- 
cending, curved,  1  -flowered:  legume  cylindrical,  somewhat  clavate, 
lapenng  towards  the  point)  hairy  i  flowers  large. 

Pulney  Hills,  creeping  among  long  grass,  at  an  elevation  of  about 
fc>000  feet. 

GENUS  LXVII.    DOLICSOS. 
Biadelfiltia 


Deriv.  From  Dotickos,  long,  in  reference  to  the  long  twining 
stems. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbs  or  undershrubs,  usually  twining  :  leaves 
pinnately  trifoliolate:  flowers  axillary:  calyx  campanulate,  more 
or  less  2-lipped,  the  upper  lip  emarginate  or  2-deft,  the  under  3- 
partite,  with  the  middle  segment  longer  than  the  others  :  corolla 
papilionaceous  :  vexillum  furnished  near  the  base  with  about  2-4 
callosities  :  wings  oblong,  obtuse  :  keel  falcate  or  incurved,  neither 
twisted  nor  bent  to  one  side  :  legume  more  or  less  furnished  with 
partitions  between  the  seeds  ;  seeds  oval,  more  or  less  compressed. 


(1)  D.  GLUTINOSUS.     (Roxb.) 

\dent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I,  p.  248.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  lit.  p.  31 1 

Syn.  Hedysarum  glutinosum,  Herb.  Madr. — Glycine  viscosa^ 
footii. — Rhynchosia  viscosa,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  387. — D.  tomento- 
sus,  Rdth.  W.  fy  A.  L  c.—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  401. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  twining,  coveted  with  glutinous  hairs  r 
leaflets  roundish-ovate,  acuminated,  terminal  one  rhomboid  'and 
somewhat  3-lobed :  stipules  sessile,  ovate,  spreading  :  racemes 
longer  than  the  leax'es,  straight,  many-flowered  :  flowers  alternate, 
usually  solitary :  vexillum  yellow,  sprinkled  with  glutinous  pubes*. 
cence  :  legume  hairy,  obtong^lanceolate,  pointed  With  the  long  base 
of  the  style,  2-seeded. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(2)  D,  UNiFtonus.    (Lam.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  248.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  398. 
Syn.     D.  biflorus,  Roxb.  fl,  Ind.  III.  p.  313. 
tingrav.     Pluk.  t.  213.  f.  4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual:  stem  erect:  branches  twining:  young 
shoots  and  leaves  covered  with  soft  silky  hairs :  leaflets  ovate,  pu- 
bescent when  old  :  stipules  oblong  :  calyx  villous  ;  segments  Irtng, 
subulate ;  upper  lip  split  at  the  apex :  vexillum  obovate-oblong : 
keel  straight-falcate  :  legume  compressed,  linear,  falcate,  pointed 
•with  the  long  base  of  the  style,  softly  hairy,  about  6-seeded  :  flowers 
axillary,  1-3- together,  sometimes  on  a  short  common  peduncle, 
sulphur-coloured. 

This  is  the  horse-gram  plant.  Botanists  seem  to  agree  in  its 
being  a  native  of  India,  although  the  exact  habitat  is  not  known. 
Roxburgh  states  that  he  never  saw  it  in  a  wild  state.  It  is  much 
cultivated  all  over  the  Peninsula  as  well  as  in  the  Deccan  and  fietx- 
gal.  The  seeds  are  grey  and  another  variety  has  them  jet  black. 

(3)  D.  CILIATUS.     (tierb.  Madr.) 

Went.     W.  &.  A.  prod*  I.  p.  249.*-Dec.  prod.  II,  p.  398. 
Syn.     D.  prostratus,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  310. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Root  perennial,  tuberous  :  stems  twining  and  with 
the  petioles  and  racemes  pubescent  or  hairy  :  leaflets  from  oval  to 
ovate,  obtuse  or  acute,  mucronate,  margin  densely  ciliated  with 
silvery  hairs :  stipules  oblong  t  bracts  sessile,  oblong-lanceolate, 
striped  lengthwise  with  white  and  purplish  streaks  :  racemes  axilla- 
ry, shorter  than  the  petiole,  about  4-flowered  :  calyx-segments  long, 
keeled,  stiffish  towards  the  apex  ;  upper  lip  split;  vexillum  obovate; 
keel  much  falcate  :  legume  compressed,  scimitar-shaped,  pointed| 
glabrous,  2-4 -seeded. 

Circars,     Courtallum, 


329 

(4)  D.  FAT.CATUS.     (7/t/fc. 

Llent.  W.  &A.  prod.  1.  p.  249.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  398.— 
Roxh.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  311. 

Spec.  CHAR.  Root  perennial,  tuberous:  stems  (wining:  leaf- 
lets somewhat  roundish-ovate,  acuminated,  terminal  one  more  or 
less  3-lohed  :  stipules  sessile,  reflexed  :  peduncles  slender,  2-8- 
flowered  at  the  ape\  :  vexillum  broadly-ovate,  shortly  *2  -spurred  at 
the  base,  with  2  long  callosities  extending  halt'  way  up  the  limb 
and  projecting  inwards  at  the  apex  :  keel  much  falcate  ;  stigma 
capitate,  woollv  :  legume  linear,  falcate,  glabrous,  4  -8-seeded  ; 
valves  flat  :  flov\eis  large,  bluish-purple. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(5)    D,  SUIKARNOSl'S.        (  W.  $'  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  2-19. 

Si'iic.  CHAR.  Twining  :  leaflets  broadly-ovate,  mucromilate, 
somewhat  fleshy,  terminal  one  deltoid:  stipules  sessile,  ovate,  stii- 
atcd  :  racemes  few-flowered,  much  longer  than  the  leaves:  legumes 
long-linear,  stiaight,  pointed  with  the  slightly  rccmu'd  base  of  the 
st}le,  glabrous,  man}  -seeded  :  valves  a  little  convex. 

Peninsula. 

(G)  D,  PiLosrs.     (Rovb  ) 

Ident.  W.  £  A.  prod.  1.  p.  219.—  Roxb.  fl.  Tnd.  III.  p.  312. 
—Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  397. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perenni.il,  twining,  pubescent:  leaflets  ovate- 
lanceolate:  stipules  sessile,  lanceolate:  racemes  short,  axill.irv  : 
\\ings  about  half  the  length  of  the  other  petals,  angkd,  with  a  spur 
at  the  base  on  the  one  side  and  another  on  the  othei  side  near  tho 
ape\  :  vexillum  broadly-ovate:  stigma  bearded:  legume  long, 
straight,  eylindric,  pointed,  very  hairy,  8-12-seedcd,  much  intei- 
cepted  between  the  seeds  :  flowers  large,  blue. 

Circars.     Travancorc.     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  XLTIT.     LABLAB. 

lleeniulria.    Sev    $</>( 


Dcriv.  Said  to  be  the  Arabic  name  of  the  Ci)inolculust  perhaps 
on  account  of  its  twining  habits. 

OEN.  CIMR.  Herbaceous  or  perennial  plants  :  leaves  pinnately 
trifoliol.ite  :  caljx  with  2  bracts,  4-clcft  ;  3  lower  segments  acute, 
the  upper  broad:  coiolla  paj)ilionactous  :  vexillum  chauuclUd  at 
the  base  :  upper  pait  of  the  style  beaidrd  on  the  uhdei  side  le- 
gumes tubeicled  oi  muiiealcd  .ilong  the  sutuus. 


330 

(1)  L.  VULCARIS,     (Savi.) 

Uent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  F.  p.  WO.—  Dec.  prod.  TI.  p.  410. 

Syn.  L.  Nankinicus,  Sael.  Dec.  L  c.  p.  402.  —  L.  U'ucocnrpu^ 
Suvi.  —  L.  miciocarpus,  Dec.  /.  c.  —  L.  pcicnnans,  Dec.  L  c.  —  l)oh- 
chos  Lahlab,  Linn.  Kojcb.  ft.  Ind.  III.  /;.  #or>.  —  I),  spicatus,  Koen* 
—  D.  albus,  Lour.  —  1).  Beng.ik-nsis,  Jacq.  —  D.  pnrpuictis,  Jacq* 
fray.  —  D.  tctiaspermus,  Wdld.  Dec.  prod.  I  \.p.  397. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  57  and  20*5.  —  Rumph.  Amb.  V.  t. 
111.  f.  1,  t.  iJ7,  t.  13C,—Bot.  Reg.  X.  t.  830.—  Hot.  Mag.  XXIII. 
t.  890. 

Si'tc.  CHAR.  Annual  or  perennial,  twining:  stipules  spreading: 
leaflets  cntnc  :  vexilliini  patent  uitb  1  callosities,  the  upper  pair 
prominent:  keel  falcate,  bent  in  at  a  rigjbt  angle  :  racemes  axillary,. 
elongated:  pedicels  short  and  aggiegated  on  alternate  glandular 
knobs  :  bracteolcs  biondly-oval,  about  as  long  as  the  calyx  :  legumes 
broadly  scimitar-shaped,  gibbous  below  the  apex  and  ending  ab- 
ruptly in  a,  stiaight  or  recurved  cuspidate  point:  seeds  longitudi- 
nally o\al  :  flowers  white  or  purple  or  red. 

There  aie  about  six  or  seven  varieties  of  this  species,  which  are 
much  cultivated  for  their  seech  which  are  much  eaten  by  the  names* 
The  plant  is  common  about  Seiampoie,  near  Samulcottah  and  the 
Coroinandcl  coast,  and  floweis  m  the  cold  season.  The  L.  cultra- 
tns,  (Dec.)  which  is  also  culti\,ited  and  of  which  there  arc  five  OK 
wx  vaiieties  is  a  nati\e  of  Japan* 

GENUS  XLIY.     PAROCHETUS. 

lleeainlria.    Sex    Systt 


Da  n>.  From  Para,  near,  and  Ochetus,  a  brook,  alluding  to  the 
habitat  of  the  species. 

C»LN.  CHAR.  Calyx  campanulare,  4-cleft  :  segments  equally 
I)  road,  lo\\»r  one  longest,  coiolla  papilionaceous,  vexillnm  broadly 
obovate,  longev  than  the  other  petals  :  keel  obtuse,  covered  by  the- 
wings. 

(1)  I\  MAJOR.     (Don.) 

Idcnt.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  152.  —  Don.  prod.  fl.  Nep.  p.  241* 
^-l)ec.  prod.  II.  p.  403. 

SIM-C.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  perennial,  creeping  plant  :  petioles. 
erect,  long  :  lea\es  palmately  tnfoholatc  :  leaflets  obovate,  retuse, 
crcnulatcd  :  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  about  ns  long  as  the  peti- 
oles, with  2  bracts  about  the  middle,  1-flowmxl  :  flowers  purplish: 
K'giime  gibbous,  man)  -.seeded  :  bCcds 


331 

GENUS  XLV.     CANAVALIA. 
Moiiaflelpliia  Decamlria.    Se*  •  St/nt  • 

From  Canavali,  the  Malabar  name  of  one  of  the  species, 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  or  sufFrutescent  plants:  leaves  pin* 
lately  trilbliolate  :  stipules  small,  wart-like :  racemes  axillary, 
elongated,  many-flowered;  flowers  in  twos  or  threes  in  glandular 
knobs ;  calyx  tubular,  with  two  roundish  caducous  bracteoles  at  its 
base,  unequally  2-lipped,  upper  lip  the  largest  and  consisting  of  two 
large  round  lobes,  lower  much  smaller,  acutely  3-toothed :  corolla 
papilionaceous :  vexillum  with  2  large  callosities  near  the  base  of 
the  limb  :  wings  linear-oblong,  auricled  and  rcpand  on  the  upper 
margin ;  keel  falcate  at  a  right  angle  with  its  petals  distinct  from 
the  base  to  the  angle  :  stigma  large,  oblique  ;  legumes  3-keeled  on 
the  upper  suture,  mucronate,  with  cellular  membranes  surrounding 
and  separating  the  seeds  :  seeds  oval-oblong. 

(1)    C.   GLADIATA.        (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  253.— Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  404. 
Syn.     Dolichos  gladiatus,    Willd.  Roxb.  /.  Ind.  III.  p.  300.— 
D.  ensiformis,  Lour. 

Engtav.  Rheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  41»— Humph.  Amb.  V.  t.  135, 
f.  1.—  Jacq.  Icon.  Rar.  III.  t.  560. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial,  twining,  glabrous  :  leaflets  cordate- 
ovate,  rather  acute  :  legumes  5-10  times  longer  than  broad  :  flowers 
large. 

Commonly  cultivated.  There  are  varieties  with  red  and  whito 
flowers,  one  of  which  is  indigenous  to  Silhet.  The  hall-grown  pods 
are  eaten  like  French-beans.  It  flowers  in  the  rainy  season. 

(2)  C.  VIROSA.     (W.  $  A.) 
fdcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  253, 
Syn.     Dolichos  virosus,  Ro.icb.  Jl.  Ind.  III.  p.  301. 
Enqrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  45. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Biennial,  twining,  glabrous  or  with  the  racemes 
pubescent :  leaflets  oval ;  legumes  linear,  scimitar-shaped,  4-8« 
seeded  :  flowers  large,  rose-purplish. 

Peninsula,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season.  The  natives  consider 
this  a  poisonous  plant. 

(3)  C.  MOLLIS.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  253. 

SPLC.  CHAR.  Twining;  branches  densely  pubescent:  leaflets 
ovate,  young  ones  tomentose,  older  ones  villous  ;  legumes  oblong-* 
linear,  few-seeded. 

Neilgherries  and  Dindigul  Hills, 


332 

(I)  C.  OBiUbiroLi  \.     (Dec.) 
Idcnt.     W   &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  253.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  404. 

Syn.  Dohchos  obtusifolius,  Lam. — D.  rotundifolius,  VdhL  Roxb. 
ft.  Lid.  III.  p.  302. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  43.— Pluk.  t.  51.  f.  2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Biennial,  twining,  glabrous:  leaflets  roundish- 
obovate  :  legumes  semi-oval,  straight,  about  twice  as  long  as  broad, 
3-G-seeded  :  flowers  large,  bluibh-rose. 

Sands  along  tbe  coast  of  Coromamlcl  and  Malabar.  At  the  mouth 
of  the  Godavery  and  between  Quilon  and  Anjengo  in  Travancore. 

(5)  C.  STOCKSII.     (Dalz.) 
Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  69. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Scandent:  petioles  very  long,  channelled  on  the 
upper  surface,  swollen  at  the  base :  stipules  linear,  obtuse,  from  a 
broad  base  nearly  half  an  inch  in  length  :  lateral  leaflets  broad-oval, 
3-nerved,  with  a  shoit  sudden  acumination,  rather  unequal-sided, 
5  inches  in  length  and  4  broad,  terminal  leaflet  cuneate  towards  the 
base:  upper  lip  of  the  cnlyx  minutely  2-toothed,  lower  lip  3-cleft : 
segments  triangular,  middle  one  the  longest :  flowers  several  together 
on  the  apex  of  a  very  long  sharply-angled  peduncle,  bluish-purple. 

Budgec  Hill,  in  the  Brahminwara  range.     Deccan.     Very  rare, 

GWNUS  XLVL     MUCUNA. 
JDiiulelpltla  Deeniitlria.    Sex:  Sytt: 

Deriv.     The  Brazil  name  of  one  of  the  species. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Twining  plants:  leaves  pinnately  trifoliolate ;  ra- 
cemes elongated  or  short  and  umbel- like,  often  pendulous  when  in 
fruit :  legumes  usually  densely  clothed  with  sharp  hairs :  calyx 
campanulate,  2-lipped,  with  two  caducous  bracteoles  as  long  as  the 
tube:  upper  lip  broad,  lower  3-cleft,  with  the  middle  segment  the 
longest :  corolla  papilionaceous :  vexillum  cordate,  incumbent  on 
the  wings  and  much  shorter  than  them  and  the  keel :  wings  oblong- 
linear,  connivent,  sometimes  slightly  cohering  together  by  their 
spurs  :  keel  straight  below,  slightly  falcate  above  and  terminated 
by  a  smooth,  sharp  beak :  stamens  alternately  longer :  anthers 
alternately  oblong  and  ovate:  style  long  and  slender,  hairy  below: 
Jegume  linear,  oblong  or  roundish,  1-8-seeded,  with  partitions  be- 
tween the  seeds,  polished  within :  seeds  oval  or  kidney- shaped. 

(1)    M.  MONOSPERMA.      (Dec.) 

Mcnt.     W.  &,  A.  prod.  I.  p.  254. — Dec.  prod,  IT.  p.  406. 
Syn.     Carpopogon  monospcnnum,  Roxb.  fi*  Ind.  III.  p,  283» 
JRngiav,     Wight's  Icon,  t,  35r 


333 

STEC.  CH\R,  Perennial  :  leaflets  ovate,  pubescent  when  young: 
racemes  short,  somewhat  corymbiform,  short-peduncled,  drooping  t 
pedicels  long :  lowest  calyx-segments  long-pointed,  the  others  very 
short :  legumes  semi«-oval,  deeply  furrowed  along  the  sutures,  ob* 
liquely  plaited,  1 -seeded,  covered  with  stiff  stinging  hairs  :  seed 
kidney-shaped  :  flowers  large,  dark-purple. 

Coromandel.  Bombay.  Silhet  and  Assam.  Flowering  in  the 
cold  season.  This  species  produces  the  Brahminee  vegetable  called 
the  Negro  bean. 

(2)  M.  ATROPURPUREA.  (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  254.— -Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  406. 
Syn.     Carpopogon  atropurpureum,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind<  III.  p.  287. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial :  leaflets  ovate,  acuminated :  racemes 
drooping,  long*peduncled,  sometimes  compound :  pedicels  long, 
slender,  compressed  :  calyx-segments  broadly-ovate,  obtuse :  legume 
oblong-oval,  deeply  furrowed  along  the  sutures,  obliquely  plaited,  2 
or  sometimes  1 -seeded,  copiously  covered  with  brown  stinging  hairs  : 
seed  oval,  more  convex  on  the  one  side,  and  there  furnished  its 
whole  length  with  the  linear  hilum:  flowers  large,  dark -purple. 

Courtallum.  Travancore  and  South  Concans.  Flowering  in 
February  and  March. 

(3)    M.  GIGANTEA.       (Dec.) 

Ident.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  254.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  405. 

Syn.    Dolichos  giganteus,  Willd. — Carpopogon  giganteum,  Roxb» 
fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  286. — Stizolobium  giganteum,  Spreny. 
Engrav.     Ilheede  Mai,  VIII.  t.  3(5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Perennial :  leaflets  ovate,  acute :  flowers  almost 
umbellate,  at  the  apex  of  long  pendulous  peduncles  :  pedicels  long, 
slender :  three  lower  calyx-segments  short,  tooth-like,  the  others 
very  short  and  inconspicuous :  legume  linear-oblong,  deeply  fur- 
rowed along  the  sutures,  not  plaited,  covered  with  stiff  brown  sting- 
ing hairs,  3-6-seeded  :  seeds  oval :  flowers  large,  sulphur-coloured. 

Ncgapatftm.  Malabar.  Concans.  Soonderbunds.  Flowering 
nearly  all  the  year. 

(4)  M.  IIIRSUTA.     (W.  $•  A.) 
Ident.     W.  £  A.  prod.  I.  p.  254. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  ovate,  upper  sides  hirsutely-pubescent : 
branches,  petioles  and  under  sides  of  the  leaflets  hirsutely-tomen- 
tose :  racemes  drooping,  long-peduncled  :  pedicels  as  short  as  the 
calyx  :  calyx-segments  broad-lanceolate,  acuminated,  the  length  of 
the  tube:  legumes  linear,  not  furrowed  on  the  sutures  nor  plaited, 
curved,  densely  coKred  with  iigid  stinging  hairs ;  hilum  linear. 


334 

(5)    M,   PRUIUTA.       (Hook.) 

fdtnt,     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  255.— Hook.  Bot.  MUc.  II.  p.  3i£i 

Syn.  Carpopogon  pruriens,  Roxb.  fi.  Ihd.  III.  p.  283. — Stizo* 
lobium  pruiiens,  Spreng. 

Enyrav.  Rhecde  Mai.  VIII.  t.  35. — Rumph.  Amb.  V.  t.  H2» 
SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual  :  branches  pubescent  or  slightly  hairy  t 
leaflets  ovate,  upper  side  glabrous,  under  sprinkled  with  silvery 
hairs :  racemes  shorter  than  the  leaves,  drooping :  pedicels  shorter 
than  the  caljx:  calyx  cleft  to  the  middle,  covered  with  whitish 
hairs ;  segments  broad-lanceolate  :  legumes  slightly  curved  like  an 
S,  linear,  not  furrowed  on  the  sutures  nor  plaited,  densely  clothed 
wirh  stiff  stinging  haiis,  about  6-seeded  :  valves  not  keeled*  hilum 
linear  :  flowers  large,  dark-purple. 

Peninsula.  Bengal.  Assam.  Flowering  in  the  cold  season. 
There  are  two  or  three  other  species  indicated  in  Roxburgh's  Hortus 
Bengalensis,  but  not  described.  The  M.  nivea,  with  white  flowers, 
a  native  of  Bengal.  The  M.  imbricata  from  Silhet,  and  the  M, 
bracteata  from  Chittagong. 

GENUS  XLVII.    CANTHAROSPERMUM. 
Diadelphia  Deeandrla.    Sex    Syst  • 

l)criv.  From  Cantharos,  a  beetle,  and  Sperma,  seed.  Linnaeus 
appears  to  have  taken  his  description  of  the  seed  from  the  figure  of 
a  -small  beetle,  which  Plukenet  placed  alongside  of  the  seed  as  a 
contrast.  (W.  &  A.) 

GEN.  CHAR.  Twining  plants:  leaves  pinnately  trifoliolate  * 
leaflets  more  or  less  velvety  on  both  sides  :  peduncles  axillary, 
several-flowered  :  calyx  4- cleft  :  segments  nearly  equal,  upper 
broader  than  the  others  and  split  at  the  apex  :  corolla  papilionace- 
ous, deciduous  :  petals  all  about  the  same  length  :  vexillum  recurv- 
ed or  reflexed,  oblong-obovate  :  keel  falcate  :  legume  oblong-linear, 
compressed,  3-8-seeded,  transversely  constricted  between  the  seeds 
externally  and  with  slight  coriaceous  dissepiments  between  them 
internally :  seeds  oblong,  transverse,  with  a  large  fle&hy  2-cleft  wart 
at  the  hilum. 

(1)  C.  P\UCIFLORUM.     (W.  fy  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  255. 

Syn.  Cajanus  scarabscoides,  Pet.  Th. — Dolichos  scarabacoides, 
Jjnn. — D.  medicagineus,  Roxb.  fl*  hid.  III.  p.  315. — Rhynchosiu 
scarabaeoides,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  387. — Stizolobium  scaiabocoidcs, 
Spreng. 

Evgrav.     Pluk.  t,  52,  f.  3. 


335 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Biennial :  leaflets  obovate,  slightly  \viinkled  and 
p:iler  on  the  under  bidi-  :  peduncles  shorter  than  (he  petiole,  about 
2-flowered  :  calyx  about  half  the  length  oi'  the  corolla,  cleft  to  the 
middle :  segments  lanceolate-acuminate,  slightly  curved  upwards : 
vexillum  recurved  :  legume  linear,  velvety  or  hairy  :  flowers  small, 
yellow. 

Peninsula.  Khasia  and  Monghyr  Hills.  Assam.  Very  common 
in  the  Concun.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)  C.  ALBICANS.     (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  25C. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  roundish,  ovate  or  ohovate,  mncronate, 
whiti&h  on  the  underside:  racemes  few- flowered,  lax,  as  long  as  or 
longer  than  the  leaves  :  calyx  much  shorter  than  the  corolla  :  seg^ 
ments  ovate,  straightish  ;  vexillum  refiexed  :  legume  oblong-linear, 
velvety. 

Dindigul  Hills,  at  an  elevation  of  2,500  feet. 

GENUS  XLVIII.     CAJANUS. 
Dlailelplila  Deeamlrla.    Sex.  Syst  - 

Drriv.     From  Cat/any,  the  native  name  in  Amboyna. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Erect  or  twining  shuibs  :  leaves  pinnately  tiifolio- 
late  :  racemes  axillan *  peduncled,  corymbiform  :  pedicels  in  pairs: 
calyx  campanulate,  somewhat  2-lipped  ;  upper  lip  shortly  2-clcfr, 
lower  3-partite  ;  the  segments  lanceolate,  slightly  curved  upuauls, 
middle  one  a  little  longer  than  the  others,  all  recurved  at  the  apex  : 
corolla  papilionaceous,  deciduous  :  petals  equal  in  length  :  vexillum 
broad,  with  two  large  callosities  at  the  base  of  the  limb  ;  the  mar- 
gins of  the  spurs  and  claw  inflexed  :  keel  falcate:  stamens  alter- 
nately shoiter ;  tube  deciduous  :  style  hairy  below  :  legume  linear- 
lanceolate,  tapering  at  both  ends,  compressed,  torulose,  dec-ply  con- 
stricted between  the  seeds,  3-5-seeded,  with  membianous  partitions  : 
seeds  roundish. 

(1)  C.  KULNENSIS.     (Dah.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  in  Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  264.— Bomb.  flor.  p.  72. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  twining,  filiform,  pubescent  with  fulvous 
hairs :  leaflets  rhomboid-ovate,  shortly  acuminated,  roughish  above, 
pubescent  and  covered  with  wax-coloured  glands  beneath  .  stipules 
ciliated:  racemes  about  (i-floweied,  as  long  as  the  Inf:  legumes 
linear-oblong,  clothed  with  long  soft  viscid  hairs,  fi-secdcd,  oblique- 
ly  constricted  between  the  seeds :  floweis  yellow. 

Near  Kulna,  in  the  Waree  country. 


31G 

(2)   C.  COT  VMS.      (fiak ) 

Ident.  Dulz.  in  Hook.  Jour.  Hot.  III.  p.  265. — Bomb,  fior.  pr 
73. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stem  twining,  whole  plant  villous  with  soft  yellow 
hairs:  leaflets  ovate,  rounded,  shortly  acuminate,  with  waxy-look- 
ing glands  beneath  :  stipules  triangular:  racemes  axillary  and  ter- 
minal, peduncled,  many  ioweied,  2-3  times  longer  than  the  leaf: 
flowers  bright-yellow. 

At  the  base  of  Chorla  Ghaut  in  the  district  of  Goa, 
(3)  C.  GL \NDULOSUS.     (Dalz.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb,  flor,  p.  7'i. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Stems  twining,  the  whole  plant  covered  with  short 
yellow  or  white  to  men  turn  :  leaflets  rhomboid-ovate,  the  lutei.il 
ones  acute,  coveied  on  the  under  side  with  brown  lesinoiis  glands  : 
racemes  axillary  and  terminal,  solitary,  longer  than  the  leaf:  pedi- 
cels bent  back  in  fruit:  legume  linear,  nearly  straight,  hispid  with 
yellow  bristly  hairs,  pointed,  7  -8-seedcd,  obliquely  constncted  be- 
tween the  seeds:  calyx  with  the  upper  lip  entire,  flowers  in  pairs* 
large,  yellow. 

At  Mai  wan  and  Wagotun,  in  the  South  Concnn. 

GKNUS  XLTX.     LEUCODYCTION*. 
l)iaflel|»1iia  Bfecatulria.    Sea-  Syst  • 

Derii\  From  Leukos,  \\hitc,  and  Diktyon,  a  net,  in  allusion  to 
tlie  seeds  which  are  clothed  with  a  thin  shining  membrane. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  bibractcolate,  campanulate,  2-lipped,  4- 
cleft  to  the  middle ;  upper  hp  entire,  mucronate,  lower  3-partite> 
with  lanceolate  segments,  middle  one  a  little  longer  than  the  rest  : 
petals  equal  in  length,  twice  as  long  as  the  calyx  :  vexillum  obovate, 
shortly  unguiculute :  wings  straight,  obtuse:  keel  falcate:  ovary 
silky-tomentose,  1-celled,  4-5-ovuled  :  style  glabrous,  filifoim, 
longer  than  the  petals :  stigma  somewhat  acute,  not  thicker  than 
the  style :  legume  linear,  mucronate,  compressed,  4-5-<*ei>ded,  con- 
stricted with  oblique  transverse  dissepiments  between  the  seeds  : 
seeds  oval,  somewhat  compressed,  each  seed  clothed  with  u  thin 
silvery  membrane. 

(1)  L.  MALVENSIS.     (Walp.*) 

Ident.  Dalz.  in  Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  264. — Bomb.  flor.  p. 
73. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Herbaceous,  twining:  stems  several,  filiform,  from 
a  woody  root:  leaves  pinnatcly  trifoliolate ;  leaflets  linear-oblong, 
obtuse,  mucronulate,  reticulated  with  white  \eins:  flowers  axillary, 
short-peduncled,  solitaiy  or  twin,  purple. 

Climbing  c-n  the  stems  of  grasses  m  rocky   ground  in  the  Mai  wan 


3*7 

GENUS  L.    ATYW>SIA. 
Deeandria.     Se#: 


Deriv.  From  A,  not,  and  Tulos,  a  knot  or  callus,  in  Allusion  to 
the  absence  of  callosities  on  the  vexillum, 

GEN.  CHAR.  Erect  or  diffuse  shrubs:  branches  villops  or  to*. 
mentose  :  leaves  palmately  tritbliolute  ;  leaflets  3-netVed  at  the 
base  :  peduncles  axillary  or  forming  a  kind  of  raceme  along  the 
young  terminal  shoots*  generally  2-flowered  :  legume  villous  or  to- 
mentose  :  calyx  campanulate,  deeply  2-hpped,  upper  lip  shortly 
split  at  the  apex,  lower  3-partite  :  middle  segmentf  longest:  cocolla 
papilionaceous,  at  length  scariose,  persistent  :  vexillum  broad,  re- 
curved*  a  little  longer  than  the  other  petals,  without  callosities  :  keel 
sMghtly  falcate,  obtuse  :  statnens  alternately  a  little  shorter;  lower 
part  of  the  style  hairy  :  stigma  slightly  capitate  :  legume  obfong- 
fkiear,.  compressed^  about  4-seeded,  slightly  constricted  externally, 
and  with  partitions  internally  between  the  seeds  :  seeds  roundish-; 
hilum  oval,,  with  a  large  fleshy  wart. 

(1)  A.  CANDOLLH.     (W,  $  A.) 
Ident.      W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  257. 

Syn.  Collt»ii  trinervia,  Dec.  prod.  II.  /?^240.  —  Odonia  triner** 
via,  Spr.  —  A.  major,  W  .  fy  A*  L  c. 

ffngrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  754. 

SFEC.  CHAR.  Erect  ;  branches  straight  ;  young  parts  villous 
with  fuhrous  hairs  :  leaflets  oval,  upper  side  even,  pubescent,  under 
reticulated,  shortly  tomentose,  villous  ou  the  nerves  and  margin  : 
stipules  lanceolate-acuminate,  spreading  :  peduncles  2-flowered  : 
calyx  villous  :  segments  curved  upwards  :  spurs  of  the  vexillum 
bent  inwards,  slightly  callous  :  legumes  villous, 

Neilgherries. 

(2)  A.  R«aosA.     (\r.  ij-  A.)< 

Ident.    W.  &  A,  prod.  L  p.  257. 

SPEC.  CH-AR.  Branches  slender,  elongated,  diffuse,  tomentose; 
leaflets  obovate,  velvety  on  both  sides,  upper  wrinkled,  under 
strongly  reticulated,  whitish  :  stipules  oval,  adpressed  :  peduncles 
2-flowered  :  calyx  shortly-  tomentose  ;  segmetits  lanceolate-acumi- 
nate, slightly  curved  upwards  :  vexillum  slightly  thickened  along 
the  claw  and  base  of  the  limb  :  legume  velvety. 

Neilgherries. 

(3-)  A.  LINBATA.     (W.  $  A.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  f.  p.  258. 
Syn,     Glydne  liueatu,  Heync, 


ass 

SPF.O.  CHAR.  lynches  elongated  :  young  parts  covered  with 
short  white  hairs  :  leaflets  nan  ow,  euneate-lanceolate,  acuminated, 
Vipper  side  even,  slightly  pubescent,  uwler  white,  marked  with  the 
prominent  nerves  :  stipules  narrou%subulale,  caducous  :  pedicela 
Axillary,  in  pairs  :  calyx  villons  :  segments  triangular-acuminated, 
lowest  one  subulate  and  2-3  times*  shorter-  than  the  corolla  :  legume 
villous. 

Peninsula* 

(4)  A,  LAWIK    (R.  JT.) 

Ident.     Dala.  Bomb,  ftor.  p.  74. 

Enyrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  93. 

St»Ec.  CHAR.  Erect,  tomentose  :  leaflets  obovate,  as  long  as  Ihe 
petiole:  peduncles  shorter  than  the  petiole:  legumes  short,  2* 
seeded^  enclosed  in  the  persistent  corolla,  pubescent  ;  flowers  a^U* 
lary*  solitary,  yellow, 

Common  on  the  Western  Ghauts* 

GKNUS  LI.    DUNBARU. 

Uecandria.    Star.-  Sy»t: 


Deriv.  In  honor  of  Professo?  George  Dunbar  of  Edinburgh* 
GFN.  CHAR,  T\\ining,  suifrutescent  plants:  leaves  pinnatcly 
trifoUolate  ;  lateral  leaflets  broadly  ami  obJiipely  ovate^  a(H»niinat-» 
ed  :  stipules  caducous  :  racemes  axillary*  with  large  broad-ovate 
caducous  bracts  :  pedicels  in  pans*  slender  :  calyx  campanulate* 
4-cleft  to  the  middle;  upper  segment  slightly  split  at  the  apex* 
yathcr  lowger  than  the  lateral  oncs>  all  laliceoJate  :  corolla  much 
longer  than  the  calyx,  persistent,  scariose^  papilionaceous  :  vexiU 
lum  embracing  the  other  petals^  with  2  large  callosities  at  the  base 
of  its  limb  :  wings  oblong-linear*  Avith  a  spur  on  each  side  near  the 
base  :  keel  falcate,  rather  shorter  than  the  wings  :  lower  part  of  the 
style  hairy  :  stigma  slightly  capitate  :  legume  logger  than  tfce  ealyx^ 
compressed,,  oblon^-lincarx  1-5-seeded,  with  partitions,  betweeo  th^ 
seeds  :  seeds  roundish. 

(1)  D.  HKYNEI.    (W<  $  4) 

Ident.     W.  &  A,  prod.  I.  p.  258. 

SPIT.  CHAR.  Leaflets  nearly  glabrous,  terminal  one  cuneatc* 
obovate,  acuminated  ;  petioles  and  nerves  of  the  leaflets  underneath 
slightly  buiry  ;  culyx  herbaceous,  upper  segment  equal  to,  and  a& 
broad  as  the  lateral  ones  :  legume  about  5-seeded,  softly  hairy,, 


33ft 

(*2)    D.  TERUUGINKA.       (W.  $  A.) 

ttitnl.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  258* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  pubescent  above,  when  young  villous  ta* 
heath>  terminal  one  cordate- ovate*  acuminated :  petioles  and  nerve* 
of  the  leaflets  beneath  covered  with  rttsty  tomentum  :  calyx  herba- 
ceous :  spur  on  the  lower  margin  of  the  wings  very  small>  obtuse : 
legume  4-5*seeded,  softly  velvety. 

Neilgherries.    Mysore. 

(3)   D.   LATIFOLIAi      (W.   %  A.) 

tdent.     W.  &  A.  prod*  t.  p.  258. 

SPEC*  CHAR.  Leaflets  slightly  pubescent,  above  tomentosej  and 
at  length  densely  pubescent  beneath)  terminal  one  broader  than 
longj  acuminate  t  bracts  3-toothed  at  the  apex  i  calyx  somewhat 
thin  and  membranatieous  ;  Upper  segment  narrows-lanceolate,  lortgetf 
and  narrower  than  the  lateral  ones ;  both  spurs  on  the  wings  linear* 
subulate :  legume  1-2-seeded. 

Dindigul  Hills. 

GENUS  L1I.    CYLISTA. 
Dlttdelpliia  tlecaiiilria.    Sex:  Syst: 

totrti.  From  Kulix,  a  calyx,  in  allusion  to  the  largo  scaribu* 
Calyx. 

GKN*  CHAR,  Perennial  twining  shrubs,  pubescent  of  villous : 
leaves  pinnately  trifoliolate  ;  leaflets  oblong  or  ovate,  acuminated: 
racemes  axillary  :  bracts  very  cadudous :  calyx  deeply  4 -cleft,  sea- 
nose,  upper  segment  2-lobed  or  cleftj  lateral  ones  much  smaller* 
lowest  very  large  :  corolla  papilionaceous,  persistent,  much  smaller 
than  the  calyx  t  vexillum  with  two  callosities  at  its  base :  keel 
slightly  falcate,  its  petals  distinct  from  the  base  to  the  curve  :  wings 
linear-oblong)  spurred  at  the  base  on  the  upper  margin,  slightly 
gibbous  on  the  lower :  style  hairy  below,  recurved  along  the  lower" 
suture  of  the  ovary,  Upper  part  tumid,  ascending  and  parallel  with 
the  lower  patt  i  legume  obliquely  oval,  enclosed  within  the  calyx/ 
I  of  2*seedod  j  seed  kidney -shaped,  compressed* 

(1)    C.  SCARIOSA.       (AH.) 

fywl.    Aifc*  He-rt,  Kew.  III.  p.  512.— W,  &  A.  prod.  L  p.  259* 
-•Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  410.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  JJI.  p.  #20. 
Jtoprttfl-    Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t*  92. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  :  calyx  twice  as  long  as  the  corolla^  tubtf 
campanulate ;  segments  very  large,  thin  and  scariose,  reticU* 
with  colomed  veins,  uppev  one  broadj  2~lobed,  lower  the  larg« 


340 

est,  boat- shaped ;  lateral  ones  cordate-ovate:  racemes  shortly  p£* 
duncled,  about  the  length  of  tbe  leaves;  flowers  middle-sized, 
yellow. 

Mountainous  parts  of  the  Circars.  Ghauts  and  hilly  parts  of  the 
Goncans.  Kennery  jungles.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

GENUS  LIIL     CYANOSPERMUM. 
Diadelpliia  Decanilria.    Sex:  Syst: 

Deriv.  From  Kuanos,  blue,  and  Sperma,  seed,  in  allusion  to  the 
colour  of  the  seeds. 

GEN.  CHAU.  Calyx  herbaceous,  2-lipped,  cleft  to  near  the  base ; 
lips  about  equal,  upper  wedge-shaped,  2-eleft,  lower  tripartite  ;  seg- 
ments oblong- linear  :  corolla  slightly  shorter  than  tbe  calyx,  per- 
sistent, rigidly  scariose,  papilionaceous  ;  vexillum  obcordntc,  spread- 
ing, without  callosities  :  keel  slightly  falcate,  the  petals  distinct 
except  for  a  small  spnce  at  the  curve:  legume  2,  by  abortion  1- 
seeded,  scarcely  so  long  as  tbe  cal}x,  constricted  all  round  between 
the  seeds  and  as  if  formed  of  two  spherical  lobes :  seeds  globose. 

(1)    C.  TOMENTOSUM.       (W.tyA.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  200. 

Syn.  Cylista  tomentosa,  Hoxl.fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  319. —Dec.  prod. 
IT.  jo.  410. 

Engrav.     Wight's  111.  I.  t.  84.—Roxb.  COT.  III.  t.  221. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining,  tomcntose  :  leaves  pinnitely  trifoliolate  ; 
leaflets  broadly-ovate,  acuminated :  stipules  lanceolate  :  upper  lip 
of  the  calyx  scarcely  cleft  to  the  middle  :  racemes  axillary,  simple  : 
bracts  oval,  cuspidate,  deciduous :  legume  shortly  tomentose ;  seeds 
bluish-violet :  flowers  middle-sized,  sulphur. 

Dindigul.     Mysore.     Flowering  nearly  all  the  year, 

GENUS  LTV.     ERYTHRINA. 
ftiatlelphia  Becaiiilria.    Sex:  Sytt  .• 

Deriif.  From  Erythros,  red,  in  allusion  to  the  bright  colour  of 
the  flowers. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs :  stipules  free  from  the  petiole  : 
leaves  pinnately  trifoliolate  :  stems  and  petioles  sometimes  prickly  : 
racemes  elongated  :  pedicels  usually  in  threes  :  calyx  tubular,  trun- 
cated or  2-lipped  or  spathaceous :  corolla  papilionaceous :  vexillum 
very  long,  without  spurs  or  callosities  at  the  base,  much  larger  than 
the  small  wings  and  keel :  stamens  straight,  nearly  as  long  as  the 
vexillum :  style  straight,  incurved  at  the  apex :  legume  stalked* 
long,  torulose,  compressed  between  the  seeds,  pointed  \  seeds  dia* 
tant. 


(i)  E.  TNDICA.     (Lam.) 

fdent.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  260,—  Dec.  prod,  II.  p.  41*2.*- 
tloxb.  fl.  Ind  III.  p.  249. 

Syn.     E.  corallodendron,  Linn. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  7.—  Rumph.  Amb.  II.  t.  76.— 
Wight's  Icon.  t.  58. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  armed  with  black  prickles  i  stipules  falcate  * 
petioles  and  leaves  unarmed  ;  terminal  leaflet  broadly  cordate  :  calyx 
spathaceous,  contracted  and  5-toothed  at  the  apex  :  vexillum  $ 
tirfies  shorter  than  the  calyx,  many  times  longer  than  the  ttings  : 
keel  about  the  length  of  the  wings,  with  its  petals  distinct  :  stamens 
monadelphous,  with  the  sheath  entire  at  the  base,  thence  diadel- 
phous  with  the  tube  split  :  racemes  terminal,  horizontal  :  legume 
6-8-sceded  :  flowers  large,  dark  purple  scarlet. 

Coromandel.  Concans.  Assam.  Flowering;  in  February  and 
March.  The  wood  is  light  and  soft  and  is  used  for  making  toys, 
also  generally  employed  in  constructing  catamarans. 

(2)  E.  STRICTA.     Roxb,) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.    260,—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  251. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  armed  with  white  pricklea:  petioles  rarely 
prickly:  leaves  unarmed  ;  terminal  leiflet  renifo  rm-  cordate,  point- 
ed :  calyx  spathaceous,  entire,  acute,  short:  vexillum  about  ten 
times  longer  than  the  calyx  and  twice  the  length  of  the  keel  :  keel 
much  longer  than  the  wings,  its  petals  uniting  i  stamens  monadej- 
phous,  with  the  sheath  entire  at  the  base,  diaddphous  upwards  ** 
racemes  terminal,  horizontal  :  legume  2-3-seeded  :  flowers  large, 
dark  purple  scarlet. 

Travancore.    Western  Ghauts.     Flowering  in  March. 


(3)  E.  sufcEKo&A. 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  260.—  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  253. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  with  corky  cleeply-crncked  bark  :  branches 
unarmed,  except  at  the  insertion  of  the  petioles  :  stipules  lanceo- 
late :  petioles  pubescent,  prickly:  leaves  unarmed  :  leaflets  tomen- 
tose  below,  terminal  one  rhomboid  and  acuminated,  occasionally 
reniform  and  rounded:  calvx  tubular,  2-Iippc'd  :  vexillum  much 
longer  than  the  calyx  and  more  than  twice  the  length  of  the  keel  : 
keel  cordate,  many  times  longer  than  the  small  wings,  its  petals 
united  :  stamens  monadelphous  :  racemes  axillary,  sometimes  ter- 
minal, spreading  :  legume  2-3-seeded  :  flowers  large,  whitish  rose 
scarlet. 

Circars.  Guzerat.  Khandeish.  Common  in  the  Mahal  dig* 
tricts,  east  of  the  Ghautb.  Flowering  in  March  and  ApriU 


342 

(4)  E.  su BLOB AT A. 

tdevd.     W.  &  A.  prod,  L  p.  261.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  254* 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree*  armed  with  prickles  i  petioles  pUbes* 
Cent:  leaflets  repand^inuate,  covered  with  soft  white  tomentnm 
beneath,  terminal  one  rhomboid :  Calyx  tubular,  2-lipped  i  vexillum 
5-f>  times  longer  than  the  calyx,  2-3  times  longer  than  the  keel  t 
keel  cordate*  several  times  longer  than  the  wings,  its  petals  United  i 
stamens  monadelphous :  racemes  terminal*  erect  i  flowers  Whitish 
rpse  scarlet. 

Mountainous  parts  of  the  Circars,  flowering  in  March  and  April* 

(5)  E.  RESUPINATA.      ( Rotib.J 

IdenL     Roxb*  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  257. 
EngraD.     Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  220. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual :  branches  and  petioles  rather  priekly  * 
leaflets  roundish  :  calyx  2-lipped  i  vexillum  oval-oblong :  t*c«m0$ 
short,  crowded  with  flowers  which  are  bright  scarlet. 

Cawnpofe,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(6)  E.  oVAtiroiiA.     (Roxb.) 

fdent.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind,  III.  p.  254. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t*  24?. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  armed  with  prickles  :  leaflets  oval :  peti6le» 
armed  :  Vexillilm  Obcordate  :  racemes  terminal  horizontal :  flowers 
Very  large,  scarlet,  variegated  with  orange,  sulphur  and  dark  purple* 

Bengal,  flowering  in  February. 

GENUS  IV.    BUTEA. 
niftilelphi*  Derandrla*    to  .  S^t . 

JOtfr4!^.  From  John>  Earl  of  Bute,  formerly  a  great  patron  of 
itemture  and  science. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  twining  shrubs,  unarmed :  leaves  pw» 
mtely  trifoliolate  }  leaflets  large,  roundish-ovate*  pubescent  of  tow 
nentose  beneath :  racemes  many-flowered  j  flowers  in  threes,  pedi* 
elled,  with  two  bracteoles  at  the  base  of  the  dalyx  :  caly*  campa* 
lulatej  2-lipped,  upper  lip  almost  entire^  lower  3-cleft :  corolla 
>apilionaceous :  petals  equally  long :  vexillum  ovate,  recurved  i 
.eel  and  wings  incurved:  style  ascending:  legume  stalked,  flat* 
om pressed j  thin,  with  a  large  solitary  seed  at  the  ap*X< 


343 

(1)    B.   FRONDOSA. 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  261.— Roxb.  ft.  Ind.  III.  p.  244.— 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p,  415. 

Syn.     Erythrina  monosperma,  Lam. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  16,  17.— Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  21. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  calyx -segments  short,  slightly  acute,  much 
shorter  than  the  tube  :  corolla  densely  pubescent,  many  times  longer 
than  the  calyx  :  vexillum  ovate,  acute  :  racemes  simple,  lax:  pedi- 
cels about  twice  as  long  as  the  calyx  :  flowers  large,  deep  orange. 

Negapatam,  Travancorc.  Common  in  the  Cuncnns  and  Gnze- 
rat.  Chittagong.  Silhet,  and  other  parts  of  the  country.  Flower- 
ing in  the  hot  season.  This  tieo  gives  its  name  to  the  celebrated 
plain  of  Plassey  in  Bengal,  the  native  appellation  for  it  being  Palasi. 
From  fissures  and  wounds  in  the  bark  issues  a  beautiful  red  juice* 
which  soon  hardens  into  a  brittle  astringent  gum.  This  is  known 
in  commerce  as  the  Butea  kino,  or  Pulas  kino,  and  is  used  in  medi- 
cine as  a  powerful  astringent. 

(2)  B.  SUPERBA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  261.-— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  HI.  p.  247. 
—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  415. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub  :  calyx -segments  shortish,  acu- 
minated:  corolla  much  longer  than  the  calyx:  vexillum  ovate, 
acute  :  racemes  simple,  lax  :  pedicels  about  twice  the  length  of  the 
calyx  :  flowers  large,  bright-red. 

Ciroar  mountains,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(3)  B,  PARVIFIORA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  £A.  prod.  I.  p.  261.— lloxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  248. 
"-Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  415. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  210. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Twining  shrub  :  calyx-segments  nearly  as  long  as 
the  tube  :  corolla  about  twice  the  length  of  the  calyx ;  vexillum 
ovate,  emarginate  at  tho  apex :  racemes  panic-led  :  pedicels  much 
shorter  than  the  calyx  :  flowers  very  numerous,  small,  white. 

llajahmundry.  Hilly  parts  of  the  Concan.  Assam.  Oudc. 
Flowering  in  November  and  December. 

GKNUS  LVI.     PONGAMIA. 
Hiadel|iHEa  Decaiulria,    Sex    Syst; 
Deriv.     The  Malabar  name  latinized. 

GFV.  CHAR.  Tires  or  tvtiriing  bhruhs  :  leaves  unequally  pinnat- 
ed ,  leaflets  opposite  .  t-ul)  x  cup-shiiped,  somewhat  truncated  aud  5- 


toothed  :  corolla  papilionaceous :  legume  more  or  less  compresRetl, 
oval,  with  a  shoit  lecurved  point,  1-celled,  1 -2-seeded :  valves 
Concave  inside,  not  stipulating  naturally. 

(1)  P.  C;L*BR\.     (rent.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  202,— Dec.  prod.  TT.  p.  416. 
Syn.     Galedupa  Indica,  Lam.    Roxb.  ft    Ind.  III.  p.  239. — Ro- 
biniu  mitis,  Linn.— Dalbergia  arborca,  Willd. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  59.— Ilheede  Mai,  VI.  t.  3.— Lam. 
III.  t.  603  f.  1.  f 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaflets  2-3  pair,  ovate  or  obovate,  acumi- 
nated, glabrous:  vexillum  with  two  callosities  at  the  base  of  the 
limb  and  deeurrent  along  the  claw:  racemes  axillary,  many-flower- 
ed, about  halt' the  length  of  the  leaves:  pedicels  in  pairs  ;  legume 
oblong,  nearly  sessile,  thick,  with  a  short  reeuned  beak,  tumid 
along  both  sutuies.  tloweis  middle-sized,  bright-purple. 

Coromandcl.  Conc'ins.  Deccan.  Patna.  Assam.  Flowering 
in  the  hot  season.  The  seeds  \icld  by  expression  a  fixed  oil  which 
the  natives  use  externalry  in  eruptive  diseases. 

(2)  P.  ov \LirouA,     (/F.  4-  A ) 

Ident.     W.  &  \.  prod.  I.  p.  202. 
JKngrar.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  328. 

SPFC.  CH\R.  Tiee:  leaflets  4  pair,  drooping,  oval,  obtuse,  gla- 
brous: vcAillum  \\ithout  e.illosiries  *  r.iccmes  elongated,  disposed 
along  the  leafless  bianche^  :  pt  diccls  slend-r,  arranged  along  veiy 
shoit  minutely  bi actuated  partial  peduncles. 

Peninsula. 

(3)  P.  CAVARENSIS.     (Dah.) 

Ident.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.-  Fruticose,  scandent :  leaves  unequally  pinnate: 
leaflets  7-10  pair,  opposite,  short- petioled,  oblong-lanceolate,  stri- 
gose  beneath  :  panicles  terminal,  shoiter  than  the  leaf,  rusty-tomen- 
tose  :  pedicels  3,  fascicled  at  the  apex  on  a  common  peduncle  :  sta- 
mens diadelphous  at  the  base  and  apex,  monadelphous  in  the  mid- 
dle:  ovary  hiisute,  2-3-ovuled :  calyx  bibracteolate,  wide,  cup- 
shaped,  with  a  ring  of  dense-  hairs  roj^nd  the  inside  of  its  mouth-: 
vexillum  with  two  callosities  at  the  base  of  its  limb,  running  down 
the  short  claw  :  stipules  serni -ovate,  broad,  covered  with  ferruginous- 
hairs. 

Canara,  near  Gaisuppa,  flowmng  in  April. 


GENUS  LVIf.     DERRTS. 
Ueeandrla.    Sex 


Deriv.  From  Derm,  a  skin,  in  reference  to  the  consistence  of 
the  legumes. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrubs,  unarmed  :  leaves  unequally  pin- 
nated :  racemes  axillary  and  lateral:  cah\  tubular,  5-toothed  : 
corolla  papilionaceous  :  keel  lunate  :  legume  oblong,  obtuse,  much 
compressed,  1  -seeded  :  seed  oblong,  flat. 

(I)  D.  ULIGIXOSA.     (Dec.) 

Ident.     Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  416. 

Syn.  Pongamia  uhginosa,  W.  8$  A.  prod.  I.  p.  262'.  —  Galo- 
dupa  uliginosa,  Roxb.  Jt.  Ind.  LII.  p.  243.  —  Robinia  uliginosa, 
Willd.  —  -Tephrosia  uliginosa,  Spr.  —  Dalbergia  heterophjllu,  Wtlld. 
Dec.  prod.  11.  p.  417. 

Enyrav.     Hbeede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  46. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub  :  leaflets  1-2-pair,  ovate  or  oblong, 
bluntly  acuminated,  glabrous  :  racemes  axillary,  elongated,  longer 
than  the  leaves,  otten  with  1  -2  tnfoliolatc  leaves  on  their  lower 
half:  pedicels  arranged  along  minutely  brncteatcd  partial  pedun- 
cles :  vexillum  without  callosities  :  ovary  6—  7-ovuled  :  legume  oval 
or  orbicular,  reticulated,  with  a  recurved  hooked  point,  1  -seeded  : 
flowers  white  or  pale  rose-coloured, 

Peninsula.     Bengal.     Flowering  in  April  and  May. 
(2)  D.  HUYXEINI.     (Benth.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  77. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub,  glabrous  or  slightly  clothed  with 
reddish  tomentum  :  leaflets  5--7,  ovate  or  oval-oblong,  obtusely 
acuminated  :  panicles  large,  drooping  :  legume  thickish,  strongly 
reticulated,  linear-oblong,  2-3-seeded>  winged  :  flowera  small^  pa!o- 
pink. 

Western  parts  of  the  Peninsula. 

(3)  D.  CUNEIPOLIA.     (Benth.) 

Ident.     Walp.  Annal.  IV.  p.  583.—  Miq.  fl.  Ind.  Bat.  I.  p.  146. 
Syn.     Galedupa  marginata,   Roxb.  fi.  Ind.   III.   p.   241.  —  Pon- 
gamia marginata,  Wall.  —  P.  obovatu,  Wall. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Glabrous  :  leaflets  2-3  pair,  with  an  odd  on« 
which  is  larger,  lower  ones  elliptic,  upper  ones  obo\ate-oblong, 
or  sub-lanceolate,  roundish  or  obtuse  at  the  apex  and  slightly  ern^r- 
ginate  :  racemes  shorter  than  the  leaf,  axillaiv  or  lateral,  solitary, 
gomcwhat  pamcled,  roughly  pubescent  :  podiceU  ^lender, 


IMS 

Calyx   villously  pubescent,    broad  cup-shaped,  4 -toothed  :  corolla 
glabrous;  vexillum  thickened  above  the  claw,   somewhat  bicalloua 
inside  :  ovary  linear,  longer  than  the  deflexed  glabrous  style. 
Silhet. 

GF1NUS  LVIII.     BBACHYFIERUM. 
1llaflel|>hia  Deeaiidria.    Sex.-  Syst- 

Deriv.  From  Brachys,  short,  und  Pterony  a  wing,  alluding  to  the 
short- winged  legumes. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs  :  lenves  pinnated  :  leaflets  oppo- 
site ;  calyx  obliquely  truncated :  corolla  papilionaceous :  anthers 
ovate  ;  legumes  with  a  narrow  wing  along  the  seed-bearing  suture. 

(1)  B.  SCANDENS.     (Benth.) 

Ident.  W.  cSr  A.  prod.  1.  p.  264.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  232* 
—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  117. 

Syn.    Dalbergia  scandens,  Roxb. 

Engtav.  Roxb,  Cor.  II.  t.  1&2.— Wight's  Icon.  t.  275. — 
Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  22. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub  :  leaflets  opposite,  oblong -lanceo- 
late, obtuse  at  the  apex  :  petioles  channelled :  calyx  with  2  small 
foracteoles  at  its  base,  truncated,  with  a  short  tooth  opposite  the  keel : 
vexillum  callous  at  the  base  of  the  limb  :  wings  ciliated  at  the  base: 
legume  almost  sessile,  linear^lanceolate,  2~3-»eeded :  racemes  axil- 
lary, longer  than  the  leaves:  pedicels  fascicled,  slender:  flowers 
numerous,  white  or  pale-rose,  fragrant. 

Coromandel  Coast.  Travancore.  Concan  Jungles.  Chittagong* 
Assam.  Flowering  in  August^ 

(2)  B.  CANAHENSE.     (Date.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  76. 

Syn*     Pongamia  Canarensis,  Daly,  in  Hook.  Bat.  II.  p.  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  A  woody  climbing  plant;  leaflets  7-10  pair  2 
ovary  hirsute,  2-3-ovuled :  legume  very  flat,  oval,,  winged  on  both 
sides  ;  racemes  terminal,  shorter  than  the  leaf ;  pedicels  in  threes  : 
flowers  pink. 

Garsuppa,  flowering  iu  April. 

(3)  B.  ROBUSTUM,     (Dalz.J 

2deut.     Dalz.  Bamb.   flor.  p.  77. 
Syn.     Dalbergia  robusta,  Ro$b. 
v*     Wight's  Icon*  t,  24i. 


'347 

SfcEc.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaflets  numerous,  oblong  or  elliptic,  mn* 
Cronulate,  young  ones  silky  :  racemes  simple,  elongated  :  ovary  6- 
8-ovuled  :  legume  lanceolate,  with  a  narrow  wing,  acute  at  both 
ends  :  flowers  fascicled,  white. 

Peninsula* 


S  LIX.    MILLETT1A. 
ttladelpliia  Her  anilrla.    Sex    Syst  : 

Deriv.     Called  after  Dr.  Millett  of  Canton. 

GEN,  CHAR*  Trees  or  twining  shrubs:  leaves  very  large,  un- 
equally pinnated  :  leaflets  opposite,  with  a  bristly  stipule  at  the 
base  of  each  partial  petiole  ;  racemes  axillary,  more  or  less  com- 
pound :  flowers  largish  :  calyx  cup-shaped,  lobed  or  slightly  tooth- 
ed :  corolla  papilionaceous,  :  vexillum  recurved,  broad,  emarginate, 
glabrous  or  silky  on  the  back  ;  one  stamen  distinct  from  the  rest  : 
legume  flat,  elliptic  or  lanceolate,  pointed,  coriaceous^  thick-  mar- 
gined, without  wings,  1-2-seedea:  valves  closely  cohering  all 
round  the  seeds  and  between  them. 

(1)  M.   RtJBIGlNOSA.       (W.fyA*) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod,  I.  p.  263. 

Engrav*     Wight's  Icon.  t.  207. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  parts  petioles  and  racemes  covered  with 
rusty  tomentum  t  leaflets  2-3  pair,  oblong-lanceolate,  acuminated, 
covered  when  young  With  yellowish  pubescence  :  calyx  minutely 
tootjied  ;  vexillum  silky  on  the  outside,  with  two  large  tomentose 
callosities  on  the  insicle  at  its  base  :  legume  linear-lanceoUte,  point- 
ed :  racemes.  Drooping,  nearly  as  long  as  the  leaves,  sojitary,  with 
shortish  3-5-furrowed  lateral  peduncles. 

Courtallum. 

(2)  M.  srtENDENs*     (W.  Sf  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I*  p.  263. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Young  parts  petioles  and  racemes  clothed  with 
short  whitish  or  tawny  tomentum  :  leaflets  about  3  pair,  oblong- 
lanceolate,  suddenly  and  shortly  acuminated,  silvery  -pubescent 
beneath  :  racemes  slightly  compound,  with  several  flowers  on  each 
lateral  peduncle  :  calyx  shortly  4-cleft  ;  upper  segment  the  broad- 
est :  ovary  with  6  ovules,  all  collected  between  the  middle  and  the 
apex. 

Peninsula. 


348 

(S)  M.  PISCIDIA.     (W.  4-  A.) 

Ident.     Wight's  Icon.  No.  5. 

Syn.     Galedupa  piscidia,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  HI.  p.  240, 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.   86. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaflets  3-5,  lanceolate,  opposite :  racemes 
axillary  and  terminal,  simple  or  branched :  calyx  campanulate,  5- 
lobed  :  flowers  largish,  white. 

Khasia  mountains.  Assam.  Flowering  in  June  and  July,  The 
bark  and  flowers  powdered  and  thrown  into  water  intoxicate  fish 
which  thus  are  easily  taken. 

(4)  M.  CINEREA.     (Benth.) 

Jdcnt.     Walp.  Annal.  IV.  p.  573.— Miq.  fl.  Ind.  Bat.  I.  p.  155. 
Syn.     Pongamia  cinerea,  Grah. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Leaflets  2  pair,  ovate  or  elliptic,  acuminate,  mem- 
branaceous,  glabrous  ;  panicles  terminal,  lax,  ashy-tomentose  :  bracts 
small :  pedicels  equalling  the  calyx  or  longer :  calycine  teeth  very 
•hort,  lower  one  acute  :  vexillum  villous  outside,  scarcely  callous : 
wings  oblong,  shorter  than  the  arched  keel. 

Assam.     Silhet.     Chittagong. 

GENUS  LX.     DALBERGIA. 
Diadelplila  Decandrla.    Sex:  Sytt: 

Dm'v.     Named  in  honor  of  M.  Dalbergh,  a  Swedish  Botanist. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs,  sometimes  twining:  leaves  un- 
equally pinnated :  racemes  axillary :  calyx  campanulate :  corolla 
papilionaceous,  glabrous:  keel  petals  free:  stamens  8-10,  mona- 
delphous  or  diadelphous :  legume  membranaceous,  reticulately  vein- 
ed, flat,  oblong-linear,  few-seeded  :  valves  closely  cohering  with 
each  other  all  round  the  seeds  and  between  them :  seeds  distant, 
compressed. 

(1)  D.  Sissoo.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  264.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  22$. 
•—Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  416. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaflets  3-5,  alternate,  orbicular  or  obcor- 
date,  suddenly  acuminated,  pubescent  when  young,  glabrous  and 
shining  when  old :  panicles  composed  of  several  short  subsecund 
spikes :  calyx-segments  oblong,  2  upper  ones  obtuse,  lower  ones 
acute :  stamens  9,  united  into  a  sheath  open  on  the  upper  side  : 
style  very  short :  stigma  large,  glandular :  legume  stalked,  linear- 
lanceolate,  about  3- seeded :  flowers  almost  sessile,  small,  yellowish- 
white, 


Coromandel.  Kennery  jungles.  Nagotrtah  Hills.  Gurterat* 
Assam.  Forests  of  North  India.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season, 
1?he  timber  is  strong  but  not  very  durable. 

(2)  D.  LATifotiA.    (Roxb.) 

Iclcnt.  W.  ft.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  264.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  221. 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  416. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  €or.  II.  t.  113.— Wight's  Icon.  t.  1156. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaflets  3-7,  usually  5,  alternate,  orbicular, 
cmarginate,  glabrous  above,  pubescent  when  young  beneath  :  pani- 
cles branched  and  divaricating:  calyx-segments  oblong,  more  or 
less  obtuse:  stamens  9  (or  10?)  united  into  a  sheath  open  on  the 
upper  side :  style  slender :  stigma  small :  legume  stalked,  oblong- 
lanceolate,  usually  1 -seeded  :  flowers  on  short  pedicels,  small,  white* 

Circar  mountains.  South  Concan  and  Travancore.  Khasia 
mountain*.  Assam.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season.  This  yields 
the  blackwood  of  commerce.  It  is  a  close-grained  heavy  timber, 
admitting  of  the  finest  polish  and  universally  employed  for  making 
furniture.  On  the  coasts  of  Coromandel  and  Malabar  the  tree  growi 
to  an  immense  size. 

(3)  D.  sissootDEs.     (Grak.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I  p.  265. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  ?  leaflets  5-7,  alternate,  elliptic-ovate,  short- 
ly and  bluntly  acuminated  :  panicles  branched,  lax,  about  half  the 
length  ot  the  leaves :  flowers  on  short  pedicels  :  calyx-segments  oval, 
obtuse :  stamens  9,  united  into  a  sheath  opening  on  the  upper  side ; 
ovary  stalked,  4-5-ovuled  :  style  straight :  stigma  small, 

Neilgherries.     Courtallum. 

(4)  D.  RUBIGINOSA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  265.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  231,-— 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  416. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor,  II.  t.  115. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Trunk  woody,  climbing:  leaflets  5-7,  alternate, 
oblong  or  oval,  obtuse  or  retuse,  with  numerous  fine  diverging  pa- 
rallel veins,  when  young  slightly  pubescent  beneath,  afterwards 
glabrous :  petioles  and  peduncles  pubescent :  racemes  fascicled, 
compound,  short:  pedicels  very  short:  calyx  pubescent,  5-cleft; 
segments  oblong,  obtuse :  stamens  9-10,  united  into  a  sheath  open 
on  the  upper  side :  ovary  glabrous :  style  slender  j  stigma  small, 

Circar  mountains, 


350 

(5)  D.  VOLUBILIS. 

Tdtnt.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  265.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p,  233, 
*-*-Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  417. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II,  t.  191. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining:  leaflets  about  5  pair*  alternate  or  nearly 
opposite,  oval,  obtuse,  glabrous :  panicles  terminal  and  axillary, 
large,  branched^  spreading :  calyx  pubescent,  5-cleft :  vexillum  with 
a  large  callosity  at  the  base  of  the  limb)  reniform-cordate  :  stamens 
10,  equally  diadelphoua  :  legume  stalked,  linear<-oblongf  pbtuse. 

Circar  mountains. 

(6)  D.  PANictitATA*     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  L  p.  265.-— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  227. 
*— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  417. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  It.  t.  114. 

SPKC.  CHAR.  Tree:  leaflets  5-6  pair,  Alternate,  obovate-oblong 
or  oval,  usually  emarginate,  glabrous  *  petioles  and  peduncles  pu- 
bescent :  panicles  terminal  or  axillary,  compound  :  calyx  pubescent 
or  hairy,  5-cleft »  lowest  segment  long  and  narrow  t  vexillum  with- 
out callosities :  stamens  10,  equally  diadelphous :  legume  lanceo- 
late, 1-2-seeded  :  flowers  small,  bluish-white. 

Circars.  Colemala.  Courtallum.  Mawul  districts,  above  the 
Ghauts.  Assam.  Oude.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(7)  D.  FRONDOSA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  266.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  236.-* 
PCQ.  prod.  II.  p.  417. 

Syn.     D.  arborea,  Heyne  in  Roth*  Dec.  I.  c. — D.   lanceolaria, 
Linn. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  266. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  leaflets  about  5  pair,  cuneate-oval,  emar- 
ginate, silky  when  young,  afterwards  slightly  hairy  beneath  :  p$m- 
cles  axillary,  pubescent :  flowers  secund,  racemose  along  the  ulti* 
mate  branches  of  the  panicle :  calyx  hairy  \  lowest  segment  nar- 
rower and  longer  than  the  rest :  vexillum  with  a  large  callosity  at 
the  base  of  the  limb :  stamens  equally  diadelphous  :  legume  lanceo- 
late, 1-4-seeded :  flowers  small,  bluish- white. 

Courtallum.    Travancore,     Flowering  in  May  and  June. 

(8)  D.  SPINOSA.    (Rovb.) 

Utnt.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  266.— Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p,  233. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  glabrous  shrub  :  ultimate  branches  Dis- 
tichous, horizontal,  rigid  and  almost  spinescent :  leaves  fascicled  ; 
leaflets  3-4  pair,  alternate  or  nearly  opposite,  very  small,  elliptic 


351 

or  cuneate-oblong,   feluse :    racemes  fascicled,  secund,   recurved : 
calvx  glabrous;  segments  oblong,   obtuse  :  vexillum  without  callo- 
sities: stamens  equally  diadelphous  :  legume  oval,  1 -seeded. 
Chittagong.     Soonderbunds. 

(9)  D.  OOJINENSIS.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  lud.  III.  p.  220.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  416. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  391. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree :  leaves  ternate ;  leaflets  subrotund, 
about  4  inches  in  length,  with  waved  margins  :  racemes  axillary 
and  terminal,  rarely  compound :  legume  linear-oblong,  obtuse,  vil- 
lous  on  the  outside,  1-3-seeded  :  flowers  small,  pale  rose,  fragrant. 

Oude.  Sirmore.  North  Concan.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 
The  timber  is  highly  valued  for  its  strength.  The  bark  affords  a 
fine  kino,  and  is  used  medicinally  for  bowel  complaints. 

(10)  D.  ROBUSTA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.    Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  53, — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  417. 
Syn.     D.  Krowee,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  229. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  244. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  about  30  feet:  leaflets  7-9,  oval  or  obovate, 
obtuse,  somewhat  mucronulate,  minutely  pubescent :  ncemes  spici- 
form,  about  twice  the  length  of  the  leaves  :  pedicels  aggregate :  sta- 
mens monadelphous  ;  flowers  small,  white. 

Silhet.     Assam.     Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(11)    D.  M \RGINATA.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  Hort.  Beng.  p.  53.— -fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  230. 
Syn.     Aganope  marginata,  Miq.  Walp.  Annul.  IV.  p.  584. 
Engrav.    Wight's  Icon.  t.  87. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub :  leaflets  alternate,  broad,  obovate, 
coriaceous,  margined,  somewhat  glaucous  beneath  :  panicles  2-3  to- 
gether, diffuse,  shorter  than  the  leaves  :  flowers  white. 

Siihet,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(12)  D.  SYMPATHETIC  A.    (Nimmo.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb,  flor.  p.  78. 

Engrav.     Rheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  40. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  scandent  shrub :  trunk  armed  with  strong 
blunt  curved  thorns,  6-10  inches  in  length  :  leaflets  small,  numer- 
ous, obovate -oblong,  very  obtuse,  emarginate  :  cymes  axillary, 
dense,  shorter  than  the  leaf:  legume  1-2-seeded. 


S52 

Common  in  the  Concan  jungles.    Western  Ghauts.    Flowc  ring-  im 
February  and  March. 


(13)    I).  TAMARINDIFOLIA. 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Tnd.  III.  p.  203. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  242. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub  ;  leaflets  numerous,  linear-oblong  : 
racemes  lateral,  short,  ovate,  dense  :  legumes  swelled,  scabrous,  1- 
eeeded. 

Assam,  flowering  in  March  and  ApriL 

(14)  I).  STIPUIA.CBA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  ft.  Ind.  III.  p.  233. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  243. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  leaflets  8-12  pair,  alternate,  linear,  ob- 
long; stipules  and  bracts  oblong,  falcate:  panicles  axillary  and  ter- 
minal :  stamens  equally  diadelphous  :  flowers  small,  blue. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 

(15)  D.  RIMOSA.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  IncL  III.  p.  233. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  2G2. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  leaflets  abont  7,  subalternnte,  oblong,  witfc 
fine  parallel  veins  :  legumes  1,  rarely  2-seeded,  rimose  at  the  needs  : 
flowers  panicled,  small,  greenish-white,  flagrant. 

Silhet.     Assam.     Flowering  in  March  and  April. 

(16)  D.   RENIFORMIS.       (Roxb.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  226. 
Engrav.     Wight's  Icon.  t.  261. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree;  young  parts  rusty-coloured  :  leaflets  5-1  tr 
alternate,  lanceolate  :  panicles  axillary  and  lateral  :  stamens  equally 
diadelphous:  legumes  kidney-shaped,  with  thick  rounded  margins. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 

(17)  D.  MONOSPERMA.       (Dais.) 

Ident.     Dalz.  Bomb.  flor.  p.  78.  —  Hook.  Jour.  Hot.  II.  p.  36. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Twining  shrub  :  leaflets  5,  alternate,  obovate  or 
cuneate-oval,  mucronulate,  glaucous  beneath  :  petioles  and  pedun- 
cles pubescent  :  calyx  -segments  rounded  :  stamens  monadelphoua  : 
racemes  axillary,  solitary  or  twin,  much  shoiter  than  the  leaf  :  le* 
gwme  crescent-shaped,  1  -seeded  :  flowers  white. 

Hills  in  the  Malvvan  district,  flowering  in  June* 


(18)  D.  ACACIAFOLIA.     (Dal*.) 

ld<ent.     Hook.  Jour.  Bot.  II.  p.  37. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Scandent,  fruticose  :  stamens  monadelphous;  leaves 
alternate :  leaflets  20-24  pair,  alternate,  linear,  obtuse  or  emargi* 
hate  at  the  apex,  unequal  at  the  base,  somewhat  glabrous  and  shin- 
ing above*  strigose  beneath  :  petioles  and  peduncles  rusty-tomen- 
tose :  panicles  axillary  and  terminal,  much  shorter  than  the  leaf! 
calyx  pubescent,  bibracteolate  at  the  base,  with  5  obtuse  teeth :  ovary 
(Stalked,  quite  glabrous,  3-ovuled. 

Canara,  flowering  in  April. 

GENUS  LXT.     PTEROOARPUS. 
Diadelphla  DevaiuIHa.    SP*    Si/at 

foeriv.  From  Pteron,  a  wing,  and  Carpos,  fruit,  in  allusion  td 
the  winged  legume. 

GFN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs,  unarmed:  leaves  unequally  pin* 
nated :  racemes  axillary  or  forming  terminal  panicles;  calyx  5- 
cleft,  somewhat  2-lipped :  corolla  papilionaceous  :  keel-petals  dis- 
tinct or  slightly  cohering  :  legume  indehiscent,  irregular,  somewhat 
orbicular,  surrounded  by  a  wing,  often  wrinkled  in  the  middle,  1-3* 
celled  :  seeds  solitary  in  each  cell,  kidney-shaped. 

(1)  P.  SANTALINUS.     (Linn.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  266.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  419. 

SPEC.  CII\R.  Tree:  leaflets  3,  roundish,  retuse :  racemes  axil- 
lary, simple  or  branched  :  petals  long-clawed,  waved  or  curled  on 
the  margins:  stamens  triadelphous,  (5,  4  and  1):  legume  stalked, 
l-secdcd  :  wing  mernbranaceous,  waved. 

Coromandel.  Palghaut  mountains.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 
From  this  tree  is  obtained  the  red  sandal-wood,  chiefly  employed  by 
dyers  and  colour-manufacturers. 

(2)  P.  MARSUPIUM.     (Roxb.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  26G.—Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  234.— « 
Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  418. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  116. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaflets  5-73  alternate,  elliptical,  usually 
deeply  emarginate :  panicles  terminal :  petals  long-clawed,  waved 
or  curled  on  the  margins :  stamens  combined  into  a  sheath,  spli' 
down  to  the  base  on  the  upper  side  and  half-way  down  on  the  lower 
legume  long-stalked,  surrounded  by  a  broad  membranaceous  wixjg 
obtuse  at  the  base,  rarely  2-seeded :  flowers  smallish,  white,  tinge< 
with  yellow, 


354 

Colemala*  Neilghftriea.  Concans.  Assam.  Flowering  in  the 
rainy  season.  The  bark  and  lea\ej»  afford  the  gum  kino,  exported 
in  great  quantities  fiom  the  Malabar  Coast. 

(3)  P.  WALLICIIII.    (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  267. 
Enyrav.    Wight's  111.  I  t.  78. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  :  leaflets  about  9,  alternate,  ovate  or  oval 
with  a  sudden  blnntish  acumination:  panicles  axillarv  :  bracts  subu- 
late, caducous:  petals  long-clawed,  curled  and  wn\ed  on  the  mar* 
gins  ;  stamens  united  into  a  s»heuth,  split  dov\n  on  the  upper  side 
only  :  flowers  yellow. 

Peninsula. 

GENUS  LXII.    ENTADA. 

Uloncecla.    Sex  :  Sytt: 


Deriv.     The  Malabar  name  latinized. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Large  climbing  shiubs,  unarmed  :  leaves  bi  pinnat- 
ed or  c  -n  jugately  pinnated,  the  rnchU  often  ending  in  a  tendril  : 
flowers  spiked,  very  numerous:  petals  5,  distinct  or  slightly  con- 
nected at  the  very  base:  stamens  10-25:  anthers  tipped  with  a 
gland:  legume  compressed,  jointed;  joints  1  -seeded,  the  valves 
separating  from  each  other  when  ripe,  the  sutures  persistent  ;  «eids 
thick. 

(1)  E.  FUSJETHA.     (Dee.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  207.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  425. 

Syn»  E.  monostachya,  Dec.  1.  c,  —  E  Rlieedii,  Spreng.  —  Mimo- 
sa scandens,  Linn.  Roxb.  jl.  Ind.  III.  p.  554.  —  jM.  entuda,  Linn,— 
Acacia  scandens,  Wiltd. 

Evtjrav.  Rheede  Mai.  VIII.  t.  32,  33,  34,  and  IX.  t.  77.— 
Humph.  Amb.  V.  t.  4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  :  leaves  bipinnated  :  pinna?  2  pairs, 
sometimes  only  1  pair;  leaflets  2-.">-p:iii,  glabious,  oblong-obovate 
or  ovate,  emaiginate;  .spikes  solitary  or  in  pairs,  axillary  :  petals 
connected  at  the  base:  stamens  10:  legume  more  or  less  twihttd, 
very  large  :  flowers  white  or  pale-yellow. 

Malabar.  Travancore.  Flowering  in  April,  The  seeds  are  used 
as  an  antifebrile  medicine  by  the  lower  classes.  In  Java  they  are 
roasted  and  eaten  like  chestnuts. 


355 

GENUS  LXIII.    MIMOSA. 
Poly  ga  ill  ia  JVIouoecia.    Sex:  Sytt: 

Deriv.  From  Mimos,  a  mimic,  in  allusion  to  the  sensitive  pro- 
perties of  the  leaves. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Low  shrubs,  sometimes  climbing  :  leaves  conju- 
gately  or  digitately  or  doubly  pinnated  :  floweis  capit  «ted  :  petals 
4-5  :  stamens  4—15,  inserted  into  the  base  ol  the  coiolU  or  on  the 
stalk  of  the  ovary  :  legume  com  pressed,  flat,  composed  of  1  or  more 
1  -seeded  joints  ;  sutures  persistent  :  seeds  naked. 

(1)    M.  IIAMATA.       (ITilld.J 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  263.—  Dec.  prod.  IT.  p.  427. 
Syn.     M.  armata,  Rottl. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Branches  petioles  and  peduncles  pubescent  and 
prickly:  leavca  bipmnated  :  pinnae  4  pans  :  leaflets  7-8  pairs,  mi- 
nute, linear-oval,  pubescent:  peduncles'  longer  than  the  le.ives, 
bearing  one  head  of  flowers  :  legumes  linear,  3-7-jointtd,  filcatcly 
cuived,  pubescent,  long-stalked:  sutiues  emaigmate  between  the 
joints  and  with  the  stalk  piickly  :  flowers  lose-coloured. 

Peninsula.     Surat.     Deccan, 

(2)  M.  RUBUICAULIS.     (Lam.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  208.  —  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  429. 

Syn.  M,  octandra,  /?ojr&.  /.  Ind.  III.  p.  5G4.—  M.  llottlcrir 
Spreng  —  M.  spiuosiliqua,  liottl. 

Enyrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  200. 

SPKC.  CHAR.  Blanches  and  peiiolcs  armed  with  prickles:  leaves 
bipinnatcd  :  pinnae  5  pair,  with  a  brittle-shaped  jjlaud  between  each 
pair:  leaflets  10-12  pair,  oblong-linear,  pub<  scent  :  peduncles  1- 
he.ided,  several  together  in  the  axils  of  the  uppei  leaves:  iioweta 
octandrous  :  legume  sessile,  compressed,  flat,  gl<»brous,  obscurely 
jointed:  sutuies  str<»i^ht,  piiekly  or  sometimes  unarmed  :  flower* 
small,  purple,  gradually  becoming  whitish. 

Peninsula.  Malabar  Hill.  SilheU  Assam.  Flowering  in  th* 
hot  season. 


(&)    M.  MUTABILIS. 

Ident.     Roxb.  ft.  Jnd.  II.  p.  564. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Scandent  shrub  armed  with  remote  recurved 
prickles:  leaves  bipinnate  :  pinnae  4  pair:  leaflets  4-8  pair:  flower* 
octandrous:  legume  curved,  3-jointed  :  sutures  prickly:  flower* 
bright-purple,  afterwards  becoming  white. 

Banks  of   the   Ganges,  near    Benares,   flowering  in  the    rainy 


reason. 


356 

OEXUS  LXIV.     TNGA. 
Poly&amla  Hfonoecia.    Se*.  Syst  : 

T)eric.     The  South  American  name  of  one  of  the  species. 

GFN.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs,  usually  unarmed:  flowers  spiked 
or  capitate  :  calyx  f)-tooihe<l :  petals  5,  united  into  a  5-cleft  corolla  : 
stamens  numerous,  protruded,  monudelphous  at  the  base,  sometimes 
for  neatly  then  whole  length:  legume  broadly-linear,  compressed, 
1 -celled  :  seeds  coveied  usually  with  pulp,  sometimes  \\ith  a  pellicle 
or  farinaceous  mutter. 

(1)  i.   XYLOCARPA.       (J)eC.) 

Idcnt.     W.  &  A.  piod.    I.    p.  209.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  439. 

$yn.  Mimosa  \ylocaipa,  lioxb.  ft.  Ind.  III.  p.  543. — Acacia 
Xylocarpa,  IV  ill  d. 

Eiujrar.     Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  100. 

SPEC.  Cii\u.  Tree  unarmed:  leaves  conjugately  pinnated,  with 
a  gland  between  the  pinna? :  leaflets  24  pair,  with  an  odd  one  on 
the  outside  below  the  pairs,  ovate-oblong,  acute,  with  a  gland  be- 
tween each  pair  :  peduncles  in  pairs,  axillary  :  flowers  globose- 
capitate :  legume  n\,itooblong,  hutchut-bhapcd,  \toody,  many-seed-* 
ed  :  flowers  small,  \\hite. 

Coiomandcl.  Hilly  parts  of  the  Concan.  Travancore.  Assam. 
Flo v\  01  ing  in  the  hot  season.  The  timber  is  remaikably  strong  and 
durable.  This  has  been  raised  into  a  now  genus  called  Xylia,  by 
Bcntham.  See  Hook.  Join.  Hot.  iv.  p.  417. 

(2)  1.  BIOEMJNA.     (Willd.) 

Jdcnt.     \V.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  269.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  439. 

Syn.  Mimosa  bigemina,  Li.nn. — M.  lucida,  Rgxb.  fls  Ind.  Ill, 
p.  544. 

Engrav.     Rheedc  Mai.  VI.  t.  12. 

Srtc.  CHAR.  Tret?  unarmed  :  leaves  conjugately  or  bi pinnated  : 
pinnae  1-2  pair,  with  a  gland  between  each  pair:  leaflets  2-3  pair, 
ovate-lanceolate,  acuminated,  shining,  with  a  gland  between  each 
pair:  racemes  panicled,  terminal,  many-flowered:  flowers  in  smaU 
globose  heads,  white  ;  legumes  spirally  twisted. 

Concans.     Travancore.     Assam.     Flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(3)     \.   UMBELLATA.       (  IV'^lld.) 

fdent.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  270.— Dec.  prod.  II,  p.  439. 

iS'/yw.  I.  concordiana,  Dtc.  L  c.  p.  441. — Mimosa  umbellate,, 
fuhl. — M.  eoncorduina,  Roxb.  JL  Ind.  III.  p.  55(). 


357 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  armed  tree  :  thorns  stipulary,  or  often  solitary, 
largre,  leaf  and  flower  bearing  :  leaves  bipinnated  :  pinnae  1-2  pairs, 
with  a  gland  between  each  :  leaflets  3-10  pairs,  with  an  odd  one  on 
the  outside  below  the  lowest  pair,  Hnear^oblong,  obtuse,  sessile,  the 
uppermost  pair  obovate  j  peduncles  axillary,  1-2  together,  bearing 
a  single  globular  head  of  small  whitish  flowers  :  stamens  very  long  : 
legumes  large,  many-jointed,  much  curved*  woody,  slightly  sca- 
brous, afterwards  shining. 

Coromandel,  flowering  in  the  hot  season. 

(4)    I.   KAWAHURVNEE* 

Ident.     Voigt.  Hort.  Calo.  p.  25ft. 

Syn*     Mimosa  heterophylla,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  545. 

SPEC.  CHAR,  Tree  :  leaves  bipinnate  :  pinna?  2-3  pairs  :  leaf- 
lets 3-0  pairs,  roundish-cordate  or  lanceolate,  with  a  gland  between 
each  pair  of  pinna?  and  leaflets :  panicles  axillary,  crowded  with 
globular  heads  of  flowers  :  legume  spirally  twisted,  6-8-seeded. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  February  and  March.     A  useful  timber- tree. 
(5)  I.  UMBROSA.     (Wall.) 

Jdent.     Wall.  PI,  As,  Rar.  II.  p.  23.—Don's  Mill.  II.  p.  393. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree  armed  with  straight  stipnlary  thorns  : 
pinnae  1  pair,  each  pinna:  beting  3  broad  leaflets,  the  lower  one 
the  smallest;  leaflets  ohlong, 'obtuse,  oblique  at  the  base,  acute  : 
petioles  bearing  a  small  fl.-it  gland  at  the  apex  :  peduncles  axillary, 
solitary,  bearing  globose  heads  of  white  tvagraut  flowers. 

Silhet,  flowering  in  March  and  April. 

GENUS  LXV,     DBSMANTHUS. 
Polygamta  Hianoecia,    Sex .-  Syst .« 

DertV.  From  Desme,  a  bundle,  and  Anthos,  a  flower.  The 
flowers  are  collected  into  bundles  or  spikes. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Herbaceous  or  suffrutescent  plants,  unarmed  i 
leaves  bipinnated  :  spikes  axillary :  flowers  white,  \\ith  the  fertile 
filaments  usually  yellow:  calyx  5-toothed :  petals  5,  distinct  or 
•united,  or  wanting  in  the  neuter  florets  :  stamens  10,  rarely  5  :  fila- 
ments in  the  lower  flowers  of  each  spike  sterile,  dilated  and  mcm- 
branaceous  or  fliiform  :  legume  thickly  merabrauaceous,  dry,  flat  ? 
seeds  nuked. 

(1)  D.  NATANS.     (Willd.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  270.— -Pec.  prod.  II.  p.  444, 

Syn.     Mimosa  natans,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  533. — M.  prostrata, 

Lain. — Neptunia  oleracea,   Lour. — D»  lacustris,    Wiftrf.— -  D.  stolo- 

nifer,  Dec.  I.  c. 

£ngrav.     Kheede  Mai.  IX.  t.  20.— Roxb.  Cor,  IL  U  U9< 


SPEC.  CHAR.  Annual,  floating  and  throwing  out  roots:  stwn 
partly  swollen  and  inflated:  leaves  bipinnated  ;  pinnse  2-3  pair: 
leaflets  8-12  pair:  stipules  obliquely-cordate  :  peduncles  axillary, 
solitary,  longer  than  the  leaves:  flowers  on  solitary  spikes:  sta- 
mens 10;  legume  oblique  at  the  base,  oblong,  falcate,  6-8-seeded  : 
flowers  small,  reddish. 

Tanks  throughout  the  Concan  and  Coromandel  Coast.  Silhet. 
Assam.  Floweiing  nearly  all  the  year. 

(2)    D.  TRIQUETRUS.       (Wllld.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  270.  —  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  444. 

Syn.  Mimosa  triquetra,  Vahl.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  552.—* 
M.  n  titans,  Linn. 


v.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  756.  —  Pluk.  t.  307.  f.  4. 
SPLC-.  CHAR.  A  bi-trimnial,  pio<<rrate  plant  :  t>t'm 
triquetrous  below:  leaves  bipinnated  :  pinnne  2-3  pair:  leaflet*  lo- 
ll* p.nr  :  stipules  subulate:  peduncles  axillary,  solitary,  either 
hiked  or  with  two  caducous  bracts  about  the  middle  :  flowers  t^lo- 
uilar-headed  :  legumes  linear-oblong,  equal-sided,  4-6-seeded  : 
[lowers  yellow. 

Coiomandcl.    Common  in  pastures  about  Surat.    Flowering  near- 

y  all  lae 


(3)  D.  VIROATUS.      (Willd.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  270.  —  Dec.  prod,  II.  p.  445. 

Stjn.     Mimosa  virguta,  Linn. 

Engrav.     Bot.  Mag.  LI.  t.  £454.  —  Jacq.  Vind.  t.  80. 

Sri-c.  CHAR.  Suffruticoee  ;  stem  erect,  angled  :  leaves  bipinnat- 
d:  pinna)  3-4  pair,  with  a  large  concave  gland  between  the  lowest 
air:  leaflets  15-20  pair:  peduncles  axillary,  about  as  long  as  the 
;;ues,  naked,  bearing  a  globose,  few-flowered  head:  legume  nairow- 
near,  many-seeded  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Pcuiubula,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  LXVI.    DICHROSTACHYS. 
Polygainta  Hloncecia*    Sex:  Sytt  •• 

Deriv.  From  Dit>  two,  Chroma,  a  colour,  and  Stachys,  a  npike* 
he  spikes  of  flowers  are  of  two  colours. 

GHN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed  :  petals  5,  distinct  or  united  :  sta- 
ens  10  :  filaments  in  the  lower  flowers  steiile:  anthers  of  the  fer- 
e  onca  glanduliferous  :  legume  thick  and  coiiaceous,  curved  and 
•is  ted,  somewhat  jointed,  indchitcent  :  joints  1  -seeded  :  seed* 
iked. 


S59 

(1)   D.  CINKREA.       (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W,  &  A.  prod.  L  p.  271. 

Syn.  Cuillea  cinsrea,  <7.  fy  P.  —  Mimosa  cinerea,  Linn.  Roxl.  flt 
Xnd.  III.  p.  561.—  Desmanthus  cincreus,  Willd.  Dec.  prod,  II.  pt 
445.  —  Acacia  cinerea,  Spreng.  —  A.  Dalea,  Desv.  Dec.  L  c.  p.  459. 

Engrav.  Wight's  Icon.  t.  357.  —  Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  174.—  Burm. 
Zeyl.  t.  2.—  Pluk.  t,  121.  f.  5. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  armed  \\ith  stipulary  thorns  :  leaves  pin- 
nated :  pinnae  8-10  pair,  with  glands  between  the  lower  ones  •  leaf- 
lets  12-15  pair,  linear,  ciliated,  pubescent:  spikes  usually  solitary, 
rarely  2-3  together,  drooping,  rather  shorter  than  the  leaves:  petals 
scarcely  cohering  by  their  margins  and  forming  a  5-cleft  coiollas 
i'ertile  stamens  yellow,  sterile  ones  white  or  rose-coloured. 

Common  on  the  sterile  plains  of  the  Deccan.  Delhi.  Patna. 
Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

GENUS  LXVIL    ADENANTHERA. 
Decaiidria  Monogynia.    Sex:  8y*t: 

Deriv.  From  Aden^  a  gland,  and  Anther.  The  an  then  are  tip* 
ped  with  deciduous  glands. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Flowers  bisexual  :  calyx  4-5-toothed  :  petals  4-5, 
l;mceolato,  sessile,  slightly  cohering  at  the  base  :  legume  compressed, 
]ine.irf  nu'mbranaceous,  with  transverse  partitions  between  the  seeds, 
slightly  torulose. 

(1)  A.  PAVdNitfA.     (Linn.) 

Ident.  W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  271.  —  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  446.— 
Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  III.  p.  370. 

Enf/rav.  Wight's  111.  T.  t.  80,—  Rheede  Mai.  VI.  t.  14.— 
Rumph.  Amb.  III.  t.  109. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  unarmed  :  leaves  bipinnated  :  leaflets  oval, 
obtuse,  glabrous  on  both  sides  :  racemes  spike-like,  terminal,  or  from 
the  axils  of  the  upper  leaves  :  legume  somewhat  falcate  and  twisted  ; 
flowers  small,  yellow,  fragrant. 

Peninsula.  Travancore.  Silhet.  Assam.  Flowering  in  the  hot 
sen  son.  The  inner  wood  which  is  deep-red  yields  a  dye  with  which 
the  Brahmins  mark  their  foreheads*  The  bright  scarlet  seeds  are 
used  by  goldsmiths  for  weights.  Each  weighs  4  grains. 

GENUS  LXVm.    PROSOPIS. 


Deriv.     From  Prosopon,  a  mask,  the  application  of  which 
Unknown. 


360 

.  CHAR.  Trees  or  shrubs:  leaves  bipinnated,  or  occasionally 
Simply  pinn.'ited  :  flowers  usually  spiked  :  calyx  ,5-toothed  :  petal* 
5,  distinct:  stamens  10:  legume  linear,  cylindrical,  filled  with  pulp, 
torulose,  at  length  crumbling  to  pieces. 

(1)  P.  SPICIOERA.     (Linn.) 

ldrnt.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  271.—  Dec.  prod.  It.  p.  446. 

Syn.  P.  spicata,  Burm.  —  Adenanthera  aculeata,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind* 
II.  p.  371. 

Engrav.  Roxb.  Cor.  I.  t.  63.—  -Burm.  Ind.  t.  23.  f>  3.—  Pluk. 
t.  121.  f.  3. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  armed  with  scattered  prickles  or  sometimes 
Unarmed:  leaves  usuallv  bipinnated  ;  pinnae  1-2  pair,  with  a  gland 
between  each  pair  t  leaflets  7-10  pair,  oblong-linear,  obtuse  :  spikes 
axillary,  several  together,  elongated,  filiform  :  anthers  tipped  with 
a  deciduous  gland:  legume  cylindric:  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Coromandel.  Guzerat.  Delhi.  Flowering  in  the  cold  season* 
The  pods  contain  a  quantity  of  brown  mealy  sweetish  pulp  which 
the  natives  eat. 

GENUS  LXIX.    VACHELLIA. 

Hloii«ccla.    Sex  .-  Sy»t  • 


Deriv.  Named  after  flev.  G.  Vachell,  a  great  promoter  of  the 
knowledge  of  Botany  in  China. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Calyx  5-toothed  :  corolla  tubular,  5-6-toothed  * 
stamens  distinct,  very  numerous. 

(1)  V.  FARNESIANA.     (W.  fy  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  272. 

Syn*  Mimosa  Farnesiana,  Linn.  Roxb.  fl.  tnd.  II.  p.  557.  —  • 

M.  Indica,  Poir.  —  Acacia  Farnesiana,  Willd.  Dec.  prod*  II.  p, 
461.—  A.  Indica,  Desv.  t)ec.  t.  r.  p.  462. 

Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  73.  f.  3.—  Wight's  Icon.  t.  300, 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  shrub  of  small  tree,  armed  with  straight 
stipulary  thorns  :  leaves  bipinnated  :  pinnae  4-8  pair,  with  a  gland 
below  the  lower  pair  and  often  between  the  uppermost  :  leaflets  10- 
20  pair,  linear,  nearly  glabrous  :  petioles  and  peduncles  more  or 
less  pubescent  :  legume  cylindrical,  turgid,  filled  with  pulp  and  a 
double  row  of  seeds  :  flower-heads  globular,  2-8  together,  each  on 
an  axillary  peduncle  :  flowers  small,  yellow,  fragrant. 

Peninsula,  Scinde.  Silhet.  Assam.  Flowering  in  December 
and  January. 


361 

GENUS  LXX.    ACACIA. 
Polygamia  Moitcecla.    Sex .-  Syst  • 

Dm*.  From  Akadzo,  to  sharpen,,  in  allusion  to  many  of  the 
species  being  armed  with  spines. 

GEN.  CHAR.  Shiubs  or  trees,  unarmed  or  armed  with  thorns  or 
prickles  :  leaves  in  all  the  Indian  species  bipinnated  :  flowers  spik* 
ed  or  in  globular  heads :  oalyx  4-5-toothed :  petals  4-5,  distinct  or 
united :  stamens  various  in  number :  legume  continuous*  dry,  2* 
valved :  seeds  without  pulp. 

(1)  A.  CATECHU,     (mild.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  272.— -Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  458. 

Syn*  A.  polyacantha,  Willd.  Dec.  L  c.  p.  459. — A.  Wallichi* 
ana,  Dec. — Mimosa  catechu,  Linn.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  563. — 
M.  catechuoides,  Roxb. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  175. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree:  branches  armed  with  stipulary  thorns  or 
occasionally  unarmed:  pinnae  10-30  pair:  leaflets  30-50  pair: 
petiole  sometimes  armed  on  the  under  side  with  a  row  of  prickles 
with  one  large  gland  below  the  lowest  pair  of  pinnae  and  between 
the  extreme  1-6  pairs  :  spikes  axillary,  1-4  together,  shorter  than 
the  leaves :  petals  united:  stamens  numerous :  legumes  flat,  thin, 
straight,  linear,  glabrous,  4-8-seeded :  flowers  numerous,  small', 
white. 

Coromandel.  North  Ooncan.  Monghyr  and  many  other  parts 
of  India.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year.  The  old  high-coloured 
wood  is  used  for  making  the  astringent  extract  known  under  the 
name  of  Catechu,  formerly  called  Terra  Japonica. 

(2)  A,  SUNDRA.     (D«c.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  273. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  458. 
Syn.    A.  chundra,  Willd. — Mimosa  sundra,  Roxb.  fl*  Ind.  II, 
f.  562. 

JSngrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  III.  t.  225. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  everywhere  glabrous  :  branches^  armed  with 
decurrent  recurved  stipulary  prickles,  sometimes  entirely  unarmed  , 
pinnae  15-20  pair,  with  a  gland  on  the  petiole  below  the  lowest 
pair  and  between  the  extreme  pairs :  leaflets  20-40  pair,  small, 
linear,  obtuse:  spikes  1-3  together,  axillary,  shorter  than  the 
leaves :  stamens  distinct :  legumes  flat,  thin,  lanceolate,  few-seeded, 
occasionally  emarginate  between  the  seeds  :  flowers  small,  yellow. 

Mountains  of  Coromandel.  Soonderbunds.  Flowering  in  the 
rainy  season.  This  species  is  extremely  like  A.  Catechu  and  yields 
a  similar  resin.  It  principally  differs  by  being  perfectly  glabrous. 
The  prickles  are  sometimes  absent  on  one  branch  and  present  on 
another  of  the  same  tree.  (W*  &  A0 


362 

(3)  A.  FERRUGINEA.      (Dec.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  273.—  Dec.  prod,  I  Jt  p.  45S» 
Syn.     Mimosa  ferruginea,  Roab.  fl*  Ind,  II.  p.  561. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  armed  with  conical  stipulary  thorns,  occa- 
sionally unarmed  :  pinnae  3-6  pair,  with  one  gland  on  the  petiole 
and  one  between  each  of  the  1-2  extreme  pairs  :  leaflets  10-20 
pair,  oblong-linear,  obtuse  :  spikes  axillary,  usually  in  pairs  :  sta- 
mens slightly  united  at  the  base:  legumes  rusty-coloured,  flat, 
lanceolate,  hard,  2-6-seeded  :  flowers  small,  pale-yellow. 

Circars.  Courtallum.  Flowering  in  the  hot  season.  The  bark 
which  is  of  a  dark  rusty  colour  is  strongly  astringent. 

(4)  A.  LATRONUM.       (Wtild.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A,  prod.  L  p.  273.--  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  460. 

Syn.  Mimosa  latronum,  Koen.  Raxb.  fl.  Ind.  II,  p.  558.— 
M.  cornigera,  Linn.  Suppl. 

Engrav.     Wight's  Icon,  t.  1157. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Somewhat  arboreous  :  thorns  numerous,  stipulary, 
very  large,  united  at  the  base  :  pinnae  3-5  pair,  with  a  gland  on  the 
petiole:  leaflets  6-15  pair,  very  small,  narrow-linear,  obtuse,  with- 
out glands  ;  spikes  axillary  usually  in  pairs,  longer  than  the  leaves, 
many-flowered  :  stamens  distinct  ;  legume  flat,  thickisb,  oval-fal- 
cate, 3-4-seeded  :  flowers  white,  becoming  yellowish,  fragrant. 

Coromandel.  Common  in  the  barren  tracts  of  the  Deccan,  Flow- 
ering in  the  rainy  season.  From  some  unknown  cause  the  tree  at 
a  certain  stage  ceases  to  elongate.  The  branches  then  increase  hori- 
zontally to  a  considerable  extent,  forming  a  flat  umhrella~like  top. 
(W.  &A.) 

(5)  A.  DUMOSA.    (W.  $  A.) 

Ident.     W.  &.  A.  prod.  I.  p.  274. 

Syn.     Mimosa  dumosa,  Roxb.  ft.  I»d.  II.  p.  550. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub  :  thorns  numerous,  subulate,  stipuhry, 
white,  united  at  the  base  :  leaves  small  :  pinnae  2-3  pair,  with  a 
hollow  gland  between  the  last  pair  :  leaflets  about  4  pair,  obovate- 
oblong,  obtuse,  very  small  :  spikes  axillary,  somewhat  in  pairs, 
much  longer  than  the  leaves  :  flowers  numerous,  small,,  whitish. 

In  the  dry  tracts  between  Saharunpore  and  Delhi,  flowering 
nearly  all  the  year. 

(6)  A.  PROCERA. 


Ident.    W,  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  275.—  Dec.  prod.  H.  p.  466. 
Syn.     Mimosa  procejra,  Roxl.fi.  Ind.  II.  p.  548, 
Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor,  II.  t,  121. 


363 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Unarmed  tree:  pinnae  3-5  pair,  with  a  large 
gland  on  the  petiote  :  leaflets  6-12  pair,  obliquely  oval,  pointed! 
panicles  axillary  or  terminal  and  very  large  :  heads  of  flowers  globu- 
lar, peduncled)  aggregated  :  stamens  monadelphous  :  legume  thin, 
flat,  straight,  linear-lanceolate,  pointed,  8-12-seeded. 

Peninsula.     Coromandel. 


(7)  A.  SPECIOSH. 
Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  275.—  Dec.  prod.  IL  p.  467. 


Syn*  Mimosa  speciosa,  /ac^.-—  M.  Sirissa,  JRoab.  fl.  Ind.  II, 
p.  544.  —  Albizzia  Lebbek>  Berdh.  Hook.  Jwr.  Bvt,  III.  p.  88.-— 
Dalz.  Bomb.  fior.  p.  88. 

Engrav.  Pluk.  t.  331.  f.  1.—  Jacq.  Icon.  Rar.  I.  t.  198* 
SPEC.  CHAR.  Unarmed  tree  :  pinnae  1-4  pair,  with  a  large 
gland  about  the  base  of  the  petiole  :  leaflets  4-9  pair,  oval,  unequal, 
often  with  one  or  two  small  glands  near  the  base  of  the  partial  pe- 
tioles and  small  ones  between  the  leaflets  :  peduncles  axillary,  1-4 
together,  each  bearing  a  globular  head  of  shortly  pedicelled  flowers  : 
calyx  long  tubular  :  petals  united  to  beyond  the  calyx  :  stamens 
very  long,  monadelphous  :  legume  thin,  flat,  broads-linear,  remotely 
8-10-seeded;  flowers  small,  white,  fragrant. 

Found  in  almost  every  part  of  the  country.  Flowering  nearly 
all  the  year.  The  timber  is  dark-coloured  very  hard  and  close- 
grained.  Masses  of  very  pure  gttm  are  often  found  on  the  tree. 

(3)  A.  FRONDOSA.     (Willd.) 

Idenl.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I  p.  275.  —  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  468. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  erect  unarmed  shrub  :  pinnae  about  6  pair, 
with  a  gland  on  the  petiole  close  to  the  lower  pair  ;  leaflets  about 
14  pair,  lanceolate,  acute,  rather  distant,  pubescent  beneath  :  pe- 
duncles axillary,  solitary  or  in  pairs,  as  long  as  the  petiole,  bearing 
a  globular  head  of  flowers  :  petals  linear-lanceolate,  distinct  :  sta- 
mens 10>  long,  distinct:  legume  flat,  thin,  linear,  thickened  on  the 
margins,  many-seeded  :  flowers  small,  white* 

Patna,  flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 


(9)   A>  TOMENfOSA. 

Ident,     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  276.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  426. 

Syn.  Mimosa  tomehtosa,  Rvxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  558.  —  M.  Klei- 
nii,  Poir. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree  armed  with  largs  stipulary  spines  :  young 
shoots  petioles  and  peduncles  covered  with  yellowish  down  :  pinnae 
1  0-12  pair,  with  an  oblong  gland  below  the  lowest,  and  an  umbilicate 
one  between  each  of  the  1-2  last  pair  :  leaflets  numerous,  linear,  ob- 
tuse, pubescent  beneath  :  peduncles  axillary,  1-4  together,  with  4 


364 

linall  tracts  about  the  middle :  heads  of  flowers  globose  :  stamens 
distinct :  stigma  dilated :  legume  flat,  -thin,  linear-falcate,  6-8-seed* 
ed  ;  flowers  white,  rather  offensive. 

Coromandel.  Common  in  the  Deccan  and  Khandeish  jungles. 
Sholapore.  Flowering  nearly  all  the  year. 

(10)  A.   PLANIFRONS.       ( W.  ty  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  276. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree :  branches  crowded  at  the  summit,  spread*. 
ing  and  umbrella-like :  thorns  stipulary,  short,  conical  and  curved, 
and  very  long,  terete  or  angled  and  Channelled  on  the  sides  :  pinnse 
5^6  pair*  leaflets  10-12  pair,  very  small,  linear,  obtuse,  glabrous  * 
petioles  compressed,  flat  on  the  lower  side,  ciliated,  without  glands : 
peduncles  axillary,  aggregated,  shorter  than  the  leaves,  with  bracts 
at  the  base  :  heads  of  flowers  globose  :  legumes  tumid,  spirally 
curved. 

Artingarry.     Tanjore. 

(11)  A.  ROXBURGHII.     (W.  ty  A.) 
Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  276. 

Syn.  Mimosa  eburnea,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  558. — M.  horrida, 
Smith  in  Rees'  Cycl. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  199. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  An  armed  shrub  :  pinnae  6  pair  :  leaflets  9  pair, 
closely  approximated  :  thorns  stipulary,  often  longer  than  the  leaves, 
united  at  the  base :  heads  of  flowers  axillary,  globose  :  legumes 
linear,  variously  bent. 

Coromandel,  flowering  in  the  cold  season. 

(12)  A.  RBURNEA.     (Willd.) 

'Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  276. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  461, 
Syn.     Mimosa  eburnea,  Linn.  Suppl. 
Engrav.     Pluk.  t.  121.  f.  4. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Small  tree,  armed :  pinnae  2-4  pair,  rather  dis- 
tant, with  a  concave  gland  between  the  last  pair :  leaflets  5-8  pair, 
oval-oblong,  obtuse,  slightly  distant  from  each  other :  thorns  stipu- 
lary, united  at  the  base,  both  small  and  very  large :  peduncles 
axillary,  several  together,  with  bracts  about  the  middle :  heads  of 
flowers  globose,  small :  legume  elongated,  twisted. 

Coromandel. 

(13)  A.  AHABICA.    '(Willd.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.   I.  p.  277.— Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  461, 
Syn.     Mimosa  Arabica,  Lam.  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  557. 
Engrav.     Iloxb.  Cor,  II.  t.  149.— Pluk.  t,  221,  f.  1, 


S65 

SPEC.  CH\R.  Small  tree  :  thorns  stipulary,  long,  short 'or  almost 
wanting:  pinna1  about  5  pair,  with  a  gland  between  the  first  and 
last  pairs:  leaflets  15-20  pair:  peduncles  aggregated,  axillary  or 
forming  a  terminal  raceme  by  the  abortion  of  the  leaves  :  heads  o£ 
flowers  globose  :  legumes  stalked,  compressed,  thickish,  contracted 
on  both  sutures  between  the  seeds :  flowers  bright-yellow,  fragrant. 

Peninsula.  Sukanagur.  Saharnnpore.  Flowering  in  May  and 
October.  The  gum  which  exudes  from  the  baik  is  used  as  a  sub- 
stitute for  Gum  Arabic.  The  wood  is  strong,  tough  and  durable* 
The  bark  is  astringent  and  used  for  tanning  leather. 

(14)    A.   LEUCOFHLCEA.       (WlllA.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  277. — Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  462. 

Syn.  A.  alba,  Willd  — Mimosa  leucophlcea,  Roxb.  fi.  Ind.  it. 
p.  .558. 

Engrav.     Roxb.  Cor.  II.  t.  150. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  armed  with  stipulary  thorns  :  pinnae  7-12 
pair,  with  a  gland  below  the  first  and  between  some  of  the  last  pairs  : 
leaflets  numerous,  oblong-linear,  pubescent  or  nearly  glabrous  :  pa* 
nicies  large,  terminal,  or  from  the  upper  axils  :  branches  and  pedun- 
cles shortly  tomentuse  ;  heads  of  flowers  globose,  on  short  pedun- 
cles :  legume  narrow,  linear,  long,  curved,  shortly  tomentose  when 
young;  flowers  pale  yellowish. 

Coromandel.  South  Mahratta  country.  Sholapore.  Delhi.  Flow- 
ering in  the  rainy  season.  Tin?  bark  is  astringent*  The  natives 
distil  an  ardent  spirit  from  it  mixed  with  palm  wine  and  coarse 
sugar. 

(15)  A.  PENNATA.     (Willd.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p.  277. — Dec.  prod,  IT.  p.  464. 

Syn*  A.  megaladena,  Desv. — Mimosa  pennat.i,  Linn. — M.ferru- 
gined,  Rottt.  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  431. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  :  brunches  irregularly  angled,  slightly 
tomentose,  armed  with  numerous  small  straight,  or  recurved  pric- 
kles :  pinnae  8-13  pair:  leaflets  numerous,  small,  narrow- linear, 
semihastate,  acute :  petioles  tomentose,  with  a  row  of  prickles  on 
the  under  side,  a  large  flat  gland  near  the  base  and  u  small  one  be-* 
tween  each  of  the  '2-3  exticme  pairs  of  pinnae  :  peduncles  aggregat- 
ed, axillary  or  forming  naked  racemes  towards  the  ends  of  the 
branches:  flowers  in  globular  heads:  legumes  thin,  6-10-seeded: 
flowers  small,  yellow. 

Courtallum,     Neilgherries,     Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(16)  A.  RUGATA.     (Lam.) 

Ident.     W.  &  A.  prod.  L  p.  277. 

Syn.  A.  concmna,  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  461.-— Mimosa  concinna, 
Willd.  Roxb.  jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  564.— M.  rugata,  Lam.  Dec.  L  r.  p* 
431. — M.  abstergens,  Spr. 

Engrav.     Burm.  Zeyl.  t.  1. — Pluk.  t.  121.  f.  G. 


366 

,  CHAR.  Climbing  :  branches  irregularly  angled  and  armed 
"With  numerous  recurved  prick  les  :  pinna?  6-8  pair:  leaflets  15-25 
pair,  linear,  somewhat  semihnstate,  obtuse>  mucronatei  petioles 
with  hooked  prickles  on  the  under  side,  a  large  gland  near  the  base 
and  another  between  the  extreme  pair  :  stipules  large>  membranous- 
cordate  :  panicles  terminal  and  axillary  :  branches  tomentose  :  heads 
of  flowers  globular,  pedancled,  3-5  together,  in  the  axils  of  a  small 
leaf  or  deciduous  bract  :  legumes  large,  succulent,  contracted  be* 
tween  the  seeds  :  valves  when  dry  shrivelled  and  wrinkled  on  the 
surface,  angled  on  the  margin  :  flowers  small,  white. 

Peninsula.  Silhet.  Assam.  Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 
The  legumes  are  used  as  soap  for  washing  the  hair*  The  leaves  are 
ecid  and  used  in  cookery  instead  of  tamarinds. 


(17)  A.  UESIA.     (JT.  $  A.) 

Ident.    W.  &  A.  prod.  I.  p,  278. 

Syn.  A.  Intsioides,  Dec.  prod.  II.  f>.  264.—  Mimosa  cgesia* 
Roxb.  Jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  565. 

Engrav.     Pluk.  t,  130.  f.  1> 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Climbing  shrub,  armed  with  numerous  prickles  t 
pinnae  10—14  pair,  with  one  or  two  glands  on  the  petioles  and  one 
between  each  of  the  last  3-4  pairs  :  leaflets  numerous,  oblong-linear) 
somewhat  falcate,  coriaceous,  pale  pubescent  beneath  :  panicles  ter- 
minal :  heads  ot  flowers  globose,  numerous  :  legume  linear,  flat. 

Coromandel.  Monghyr.  Saharunpore.  Flowering  in  the  rainy 
season. 

(18)  A.  INTSIA.     (Willd.) 

Idenl.    W.  &.  A.  prod,  I.  p.  278.—  Dec.  prod.  II.  p.  464. 

Syn.  A.  caesia,  Willd.  Dec.  1.  c.  p.  465.—  -Mimosa  Intsia,  Linn* 
Roxb.  ft.  Ind.  II.  p.  565. 

Engrav.  Rheede  Mai.  VL  t.  4.  —  Pluk.  t.  122.  F.  2, 
SPEC.  CHAR.  A  procumbent  or  climbing  shrub  :  branches  an* 
gled,  armed  with  recurved  prickles  :  pinnae  5-8  pair;  leaflets  about 
9  pair,  linear-oblong  :  petioles  armed  with  recurved  prickles  on  the 
under  side,  with  a  large  convex  gland  near  the  babe,  and  a  small 
one  between  each  of  the  1-3  last  pairs  of  pin  n  as  i  panicles  large, 
terminal  :  peduncles  3-4  together,  heads  of  flowers  globose  :  legumes 
broadly-linear,  flat  and  thin. 

Corotnandel.  Common  on  the  Ghauts  and  throughout  the  Con- 
can  jungles.  Nawabgwnge.  Flowering  in  the  rainy  season. 

(19)  A.  SUMA.     (Buck.) 

Ident.     Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  563. 
Syn.     Mimosa  Suina,  Roxb. 


367 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Tree,  armed  with  straight  stipulary  thorns :  pinn* 
JO-20  pair,  with  a  large  concave  gland  above  the  base  of  the  petiole,, 
and  two  or  three  between  the  last  2-3  pairs  of  pinnae :  spikes  1-6* 
axillary :  legume  linear,  thin,  6-8-seeded :  flowers  white. 

Calcutta.  Bengal.  A  very  common  tree,  remarkably  conspicu- 
ous for  its  white  bark.  Flowering  in  the  rainy  season* 

(20)  A.  MOI>ESTA.     (Wall.) 

Ident.     Don's  Mill.  II.  p.  412. 

£ngrav.     Wall.  PI.  As.  Rar.  II.  t.  130. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub :  spines  axillary,  subulate :  pinnae  2~$ 
pair :  leaflets  4  pair,  oblong,  obtuse,  glaucous :  petioles  pilose* 
with  one  gland  about  the  middle  :  spikes  axillary  and  terminal  > 
•usually  solitary,  nodding,  on  short  peduncles :  legume  stalked, 
linear-oblong,  flat,  6-seeded,  acute  at  both  ends  :  flowers  white* 
fragrant. 

In  the  dry  tracts  between  Saharunpore  and  Delhi.  Flowering  in, 
April. 

(21)  A.  SMITHIANA.     (Wall) 
Syn.     Mimosa  Smithiana,  Roxb.  fl.  Ind.  II.  p.  550. 
SPEC.  CHAR.     Large   tree:   stipules   semicordate,   very  large  t 
pinnae  12-18  pair  :  leaflets  numerous,  semilanceolate  ;  petioles  vil- 
lous,  with  one  gland  near  the  base  and  one  between  each  of  the  last 
2-3  pairs   of  pin  nee:  panicles  terminal  and  in  the  exterior  ax  ila 
forming  a  single  long-peduncled  raceme  composed  of  long-pedicel- 
led  globular  heads  of  white  flowers :    calyx  and  corolla  downy  : 
legumes  linear-lanceolate,  thin  and  smooth,  10-2 Unseeded. 

Chittagong  and  Silhet.    Flowering  in  May. 

(22)   A.  MYR10PHYLLA.       (Grdh.) 

Syn.     Mimosa  Microphylla,  Rvxb.  Jl.  Ind.  II.  p.  549. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Shrub:  pinnce  10-15  pair:  leaflets  numerous,, 
minute,  obliquely  linear :  petioles  downy  :  calyx  and  corolla  vil- 
lous  :  panicles  terminal  and  axillary,  villous,  composed  of  globular 
heads  of  small  greenish-yellow  flowers :  legumes  thin,  leafy,  long, 
broad,  obtuse,  3 -G- seeded. 

Khasia  mountains.    Flowering  in  May  and  June. 

(23)  A.  ELATA.     (Grah.) 
Ident.    Voigt.  Hort.  Calc.  p.  261. 
Syn.     Mimosa  elata,  Roxb.  /.  Ind.  II.  p.  546. 

SPEC.  CHAR.  Large  tree :  pinnae  3-6  pair :  leaflets  6-10  pair*, 
subsessile,  opposite,  oblong,  emarginate,  smooth  on  both  sides :  pe- 
tioles with  a  ridge  on  the  upper  side  and  one  large  oblong  concave 


36$ 

gfcmd  near  the  base,  and  generally  one  between  the  last  1-3  pair  of 
leaflets  :  panicles  axillary,  generally  compound,  composed  of  several 
pedicelled  globular  heads  of  white  flowers :  legume  linear,  pointed^ 
smooth,  leafy  ?  6-8-seeded* 

Interior  parts  of  Bengal.  Assam.  Flowering  in  May  and  June. 
The  timber  is  of  good  quality. 

(24)   A.  KAL